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This thesis examines the generalship, leadership, and operational art of General James N. Mattis, US Marine Corps by using Task Force 58 in Afghanistan as a formative base and then comparing elements of operational art to the conduct of the 1st Marine Division in Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003. Mattis draws upon many historical influences that shape his operational design in both campaigns. He puts great effort and focus on ensuring that his commander's intent is understood by all his...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *LEADERSHIP, *MARINE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The command and control (C2) core function can be somewhat difficult to grasp. For example, consider the service publication Global Vigilance, Global Reach, Global Power for America. This compelling piece lays out concise, one-page descriptions of the original five Air Force core functions: air and space superiority; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR); rapid global mobility; global strike; and C2.1 The first four core functions have power and clarity. They are the legacy of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AIR FORCE OPERATIONS, *COMMAND AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Almost 2,400 years ago, Plato wrote, Yet a true creator is necessity, which is the mother of our invention. These words have resonated through the centuries and have transformed to a maxim describing how challenging conditions are often needed to spark innovation, especially in environments reluctant to change. As the wars of this century begin to fade, the US military faces a daunting fiscal environment, personnel drawdowns, and continually altering threats that create ideal conditions for new...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *CREATIVITY, *MILITARY...
Psychological fitness, as part of the Total Force Fitness (TFF) construct, is defined as the integration and optimization of cognitive processes and abilities, behaviors, and emotions to positively affect performance, well-being, and response to stress. These resilience factors can be thought of as antecedents of a complex process whereby individuals deal with stress. As such, they provide the foundation for psychological fitness. This report focuses on three categories of key resilience...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), COGNITION, EMOTIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report was written as part of a project entitled Joint Operational Concepts for an Uncertain Future. The focus of the research became an effort to assess the challenges that U.S. Army airborne forces may face in the future and identify capabilities airborne forces will need to effectively address those challenges. This report summarizes threats to the current U.S. airborne force and explores the concept of an airborne light armored infantry force as a possible means to mitigate those...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *AIRLIFT OPERATIONS, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES,...
The ability of soldiers and crews to engage the enemy successfully has been fundamental to the operational success of the U.S. Army since its founding and remains so today. As a result, the Army devotes considerable resources and effort to developing and maintaining weapon-system proficiency. In 2010, over a billion dollars were spent to buy training ammunition, and many dollars were spent maintaining and providing the training aids, devices, simulators, simulations, ranges, and targetry...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *ARMY TRAINING, OPERATIONAL READINESS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Joint and service doctrine clearly defines supporting, supported, and subordinate command relationships. Recent operations, however, exhibit confusion at the staff officer level regarding these command relationships. The confusion manifests itself in more than a simple misunderstanding of terminology, particularly when air forces are employed as part of a joint operation. Instead, joint staff officers mistake airpower s common role as a supporting force for one of subordination. The difference...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, *AIR POWER, *JOINT...
Military deployment can have profound effects on physical and mental health. Fewstudies have examined whether interventions prior to deployment can improvemechanisms underlying resilience. Mindfulness-based techniques have been shown to aid recovery from stress and may affect brain-behavior relationships prior to deployment. The authors examined the effect of mindfulness training on resilience mechanisms in active-duty Marines preparing for deployment. Eight Marine infantry platoons (N=281)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, *MILITARY TRAINING, *RESILIENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Lieutenant William McCarty Little a war-gaming visionary was truly a man ahead of his time. Although physically sight impaired and medically retired from active naval service, he opted to use his ideational vision and keen mind to support the Naval War College, in Newport, Rhode Island, during its first few years of operation after its founding in 1884. Initially an unpaid volunteer, he was appointed in 1887 as a member of the faculty, where he developed two-sided war gaming at the College a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI, *WAR GAMES, BATTLES, DECISION MAKING, ENVIRONMENTS,...
U.S. military personnel have been engaged in operations in Central Asia and the Middle East for the past decade. Members of the armed forces also deploy to other regions of the world. Many aspects of deployments have the potential to contribute to individual stress, such as uncertainty about deployment time lines; culture shock in theater; fear of or confrontation with death or physical injury; environmental challenges, such as extreme climates and geographical features; austere living...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *FOOD SERVICE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Disaster responders are exposed to continuous periods of intense stress, and as a consequence, some suffer mental or emotional adverse effects. In recognition of critical stress as a valid concern, many emergency service providers have attempted, organizationally, to provide their responders with access to traditional critical stress interventions. But when a catastrophic event occurs and mutual aid is invoked, disaster workers and volunteers will respond from diverse jurisdictions, frequently...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis examines four periods of the U.S. Navy s history, each following a major conflict that perpetuated a decline in institutional and strategic focus, and then ending in a rebirth of innovation. The object is to place the events drove the Navy toward stagnation into historical context and identify similarities between the cycles of stagnation and innovation. The central questions this thesis seeks to answer are: (1) Do shrinking budgets and austerity perpetuate stagnation? (2) What are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *NAVY,...
As the U.S. Army transitions its training strategy to meet the goals of the Army Learning Model (ALM), there will be a commitment to leverage mobile devices for Soldier training and education. The ease of this transition will be determined, in part, by the extent to which Soldiers are already familiar with mobile devices, use them in their daily lives, and their willingness to incorporate them into their professional lives. This paper reports findings on mobile device ownership, usage, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Introduction The CERP project aims to create a systems-based model for describing and evaluating resilience, with the expert input of a diverse group of scientists who help to identify metrics and create a testable model of resilience such that it can be applied to the evaluation of resilience, health and fitness in military populations. The specific aims of CERP are to: 1) Review and identify key domains for systems based assessment of health and fitness with particular relevance to military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SAMUELI INST ALEXANDRIA VA, *MEDICAL RESEARCH, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *VETERANS(MILITARY...