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Research has reported perceived barriers to care in military populations, but there have not been any studies to date that demonstrate the degree to which subjective barriers translate into lack of utilization. Moreover, studies of mental health service utilization have not examined patient beliefs and perceptions, instead focusing on characteristics such as race, gender, and socio-demographic variables. To our knowledge there have not been any systematic investigations into what soldiers...
Topics: DTIC Archive, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, *MEDICAL SERVICES, *MENTAL HEALTH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In Backwards Fading (BF), a learner is provided with an initial, complete demonstration of a multi-step task. In subsequent iterations, more and more of the later task steps are completed by the student. Thus, task performance shifts from the instructor to the student. BF can be understood as a systematic means of removing scaffolding across learning trials. Research indicates BF holds promise for effective/efficient training, but the utility of BF in Army settings and with Army tasks needs to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA, *TEACHING...
The practice of knowledge management (KM) continues to grow within the Department of Defense; however, while the other services have substantially matured in KM, the United States Marine Corps (USMC) has not. Most organizations today leverage information systems and technology to their advantage for increasing information and knowledge flow, and overall KM. The problem is that USMC units do not appear to be leveraging knowledge as effectively as they could, and as other services do, to address...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
The purpose of this analysis is to explore the application of commercial smartphone technology in the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) tactical environment. Based on our research and financial analysis, we conclude that the dual-use potential of smartphones makes their economics more attractive than the existing radios the USMC has available to it. Therefore, the business case for deploying sleeved smartphones in the tactical environment complements the military rationale for adopting this technology....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Bioinformatics Challenge Days were two one-day events sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and carried out by MIT Lincoln Laboratory in cooperation with Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC). These events explored the utility of a short-term hack day format for educating interested individuals in bioinformatics issues relevant to the Department of Defense. They also explored to what extent these events could spark innovation in a diverse technical community that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, it provides an information resource for development of a Combatant Command (COCOM)-focused Knowledge Management (KM) plan and implementation. Second, it gives an overview of KM in the operational part of the Department of Defense along with findings of KM program development at selected COCOMs. The results will serve as a basis for recommendation to the U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) in planning and development of a KM program.
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPACE AND NAVAL WARFARE SYSTEMS CENTER PACIFIC SAN DIEGO CA, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The federal government has mandated that agencies consolidate data centers in order to gain efficiencies and cost savings. It is a well-established fact that both public and private organizations have reported considerable cost savings from consolidating data centers; however, in the case of federal agencies, no established methodology for valuing the benefits has been delineated. Nevertheless, numerous federal policies mandate that investments in IT demonstrate a positive return on investment...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INVESTMENTS, DECISION MAKING, INFORMATION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Modeling human decision making in strategic problem domains is challenging with normative game theoretic approaches. Behavioral aspects of this type of decision making, such as forgetfulness or misattribution of reward, require additional parameters to capture their effect on decisions. We propose a descriptive model utilizing aspects of behavioral game theory, machine learning, and prospect theory that replicates the behavior of humans in uncertain strategic environments. We test the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GEORGIA UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION INC ATHENS, *BEHAVIOR, *GAME THEORY, DECISION...
There are very few tasks in the Army more important than developing effective, competent leaders. As a significant part of this effort, the Army provides Field Manual (FM) 6-22, which establishes leadership doctrine and fundamental principles to guide leaders at all levels. In support of this important objective, the manual offers a comprehensive framework for leadership that explicitly outlines the highly valued characteristics and competencies all leaders are expected to aspire to and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMBINED ARMS CENTER FORT LEAVENWORTH KS MILITARY REVIEW, *LEADERSHIP TRAINING,...
Following the Cold War, the Services sought to redefine themselves in the face of a future operating environment devoid of a singular threat. As this era unfolded the term expeditionary came to the forefront of each service culture and has increasingly dominated discussions over the past decade. The core competencies, capabilities, and conditions that should underpin expeditionary operations are not common across the services and are not codified by DoD policy, joint doctrine, or joint training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *JOINT MILITARY...
Numerous articles and books have recently appeared criticizing the current leadership of the Armed Services and their collective inability to think critically, to adapt, or to innovate quickly, as well as their lack of tactical, operational, or strategic agility. However, the services have not sat idle; their individual doctrines, educational institutions, and professional journals abound with the need to create more adaptive, agile, and thinking leaders, and have done so for quite some time....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COURSES(EDUCATION), *LEADERSHIP, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The final report of the Defense Science Board 2012 Summer Study on Technology and Innovation Enablers for Superiority in 2030 is attached. In accordance with its charter, the study reviewed emerging technologies that will enable the next generation of dominant military capabilities anticipated to be in development or fielded by 2030. The review was guided by the January 2012 military strategy guidance entitled Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense. This report...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *INVESTMENTS, *MILITARY EQUIPMENT, *SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Marine Corps logistics community fills multiple diverse billets integral to organizational success. This analysis explores enlisted and officer logistics military occupational specialties (MOSs) to determine if negative trends exist. Guiding resources are examined including the MOS Manual, training and readiness events, and promotion guidance and selection results. In all cases, findings demonstrate MOS role diffusion, duplicative responsibilities across multiple MOSs, lack of formal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT SCHOOLS CAMP JOHNSON NC, *LOGISTICS, *MARINE...