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U.S. military personnel have been engaged in operations in Central Asia and the Middle East for the past decade. Members of the armed forces also deploy to other regions of the world. Many aspects of deployments have the potential to contribute to individual stress, such as uncertainty about deployment time lines; culture shock in theater; fear of or confrontation with death or physical injury; environmental challenges, such as extreme climates and geographical features; austere living...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *FOOD SERVICE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This issue of the WSTIAC Quarterly features articles on Advances in Airborne Geophysical Systems for Ordnance mapping and Detection and a news article FCS Active Protection System in 'Top 50' Inventions. Included the WSTIAC Calendar of Events and the Directors Corner. Details on several Training Courses sponsored by WSTIAC are also included in this issue.
Topics: DTIC Archive, WEAPON SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA, *UNEXPLODED...
In November 1987 the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense, Research and Advanced Technology, instructed the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) to assemble a Task Force, drawn largely from the community that carries out the Department of Defense's Science and Technology (S&T) program. This Task Force was chartered to develop a strategy and an implementation plan for improving the coordination of resources and responsibilities among the DoD laboratories with an emphasis on strategic planning....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Riddell, Frederick R, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In view of the importance of such training to the Army's readiness and in response to your request, we reviewed the training provided to active Army units at these centers. Our objectives were to determine (1) whether units training at the centers are adequately prepared for the exercises, (2) whether training exercises are realistic in terms of expected battlefield conditions, (3) whether pre-positioned equipment adequately supports the training mission, (4) how units use lessons learned at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The primary function of the Services is to 'organize, train and equip' to support the warfighter. The Department of Defense (DoD) Enterprise Model documents the overall relationship between the joint warfighting requirements. Within the DoD Enterprise Model is the functional activity, 'Training and Education' which is the responsibility of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. The Commandant of the Marine Corps is responsible for training, efficiency, readiness and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMBAT DEVELOPMENT COMMAND QUANTICO VA, *EDUCATION, *MARINE CORPS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Office of Naval Research invests in innovative operational concepts to develop the science and technology (S&T) that ensures our warfighters always have the technological edge. Many of the innovation efforts are focused on expanding access to ideas and problem solvers.
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *INVESTMENTS, *MILITARY CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY,...
The role of software ecosystems in the development and evolution of open architecture systems has received insufficient consideration. Such systems are composed of heterogeneously licensed components, open source or proprietary or both, in an architecture in which evolution can occur by evolving existing components or by replacing them. But this may result in possible license conflicts and organizational liability for failure to fulfill license obligations. We have developed an approach for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV IRVINE INSTITUTE FOR SOFTWARE RESEARCH, *SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report documents a research effort conducted by the Force Design Analysis Division, Studies and Analysis Directorate, Combined Arms Operations Research Activity (CAORA) to examine the front-end force design process executed by Force Design Directorate, CACDA. Research resulted in a description of the force design process, identification of steps in the process requiring analytic support and proposed methodologies to execute comparative analysis of alternative force designs. Additional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacobs,J A, COMBINED ARMS OPERATIONS RESEARCH ACTIVITY FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Non-infantry enlisted Marines progress through Recruit Training, basic infantry training at Marine Combat Training (MCT), and Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) training before finally reporting to their first unit for duty These Marines are the focus of this thesis, In fiscal year 1998, new recruits spent over 2,700 Marine-years (wait time) in an unproductive status while waiting on their next training schools to convene, Marine Corps manpower planners believe this level of wait time is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Whaley, Darrin L, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INFANTRY, *ENLISTED...
This thesis analyzes the potential impact of incorporating wireless technologies, specifically an 802.11 mesh layer architecture and 802.16 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, in order to effectively and more efficiently transmit data and create a symbiotic operational picture between Coast Guard Cutters, their boarding teams, Coast Guard Operation Centers, and various external agencies. Two distinct collaborative software programs, Groove Virtual Office and the Naval Postgraduate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Klopson, Jadon E, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INTEROPERABILITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Air Force spends approximately $750 million per year on IST, plus an unknown amount for on-the-job and other types of training. This training has arguably helped make the U.S. Air Force the best air force in the world. However, current training methods may not be as efficient and effective as emerging alternatives. This study looks at educational approaches that would customize training to individual characteristics with the intent of minimizing the trainee s time in training, focusing the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *AIR FORCE TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The product described is the result of research that explored the concept and definition of Warrior Ethos, in an effort to facilitate its application for Soldiers during initial training and throughout their military careers. The Warrior Ethos tenets were divided into component attributes and behaviors; the product described here provides an example of a potential venue for Warrior Ethos training during the basic training program and includes train-the-trainer materials that help to identify...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Klein, Gerald, WEXFORD GROUP INTERNATIONAL INC VIENNA VA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY...
Under a National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, the U.S. Army is likely to deploy more frequently in Operations Other Than War (OOTW) while the post Cold War drawdown enters its final phases. This study explores the impacts of OOTW on the training readiness of these units to conduct combat operations. It is based on a survey instrument distributed to students and faculty members of the U.S. Army War College. The unique density of War College students with OOTW experience in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Landry, Alan D., ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY TRAINING, *COMBAT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The task force concludes that pursuant to some changes the Journal of Defense Research (JDR) should be continued. The JDR is 'mission essential' as a classified research tool: is not duplicated by available source as DTIC; and does not present an unacceptable security risk. With respect to security issues and concerns about duplication with the DTIC data bases, our findings are base upon recommendations made to the task force by the Deputy Administrator, DTIC; and the Principal Director,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *PERIODICALS, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *DEFENSE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The current military force structure, and subsequently the Department of Defense, requires a significant change. This monograph reveals, thru the lens of Colonel John Boyd and Doctor Joe Strange, a critical vulnerability and the lack of capabilities of the current joint force structure. The focus of this monograph is to highlight the problem. Additionally, a unique solution for organizational change, not previously debated, is provided. It advocates the creation of a new, capstone service,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Teister, Keith J, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
In the latter half of this decade, the U.S. Army has been engaged in persistent asymmetric warfare. During this period, army organizations have varied in the degree to which they have innovated doctrinally and technologically to confront this new reality. At the broadest level, the army has innovated considerably. However, at the combat brigade level, we observe variation across medical and logistics units, critical for providing support for combat operations. This thesis explains this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ARMY PLANNING, *MILITARY MEDICINE, ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Detailed planning of complicated and multifaceted operations, often in crisis situations, is a way of life for the military. During crisis action planning, diverse staff elements must agree on a number of details for a successful plan to come together. As part of that process, staff elements must work together to assess the mission, evaluate the threat, review the forces available, and provide reasonable courses of action for the commander. Staff elements must complete several reports and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carter, Stuart, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The objective of this research is to create an interface that is tailored to individual Soldiers' cognitive styles, individual differences, and expertise while at the same time reduces the interface complexity perceived by the Soldier. This interface design will improve upon existing adaptive interfaces by going beyond adaptation to the individual's prior actions and tailoring the interface to how each user perceives, processes, and filters information without the added complexity of current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
Historically, military innovation is a difficult process, argued and counter-argued not only on the merits of the proposed innovation, but also stilted by the organizational and personal biases of the military and its members. The proposal of Network Centric Warfare (NCW) has generated the normal resistance, but being a difficult concept to grasp, and one that is easy to confuse with simple information technology, the debate has lost focus on the core issues of the concepts of NCW and instead...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Neidlinger, Eric C, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI, *NETWORKS, *ARMY PERSONNEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The authors examine present problems with the nature of military power 30 years into the future, which must be solved before movement toward the future can make much progress. They try to find the questions, and, once having found them, to formulate a range of answers since no single answer is likely to be precisely on target. If the papers are not dramatically futuristic in approach, they are nevertheless set against a future backdrop which is still in the process of being defined. The authors...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fontaine, Yves J., ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA,...
The nature of the Global War On Terror (GWOT) has driven U.S. Conventional Forces (CF) and Special Operations Forces (SOF) to unprecedented levels of cooperation on the battlefield, and the historical conventional mistrust of SOF is being overwritten today by successful combined SOF/CF operations. The joint force and the Services must continue to improve the ability of SOF to conduct C2 and integrate C2 with their own capabilities. Integrated SOF and CF command and control is a base requirement...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Christie, Kevin A, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT, *JOINT...
Military deployment can have profound effects on physical and mental health. Fewstudies have examined whether interventions prior to deployment can improvemechanisms underlying resilience. Mindfulness-based techniques have been shown to aid recovery from stress and may affect brain-behavior relationships prior to deployment. The authors examined the effect of mindfulness training on resilience mechanisms in active-duty Marines preparing for deployment. Eight Marine infantry platoons (N=281)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, *MILITARY TRAINING, *RESILIENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A systemic training and education continuum for the NCO will produce a technically and procedurally proficient leader with the inherent ability to apply desired judgment in decision making, thus achieving the consistent capability of a Strategic Corporal. The U.S. Marine Corps is obligated to develop and sustain a flexible force that can operate across the entire spectrum of conflict. This versatility relies significantly on the capacity of small units and their leaders. If the Marine Corps is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boyce, G R, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *SQUAD LEVEL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A primary objective of the Global Force Management Data Initiative is the deployment of a suite of information sources called organization servers (OS) that provide default organizational and forces structure data for the Department of Defense (DOD). The data in the OSs are produced and maintained by the agencies across the DOD who are responsible for this information. From the net-centric perspective, these seven sources are seven URLs on the Global Information Grid. A somewhat contentious...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chamberlain, Sam, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *INFORMATION...
The Military Health System (MHS) uses a variety of systems and processes to manage its most important asset its people. Chief among the systems employed to do this is the Defense Medical Human Resource System-internet (DMHRSi). DMHRSi has been fully operational for more than five years now, but the overall value of this system has not been assessed. In light of ongoing fiscal challenges, a new MHS governance structure, and a strategic shift toward Joint medical operations, now is the time to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT, BENEFITS, COST EFFECTIVENESS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Operation ENDURING FREEDOM in Afghanistan highlighted the dramatic, synergistic capabilities achieved by the Special Operation Forces (SOF) and airpower. Just prior to OEF, the Joint Chiefs of Staff had established an Executive Steering Committee, which adopted a grass roots qualification for ground forward air controllers (GFACs) called the Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) program. The JTAC program is designed to serve as a cross service driver s license or credentialization for GFACs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Armfield, Robert G, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *MILITARY OPERATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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An account of how operations research influenced one U.S. Army officer as he confronted issues of training cost and effectiveness during the period 1970-1980. Favorably impressed by training developments in the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Air Force during the early years of that decade, when the author was the Deputy Chief of Staff for Training of the Army's Training and Doctrine Command, he backed the Army's adoption of Tactical Engagement Simulation. During the latter years of the decade, while...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gorman, Paul F, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *VALUE ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Office of Naval Research (ONR) has a long, continuous, and distinguished tradition of support for research and development of advanced technologies for application to military training. This paper provides an overview of the history and structure of those research programs with emphasis on areas of major current activity: 1) basic research on tutorial dialog aiming for true natural language interaction capability for artificially intelligent training systems; 2) effective instructional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chipman, Susan F, OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *MILITARY TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In order to evaluate the impact of thermal and physical stress on mission-related performance in a quantifiable fashion, and to develop a technology to minimize the effects of such stresses, it has become important to develop standardized measures of mission-related performance. The present report presents fundamental information relating to the selection of measures to assess the impact of operational stressors on cognitive performance. The initial cognitive performance abilities presently...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thomas, John R., NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States Army War College (USAWC) provides an educational network for students attending Senior Service College (SSC) commensurate with the networks of any other Army installation. The resident educational network limits discourse to only Common Access Card (CAC) carrying individuals within the Department of Defense. This restricts traditional university academic discourse and prohibits the use of personally owned or military issued mobile devices to access educational content in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *OFFICER PERSONNEL,...
This effort developed technology to securely compose, maintain and dissolve infospheres, including aspects of service discovery, negotiation, configuration, revocation, and policy enforcement, and basic actions associated with composing and decomposing COIs. A capability was developed to automate the announcement, discovery, request matching, and life-cycle management of information services both within and across security domain boundaries. Requirements and design trade-offs associated with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kowalchuk, Nick, SENSIS CORP EAST SYRACUSE NEW YORK, *INFORMATION EXCHANGE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of the Department of Defense Net-Centric Data Strategy is to improve data sharing throughout the DoD. Data sharing is a critical element of interoperability in the emerging system-of-systems. Achieving interoperability requires the elimination of two types of data heterogeneity: differences of syntax and differences of semantics. This paper builds a path toward semantic uniformity through application of a disciplined approach to ontology. An ontology is a consensus framework...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO NATIONAL CENTER FOR ONTOLOGICAL RESEARCH,...
Today it is clear that information, not ordnance or weapons systems is the current coin of the realm in serious discussions of future warfare. Each of the military departments are now wrestling with how to procure, employ and organize units to take advantage of the anticipated flood of information and the "dominant battlespace awareness" which it confers. Joint Vision 2010 posits that near perfect battlefield knowledge makes smaller units increasingly more capable. Does this mean...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gilroy, Michael P., NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI, *LEADERSHIP, *INFORMATION SYSTEMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Joint and service doctrine clearly defines supporting, supported, and subordinate command relationships. Recent operations, however, exhibit confusion at the staff officer level regarding these command relationships. The confusion manifests itself in more than a simple misunderstanding of terminology, particularly when air forces are employed as part of a joint operation. Instead, joint staff officers mistake airpower s common role as a supporting force for one of subordination. The difference...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, *AIR POWER, *JOINT...
The Army's and Marine Corps' major training facilities -- Army and Marine Corps combat training centers and Army mobilization training centers -- have focused on training units for counterinsurgency missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. As troop levels decrease in Iraq and increase in Afghanistan, larger numbers of forces will be training for Afghanistan. To meet future requirements, the services plan to adjust training to train forces on a fuller range of missions. The House report to the National...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *ARMY TRAINING, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Automations allow us to reduce the need for humans in certain environments, such as auto-pilot features on unmanned aerial vehicles. However, some situations still require human intervention. Adaptive automation is a research field that enables computer systems to adjust the amount of automation by taking over tasks from or giving tasks back to the user. This research develops processes and insights for adaptive automation designers to take theoretical adaptive automation ideas and develop them...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study is an anlaysis of Joint Special Operations Forces (SOF) basic or common skills training. The study uses the United States Army Special Warfare Center and School (USAJFKSWCS) as a basis of evaluation of the effectiveness of the Department of Defense (DOD) inter service training within United States Special Operations Comand (USSOCOM). This thesis evaluates and suggests solutions for the future of joint core basic and advanced skill training and propenency associated with this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rehorn, Wesley L., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY...
While human tutoring and mentoring are common teaching tools, current US Army standards for training and education are group instruction and classroom training, also known as one-to-many instruction. Recently, the US Army has placed significant emphasis on self-regulated learning (SRL) methods to augment institutional training where Soldiers will be largely responsible for managing their own learning. In support of the US Army Learning Model and to provide affordable, tailored SRL training and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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LtGen John Archer Lejeune served as the 13th Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps and guided the Corps through the very turbulent period of the 1920s. This was a time of tremendous challenges for the Armed Forces of the United States as the country, following the aftermath of the war to end all wars, craved a return to normalcy and economic prosperity. As a result the military was faced with personnel cutbacks and small budgets. In this environment, and during his tenure as Commandant, General...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dillon, James T, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MARINE CORPS, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Department of Defense (DOD) is implementing a plan designed to meet the critical security challenges of the future by transforming the Armed Forces into a joint force capable of meeting the requirements of 21st century operations. A key element of achieving this transformation the conduct of joint warfighting experimentation, which involves assess; joint warfighting concepts that could lead to changes to doctrine, organization, training and education, materiel, leadership, and personnel...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the second half of the 20th century, the United States enjoyed stature and prosperity at levels seldom achieved in recorded history. The country s status included predominance in most fields of science and technology (S&T), as well as a phenomenal breadth and pace of innovation. We are now experiencing a global shift to a more level playing field among nations; demographics, economics, and political forces are the driving forces behind this shift. The impact of this shift on U.S. S&T...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In order to evaluate the impact of environmental and physiological stressors on the conduct of Special Operations activities and techniques to minimize the effects of these stressors, it has become essential to develop standardized measurements of Special Operations mission-related performance and to ensure that measures selected relate as directly as possible to actual operational tasks. In order to select/develop appropriate measures of performance, information was needed on critical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thomas, John R., NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD, *MILITARY OPERATIONS,...
In Phase I the effects of cold air (c), water (w), fatigue (f), and exercise (e) on physiological and psychological performance, and the effectiveness of several techniques for the suppression of shivering were investigated in 15 male subjects. Cold exposure was determined to be the most significant factor in reducing performance, causing significant reductions (p or = 0.05) in skin and rectal temperatures, temperature perceptions, shooting performance, grip strength, and dexterity both alone...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wittmers, Lorentz E , Jr, MINNESOTA UNIV DULUTH, *COGNITION, *STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY),...
This report summarizes substantive recommendations and resulting actions of 16 prior studies. A short summary of each report reviewed is included. Summaries of the recommendations of the various reports are grouped by management areas. Assessments of the resulting actions are provided. Several recommendations have led to actions taken to address the particular situation in question. Significant steps have been taken: 1) to provide proper balance between technology base performers, and 2) to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cattoi, R L, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *RESEARCH...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A research paper addressing the future orientation of naval operational intelligence, given organizational changes mandated by Goldwater- Nichols, and changes in operational emphasis as contained in ...From the Sea. The paper reviews the theory and principles of war, operational art and operational intelligence, and incorporates the history of the office of naval intelligence, and the uses of operational intelligence by commanders in WWII. The paper concludes: joint intelligence organizations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Klauberg, Jr , William J, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS, *JOINT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Multimedia technical libraries have great potential to change the way we train technical people and the way we develop software. However it will be a challenge to create such a technical library. In this report, I present different approaches for creating a library, based on both source and intended use. I present four strategies for information development, complete process outlines for five strategies of archival preparation, and user-and system-guided navigation strategies that can be used...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hallman, Harvey K., CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INST,...
Examined the effectiveness of a program of structured interviews (COMTRAIN) with battalion resource personnel in facilitating transition in command at the company level. Comparisons of 45 commanders who implemented the COMTRAIN transition package with 45 who did not demonstrated no overall performance enhancement from COMTRAIN use. However, COMTRAIN was found to improve performance ratings for commanders (1) without experience in the battalion prior to assumption of command; (2) with an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miller, Richard L., HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This paper presents a conceptual framework that organizes the principal elements of the strategic planning process in business firms, and that facilitates the conduction of this process in a coordinated and effective manner. The essence of strategic planning is to provide long term directives to the overall corporation and to each one of its business components. Broadly speaking, strategic planning is aimed at maintaining a viable interaction between the organization and its environment, by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hax,Arnoldo C, ALFRED P SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT CAMBRIDGE MASS, *MANAGEMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Defense AT and L is a bimonthly magazine published by DAU Press, Defense Acquisition University, for senior military personnel, civilians, defense contractors, and defense industry professionals in program management and the acquisition, technology, and logistics workforce.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bell,John R, Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir United States, logistics,...
A program evaluation was conducted at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri to determine the effectiveness of athletic trainers (ATs) and musculoskeletal action teams (MATs) for reducing injuries, reducing medical attrition, and improving physical fitness. The MAT consisted of a physical therapist, physical therapy technician, two ATs, and two certified strength and conditioning specialists. The evaluation involved two groups (MAT & AT), two phases or periods (baseline (B) & intervention (I)),...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *ARMY PERSONNEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report was written as part of a project entitled Joint Operational Concepts for an Uncertain Future. The focus of the research became an effort to assess the challenges that U.S. Army airborne forces may face in the future and identify capabilities airborne forces will need to effectively address those challenges. This report summarizes threats to the current U.S. airborne force and explores the concept of an airborne light armored infantry force as a possible means to mitigate those...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *AIRLIFT OPERATIONS, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES,...
Based on a review of the literature and the development of a new psychophysiological model to account for individual coping responses to stress, two investigations were conducted. The first investigation developed and validated a new Occupational Stress Assessment Inventory that better examined stress in an occupational context with measures of active coping and ability to deal with stress built into the same instrument. In the second investigation this new inventory as well as other...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heslegrave, Ronald J., BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Recent scandals in the military have created a perception that the ethical standards of the United States Armed Forces are deteriorating. This deterioration threatens to undermine both the operational readiness and public support necessary to maintain an effective and empowered fighting force. Changes in mission and force structure have placed increasing demands on the military to provide education and enforcement of high ethical principles for all personnel. This paper examines the nature of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Butts, W. S., NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI, *EDUCATION, *PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This two-volume report describes a framework for identifying program initiatives aimed at significantly improving US capabilities for irregular warfare (IW). The framework has two components: a characterization of the capabilities needed to conduct IW in terms of the type of capability (Understand, Shape, Engage) and the object being addressed (Environment, Population, Host-Nation Government, Red, Blue); and a set of five attributes (Human Terrain, Civil-Military Coordination, IW Combat...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hurley, William J, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA JOINT ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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What can we expect in the 21st century, the new millennium, the future, the year 2000 and beyond? Numerous rousing questions confront researchers, philosophers, scientists and engineers involved in transitioning technology to current and future systems. This issue of the DTIC Review addresses the ideas, strategic trends, nature of warfare, emerging technologies, air and space, military theory and other factors necessary to conform with the conditions and demands of the 21st century. The authors...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cupp, Christian M, DEFENSE TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA, *DEFENSE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The present research sought to better define the junior Army leader behaviors reflecting adaptive performance and offer recommendations for enhancing these adaptive capabilities. Pulakos and colleagues' (2000) eight-dimension model of adaptive performance was applied to leader behaviors performed in operational and training contexts. The present research also included White and colleagues' (2005) Leads an Adaptable Team dimension. Interview data from two different archival datasets were...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tucker, Jennifer S, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The guideline contains procedures that training developers at U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) schools can use to prepare drill training packages (including drills and drill training/management aids) for integrated individual and collective training of combat arms units at squad level and below. The document provides an introduction to the drill concept and calls out the advantages accruing to the use of drills; identifies and discusses the steps in the design of drills, drill...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hiller, Jack H, ARMY RESEARCH INST FIELD UNIT PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY CA, *ARMY...
This report, in two volumes, describes the operational demonstration and assessment of an innovative tool kit resulting from a research program aimed at enhancing the self-development of junior leaders in the Army. The tool kit contains online diagnostic and training tools that build self-awareness, metacognitive abilities, critical thinking skills, and interpersonal skills. Soldiers in units and user juries provided feedback on the tools. The pressures of the operational environment seriously...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NORTHROP GRUMMAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LEAVENWORTH KS, *SKILLS, *NONCOMMISSIONED...
Who Should Read This Report and Why? This report should be of interest to operational personnel at DoD test and training ranges and to others concerned with the sustainability of DoD test and training ranges. Incomplete community involvement programs put test and training ranges at risk for training disruption. Background. This evaluation was requested by the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Readiness) and the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation to evaluate the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INSPECTOR GENERAL DEPT OF DEFENSE ARLINGTON VA, *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *COMMUNITIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Aviation physiology is a highly relevant field to flyers of unpressurized aircraft that flew at altitudes in excess of 25,000 feet. Crew members had to contend with severe environmental factors while flying long bombing missions during WWII. The limits of human physiology must be the main concern of any battle plan involving flyers and fatality/mortality rates should be the primary focus in evaluating the success or failure of such a plan. The purpose of this research project is to determine if...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carroll, James J, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *FLIGHT CREWS, MILITARY...
Information is all the world, and all the world is information. Every military action or inaction is based on information. Military transformation and modernization programs are focused on leveraging information as a battle-winning capability. The future is all about information. Modern military forces have never been so good or so fast at collecting it, processing it, sending it, and sharing it at all levels, and that is where the problem lies. By investing so heavily in collecting,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bell, Christopher J, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS,...
For physically active military personnel, stress fractures are debilitating and costly. Female soldiers sustain twice the number of stress fractures compared to males. Exercise interventions for women are needed to promote military readiness in ways that enhance bone strength and reduce stress fractures. This study, currently in progress, is investigating the effects of 30 weeks of concentric Vs eccentric isokinetic resistance training on bone stiffness (mechanical impedance), quality (mineral...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Herbert, William, VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND STATE UNIV BLACKSBURG, *PHYSICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The objective of this study is to describe the learning requirements for preparing adaptive leaders at brigade echelon and below for the U.S. Army, then to propose an explicit methodology to develop these adaptive leaders of all grades in both institution and unit. The methodology should serve as a foundation for subsequent learning models to be developed within Army Training and Doctrine Command. The study describes 12 learning choices which determine learning program design; then it...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brown, Frederic J, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *ARMY TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, it provides an information resource for development of a Combatant Command (COCOM)-focused Knowledge Management (KM) plan and implementation. Second, it gives an overview of KM in the operational part of the Department of Defense along with findings of KM program development at selected COCOMs. The results will serve as a basis for recommendation to the U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) in planning and development of a KM program.
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPACE AND NAVAL WARFARE SYSTEMS CENTER PACIFIC SAN DIEGO CA, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT,...
The ability of soldiers and crews to engage the enemy successfully has been fundamental to the operational success of the U.S. Army since its founding and remains so today. As a result, the Army devotes considerable resources and effort to developing and maintaining weapon-system proficiency. In 2010, over a billion dollars were spent to buy training ammunition, and many dollars were spent maintaining and providing the training aids, devices, simulators, simulations, ranges, and targetry...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *ARMY TRAINING, OPERATIONAL READINESS,...
The relationship between command and control is a decision making process that ultimately results in a command and a maneuver process that results in action (control). The Marine Corps has used the Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act (OODA) loop developed by Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF (Ret), to provide a conceptual model of decision making. The use of the OODA loop ...is not meant to provide a complete description of the various phases and interactions. The OODA loop serves as a basic model for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *MARINE CORPS, *MILITARY COMMANDERS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Ever since the introduction of the airplane for use in military operations, the issue of its employment in the Close Air Support (CAS) mission has been a contentious issue within the U.S. armed services. Service culture has played a major role in dictating strategic stances within DoD on what aviation roles and missions will pertain to each service. These arguments have divided the services over the use of air power and have resulted in significant clashes throughout history. Using a historical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Villalobos, Luis E, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The nature and lethality of the urban environments, newly developed navigational aids, core values of Rangers past and present, and the "Total Force" concept, requires an examination of the current training program. New thinking in what we teach, how we teach, and where we teach the U.S. Army Ranger Course should be carefully examined. Certainly, there will not be a shortage of ideas on how we should or should not train soldiers to become Rangers for our future force. However, the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Helmick, Frank G., ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY TRAINING, ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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One way ONR does this is through its contract research program, which attracts many distinguished members of the civilian scientific community to participate in a program of basic research aimed at providing the base for future technology. But, of more lasting importance, ONR developed policies and procedures forty years ago which became the organizational models for the National Science Foundation and other research agencies involving the Federal government in a comprehensive program of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC, *CONTRACTED SERVICES, *MILITARY CRITICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Public Law 101-189 requires the Secretary of Defense to prepare an annual Critical Technologies Plan beginning in 1989 that identifies technologies considered critical for ensuring the long-term superiority of U.S. weapon systems. During congressional hearings for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, DoD was unable to provide detailed information on the funding of the critical technologies. This lack of information was cited during the hearings as a major obstacle in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Adams, Clark, GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND...
In response to the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, the President, as Commander-in-Chief and as authorized by congress in a Joint Resolution 23, ordered our armed forces into combat to Afghanistan in order to defeat the al-Qaeda terror organization and the repressive Taliban regime that harbored them. The President wanted to execute this war in an unconventional manner. He turned to the experts in unconventional warfare, the Army Special Forces and tasked them to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fox, David G, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY TRAINING, *SPECIAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Confidence in a prospective contractor's ability to perform satisfactorily is an important factor in making a best value source selection decision. One method of gaining this confidence is the evaluation of a prospective contractor's performance on recently completed or ongoing contracts for the same or similar goods or services. Past Performance Information (PPI) motivates contractors to improve their performance because of the potential use of that information in future source selections. It...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC, *DECISION MAKING, *CONTRACTORS, *SELECTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The authors reviewed 273 abstracts relating to pain and 36 abstracts relating to pain and task performance. Of the 309 abstracts reviewed, 93 articles were pertinent to elements of the problem and are the basis of this report; however none specifically related burn pain to task performance. Two simple five-point scales were found that can be used to measure pain severity resulting from burns. The first is the McGill Pain Questionnaire that has been widely used, and the second is the Visual...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gamache, Gerald L, TECHNICO SOUTHWEST INC LOS ALAMOS NM, *STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY), *WOUNDS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The lack of cross-component mentoring can effect AC/RC integration. Both the Active Component and the Reserve Components have an inherent responsibility to the military profession continued AC/RC integration and mentor across their respective components. The use of reserve forces to sustain combat operations has always been a natural strength of our military power that began with local militia and reserves that assisted General George Washington during the Revolutionary War. Both components...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Torres, Richard, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY RESERVES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This final overarching report in a series documents research and recommendations RAND offered to the Air Force to help strengthen the development of a new office responsible for monitoring and promoting resilience among Air Force Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. Efforts to boost resilience have become an important military response to suicide and other markers of distress and poor health. The report reviews the concepts and measures of resilience, resilience factors,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *MENTAL HEALTH,...