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Center of Excellence (CoE) in STEM Education was established through a partnership between Jackson State University (JSU), Hinds Community College (HCC) and Jackson Public School District (JPSD). Its overarching goal was to develop a STEM pipeline program that will: 1) enhance the STEM academic infrastructure, and 2) mentor students to pursue careers and advanced degrees in STEM disciplines of relevance to the DoD mission. To achieve these goals, important strategic activities (after school...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JACKSON STATE UNIV MS, *EDUCATION, *ENGINEERING, *MATHEMATICS, CAREERS, COMMUNITIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The main objective of the work described in this report is to better understand the flow physics of aircraft wings undergoing highly unsteady maneuvers. Reduced-order models play a central role in this study, both to elucidate the overall dynamical mechanisms behind various flow phenomena (such as dynamic stall and vortex shedding), and ultimately to guide flight control design for vehicles for which these unsteady phenomena are important. Our approach builds upon recent advances in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rowley,Clarence W, Princeton University Princeton United States, unsteady...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). It sets forth joint doctrine to govern the activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations, and it provides considerations for military interaction with governmental and nongovernmental agencies, multinational forces, and other interorganizational partners. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Scott,Kevin D, JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON, Threats, military organizations,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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NMR and D News is a publication of the Naval Medical Research Center, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20910.NMR and D News is published monthly by the NMRC Public Affairs Office. TOC are: Clinical Research Nurses at NMRC; Operationally Relevant Biomedical Research at Joint Task Force Bravo, Soto Cano, Honduras; US Navy a Leader Developing Malaria Vaccine; R and D Chronicles: Part II The Mosquito Fighters; We All Have a Part in Eliminating Sexual Assault; NMRC-Asia Scientists...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER SILVER SPRING MD SILVER SPRING United States, military...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report, dealing with an investigation of multiple seismic events and first zone discriminants, provides results obtained from an investigation of the detection capability of various seismic networks. Such studies are necessary to quantitatively define the detection potential of a given network or to define the network necessary to achieve a required detection potential. The detection surface was determined at individual points by determining the minimum magnitude event necessary to yield...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Taylor, Robert W, WISCONSIN UNIV-MILWAUKEE DEPT OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES, *SEISMIC...
Over the course of the North African campaign, General Eisenhower reorganized Allied Force Headquarters to establish unity of effort within his command. He used the principles of unity of command and multinational staff integration to bring all forces under his operational control, create land and air component commanders that exercised operational control over American, British, and French forces, and to get the right people in the right jobs regardless of nationality. Eisenhower saw unity of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Morris, Harold, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United...
Real-time physiological status monitors (RT-PSM) are an important new category of military wearables in the individual Soldier's technological ecosystem. RT-PSM addresses a gap by providing individual Soldiers and small unit leaders with actionable information needed to ensure individual and squad performance readiness. This summary of accomplishments, requirements and research road-maps identifies what RT-PSM is and is not, how current capabilities can be used in current programs of record,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA BIOPHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL...
The current US Army operating concept, as described in TRADOC Pamphlet 525-3-1, states that the evolving global operating environment contains diverse enemies, employing traditional, unconventional and hybrid strategies that threaten the security and vital interests of the United States. In this dynamic and emergent threat environment, the United States National Command Authority will turn increasingly to Special Operations Forces to conduct Special Warfare activates in order to mitigate or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zimmerman,Douglas W, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth...
Deductive and technological data driven decisions are easy to support and defend when a decision results in failure but the best decision may not always be made when those tools are solely relied upon. This paper will show that the inductive or intuitive process should not be ignored and is also a critical component of leadership. Intuition needs to be identified, developed and utilized by the leader in a technology driven Air Force. Intuition is defined in the paper as the ability to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Slater,Douglas J, Air War College Air University Maxwell AFB United States, decision...
With the implementation of the all volunteer force concept, the Air Force must insure that the objectively measurable range of ability in its manpower pool is being utilized. This is especially true for minority groups who have been categorized and channeled into military career areas based upon their performance on two selection tests: the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) and the Airman Qualifying Examination (AQE). To investigate the relationship of the AFQT and AQE to the general...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McGrevy, David F, AIR FORCE HUMAN RESOURCES LAB BROOKS AFB TX, *INTELLIGENCE, *AIR...
Effectiveness of the naval work force is dependent in part on the motivation of its individual members to do a good job. A study was directed toward understanding what certain of the components of work motivation are. The primary concept involved the person's perceptions of the extent to which he feels in control of his environment (internal view) vs. feeling that events in his life are a result of forces beyond his control (external view). (Modified author abstract)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Broedling, Laurie A, NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Coastal regions are vital to naval operations and have rapidly growing populations making them increasingly vulnerable to storm surge and inundation. The US Navy currently uses the Delft3D modeling suite (Stelling, 1996) for predicting nearshore circulation when inundation is not the primary concern, and PCTides for surge modeling. This report will detail the validation of the new Coastal Surge and Inundation Prediction System (CSIPS) based on Delft3D for operational use by the US Navy....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A C++ coding standard is defined that should be adhered to when writing C++ code. It is primarily addressed to all those involved in the production of C++ code for Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Radar Division software projects such as the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Integrated Topside (InTop) Innovative Naval Prototype (INP) Flexible Distributed Array Radar (FlexDAR) backend software. It was originally derived from the CERN C++ Coding Standard Specification, Version 1.1, dated 5 January...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC ADVANCED RADAR SYSTEMS BRANCH, *HIGH LEVEL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report presents results of an anthropometric survey of U.S. Army Pilots, a subset of a comprehensive U.S. Army anthropometric survey (ANSUR II) completed in 2012 by the Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center. Goals of the survey were to acquire a large body of data from comparably measured males and females to serve the Army Aviation's current design and engineering needs, as well as those anticipated well into the future. Ninety-four directly measured dimensions, 39...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER MA, *ANTHROPOMETRY,...
Karl Mannheim's definition of social generations is used to analyze the current Peoples Liberation Army Navy's (PLAN) Officer Corps. Using a combination of existing quantitative and qualitative information, three social generations are distinguished based on the officer's approximate date of entry into the PLAN. Although this thesis is rooted in social science, several chapters are necessarily a selective historical survey of the PLAN focused upon those events that are expected to be impactful...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Juskiewicz, Brian C, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In a presentation to a Senate-led defense appropriations hearing, the incumbent Air Force secretary, Deborah Lee James, painted a very grim picture in the face of economic sequestration. Todays Air Force is the smallest its been since it was established in 1947, she explained, at a time when the demand for our Air Force services is absolutely going through the roof.(footnote1) Because of far-reaching governmental budget constraints, the Air Force is being forced to make strategic decisions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kaaoush,Kamal J, Joint Military Attache School, Defense Intelligence Agency...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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AC and DC resonant charging hardware tests were conducted with a 15KW DOD standard 400 HZ generator as prime power. DC resonant charging caused vibrations of the generator at the pulsing frequency and instability of the voltage regulator due to the very irregular generator voltage waveform. The input DC voltage to the pulser sagged causing the performance to be lower than expected. An analysis of this problem and the theory to account for this sag is presented. Problems with the triggering of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Silva,Jaime Roberto, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF...
The portions of Bucks and Montgomery counties covered by this report were subject to flooding from East Branch Perkiomen Creek and Indian Creek. A history of flooding in the East Branch Perkiomen Valley is given. Maps, photographs, profiles and cross section are also presented. The information should be considered for its historical nature. Since the publication of this FPI report other Flood Insurance studies have been undertaken and should also be consulted for more current information.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT PHILADELPHIA PA, *FLOODING, HAZARDS, FORECASTING, HISTORY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal's geographical location has been a geographical handicap as well as strategic opportunity for Nepal. With recent economic progress of both neighbors, China and India, Nepal can now sense opportunities to utilize its geographical location to come out of extreme poverty. However, because of the geographical difficulties, it is not easy for Nepal to benefit as much from China's economic progress, as is from India's. This study focuses on Nepal's possibilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Subedi, Sunil, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Territorial disputes have played a major role in the relationship between India and China since the formation of both nationalist governments in 1947 and 1949 respectively. The incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China and unclear borderlines established by the British Empire during their colonization of India set the stage for conflict between the two countries. This conflict culminated in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. China's resulting victory provides an opportunity to study...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Welte, Simon P, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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On 11 October 2012, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta painted a grim picture of the emerging cyber threats to national security; warning of the possibility of a cyber Pearl Harbor should an aggressor nation or extremist group gain control of critical switches or infrastructure.1 Panetta described an attack as destructive as the terrorist attack on 9/11 which could virtually paralyze the nation with derailed trains, spilled chemicals, millions without power, and contaminated water, but is an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dexter,Heidi L, Air Command And Staff College Maxwell Air Force Base United States,...
The first year of the Civil War saw the struggle intensify as both Federal and Confederate militaries had to mobilize forces, install a command structure, and identify strategies for their geographic commanders. In the Western Theater of the war, both Northern and Southern strategies focused upon the Mississippi River as the center of gravity to their respective successes. Island Number Ten was the tenth island south of the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and along with the small...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Murawski, Jeffery J, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The high cost and limited availability of emerging alternative fuels are often major impediments to certification of these fuels as Fit-For- Purpose (FFP) for the U.S. Navy. A method whereby a candidate fuel could be rapidly screened for many FFP properties, using a minimal volume (less than 1 mL), would overcome this limitation. To meet this challenge, algorithmic modeling strategies were derived that establish the statistical relationships between composition and critical FFP fuel properties....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *FUELS, *GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY, ALGORITHMS, CHEMICAL...
In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping unveiled a plan for Chinese economic expansion known as the One Road One Belt plan. This modern day silk road would connect the PRC via seaport to the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean in one route, and from China's coast through the South China Sea to the South Pacific in the other. This thesis assesses the Chinese One Road One Belt economic plan through the historic imperial experiences of Great Britain in the nineteenth-century, Japan in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT FORCES STAFF COLLEGE, *CHINA, *ECONOMIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The purpose of this MBA project is to determine when active duty officers should be allowed to enter into the Army Acquisition Corps Contracting Career Field. Contracting is a highly specialized career field that requires a technically proficient workforce with extensive contracting experience. Given the existing career timeline format, contracting military occupational specialty officers may only have approximately six years of experience working in contracting-related assignments, including...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Crespo,Jose A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, military...
With respect to our modeling of condensation in supersonic expansions, we have used molecular dynamics to derive condensation based models for DSMC for non-Leonard Jonesian gases such as water, carbon dioxide, and ammonia, common combustion products found in rocket plumes. The challenge was to incorporate charge polarization terms in the cluster potential, develop and automate a strategy for recognizing the formation of clusters in an MD study of a supersonic expansion, and utilize a parallel...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Devin,Deborah, Penn State, Department of Aerospace Engineering State College United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Air Force Research Institute Maxwell AFB United States, airborne warning and control...
Ancient texts on strategy studied the struggle for power in elaborate detail. Despite advancements in science and technology, eminent political and military leaders consistently emphasize the need to revisit ancient strategic texts. In the midst of scholars such as Sun-Tzu and Thucydides, Kautilya's Arthastra remains a lesser-known work from ancient India. This thesis researches Kautilya's magnum opus on statecraft and investigates the treatise's contemporary relevance. Although the treatise...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kumar,Abhishek, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Coordinate systems useful for those designing target tracking algorithms are discussed. Strict internationally recognized definitions of terrestrial and celestial coordinate systems are addressed, as well as a number of other lesser coordinate systems that arise when dealing with data typically used in target tracking algorithms. International organizations defining standard systems are indicated, as well as where to obtain data. Limitations in the data are demonstrated and methods for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY BRANCH, *COORDINATES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report outlines acoustic methods and results from a 3-year collaborative study of zooplankton aggregations in a coastal fjord. Mid-water aggregations of zooplankton were surveyed using a calibrated, three-frequency (38, 120, and 200 kHz) vessel-based echo-sounder system, a multi-net towed zooplankton net (BIONESS), and a high-resolution in situ camera system (ZOOVIS). Dense daytime layers of crustacean zooplankton near 70 to 90 m depth were found in the lower reaches of the inlet,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Trevorrow,Mark V, Defence Research and Development Canada Atlantic Dartmouth, Nova...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report presents the results of the propulsion system evaluation conducted during the UH-1N Category II systems evaluation program. The propulsion system was adequate for accomplishment of mission objectives, but several improvements should be made. Flight Manual changes were considered necessary for engine starting, manual fuel control operation, engine topping parameters, and engine deterioration. Rotor overspeed occurred when the beep switch was actuated to increase rotor speed and when...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brandt, Jerome C, AIR FORCE TEST CENTER EDWARDS AFB CA, *HELICOPTER ENGINES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This project involved defining an Ada pseudo-machine and developing an Ada to pseudo-code test translator. The translator's front end incorporates a table-driven parser that can parse the entire proposed-standard Ada language. The translator's semantic routines allow integer data objects, several control structures, procedures, functions, packages and tasks. These routines generate pseudo-code that is executed by an interpreter program included in the translator. The interpreter constitutes a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Garlington,Alan R, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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An onsite rail and motor outloading study of Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, was conducted by the Military Traffic Management Command Transportation Engineering Agency, Newport News, Virginia, from 1 through 5 May 1978. The principal objectives of the study were to determine the capability of Fort Chaffee to support the deployment of units to be mobilized there, to determine any physical improvements that could increase present outloading capabilities, and to evaluate commercial rail facilities within...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lefebvre, Thomas J, MILITARY TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT COMMAND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This user's manual provides instructions to initiate, run, and terminate the External Burning Propulsion Analysis (EBPA) computer program. Details are given of inputs, processing flow, instructions for use, outputs (including loadsheets for sample case), operating messages, troubleshooting, and requisite hardware and support software. The program was developed for operation on the CDC 6400/7600 and CYBER 174 computing systems, but its machine dependency has been minimized. The EBPA program is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Davis,J C, MCDONNELL DOUGLAS ASTRONAUTICS CO HUNTINGTON BEACH CA, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS,...
We have developed robust low-magnetic-field implementations of MRI (LFI) focused on brain imaging with two complimentary test scanner systems: electromagnet and permanent magnet based. We have also developed injury-sensitive MRI based on the detection of free radicals associated with injury using the Overhauser effect and subsequently imaging that modified nuclear polarization using low-field MRI (OMRI). We have optimized imaging sequences, image reconstruction, and parallel imaging based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rosen,Matthew S, Harvard University Cambridge United States, magnetic resonance...
This thesis explores possible solutions to secure the aggregation and sharing of healthcares quantified-self data, based on lessons from the personal financial industry. To address this concern, Porters Five Forces Framework is used to understand how consumers are impacted by the two sectors differences in legislation, technology, and security. The analysis in this thesis indicates that consumers of financial account aggregators benefit from more secure and interoperable services. In contrast,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chiang,Catherine H, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, health...
We discovered two new potential biomarkers in additional to CD151.The optimization protocols for microflow cytometry has more stringent requirement than regular whole cell based flow cytometry. The development of our assay parameters established standards for future clinical assay development and current liquid biopsy collection and handling protocols. The development of our test has optimized no fewer than 30 parameters spanning clinical sampling and storage to antibody dilution and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Willetts,Lian, University of Alberta Edmonton Alberta Canada
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper proposes and advocates the concept of Micro-Air Vehicle Incapacitating Swarms (MAVIS) as an effective non-lethal capability for irregular warfare as well as other spectrum-of-warfare applications. The intent of MAVIS is to provide an alternative to the conventional USAF arsenal that typically produces unacceptable collateral damage in the COIN/IW (counter-insurgency/irregular warfare) fight. Collateral damage has proven counterproductive to winning the hearts and minds of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Blanchard,Alan E, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Rockx, Barry G, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH REMOTE AREA CONFLICT INFORMATION CENTER, *ARMY...
In this project, to continue our development of a system that can dynamically collect and warehouse unfiltered textual communication data and make this data available to support HSCB modeling, decision making, and course of action development, we have (i) developed algorithms and an end-to-end computational framework to support graph analysis and visualization, (ii) developed graph querying capabilities such as top K and n-hop neighborhood, (iii) developed automated YouTube video metadata...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Savas,Onur, Intelligent Automation, Inc. Rockville United States, social networking...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are everywhere including the battlefields of Ukraine and Syria. Small UAVs are widely available, affordable, and expendable. Many countries and non-state actors use UAVs in an intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance role, but armed UAVs are becoming much more common. The United States leads the world in UAV employment including armed UAVs in an offensive role, but counter-UAV warfare is a new warfare area within the larger realm of air defense. Small Group...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mattingly,Joshua C, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Test and evaluation (T and E) managers often control testing via heuristics (i.e., using experience and lessons learned from previous testing to modify existing range control procedures). An exclusively heuristic approach may prove difficult in predicting test control issues with new systems. Given this limitation, this thesis poses the following question: Can formally modeling the process of conducting test range events expose previously overlooked ambiguities and identify high-value decision...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carlson,William, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, decision making,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Since 1775, the United States Marine Corps has conducted operations all over the world. From early roles of naval gunnery, guarding ships, and conducting early amphibious assaults, to its present day role as an amphibious force in readiness, many engagements have shaped the Marine Corps. In between the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, the Marine Corps' role expanded significantly. From the Spanish-American War and continuing through the Boxer Rebellion in 1900,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lemaster,Ralph E, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Aero Propulsion Laboratory is currently developing a computer-aided design program for high power airborne systems. An important part of this design program will be the feasibility study which was to be based on summary algorithms. These algorithms were to relate the weight and volume of each system component to the contributing operating parameters. This study first centers on the requirements for an interpolation scheme to form the summary algorithms. The scheme will need to work in at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Clark,Gerald D, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING,...
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the results obtained from three modal prediction techniques. The first technique was an algorithm developed by Whaley for lightly damped structures (Method 1). Results using this algorithm were extracted from a thesis by Glenesk. The second method was the finite element method using NASTRAN (Method 2). The final method was the recovery of unloaded mass and stiffness matrices from the general matrix-vector differential equation of modal analysis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Atkinson,Frank Broderick, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topic: DTIC Archive
This study evaluated the relationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different loading conditions and positions, and the pathophysiology of the intervertebral disc and lumbar trunk muscles. 43 Marines were scanned using upright MRI in operationally relevant loading conditions with minimum load, 39 of these Marines were also scanned in a high-resolution MRI scanner to muscle and disc pathophysiological assessment. Significant decreases in lumbar lordosis were found through all...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ward,Samuel R, University of California, San Diego La Jolla United States,...
Active shooter attacks appear to occur more in the United States than other countries and some data shows that their rate of occurrence has increased in the past several years. In response, institutions such as the Department of Defense (DoD), other federal agencies, police, and education systems have increased security and adapted response procedures. Despite ongoing efforts, active shooter attacks occurred in Fort Hood, Texas in 2009, the Washington Navy Yard in 2013, and Chattanooga,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stansberry,Leslie M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
The People's Republic of China (PRC) policies on the South China Sea (SCS) have created an environment of uncertainty and an area for miscalculation of military forces. This research will discuss the legal basis of Freedom of Navigation, the PRC's interpretation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, their territorial claims in the Spratly Islands, and its impact on U.S. national security. The goal of this thesis is to identify and propose ways the Republic of the Philippines...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Panjeti, Sainath P, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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An investigation was performed to verify the implementation of double-axis rotation of a well-studied projectile (Army-Navy Finner) using an existing commercial fluid-flow solver by computing the pitch-damping moment (PDM) in multiple manners and comparing to previously published results. The PDM stability derivative was computed using 3 methods: 1) planar pitching, 2) lunar coning (steady and transient), and 3) equal and opposite coning-spinning motion. The investigation studied the effect of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vasile, Joseph D, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Army is investigating several spectroscopic techniques (e.g., infrared spectroscopy) that could allow for an adaptable sensor platform. Current sensor technologies, although reasonably sized, are geared to more classical chemical threats, and the ability to expand their capabilities to a broader range of emerging threats is uncertain. Recently, photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), employed in a sensor format, has shown enormous potential to address these ever-changing threats. PAS is one of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Holthoff,Ellen L, US Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, quantum cascade...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The relatively static configurations of networks and their hosts allow attackers to gather intelligence, perform planning, and execute attacks at will. We propose a scalable, dynamic, adaptive system for host immunity that combines virtualization, emulation, and mutable network configurations. This system is deployed on a single host, and provides host protection through hiding the real system among a large number of decoys with dynamic virtualized network topology. It will make the network...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sun ,Kun, The College of William and Mary Williamsburg United States, network...
This thesis explores the colonial origins of the citizen-soldier through the study of the colony of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations during the French and Indian War. The common picture of the American citizen-soldier is that of the militiaman during the American Revolution; however, the most over looked aspect to the citizen-soldier heritage is that of the provincial soldier during the French and Indian War. The Rhode Island militia served as the pool to draw provincial recruits for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, York, Amoreena L, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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As the commander of United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM), I welcome you to an issue of PRISM dedicated to special operations. SOCOM is responsible for the critical dual missions of providing the U.S. Geographic Commands with trained and ready special operations forces (SOF), as well as synchronizing their actionswe are uniquely created by law to perform both service-like activities and serve as a functional Geographic Combatant Command. In addition, SOCOM serves as the coordinating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, National Defense University Washington United States, united states special...
In 2010, GAO found a number of weaknesses related to care for women veterans at VA medical facilities. GAO was asked to update that study. This report examines (1) the extent that VA medical centers complied with requirements related to the environment of care for women veterans and VHAs oversight of that compliance; (2) what is known about the availability of VHA medical providers who can provide sex-specific care for women veterans at VA facilities; and (3) VHAs efforts to provide and monitor...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, women, health...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study attempts to illuminate cyberwarfare's efficacy as an indirect approach using B.H Liddell Hart's principles of the indirect approach as described in his book, Strategy. His principles are applied to two well-documented cyber attacks. The first is Stuxnet, which refers to the 2010 U.S.-Israeli cyber operation targeting Iran's nuclear program. The second deals with advanced persistent threats stemming from Chinese cyber espionage. Each attack profile, while sharing a common maneuver...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Euhus, Brandon T, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Large unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) swarms are a nascent technology promising useful military and civilian solutions to difficult problems. Securing data communications within the swarm is essential to accomplishing swarm objectives. The Naval Postgraduate School has successfully demonstrated the launch, flight and landing of 50 UAVs. The communications architecture to support a UAV swarm is unique. The practical challenges of creating a secure communications channel in the swarm are detailed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thompson,Richard B, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, unmanned aerial...
Indias growing and diversifying nuclear force raises challenges for its defense planners. New nuclear options need to be located within a holistic view of Indias defense approach, with clearly assigned roles for conventional and nuclear forces dependent on the threats posed. This also generates issues for U.S. defense planners. The current U.S. policy is to energetically assist the defense projection of India so as to help complicate the rise of China. This focus has an underlying assumption...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Joshi,Yogesh, Army War College -Strategic Studies Institute Carlisle United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The single-stranded negative sense RNA (ssRNA(-)) virus families Arenaviridae, Orthomyxoviridae , and Paramyxoviridae include some of the most deadly emerging zoonotic pathogens. These viruses are known to impair antiviral interferon activation responses in humans through virus - host protein-protein interactions (PPis) that disrupt intracellular signaling pathways. However, little is known about the role of homologous PPis in animal (donor) hosts and the extent of adaptation necessary to form...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY FORT BELVOIR VA, *ARENAVIRUSES, *IMMUNITY, *PROTEINS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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pathogens.Navy Medicine is highlighting the month of July as Health Innovation Month, giving us an opportunity to share stories of how new technologies, products and inventions can improve the health of the warfighter. Many might be unaware the Surgeon General runs a health innovation cell at the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery the Navy Medicine Futures and Innovation Office. The mission of this office is to provide an unfiltered conduit for innovative ideas from the deck plate on topics ranging...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Naval Medical Research Center Silver Spring United States, military medicine, medical...
Pursuant to provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, Title 42 United States Code sections 4321 to 4347, implemented by Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Regulations, Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1500-1508, and 32 CFR 989, Environmental Impact AnalysisProcess, the U.S. Air Force (Air Force) assessed the potential environmental consequences associated with constructing a magnet school at Laughlin Air Force Base (LAFB), Texas. The purpose of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Markell,Melissa, Air Force Civil Engineer Center Lackland AFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Text-based passwords are not necessarily as secure as they appear because the protocols required for a secure password are typically ignored for a more user-friendly one. In this paper, we propose a new sketch-based password system that uses biometric data and provides exceptional tradeoff between security and usability. By extending a shape recognition algorithm called Simple K-Space (SKS), a system that is capable of being both secure and robust is developed. In theory and experimentation,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wang,Cliff, North Carolina State University Raleigh United States, IDENTIFICATION,...
Taiwan faces one of the most difficult air defense problems in the world, and, because of that, it cannot easily look to how other nations have invested in air defenses to guide its force structure decisions. What makes Taiwans air defense problem so difficult is the combination of its proximity to China, coupled with the massive investments that the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) has made in a range of systems that threaten Taiwans aircraftnot just while they are in the air but also while...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lostumbo,Michael J, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, Air defense, Taiwan,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Modern malware extensively applies self-modifying obfuscation techniques, e.g., self-decryption and mutation, which are often automatically prepared by packers. Their aim is to confuse control structures and bypass commercial anti-virus software based onbinary signatures. A popular method in industry to analyze malware is a dynamic analysis in a sand-box. Alternatively, we apply a hybrid method combining concolic testing (dynamic symbolic execution) and Windows API stubs by external executions....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ogawa,Mizuhito, Japan Advanced Institute of Science And Technology Ishikawa Japan,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The inimical rivalry between South Asian neighbors, India and Pakistan since their inception into statehood, has resulted in four major wars, countless border skirmishes, and continual interference. Notwithstanding ground realities, both states have remained perpetually entwined in an arms race to outdo each other in the political, social, economic, and diplomatic arenas; internally, regionally, and internationally. Despite, their entry into the established realm of nuclear club, which should...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ali,Muhammad Z, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Propeller wash induces high shear stresses on seafloor which may cause sediment resuspension in Department of Defense (DoD) harbors. To improve understanding of the sediment erosion, transport, dispersion, and re-deposition processes, it is desirable that advanced computational fluid dynamics models should be used to provide detailed resolution of the velocities and bottom shear stresses induced by the propeller wash in confined shallow water basins. In this study, the Finite-Analytic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wang,Pei-Fang, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific San Diego United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Someone must go forward and make contact with the enemy. This complex task falls to the cavalry squadrons of the brigade combat team. They will do this task when enablers are not in position to support. They will do iton short notice. Invariably, they will do it in the dead of night on the most difficult terrain. At the cutting edge of these squadrons are the scout sections and platoons that do the work of gaining and maintaining contact with the enemy. The Cobra Team has provided this tactical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dente,J F, National Training Center Fort Irwin United States, cavalry, army...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Current methodology for determining components of a War Readiness Spares Kit (WRSK) is based on mean times to failure for the entire U.S. Air Force inventory. Failures on a specific aircraft type during a calendar period are divided by flying hours logged on that aircraft type during the same period. Kit configuration is then optimized using the Poisson distribution to approximate kit demand behavior. The Poisson process requires a single statistic, mean value of distribution, for which...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Metzner,H E, MISSOURI UNIV-ROLLA DEPT OF ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT, *MANAGEMENT PLANNING...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the OSD Study of Program Manager Training and Experience, program managers gave high marks to their acquisition training concerning Contracting Challenges. But, personal one-on-one interviews with Program Executive Officers and Program Managers caveated that by indicating that they were concerned about how to communicate, and get along with, their contracting officers (KOs). No surprise there. How do we go about achieving that?
Topics: DTIC Archive, Krieger,John, Defense Systems Management College Fort Belvoir United States,...
The First Canadian Armys performance during the Normandy Campaign has received mixed criticisms by allies and historians alike. Montgomery, commander of the British 21st Army Group, was very critical of the Canadian Army for what he perceived as a lack of speed and boldness. Despite these criticisms, the Canadian Army performed admirably in many cases. Its achievements testified to its ability to learn and adapt as it gained experience. This was evident in its clearance operations along the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LeBlanc, Scott Simon G, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth...
For many years, the Department of Defense (DOD) has reported that it faces growing challenges in carrying out realistic training at installations and training ranges because of the cumulative result of outside influences that inhibit military training and testing, which DOD refers to as encroachment. Traditionally, DOD has defined encroachment concerns as urban growth around the ranges; competition for radio frequencies or airspace; air pollution; noise pollution; unexploded ordnance and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lepore,Brian J, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Research was conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center in Vicksburg, MS, to evaluate material handling equipment with a reduced logistical footprint for use by crater repair teams in airfield damage repair (ADR) scenarios. A market survey was conducted of available material handling equipment to populate a database of physical dimensions and load-capacity relationships according to identified ADR tasks. Selected equipment were identified and evaluated for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rutland,Craig A, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Vicksburg United...
This study examines the Norwegian national military exercise Joint Viking 2015 and a Russian snap exercise that took place in the midst of it. This study examines possible explanations for why Russia responded with this snap exercise, and the possible implications for the Russian response. The study explores the growing importance of the High North and the Arctic region especially regarding Russian strategic military development and as a future base for economic wealth. It underlines the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stiberg,Espen, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A modified Keyword Out of Context (KWOC) system was developed to gain rapid control over more than 8,000 scattered, unindexed documents. This was the first step in providing the technical information support required by Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory scientists and engineers. Implementation of the KWOC system, computer routines, and progress made during the course of the contract are described. Results are evaluated and recommendations for a total technical information program are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Beltran, Alfred A, LOCKHEED-CALIFORNIA CO BURBANK, *INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, *INDEXES,...