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Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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The study examines military training as a total system comprised of four major subsystems: Recruiting and AFEES, Recruit Training, Specialized Skill Training, and Unit Training. Internal and external influences were examined in terms of their affect on the system as a whole. The major recommendation concerns the establishment of an organization to improve the overall management of the training system. Specific training operations are also addressed, and recommendations presented. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rosenblum, Donald E, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY PERSONNEL,...
Partial Contents: Systems engineering -- The key to TQM (Total Quality Management); Program management the Air Force way; Are you Communicating effectively?; Exposed -- The real truth about estimating economic effects of competition; Total quality management reading list; Organizational communications. Keywords: Program management periodicals.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meadows, Roberts A, DEFENSE SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT COLL FORT BELVOIR VA, *MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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In 1981 The Chief of Staff of the Army decided to change the Army personnel management system in order to foster greater unit bonding, cohesion, self-confidence, and trust. The Army instituted the Unit Manning System (UMS) and its principle component, the COHORT (Cohesion, Operational Readiness, Training) unit replacement system. Its purpose was to reduce soldier turbulence by keeping soldiers together in the same unit for longer periods. The Army applied the new system in forming combat arms...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Scull, Kenneth C, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY TRAINING, *PERSONNEL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This study identified the physical demands of U.S. Navy Sea-Air-Land (SEAL) operations. SEALs were interviewed regarding missions conducted and an inventory of missions and mission segments performed was developed. Questionnaires were developed from the inventories once they were judged comprehensive and accurate. SEALs rated each task on difficulty, frequency performed, and importance to mission success. For each task, scores were summed to obtain a 'composite' score. The composite score...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Prusaczyk, W. K., NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, *MILITARY OPERATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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Currently, there exist dozens of notations and techniques for the specification of software-level and system-level requirements. While there are unique aspects to every requirements notation and technique that make it appropriate for a particular use, there are also areas of commonality between them. To address the proliferation, a requirements model has been developed that singularly expresses the elements in multiple requirements notations and techniques. The objective of this model of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jordan, Kathleen A, TELOS CORP SHREWSBURY NJ, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS, *PROTOTYPES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This document contains abstracts and bibliographic references for various Arroyo center reports.
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *ARMY RESEARCH, *BIBLIOGRAPHIES, *ARMY...
Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S Army has largely been operating in a come as you are format, responding to one major regional war and a series of crises around the world with equipment and doctrine optimized for that earlier Cold War era. In some sense, the momentum of the acquisition process is now resulting in a mismatch of capability with respect to emerging needs. Although one perception is that the Army now has more combat capability than it may need, which may result in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Matsumura, John, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *COMBAT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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The research note contains a literature review of research on the transfer of training; it is intended for use by educational researchers and psychologists. The note includes information and comments on the relevance of transfer of training to what it labels as Army XXI environments, i.e., environments that might be found in the Army in the future and similar to those in what have been called the digital force and the objective force. The note presents different conceptualizations and measures...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Auffrey, Allison L, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES...
Mentoring is a relatively long-term relationship between an older and a younger adult where the senior member of the relationship plays a major role in shaping and molding the younger member in his or her professional career. Previous research in the private sector indicated that a majority of the senior executives of major United States corporations had mentors who helped them in their careers. This research surveyed the students at College to determine the prevalence of mentoring among high...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Uecker, M. E., AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The challenges and risks to US ground forces in the contemporary operational environment (COE), particularly with respect to Irregular Warfare, are well known. It is believed that virtual simulation, with proven effectiveness in training Airmen and Sailors, can improve the safety and effectiveness of Marines and Soldiers by aiding them in developing complex and intuitive decision skills under conditions of stress. Additionally, the phenomenon of strategic compression, pushing responsibility for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE ARLINGTON VA, *COMBAT SIMULATION, *TRAINING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This study reviews the history, evolution and sources of accepted warrior norms, behaviors and values as they exist in today's Army. This is set against sociological, legislated and evolutionary developments that have lead to the perception of a kinder, gentler Army. The research intends to determine if natural evolution has occurred in support of U.S. national interests or if, in fact, today's Army is less able to meet warfighting and other directed requirements due to a softening of training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kienle, Frederick R, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY...
Detailed planning of complicated and multifaceted operations, often in crisis situations, is a way of life for the military. During crisis action planning, diverse staff elements must agree on a number of details for a successful plan to come together. As part of that process, staff elements must work together to assess the mission, evaluate the threat, review the forces available, and provide reasonable courses of action for the commander. Staff elements must complete several reports and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carter, Stuart, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose and use of two worksheets designed for collection and analysis of probability forecast data is explained. Instructions for use of HP-97 computer software for computing Brier Score and related statistics are also provided.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bachman,Robert G, WEATHER WING (2ND) APO NEW YORK 09012, *Weather forecasting,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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In order to address the needs of tomorrow s National Airspace System (NAS) users, the Federal Government is implementing the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). The success of NextGen will rely, in part, on the ability to provide the right information to the users that need it, when they need it. NextGen is implementing a net-centric environment to ensure that relevant, accurate, timely, and well-understood information is available to any authorized consumer and irrelevant...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *AIR TRANSPORTATION,...
It is U.S. policy that medical and personnel information systems be designed, integrated, and utilized with military medical surveillance to protect the physical and mental health of Service members throughout their military service. Within the last several years, new applications of information technology have vastly expanded the military's capabilities for surveillance, and these technologies are now starting to move out of hospitals and other fixed facilities into forward-deployed settings....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Martinez-Lopez, Lester, ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND MATERIEL COMMAND FORT DETRICK MD,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The current military force structure, and subsequently the Department of Defense, requires a significant change. This monograph reveals, thru the lens of Colonel John Boyd and Doctor Joe Strange, a critical vulnerability and the lack of capabilities of the current joint force structure. The focus of this monograph is to highlight the problem. Additionally, a unique solution for organizational change, not previously debated, is provided. It advocates the creation of a new, capstone service,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Teister, Keith J, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
In the early morning hours of 20 April 2004, the 64th Expeditionary Rescue Squadron (ERQS), operating from a base inside Iraq, launched two HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopters to rescue the five-man crew of a US Army CH-47 Chinook helicopter reported shot down in the vicinity of Baqubah, Iraq. The mission went smoothly, with the combat search and rescue (CSAR) crew members and parares- cue specialists (PJs, formerly pararescue jumpers) conducting the operation exactly as they had trained. This CSAR...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DePalo, Lee K, AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, *RECONNAISSANCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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The past 15 years have seen important advances in the understanding of behavioral decision processes. Despite these advances there has been surprisingly little attention paid to the training of decision makers. This report provides a summary of a conference held in July 1976 in Eugene, Oregon to evaluate the state of knowledge regarding the training of decision makers, identify important research questions and recommend directions for future research. The report provides both a brief review of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Goodman ,Barbara, OREGON RESEARCH INST EUGENE, *ARMY TRAINING, DECISION MAKING,...
This research identified the psychological types of government and industry contract negotiators and determined whether their preference for using negotiation tactics and strategies were correlated with their respective psychological types. A survey consisting of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and a questionnaire concerning use of negotiation tactics and strategies was mailed to 2,000 contracting professionals of the National Contract Management Association (NCMA). During May and June...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hebert, John P, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This study is an historical analysis of combined special operations units in the European Theater during World War II. The study examines the Dieppe Raid Force, the First Special Service Force, and the Jedburghs to determine common strengths and weaknesses in organization, training, command and control, and effectiveness. The study also analyzes the adequacy of current United States combined and special operations doctrine based on the results of the historical analysis. The study concludes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nixon, James C, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *JOINT...
This document summarizes research in CORTES, a project in constraint-based planning, scheduling, and control for complex large-scale domains such as military transportation and manufacturing. The CORTES approach keeps the planning/scheduling combinatories in check, using quantitative problem space metrics called texture measures to: (1) identify critical decisions that require early attention; and (2) steer search toward promising solutions. This basic approach has been applied and validated in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Muscettola, Nicola, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA, *PRODUCTION CONTROL,...
This report presents an annotated bibliography of reports generated by projects funded by the DoD, pertaining to the subject of psychological stress (studies in which the emphasis was on physiology were excluded). The 356 entries are arranged chronologically by year. There is a brief discussion of the extent and focus of DoD interest in the subject of stress, and an index to reports based on a content classification. Current on-going Work Units are annotated in a separate section. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lester,James T, OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH BOSTON MASS, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY),...
Joint and service doctrine clearly defines supporting, supported, and subordinate command relationships. Recent operations, however, exhibit confusion at the staff officer level regarding these command relationships. The confusion manifests itself in more than a simple misunderstanding of terminology, particularly when air forces are employed as part of a joint operation. Instead, joint staff officers mistake airpower s common role as a supporting force for one of subordination. The difference...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, *AIR POWER, *JOINT...
The dismounted soldier of the future will be 'loaded' with more information processing tasks while he performs shooting tasks. It is conceivable that in the future, some increased level of cognitive tasking may be performed simultaneously with shooting tasks. The effect of shooting under cognitive load has not been studied to date. It is imperative that the soldier not be overburdened mentally because that would result in decreased soldier survivability and lethality. This study was performed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Scribner, David R, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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Leadership succession in an organization as complex as the military is a continuous and difficult challenge. Survival of units on future battlefields depends on how well their members respond to rapid changes in leadership. Sociologists provide an interesting perspective regarding this phenomenon at the organizational and primary group levels. Empirical studies of the military organizations are limited and, therefore, prohibit a comprehensive analysis. Findings from succession studies of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LaPorte, Leon J, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *LEADERSHIP, *REPLACEMENT,...
This thesis examines the emerging field of work encompassed by the term 'Digital Library,' and offers a plan for developing a Naval Service Digital Library. The amount of data and processing capabilities, available via networking technology, already defies description and continues to grow daily. As access to electronic resources and their diversity increase, a void in electronic Information Management principles and technologies has been uncovered. Participants in the global Digital Library...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Norris, Robert E., NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DIGITAL SYSTEMS, *GLOBAL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Modeling human decision making in strategic problem domains is challenging with normative game theoretic approaches. Behavioral aspects of this type of decision making, such as forgetfulness or misattribution of reward, require additional parameters to capture their effect on decisions. We propose a descriptive model utilizing aspects of behavioral game theory, machine learning, and prospect theory that replicates the behavior of humans in uncertain strategic environments. We test the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GEORGIA UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION INC ATHENS, *BEHAVIOR, *GAME THEORY, DECISION...
A literature review and annotated bibliography were compelled to provide an introduction to the three Infantry weapon systems (M16A1 Rifle, TOW, and DRAGON antitank guided missiles), considering the three subsystems (training criteria, training content, and trainee selection) within each system's training course. Two hundred sixty-six documents were identified and abstracted: of these, one hundred five are variously cited in the review narrative. The review describes and discusses the hardware,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smillie, Robert J., LITTON MELLONICS SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT DIV FORT BENNING GA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The U.S. Marine Corps logistics community fills multiple diverse billets integral to organizational success. This analysis explores enlisted and officer logistics military occupational specialties (MOSs) to determine if negative trends exist. Guiding resources are examined including the MOS Manual, training and readiness events, and promotion guidance and selection results. In all cases, findings demonstrate MOS role diffusion, duplicative responsibilities across multiple MOSs, lack of formal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT SCHOOLS CAMP JOHNSON NC, *LOGISTICS, *MARINE...
Research was conducted on intelligent interfaces for exploring and visualizing large amounts of diverse information for supporting the decision-making process. This research combined technical approaches for automatically generating visualizations of information with an approach to human-computer interaction that developed interactive techniques for performing data manipulation tasks with these visualizations. The important results of this research project include: the development of multiple...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Roth, Steven F., CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA ROBOTICS INST, *COMPUTER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This monograph argues that tactical disruption is an operational concept which will lead to superior friendly combat power at the decisive point. The monograph first examines the military theorists and thinkers from which tactical disruption has grown, in order to understand the theoretical framework it operates within. The author argues that the opposing commander's decision cycle is the ultimate target of disruption operations. An historical example is used to demonstrate tactical disruption,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Finehout, Arthur W, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This report describes a job analysis of U.S. Army Special Forces (SF) jobs. The overall goal of the project was to gather information that will aid in the development of new SF performance measures. This goal required two types of information-the individual attributes requisite to SF performance and the field performance of SF jobs. The research involved five major steps: (1) development of workshop materials and logistics, (2) administration of workshops to collect critical incidents and task...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Russell, Teresa L., HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *SPECIAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This study investigates the degree to which conventional infantry battalions (light, mechanized, airborne, and air assault) are conducting realistic home-station unit training to prepare soldiers to face a willing and able foe. The study analyzes training based largely upon three criteria developed from extensive literature review and analysis: (1) cognitive mental stressors (uncertainty, ambiguity, information overload/deprivation, and so forth), (2) environmental physical stressors (sights,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Larsen, James C., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY...
During the past decade, the U.S. military has supported continuous deployments of forces around the world, often on very short notice and for prolonged duration, to meet the needs of a wide range of peacekeeping and humanitarian missions or major contingency operations. The pattern of varied and fast-breaking regional crises appears to be the model for the foreseeable future and has prompted the United States to reassess how it prepares, maintains, and employs its military forces. In response...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mills, Patrick, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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Battlemind is a Soldier's inner strength to face fear and adversity in combat with courage. The predeployment Battlemind training program is designed to build Soldier resiliency by developing his/her self-confidence and mental toughness. The training focuses on Soldier strengths, identifying specific actions that Soldiers and leaders can engage in to meet the challenges of combat. The pre-deployment training consists of unique modules for Soldiers, leaders, reservists, and families. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Castro, Carl A, WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH SILVER SPRING MD DEPT OF MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Virginia Tech Shootings, and Hurricane Katrina are examples of intense situations that appear to be increasingly commonplace. This type of event seems to be occurring with much greater frequency than before. How city officials, military officers, and emergency responders lead in extreme situations is an important area of study. The central aim of this project is to uncover the key leadership behaviors and competencies necessary for managers and leaders...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Crosby, Robert, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CRISIS MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This study includes (1) a description of the various types of small arms tests, the agencies responsible for ordering, planning, and conducting them, and an assessment of the test management structure, (2) a description of the basic steps in designing, conducting, and analyzing operational tests (Field experiments) of small arms, with the 1965-1966 small arms test at CDEC presented as a case study, and (3) an evaluation of the conduct of current small arms testing and the facilities and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INTREC INC SANTA MONICA CA, *FIRING TESTS(ORDNANCE), *SMALL ARMS, ACCEPTANCE TESTS,...
This thesis studied three critical parameters which significantly influence the effectiveness of individual combat skills training. This training must replicate the parameters expected to be encountered in any 'real world' situation. The closer the leader comes to creating these conditions, the more realistic the training. Realism is enhanced the more it involves the actual stresses of battle. Safety regulations also play an important role as the leader develops realistic training. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Romans, Charles A , Jr, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS,...
A Short History of War offers the reader a brief, but relatively comprehensive overview of the forces that have shaped the development of armies, weapons, and war throughout the ages. Its broad thematic approach conveys that sens of historical context within which soldiers have had to act over the millennia. The reader will immediately recognize that there is little ne the current debates over force structure, weapons, tactics, and operational skills that has not gone before. The reader will...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gabriel, Richard A, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES...
This research memorandum is the third in a set of five volumes addressing the Marine Corps active and reserve force structure and mix study. In this volume, we develop an inclusive set of options that arc analyzed in detail in volume IV. We also make detailed estimates of the post-mobilization training time needed by reserve units.... Active duty, Combat readiness, Manpower utilization, Marine Corps personnel, Marine Corps planning, Marine Corps training, Military force levels, Military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sims, William H, CENTER FOR NAVAL ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *COMBAT READINESS, *MARINE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A small but critical portion of the Total Force is made up of the special operations forces (SOF) of the Army, Navy and Air Force, which are comprised of special operations, psychological operations and civil affairs organizations. Special operations forces are task organized to conduct contingency operations. Special operations force are designed to augment theater-based force and, in response to a crisis situation, normally operate with an appropriate mix of conventional forces under theater...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAMHOUSTON TX, *MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, *MILITARY...
In response to the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, the President, as Commander-in-Chief and as authorized by congress in a Joint Resolution 23, ordered our armed forces into combat to Afghanistan in order to defeat the al-Qaeda terror organization and the repressive Taliban regime that harbored them. The President wanted to execute this war in an unconventional manner. He turned to the experts in unconventional warfare, the Army Special Forces and tasked them to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fox, David G, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY TRAINING, *SPECIAL...
Potential U.S. allies in counterinsurgencies linked to al-Qaida frequently suffer from four types of problems: illegitimate and repressive regimes; civilian-military tension manifested by fears of a coup; economic backwardness; and discriminatory societies. Because of these problems, allies often stray far from the counterinsurgency (COIN) ideal, both militarily and politically. Their security service culture often is characterized by poor intelligence; a lack of initiative; little integration...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Byman, Daniel, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEVELOPING...
The Army's and Marine Corps' major training facilities -- Army and Marine Corps combat training centers and Army mobilization training centers -- have focused on training units for counterinsurgency missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. As troop levels decrease in Iraq and increase in Afghanistan, larger numbers of forces will be training for Afghanistan. To meet future requirements, the services plan to adjust training to train forces on a fuller range of missions. The House report to the National...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *ARMY TRAINING, *MILITARY...
A program evaluation was conducted at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri to determine the effectiveness of athletic trainers (ATs) and musculoskeletal action teams (MATs) for reducing injuries, reducing medical attrition, and improving physical fitness. The MAT consisted of a physical therapist, physical therapy technician, two ATs, and two certified strength and conditioning specialists. The evaluation involved two groups (MAT & AT), two phases or periods (baseline (B) & intervention (I)),...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *ARMY PERSONNEL,...
Numerous articles and books have recently appeared criticizing the current leadership of the Armed Services and their collective inability to think critically, to adapt, or to innovate quickly, as well as their lack of tactical, operational, or strategic agility. However, the services have not sat idle; their individual doctrines, educational institutions, and professional journals abound with the need to create more adaptive, agile, and thinking leaders, and have done so for quite some time....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COURSES(EDUCATION), *LEADERSHIP, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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The Bioinformatics Challenge Days were two one-day events sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and carried out by MIT Lincoln Laboratory in cooperation with Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC). These events explored the utility of a short-term hack day format for educating interested individuals in bioinformatics issues relevant to the Department of Defense. They also explored to what extent these events could spark innovation in a diverse technical community that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This monograph explores the often-used phrase No more Task Force Smiths. This catchphrase is used to express a desire to avoid the perceived mistakes that lead to the defeat of Task Force Smith during the Korean War, July 1950. It deployed and was decimated by the North Korean advance. The defeat has generally been blamed on poor training, poor leadership and poor equipment The real cause for the failure, however, has been ignored. Task Force Smith was deployed to the Korean Theater without any...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Garrett, John, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
The current U.S. Air Force vision of it's future is the Expeditionary Aerospace Force (EAF) with the ability to rapidly deploy anywhere in the world in hours and days to meet taskings provided by the National Command Authorities. Although the Air Force has always had this mindset, the drastic overseas force drawdown after the end of the cold war and an expanding role in supporting small contingencies around the world has made rapid deployment more important than at any other time in Air Force...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Grunch, Russell R, AIR FORCE FELLOWS PROGRAM MAXWELL AFB AL, *AIR FORCE, *COMBAT...
United States Marines will continue to face enormous challenges in responding to crises across a wide spectrum of conflicts ranging from Humanitarian assistance to war. Although the Marine Corps trains successfully for war at the high end of the spectrum, it needs to improve on its preparations for military operations other than war (MOOTW). Many leaders fear that the nontraditional roles that these operations require marines to take will degrade their ability to perform their primary...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bohm, Jason Q, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *COMBAT READINESS,...
In the 1920s and 1930s, the individual services of the United States took difference paths. The maritime services used war gaming and red teaming at the Naval War College to prepare for future conflict. One result was the creation of carrier doctrine, accomplished before the Navy had a single operational aircraft carrier. The Army (and Army Air Corps) also placed considerable emphasis on professional military education, but there was a less coherent focus on transformation, innovation, and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Murray, Williamson, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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This publication, Vignettes of Military History, is the compendium of a series of individual papers started in 1974, which were published by the staff of the Military History Research Collection. The intent of the series is to show brief glimpses of the human side of military history to the soldier and civilian. The vignettes are meant to alert the reader to the rich texture of military history. Great commanders and men in the ranks, American and foreign, in war and peace, in modern times and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sommers, Richard J, ARMY MILITARY HISTORY RESEARCH COLLECTION CARLISLE BARRACKS PA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Over the past couple of years, the joint terminal attack controller (JTAC) has become a pivotal military occupational specialty (MOS). From distributed operations (DO) in Afghanistan to Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company (ANGLICO) supporting Iraqi Army, U.S. Army, Naval Special Warfare, and Marine Reconnaissance units, JTAC's synchronize, apply, and link the aviation combat element (ACE) and the ground combat element (GCE). Combined arms, all fire support assets to include aviation delivered...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT, *MILITARY...
A study was conducted to examine various aspects of Distance Learning (DL) applications currently under review by the Marine Corps, and determine whether these programs, if initiated, provide a positive Return on Investment (ROI). The objective was to determine how DL applications may be applied in the most advantageous manner, to increase the overall efficiency of current training programs from both a monetary and quality perspective. Specifically, DL applications were evaluated for pertinence...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Clark, Jamie E, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MARINE CORPS TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
- Defense Technical Information Center
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As an important part of the Future Force Warrior (FFW) program, the Analysis and Experimentation Team (A&ET) performs Systems of Systems (SoS) modeling, closed-loop simulation, Soldier in the Loop (SITL) simulation, virtual simulation, and live experimentation analyses. Within the A&ET, the Analysis Team is directly responsible for these SoS efforts short of live experimentation and demonstrations. The analysis efforts must be integrated into a larger A&ET strategy that supports FFW...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Schamburg, Jeffrey B, MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY DEPT OF SYSTEM ENGINEERING,...
An ever-increasing number of military personnel and civilians alike must work daily without adequate sleep. Although considerable data show that sleep deprivation alters many aspects of behavior, little is known about changes in the brain substrate underlying the behavioral effects, and even less is known about the cerebral effects of recovery sleep. The overarching objective of this study is to investigate the effects of 2 full nights of sleep loss (66 hours total) and 2 full nights of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Drummond, Sean P, VETERANS MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION SAN DIEGO CA, *RECOVERY,...
In the latter half of this decade, the U.S. Army has been engaged in persistent asymmetric warfare. During this period, army organizations have varied in the degree to which they have innovated doctrinally and technologically to confront this new reality. At the broadest level, the army has innovated considerably. However, at the combat brigade level, we observe variation across medical and logistics units, critical for providing support for combat operations. This thesis explains this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ARMY PLANNING, *MILITARY MEDICINE, ARMY...
The decisionmaking process is affected by two distinct sides. The first is a factual, logical process which will produce a result completely void of human emotion. The second is an emotional, psychological process which although affected by logic and fact, causes occasional erratic, irrational behavior on decisions. This thesis examines both sides of this decisionmaking process but attempts to offer recommendations on only the logical, factual portion. Emotion and psychological factors have an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Duncan ,Frank E, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KANS, *DECISION...
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This study identifies measures that can be taken by commanders to minimize the occurrence and impact of battlefield stress before and during combat. This is achieved through an examination of the writings of the classic military philosophers, articles on combat stress in the major military engagements of this century, and the conclusions of clinical studies on combat stress on the battlefield are identified and discussed. A bridge from the past to the future is made by examining those...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Flora, Dale B., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *WARFARE,...
The task force concludes that pursuant to some changes the Journal of Defense Research (JDR) should be continued. The JDR is 'mission essential' as a classified research tool: is not duplicated by available source as DTIC; and does not present an unacceptable security risk. With respect to security issues and concerns about duplication with the DTIC data bases, our findings are base upon recommendations made to the task force by the Deputy Administrator, DTIC; and the Principal Director,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *PERIODICALS, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *DEFENSE...
This report was prepared by the Defense Science Board(DSB) Task Force on Military Operations in Built up Areas (MOBA). The purpose of the Task Force was to determine the current capabilities of the Department of Defense to conduct military operations in built up areas and to assess the future needs of the Department to perform this function. The report focuses upon modernization initiatives that would produce high leverage in terms of U.S. military forces to conduct military operations in these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY PLANNING, *CIVIL AFFAIRS, *LOW...
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Since the creation of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), Special Operations Forces (SOF) personnel have been working hard to tear down the walls of secrecy which have led to years of misunderstanding between conventional and special operations forces. Both USSOCOM and the Services are actively integrating SOF curriculum into the Service's professional military education schools to educate future military leaders on the role of SOF across the range of military operations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gottlieb, Aryea, DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY OPERATIONS,...
This work is in support of a multi-year project to evaluate people-centered aspects of computer-based training (CBT) or technology assisted instruction. The core component of the work will be developing a longitudinal database that will include individual difference measures of non-cognitive characteristics (e.g., personality, temperament, interests) of students, student engagement and satisfaction with instruction, student outcomes, and early job satisfaction and performance. This report is a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH STUDIES AND TECHNOLOGY MILLINGTON TN, *NAVAL PERSONNEL,...
Research has reported perceived barriers to care in military populations, but there have not been any studies to date that demonstrate the degree to which subjective barriers translate into lack of utilization. Moreover, studies of mental health service utilization have not examined patient beliefs and perceptions, instead focusing on characteristics such as race, gender, and socio-demographic variables. To our knowledge there have not been any systematic investigations into what soldiers...
Topics: DTIC Archive, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, *MEDICAL SERVICES, *MENTAL HEALTH,...
In 1976-77, a study of race relations/equal opportunity education and training in the Army was undertaken. One conclusion of that study was that a comprehensive model should be developed which would bring a systematic structure to all EO education and training being conducted for Army members. The present study attempts to do that. Volume I describes the three major components of the model, Individual EO Training in Army Schools, Unit EO Training, and EO Training for Unit Supervisors, Leaders...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brown, Dale K, HUMAN SCIENCES RESEARCH INC MCLEAN VA, *ARMY TRAINING, *RACE...
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High-speed computer networks are vital to biomedical research yet the infrastructure supporting network connectivity remains unevenly distributed. This workshop joined together biomedical researchers networking experts and computer scientists (Appendices I and 2) to identify key challenges to improving network connectivity and utilization across a broad spectrum of users including those with access to cutting-edge networks and those with little or no connectivity. A draft white paper developed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McGill, Michael, INTERNET2 ANN ARBOR MI, *COMPUTER NETWORKS, *MEDICAL RESEARCH,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LITTLE (ARTHUR D) INC CAMBRIDGE MA, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *NAVAL RESEARCH, *SCIENTIFIC...
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This paper reviews some of what is known about leadership, focusing on the data collected about the nature of managerial work. These findings point to the unrelenting pace and capricious, fragmented, and oral nature of the job. Three dimensions are presented as useful in understanding managerial performance: complexity/simplicity, use of structures, and use of power. A way to study leaders is to simulate the variety of stimuli confronting them and observe how their activities relate to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lombardo, Michael M, CENTER FOR CREATIVE LEADERSHIP GREENSBORO NC, *LEADERSHIP,...
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This document is one of a family of educational acquisition management guides written from a Department perspective; e.g., non-service peculiar. These are intended primarily for use in the courses offered by the Defense Systems Management College and secondarily as desk references for DoD acquisition Managers. This family of guides consists of: (1) Integrated Logistics Support Guide, (2) Mission Critical Computer Resources Management Guide, (3) Test and Evaluation Management Guide, (4) Risk...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kockler, F, DEFENSE SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT COLL FORT BELVOIR VA, *LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT,...
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A review of Army leadership doctrine exposes a disconnect. Army doctrine states that development of the 'warrior spirit' in soldiers, leaders, and organizations is vital to the Army's success. However, the Army does not have a uniform definition for the term warrior spirit in its leadership doctrine. This monograph defines and discusses techniques that a tactical level leader can use to foster the development of a 'warrior spirit' in his unit. The monograph fulfills the requirements discussed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson, Robert C., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
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The state of U.S. military forces today is being most directly influenced by two competing pressures: The post-Cold War defense drawdown and the expanding demands of manpower intensive peacekeeping and humanitarian operations known collectively as "operations other than war". These pressures are having a significant impact on the readiness of U.S. military forces and are placing at risk the decisive military edge that this nation enjoyed at the end of the Cold War - an edge that was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Spence, Floyd D., COMMITTEE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY WASHINGTON DC, *COMBAT READINESS,...
The military, along with private industry, is relying more on small teams of specialized individuals who work together to achieve a common goal. Examples of these teams include emergency medical teams, aircrews, decision-making teams, industrial project teams, Special Forces teams, weapon system crews and everyday work teams. Training and military doctrine has been evolving to reflect this emphasis on teamwork. The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to review literature published over...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LaJoie, Andrew S, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT KNOX...
Collection and analysis of foreign intelligence is, and will continue to be, a vital component of U.S. national security strategy. However, there is significant debate regarding whether our existing intelligence apparatus can sufficiently transform itself to meet the demands of the 21st century. The Department of Defense (DoD) has a vested interest in this debate - both as a customer and as a major supplier - because the goals of the National Military Strategy cannot be achieved in the absence...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Latham, Donald, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY INTELLIGENCE,...
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The lack of cross-component mentoring can effect AC/RC integration. Both the Active Component and the Reserve Components have an inherent responsibility to the military profession continued AC/RC integration and mentor across their respective components. The use of reserve forces to sustain combat operations has always been a natural strength of our military power that began with local militia and reserves that assisted General George Washington during the Revolutionary War. Both components...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Torres, Richard, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY RESERVES,...
A society intent upon maintaining high productivity levels 24 hours per day, and on providing a variety of services around the clock, produced occupations and circumstances requiring prolonged, continuous work periods. The performance of workers under conditions of sustained or continuous work has become an important topic in industrial psychology, and in particular, in the military services. There are some traditional jobs, circumstances, and even some new occupations that involve prolonged,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Krueger, Gerald P, ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN),...