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The expanded development and employment of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) places a disproportionate focus on the importance of technology over humans in airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operations. The surge of airborne ISR in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2008 solidifies the importance of manned ISR aircraft and aircrews. Manned airborne ISR provides an indispensable combat capability because technology alone cannot replace the situational awareness, analytical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT FORCES STAFF COLLEGE, *AIRBORNE, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The technological superiority that we and our partners and allies have enjoyed for the past 50 years can no longer be assured, and recognition of this requires a new approach to research and engineering. We must open our science and technology aperture and employ much greater collaboration in making our technology investment decisions. Simply, the Department of Defense (DoD) Research and Engineering (R&E) Enterprise (Table 1) must deliver a more coordinated and coherent R&E program,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *COOPERATION, *MILITARY RESEARCH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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For more than five decades, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has been a world leader in science and technology (S&T); however, it currently faces a range of challenges to maintaining that leadership. Cutting-edge research and development (R&D) is increasingly dispersed internationally. It has also expanded beyond the domain of established universities and large, longstanding corporations, and DoD does not have the same depth of relationships with newer technology companies,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING) WASHINGTON DC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The tutorial described in this report was conducted at the Interservice/Industry Training Simulation and Education Conference (IITSEC) in Orlando, FL, in December 2014. The purpose of this tutorial is 5-fold: 1) understand the differences between adaptive and adaptable systems; 2) understand the key components of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs); 3) understand the potential of ITSs as one-to-one tutors and where ITS technologies are most applicable in the training and educational domain; 4)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Self-adaptive systems overcome many of the limitations of human supervision in complex software-intensive systems by endowing them with the ability to automatically adapt their structure and behavior in the presence of runtime changes. However, adaptation in some classes of systems (e.g., safety-critical) can remarkably benefit by receiving information from humans (e.g., acting as sophisticated sensors, decision-makers), or by involving them as system-level effectors to execute adaptations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INST, *REASONING, ADAPTIVE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This final overarching report in a series documents research and recommendations RAND offered to the Air Force to help strengthen the development of a new office responsible for monitoring and promoting resilience among Air Force Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. Efforts to boost resilience have become an important military response to suicide and other markers of distress and poor health. The report reviews the concepts and measures of resilience, resilience factors,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, *MENTAL HEALTH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Automations allow us to reduce the need for humans in certain environments, such as auto-pilot features on unmanned aerial vehicles. However, some situations still require human intervention. Adaptive automation is a research field that enables computer systems to adjust the amount of automation by taking over tasks from or giving tasks back to the user. This research develops processes and insights for adaptive automation designers to take theoretical adaptive automation ideas and develop them...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF...
While human tutoring and mentoring are common teaching tools, current US Army standards for training and education are group instruction and classroom training, also known as one-to-many instruction. Recently, the US Army has placed significant emphasis on self-regulated learning (SRL) methods to augment institutional training where Soldiers will be largely responsible for managing their own learning. In support of the US Army Learning Model and to provide affordable, tailored SRL training and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
The Military Health System (MHS) uses a variety of systems and processes to manage its most important asset its people. Chief among the systems employed to do this is the Defense Medical Human Resource System-internet (DMHRSi). DMHRSi has been fully operational for more than five years now, but the overall value of this system has not been assessed. In light of ongoing fiscal challenges, a new MHS governance structure, and a strategic shift toward Joint medical operations, now is the time to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL, *HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT, BENEFITS, COST EFFECTIVENESS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The objective of this research is to create an interface that is tailored to individual Soldiers' cognitive styles, individual differences, and expertise while at the same time reduces the interface complexity perceived by the Soldier. This interface design will improve upon existing adaptive interfaces by going beyond adaptation to the individual's prior actions and tailoring the interface to how each user perceives, processes, and filters information without the added complexity of current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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After more than a decade of counterinsurgency and stability operations, the strategic security environment is different and the joint force must rebalance military capabilities across the strategic defense framework. However, conflict exists between short-term desires and long-term imperatives. Recent changes in organization and employment by some elements of the joint force, although appearing as a panacea to the next Benghazi-like catastrophe, are merely innovations for innovation s sake and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *CRISIS...
For the past two decades, the U.S. Air Force has operated with impunity from air bases that have been relatively safe from attack. This may become more challenging in the future, as U.S. security policy places greater emphasis on ensuring U.S. presence in the Pacific. The rebalance to the Pacific could expose U.S. and allied air bases to significant ballistic and cruise missiles from a near-peer power. Ensuring resilient combat operations in denied environments (CODE) will likely require a mix...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA, *AREA DENIAL, *MILITARY CAPABILITIES,...