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Topics: DTIC Archive, LITTLE (ARTHUR D) INC CAMBRIDGE MA, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *NAVAL RESEARCH, *SCIENTIFIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE (ARMY) WASHINGTON DC, *ARMY OPERATIONS, *AIRMOBILE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A survey was conducted to determine where modifications in instructional techniques and the development of training aids can improve training effectiveness and permit the more economical and efficient use of training ammunition. A second phase of this work is already underway to seek means of implementing the findings. Based on the observation of marksmanship training in the field and in the classroom at The Infantry School, four infantry training divisions, an armored training division, an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TUFTS UNIV MEDFORD MA, *GUNNERY TRAINERS, ARMY PERSONNEL, INSTRUCTORS, LEARNING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the era of technology globalization, the DoD laboratories and engineering and warfare centers (the Labs) continue to fulfill vital missions on behalf of the warfighter. The Labs traditional missions are defined as high quality science, technology transition, and smart acquisition. While these missions remain important and relevant, the rapidly changing technology and threat landscapes dictate the Labs should also adapt their missions to continue serving the warfighter; this includes an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Defense Science Board Washington United States, department of defense, test and...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Defense AT and L is a bimonthly magazine published by DAU Press, Defense Acquisition University, for senior military personnel, civilians, defense contractors, and defense industry professionals in program management and the acquisition, technology, and logistics workforce.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bell,John R, Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir United States, logistics,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Is hindsight better than foresight or just different. The formal difference between the two tasks is the hindsightful judge's possession of outcome knowledge, telling him how things turned out. In the studies reported, outcome knowledge is found to increase the perceived inevitability of the outcome reported. Judges, however, appear largely unaware of the changes in their perceptions due to outcome knowledge, and thus believe that they had insights which actually resulted from outcome...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fischhoff, Baruch, OREGON RESEARCH INST EUGENE, *DECISION MAKING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report summarizes research into and application of decision analytic techniques by Decisions and Designs, Incorporated (DDI) during the period October 1, 1975 through June 30, 1975. As such, this report provides a summary of those activities in terms of the following categories: -- assessment and forecasting, evaluation of alternative solutions, policy formulation and implementation, value-of-information analysis, utility analysis in treaty negotiations, basic decision analysis research,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kelly, III, Clinton W, Peterson, Cameron R, DECISIONS AND DESIGNS INC MCLEAN VA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report describes the initial development of the step-through variant of Monte Carlo simulation, a new procedure for implementing decision analysis or for training decision makers. Like regular Monte Carlo simulation it involves sampling possible aftermaths of an initial action, and generating a distribution of outcome values for it. However, the detailed structure and/or assessments of the decision model are elicited as called for in the execution of each trial. It therefore permits...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ulvila,Jacob W, Brown,Rex W, Randall,L Scott, DECISIONS AND DESIGNS INC MCLEAN VA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The amorphous nature of the resource and management problem, although intuitively recognized, needs a well-defined term to identify it for decision-makers and analysts. It is proposed that the term 'logistics' be expanded, defined, and modified into 'strategic logistics,' a term which will carry the full impact of resource limits as they affect national security. Having placed a label on the problem and identified its complexities, it becomes apparent that a focal point at the highest level of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lukert,Edward P , Jr, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report summarizes research on the technology inference and decision. The research focussed on three major themes: validation of multiattribute utility models and assessment procedures, the assessment of group probabilities and utilities, and the elicitation and quantification of uncertainty. Both experimentation and simulation were used to find where errors in multiattribute utilities may exist, how extensive they are, and how they effect the final evaluative process. One study showed the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Edwards, Ward, DECISIONS AND DESIGNS INC MCLEAN VA, *DECISION THEORY, *GROUP...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A search of the military literature was conducted to determine combat training requirements for Marine Corps rifle squads. Pertinent works are listed along with alphabetical lists of keywords and authors. Keywords are also indexed and arranged hierarchically within seven major categories to facilitate cross-referencing with the other lists. This information provides a foundation for further research and development. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Archibald,Alvin G, NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CALIF,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper reviews some of what is known about leadership, focusing on the data collected about the nature of managerial work. These findings point to the unrelenting pace and capricious, fragmented, and oral nature of the job. Three dimensions are presented as useful in understanding managerial performance: complexity/simplicity, use of structures, and use of power. A way to study leaders is to simulate the variety of stimuli confronting them and observe how their activities relate to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lombardo, Michael M, CENTER FOR CREATIVE LEADERSHIP GREENSBORO NC, *LEADERSHIP,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The role of the Navy Research and Development Laboratories has, historically, lacked precise definition. Budgetary pressures result in a continuing assessment of the in-house laboratory asset requirements. Recent improvements in mission and role assignments and laboratory resource management should be expanded and focused to guide any contemplated changes in the size or the make-up of the laboratory system. This study attempts to (1) summarize the laboratory missions and goals; (2) describe the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moe, Richard G, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES,...
The decisionmaking process is affected by two distinct sides. The first is a factual, logical process which will produce a result completely void of human emotion. The second is an emotional, psychological process which although affected by logic and fact, causes occasional erratic, irrational behavior on decisions. This thesis examines both sides of this decisionmaking process but attempts to offer recommendations on only the logical, factual portion. Emotion and psychological factors have an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Duncan ,Frank E, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KANS, *DECISION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Most studies to date dealing with worker motivation have concentrated on worker satisfaction, since most managers and researchers apparently assume a positive correlation between worker satisfaction and worker performance. This study was designed to by-pass this assumption and determine the correlation between the junior enlisted soldier's (E-1 through E-4) perceptions of 18 job- related factors, his/her level of performance and his/her level of absenteeism (AWOL). Again, this study approaches...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Patterson, Allison C., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY...
This report discusses theoretical issues and methodological concerns relating to the implementation of a Current Value Approach to Human Resource Accounting. The topics presented include: reliability, validity of predictors and criterion, limits on variance available for predictions, transformation of data, non-dollar metrics, unit of analysis and subsetting of organizational members, consistency of predictor-criterion relationships across time and function, multicollinearity, number of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bowers,David G, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INST FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH, *MANAGEMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This paper presents a conceptual framework that organizes the principal elements of the strategic planning process in business firms, and that facilitates the conduction of this process in a coordinated and effective manner. The essence of strategic planning is to provide long term directives to the overall corporation and to each one of its business components. Broadly speaking, strategic planning is aimed at maintaining a viable interaction between the organization and its environment, by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hax,Arnoldo C, ALFRED P SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT CAMBRIDGE MASS, *MANAGEMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The context of organizational leadership is changing, as challenges emerge from widespread social change. Authoritarian styles are becoming less useful, while democratic styles increase in usefulness. With education and political maturity, groups become less responsive to Great Men, 'packaged leaders,' and assumptions of correct opinions. Pluralistic styles of leadership will be in demand, as groups with different interests proliferate. It will become more difficult to achieve success for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wermuth,Anthony L, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Acquiring knowledge from a map depends upon procedures for focusing attention, encoding information, and intergrating diverse knowledge. This paper describes the heuristics people use to study and learn maps. Verbal protocols obtained from eight subjects suggested four categories of procedures that were invoked during learning: attention, encoding, evaluation, and control. The use of certain heuristics in each category was highly predictive of learning success. Good learners differed from poor...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thorndyke,Perry W, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *HEURISTIC METHODS, *MAPS, IMAGE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This pamphlet has been designed to provide you with a history of the Ranger and to orient you on the Ranger course. For the prospective student, it answers many questions that will assist in preparation for Ranger training. The Ranger course has the capability of developing the overall combat potential of junior leaders to a higher degree than any other course in the Army. Men who make excellent tactical decisions in the classroom or in normal training programs, sometimes fail miserably under...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY INFANTRY SCHOOL FORT BENNING GA, *ARMY TRAINING, *COMBAT READINESS, *INFANTRY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Air Force's poor air combat results in Vietnam prompted more realistic training programs to improve our fighter pilot's air combat effectiveness. The establishment of dissimilar air combat training (DACT) conducted by a professional 'aggressor' force has given Tactical Air Command fighter pilots the hostile environment and realistic adversary that were lacking in a predominantly F-4 fighter force. This thesis examined the need for F-5E Aggressor Squadrons to perform the DACT role now...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wood,Barry K, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *FLIGHT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The past 15 years have seen important advances in the understanding of behavioral decision processes. Despite these advances there has been surprisingly little attention paid to the training of decision makers. This report provides a summary of a conference held in July 1976 in Eugene, Oregon to evaluate the state of knowledge regarding the training of decision makers, identify important research questions and recommend directions for future research. The report provides both a brief review of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Goodman ,Barbara, OREGON RESEARCH INST EUGENE, *ARMY TRAINING, DECISION MAKING,...
This report presents an annotated bibliography of reports generated by projects funded by the DoD, pertaining to the subject of psychological stress (studies in which the emphasis was on physiology were excluded). The 356 entries are arranged chronologically by year. There is a brief discussion of the extent and focus of DoD interest in the subject of stress, and an index to reports based on a content classification. Current on-going Work Units are annotated in a separate section. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lester,James T, OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH BOSTON MASS, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This Technical Communication reviews the results of several research studies with respect to the attitudes of office users toward the 'landscaped', open office concept, or Burolandschaft, and advances a general conclusion concerning the functional efficiency of landscaped offices. It is generally concluded that 'space planning' for complex office environments requires an integrated, total system approach in which specification of user requirements and performance criteria is given first and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gorrell, E. L., DEFENCE AND CIVIL INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE DOWNSVIEW (ONTARIO),...
Contents: The State of Air Power History; Air Power and Warfare, 1903-1941, World War II in the Air: Different National Experiences; World War II: American Air Leadership; The Search for Maturity in American Postwar Air Doctrine and Organization, 1945-1953; Air Power Limits in Limited War, 1947- 1978; A Major Pioneer Looks at Air Power; Insights into Technology and Air Warfare: Past, Present, Future; The Eighth Military History Symposium in Perspective.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hurley, Alfred F, OFFICE OF AIR FORCE HISTORY WASHINGTON DC, *AIR POWER, WEAPON...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this article is to create a general framework for the study of parallel algorithms. A taxonomy of parallel algorithms, based on their relations to parallel computer architectures, is introduced. Examples of parallel algorithms for many architectures are given; they include algorithms for SIMD array processors, for MIMD multiprocessors, and for direct chip implementations. By presenting these algorithms in a single place, issues and techniques in designing algorithms for various...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kung,H T, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, *PARALLEL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This document provides guidelines to the military commander on expected human performance degradation of continous ground combat. Degradation projections are based on extrapolations from scientific literature and realistic scenarios of continuous operations. The advantages and application of task restructuring, task reallocation, and work rest management concepts in the continuous operations context are presented along with considerations for training, system design, and performance support....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Siegel, Arthur I, APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES INC WAYNE PA SCIENCE CENTER, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Guidelines are presented for the measurement of human resources relative to maximizing unit effectiveness during continuous operations. Concrete 'ground rules' for personnel management are presented vis-a-vis continuous operations. Steps to take prior to actual combat are given along with methods for controlling performance degradation during continuous operations. Projected soldier effectiveness as a function of battle length and type of unit are presented.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kopstein, Felix F, APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES INC WAYNE PA SCIENCE CENTER, *ARMY...
This study examines the United States Army's activities in psychological and unconventional warfare during and after World War II to determine the impetus for, and origins of, the formal 'special warfare' capability created in 1952 with the establishment of the Psychological Warfare Center at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. With the impetus of the Korean War, heightening cold war tensions, and the persistent pressures of Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., the Army created an unprecedented staff...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Paddock, Alfred H., Jr, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This is the third volume of a series dealing with human performance in continuous operations. This volume documents the technical procedures used to analyze adverse effects and to project diminished human performance capabilities during continuous operations, as described in Volumes I and II of this series. Specifically, the present volume (Volume III of the set): (1) depicts the technical aspects of the development of the prior two volumes, (2) updates a prior survey of the literature...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Siegel, Arthur I., APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES INC WAYNE PA SCIENCE CENTER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report describes the design, principles of operation, and performance characteristics of an Advanced Development Model of a voice recognition system (VRS) which can serve to input cartographic data to a computer. The completed system has been installed at the Defense Mapping Agency Aerospace Center (DMAAC) at St. Louis, MO, for evaluation and testing. The VRS is intended for use in entering by voice cartographic data to the Digital Landmass System (DLMS) Data Base. It was designed to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Scott,Phillips B, THRESHOLD TECHNOLOGY INC DELRAN N J, *SPEECH RECOGNITION, *VOICE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report contains an introduction to the background of the seminar and seven papers dealing with issues around research in the area of Heterogeneity and Productivity as they relate to affirmative action and equal employment opportunity. The report concludes with a panel discussion and a list of participants. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Alderfer,Clayton, CZA INC WASHINGTON DC, *PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The accuracy of centrally produced prognoses has improved throughout the past 20 years; however, several studies have shown negligible improvement in weather forecasting. Available data, more than 100 journal articles, were reviewed to independently evaluate weather forecasting improvement. Overall forecasting skill improved for most weather elements; however, improvement was not obtained by all. This led to a review of other factors (education, experience, interest, and procedures) that might...
Topics: DTIC Archive, German, Kenneth E, AIR WEATHER SERVICE SCOTT AFB IL, *FORECASTING, *SKILLS, *WEATHER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics include the 'just' war theory. An annotated bibliography of 191 references supplements earlier bibliographies on such subjects as Aggression Theory and Human Nature; Christian Conscience and War; Collective vs. Individual Responsibility; Combatants and Noncombatants; Rules of Warfare; Nonviolence, Pacificism and Conscious Objection; etc.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jeffries, William C, MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY, *WARFARE, *ETHICS, MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The study examines military training as a total system comprised of four major subsystems: Recruiting and AFEES, Recruit Training, Specialized Skill Training, and Unit Training. Internal and external influences were examined in terms of their affect on the system as a whole. The major recommendation concerns the establishment of an organization to improve the overall management of the training system. Specific training operations are also addressed, and recommendations presented. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rosenblum, Donald E, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY PERSONNEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this project was to research, collect, and evaluate all available information on Decision Support Systems (DSS) Theory. DSS are interactive, conversational computer systems supporting decision makers. DSS rely heavily on human intuition, judgement, and experience as an integral part of the decision process. DSS designers emphasize the interfacing mechanisms between the decision maker and the computer. Terms characterizing DSS include: computer-based, interactive, conversational,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jarvis,John J, BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABS OH, *BIBLIOGRAPHIES, *DECISION THEORY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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When it was established in 1946, the Office of Naval Research was the main channel for Federal support of science in the United States. Since there are few fields of science or technology that cannot be related directly or indirectly to Navy requirements, the real choice becomes one of emphasizing areas of particular interest where anticipated results may have a direct bearing on future naval activities. Most research programs within ONR are organized along disciplinary lines, the main...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Salkovitz, Edward I., OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *NAVAL RESEARCH, COASTAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Synopsis of all current exploratory development programs in which the Marine Corps has expressed an interest; includes program outline, performing agency, POC, and phone number. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION COMMAND QUANTICO VA DEVELOPMENT CENTER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In this paper, we present methods for comparing and evaluating forecasters whose predictions are presented as their subjective probability distributions of various random variables that will be observed in the future, e.g. weather forecasters who each day must specify their own probabilities that it will rain in a particular location. We begin by reviewing the concepts of calibration and refinement, and describing the relationship between this notion of refinement and the notion of sufficiency...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DeGroot,Morris H, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF STATISTICS, *TEST AND...
This study attempts to determine if there is a change in soldiers value systems after completion of Infantry One Station Unit Training using a modified Rokeach Value Survey. The review of the literature covers material concerning human values that relates to performance and effectiveness in an organization. The study indicates a modest reshaping of soldiers' value system, particularly terminal values, in consonance with the Professional Army Ethic. There are no major statistically significant...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Krysa,John C, ARMY MILITARY PERSONNEL CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA, *ARMY TRAINING, *VALUE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This article examines some of the implications of innovation research for organizational development. Since the underlying values that guide organizational development activities are humanistic, change agents are often invited to concentrate their energies more on increasing personal growth than on the improvement of organizational performance. There is, however, no basis for assuming that self actualization will make organizations more effective or efficient. The aim of article is to show how...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Davis, Robert H., ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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System design and the world of work are undergoing profound changes. In a period when automation is replacing the need for finely tuned perceptual-motor activities by skilled operators, human productivity is no longer easily assessed in terms of unit output. New systems place increased demands on the cognitive and decision-making aspects of human performance. The role of people in systems is shifting to those of monitoring and directing otherwise automatic processes in industrial production,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC COMMITTEE ON HUMAN FACTORS, *HUMAN FACTORS...
This report describes the implementation of individualized instruction at a USMC Instructional Management School (IMS), which trains instructors of professional military education courses. The IMS instructor course was converted from fixed-entry, lock-step and lecture-base to variable-entry, self-paced, application-base. Course materials were modularized so that training could be tailored to individual needs.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Flaningam,Michael R, HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *SCHOOLS,...
Examined the effectiveness of a program of structured interviews (COMTRAIN) with battalion resource personnel in facilitating transition in command at the company level. Comparisons of 45 commanders who implemented the COMTRAIN transition package with 45 who did not demonstrated no overall performance enhancement from COMTRAIN use. However, COMTRAIN was found to improve performance ratings for commanders (1) without experience in the battalion prior to assumption of command; (2) with an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miller, Richard L., HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The authors provide guidelines for setting-up a sample one-on-one course for riflemen. The course for two players include a defender with an M16 and an attacker with both an M16 and grenades. The course utilizes MILES and practice grenades with fuses. Scoring strategy of the exercise enhances the development of realistic weapons and combat tactics. The guidelines provide: course requirements, instruction to scorers, procedures for scorers, instructions to both players, and score sheets for both...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barba, Melvin A, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Paper describes the acquisition process for Army libraries from conception of the idea to installation of the system. Detailed are the AR 18-8 documentation requirements, information to be included in the (RFP) Request for Proposal, and papers required by procurement. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hawthorne,Judy A, FITZSIMONS ARMY MEDICAL CENTER AURORA CO, *Contract proposals,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose and use of two worksheets designed for collection and analysis of probability forecast data is explained. Instructions for use of HP-97 computer software for computing Brier Score and related statistics are also provided.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bachman,Robert G, WEATHER WING (2ND) APO NEW YORK 09012, *Weather forecasting,...
The usual frameworks applied to the analysis of military decision making describe the decision process according to the rational model. The assumptions inherent in this model. however, are not consistent with the reality of warfare's inherent uncertainty and complexity. A better model is needed to address the ambiguilty actually confronting the combat commander. The garbage can model of organizational choice, a nonrational approach to decision making, provides insight into how the elements of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Athens, Arthur J., NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SIMULATION, *DECISION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Abstracts
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, *Naval research,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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On June 27-28, 1983, the Organizational Effectiveness Program, Office of Naval Research, sponsored a workshop on productivity in the federal sector. Objectives of the meeting were to bring together productivity-enhancement researchers and managers to: a) exchange information on their programs and research, and b) identify issues and problems that could benefit from new or expanded research. Eighteen papers were given. This report contains a summary of highlights from the speakers' presentations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, King,B T, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION ALEXANDRIA VA MANPOWER RESEARCH AND ADVISORY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A handbook and associated study guide and test forms were developed to assist instructors in individualizing courses. The handbook is designed primarily for use at formal school settings and for professional military education courses, but may have potential applications to other training settings. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Joyner,J N, HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *Individualized...
This report describes the historical records of the office of the Director of Navy Laboratories from 1960-1980. It lists the records down to the file heading level and indexes them by chronological period, alphabetical file heading, and keyword. The report includes a brief administrative history of the office and organizational charts.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nowicke, Carole E., DAVID W TAYLOR NAVAL SHIP RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper discusses Operation MARKET-GARDEN, which occurred during World War II. This operation combined a massive airborne insertion with a coordinated ground attack to secure the territory. The operation is described as planned and as performed. The best tools for analysis of a historical battle to the next, but the principles of war will always be the same. This paper discusses how the principles of war by itself may not be the reason for a failure or loss; however, when one combatant...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Green, W V, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *AIR DROP OPERATIONS, ATTACK,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In 1976-77, a study of race relations/equal opportunity education and training in the Army was undertaken. One conclusion of that study was that a comprehensive model should be developed which would bring a systematic structure to all EO education and training being conducted for Army members. The present study attempts to do that. Volume I describes the three major components of the model, Individual EO Training in Army Schools, Unit EO Training, and EO Training for Unit Supervisors, Leaders...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brown, Dale K, HUMAN SCIENCES RESEARCH INC MCLEAN VA, *ARMY TRAINING, *RACE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Mentoring is a relatively long-term relationship between an older and a younger adult where the senior member of the relationship plays a major role in shaping and molding the younger member in his or her professional career. Previous research in the private sector indicated that a majority of the senior executives of major United States corporations had mentors who helped them in their careers. This research surveyed the students at College to determine the prevalence of mentoring among high...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Uecker, M. E., AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND...
The study reviews current academic behavior theory, training and motivation practice of successful industrial companies and current U.S. Army training and motivation doctrine and policies. Study methodology was essentially a review of: (1) current written works on learning/motivation behavior theory, (2) the latest books on management for excellence in industry, and (3) army training regulations and leadership programs for instruction. These were supplemented by information, written and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Haines,C O, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY TRAINING, *COGNITION,...
The Proceedings document the workshop presentations and group reports. Combat stress casualties were analyzed for their historical significance. Recommendations to correct deficiencies in combat psychiatry and mental health services were discussed. The factors influencing combat behavior were examined. Tasks for identification and treatment of combat stress casualties were presented. Originator supplied keywords include: combat stress; combat casualties; prevention and treatment.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mangelsdorff,A D, ACADEMY OF HEALTH SCIENCES (ARMY) FORT SAM HOUSTON TX HEALTH CARE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report is a comprehensive index and guide to oral histories on naval research and development. Tapes and transcripts of the interviews, prepared during the past twenty years, are held in Navy, Federal Government, and nongovernmental respositories. Abstracts and indicies by name and subject have been prepared for each interview. The report includes contact points at repositories holding the materials, and an acronym and abbreviation list. Keywords include: Military History, Naval History,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nowicke, Carole E, DAVID W TAYLOR NAVAL SHIP RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER BETHESDA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report documents a research effort conducted by the Force Design Analysis Division, Studies and Analysis Directorate, Combined Arms Operations Research Activity (CAORA) to examine the front-end force design process executed by Force Design Directorate, CACDA. Research resulted in a description of the force design process, identification of steps in the process requiring analytic support and proposed methodologies to execute comparative analysis of alternative force designs. Additional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacobs,J A, COMBINED ARMS OPERATIONS RESEARCH ACTIVITY FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study identifies measures that can be taken by commanders to minimize the occurrence and impact of battlefield stress before and during combat. This is achieved through an examination of the writings of the classic military philosophers, articles on combat stress in the major military engagements of this century, and the conclusions of clinical studies on combat stress on the battlefield are identified and discussed. A bridge from the past to the future is made by examining those...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Flora, Dale B., ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *WARFARE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Deception, its significance in peacetime, in war, and in war avoidance, and how to counter deception, are topics of a widening public literature. This bibliography of open literature on detection in the English language includes sections on: (1) arms control and deception; (2) behavior of targets of deception; (3) bibliographies on deception; (4) China: military and political deception; (5) countering deception; (6) general deception studies; (7) historical studies; (8) human deception; (9)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stanley,Zell, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *BIBLIOGRAPHIES, *DECEPTION, USSR, WARFARE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This project is an historical analysis of combat stress reaction. It traces the evolution of the identification, treatment and prevention of combat stress throughout American wars. It also draws upon lessons learned from the Israelis, and assesses the Prison of War (POW) combat stress reaction. Keywords: Battle Fatigue; War neurosis; Anxiety; and Stress psychology.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kreager,Robert Allen, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Much of the military reform debate has centered around the question of whether the AirLand Battle Doctrine or the Maritime Strategy is the correct one for the United States, as if they were mutually exclusive. The thrust of this entire portion of the debate needs to be refocused and the Joint Chiefs of Staff must take the initiative in doing so. The facts support the idea that both doctrines are one in the same at the operational level of war; they are both based on identical, sound, viable...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bradley,John E , Jr, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *JOINT...
A literature review and annotated bibliography were compelled to provide an introduction to the three Infantry weapon systems (M16A1 Rifle, TOW, and DRAGON antitank guided missiles), considering the three subsystems (training criteria, training content, and trainee selection) within each system's training course. Two hundred sixty-six documents were identified and abstracted: of these, one hundred five are variously cited in the review narrative. The review describes and discusses the hardware,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smillie, Robert J., LITTON MELLONICS SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT DIV FORT BENNING GA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The guideline contains procedures that training developers at U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) schools can use to prepare drill training packages (including drills and drill training/management aids) for integrated individual and collective training of combat arms units at squad level and below. The document provides an introduction to the drill concept and calls out the advantages accruing to the use of drills; identifies and discusses the steps in the design of drills, drill...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hiller, Jack H, ARMY RESEARCH INST FIELD UNIT PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY CA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is sponsoring development of a DoD Gateway Information System (DGIS) to provide online, streamlined methods for identifying, accessing, searching and analyzing data from heterogeneous databases of interest to the DoD community. At the core of the gateway system is a Directory of Resources which contains information on the content, scope and availability of selected databases. Presently, the Directory references over 430 DoD-sponsored R&D...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacobson, Carol E, DEFENSE TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA OFFICE OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This monograph examines the role of initiative in AirLand Battle doctrine as contained in the 1986 edition of Field Manual 100-5, 'Operations'. It concludes that although the tenet of initiative is clearly defined as setting the terms of battle by action, this concept is never fully developed. The terms of battle are never defined and most of the manual treats initiative as if it were an exclusive attribute of offensive action. For instance in discussing the defense, seizing the initiative...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Oberst,David J, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Central to the design and conduct of campaigns and major operations is the concept of gravity. The purpose of this study is to discern the key considerations the at operational commanders and planners must understand to identify and attack the enemy's operational center of gravity. Following an evaluation of the theoretical propositions of Clausewitz and Jomini that pertain to the concept of center of gravity, the study analyzes in detail two World War II operations- the 1941 Crusader and 1942...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Griswold,Myron J, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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ARI designed the Drill Training Package in response to a CSofA policy directive in 1980 to standardize training for small units (such as the rifle squad) through programs which integrated individual and collective training. Working with the Army Training Board as project sponsor, ARI developed a small- unit training program featuring: squad and platoon drills to be executed in response to enemy threat or leader order; standardized training procedures and conditions; explicitly integrated...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hiller, Jack H, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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ARI designed the Drill Training Package in response to a CSofA policy directive in 1980 to standardize training for small units (such as the rifle squad) through programs which integrated individual and collective training. Working with the Army Training Board as project sponsor, ARI developed a small- unit training program featuring: squad and platoon drills to be executed in response to enemy threat or leader order; standardized training procedures and conditions; explicitly integrated...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hiller, J H, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper is about command in the 'training base.' It is not a paper of do's and don'ts' nor does it contain specific directions for doing things. Instead, it presents the command philosophy of one former training battalion commander through a selected number of subjects normally associated with command. The subjects addressed are those considered most important in a survey of ten former and present training battalion commanders. In general, the philosophy is soldier-oriented with emphasis on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Henry,Edwin H, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY TRAINING, *BATTALION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The organizational trend toward increasing bureaucracy and rationality in the American military during the post-World War II period is described. The effect of this trend of the professional officer corps is examined using a symbolic interactionist approach drawing the theoretical link between structures and individuals. The danger of the dominance of 'bureaucractic-managerial' officer sterotypes in the peacetime military is raised. The performance of the officer corps is examined in the combat...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cone, Robert W, ARMY MILITARY PERSONNEL CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA, *LEADERSHIP,...
The article demonstrates the importance of human element military history to Air Force officers. It analyzes and compares combat situations during early 19th-century ground warfare and modern aerial combat. Using Clausewitz as a basis, it demonstrates enough comparisons to validate this approach to professional and intellectual development.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wells,Mark K, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *WARFARE, AERIAL WARFARE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The light infantry division remains a contentious force development issue to this day. Concerns have been raised over the potential return to a 'hollow army' by creating a new force design with no subsequent increase in Army end strength, sustainability of light forces on the battlefield and general war fighting capabilities. Yet the light divisions were created to better balance a force structure that was unbalanced in heavy forces that did not allow flexibility of response options to the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kellogg,J K , Jr, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIVISION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study identifies stress-coping techniques which the individual soldier can use to control his responses to battlefield stress, in order to maximize his performance. The nature of stress, its signs and symptoms, stressors, casualty rates, and treatment principles are identified and discussed. Coping techniques are compared against a set of criteria for applicability on the battlefield. The time periods of before, during, and after combat actions are used as a framework for relating coping...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Schoeppner, Dennis W, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS,...