Skip to main content

Additional Collections

Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.

More right-solid
More right-solid
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 862
favorite 0
comment 0
This study was charged to help DOD make adaptability a core value -- a part of the culture of the enterprise, both its processes and people. The Defense Science Board has identified what it believes are the key elements of a strategy to promote adaptability within the Department of Defense. * Align enterprise functions to support mission outcomes. Couple enterprise functions to mission outcomes by tying deliverables with operational timelines. * Reduce uncertainty through better global...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 774
favorite 0
comment 0
This report represents a distillation of current social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) research findings on violent extremism: What is the cultural basis for violent extremism and radicalization? What motivates individuals and groups to violence, and how is that risk measured? How does our understanding of these findings educate the mitigation of extremism? Can it be prevented or reversed? These and other topics are outlined here to open a forward-looking dialog in the research and policy...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH, *PREVENTION, *TERRORISM, BEHAVIORAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 341
favorite 0
comment 0
The annual Conference on the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) took place at the U.S. Army War College (USAWC), in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on October 22-24, 2010.1 The topic for this year's conference was the PLA's lessons from Other People's Wars. Participants at the conference sought to discern what lessons the PLA has been learning from the strategic and operational experiences of the armed forces of other countries during the past 3 decades.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CHINA, *LESSONS LEARNED,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 297
favorite 0
comment 0
As many of its fleets of legacy aircraft types are kept in service well beyond their planned services lives (sometimes in age, sometimes in usage, sometimes both), the United States Air Force (USAF) faces numerous engineering and resource challenges for the continued, cost-effective sustainment of those aging systems. This report details the recommendations made by the USAF Scientific Advisory Board's Sustaining Aging Aircraft (SAA) Study to best position the Air Force to meet those challenges....
Topics: DTIC Archive, SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD (AIR FORCE) WASHINGTON DC, *AGING(MATERIALS), *AVIATION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 291
favorite 0
comment 0
In the current age of abundant, digitized geographic data, the classic, manual approach to geospatial feature discovery and gazetteer creation is cost-prohibitive. While geographic data has become increasingly prevalent on the open Web, it remains largely unstructured and difficult to study. This, the GeoEngine project, has developed generalizable methods for automatic gazetteer generation based on the ample, but unstructured data on the open Web. GeoEngine solves this problem with a three...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CAZOODLE INC CHAMPAIGN IL, *GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS, AFGHANISTAN, DATA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 243
favorite 0
comment 0
A question often asked since the launch of the Arab Spring in January 2011 is what effect will these popular protests have on democracy in the rest of Africa. Frequently overlooked in this discussion is that Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing its own democratic surge during this time with important advances in Guinea, C te d Ivoire, Niger, Nigeria, and Zambia, among other countries. This progress builds on nearly two decades of democratic institution building on the continent. Even so,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC AFRICA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES, *AFRICA,...
The factors ultimately leading to the secession and the anticipated independence of Southern Sudan, from the Government of Sudan, find their foundation in the nation's history, culture, and resource exploitation. As the Comprehensive Peace Agreement is concluded, and the fragile peace settles almost 40 years of civil war, these two nations must understand how to collaborate to continue peace and economic development. Numerous factors and international players are influencing the equilibrium...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED...
The delivery of police services has been governed by various strategic management plans. Flaws exposed in the professional model gave rise to the development of community policing (COP). Eventually, dissatisfaction with COP gave rise to Compstat. Today, Compstat is the dominant strategic model for the provision of police services in the U.S. and, has been credited with significantly improving the delivery of police services. The practical implementation of Compstat has however, exposed certain...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MODELS, *POLICE, *HAZARDS, *MANAGEMENT,...
The Department of Homeland Security continues to anticipate barriers between federal and state entities and continues to research new and innovative ways to break down these barriers in order to enable collaboration with states to build a trained emergency response workforce. New Jersey must also anticipate these barriers and must develop a structured, coherent, and standardized approach to prevention, response, and recovery. This thesis proposes the implementation of a multidiscipline,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *EMERGENCIES, *STANDARDIZATION, *TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 199
favorite 0
comment 0
The Filipino Way of War is the dominant irregular warfare strategy executed by the Filipino warrior throughout the centuries. Armed with severely limited resources, a strong fighting spirit, and deep traditions, the Filipino warrior has always had to look for another method of warfare other than direct and total war. This has led to the indirect path, the path of irregular warfare. This tradition, built upon a foundation of tribal warfare, shaped by resistance to Spanish and American...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *MILITARY STRATEGY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 188
favorite 0
comment 0
From the Mind to the Feet: Assessing the Perception-to-Intent-to-Action Dynamic is an interagency, multidisciplinary collection of 12 essays addressing operational and academic perspectives on the elusive concept of an adversary's intent -- its indicators and relation to behavior. It is primarily intended for the operational and policy community in the Department of Defense, the intelligence community, the Department of Homeland Security, and other US government agencies. The authors are from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL, *BEHAVIOR, *IDEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, DECISION...
The U.S. Air Force Medical Service presented the fifth annual Air Force Medical Research Symposium coordinated by the Air Force Medical Support Agency's Research and Development Division (AFMSA/SGRS). The symposium was held 24-26 August 2010 at the Doubletree Hotel Washington DC- Crystal City, Arlington, VA. The symposium featured two half-days of plenary sessions, one and a half days of scientific presentations, and a poster session. It was organized into four tracks to include: Operational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE SURGEON GENERAL (AIR FORCE) FALLS CHURCH VA, *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL,...
This study examined the techniques employed by collegiate football head coaches in the development of their assistants and staff to find out how they influence leader development in the athletics arena. By conducting a comparison of Army doctrinal competencies and coaching competencies, the paper will seek to identify the key differences and common practices of the Army commander and the head football coach. Within any organization, leader development is essential for success. This statement is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY, *LEADERSHIP,...
The primary purpose of this project is to carry out applied research and development projects and build research capacity in areas of interest to the Department of Defense and the Office of Naval Research. Research areas include communications, computing, command and control, sensors, coastal monitoring, force protection and performance, new materials and devices, data acquisition, imaging technologies, autonomous vehicles and robots, alternative energy sources and energy efficiency, logistics.
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIV SAN LUIS OBISPO, *KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT,...
Gay service member's view of DADT and its repeal contrast sharply to that of service members generally and of Marines in particular. Gay service members overwhelmingly believe DADT compromises their integrity and civil rights while providing no attendant benefits to the all-volunteer force. Gay service members also believe the DADT repeal will have a decidedly positive impact on all factors considered by this study while Marine respondents in particular predict a neutral to negative impact....
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *HOMOSEXUALITY, *MILITARY PERSONNEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 174
favorite 0
comment 0
The U.S. Army relies on tactical-level leaders not for their physical warfighting skills, but for their ability to employ cognitive thought during stressful situations. Cognitive tasks include sensing patterns, deciphering complex environments, creating novel solutions, and synchronizing multiple battlefield systems, to name but a few. The physiological response to combat can degrade that cognitive capability, preventing leaders from performing tasks critical to unit success. This thesis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY, *COGNITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 173
favorite 0
comment 0
This e-book, Topics on the Pathology of Protozoan and Invasive Arthropod Diseases, was originally conceived as a companion volume of our earlier book, Pathology of Infectious Diseases, Helminthiases, published in the year 2000. During the production of the current volume, however, administrative circumstances were not conducive to its publication as a hardcover book. We are pleased nevertheless to be able to present this treatise on protozoan and invasive arthropod related diseases...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMED FORCES INST OF PATHOLOGY WASHINGTON DC, *ARTHROPODA, *TROPICAL DISEASES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 161
favorite 0
comment 0
State sponsorship of terrorism, though not as prevalent as in previous decades, is still a complex phenomenon our government has yet to adequately address, despite the threat it continues to pose to our national security. Current U.S. policy toward state sponsors of terrorism is constrained by a number of laws that mandate that a host of economic and diplomatic sanctions be put in place when a state is designated as a sponsor of terrorism. As such, policymakers must carefully consider all of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *ECONOMIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 156
favorite 0
comment 0
This report describes the accomplishments for the MURI grant General, Unified, Multiscale Modeling to Predict the Sensitivity of Energetic Materials (Grant No. 48101-EG-MUR). This was a comprehensive theoretical/computational research program to develop, validate, benchmark, and apply methods and models to provide predictive capabilities for energetic materials. The thrust of the work was the development of atomic-level models and ab initio quantum chemistry methods that are generally...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MISSOURI UNIV-COLUMBIA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY, *ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, *MATERIALS, *MODELS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 155
favorite 0
comment 0
A disaster with mass casualties or event involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a profound, life-impacting event that can lead to further devastating consequences. Under austere conditions, however, the implementation of altered standards of care can greatly increase the quality of life of individuals injured by such an event. This thesis evaluates, compares, and contrasts, at the various federal, state, and local levels, guidance documents for altered standards of care and presents a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR HOMELAND DEFENSE AND SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 155
favorite 0
comment 0
Founded in 2007, Fires serves as a forum for the professional discussions of all Fires professionals, both active and Reserve Component (RC); disseminates professional knowledge about progress, developments and best use in campaigns; cultivates a common understanding of the power, limitations and application of joint Fires, both lethal and nonlethal; fosters joint Fires interdependency among the armed services; and promotes the understanding of and interoperability between the branches, both...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FORT SILL OK FIRES CENTER OF EXCELLENCE, *ARTILLERY UNITS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 150
favorite 0
comment 0
The ARL Summer Student Research Symposium is an ARL Director s Award Program for all the students participating in various summer scholarship and contract activities across ARL. The goal of the program is to recognize and publicize exceptional achievements made by the students and their mentors in the support of Army science. All college undergraduate and graduate students receiving research appointments and conducting summer studies at ARL are automatically enrolled in the symposium program....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD, *AWARDS, *RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, *STUDENTS, COMPETITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 149
favorite 0
comment 0
PEO Ammunition Vision and Mission: To be a world class organization delivering the most capable and affordable ammunition, weapons and counter IED products to the Joint Warfighter as efficiently as possible. Mission: Develop a workforce focused on continuous improvement and efficiency that delivers innovative, affordable and quality solutions that provide combat overmatch to the Joint Warfighter. PEO Ammo is located at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, the home of the Joint Center of Excellence for Guns...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY PEO (AMMUNITION) PICATINNY ARSENAL NJ, *AMMUNITION, *GUNS, AIR FORCE, ARMY,...
The Department of Defense (DoD) is realizing a current and expected future shortage in experienced acquisition and contracting personnel due, in part, to a hiring freeze in the middle 1990s and the number of personnel that are eligible to retire in the next five years. This Joint Applied Project (JAP) will focus on the Army's current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs within the Army Contracting Command...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ACQUISITION, *ARMY PROCUREMENT, *CONTRACTORS,...
In this paper, esteemed terrorism expert Dr. Stephen Sloan provides a learned narrative about the scholarship and doctrine concerning terrorism and insurgency. In offering his thoughts about the well chronicled flow of terrorism analysis, he identifies how recent trends should be affecting counterterrorism doctrine and policy. In the concluding chapters he provides his views for improving upon the traditional approaches in order to deal with international and virtual threats. The premise of Dr....
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *COUNTERINSURGENCY,...
The purpose of this research is to analyze the level of emphasis placed on the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) categories (health and safety, environment, diversity, human rights, discretionary, and corporate) between defense contractors and companies that receive the majority of their revenues from commercial sources. Five companies were selected from each of the following three groups: defense contractors, top CSR companies, and the largest companies from a diverse industry base. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 140
favorite 1
comment 0
In 2011, as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology marks its 150th anniversary, we celebrate its heritage of advancing scientific knowledge to benefit American industry and society. A vital factor in fulfilling that mission has been the work of Lincoln Laboratory, which in 2011 commemorates its 60th anniversary of providing cutting-edge systems and technologies in support of the Department of Defense and other federal agencies. Lincoln Laboratory has upheld the Institute-wide tradition of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *LABORATORIES, *MILITARY RESEARCH,...
Joint Interagency Task Force-South (JIATF-South) is well known within the U.S. Government as the gold standard for interagency cooperation and intelligence fusion, despite its preference for keeping a low profile and giving other agencies the credit for its successes. It is often cited as a model for whole-of-government problem-solving in the literature on interagency collaboration, and other national security organizations have tried to copy its approach and successes. Despite the plaudits and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *TASK...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 131
favorite 0
comment 0
This thesis presents an analysis of seven factors that contribute to the disparity in treatment of Palestinian refugees in the Levant. The factors are as follows: legal status, economics, politics, space within the state, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Islamists, Palestinians, and identity. Two factors emerge as the main influences on the treatment of Palestinians in the Levant: economics and politics. Jordan needs the Palestinian refugees to help support their rentier economy. Syria...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 129
favorite 0
comment 0
A military's ability to adapt its organization, doctrine, and technology strategy to meet the threats of its time influences the state's capacity to maintain great power status. This thesis uses a historical overview of military innovation among great powers throughout history to draw lessons for the U.S. military today. In this heuristic analysis, it is determined that great powers that integrated between and among their various elements of national power were able to maintain their positions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *LESSONS LEARNED, *MILITARY CRITICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 126
favorite 0
comment 0
The VITAL Research Program will provide a better understanding of the cellular an d molecular processes that drive lung tumorigenesis so that an accurate risk model for recurrence and/or the development of the secondary primary tumor can be developed, and the biologic agents most effective in reducing these events in the group of high-risk patients can be identified. We will be incorporating retrospective clinical trial specimens to develop our risk model and validating it with specimens...
Topics: DTIC Archive, M D ANDERSON CANCER CENTER HOUSTON TX, *LUNG CANCER, ACCURACY, BIOLOGICAL AGENTS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 125
favorite 0
comment 0
ARA supported three RXQL technical programs. Chemical Dynamics: measurements and modeling of large atmospheric releases of chlorine and of ammonia across samples of several soil types; measurements of adsorption of two chemical agent surrogates (dimethyl methylphosphonate and diisopropyl fluorophosphate) on cellulose and silica gel surfaces by inverse gas chromatography, to infer enthalpies of adsorption. Reactive Materials: assembly of textile application apparatus to microwave-cure surface...
Topics: DTIC Archive, APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC PANAMA CITY FL, *AMMONIA, *CHEMICAL AGENTS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 125
favorite 0
comment 0
Northern Uganda has suffered a violent civil conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) for over two decades. The conflict has resulted in over 1.6 million internally displaced persons and over 66,000 abducted children who have been forced into soldiering. In 2006, the LRA could no longer sustain the fight against the Government of Uganda and fled into Southern Sudan. Northern Uganda then shifted from a combat zone into an extremely complex post-conflict...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *COMMUNITY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 124
favorite 0
comment 0
Written information for military purposes is available in abundance. Documents are written in many languages. The question is how we can automate the content extraction of these documents. One possible approach is based on shallow parsing (information extraction) with application specific combination of analysis results. One example of this, the ZENON research system, does a partial content analysis of some English, Dari, and Tajik texts. Another principal approach for content extraction is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FRAUNHOFER SOCIETY WACHTBERG (GERMANY) FRAUNHOFER INST FOR COMMUNICATION INFORMATION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 121
favorite 0
comment 0
The objective of this research paper is to detail our exploration of open source SIP solutions as a viable alternative to building an Assured Services SIP end instrument (aka IP phone) as defined by the DOD Unified Capabilities and requirements specification. This report is based on the following research and validation testing: - L-3 Maritime Systems internal research, - L-3 Maritime Systems VoIP lab research, - L-3 Maritime Systems prototyping of a VoIP Communications Terminal, - Unified...
Topics: DTIC Archive, L-3 COMMUNICATIONS HENSCHEL NEWBURYPORT MA, *NAVAL VESSELS, *SHIP TELEPHONE SYSTEMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 110
favorite 0
comment 0
As the United States focuses on external threats will internal threats sufficient to enable the overthrow of the United States government materialize?. Most contemporary literature prescribes a myriad of solutions to counter a foreign nation's insurgency after it has already manifested. A prudent way to counter an insurgency is to identify it and prevent it before it starts. To know when an insurgency is developing is difficult, but is an important measure for any government to pursue to ensure...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INSURGENCY, *DOMESTIC, *UNITED STATES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 104
favorite 0
comment 0
Strategic Studies Quarterly (SSQ) is the senior United States Air Force-sponsored journal fostering intellectual enrichment for national and international security professionals. SSQ provides a forum for critically examining, informing, and debating national and international security matters. Contributions to SSQ will explore strategic issues of current and continuing interest to the US Air Force, the larger defense community, and our international partners.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL STRATEGIC STUDIES QUARTERLY, *NATIONAL SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 103
favorite 0
comment 0
This monograph describes how a failed state in 2030 may impact the United States and the global economy. It also identifies critical capabilities and technologies the US Air Force should have to respond to a failed state, especially one of vital interest to the United States and one on the cusp of a civil war. Nation-states can fail for a myriad of reasons: cultural or religious conflict, a broken social contract between the government and the governed, a catastrophic natural disaster,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL CENTER FOR STRATEGY AND TECHNOLOGY, *AIR FORCE PLANNING,...
This report results from a contract tasking Institute of High Temperatures RAS as follows: The contractor will investigate the phenomena of plasma-induced ignition of high speed, low temperature air-fuel mixtures using a recirculation zone created by a rearward facing wall step and wall cavity. The plasma will be generated using a multi-electrode, quasi direct-current electrical discharge. Fuel injectors will be located in the recirculation zone. The effects of plasma induced ignition, mixing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES MOSCOW INST OF HIGH TEMPERATURES, *IGNITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 101
favorite 0
comment 0
Little scholarship exists regarding the ways in which members of conflict societies think about the economic decisions they face, and what information they value as relevant to those decisions. The literature of the emerging field of behavioral economics suggests that in uncertain environments, considerable weight may be given to identity and cultural factors when people make decisions that affect personal safety, income, and self-fulfillment. This thesis examines the factors that are important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *AFGHANISTAN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 100
favorite 0
comment 0
In the early 1990s, the Department of the Army abandoned its Skill Qualification Test (SQT) program due primarily to maintenance, development, and administration costs. This left a void in the Army's capabilities for assessing job performance qualification. To meet this need, the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) instituted a 3-year program of feasibility research related to the development of a Soldier assessment system that is both effective and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *COST BENEFIT...
The objective of this effort was to discover patterns of success in the systems engineering of information technology (IT)-intensive systems in a government acquisition environment using the method of positive deviance. Thirty government programs were identified, each with some notable success in the acquisition of IT-intensive capabilities. Twelve were selected for extensive follow-up and analysis, including detailed interviews with front-line practitioners who cope with the demands of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA, *GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT, *INFORMATION SYSTEMS, ACQUISITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 95
favorite 0
comment 0
CHIPS is sponsored by the Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer (DON CIO), the DoD Enterprise Software Initiative and the DON's ESI software product manager team at SPAWARSYSCEN Pacific. CHIPS is published quarterly by SPAWARSYSCEN Atlantic. Topics in this issue include cyberspace efficiency, wireless contracts and cost savings, ballistic missile tracking exercises, diffusion of innovations, and the USS Enterprise cross-connect configuration increases bandwidth.
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER, *CYBERNETICS,...
The Spanish up rising against Napoleon's invasion of Spain forced Napoleon to deal with a new kind of enemy: the Guerrilla. His troops in Spain had to wage to wars, a conventional one against the Spanish army and the British Expeditionary force; and a uilconventioi1alagainst the people themselves. nonetheless, Napoleoi1 always considered this war as a conventional, and directed his general to the regular am1ies. This misunderstanding of the character and power of the Spanish revolt, and his...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, *GUERRILLA...
The technical effort for this program was divided into six major tasks, covering advanced diagnostic techniques, modeling and simulations, fundamental combustion research, high-impact-technology component studies, advanced-propulsion-system concept studies, and advanced-concept high-impact-technology demonstrations. The objectives of this ambitious program were to: Develop and apply advanced diagnostic techniques to the investigation of advanced-concept technologies for future-generation...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS INC DAYTON OH, *LASER DIAGNOSTICS, CASCADES(FLUID...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 91
favorite 0
comment 0
The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, states that the inspector general is responsible for conducting audits, investigations and inspections and for recommending policies and procedures to promote economic, efficient and effective use of agency resources and programs that prevent fraud, waste, abuse and mismanagement. The IG Act also requires the inspector general to keep the Department and Congress fully and currently informed about problems and deficiencies in the Department's...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA VA, *AUDITING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 85
favorite 1
comment 0
The history of the National Reconnaissance Office is a story of how opportunity, necessity, and determination converged to produce an intelligence organization unlike any that had come before. In the late 1950s, rocket and sensor technologies were just reaching a level of maturity so that they could assist the United States in facing the most challenging national security problem of the age: how to analyze Soviet military forces and avert a potential nuclear war. After providing the hard data...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE CHANTILLY VA, *COLD WAR, *HISTORY, *INTELLIGENCE,...
We must recognize building partner capability and capacity as a critical, distinct line of effort that contributes greatly to U.S., partner, regional, and global security. Global stability and security are core foundational requirements for all U.S. vital interests. However, the Nation cannot maintain global security and stability by itself. Given the size of the globe, the multiplicity of cultures and interests, and the sheer cost of maintaining stability and security, the United States must...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *ORGANIZATIONAL...
Rising costs of proprietary equipment in legacy electronic applications are increasingly drawing resources from vital programs. Growing interest in evaluating Open Architecture technology to replace closed systems is evidenced by the number of recent publications on the subject. Researchers have approached this topic from various angles, including lifecycle management, risk simulation, total cost of ownership, and knowledge-value added measures. This exploratory study uses open architecture...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, *OPEN SYSTEM...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 83
favorite 0
comment 0
Dr. Demarest's book gives students and practitioners a pragmatic start point rooted in the classic principles of war and simultaneously in the jurisprudential principles of impunity and culpability -- concepts that apply across the entire plane of human conflict. Demarest reminds us that success in warfare requires control of land, and so an empirical knowledge of geography, both physical and human (if the two could actually be separated) is vital. The study of the spectrum, or firmament, of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FOREIGN MILITARY STUDIES OFFICE (ARMY) FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *CONFLICT, *IDEOLOGY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 82
favorite 0
comment 0
If experience is any guide, it is safe to say that the next decade will be as full of surprises as the past decade. There is no doubt we will be surprised, so our job is to be prepared for the unexpected so that when it arrives, we have the fewest regrets. The Joint Operating Environment (JOE) is U.S. Joint Forces Command's review of possible future trends that present significant security challenges and opportunities for the next quarter-century. From economic trends to climate change, from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *ARMS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 82
favorite 0
comment 0
Counterinsurgents have raised and employed irregular security forces in many campaigns over the last century. Irregular security forces are indigenous forces, not part of the regular police or military organizations of the host nation, that are recruited locally to provide a basic level of security in a given area. Irregular security forces, when used in conjunction with all other available capabilities, contribute to, but do not in and of themselves ensure success. While irregular security...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *COUNTERINSURGENCY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 82
favorite 0
comment 0
The Sultanate of Oman is a key member of the Gulf Cooperation Council and ally of the West located on the strategically critical Straits of Hormuz at the entrance to the Arabian Gulf. Contrasting sharply with its tumultuous past, its political experience of the last 40 years is often offered as a model of successful social, economic, and political development and stability. Oman is an example of how lines on a map emerge as a stable, unified nation. In addition, the ultimate success of Sultan...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, *HISTORY,...
The U.S. Forces European Theater General Board study of mechanized cavalry units illustrates how a systemic study of combat experience can guide interconnected changes to military doctrine, organizations, and equipment. The General Board conducted its study of mechanized cavalry units between September 1945 and January 1946. The study's final report recommended that the Army create a corps cavalry regiment that would perform the full range of traditional horse cavalry missions, including...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 80
favorite 1
comment 0
Over a century ago, the rapid expansion of global overseas trade brought about by the advent of improved steam propulsion and advances in ship design and construction posed new national policy and security questions for the United States. First, to what degree did American economic prosperity depend upon being a major active participant in maritime commerce? Second, what were the naval implications of such action with respect to the extension and defense of important, if not vital, American...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *SPACE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 78
favorite 0
comment 0
The Korean people are exposed to diverse threats from terrorist organizations at home and abroad despite the government's recently increased efforts to cope with terrorist threats. The 9/11 attacks were an important turning point in terrorism and raised questions concerning the effectiveness of anti-terrorism programs to prevent terrorist attacks. As a result of these attacks, the US and the UK undertook great preventive measures in the field of the legal framework, organization, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *KOREA,...
State formation aims to achieve a legitimate monopoly on the use of violence and a legitimate government as perceived by its population. Governments have two principle mechanisms, force and consent, to create the conditions within which it can battle for legitimacy. Penetration is an epiphenomenon of legitimacy; it is a measure of a government's ability to implement its policies within a specific area. Stability operations provide a mechanism by which the international community endeavors to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 77
favorite 0
comment 0
This study argues that interagency teams were a major catalyst in turning around the Iraq War, and that they will disappear from America's arsenal unless the knowledge base supporting the innovation can be secured. Most explanations credit the dramatic reduction in violence in Iraq between 2007 and 2008 to new U.S. leadership, the surge in U.S. forces, and/or U.S. financial support to Sunni tribal leaders. In contrast, we argue that the United States employed an under-appreciated organizational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *SPECIAL...
I am pleased to present this 29th Quarterly Report to the United States Congress and the Secretaries of State and Defense. The $61.45 billion U.S. reconstruction program in Iraq is undergoing its most significant transition since inception eight years ago. Of the many changes that will occur in the balance of 2011, the most momentous will be the departure of all U.S. troops by December 31. This historic event will signal the completion of the civilianizing of the U.S. reconstruction program....
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *IRAQ, ECONOMICS,...
As computers have become a pivotal component of daily lives, computer safety, reliability, and security issues have become enormously important. A considerable amount of recent research in program analysis and software engineering has been carried out on techniques and tools for finding software bugs and security vulnerabilities, and on checking computer-safety properties. Most of this research has focused on analyzing source code. Recently, machine-code analysis has begun to receive great...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WISCONSIN UNIV MADISON, *COMPUTER PROGRAM VERIFICATION, COMPILERS, COMPUTER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 76
favorite 0
comment 0
The Omaha District (District) of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is implementing a Water Quality Management Program (WQMP) as part of the operation and maintenance activities associated with managing the Corps civil works projects in the District. The WQMP addresses surface water quality management issues and adheres to the guidance and requirements specified in the Corps Engineering Regulation ER 1110-2-8154, Water Quality and Environmental Management for Corps Civil Works Projects...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CORPS OF ENGINEERS OMAHA NE MISSOURI RIVER DIV, *MISSOURI RIVER, *WATER QUALITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 76
favorite 0
comment 0
Scholarly literature and anecdotal reports have long suggested that the Americans lack the language skills and cultural competence to carry out the Nation's business effectively, in both the public and the private sectors, despite almost 75 years of federal support for cross-cultural and language education. This study sought to answer the questions whether there is in fact a problem; if so, why; and whether a national strategy for global education could contribute to the solution of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CULTURE, EDUCATION, GLOBAL, HOMELAND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 74
favorite 0
comment 0
It has been some 70 years since the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) quietly came into being as a small, nearly invisible, Washington, D.C.-based organization whose unique capabilities and strategic reach resulted in decisive outcomes within World War II European, Chinese, Southeast Asian and other theaters of operations. Today the record of the OSS survives as far more than a topic of historical curiosity. As a result of its dramatic successes and failures, the OSS has developed a legacy of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *MILITARY PLANNING, *MILITARY...
Enriched stable isotope field uptake studies of 110Cd in the Costa Rica Upwelling dome showed that Cd uptake occurs in waters shallower than 40 m, correlates with chlorophyll a concentrations and is roughly equivalent to the calculated Cd upwelling flux inside the dome. In laboratory experiments, coastal Synechococcus WH5701 exposed to low picomolar quantities of free Cd under Zn deficiency show similar growth rates to no added Cd treatments during exponential growth phase, but show differences...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MA DEPT OF APPLIED OCEAN PHYSICS AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 71
favorite 0
comment 0
The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has designed an Ultra Compact Combustor (UCC) showing viable merit for significantly reducing gas turbine combustor length making it a viable candidate for implementation as an inter-turbine burner and realization of efficiency benefits from the resulting near constant temperature cycle. This concept uses an off-axis combustor cavity and projects approximately 66% length reduction over a conventional combustor. The annular nature of the cavity creates...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 71
favorite 0
comment 0
This handbook is designed to be a reference for aerospace physiologists and technicians in the U.S. Air Force. It contains information about physiologic principles and application of those principles to Air Force flight operations. While it is not designed to be a clinical resource, references to clinical materials are provided to allow further study. The first two sections contain information on basic human physiology and Earth's atmosphere pertinent to the field of aerospace physiology....
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECPRO INC SAN ANTONIO TX, *AEROSPACE SYSTEMS, *HANDBOOKS, *PHYSIOLOGY, AIR FORCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 70
favorite 1
comment 0
Following the period from 1957-1960, when most countries in West Africa broke loose from colonialism and became independent, the need for an integrated and classless society was one of paramount concern to most, if not all, West Africans. But as the former colonies of European powers began to gain independence from their colonial masters, the educated class eventually dominated and controlled the political landscape of their respective countries. These educated elites who formed the leadership...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ECONOMIC IMPACT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 70
favorite 0
comment 0
The thesis proposes a real-time control algorithm for the cooperation of a joint team consisting of a Quadrotor and a Ground robot for coordinated ISR missions. The intended application focuses on indoor environments, where Global Positioning System signals are unreliable or simply unavailable so that the control algorithms must rely on local sensor information. The thesis describes the appropriate set up of the lab and includes simulations using a full dynamic model of the quadrotor and robot,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ROBOTS, ALGORITHMS, GLOBAL POSITIONING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 69
favorite 0
comment 0
The research aimed to identify the different ways in which Army course instructors adapt or tailor their training to meet student needs. Interviews with 81 instructors from 51 courses across four installations were conducted. No single template existed regarding how instructors tailored their training, and some typical modes of tailoring were not described. Instructors provided details of how their courses were conducted, and they also discussed the impediments to tailored training....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BENNING GA, *ADAPTIVE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 69
favorite 1
comment 0
The accompanying report provides a framework for evaluating S&T developments through the lens of their national security implications. This framework allows analysts to assess postulated technologies using a multi-tiered filtering process. The process consists first of a determination of whether the technology qualifies as a weapon of mass effect, a term for which a new definition is provided. The next step assesses whether the technology possesses various qualities that would make it...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP MCLEAN VA, *MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS,...
The homeland security community interacts with U.S. citizens every day and the national strategy for homeland security calls for an active and engaged citizenry to play a significant part in homeland security. The naturalization process that makes new citizens and to the many international variables, such as dual citizenship, that affect any interaction with many naturalized U.S. citizens is often overlooked. This thesis presents a qualitative synthesis of the different types of citizenship...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *HOMELAND SECURITY, COMMUNITIES, INTERNATIONAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 69
favorite 0
comment 0
Military command-and-control structures must adapt to the environment in which they operate. Following World War II, command and control evolved to meet the conditions of the postwar era. Sixty years later, the international system has again changed significantly. Military structures should evolve accordingly, placing particular emphasis on establishing a task-oriented approach to unity of command. This monograph follows the history of the evolutionary process of the Unified Command Plan (UCP)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 67
favorite 0
comment 0
Marine Corps Recruiting Command administers minority officer recruiting, the brunt of which is the responsibility of Officer Selection Officers. Currently, minority officer accessions fail to reflect the demographic composition of the nation's college market. To increase minority rates, MCRC must align minority officer applicant submission goals with the population of eligible, test-score-qualified, male, baccalaureate- degree- seeking students. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze whether...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *OFFICER PERSONNEL, *UNIVERSITIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
texts
eye 67
favorite 0
comment 0
This publication provides tactical-level commanders and staffs with keystone doctrine for operations to prevent, counter, defend, and mitigate the entire range of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats, hazards, and effects including support to combating weapons of mass destruction (CWMD) activities in all operational environments. It addresses operational concepts, principles, fundamentals, planning, operational considerations, and training and support functions. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC, *MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPONS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
texts
eye 67
favorite 0
comment 0
Regarding U.S. relief and reconstruction plans, programs, and operations in Iraq, the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction provides independent and objective: oversight and review through comprehensive audits, inspections, and investigations; advice and recommendations on policies to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness; prevention, detection, and deterrence of fraud, waste, and abuse and information and analysis to the Congress, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *INSPECTION,...