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Project-based learning and artistic creation provide future secondary teachers with an opportunity to experience and to reflect on the importance of including a gender perspective in education. This article describes a case study where students of the Postgraduate course in Secondary Teacher Training explore the image of the female body in comics, publicity, beauty contests and the world of fashion with the aim of planning and designing a project that can be undertaken by school-age children...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Females, Human...
Powerful Learning Experiences (PLEs) of Suzuki music teachers were examined in this fifth study in a series. The definition of a PLE is: "Experiences that stand out in memory because of their high quality, their impact on one's thoughts and actions over time, and their transfer to a wide range of contexts and circumstances." Ten participants were each interviewed twice. All were Suzuki music teachers who had PLEs through their exposure to Suzuki and his philosophy. The second...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Music Teachers, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Attitudes, Teaching Methods, Music...
The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it outlines an author-developed school orchestra model. Second, it describes students' perceptions of their orchestra experiences after model implementation in terms of program satisfaction, personal and social experiences, and learning motivation. The orchestra program was implemented in 77 elementary schools over the course of a full school year. The model includes procedures for setting up and managing a school orchestra including teaching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Public Schools, Student Attitudes, Program Implementation, Music,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 29, 2016 ERIC
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The purpose of this article is to describe the Taxonomy of Intervention Intensity, which articulates 7 dimensions for evaluating and building intervention intensity. We explain the Taxonomy's dimensions of intensity. In explaining the Taxonomy, we rely on a case study to illustrate how the Taxonomy can systematize the process by which special educators and related personnel (a) first set up the intensive intervention process and (b) then monitor the student's response and systematically improve...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Taxonomy, Intervention, Special Education, Response to Intervention, Case Studies,...
In this study, teachers' perceptions of prospective Turkish teachers (that is, those who have completed their undergraduate studies) in the fields of Science, Mathematics and Social Sciences are investigated through teacher metaphors. These perceptions were classified in accordance with their answers to two open-ended questions within a metaphoric structure used as the data collection tool. This classification employs the tripartite metaphorical classification developed by Martínez et al. and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Science Teachers, Mathematics Teachers,...
The aim of this research is to define the perceptions of prospective special education teachers regarding special education teacher through metaphors. Phenomenology design was used in this research. The study group comprised 116 third year prospective special education teachers studying at Marmara University, Ataturk Faculty of Education, Special Education (Mentally Disabled Teaching) Department. The prospective special education teachers were asked to fill a form featuring the phrases,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Special Education Teachers, Student...
This study aims at: determining students motivation before being given a group guidance with self-regulation technique, determining students' motivation after being given a group counseling with self-regulation technique, generating a model of group counseling with self-regulation technique to improve motivation of learning, determining the effectiveness of group counseling with self-regulation techniques to improve students motivation at JHS of 13 Semarang State. This study used research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Group Guidance, Student Motivation, Junior High School Students,...
This article describes a study that examined the volume of secondary course failure and its direct budget impact on Ontario's K-12 public education system. The study employed a straightforward, descriptive accounting method to estimate the annual expenditure tied to secondary course failure, taking into account some factors known to be systemically related (e.g., grade level, subject area, additional services received). Other studies have used secondary dropouts as the measure of failure and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Academic Failure, Budgets, Educational Finance, Secondary School...
An online community of practice (OCoP) is a group of people, who are brought together by a shared interest and with the aim of deepening their understanding of an area of knowledge through regular interactions facilitated by computer mediated communication (CMC) tools. An OCoP can potentially provides teachers with those elements of effective professional development (PD), cited in the literature, such as; collaboration, opportunities for mentoring, and sustainability over time. In this sense,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Teachers, Communities...
The New Mexico Higher Education Department strives to bring leadership, guidance, and assistance to New Mexico's higher education stakeholders. The HED is committed to promoting best practices, institutional fiscal responsibility, and student achievement. Everything the agency does is through the lens of supporting New Mexico's higher education institutions and enhancing student success. Higher education is an economic engine which fosters innovation and shapes the future workforce. Over the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Annual Reports, Educational Improvement, Education Work...
This article investigates the process of devising strategy in an intercultural Baltic-Nordic setting. Sixty teacher education participants collaborated on an interdisciplinary artistic production based on Norwegian folk beliefs and wights through an intensive, week-long program called Nordplus. Using this as a case study, we explored how the devised approach functioned within the given context and examined the dilemmas and challenges that the teachers faced. We chose a qualitative, ethnographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Dramatics, Creative Activities, Folk Culture,...
Social phenomenological analysis is presented as a research method to study gallery talks or guided tours in art museums. The research method is based on the philosophical considerations of Edmund Husserl and sociological/social science concepts put forward by Max Weber and Alfred Schuetz. Its starting point is the everyday lifeworld; the researcher interprets the phenomena that can be observed there as an individual, intersubjectively accessible reflection of subjective meaning. This approach...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Phenomenology, Research Methodology, Educational Research, Nonschool...
Since the mid-1990s, there has been an abrupt growth of doctoral enrollments and doctoral programs in Argentina and Latin America. However, completion rates at this education level are far from satisfying. Attrition rates in Social Sciences doctoral programs "are known" to be high, and higher in Social Sciences and Humanities (which will be later called "Soft Sciences") than in STEM (which will be later called "Hard Sciences") disciplines, although there are no...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Doctoral Programs, Time to Degree, STEM Education, Foreign Countries, Program...
Perhaps the most influential thinker about education in the late twentieth century is Paulo Freire. He has been particularly popular with informal educators with his emphasis on dialogue. According to Freire, to enter into dialogue presupposes equality amongst participants. Each must trust the others; there must be mutual respect and love (care and commitment). Each one must question what he or she knows and realizes that through dialogue existing thoughts will change and new knowledge will be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Special Education, Females, Gender Issues, Gender Differences, Cultural Differences,...
In kindergarten classrooms (5 to 6 year olds) in the United States, interactive reading aloud has long been considered an important part of a comprehensive emergent literacy program. However, while individual components of interactive reading aloud (for example, teacher activity, student activity and text) have been studied, researchers have lacked a model to holistically assess this important practice. Thus, a model was created--Class Interactive Reading Aloud (CIRA)--to use as a lens for the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Kindergarten, Reading Aloud to Others, Holistic Approach, Emergent Literacy, Reading...
In Spain, the organisation of doctoral studies has been substantially modified to come into line with the changes introduced by the agenda of the Bologna process. These changes have been specified in a number of statements by European Ministers of Education, and have required alterations to Spanish doctoral regulations. The aim of these changes has been to focus doctoral training more on the development of competency as better preparation for research tasks, linking the doctoral candidate with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Doctoral Programs, Global Approach, Educational Change, Competency...
Advancements in science and technology have created problems for some people who have difficulties adapting to the new environment. Improving problem solving skills of these people is very important for them to so have the ability to cope with new problems. From the education perspective, it is believed that teachers should help students by not only giving them information on how to solve certain problems but also how to assimilate problem solving skills. Teachers should first and foremost have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Problem Solving, Preservice Teachers, Investigations, Skill Development, Statistical...
This research examines middle school mathematics teachers' views regarding implementation of mathematical tasks and their enactments. We compare their views on tasks and their implementation, and determine the causes of difference between the two using qualitative research methods. We interview sixteen middle school mathematics teachers based on their professional experience and willingness, and observe task implementations of four. According to the data, we found that the teachers with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Qualitative Research, Mathematics...
This paper identifies approaches, challenges, and best practices related to planning and designing today's academic library learning spaces. As part of the Project Information Literacy (PIL) Practitioner Series, qualitative data is presented from 49 interviews conducted with a sample of academic librarians, architects, and library consultants. These participants were at the forefront of the same 22 recent library learning space projects on college and university campuses in the US and Canada...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Library Facilities, Educational Facilities Planning, Educational...
While accountability in higher education has been a topic of debate for decades, in recent years the discussions have shifted to emphasize efficiency and economic measures of success. A prominent example of this accountability movement is the increase in popularity of performance funding policies. One of the most recent states to implement performance funding is Michigan, which began their performance funding policy in 2012. This study explored the creation and implementation of the state of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance, Performance, Higher Education, Funding Formulas, State Policy,...
The state mandated public hearings concerning school closing proposals in New York City provide a window into a diverse set of policy actors and their deliberations. Opposition to school closures is often cast as entrenched interests, emotional attachment, support for the status quo or at worst negligence. However, content analysis reveals that testimony offered by parent, community, and educator leaders contained a range of substantial critiques of school closing proposals, their motivations,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Hearings, School Closing, State Policy, State...
This study investigated the effect of using metacognitive strategy training on science process skills and science self efficacy in learning disabled first year prep students. A total of 60 students identified with LD were invited to participate. The sample was randomly divided into two groups; experimental (n = 30 boys) and control (n = 30 boys ). ANCOVA and Repeated Measures Analyses were employed for data analysis. Findings from this study indicated the effectiveness of the program employed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Metacognition, Science Process Skills, Self Efficacy, Learning Strategies, Learning...
The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) asked the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) and the Higher Education Academy (HEA) to undertake research to explore the current issues around academic teaching qualifications in the HESA Staff record and to offer recommendations to improve data quality and coverage in future collections. The teaching qualifications data-collection cycle has been running for three years since the 2012/13 academic year. However, low levels of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Teacher Qualifications, College Faculty, Teacher...
The aim of this research is to determine the attitudes of secondary level students regarding the skills in English as a Foreign Language and to compare the level of relationship between the academic success at English and the attitudes measured. Attitudes and success levels of the students of secondary education regarding their language skills were found to be high. A significant relationship at a linear low level was observed between the academic success of the students and their attitudes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language),...
In online learning environments, tutors have several problems to carry out their activities, such as evaluating the student, knowing the right way to guide each student, promoting discussions, and knowing the right time to interact or let students build knowledge alone. We consider scenarios in which teaching and learning occurs in online social networks platforms and in order to support tutors' knowledge on the students' interactions, we propose an approach based on social presence and social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interaction, Social Networks, Electronic Learning, Tutors, Network Analysis, Case...
State-specific licensing policies and pension plans create mobility costs for educators who cross state lines. We empirically test whether these costs affect production in schools--a hypothesis that follows directly from economic theory on labor frictions--using geo-coded data from the lower-48 states. We find that achievement is lower in mathematics, and to a lesser extent in reading, at schools that are highly-exposed to state boundaries. A detailed investigation of the selection of schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Labor Market, Public Schools, Faculty Mobility, Geographic Location, State Standards,...
Federal initiatives, such as the Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF), encourage school districts to develop teacher leadership (TL) roles and use funds to provide incentives for teachers to fill them. Before starting a teacher leader program, school districts should assess whether their current conditions are favorable to implementing teacher leader roles. The TL readiness surveys that this document describes provide a tool for school districts to examine whether the conditions that research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Leadership, School Districts, Readiness, Federal Programs, Teacher Surveys,...
Motivating and enjoyable experience are the factors that physical education teachers encounter with them. One of the educational models of sport is sport education that is a result of features reliable sport simulation that causes to positive motivational sport experiences. Participants were 120 (male = 100, female = 20). The number of classes that selected for this study were six numbers such as soccer, basketball and football codes. There were 40 participants and 80 participants that were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Motivation, Athletics, Team Sports, Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers,...
Introduction: This paper reports on a study of publishers' attitudes towards e-books in the context of the global situation of e-book publishing. Comparative data are drawn from a replication of a survey carried out in Sweden, in Lithuania and in Croatia. Method: A self-completed questionnaire survey was undertaken, offering respondents the choice of a printed questionnaire or a response through an online SurveyMonkey alternative. Analysis: Quantitative analysis was performed using the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Publishing Industry, Electronic Publishing, Books, Global Approach, Questionnaires,...
Virtually Connecting (VC) is a connected learning volunteer movement that enlivens virtual conference experiences by partnering those that are at the conference with virtual participants that cannot attend. In looking to articulate the ethos and intentions of VC, a manifesto was developed by a group of core members and presented at the Digital Learning Research Network in 2015. This paper connects the group's ethos, as defined in this manifesto, to various learning theories including...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Videoconferencing, Qualitative Research, Statistical...
Although Khayyam is one of the Persian poets whose school of thought and poems are studied the most, there is hardly a research in which his intellectual system is explained and made clear via a linguistic framework. In this paper one of the most debatable matters which is "Obligation" versus "Free Will" is dealt with by using Hasan's (1989) linguistics and verbal art model. This model provides touchstones for clarifying the concepts which are foregrounded by the poet. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Poetry, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Incidence, Poets, Literary...
Many educational tools that are recommended for the training of normal students are often encountered in programs that do not work very well and are subsequently abandoned. One of the important points that program developers should now consider is that teaching tools are presented in accordance with individual differences. It is seen that the instructional approach suggested as argument-based learning is tried to be applied in Turkey. However, the tools used are the basic argumentation tools....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Experiments, Teaching Methods, Creative Thinking,...
The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a system of international assessments that allows countries to compare outcomes of learning as students near the end of compulsory schooling. PISA measures the performance of 15-year-old students in science, reading, and mathematics literacy every 3 years. PISA uses the term "literacy" in each subject area to indicate how well students are able to apply their knowledge and skills to problems in a real-life context.
Topics: ERIC Archive, International Assessment, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential impact and effectiveness of mobile learning in the context of a flipped classroom and also address implications for future curriculum design. The researchers developed a mathematics curriculum featuring the use of mobile devices in the context of a flipped classroom. Thirty pre-service secondary teachers participated in the study. They completed a pre-study survey, student reflections about the usefulness of mobile learning, and a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Telecommunications, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Blended...
This paper proposes a human identification system via extracted electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Two hierarchical classification structures based on global shape feature and local statistical feature is used to extract ECG signals. Global shape feature represents the outline information of ECG signals and local statistical feature extracts the information between signals in time domain. Genetic algorithm based back propagation neural network is used as the specific classifier. Experiment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Identification, Medicine, Classification, Artificial Intelligence, Tseng,...
This essay argues for an expanded understanding of three of the Essential Attributes--Developmentally Responsiveness, Empowerment and Equity--established by "This We Believe: Keys to Educating Young Adolescents" to address the unique needs of adolescents who are refugees. It provides a practical framework for readers to assist their understanding of the kaleidoscope of issues that face our refugee adolescent population (NMSA/AMLE, 2010). For each of the essential attributes, practical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Refugees, Student Needs, Adolescents, Developmentally...
Action Research (AR) is becoming popular in the field of education, and according to literature, it could be stated that AR studies have positive influence on practice in education. The present study aims at conducting content analysis of action research (AR) master theses and doctoral dissertations submitted at the level of Turkish higher education. A total of 10 master theses and 18 doctoral dissertations were analyzed to determine their action research type, keywords, theoretical framework,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Content Analysis, Masters Theses, Action Research, Doctoral Dissertations, Trend...
This study investigated the impact of face-to-face contact sessions and online discussion forums on the academic performance of students at an Open Distance Learning (ODL) university (N = 1,015). t-Tests for independent samples indicated that students who attended a written assignment preparation contact session performed significantly better in the written assignment than those students who did not attend this contact session [t(813) = 4.64, p = 0.00]; students who attended an examination...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Mediated Communication, Distance Education, Attendance, Academic...
This paper describes the first two years of planning and launching a full scholarship principal preparation program aimed at developing leaders to work in poor rural schools throughout Arkansas. The founding principles that guided the program are explored as well as how those principles were challenged and retained from the initial proposal through funding and implementation. Ultimately the program launched with $1,954,129 in funding over a four year period and was able to remain innovative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Administration, Principals, Administrator Education, Rural Areas,...
This study is an effort to understand the impact of occupational stress which is classified into four constructs i.e. pressure at work, support at work, job satisfaction, and nature of job, on the personality of employees working in public as well as private sector universities. To conduct the study, a survey questionnaire was floated to six universities: two public sector and four private sector. These universities were selected on convenience bases and respondents from these universities were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Personality, Personality Traits, Stress Variables, Job Satisfaction, Quality of...
Modern biology has become increasingly molecular in nature, requiring students to understand basic chemical concepts. Studies show, however, that many students fail to grasp ideas about atom rearrangement and conservation during chemical reactions or the application of these ideas to biological systems. To help provide students with a better foundation, we used research-based design principles and collaborated in the development of a curricular intervention that applies chemistry ideas to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biology, Secondary School Science, Middle School Students, High Schools, Chemistry,...
Courseware designers aim to innovate information communications technology (ICT) tools to increase learning experiences, spending many hours developing eLearning programmes. This effort gives rise to a dynamic technological pedagogical environment. However, it is difficult to recognise whether these online programmes reflect an instructional design (ID)-model or whether they can be substantiated through sound ID principles. This study presents a systematic courseware design-validation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Courseware, Instructional Design, Quasiexperimental Design,...
Social media technologies were introduced among the modern society and are part of its routine in many ways--knowledge acquisition and sharing, interpersonal relationships, media diffusion--sometimes complementing and even substituting tools that were specifically designed for similar activities. This research compares social media sites and institutional communication channels by confronting elements that construe perceived usefulness and system satisfaction. It has been shown that students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Social Media, Organizational Communication, Comparative...
Introduction: Health information-seeking and sharing online has become immensely intertwined with day-to-day information-seeking of US immigrants with health concerns. Despite the consistent recognition of unique health needs among different US immigrant communities, little is known about the distinctive patterns and extent of health information behaviour of Korean Americans, who are one of the most rapidly growing Asian immigrant populations in the USA. Method: The study uses online discussion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Korean Americans, Cancer, Help Seeking, Computer Mediated Communication, Semantics,...
Until last year, Ohio had in place a rule requiring a minimum level of staffing for music, visual arts, physical education, counselors, librarians, nurses, social workers and visiting teachers. School districts had to have at least five of these eight positions for every 1,000 students. In March 2015, the State Board of Education eliminated this so-called "5 of 8" staffing rule. To understand how these positions were staffed in the 10 years prior to elimination of the rule, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Music Education, Art Education, Physical Education, Teacher Student Ratio, Enrollment...
High-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders often find writing challenging. These writing difficulties may be specific to autism spectrum disorder or to a more general clinical effect of attention disturbance, as these children are often comorbid for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology (and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder often also find writing challenging). To examine this issue, this study investigated the role of attention...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,...
The study investigated the relationship between minority students' use of technology, social media, the number of online courses, program of study, satisfaction, and academic performance. Participants in the study were a diverse student body regarding age, gender, and educational level, and functioned at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square tests were used to find the relationship between participants' online learning experiences and academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Minority Group Students, Self Esteem, Metacognition, Self Efficacy, Academic...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 1, 2016 ERIC
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Background: In the past decade, scholars of information science have started to conduct research on information behaviour in serious leisure. Presently, these studies lack common concepts and terms and empirical discoveries are not easy to assemble into theory. Aim: This conceptual and methodological paper surveys the aforementioned research area and introduces Anders Hektor's model of information behaviour in conjunction with the serious leisure perspective as a means to systematically study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leisure Time, Literature Reviews, Models, Recreational Activities, Users...
This study aims at developing an assessment scale for identifying preschool children's communication skills, at distinguishing children with communication deficiencies and at comparing the communication skills of children with normal development (ND) and those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were 427 children of up to 6 years of age with ND (45% female, 55% male) and 76 children from ages 1-6 years with ASD (25% female, 75% male. Exploratory factor analysis and principal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Skills, Preschool Children,...
Every year the U.S. Department of Education reports for each state in the country the grade levels, subject areas, and geographic areas that have experienced teacher shortages (U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education, 2015). A teacher shortage occurs when the number of teachers available in a specific grade, subject matter or discipline classification, or geographic area--teacher supply--is less than the number of teachers required in that grade, subject matter or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Supply and Demand, Teacher Shortage, State Legislation, Surveys,...
Despite the growth of its popularity in recent years, online learning has demonstrated high dropout rates compared to dropout rates in traditional face-to-face courses. Prior research attributes attrition to the physical isolation of students from one another and the lack of interaction between and among them--factors which foster feelings of alienation, isolation, and disconnection. The goal of this research study was to more deeply understand the causes of such negative feelings, which may...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Graduate Students, Sense of Community, Interviews, Student Attitudes,...
The aim of this study is to determine the pre-service physics teachers' views on the effect of designing and developing physics digital stories (DST) on improving their 21st century skills. The study is a qualitative research carried out with 13 pre-service physics teachers, who participated in the course of designing and developing DST, during 6 weeks, at Yuzuncu Yil University, Turkey, in the spring term of 2013-2014 academic year. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Physics, Science Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Foreign...
The main purpose of this study is to design an interactive non-formal chemistry environment and investigate its effectiveness on high school students' attitudes towards chemistry. Besides that, it is tried to determine to what extent students correlate these concepts with daily life. 14 voluntary students (5 female, 9 male) from different levels participated to conduct the experimental study. The chemistry laboratory of a high school is reorganized for this study. 7 chemistry activities which...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Chemistry, Nonformal Education, Student Attitudes, Investigations, High School...
Introduction: Studies have indicated that users' text highlighting behaviour can be further manipulated to improve the relevance of retrieved results. This article reports on a study that examined users' text highlight frequency, length and users' copy-paste actions. Method: A binary voting mechanism was employed to determine the weights for the feedback, which were then used to re-rank the original search results. A search engine prototype was built using the Communications of the ACM test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Searching, Search Strategies, Information Seeking, Feedback (Response),...
Quality Assurance (QA) concepts and applications in Higher Education (HE) emerge from evolving meanings related to HE's dynamic relationship with social, economic, cultural, and technological developments. The latter has been redefined by the growth spurred by the forms distance and online education acquired during the last decades. Creating a roadmap with clearly articulated meanings of quality and consistent key actions fills a need for the involved communities to reground the research,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Course Descriptions, Quality Assurance, Higher Education,...
The Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast and Islands conducted this study using data on public high schools in Puerto Rico from national and territory databases to compare methods for identifying beating-the-odds schools. Schools were identified by two methods, a status method that ranked high-poverty schools based on their current observed performance and an exceeding-achievement-expectations method that ranked high-poverty schools based on the extent to which their actual performance...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Public Schools, Comparative Analysis, Evaluation Methods, School...
In September 2015, the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) awarded the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) a grant to investigate the early impacts of the National Digital Stewardship Residency (NDSR) programs, in order to inform subsequent development of similar programs by others with a vested interest in building professional capacity to preserve digital information. "Keepers of Our Digital Future" provides a formative evaluation of the early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Publishing, Library Services, Information Management, Library Automation,...
The Center for Promise researchers visited four programs across the country to find out what role relationships play in fostering workforce development and career readiness among "risk-immersed" youth: (1) Café Momentum in Dallas; (2) Per Scholas in the Bronx; (3) Urban Alliance in Washington, D.C.; and (4) Year Up in the Bay Area. The Center researched how these programs meet the wide-ranging needs of young people they serve while preparing them for careers. This report provides a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Development, Labor Force Development, Career Readiness, At Risk Students,...
Fostering and maintaining strong collaborative relationships are critically important for paraprofessionals and special education teachers working together to provide a high-quality education for students with severe disabilities. Through in-depth interviews with 22 teachers and paraprofessionals comprising nine educational teams, we examined educator perspectives on what influences the quality of their professional relationships, as well as how their perspectives on these influences converged...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interprofessional Relationship, Special Education Teachers, Paraprofessional School...
Three-dimensional models are important when the learning content is difficult to acquire from 2D images or other traditional methods. This is the case for learning dental morphology. In this paper, we present a mobile augmented reality (AR) system for learning dental morphology. A study with students was carried out to determine whether learning outcomes were greater using the AR system or following a video session that was recorded in a real class. Other aspects were also considered....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Models, Visual Aids, Undergraduate Students, Dentistry, Dental...
This paper aims to propose a framework to improve the quality in teaching and learning in order to develop good practices to train professionals in the career of computer engineering science. To demonstrate the progress and achievements, our work is based on two principles for the formation of professionals, one based on the model of learning skills and the second on the model of convergence in information technology and communication (ICT) (Bradley, 2005). In this paper, the results are the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guidelines, Educational Quality, Profiles, Communities of Practice, Computer Science...
Throughout much of the 20th century, the United States led the world in educational attainment and, in turn, economic and social progress. But that advantage has been slipping in recent decades, prompting the president and a host of governors and philanthropic leaders to set goals for America to reclaim its place as the world leader in the education of its people, and to foster the economic, social, and civic progress that would result. In Part I of this report, the authors examine new and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, Educational Attainment, Young Adults, High School Graduates,...
This study aims to explore the effectiveness of a paradigm to teach native Cantonese-speaking university students the hierarchical structure of expository prose to improve paragraph coherence. Most of the diagnostic argumentative essays the participants in this study wrote in the course were incoherent, failing to meet readers' expectation of "topic maintenance" (Connor & Farmer, 1985), nor did the essays show any of the progression patterns, as identified by Lautamatti (1987)....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rhetorical Invention, Paragraph Composition, Writing Strategies, Writing Skills,...
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of scripted roles on students' level of cognitive presence in asynchronous online threaded discussions. A quantitative content analysis was used to investigate: (1) what level of cognitive presence is achieved by students' assigned roles in asynchronous online discussions; (2) differences between students' cognitive presence when the asynchronous online discussions occur during a 5-week intensive summer class versus a 15-week regular class...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Asynchronous Communication, Computer Mediated Communication, Interpersonal...
Active learning activities and pedagogical strategies can look different in online learning environments, particularly in asynchronous courses when students are not interacting with the instructor, or with each other, in real time. This paper suggests a three-pronged approach for conceptualizing active learning in the online asynchronous class: the creation of an architecture of engagement in the online classroom, the use of web-based tools in addition to the learning management system, and a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Asynchronous Communication, Online Courses, Student Participation, Active Learning,...
The aim of this study is to research the motivational factors affecting athletes to select the branches of athletics, ski and tennis. Within the scope of the research, the survey developed by H. Sunay in 1996 was implemented and solution for the problem of the research was searched through the findings that were obtained from the survey. SPSS survey program was used for the data obtained and by calculating Chi-square (X2) values, it was statistically tested whether the relation is significant....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Motivation, Athletes, Athletics, Recreational Activities, Racquet...
This study examines the emergence of leadership characteristics within a new organizational community of individuals: the Maker community. The Maker community is a group of individuals that classify themselves as "Makers" and have become innovators and entrepreneurs through the creation of technological gadgets, artistic projects, and other end products. Historically, so-called Tinkers were motivated to design and develop objects in their garages apart from other people with similar...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Characteristics, Organizational Culture, Innovation, Critical Incidents...
The article discusses issues related to STEM education; it is emphasized that the need to prepare students with twenty-first-century skills through STEM-related teaching is strong, especially at the elementary level. The authors stress that workshops, using kits to build and program robots, are a modern form of interdisciplinary education of children and youth. The rationale for conducting such activities in schools is found in the European reference framework in the context of training of key...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Robotics, Elementary School Teachers, Student Attitudes, STEM Education, Foreign...
Nationally, 28 percent of all public elementary and secondary schools were in rural locations in 2013-14, serving 18 percent of all K-12 students (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics 2015). Rural schools serve students in sparsely populated areas and have smaller overall populations than schools in other communities. Rural school districts often face unique challenges such as geographic isolation, shortages of qualified educators, and underdeveloped...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rural Education, Federal Programs, Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary...
This paper suggests digital approaches in university management. Digital transformation requires leadership that can maintain and balance competing interests from faculty, administrators, students and others. The team of Varna Free University designed a flexible proper solution VFU SMART STUDENT aiming at lower operating costs and better performance is application of cloud technologies. It is a web-based information system for provision of e-services to VFU students, which provides...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Security, Information Systems, Computer Networks, Guidelines, Cost...
Introduction: The use of social media is prevalent among college students, and it is important to understand how social media use may impact students' attitudes and behaviour. Prior studies have shown negative outcomes of social media use, but researchers have not fully discovered or fully understand the processes and implications of these negative effects. This research provides additional scientific knowledge by focussing on mediators of social media use and controlling for key confounding...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Media, Correlation, Outcomes of Education, Structural Equation Models,...
This article details what resulted when I re-designed my undergraduate statistics course to allow failure as a learning strategy and focused on achievement rather than performance. A variety of within and between sample t-tests are utilized to determine the impact of unlimited test and quiz opportunities on student learning on both quizzes and subsequent assignments in two undergraduate statistics courses (one a 15-week hybrid and one a 6-week online course). The results show that the previous...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Academic Achievement, Statistics, Instructional Design,...
This study analyses "Al-?i?laal" phenomenon which takes place in Modern Standard Arabic (henceforth, MSA) derivational processes. Based on the description of Arab traditionalists such as Al-Raagihi (1984: 155) and AlGalaayiini (1991), "Al-?i?laal" is defined as "a change that occurs with vowel letters where they can be deleted or substituted by another letter in certain cases". For example, the letter "w" in "da?aw" "prayed to God" is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Semitic Languages, Linguistic Theory, Suprasegmentals, Vowels, Orthographic Symbols,...
The aim of this study is to determine the opinions of primary school administrators about change, and to reveal which strategies they use to manage change in schools. This is a qualitative study conducted in 2014 academic year in Mugla province. Research data were collected from primary school administrators through semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed through content analysis. Some findings of the study suggest that according to school administrators, change is changing, renewing,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Schools, Administrators, School Administration, Educational Change,...
High-stakes testing is used for the purposes of providing results that have important consequences. Validity is the cornerstone upon which all measurement systems are built. This study applied the Item Response Theory principles to analyse Northwest University Kano Post-UTME Economics test items. The developed fifty (50) economics test items was administered to a sample of 600 students. The data obtained was analysed using XCALIBRE 4 and SPSS 20v softwares to determine items parameters base on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Item Response Theory, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Statistical Analysis, High Stakes...