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Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The overall goal of the Stanford Digital Library project is to provide an infrastructure that affords interoperability among heterogeneous, autonomous digital library services. These services include both search services and remotely usable information processing facilities. In this paper, we survey and categorize the metadata required for a diverse set of Stanford Digital Library services that we have built. We then propose an extensible metadata architecture that meets these requirements. Our...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STANFORD UNIV CA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, *METADATA, DIGITAL SYSTEMS, HETEROGENEITY,...
Research has reported perceived barriers to care in military populations, but there have not been any studies to date that demonstrate the degree to which subjective barriers translate into lack of utilization. Moreover, studies of mental health service utilization have not examined patient beliefs and perceptions, instead focusing on characteristics such as race, gender, and socio-demographic variables. To our knowledge there have not been any systematic investigations into what soldiers...
Topics: DTIC Archive, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, *MEDICAL SERVICES, *MENTAL HEALTH,...
Reducing U.S. forces? battlefield mortality is a paramount concern. Methods to more accurately forecast medical needs, for example by tactical medical logistics modeling and simulation, are constantly being developed. The Naval Health Research Center's (NHRC) Tactical Medical Logistics (TML+) simulation tool continues to gain respect in the planning community. However, further testing and improvement is needed to confirm or strengthen its capabilities to deliver accurate and useful information...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, *TRAUMA, *DATA BASES, *IRAQI WAR, *MEDICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Introduction The CERP project aims to create a systems-based model for describing and evaluating resilience, with the expert input of a diverse group of scientists who help to identify metrics and create a testable model of resilience such that it can be applied to the evaluation of resilience, health and fitness in military populations. The specific aims of CERP are to: 1) Review and identify key domains for systems based assessment of health and fitness with particular relevance to military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SAMUELI INST ALEXANDRIA VA, *MEDICAL RESEARCH, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *VETERANS(MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The analysis of the dynamics and the state of a wide interdisciplinary field such as library and information science (digital library including) presents various difficulties. It can be conducted from a number of viewpoints: phenomenological or historical, technological or sociological, futuristic or traditional, etc.; each of which is colored by different levels of optimism or pessimism of the respective researcher. Nevertheless, regardless of the scientific approach, the result of any study...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Krastev, Dincho, BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES SOFIA, *DIGITAL SYSTEMS, *LIBRARIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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High-speed computer networks are vital to biomedical research yet the infrastructure supporting network connectivity remains unevenly distributed. This workshop joined together biomedical researchers networking experts and computer scientists (Appendices I and 2) to identify key challenges to improving network connectivity and utilization across a broad spectrum of users including those with access to cutting-edge networks and those with little or no connectivity. A draft white paper developed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McGill, Michael, INTERNET2 ANN ARBOR MI, *COMPUTER NETWORKS, *MEDICAL RESEARCH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The purpose of this guide is to create a quick reference to Institutional Review Board (IRB) submission for Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) students. The challenge that most students face who are interested in doing research at ACSC is that there is no on-site IRB. In order to submit an IRB for research consideration, there are many factors that will need to be considered. These include determining whether human research will be conducted, if an expedited review can be submitted,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, STUDENTS, HUMANS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report documents research performed to evaluate the feasibility of using spatial and psychomotor tests developed for Project A for predicting engagement of aerial targets by two Air Defense Military Occupational Specialties. Data were collected from 26 16P (Chaparral) personnel and 75 16S (Stinger) personnel in their last week of advanced individual training at Fort Bliss. Predictor tests were administered nearly concurrently with criterion data collection in the Realistic Air Defense...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gast, Ilene F, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA...
Personnel must consider the effect of the noises their activities produce. Understanding and predicting how people react to such common military noise as gunfire or explosive blasts is important, since nearby civilian populations and their opinions of military operations can affect future military operations and facility expansions. The problem this report addresses is determining those factors which are the best predictors of whether someone will be annoyed by noise. To better select the most...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the era of technology globalization, the DoD laboratories and engineering and warfare centers (the Labs) continue to fulfill vital missions on behalf of the warfighter. The Labs traditional missions are defined as high quality science, technology transition, and smart acquisition. While these missions remain important and relevant, the rapidly changing technology and threat landscapes dictate the Labs should also adapt their missions to continue serving the warfighter; this includes an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Defense Science Board Washington United States, department of defense, test and...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Researchers in the area of Decision Support Systems (DSS) have focused for years on development of a single methodology for the development of DSS. Recent literature in this area suggests there is no single accepted definition or set of characteristics for all DSS; decision features vary with every situation; and DSS development should be based on the salient characteristics of a decision situation and the environment in which it exists. This thesis proposes a broad approach, recognizing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Foote, Marcus G, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SYSTEMS ENGINEERING,...
As the U.S. Army transitions its training strategy to meet the goals of the Army Learning Model (ALM), there will be a commitment to leverage mobile devices for Soldier training and education. The ease of this transition will be determined, in part, by the extent to which Soldiers are already familiar with mobile devices, use them in their daily lives, and their willingness to incorporate them into their professional lives. This paper reports findings on mobile device ownership, usage, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA, *ARMY...
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JOINT FORCES COMMAND MISSION: The United States Joint Forces command provides mission ready Joint Capable forces and supports the development and integration of Joint, Interagency, and Multinational capabilities to meet the present and future operational needs of the Joint Force.
Topics: DTIC Archive, UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND NORFOLK VA, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, SYMPOSIA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In Backwards Fading (BF), a learner is provided with an initial, complete demonstration of a multi-step task. In subsequent iterations, more and more of the later task steps are completed by the student. Thus, task performance shifts from the instructor to the student. BF can be understood as a systematic means of removing scaffolding across learning trials. Research indicates BF holds promise for effective/efficient training, but the utility of BF in Army settings and with Army tasks needs to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA, *TEACHING...
DOMAIN and MISSION. Joint Fires Definition: Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective (Joint Publication 3-0). Observation: This occurs down to the foxhole across the range of military operations. JFIIT MISSION: Improve the integration, interoperability, and effectiveness of Joint fires, focused at the tactical level.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Parker, Joel, JOINT FIRES INTEGRATION AND INTEROPERABILITY TEAM EGLIN AFB FL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis examines four periods of the U.S. Navy s history, each following a major conflict that perpetuated a decline in institutional and strategic focus, and then ending in a rebirth of innovation. The object is to place the events drove the Navy toward stagnation into historical context and identify similarities between the cycles of stagnation and innovation. The central questions this thesis seeks to answer are: (1) Do shrinking budgets and austerity perpetuate stagnation? (2) What are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *NAVY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Each year the United States Marine Corps suffers excessive loss of man years from Marines awaiting entry-level schools. During fiscal year 2001 (the most recent complete time-awaiting-training data), Marines exceeded 2,800 man years of time awaiting training. Non-infantry personnel comprise 80% of the more than 30,000 recruits shipped to Marine Corps Recruit Depots each year, but they constitute almost 95% of the 2,800 man-year loss. Marine Corps manpower planners consider the current level of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Detar, Paul J, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *LINEAR PROGRAMMING, *MILITARY...
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All the military services train their members on general military topics, such as the Code of Conduct (CoC) or suicide prevention. Individual services direct some topics, and some are stipulated by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Typically, military members receive instruction on these topics at some designated frequency, e.g., annually. This instruction competes for time and other resources with topics specific to a given service. General military training (GMT) requirements are the same...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA, *MILITARY TRAINING, COSTS,...
Senior DoD leadership, under the banner of acquisition reform, seek change in the acquisition process and within acquisition programs to reduce program cycle-time and total ownership cost. Key to achieving acquisition reform is the program manager (PM). PMs are tasked with the overall responsibility for their program's cost schedule and performance goals. The DoD 5000 Series encourages PMs to, continually search for innovative practices that reduce cycle-time, reduce cost, and encourage...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stinson, Benjamin P, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Currently, there exist dozens of notations and techniques for the specification of software-level and system-level requirements. While there are unique aspects to every requirements notation and technique that make it appropriate for a particular use, there are also areas of commonality between them. To address the proliferation, a requirements model has been developed that singularly expresses the elements in multiple requirements notations and techniques. The objective of this model of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jordan, Kathleen A, TELOS CORP SHREWSBURY NJ, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS, *PROTOTYPES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The state of U.S. military forces today is being most directly influenced by two competing pressures: The post-Cold War defense drawdown and the expanding demands of manpower intensive peacekeeping and humanitarian operations known collectively as "operations other than war". These pressures are having a significant impact on the readiness of U.S. military forces and are placing at risk the decisive military edge that this nation enjoyed at the end of the Cold War - an edge that was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Spence, Floyd D., COMMITTEE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY WASHINGTON DC, *COMBAT READINESS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This tradition has continued to the present day with the current Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable). The purpose of this thesis is first to assess Marine Corps hybrid operations in specific historical cases in order to rate the Marine Corps' historical performance in such roles. Secondly, the thesis will provide an assessment of the current MEU(SOC) program, with emphasis placed on its relevance in current and future operations, as well as deconfliction with established...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Walker, Robert G., NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MARINE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This study examines the current level of detailed integration in close air support (CAS) planning, with the focus on air component support of Army conventional forces, to determine if changes should be made to the current concept of operations for CAS. The results are based on interviews with numerous experienced CAS aviators with experience in Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Analyses of these interviews and current doctrine were compared with the CAS Concept of Operations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Millen, Michael D, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *TACTICAL...
With the end of the Cold War, much has been written recently about the future direction the U.S. should take in an uncertain and rapidly changing world environment. The decision will have far reaching implications for many years to come. Two areas having an impact on the answer to this question but not normally examined together are information warfare and the broad area of military operations short of large scale conventional combat operations commonly known as military operations other than...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Butler, Bradley L., AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *OPERATIONS OTHER...
Senior Department of Defense and military service officials have testified before Congress that they face increasing difficulties in carrying out realistic training at military installations. According to the officials, there are eight so-called encroachment' issues that affect or have the potential to affect military training and readiness. The eight encroachment issues are: endangered species habitat on military installations, unexploded ordnance and munitions constituents, competition for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY TRAINING, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This interim report summarizes the research support provided by Litton Computer Services to the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Science, Fort Benning Field Unit, Fort Benning, Georgia, during the period January 1988 through March 1990. The areas of research addressed were Training and Tactical Development for Light Infantry Readiness and Special Operations; Land Navigation Training and Positions Systems; and Weapon Systems Training, which included marksmanship...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Osborne, Arthur D, LITTON COMPUTER SERVICES DIV MOUNTAIN VIEW CA, *ARMY TRAINING,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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This research examines organizational theory to gain understanding about the tradeoffs organizations are required to make to adopt innovations. As a framework for identifying gaps in current processes, the eight practices identified by Denning and Dunham's The Innovator's Way, Essential Practices for Successful Innovation (2010) are introduced. The eight practices are also provided as a tool to improve communications, focus, and methods for achieving innovation adoption within an organization....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF INFORMATION SCIENCES, *BARRIERS,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Disaster responders are exposed to continuous periods of intense stress, and as a consequence, some suffer mental or emotional adverse effects. In recognition of critical stress as a valid concern, many emergency service providers have attempted, organizationally, to provide their responders with access to traditional critical stress interventions. But when a catastrophic event occurs and mutual aid is invoked, disaster workers and volunteers will respond from diverse jurisdictions, frequently...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,...
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Each war has a set of unique contextual elements that make it different from the wars of the past; thus, preparing for war will inevitably uncover capability gaps and deficiencies in warfighting capability. This paper explores the methods used by the Air Force acquisition community during combat operations to fill those gaps, with a specific concentration on developing and employing immature systems via the rapid response process (RRP). New concepts, such as effects-based operations (EBO) and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Frisbee, Sean M, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *MILITARY OPERATIONS,...
In late 1998 the Undersecretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness), the Director, Defense Research and Engineering, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff requested the Defense Science Board to create a task force on training and education. The task force met periodically throughout 1999 and 2000. This document is the report of our deliberations.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Braddock, Joe, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY TRAINING, *MILITARY...
This project was done to develop the necessary analytical information to allow preparation of an operational business plan for a newly proposed Center of Excellence in Extremity Trauma at Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Army wide extremity trauma workload available from PASBA for the five year period June 1989 to May 1994 was analyzed to develop understanding of market potential and demographics, diagnostic mix, trends and to estimate potential ADPL. Additional information...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cross, William T., BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER FORT SAM HOUSTON TX, *MARKET RESEARCH,...
This study examines the twenty-nine capabilities of the Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU (SOC) to determine their relative validity. The methodology utilizes a multiple criteria decision-making model to determine the relative validity of each MEU (SOC) capability. The criteria for evaluation included Unified Theater Command requirements, U.S. Marine Corps requirements, and history of MEU (SOC) capability execution. This study ranked the MEU (SOC) capabilities in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Love, John K., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *VALIDATION,...
In 1986, the Congress called for the establishment of a joint service special operations capability under a single command. In April 1987, the Secretary of Defense established the Special Operations Command with the mission to provide trained and combat-ready special operations forces to DOD s geographic combatant commands. Section 167(e) of Title 10, U.S. Code directs that the Commander of the Special Operations Command be responsible for and have the authority to conduct all affairs of such...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *BUDGETS, *OFFICER PERSONNEL,...
While the process of operational campaign design recognizes the necessity of understanding the adversary, it rarely, if ever, addresses his decision making process in depth. This shortcoming must be remedied since the successful conclusion of any conflict requires one side to make a conscious decision to capitulate to the other's will to some extent as a necessary precursor to achieving the desired end-state. The true focus of military operations, then, should be the adversary's decision making...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
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The goal of this project is to create a totally new version of the ESME (Effects of Sound in the Marine Environment) Workbench. The ESME Workbench is software simulation system that will serve as an educational and a basic research tool for the marine mammal research community and, in the longer term, will serve has as an aid for environmental planners who need to assess the potential impact of Naval training exercises on marine animals.
Topics: DTIC Archive, BOSTON UNIV BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, *AQUATIC ANIMALS, *MAMMALS, COMMUNITIES, NAVAL...
A Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) is the link between Marine ground units and the aircraft supporting them. This Marine must be capable of unsupervised, creative action in pursuit of his duties. Historical examples of terminal control in die ate an extremely complex and fluid task that requires depth of personal expertise to perform adequately. The more dispersed operating environment since 9/11 prompted the USMC to train and assign nonaviator JTACs, in addition to aviator Forward Air...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS, *MARINE...
For the past two decades, the U.S. Air Force has operated with impunity from air bases that have been relatively safe from attack. This may become more challenging in the future, as U.S. security policy places greater emphasis on ensuring U.S. presence in the Pacific. The rebalance to the Pacific could expose U.S. and allied air bases to significant ballistic and cruise missiles from a near-peer power. Ensuring resilient combat operations in denied environments (CODE) will likely require a mix...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AREA DENIAL, *MILITARY CAPABILITIES,...
There is a wide spectrum of systems to which a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) approach might apply, and even the concept of what a COTS-based system 1 is subject to widely varying opinions. So at the outset we must establish our frame of reference. One end of the spectrum of COTS-based systems includes such turnkey systems as Microsoft Office, Common Desktop Environment (CDE), or Netscape Communicator. The capabilities that they provide are valuable, they are reasonably reliable, and they tend...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INST, *COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT,...
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This study reviews the history, evolution and sources of accepted warrior norms, behaviors and values as they exist in today's Army. This is set against sociological, legislated and evolutionary developments that have lead to the perception of a kinder, gentler Army. The research intends to determine if natural evolution has occurred in support of U.S. national interests or if, in fact, today's Army is less able to meet warfighting and other directed requirements due to a softening of training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kienle, Frederick R, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY...
It is U.S. policy that medical and personnel information systems be designed, integrated, and utilized with military medical surveillance to protect the physical and mental health of Service members throughout their military service. Within the last several years, new applications of information technology have vastly expanded the military's capabilities for surveillance, and these technologies are now starting to move out of hospitals and other fixed facilities into forward-deployed settings....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Martinez-Lopez, Lester, ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND MATERIEL COMMAND FORT DETRICK MD,...
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Over the past couple of years, the joint terminal attack controller (JTAC) has become a pivotal military occupational specialty (MOS). From distributed operations (DO) in Afghanistan to Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company (ANGLICO) supporting Iraqi Army, U.S. Army, Naval Special Warfare, and Marine Reconnaissance units, JTAC's synchronize, apply, and link the aviation combat element (ACE) and the ground combat element (GCE). Combined arms, all fire support assets to include aviation delivered...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT, *MILITARY...
The practice of knowledge management (KM) continues to grow within the Department of Defense; however, while the other services have substantially matured in KM, the United States Marine Corps (USMC) has not. Most organizations today leverage information systems and technology to their advantage for increasing information and knowledge flow, and overall KM. The problem is that USMC units do not appear to be leveraging knowledge as effectively as they could, and as other services do, to address...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
Risk management is especially important for military forces deployed in hostile and/or chemically contaminated environments, and on-line or rapid turn-around capabilities for assessing exposures can create viable options for preventing or minimizing incapaciting exposures or latent disease or disability in the years after the deployment. With military support for the development, testing, and validation of state-of-the-art personal and area sensors, telecommunications, and data management...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC COMMISSION ON LIFE SCIENCES, *HEALTH,...
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The integration of multiple bioinformatics tools into an integrated suite poses many software engineering, social, and research challenges. We present our work on Bio-SPICE, an integrated open-source framework of tools for modern biology. SRI led the integration tasks, bringing together a community of researchers and practitioners to agree on a set of standards and practices that enabled multiple tools from multiple institutions to be brought to bear on problems of interest to biologists...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lincoln, Patrick, SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA, *SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,...
This MIT Sloan School of Management thesis describes the development, implementation, and institutionalization of private sector corporate-style strategic planning methods in a public sector federal government Department of Defense research and development organization. Corporate-style strategic planning means using a formal integrative strategic planning process whose cornerstone is the segmentation of the organization's activities into strategic business units (SBUs). The role and mission of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Baker, Frencis E , Jr, NAVAL SURFACE WARFARE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD, *STRATEGIC...
In 2007-08, we began an investigation of problems, issues, and opportunities that arise during the acquisition of software systems that rely on open architectures and open source software. The current effort funded for 2009-10 (funding received in 2010) seeks to continue and build on the results in this area while refining its focus to center on the essential constraints and tradeoffs we have identified for software-intensive systems with open architecture (OA) and continuously evolving open...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV IRVINE INSTITUTE FOR SOFTWARE RESEARCH, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS, *MILITARY...
This report documents the key activities and accomplishments of the ARPA Synthetic Environments for Requirements and Concept Evaluation and Synthesis (SERCES) program. The program objective was to demonstrate how distributed simulation could assist in the Defense acquisition process. SERCES sought to merge together several dispersed development simulation activities, to conduct a case study relating to a system within the acquisition process, and to offer tools which could aid other acquisition...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hammond, Jr , Marvin H, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *MILITARY...
U.S. military personnel have been engaged in operations in Central Asia and the Middle East for the past decade. Members of the armed forces also deploy to other regions of the world. Many aspects of deployments have the potential to contribute to individual stress, such as uncertainty about deployment time lines; culture shock in theater; fear of or confrontation with death or physical injury; environmental challenges, such as extreme climates and geographical features; austere living...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *FOOD SERVICE,...
To sustain progress toward injury reduction and other health promotion goals, public health organizations need a systematic approach based on data and an evaluation of existing scientific evidence on prevention. This paper describes a process and criteria developed to systematically and objectively define prevention program and policy priorities. Military medical surveillance data were obtained and summarized, and a working group of epidemiology and injury experts was formed. After reviewing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY CENTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD,...
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Topics: DTIC Archive, COLLABNET INC BRISBANE CA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,...
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Strategic planning guides fundamental decisions and actions that shape an organization, its activities, and its purpose. Strategic planning has roots in many different disciplines, particularly military science, community planning, corporate planning, and budgeting and finance. Significant contributions have been made to the field from each of these disciplines. This primer summarizes some of the many different models and schools of thought on strategic planning. It sets forth some assumptions,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Natoli, Nancy, ARMY ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INST CHAMPAIGN IL, *ORGANIZATIONS,...
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Lieutenant William McCarty Little a war-gaming visionary was truly a man ahead of his time. Although physically sight impaired and medically retired from active naval service, he opted to use his ideational vision and keen mind to support the Naval War College, in Newport, Rhode Island, during its first few years of operation after its founding in 1884. Initially an unpaid volunteer, he was appointed in 1887 as a member of the faculty, where he developed two-sided war gaming at the College a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI, *WAR GAMES, BATTLES, DECISION MAKING, ENVIRONMENTS,...
The purpose of this analysis is to explore the application of commercial smartphone technology in the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) tactical environment. Based on our research and financial analysis, we conclude that the dual-use potential of smartphones makes their economics more attractive than the existing radios the USMC has available to it. Therefore, the business case for deploying sleeved smartphones in the tactical environment complements the military rationale for adopting this technology....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This paper presents a conceptual framework that organizes the principal elements of the strategic planning process in business firms, and that facilitates the conduction of this process in a coordinated and effective manner. The essence of strategic planning is to provide long term directives to the overall corporation and to each one of its business components. Broadly speaking, strategic planning is aimed at maintaining a viable interaction between the organization and its environment, by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hax,Arnoldo C, ALFRED P SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT CAMBRIDGE MASS, *MANAGEMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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There are inherent dangers of unquestioned adherence to doctrine; however given historical examples of the success between doctrine and strategy in regards to Close Air Support (CAS) suggests the Air Force work closely with the Army as they transform their brigades to lighter more agile combat units with less organic artillery. Army Transformation's intent is to create a lighter more mobile force consisting of more combat units. The future Army will not have divisional and corps supporting...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Reed, James D, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Naval Special Warfare has produced successful innovation by using small working groups. Naval Special Warfare deems an innovation successful if it results in a more efficient, less risky, more cost effective method to conduct special operations. The Quantum Leap program is an example of successful innovation in Naval Special Warfare produced by a small working group. How have these small groups been able to produce successful innovations? Michael McCaskey's Theory offers an explanation of how...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rainville, Thomas A, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *NAVAL WARFARE, *DEFENSE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report reviews the theory of tacit knowledge and its theoretical and empirical background. The authors propose a three category structure for the tacit knowledge in military leadership: intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational. That structure was derived from instances of leadership tacit knowledge inferred from a review of military trade journals, military 'lessons learned' publications, and military memoirs. The report presents instances for the three categories. The proposed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Horvath, Joseph A., YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY, *LESSONS LEARNED,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this paper is to analyze and assess United States Special Operations Command's joint training program, to see how far such training has come since the command's activation, and to determine what remains to be done to meet the challenges of the future. It also presents recommendations to improve joint training of USSOCOM forces.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Curtis, Thiery G, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIRPOWER RESEARCH INST, *LOW INTENSITY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In view of the importance of such training to the Army's readiness and in response to your request, we reviewed the training provided to active Army units at these centers. Our objectives were to determine (1) whether units training at the centers are adequately prepared for the exercises, (2) whether training exercises are realistic in terms of expected battlefield conditions, (3) whether pre-positioned equipment adequately supports the training mission, (4) how units use lessons learned at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS...
The role of software ecosystems in the development and evolution of open architecture systems has received insufficient consideration. Such systems are composed of heterogeneously licensed components, open source or proprietary or both, in an architecture in which evolution can occur by evolving existing components or by replacing them. But this may result in possible license conflicts and organizational liability for failure to fulfill license obligations. We have developed an approach for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV IRVINE INSTITUTE FOR SOFTWARE RESEARCH, *SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,...
A wide range of civilian and military theorists indicate that the faculty of an educational institution is the crucial element in the educational process. Recent assessments of military educational institutions indicate that a quality faculty is critical for the success of the institution. This project is focused on the Marine Corps University faculty and examines the system and policies affecting the identification, recruitment, selection, assignment, preparation and development of military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Davis, James W , Jr, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *UNIVERSITIES, *INSTRUCTORS,...
Some in Congress have expressed concern about the government's use of private-sector lead system integrators (LSIs) for executing large, complex, defense-related acquisition programs. LSIs are large, prime contractors hired to manage such programs. Supporters of the LSI concept argue that it is needed to execute such complex acquisition efforts, and can promote better technical oversight and innovation. Two LSI-managed programs-the U.S. Army's Future Combat System (FCS) and the U.S. Coast...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report documents a research effort conducted by the Force Design Analysis Division, Studies and Analysis Directorate, Combined Arms Operations Research Activity (CAORA) to examine the front-end force design process executed by Force Design Directorate, CACDA. Research resulted in a description of the force design process, identification of steps in the process requiring analytic support and proposed methodologies to execute comparative analysis of alternative force designs. Additional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacobs,J A, COMBINED ARMS OPERATIONS RESEARCH ACTIVITY FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY...
This thesis analyzes the potential impact of incorporating wireless technologies, specifically an 802.11 mesh layer architecture and 802.16 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, in order to effectively and more efficiently transmit data and create a symbiotic operational picture between Coast Guard Cutters, their boarding teams, Coast Guard Operation Centers, and various external agencies. Two distinct collaborative software programs, Groove Virtual Office and the Naval Postgraduate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Klopson, Jadon E, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INTEROPERABILITY,...
This study investigates the potential benefits associated with altering the flow in which the F-16 Division (WSF) of the USAF Weapons School executes their flying and academic syllabus. It analyzes the potential for increased instructional quality within the F-16 Division as a result of syllabus flow alterations. The F-16 Division of the USAF Weapons School currently executes two twelve-man student classes per calendar year. Their mission is to produce weapons instructors who possess the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weggeman, Christopher P., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The goal of the Department of Defense Net-Centric Data Strategy is to improve data sharing throughout the DoD. Data sharing is a critical element of interoperability in the emerging system-of-systems. Achieving interoperability requires the elimination of two types of data heterogeneity: differences of syntax and differences of semantics. This paper builds a path toward semantic uniformity through application of a disciplined approach to ontology. An ontology is a consensus framework...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO NATIONAL CENTER FOR ONTOLOGICAL RESEARCH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Detailed planning of complicated and multifaceted operations, often in crisis situations, is a way of life for the military. During crisis action planning, diverse staff elements must agree on a number of details for a successful plan to come together. As part of that process, staff elements must work together to assess the mission, evaluate the threat, review the forces available, and provide reasonable courses of action for the commander. Staff elements must complete several reports and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carter, Stuart, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In order to address the needs of tomorrow s National Airspace System (NAS) users, the Federal Government is implementing the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). The success of NextGen will rely, in part, on the ability to provide the right information to the users that need it, when they need it. NextGen is implementing a net-centric environment to ensure that relevant, accurate, timely, and well-understood information is available to any authorized consumer and irrelevant...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *AIR TRANSPORTATION,...
During the past decade, the U.S. military has supported continuous deployments of forces around the world, often on very short notice and for prolonged duration, to meet the needs of a wide range of peacekeeping and humanitarian missions or major contingency operations. The pattern of varied and fast-breaking regional crises appears to be the model for the foreseeable future and has prompted the United States to reassess how it prepares, maintains, and employs its military forces. In response...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mills, Patrick, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL,...
An ever-increasing number of military personnel and civilians alike must work daily without adequate sleep. Although considerable data show that sleep deprivation alters many aspects of behavior, little is known about changes in the brain substrate underlying the behavioral effects, and even less is known about the cerebral effects of recovery sleep. The overarching objective of this study is to investigate the effects of 2 full nights of sleep loss (66 hours total) and 2 full nights of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Drummond, Sean P, VETERANS MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION SAN DIEGO CA, *RECOVERY,...
In the latter half of this decade, the U.S. Army has been engaged in persistent asymmetric warfare. During this period, army organizations have varied in the degree to which they have innovated doctrinally and technologically to confront this new reality. At the broadest level, the army has innovated considerably. However, at the combat brigade level, we observe variation across medical and logistics units, critical for providing support for combat operations. This thesis explains this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ARMY PLANNING, *MILITARY MEDICINE, ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Bioinformatics Challenge Days were two one-day events sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and carried out by MIT Lincoln Laboratory in cooperation with Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC). These events explored the utility of a short-term hack day format for educating interested individuals in bioinformatics issues relevant to the Department of Defense. They also explored to what extent these events could spark innovation in a diverse technical community that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
The military, along with private industry, is relying more on small teams of specialized individuals who work together to achieve a common goal. Examples of these teams include emergency medical teams, aircrews, decision-making teams, industrial project teams, Special Forces teams, weapon system crews and everyday work teams. Training and military doctrine has been evolving to reflect this emphasis on teamwork. The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to review literature published over...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LaJoie, Andrew S, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT KNOX...
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The objective of this research is to create an interface that is tailored to individual Soldiers' cognitive styles, individual differences, and expertise while at the same time reduces the interface complexity perceived by the Soldier. This interface design will improve upon existing adaptive interfaces by going beyond adaptation to the individual's prior actions and tailoring the interface to how each user perceives, processes, and filters information without the added complexity of current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Current USMC JTAC and FAC(A) training is unfocused and out of touch with both historical trends and the modem battlefield. Controller training and manning must be reexamined and refocused to ensure it remains relevant in the future.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shand, Michael P, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *MILITARY...