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Computational models that automatically detect learners' affective states are powerful tools for investigating the interplay of affect and learning. Over the past decade, affect detectors--which recognize learners' affective states at run-time using behavior logs and sensor data--have advanced substantially across a range of K-12 and postsecondary education settings. Machine learning-based affect detectors can be developed to utilize several types of data, including software logs, video/audio...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Models, Affective Behavior, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Games, Medical Services,...
This compendium organizes information on the math and science projects sponsored by NCER and NCSER into two main sections: Mathematics and Science. Within each section, projects are sorted into chapters based on content area, grade level, and intended outcome. In determining the chapters, we considered the emerging college- and career-readiness standards. Many states have formed and adopted such standards to help create guidance for their K-12 school systems. Thus, we have separate chapters for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Education, Science Education, Educational Research, Preschool Education,...
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the overlap in burnout and depression. Method: The sample comprised 1,386 schoolteachers (mean [M][subscript age] = 43; M[subscript years taught] = 15; 77% women) from 18 different U.S. states. We assessed burnout, using the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure, and depression, using the depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire. Results: Treated dimensionally, burnout and depressive symptoms were strongly correlated (0.77;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public School Teachers, Teacher Burnout, Depression (Psychology), Measures...
Science centres which have a considerable importance and functions in developed countries are intended to be popularized in Turkey. At this point considering the fact that the first contact between science centres and visitors is usually provided with websites, it is quite important that the content of these websites should be designed and developed to meet the needs of the visitors. From this point of view, the aim of this study is to examine the websites of the science centres in Turkey and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Science Teaching Centers, Web Sites, User Needs (Information),...
This report provides descriptive information about the location and native language use of schools in the REL Central Region with high enrollment of American Indian students, whether Bureau of Indian Education schools or non-Bureau of Indian Education high-density American Indian schools (schools with 25 percent or more American Indian student enrollment). Of the 208 schools with high American Indian student enrollment (33 BIE and 173 HDAI schools), 83% are located in the region's rural areas....
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Students, Enrollment, School Location, American Indian Languages,...
Educators have many decisions to make and it's important that they have the right data to inform those decisions and access to questionnaires that can gather that data. This guide, developed by REL Central and based on work done through separate projects with the Wyoming Office of Public Instruction and the Nebraska Department of Education, provides educators with a process for developing questionnaires. Principals, superintendents, state-level personnel, or other school or district personnel...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Questionnaires, Test Construction, Student Surveys, Teacher Surveys, Parent Surveys,...
The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the rates of retention, mobility, and attrition for classroom teachers in Kentucky public schools, as well as how those rates might vary by various teacher and school characteristics. The study looks at retention, defined as teachers returning to their same classroom ("stayers"); mobility, when teachers change schools within the school system ("movers"); and attrition, when teachers leave the system ("leavers")...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public School Teachers, Teacher Persistence, Faculty Mobility, Public Schools,...
This report provides a "first look" at selected findings from the 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14). It is based on final data describing a nationally representative sample of undergraduates who entered postsecondary education for the first time during the 2011-12 academic year. BPS:12/14 covers the experiences of these first-time beginning students over 3 academic years, 2011-12, 2012-13, and 2013-14, and provides information about the rates at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Longitudinal Studies, Postsecondary Education, Academic Persistence, Educational...
"First year experience courses for students in developmental education" are designed to ease the transition to college by providing academic and social development supports. Although course content and focus may vary, most are designed to introduce students to campus resources, provide training in time management and study skills, and address student development issues. First year experience courses, also called success courses, study skills, student development, or new student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, First Year Seminars, Remedial Instruction, Undergraduate Students, College Freshmen,...
This study, undertaken at the request of the Nevada Department of Education, examined the stability over years of teacher-level growth scores from the Student Growth Percentile (SGP) model, which many states and districts have selected as a measure of effectiveness in their teacher evaluation systems. The authors conducted a generalizability study using three years of data in mathematics and reading for nearly 370 elementary and middle school teachers from Washoe County School District in Reno,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Growth Models, Teacher Evaluation, Scores, Teacher Effectiveness, School Districts,...
This study examines the accuracy of performance ratings from the Framework for Leadership (FFL), Pennsylvania's tool for evaluating the leadership practices of principals and assistant principals. The study analyzed four key properties of the FFL: score variation, internal consistency, year-to-year stability, and concurrent validity. Score variation was characterized by the percentages of school leaders earning scores in different portions of the rating scale. To measure the internal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Effectiveness, Principals, Assistant Principals, Administrator Evaluation,...
This "Stated Briefly" report is a companion piece that summarizes the results of another report of the same name. This study examines the accuracy of performance ratings from the Framework for Leadership (FFL), Pennsylvania's tool for evaluating the leadership practices of principals and assistant principals. The study analyzed four key properties of the FFL: score variation, internal consistency, year-to-year stability, and concurrent validity. Score variation was characterized by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Effectiveness, Principals, Assistant Principals, Administrator Evaluation,...
The research is an experimental study which has experimental and control groups, and based on pre-test, post-test, monitoring test model. Research group consists of second and third grade students of Primary School Education and Psychological Counseling undergraduate programmes in Giresun University Faculty of Educational Sciences. The research group was formed among the students whose academic procrastination tendency is middle or high, by using academic procrastination scale. 60 students,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Psychotherapy, Time Management, Prevention, Intervention, Program...
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced in March 2016 and will include a number of important changes. As with the redesign of all assessments, it is important to examine and understand how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College...
As schools and classrooms explore technology-based, student-centered, personalized approaches to teaching and learning, their efforts to innovate can be hamstrung by archaic district operating systems that do not allow them to take advantage of new technologies, to work with smaller startup companies, or to quickly make and implement decisions. When he was at the helm of the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE), Chancellor Joel Klein attempted to remedy this problem by creating the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, Educational Innovation, School Administration, School Districts,...
This occasional paper provides an overview of the development of Australia's national training system and is a key knowledge document of a wider research project "Consistency with flexibility in the Australian national training system." This research project investigates the various approaches undertaken by each of the jurisdictions to establish a student entitlement funding model and also examines one of the often overlooked fundamentals of the national training system--the dynamic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Training, Vocational Education, Program Development, Program...
This occasional paper provides the views of 17 "thought leaders" in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector. Their insight and opinions were sought to inform a larger research project focused on the student entitlement reforms that were introduced into the national VET system from 2012. These individuals offered a variety of senior-level vantage points on the topics of: (1) Australia's national training system: why it has been developed, what its key elements...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Postsecondary Education, Attitude Measures,...
There is strong theoretical support for oral reading fluency (ORF) as an essential building block of reading proficiency. The current and standard ORF assessment procedure requires that students read aloud a grade-level passage (˜ 250 words) in a one-to-one administration, with the number of words read correctly in 60 seconds constituting their ORF performance. The current study was part of a larger project to develop and validate a computerized ORF assessment system--Computerized Oral Reading...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Surveys, Oral Reading, Reading Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Reading...
The past two decades have seen some evolution towards a more nationally consistent vocational education and training (VET) system. One of the challenges is to find the right balance between national consistency and appropriate flexibility, to accommodate the regional and local industry requirements and learner preferences that best serve the needs of states and territories. This report maps the implementation by jurisdictions of the most recent training market reforms, agreed to in the 2012-16...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Training, Foreign Countries, National Standards, Geographic...
This research overview summarizes the work undertaken by Kaye Bowman and Suzy McKenna in exploring jurisdictional approaches to the implementation of student entitlements to vocational skills training, a key reform initiative in the National Partnership Agreement on Skills Reform (NPASR) of 2012-16. The overview is a condensed summary of three related papers, the first being a description of the recent evolution of a national training system, the second a detailed description and analysis on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Postsecondary Education, Student Financial...
Increasing the effectiveness of two- to four-year college transfer is critical for meeting national goals for college attainment and promoting upward social mobility. Efforts to improve institutional effectiveness in serving transfer students and state transfer policy have been hampered by a lack of comparable metrics for measuring transfer student outcomes. In this report, the authors propose a common set of metrics for measuring the effectiveness of two- and four-year institutions in enabling...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Transfer Students, Two Year College Students, Program Effectiveness,...
Based on a 180-day school year, any student who misses 18 days or more per year--or about two days per month--is considered chronically absent. An alarming 4,328 Newark students in grades kindergarten through 3rd grade were chronically absent during the 2013-14 school year. When young students miss too much school, they will likely struggle academically during that school year and in years to come. The early grades are a critical time for children to build social and academic skills for later...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attendance, Attendance Patterns, Truancy, Early Childhood Education, Young Children,...
This second edition policy brief revisits the long and storied literature on whether money matters in providing a quality education. It includes research released since the original brief in 2012 and covers a handful of additional topics. Increasingly, political rhetoric adheres to the unfounded certainty that money does not make a difference in education, and that reduced funding is unlikely to harm educational quality. Such proclamations have even been used to justify large cuts to education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Policy, Policy...
There is a crisis in American civic education. Survey after survey shows that recent college graduates are alarmingly ignorant of America's history and heritage. They cannot identify the term lengths of members of Congress, the substance of the First Amendment, or the origin of the separation of powers. They do not know the Father of the Constitution, and nearly 10% say that Judith Sheindlin--"Judge Judy"--is on the Supreme Court. Studies show that our colleges and universities are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civics, Higher Education, United States History, Knowledge Level, Elementary...
For high school students and their parents, paying for college can be daunting, particularly if student loans are a factor. Some advocates have suggested that income share agreements (ISAs) may help these families finance postsecondary education. ISAs are an alternative form of financial aid in which students pledge a portion of their future earnings in exchange for money to pay for college now. Experts and advocates have argued that ISAs can reduce the financial risk associated with student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Income Contingent Loans, Paying for College, High School Students, College Bound...
Going back a quarter century to 1992, our last three presidents all made education an integral issue of their campaigns. However, education has been largely absent during the 2016 presidential contest. Why is education not drawing much attention? For most people, education is not as urgent as national security and the economy. Much of education's prominence in previous elections is actually candidate driven rather than in response to public outcry. This article discusses how the topic of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Opinion, Educational Attitudes, Elections, Surveys, Political Campaigns, Hess,...
Adjunct instructors benefit community colleges through their flexibility, diversity, innovation and contributions to student success; however, their part-time status can result in friction with full-time/tenured faculty, a problem that can lead to bullying. In an effort to determine what forms bullying of adjunct faculty take and how these instructors respond to such treatment from full-time/tenured faculty, a survey that covered incidence, response, and resolution measures was emailed to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjunct Faculty, College Faculty, Bullying, Teaching Conditions, Teacher Surveys,...
The scholarly productivity of school psychology faculty members in specialist-level only programs was examined. Information was gathered from the School Psychology Program Information portion of the website for the National Association of School Psychologists. A total of 137 specialist-level only school psychology programs were identified. Authorship credit was computed for faculty members within each program based on journal articles published from 2002-2011. The 25 individuals with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scholarship, Productivity, School Psychologists, School Psychology, College Faculty,...
The process of globalization, more progressive development of the scientific findings, new technology and the way of communicating with the new forms of literacy in which the most secure spot has been taken by the development of natural sciences in the spirit of "sustainable development" have been the reasons that make science and sustainable development an educational imperative. The development of "natural sciences" in the educational processes in Republic of Macedonia has...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Curriculum, Science Instruction, Sustainable Development, Foreign Countries,...
The present paper is a case study based on a first year BA Hons Education Studies module that explores a number of important questions about the relationship between technology, knowledge and society and begins to think about how our ideas about each of these contribute to an understanding of what education means. Following a Foucauldian perspective on discourse, truth and power, we look with our students at science--and science education--to explore the production of knowledge in a context...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Science Education, Case Studies, Undergraduate Students, Bachelors...
The present study has two aims. Firstly, it aims to determine eighth grade students' conceptual understanding of floating and sinking through formative assessment probes. Secondly, it aims to determine whether or not there is a significant difference between students' performance in formative assessment probes and their achievement in the Standardized Science and Technology Exam (TEOG 1) exam. The sample of this research is 61 eighth grade students from a central middle school in Eskisehir....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement, Standardized Tests, Science Tests,...
Understanding teachers' beliefs is important because beliefs influence teacher decisions. In science, teacher beliefs have an impact on how science curriculum is interpreted and implemented in the classroom. With the push for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States, it is also critical to examine the beliefs of teachers who integrate science in the classroom. This study of 21 U.S. middle school science and mathematics teachers found that teachers'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Web Based Instruction, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in...
The purpose of this paper is to explain how to use the scientific method as the framework to introduce mathematical model. Two interdisciplinary activities, targeted for students in grade 6 or grade 7, are explained to show the application of the scientific method while building a mathematical model to investigate the relationship between the circumferences and the diameter of circular objects. In the first activity, a research question is pursued as it relates to the stated hypothesis. In the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scientific Methodology, Mathematical Models, Interdisciplinary Approach, Grade 6,...
Perceived loneliness and social competence were assessed for 127 children with ASD without comorbid ID, 4-7 years old, through child self-report. Using an abbreviated version of the "Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire" (LSDQ; Cassidy and Asher in Child Dev 63:250-365, 1992), the majority of children reported friendships, yet a considerable proportion also reported social difficulties. Factor analysis of the abbreviated LSDQ identified three factors, which were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Interpersonal Competence,...
This study aims to discuss the issues of integrating e-books into science teaching by preservice elementary school teachers. The study adopts both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In total, 24 preservice elementary school teachers participated in this study. The main sources of research data included e-books produced by preservice elementary school teachers, a feedback questionnaire on e-book production, and elementary school students' feedback on the use of e-books. The main...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Publishing, Technology Integration, Science Instruction, Preservice...
The California Children and Families Act of 1998 led to creation of the Kern County Children and Families Commission (First 5 Kern) to support early childhood service programs in Kern County, the third largest county in California that spread a land area as large as the state of New Jersey. In Fiscal Year 2014-15, First 5 Kern administered more than $10 million to fund 39 programs in four focus areas, Child Health, Family Functioning, Child Development, and Systems of Care. The local investment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Young Children, Partnerships in...
This study investigates the effect of social evaluation on Public Speaking Anxiety of English foreign language learners at Omar Al-Mukhtar University in Libya. A random sample of 111 students was used in the study. To analyse the collected data, means, standard deviations, a three-way ANOVA analysis, and the correlation coefficients were used with social evaluation as the dependent variable and Public Speaking Anxiety as the independent variable. The findings show that social evaluation is a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Anxiety, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning,...
The aim of this study is to analyse the effects of scientific argumentation based learning process on the eighth grade students' achievement in the unit of "cell division and inheritance". It also deals with the effects of this process on their comprehension about the nature of scientific knowledge, their willingness to take part in discussions and their attitude towards the course of science and technology. The study employed the design of pretest-post test matched control group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Grade 8, Persuasive Discourse, Science Achievement, Genetics,...
Inquiry-based instructional approaches are an effective means to actively engage students with science content and skills. This article examines the effects of an ongoing professional development program on middle and high school teachers' efficacy beliefs, confidence to teach research concepts and skills, and science content knowledge. Professional development activities included participation in a week long summer academy, designing and implementing inquiry-based lessons within the classroom,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Science...
Many African Americans were imbued with the cliché that they must work twice as hard as others to be a success in life. Entering college, students with this belief put extensive effort into earning top grades to ensure quality preparation for their chosen career; yet, some fail to earn top scores. Why? This is the million dollar question, but the answer may not be completely elusive. To investigate the problem students in a teacher preparation program were surveyed to gain their perceptions as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African American Students, College Students, Scores, Academic Achievement, Preservice...
This report highlights significant investments made by both Republican and Democratic policymakers in state-funded pre-k programs for the fourth year in a row. In the 2015-16 budget year, 32 states and the District of Columbia raised funding levels of pre-k programs. This increased support for preschool funding came from both sides of the aisle--22 states with Republican governors and 10 states with Democratic governors, plus the District of Columbia. In contrast, only five states with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Education, State Aid, Annual Reports, Trend Analysis, Funding Formulas,...
When they arrive at community colleges or open-enrollment universities, most students take placement exams in English and mathematics to determine whether they are ready for college-level courses. Students with low scores are referred to developmental--remedial--courses. Forty percent of all entering college students and over half of entering community college students must take at least one remedial course. Fewer than half make it through developmental education. This problem in developmental...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, Remedial Instruction, Community Colleges, College Students,...
This First Look report introduces new data for national and state-level public elementary and secondary revenues and expenditures for fiscal year 2013 (FY 13). Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) revenue and expenditure totals; (2) revenues by source; (3) expenditures by function and object; (4) current expenditures; and (5) current expenditures per pupil. The expenditure functions include instruction, instructional staff support...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Income, Annual Reports,...
This First Look report presents data on public elementary and secondary education revenues and expenditures at the local education agency (LEA) or school district level for fiscal year (FY) 2013. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) revenue and expenditure totals by state and the 100 largest LEAs; (2) federal revenues received by local education agencies by program and state; (3) expenditures by function and object totals by state; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, School Districts, Income, Expenditures, Public...
Involvement in the juvenile justice system has tremendous costs for the individuals within it, as well as for society. Such involvement may damage a child's relationships with friends and family, negatively affect mental health, and interrupt the academic progress and work experience that should accumulate during adolescence. On the societal level, the United States spends up to $88,000 per year on each individual placed in a juvenile corrections facility. Therefore, prevention or early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Juvenile Justice, Females, Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, At Risk...
This study aims to examine the twelve core values of Thai people found in Thai university students. The twelve values consist of the following attributes: 1.Upholding the nation, the religions and the Monarchy 2. Being honest, sacrificial and patient with positive attitude for the common good of the public 3. Being grateful to the parents, guardians and teachers 4. Seeking knowledge and education directly and indirectly 5. Treasuring the precious Thai tradition 6. Maintaining moral, integrity,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Social Values, Social Attitudes, Nationalism, Student Attitudes,...
This report presents trend data on the status of physics PhDs one year after receiving their degree. For the last decade postdoctoral fellowships were the most commonly reported positions taken by physics PhDs in the year after receiving their degree. The type of initial employment for of physics PhDs varied depending on the subfield of their dissertation. The findings in this report come from the annual American Institute of Physics (AIP) Follow-up Survey of physics PhD recipients, classes of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Doctoral Degrees, Physics, Followup Studies, Graduate Surveys, Doctoral...
As school districts nationwide struggle to raise academic achievement of students, an emphasis is made to increase the rigor of core subjects such as math, language arts, reading and writing. To balance the school day, courses such as physical education, health, and fine arts are given less prominence in scheduling. For physical education (PE), a remedy practiced by school districts is to allow alternative credit through participation in Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC), marching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Military Training, High School Students, Student Participation, Physical Education,...
The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. This Fast Facts covers data in the following categories: (1) States, Including D.C., with the Highest Concentration of ELs Who Are Black; (2) States, Including D.C., with the Largest Number of ELs Who Are Black; (3) Local Education Agencies (LEAs) with the Largest Number of ELs Who Are Black; (4) Top 15 Languages Spoken At...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Language Acquisition, Population Distribution, School...
The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The topics for this report on English Learners (ELs) Who Are American Indian and/or Alaska Native (AI/AN) include: (1) States With the Highest Percentage of ELs Who Were AI/AN: SY 2011-12; (2) Local Education Agencies With High Percentages of ELs Who Were AI/AN: SY 2011-12; (3) AI/AN Languages Spoken by ELs as Reported by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, American Indians, American Indian Education, Alaska...
According to the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" (ESEA) section 9101(25), an EL (or "limited English proficient" child, per the ESEA) is "an individual (A) who is aged 3 through 21; (B) who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an elementary school or secondary school; (C)(i) who was not born in the United States or whose native language is a language other than English; (ii)(I) who is a Native American or Alaska Native, or a native resident of the outlying...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Limited English Speaking, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students,...
The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The topics for this report on English Learners (ELs) who are Asian or Pacific Islander include: (1) Top 10 Asian and Pacific Islander Languages Spoken Among ELs: SY 2013-14; (2) Numbers of Reported EL Speakers of Top Asian or Pacific Islander Languages: SY 2006-07 through 2013-14; (3) Ten States With the Highest Number of ELs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Asians, Pacific Islanders, Statistical Data, Incidence,...
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), also known as the Nation's Report Card, is the largest continuing and nationally representative assessment of what students know about mathematics, reading, science, writing, the arts, civics, economics, geography, U.S. history, and technology and engineering literacy. This fact sheet reports only the reading and mathematics trends. Not all students in schools take NAEP. A sample of schools is selected based on school location, minority...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Competency Tests, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Scores,...
The present study evaluated the latest English Language Teacher Training Programme in Turkey from the viewpoint of students who were enrolled on the programme for a period of four years. Participants were 90 last year students who were enrolled in the English Language Teaching department at Uludag University, Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire which contained the inventory of programme courses, each of which was rated by the students regarding three criteria: the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Language Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, English (Second...
The present study evaluated the latest English Language Teacher Training Programme in Turkey from the viewpoint of students who were enrolled on the programme for a period of four years. Participants were 90 last year students who were enrolled in the English Language Teaching department at Uludag University, Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire which contained the inventory of programme courses, each of which was rated by the students regarding three criteria: the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Teachers, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Course...
The current article presents some key theories most relevant to the development of oral communication skills in an Indonesian senior high school. Critical analysis on the learners' background is employed to figure out their strengths and weaknesses. The brief overview of the learning context and learners' characteristic are used to identify which particular theories and issues of L2 teaching would best suit the need of developing their oral communication skills. A bibliography is included.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Speech Communication, Educational Theories, Special Needs Students, Communication...
Grammar Instruction has an important role to play in helping students to speak and write more effectively. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of direct grammar instruction on the quality of student's writing skills. The participants in this study included 18 fifth grade students and two fifth grade teachers. Based on the results of the students' pre-assessment writing scores through Write Score, direct grammar instruction was administered to address common errors found in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grammar, Direct Instruction, Writing Skills, Instructional Effectiveness, Grade 5,...
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most subjects, AP Potential expectancy tables have been derived by combining 10th- and 11th-grade PSAT/NMSQT data with scores from AP Exams taken as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations,...
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that respondents to ethnic and racial data collection efforts have the option to select with more than one ethnicity and/or racial group. This paper focuses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias, Surveys,...
Charter schools are publicly-funded educational entities that operate independently from local school districts and are exempt from certain state and local requirements, particularly with regard to teacher personnel policy. In exchange for this flexibility, charter schools are held more accountable for results and may be shut down if they fail to meet the expectations described in their performance contract (or charter). The degree to which charter schools have leveraged both flexibility and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, Human Resources, Accountability, Competition, Board of Education...
The purpose of this paper was to conduct a scan of the current state of the evidence regarding what works in helping disconnected young people, defined as the population of young people ages 16 to 24 who are not connected to work or school. The following four main research questions were investigated: (1) What local, state, and federal policies have an impact on disconnected young people? What policies are helping improve services for this population? What policies are barriers to creating...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student School Relationship, Adolescents, Young Adults, Barriers, Policy, Access to...
The purpose of this study was to inform the deliberations of a policymakers' working group by investigating what key actors in the materials' marketplace are doing to align digital and print-based materials with the Australian Curriculum and what steps need to be taken to deliver aligned materials to schools. Content analysis method was used to review research literature about the materials' marketplace, the publishing industry, and the procurement, selection and use of materials. Survey method...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, Alignment (Education), Educational...
The general secondary stage in Egypt is a vital educational phase since it plays an essential role in developing students' thinking and learning styles to prepare them for life in general and higher education in particular. Accordingly, it has become urgent and persistent to develop secondary-stage students' critical thinking styles while acquainting them with self-learning skills that would facilitate lifelong learning to guarantee meaningful learning and active participation in public life....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Lifelong Learning, Models, Learning Strategies, Cognitive Style,...
The purpose of this study is to describe and examine the structures and policies a public, comprehensive high school put in place to implement problem-based learning (PBL) across content areas. Starting in 2010, the school implemented PBL in the hopes of increasing students' career and college readiness skills. The research took place at a comprehensive, public high school in the Pacific Northwest that serves a racially, ethnically, linguistically, and learning ability-diverse population of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, Career Readiness, High Schools, Problem Based Learning, Curriculum...
Elisabeth Barnett of the Community College Research Center proposes a new dimension to the general understanding of how best to prepare high school students for higher education. She suggests considering the accumulation of momentum points--specific to college preparatory "experiences" and markers of educational "attainment" in high school--that together provide graduates with a greater likelihood of college success. Together, these critical points can form a "momentum...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Preparation, Educational Attainment, Experience, College School Cooperation,...
This executive summary describes a paper that is part of a series intended to encourage the nation's secondary and postsecondary systems to take joint responsibility for substantially increasing the number of young people who are prepared for college and career success. In this report, author Elisabeth Barnett of the Community College Research Center identifies key ways that high schools and higher education can collaborate to redesign the transition from 12th grade through the first year of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Preparation, Educational Attainment, Experience, College School Cooperation,...
This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the September quarter 2015. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.86 (December 2015 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (that is, for training activity from the March quarter 2014 to the September quarter 2015). Estimates take into account reporting lags that occur at the time of data collection. Consequently, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Apprenticeships, Trainees, Educational...
Each year, governors take the stage to highlight accomplishments and outline policy priorities for their states. In an effort to provide up-to-date information on education policy trends, Education Commission of the States tracks all education policy proposals and accomplishments featured by governors in these State of the State addresses. At the top of the agenda for governors in 2016 is the continued focus on increasing education funding without raising taxes or cutting other services....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Trends, Educational Policy, Educational Finance, Compensation...
Collective impact is an increasingly popular approach to addressing persistent social problems. It takes a place-based systems approach to social change and compared with other forms of collaboration is meant to be more structured and strategic. Such an approach is intuitively appealing, and it has the support of stakeholders at the local level, the state level, and even the White House. However, engaging in strategic, cross-sector collaboration is challenging. This brief draws on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Problems, Social Change, Cooperation, Cooperative Planning, Theory Practice...
The "State of the States 2016" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or administrative code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based on a comprehensive search of state education statute and codes on each state's relevant websites. Complete results from this review are available in an online searchable database at www.aep-arts.org. Only those policies found in state statute, law, or administrative regulations/code that refer...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Educational Policy, State Policy, Early Childhood Education,...
Within the constitution of each of the 50 states, there is language that mandates the creation of a public education system. The authority for public education falls to states because of a 1973 Supreme Court case which determined that the federal government has no responsibility to provide systems of public education. These constitutional education provisions vary from state to state, with some states specifically laying out the foundation of their education system while others leave the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Education, Constitutional Law, State Government, Court Litigation, Educational...
The School of Cultures, Languages and Area Studies at the University of Nottingham hosted the fifth annual conference in the "Innovative Language Teaching at University" series. Under the heading "Enhancing participation and collaboration" the conference, organised by Cecilia Goria, Oranna Speicher and Sascha Stollhans, took place on 19 June 2015, and was attended by over 120 linguists, language teachers and language acquisition researchers from all over the world. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Innovation, Classroom Communication, Second Language Learning, Second...
The inclusion of pupils into schools of the main educational stream is emphasized at the international level. Recently, this trend is more strongly applied in post-communist countries, where the now-criticized approaches (based on the exclusion of pupils with mild intellectual disability and behaviour disorders--e.g. ADHD--and their inclusion into special schools) persisted for a long time. Currently, the discussion on appropriate educational approaches which should be applied is now under...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Inquiry, Mild Intellectual Disability, Behavior Disorders,...
Interactive projects among students of a Common European Framework of Reference for languages (CEFR) A1+/A2 level seem difficult to set up due to the limited language repertoire of the students. Thus, our aim was to take up the challenge and start a project with the objective of applying their language skills. We chose a collaborative approach to this project in order to offer students a shared learning experience. [For the complete volume, "Innovative Language Teaching and Learning at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Second Language Instruction, Second...
This paper focuses on the outcomes of a project funded by the Teaching and Learning Enhancement Office at the University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC). Students were recruited to design a new navigational architecture for the Moodle pages of the Language Centre. They received some training on the key principles of distributive learning and worked with a small team of Language Centre Blended Learning coordinators in a series of rapid prototyping design workshops. The core focus of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Agents, Virtual Classrooms, Navigation (Information Systems), Computer System...