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Mar 9, 2020 Eric Mellink; Scott Tremor; Howard Thomas; Nadia Siordia; Jaime Luévano; Sula Vanderplank
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This policy report defines and provides a 50-state review of teacher license reciprocity, explores how state-specific licensing requirements impact the teacher labor market, and includes examples of national and state efforts to facilitate reciprocity.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Certification, Geographic Location, Interstate Programs, Labor Market,...
Concerned with low on-time graduation rates, state lawmakers continue to turn to outcomes-based funding (OBF) as one policy approach to support postsecondary degree attainment and workforce goals. Policymakers have also been confronted with constituent complaints about student debt loads, course schedules and academic programs that force students to enroll in additional terms, and transfer policies that require students to retake courses already completed at other public two- and four-year...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Aid, Funding Formulas, Outcomes of Education, School Holding Power, At Risk...
Assessments come in many forms in part because they serve many purposes, and those purposes often vary by the stakeholders they support. Students, parents, teachers, and school, district and state leaders may all be end users of the information provided by various assessments. This brief supports state leaders' understanding of assessments by first classifying and categorizing assessments and then providing an overview of common terms used when choosing and utilizing assessments.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation, Guides,...
As schools across the state implement the Next Generation Science Standards, this EdSource primer provides an easy-to-read guide for parents and other community members to understand the rationale for the standards and their potential to affect science instruction in California schools. California adopted the Next Generation Science Standards, or NGSS, in 2013, representing the first update to the state's science standards in nearly two decades. The new standards will significantly shape how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Academic Standards, Teaching Methods, Instructional Innovation,...
The purpose of the study was to determine whether individual differences in at-risk 4th graders' language comprehension, nonverbal reasoning, concept formation, working memory, and use of decimal labels (i.e., place value, point, incorrect place value, incorrect fraction, or whole number) are related to their decimal magnitude understanding. Students (n = 127) completed 6 cognitive assessments, a decimal labeling assessment, and 3 measures of decimal magnitude understanding (i.e., comparing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Arithmetic, Fractions, At Risk Students, Elementary School...
The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine early intervention (EI) service providers'perceptions of the roles played by fathers in services, as well as their perceptions of the barriers that limit fathers from being engaged in the services provided for families of children with disabilities. A total of 511 EI service providers participated in an online survey. Findings revealed a significant gap between EI providers' perceptions of the impact fathers can have on their children with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Participation, Fathers, Early Intervention, Parent Role, Barriers,...
The goal of the present study was to describe fraction-calculation errors among 4th-grade students and determine whether error patterns differed as a function of problem type (addition vs. subtraction; like vs. unlike denominators), orientation (horizontal vs. vertical), or mathematics-achievement status (low- vs. average- vs. high-achieving). We specifically addressed whether mathematics-achievement status was related to students' tendency to operate with whole number bias. We extended this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Error Patterns, Mathematics Instruction, Computation, Mathematics Achievement, Grade...
Strong correlational evidence suggests that involvement in the arts improves students' academic outcomes and memory of learning events (e.g., Peppler et al., 2014; Robinson, 2013; Scripps & Paradis, 2014). It is unclear, however, whether the improved outcomes are the result of general exposure to the arts, arts integrated into content instruction, the use of effective instructional practices, or a combination of these factors. Moreover, as a growing number of studies suggest that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Integrated Activities, Memory, Retention (Psychology), Outcomes of...
The Civics Education Initiative is a project of the Joe Foss Institute, a nonprofit dedicated to shaping "young Americans for civic engagement as voters and informed members of their community." The three-year initiative, which launched in September 2015 and concludes in September 2017, has three goals: (1) To ensure students graduate with the tools they need to become informed and engaged citizens; (2) To put civic education back in classrooms across the country; and (3) To serve as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civics, Citizenship Education, Citizen Participation, Voting, Skill Development,...
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which passed in late 2015, is the first major federal law in more than 30 years offering states a significant degree of flexibility to broaden--rather than narrow--curricula, and strongly encourages states to ensure all students have access to a well-rounded education, which includes the arts and music. Armed with the evidence presented in this report highlighting the impressive effects education in and through the arts can have on student success, state...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Access to Education, Art Education,...
As of 2011, 31 million adults in the United States had some college credit but had not earned a postsecondary credential, defined in this brief as a near-completer. This brief provides an overview of the 2017 near-completer policy landscape and a detailed review of three states implementing innovative outreach to this population. State example information was gathered through personal communication with state-level staff on how their initiatives came about and the process of implementation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Credits, Outreach Programs, Intervention, State Policy, State Legislation,...
In a rigorous evaluation of ASSISTments as an online homework support conducted in the state of Maine, SRI International reported that "the intervention significantly increased student scores on an end-of-the-year standardized mathematics assessment as compared with a control group that continued with existing homework practices." (Roschelle, Feng, Murphy & Mason, 2016). Naturally, education stakeholders want to know how big the improvement was.To answer this type of question,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Homework, Program Effectiveness, Effect Size, Cost Effectiveness, Intervention,...
Previous studies suggest that individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are more likely than other disability groups and the general population to gravitate toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. However, the field knows little about which factors influenced the STEM pipeline between high school and postsecondary STEM major. This study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study--2, a nationally representative sample of students with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Prior Learning, High...
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) and higher-order cognitive skills (inference and theory of mind) were hypothesized to be component skills of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Teaching Methods, Elementary School...
This 50-State Review provides an overview of governance structures in the states, as well as implications for practice, deep dives into four governance models and examples of other governance models. One appendix, State Education Governance Models by State, is included.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Governance, State Government, Models, State Policy, Educational Policy, Government...
This Policy Snapshot defines and explores statewide longitudinal data systems, as well as relevant 2016 and 2017 legislation.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Longitudinal Studies, Data Collection, Educational Policy, State Policy, Preschool...
This study reports on the development and field study of K-TEEM, a web-based assessment instrument designed to measure mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT) at the early elementary level. The development process involved alignment with early elementary curriculum standards, expert review of items and scoring criteria, cognitive interviews with practicing teachers, a field test involving 405 practicing teachers, and data modeling using a Rasch model. Several examples of MKT at the early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Elementary School Teachers, Mathematics, Pedagogical Content...
The normal-distribution-based likelihood ratio statistic T[subscript ml] = nF[subscript ml] is widely used for power analysis in structural Equation modeling (SEM). In such an analysis, power and sample size are computed by assuming that T[subscript ml] follows a central chi-square distribution under H[subscript 0] and a noncentral chi-square distribution under H[subscript a]. However, with either violation of normality or not a large enough sample size, both empirical and analytical results...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Evaluation Methods, Structural Equation Models, Reliability,...
Despite the poor outcomes for U.S. students on national writing tests, overall research on how to teach writing is sparse, and this scarcity is more pronounced in the early years of beginning to write. In this study 81,200 we present preliminary findings from Year 1 of a 3-year Institute of Education Sciences-funded Goal 2 project aimed at improving the writing performance of kindergarten children. We designed peer assisted writing strategies (PAWS) and tested its feasibility and promise....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pilot Projects, Feasibility Studies, Kindergarten, Writing Strategies, Writing...
Developed in response to concerns that too few students were enrolling and succeeding in postsecondary education, early college high schools are small schools that blur the line between high school and college. This article presents results from a longitudinal experimental study comparing outcomes for students accepted to an early college through a lottery process with outcomes for students who were not accepted through the lottery and enrolled in high school elsewhere. Results show that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Longitudinal Studies, College School Cooperation,...
Approaches to learning are a set of domain-general skills that encompass curiosity, persistence, planning, and engagement in group learning. These skills play a key role in preschoolers' learning and predict school readiness in math and language. Preschool science is a critical domain for early education and facilitates learning across domains. However, no studies to date have examined how approaches to learning affect science outcomes in preschoolers. This study addressed this gap in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Readiness, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Learning Strategies,...
Transactional relations between children's positive social interaction skills, school engagement, and academic achievement were examined using a longitudinal panel model across the transition from preschool to first grade. Participants were Head Start children (N = 241; 49% girls, M age = 53 months, range 45-60); 78% were Mexican/Mexican-American; 82% of families were of low socioeconomic status. Head Start children's positive social interaction skills and academic achievement in preschool were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education, Grade 1, Kindergarten, Early...
Mathematics curricula are frequently rich with visuals, but these visuals are often not designed for optimal use of students' limited cognitive resources. The authors of this study revised the visuals in a mathematics lesson based on instructional design principles. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of these revised visuals on students' cognitive load, cognitive processing, learning, and interest. Middle-school students (N = 62) read a lesson on early algebra with original or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Visual Stimuli, Eye Movements, Cognitive Processes,...
Community colleges nationwide rally to meet President Obama's challenge of adding five million graduates by 2020. However, many institutions continue to experience declining retention and attempt lackluster solutions to bolster student success. One often overlooked factor in need of investigation is the impact of food insecurity, an inadequate level of nutritional and safe food or the inability to obtain foods in a socially acceptable manner. The researchers for this project will investigate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Food, Nutrition, Hunger, Success,...
Vocabulary knowledge is vital for students' success in school and beyond. However, students with disabilities and others who consistently score below their peers on various measures of vocabulary knowledge have difficulties in secondary-level content area courses. Because many students with disabilities are now educated primarily in general education classrooms, their teachers report needing more professional development on instructional strategies to support this population. Using a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocabulary Development, Science Instruction, Multimedia Instruction, Faculty...
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of 2 brief school-based interventions targeting the homework problems of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)--the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention and the Completing Homework by Improving Efficiency and Focus (CHIEF) intervention, as implemented by school mental health providers during the school day. A secondary goal was to use moderator analyses to identify student characteristics that may...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Theory Practice Relationship, Intervention, Homework,...
Though proficiency with computation is highly emphasized in national mathematics standards, students with mathematics difficulty (MD) continue to struggle with computation. To learn more about the differences in computation error patterns between typically achieving students and students with MD, we assessed 478 3rd-grade students on a measure of mathematics computation. Results indicated that using the wrong operation was the most common identifiable error for all students. Students with MD...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems, Mathematics Skills, Error...
Three decades of reform aimed at improving disadvantaged student achievement have not substantially narrowed achievement and graduation gaps. This article reviews the research around eight essential components of effective high schools emerging from a review of the effective schools and high school reform literature, and provides a framework for how these components are implemented and integrated. We submit that far-reaching high school improvement is rooted in these components: schools succeed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, School Effectiveness, Educational Change, Educational Research,...
During high school, developing competence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is critically important as preparation to pursue STEM careers, yet students in the United States lag behind other countries, ranking 35th in mathematics and 27th in science achievement internationally. Given the importance of STEM careers as drivers of modern economies, this deficiency in preparation for STEM careers threatens the United States' continued economic progress. In the present...
Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Career Readiness, College Readiness, High School Students, Parent...
This paper presents evidence from a unique reform model that allowed teachers and other educators in a large urban district to collaborate with one another in the development of an innovation meant to improve student ownership and responsibility. In this longitudinal case study, we describe school stakeholders' learning about the design, the process of knowledge-transfer to school teams, and how school teams shared their ongoing learning with one another. School implementation teams were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, Urban Schools, Case Studies, Educational Change, Change Strategies,...
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K: 2011; n = 11,000), this study examined the developmental outcomes of 5-year-old children in multi-grade classrooms (combined pre-kindergarten and kindergarten classrooms serving 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds) compared with 5-year-olds attending kindergarten-only classrooms serving primarily 5-year-olds. Results from regression and propensity score analyses revealed that 5-year-old children who attended...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Development, Emotional Development, Multigraded Classes, Executive Function,...
Understanding the efficacy of evidence-based reading practices delivered in the Tier 1 (i.e. general classroom) setting is critical to successful implementation of multi-tiered systems, meeting a diverse range of student learning needs, and providing high quality reading instruction across content areas. This meta-analysis presents evidence on the effects of Tier 1 reading instruction on the reading outcomes of students in Grades 4-12, and a synthesis of effects for students identified as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Instruction, Evidence Based Practice, Outcomes of Education, Elementary...
Understanding how individuals interact with a course after receiving a passing grade could have important implications for course design. If individuals become disengaged after passing a class, then this may raise questions about optimal ordering of content, course difficulty, and grade transparency. Using a person fixed effects model, we analyze how individuals who obtained passing grades subsequently behaved within a course. These learners were less likely to complete videos and more likely...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learner Engagement, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement, Grades (Scholastic),...
This study used a randomized controlled trial design to investigate the ROOTS curriculum, a 50-lesson kindergarten mathematics intervention. Ten ROOTS-eligible students per classroom (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a ROOTS five-student group, a ROOTS two-student group, and a no-treatment control group. Two primary research questions were investigated as part of this study: What was the overall impact of the treatment (the ROOTS intervention) as compared with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Kindergarten, Mathematics...
In this article, we describe results of a reanalysis of two randomized studies that tested the effects of enhanced anchored instruction (EAI) on the fractions computation performance of students in special education resource rooms and inclusive mathematics classrooms. Latent class analysis and latent transition analysis classified students according to error subtypes and tracked their performance patterns. Results indicated that EAI was more effective than business as usual in reducing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Resource Room Programs, Inclusion, Special...
This classroom-based investigation sought to document how, in real time, STEM teachers and students attempt to locate the invariant mathematical relations that are threaded through the range of activities and representations in these classes, and how highlighting this common thread influences student participation and learning. The authors conducted multimodal discourse analyses of teacher-student interactions during multiday observations in 3 urban high school STEM classes. The focal lessons...
Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Symbols (Mathematics), Observation, High School Students, Geometry,...
Early number skills, comprised of both informal and formal skills, are associated with later mathematics achievement. Thus, the development of foundational early number skills is an important aspect of early mathematics instruction. This study explored relations between early number skills gains and mathematics achievement for students at risk for mathematics difficulties in a kindergarten intervention study. Results indicated strong relationships between formal number skills gains and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Tests, At Risk Students, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Elementary...
Helping struggling readers to learn history content in middle school can be difficult due to heavy reading demands. In this study, researchers taught poor readers with and without disabilities in 8th grade to generate main idea statements, create compare and contrast paragraphs, and identify cause and effect relationships, along with relevant multisyllabic word study and vocabulary, as they read history text. The 34 participating students included 14 with disabilities and 20 without...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Difficulties, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Disabilities, English Language...
This research replicates an earlier study (O'Connor, Beach, Sanchez, Bocian, & Flynn, 2015) and extends it by shifting instructional responsibility from researchers to special education teachers, who implemented reading instruction that included multisyllabic word decoding, academic vocabulary, and three comprehension strategies (generating main ideas, comparing and contrasting people, and events, and identifying cause and effect relations) with their intact 8th grade history classes, using...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Decoding (Reading), Grade 8, Learning...
Institutions of higher education around the world have responded to the challenge of globalization by internationalizing their curricula. Incorporating elements of cross-cultural examination to a freshman Fundamentals of Public Speaking class proved to be an important first step toward globalization for this speech professor. In the class, students were placed in groups of 5 or 6, and each group selected a theme regarding study abroad and places abroad. Each group member examined an aspect of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Global Approach, Public Speaking, Fundamental Concepts, Introductory Courses, Study...
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of internationalizing a curricular component of the class on preservice teachers. By realigning course objectives and including a content specific Albany State University internationalization initiative framework, the project evaluated the impact on preservice teacher knowledge of culturally relevant pedagogy. The early childhood education candidates, eligible for degrees in Early Childhood Education, researched educational practices on an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Teaching Methods, Global Approach,...
This study entailed understanding how urban teachers supported a population of immigrant students (from non-English speaking countries) and English Language Leaners (ELLs) as well as how teachers made sense of and carried out instruction for this group of students in an urban classroom. The author's ultimate goal as a teacher educator was to translate what he had learned from this study into principles and practices to be shared with new teachers. After several setbacks related to finding a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Immigrants, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement,...
National narratives have often served to mobilize the masses for war by providing myths and distorted interpretations of the past, while conversely wars were major sources for producing national narratives. Because national history is very likely to remain a central topic in history education, albeit in ways that differ from how the topic was used fifty years ago, it is important to gain a greater understanding of the underlying structures and mechanisms of these narratives in history...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature Reviews, History Instruction, Textbook Research, Educational Resources,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 21, 2018 ERIC
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The aim of this article is to analyse adolescents' views of Swedish history. A small number of adults were also included in the study. The analysis shows that, regardless of the age of the informants, Sweden is portrayed as an exception from the world through its legacy of a long peace (in spite of a war-torn distant history) and through its enjoyment of progress, democracy and prosperity. We interpret this as a result of a history culture in which schools as well as other institutions produce...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, European History, Adults, Nationalism, Cultural Influences,...
In a nationwide effort to create standardized performance criteria, there has been an emphasis on testing data as the strict measurement of teacher and student success or failure (Volante & Sonia, 2010). These testing accountability systems, developed under No Child Left Behind (2001), were based on assumptions that high-stakes assessments modeled on state standards would lead to improved academic performance and increased graduation rates. However, the authors of this commentary maintain...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learner Engagement, High Stakes Tests, Accountability, Educational Legislation,...
Much of the concern with young people's historical knowledge centres on factual attainment or disciplinary skills. However, relatively little attention is paid to the relevance that young people attribute to history and how they use the past, and various social representations of history, to relate to the present. Research in this realm tends to emphasize the impact of collective memory narratives on individuals, rather than individuals' agency in using them. In this article, I will examine the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Historical Interpretation, Conflict Resolution, Arabs, Jews, Reflection,...
Much academic development work that is framed by academic literacies, especially that focused on writing, is concerned with disciplinary conventions and knowledges: conceptual, practical, and procedural. This paper argues, however, that academic literacies work tends to conflate literacy practices with disciplinary knowledge structures, thus obscuring the structures from which these practices emanate. This paper demonstrates how theoretical and analytical tools for conceptualizing disciplinary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Case Studies, Literacy, Intellectual Disciplines, Academic...
This article revisits a major paper published a decade ago by the political scientist Christopher Pollitt about the highly activist approach to the reform of public services taken in England in recent years. In education, the pace has accelerated since that paper appeared. The weaknesses of the current structures and processes resulting from this reforming zeal are enumerated. A particular focus is placed on the technocratic and market-oriented features of the current context, and their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Governance, Educational Administration, Educational Practices,...
This paper discusses feedback for developing L2 writing. It presents data from a serendipitous audio-recording of one L2 master's student's tutorial with her dissertation supervisor at a UK university, which is extracted from a 13-month linguistic ethnography. Following "academic literacies" scholars, I view the tutorial as a "literacy event" (Heath, 1982: 83), which, I argue, takes place in a "backstage" (Goffman, 1959) social learning space where student-teacher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discourse Analysis, Second Language Learning, Recall (Psychology), Self Concept,...
This article presents a review of extant research on student dropout in Norway, originally undertaken as part of a systematic review. The article contextualizes the foundational principle of equality as championed by the welfare state and identifies the significance of dropout in upper secondary education in Norway. The article then assesses whether dropout has been sufficiently addressed, by exploring dropout measures that have been implemented and evaluated. It is argued that although...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, High School Students, Secondary Education, Dropouts, Dropout Rate,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Danielle Annett begins this article by saying that, although the "Brown" decision was more than 60 years ago, communities remain largely segregated, prompting the latest in questionable desegregation attempts. Students are not failing within a strong and well-funded system; rather, an inequitably funded system is failing strong students. Annett argues that minoritized students have dealt time and time again with different forms of "isms" that shape and reshape who they are....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Racial Segregation, Educational Equity (Finance), Resource Allocation, Minority Group...
This research focuses on the assessment literacy, that is, the understandings of assessment terminologies and how they relate to each other, in academic staff developers in the UK, collected via questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Academic staff developers have been trained and certified to support new higher education lecturers in learning,teaching, and assessment practices, and provide continuing professional development for more experienced staff. Results showed inconsistent and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Beliefs, Vocabulary, Semi Structured Interviews, Questionnaires,...
This paper reports on a study that invited 187 16-18-year-old students in the United States to draw diagrams showing connections between their own lives and the past. Interviews were subsequently held with 26 study participants. The degree to which students made connections between their own lives and the past, and the various ways in which they integrated personal and historical narratives, are discussed, with three examples explored in detail. The ways in which interviewed students talked...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Adolescent Attitudes, Concept Mapping, Early...
This paper reports on a qualitative study investigating the experience and perspectives of students using English as an international language studying transdisciplinary master's degrees related to culture industries at Goldsmiths, University of London. The particular focus of this paper concerns their experiences of writing several different genres on their degree programmes, including a category of written assessment that, in keeping with the transdisciplinary project of opening up...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English for Academic Purposes, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
In recent years, the main concern of the Chinese Ministry of Education has been the quality of education. Principals are expected to play a key role in guiding the developmental direction of their schools, in guaranteeing the implementation of curriculum reform and in facilitating school-based teacher development. The aim of the study referred to in this article was to investigate the characteristics of principals' educational leadership through a case study of two secondary schools in Beijing....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Administration, Leadership, Case Studies, Secondary...
This article presents the results of a study that analyses students' historical narratives of the nation in relation to historical consciousness and how their sense of self-identification with groups affects their narrative structure and orientation. This study was conducted with French Canadian students registered in two high schools (n = 58) and one university (n = 18) in Ottawa, the federal capital of Canada. I found that a strong sense of identification leads young people to construct more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, French Canadians, Self Concept, Foreign Countries, Personal Narratives, History,...
Community colleges have embraced distance education as a means to provide increased flexibility and access to their large numbers of non-traditional students. Retention rates and student achievement measures alone may not reflect all of the benefits and opportunities that online learning, blended or hybrid learning, and technology enhanced learning may afford these students. Online learning resources should be viewed as a tremendous value added benefit for community college students, not only...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blended Learning, Online Courses, Community Colleges, College Students, Technology...
Undergraduate research for STEM students involves students who are attending college or universities pursuing a bachelor's degree, majoring in fields related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). Research experience for STEM undergraduates has been viewed as a positive experience that has several benefits such as developing intellectual mentality, enhancing teamwork skills and improving preparation for graduate study. In this paper, we provide an overview of HBCU-UP...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Student Experience, Student Research, Black Colleges, STEM...
In New Zealand and Japan, despite health education on food, exercise, and hygiene, children's health is an important concern in preschools. This study investigated the relationship between children's health and health education in New Zealand and Japan using a qualitative interpretative descriptive design method and semi-structured interviews with preschool teachers. Major children's health issues identified by preschool teachers in New Zealand were asthma, allergies, and dental hygiene....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Preschool Children, Child Health, Health...
Higher education in Asia is becoming more prominent according to Western higher education researchers, but it is also being influenced by globalization, resulting in two types of structural inequality in higher education. Organizational justice relates to positive developments of educational organizations. It refers to the sense of fairness and equality on aspects of organization policies and regulations relating to individual interests perceived by organizations' internal members. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Organizational Climate, Organizational Culture,...
Research addressing the effects of cohort size on student success in asynchronous online discussions is sparse. As such, the following study attempted to determine an optimal student cohort size to enhance success and engagement within online discussions in general education courses at a large post-secondary university consisting of predominately adult learners. Experimental courses split mandatory discussions into one, two, or three cohorts to maintain a discussion size of no more than ten...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Asynchronous Communication, Success, Cohort Analysis, Grouping (Instructional...
This article is a revision of a presentation made to participants attending Faculty Symposia on Internationalizing Courses at Albany State University (ASU) in 2016. It traces the evolution of efforts and dynamics of the faculty and administration since the 1980's to infuse internationalization into the academic disciplines at the campus. The Department of English spearheaded this effort through some University System of Georgia support, federal and state grants, the Association of Colleges and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, International Education, Grants, International Studies, Black Colleges, Institutional...
This article offers guidance to teacher educators who seek to internationalize courses or curriculum in higher education. Through reflective practice (Bolton, 2010), I describe my process for internationalizing an undergraduate course for pre-service teachers enrolled in an early childhood education program. The research question that guided this process is: how can I integrate global content into an undergraduate course for teacher education in the United States? My journey through course...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Educators, Teacher Education Programs, Preservice Teachers, Preservice...
This paper discusses how teachers explore teaching controversial issues in the Japanese language classroom to Japanese language learner (JLL) or culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students who have different cultural and political backgrounds. Assuring educational opportunities with consideration of JLLs' background is important especially in this globalized world. Students who spent several years in their home countries had missed the earlier part of the culture in the host countries,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Japanese, Second Language...
The purpose of this research, is to examine reading motivation of the primary 2, 3 and 4th grade students in the terms of gender, class and socioeconomic status. Research is structured according to model of survey in the descriptive type. In the collection, analysis and interpretation of the data "mix method". The sample consists of total of 769 students studying in the same province including class 2, 3 and 4 in three different schools. Research data is collected by scale of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Motivation, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4,...
This study examines the ways in which Korean immigrant mothers take up roles to position themselves while they engage in their children's education across a wide range of settings--academic, social, and linguistic. Data sources included interviews with four Korean mothers, home and community observations, and field notes. Positioning theory is a research approach that provides a useful analytic means for understanding positioning of Korean immigrant mothers as being parents of children with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Korean, Immigrants, Mothers, Children, Disabilities, Case Studies, Semi Structured...
This study aimed to try to understand the views and attitudes of classroom teachers concerning students with reading difficulties. Data was collected using the semi-structured interview technique, which is among the qualitative data collection techniques. The researcher prepared a semi-structured interview with 5 questions to be addressed to classroom teachers. The findings were assessed under the headings "determination of reading difficulties", "reasons for reading...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Difficulties, Teacher Attitudes, Semi Structured Interviews, Coping, Helping...
This study explores the pedagogical approaches to internationalizing World Literature and English Composition courses at Albany State University, a small HBCU in Albany, Georgia. This attempt to internationalize the World Literature curriculum introduces, adds, and (re)positions strategically multimedia texts, such as "My Mother the Crazy African," "The Tale of Sinuhe," "Egyptian Love Poems," and Black Orpheus that simultaneously highlight and counter the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, World Literature, Literature Appreciation, International Education,...
This study investigated effect of student- and school-level variables on mathematics achievement of fourth- and eighth-grade students using the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 data of Turkey. The common variables addressed in student and school questionnaires were compared. Due to nested structure of the TIMSS data, hierarchical linear modeling analysis was performed. According to findings of the study, for both grade levels, of all teacher-related variables,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Characteristics, Student Characteristics, Elementary...
This paper reports on the process by which the curriculum for the 16-week, one semester course, MUSC 2022, Ear Training and Sight Singing, was internationalized. Since the world is increasingly becoming a global village, I wanted students to expand their awareness of other countries, along with the music and history of those countries, through their musical skills and knowledge in this new course that I created. The purpose of internationalizing this course is that students will appreciate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Global Approach, Music Education, Singing, Cultural Awareness, Cross Cultural...
This survey study aims to determine the gender role perceptions of high school students regarding several professions. 724 female (56.9%) and 548 male (43.1%) formed the sample of a total of 1272 high school students. The "Gender Role Perceptions regarding Various Professions Questionnaire" was used to determine the gender role perceptions of high school students based on various professions. The findings demonstrated that high school students perceived the professions of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sex Role, High School Students, Questionnaires, Student Attitudes, Occupations,...
Though, Ethiopia registered an extraordinary achievement in terms of increasing student enrolment, still quality of education remains a challenge and is becoming a bottleneck. One of the problems might be the structure and nature of teacher education itself. The purpose of this study therefore was to critically examine the existing literature and policy documents and come up with effective as well as valuable modality of teacher education which will be workable in Ethiopian context. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Education, Educational Policy,...
This research project investigated how the development of an ePortfolio, combined with ePortfolio pedagogies, impacted the interview performance of undergraduate students as they prepared to enter the job market. Participants were students in the Health Sciences and Biosystems Engineering programs at Clemson University, enrolled in ePortfolio-developing capstone or internship classes in the 2014-2015 or 2015-2016 academic years. Participants were randomly assigned to complete mock interviews...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Portfolios (Background Materials), Electronic Publishing,...
Several decades of ePortfolio research confirm the power of the tool for helping students make meaning of varied curricular and personal experiences. For first-time users, however, the learning curve may be steep, and the gap between institutional or instructor goals and student experiences may be wide. Some studies suggest that students themselves may address this gap by taking a direct role in the implementation of ePortfolio as planners, sources of examples for others, or as peer reviewers....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Portfolios (Background Materials), Electronic Publishing, Student Role, Design,...