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Computational models that automatically detect learners' affective states are powerful tools for investigating the interplay of affect and learning. Over the past decade, affect detectors--which recognize learners' affective states at run-time using behavior logs and sensor data--have advanced substantially across a range of K-12 and postsecondary education settings. Machine learning-based affect detectors can be developed to utilize several types of data, including software logs, video/audio...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Models, Affective Behavior, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Games, Medical Services,...
This study examines the accuracy of performance ratings from the Framework for Leadership (FFL), Pennsylvania's tool for evaluating the leadership practices of principals and assistant principals. The study analyzed four key properties of the FFL: score variation, internal consistency, year-to-year stability, and concurrent validity. Score variation was characterized by the percentages of school leaders earning scores in different portions of the rating scale. To measure the internal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Effectiveness, Principals, Assistant Principals, Administrator Evaluation,...
This "Stated Briefly" report is a companion piece that summarizes the results of another report of the same name. This study examines the accuracy of performance ratings from the Framework for Leadership (FFL), Pennsylvania's tool for evaluating the leadership practices of principals and assistant principals. The study analyzed four key properties of the FFL: score variation, internal consistency, year-to-year stability, and concurrent validity. Score variation was characterized by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Effectiveness, Principals, Assistant Principals, Administrator Evaluation,...
The research is an experimental study which has experimental and control groups, and based on pre-test, post-test, monitoring test model. Research group consists of second and third grade students of Primary School Education and Psychological Counseling undergraduate programmes in Giresun University Faculty of Educational Sciences. The research group was formed among the students whose academic procrastination tendency is middle or high, by using academic procrastination scale. 60 students,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Psychotherapy, Time Management, Prevention, Intervention, Program...
The present study has two aims. Firstly, it aims to determine eighth grade students' conceptual understanding of floating and sinking through formative assessment probes. Secondly, it aims to determine whether or not there is a significant difference between students' performance in formative assessment probes and their achievement in the Standardized Science and Technology Exam (TEOG 1) exam. The sample of this research is 61 eighth grade students from a central middle school in Eskisehir....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement, Standardized Tests, Science Tests,...
Understanding teachers' beliefs is important because beliefs influence teacher decisions. In science, teacher beliefs have an impact on how science curriculum is interpreted and implemented in the classroom. With the push for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States, it is also critical to examine the beliefs of teachers who integrate science in the classroom. This study of 21 U.S. middle school science and mathematics teachers found that teachers'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Web Based Instruction, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in...
This study aims to discuss the issues of integrating e-books into science teaching by preservice elementary school teachers. The study adopts both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In total, 24 preservice elementary school teachers participated in this study. The main sources of research data included e-books produced by preservice elementary school teachers, a feedback questionnaire on e-book production, and elementary school students' feedback on the use of e-books. The main...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Publishing, Technology Integration, Science Instruction, Preservice...
This study investigates the effect of social evaluation on Public Speaking Anxiety of English foreign language learners at Omar Al-Mukhtar University in Libya. A random sample of 111 students was used in the study. To analyse the collected data, means, standard deviations, a three-way ANOVA analysis, and the correlation coefficients were used with social evaluation as the dependent variable and Public Speaking Anxiety as the independent variable. The findings show that social evaluation is a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Anxiety, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning,...
The aim of this study is to analyse the effects of scientific argumentation based learning process on the eighth grade students' achievement in the unit of "cell division and inheritance". It also deals with the effects of this process on their comprehension about the nature of scientific knowledge, their willingness to take part in discussions and their attitude towards the course of science and technology. The study employed the design of pretest-post test matched control group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Grade 8, Persuasive Discourse, Science Achievement, Genetics,...
Inquiry-based instructional approaches are an effective means to actively engage students with science content and skills. This article examines the effects of an ongoing professional development program on middle and high school teachers' efficacy beliefs, confidence to teach research concepts and skills, and science content knowledge. Professional development activities included participation in a week long summer academy, designing and implementing inquiry-based lessons within the classroom,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Science...
This study aims to examine the twelve core values of Thai people found in Thai university students. The twelve values consist of the following attributes: 1.Upholding the nation, the religions and the Monarchy 2. Being honest, sacrificial and patient with positive attitude for the common good of the public 3. Being grateful to the parents, guardians and teachers 4. Seeking knowledge and education directly and indirectly 5. Treasuring the precious Thai tradition 6. Maintaining moral, integrity,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Social Values, Social Attitudes, Nationalism, Student Attitudes,...
The present study evaluated the latest English Language Teacher Training Programme in Turkey from the viewpoint of students who were enrolled on the programme for a period of four years. Participants were 90 last year students who were enrolled in the English Language Teaching department at Uludag University, Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire which contained the inventory of programme courses, each of which was rated by the students regarding three criteria: the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Language Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, English (Second...
The present study evaluated the latest English Language Teacher Training Programme in Turkey from the viewpoint of students who were enrolled on the programme for a period of four years. Participants were 90 last year students who were enrolled in the English Language Teaching department at Uludag University, Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire which contained the inventory of programme courses, each of which was rated by the students regarding three criteria: the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Teachers, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Course...
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most subjects, AP Potential expectancy tables have been derived by combining 10th- and 11th-grade PSAT/NMSQT data with scores from AP Exams taken as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations,...
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that respondents to ethnic and racial data collection efforts have the option to select with more than one ethnicity and/or racial group. This paper focuses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias, Surveys,...
Motivation is one of the most important factors which influences second language learning (Dörnyei, 1998; Gardner & Lambert, 1972). A support mechanism which reinforces student motivation through encouragement, social interaction, feedback, sound learning environments and good teaching is crucial for ensuring successful learning. This is particularly relevant in distance or online language learning settings, as learners work more autonomously and independently than in conventional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Participation, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Program Effectiveness,...
In this paper I will report on a personal experimentation with Facebook and wikis as collaborative learning tools. The aims of implementing these strategies were to develop students' writing skills and to change their attitudes towards learning in the digital age. I delved into this research because I do believe that learning in the new millennium has grown beyond the boundaries of the four walls of the classroom. I have a strong conviction that informal learning through networks is a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Media, Cooperative Learning, Collaborative Writing, Web Sites, Web 2.0...
A study was conducted to assess veterinary students' and faculty perceptions of a variety of academic and classroom behaviors, and the degree to which these are acceptable or not. Two instruments were developed for this purpose: 1) The Exams and Assignments Scale (EAS), consisted of 23 items measuring the extent to which a variety of examination and assignment-related actions and behaviors constituted misconduct, and 2) The Classroom Behavior Scale (CBS), consisted of 8 items and measured the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Veterinary Medical Education, Student Attitudes, College Students,...
The present study aimed at developing English language planning strategy of second year distinguished governmental language preparatory school pupils using the a WebQuest model. Fifty participants from second year at Hassan Abu-Bakr Distinguished Governmental Language School at Al-Qanater Al-Khairia (Qalubia Governorate) were randomly assigned into two groups: experimental group (N = 25) and control group (N = 25). Two main instruments were used: writing strategies questionnaire and think-aloud...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Web Sites,...
The present study aimed at developing the memoir writing skills as a creative non-fiction genre of second year distinguished governmental language preparatory school pupils using the a WebQuest model. Fifty participants from second year at Hassan Abu-Bakr Distinguished Governmental Language School at Al-Qanater Al-Khairia(Qalubia Governorate) were randomly assigned into two groups: experimental group (N = 25) and control group (N = 25). Two main instruments were used: a creative writing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Autobiographies, Personal Narratives, Writing Skills, Nonfiction,...
Multilevel mediation analyses test whether students' mid-year reports of classroom experiences of autonomy, relatedness with peers, and competence mediate associations between early in the school year emotionally-supportive teacher-student interactions (independently observed) and student-reported academic year changes in mastery motivation and behavioral engagement. When teachers were observed to be more emotionally-supportive in the beginning of the school year, adolescents reported academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Motivation, Teacher Influence, Affective Behavior, Teacher Behavior, Teacher...
Increasing educational attainment is generally tied to better employment outcomes. The vocational education and training (VET) sector is often used as an entry point into post-compulsory education for individuals who have experienced disadvantage in their lives. But does increasing participation in VET by disadvantaged individuals necessarily lead to the same benefits as experienced by their non-disadvantaged peers? Specifically, do disadvantaged learners have similar completion rates and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Educational Attainment, Postsecondary Education, Disadvantaged...
This study examines links between essay quality and text elaboration and text cohesion. For this study, 35 students wrote two essays (on two different prompts) and for each, were given 15 minutes to elaborate on their original text. An expert in discourse comprehension then modified the original and elaborated essays to increase cohesion, resulting in a 2 (prompt) x 2 (original content, elaborated content) x 2 (original cohesion, improved cohesion) design. Expert raters scored the essays for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Essays, Writing Assignments, Writing Skills, Connected Discourse, Persuasive...
An important topic in writing research has been the use of cohesive features. Much of this research has focused on local and text cohesion. The few studies that have studied global cohesion have been restricted to first language writing. This study investigates the development of local, global, and text cohesion in the writing of 57 language (L2) university students and examines the effects of these cohesion types on judgments of L2 writing quality. Growth is observed in the use of a number of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing (Composition), Essays, Writing Assignments, Second Language Learning, College...
This study examined the contribution of teachers' Continuous Professional Development (CPD) to quality of education and its challenging factors related with teachers. For this purpose, the study employed descriptive survey method. 76 or 40.86% participant teachers were selected using simple random sampling technique. Close-ended questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Data from questionnaire were analyzed using one sample t-test. As study results pointed out, although teachers'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Professional Continuing Education, Faculty Development,...
How long does it typically take English learner students to develop English language proficiency? And how does this time vary by student characteristics such as English proficiency at entry to kindergarten, gender, and home language? The answers to these questions can provide valuable information to districts and schools. Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Northwest in partnership with the Road Map Project undertook the study presented in this report to help its members understand more about...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Student Characteristics, Classification, Time, Statistical...
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for other applicants. Educational measurement professionals have long recognized this conundrum and have produced concordance tables to provide a way to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants,...
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in the 2010-11 school year, when the children in the sample were in kindergarten, and will continue through the spring of 2016, when most of the children...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 3, Early Childhood Education, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Student...
This paper addresses the process of transcribing and annotating spontaneous non-native speech with the aim of compiling a training corpus for the development of Computer Assisted Pronunciation Training (CAPT) applications, enhanced with Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) technology. To better adapt ASR technology to CAPT tools, the recognition systems must be trained with non-native corpora transcribed and annotated at several linguistic levels. This allows the automatic generation of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Japanese, Second Language Learning, Phonemes, Computational Linguistics,...
This report examines common strategies used by six Montana schools that had high student passing rates in online credit recovery courses offered by the Montana Digital Academy (MTDA) in the 2013/14 school year. The study is based on analysis of interviews conducted with school-based facilitators who oversee the implementation of the online MTDA credit recovery program at their schools. The facilitators were asked to describe how their schools had implemented the MTDA program and to reflect on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Best Practices, Interviews, Facilitators (Individuals), Program Implementation,...
School suspension rates have been rising since the early 1970s, especially for children of color. One body of research has demonstrated that suspension from school is harmful to students, as it increases the risk of retention and school dropout. Another has demonstrated that school dropouts impose huge social costs on their states and localities, due to lost wages and taxes, increased crime, higher welfare costs, and poorer health. Although it is estimated that reducing school suspension rates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discipline, Suspension, Costs, Dropouts, Causal Models, Computation, Longitudinal...
The present study was undertaken with the objectives to find out the impact of Socio-economic Status as well as sex differences on study habits of class VII students (100) of Government Colleges of Amroha District. The effects of two independent variables on study habits of the aforementioned students were assessed by using two Psychological tests namely Socio-economic Status Scale (Urban); by Dr. Kulshrestha and Rao's Study Habits Inventory. The findings indicated a significant effect of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Study Habits, Socioeconomic Influences, Gender Differences, College Students, Foreign...
The goal of the current research was to better understand when and why feedback has positive effects on learning and to identify features of feedback that may improve its efficacy. In a randomized experiment, second-grade children (N = 75) received instruction on a correct problem-solving strategy and then solved a set of relevant problems. Children were assigned to receive no feedback, immediate feedback, or summative feedback from the computer. On a posttest the following day, feedback...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feedback (Response), Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving,...
The present study aimed at characterizing what skilled or more proficient ESL college writing is in the Philippine setting through a contrastive analysis of three groups of variables identified from previous studies: resources, processes, and performance of ESL writers. Based on Chenoweth and Hayes' (2001; 2003) framework, the resource level variables are represented by linguistic and content knowledge, writing experience, and writing approach; the process variables are represented by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign...
This study aimed at investigating the preferred refusal strategies in Persian. 3047 refusals collected by 108 field workers as well as 376 refusals collected through face to face interviews were analyzed and classified according to the descriptions proposed by Liao (1994) and Liao and Bresnahan (1996). The frequencies of the resulting direct and indirect refusal strategies were then used as the data for the current study. Politeness systems as suggested by the model proposed by Scollon and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Indo European Languages, Nonparametric Statistics, Statistical Analysis, Language...
Many preschool language-focused interventions attempt to boost language and literacy skills in young children at risk in these areas of development, though the long-term effects of such interventions are not well-established. This study investigated kindergarten language and reading skills, specifically the subcomponents of vocabulary, decoding, and reading comprehension, for children exposed to the language-focused intervention "Learning Language and Loving It" (LLLI; Weitzman &...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Acquisition, Reading Skills, Decoding (Reading), Intervention, Reading...
This report assesses the impact of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research's (NCVER) research against two themes: the role of apprenticeships in a modern economy (focusing on work relating to completions) and the nature of the vocations and competencies required by industry. The evaluation spans work published from 2005 to 2015 and examines the impact of 32 publications, complemented by input from a number of stakeholders who were asked to report on their use of NCVER's research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Research Utilization, Educational Policy, Educational Practices,...
We explore how crowdworkers can be trained to tackle complex crowdsourcing tasks. We are particularly interested in training novice workers to perform well on solving tasks in situations where the space of strategies is large and workers need to discover and try different strategies to be successful. In a first experiment, we perform a comparison of five different training strategies. For complex web search challenges, we show that providing expert examples is an effective form of training,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Training Methods, Novices, Outsourcing, Comparative Analysis, Online Searching,...
Competency-based education (CBE) has garnered significant attention lately from reformers and policymakers. Put simply, CBE awards credit based on what students have learned rather than how much time they spend in class. Competency-based programs identify specific competencies, develop assessments to measure mastery of those competencies, and then award credit or other credentials to those students who meet or exceed benchmarks on those assessments. CBE programs give students flexibility to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competency Based Education, Educational Research, Postsecondary Education, Prior...
Florida law requires the 100 lowest performing elementary schools in reading to extend the school day by one hour to provide supplemental reading instruction. This study found that those schools were smaller than other elementary schools and served a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minority students and students eligible for the school lunch program. The lowest performing schools reported increasing the number of minutes of reading instruction provided to students, increasing staff, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Achievement, Extended School Day, Elementary Schools, Supplementary...
Clinical evidence has shown that physical exercise during pregnancy may alter brain development and improve cognitive function of offspring. However, the mechanisms through which maternal exercise might promote such effects are not well understood. The present study examined levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and absolute cell numbers in the hippocampal formation and cerebral cortex of rat pups born from mothers exercised during pregnancy. Additionally, we evaluated the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mothers, Pregnancy, Exercise, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Brain, Adults, Animals,...
This paper presents findings of an initial study on a trilingual code-switching (CS) phenomenon called "Hokaglish" in Binondo, Manila, The Philippines. Beginning with descriptions of multiculturalism and multilingualism in the Philippines, the discussion eventually leads to the description and survey of the code-switching phenomenon among English, Filipino, and Hokkien. Frequency-based findings reveal that, in Hokaglish, CS from Hokkien to English is the most frequent CS combination...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Multilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Morphology (Languages), Foreign...
Most U.S. school districts (88 percent) offer credit recovery courses or programs for students. In rural states such as Montana, online credit recovery options are especially popular because they allow schools to serve students in remote areas throughout the year, across a range of subjects, and with few additional resources (Carver & Lewis, 2011; Oliver, Osborne, Patel, & Kleiman, 2009). Such programs offer students greater flexibility and choice, which results in more opportunities to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Credits, Repetition, Required Courses, Enrollment Rate, Academic...
In this study, it is aimed to determination of the relationship between learning styles and TIMSS mathematics achievements of eighth grade students. Correlational research design that is one of the quantitative research methods, was used in this study. The sample of the research consists of 652 8th grade students 347 are male and 305 are female and the students continue their education in 11 different middle schools in the centre of Bayburt in Turkey. In the research, two data collection tools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Cognitive Style, Achievement...
In an effort to promote best practices regarding mathematics teaching and learning at the preschool level, national advisory panels and organizations have emphasized the importance of children's emergent counting and related competencies, such as the ability to verbally count, maintain one-to-one correspondence, count with cardinality, subitize, and count forward or backward from a given number. However, little research has investigated whether the kind of mathematical knowledge promoted by the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Grade 5, Preschool Children, Low Income...
Young children experience various types of early care and education environments the year before they enter kindergarten. Some children attend center-based arrangements such as preschools, childcare centers, or Head Start programs, while others are cared for in relatives' or nonrelatives' homes or are normally cared for only by their parents. Prior research indicates that children's participation rates in specific types of primary care arrangements and their knowledge and skills at kindergarten...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Kindergarten, Young Children, Correlation, School Readiness, Family Characteristics,...
Middle school algebra students (N = 125) randomly assigned within classroom to a Problem-solving control group, a Correct worked examples control group, or an Incorrect worked examples group, completed an experimental classroom study to assess the differential effects of incorrect examples versus the two control groups on students' algebra learning, competence expectancy, and sense of belonging to math class. The study also explored whether prior knowledge impacted the effectiveness of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Algebra, Secondary School Mathematics, Randomized Controlled...
This study used administrative data from Wisconsin Virtual School to identify patterns of student engagement in online courses (defined as the amount of time students were logged in to their course each week and how this varied over time). The study also examined whether the patterns were associated with course outcomes (defined as the percentage of possible points earned and the percentage of course activities completed). Six patterns of engagement were identified, and most students in five of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learner Engagement, Online Courses, Outcomes of Education, Virtual Classrooms, Time...
Introduction: Telemedicine is an emerging technology in health sector in India. The success of any new technology depends on many factors including the knowledge and understanding of the concept, skills acquired, attitude towards technology and working environment by the concerned professionals. Aim: The main objective of this study was to assess the awareness, knowledge, attitude and skills of telemedicine among the health professionals working in the teaching hospitals of Puducherry Region of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Information Technology, Medicine, Medical Services, Allied Health...
Knowing what we do not yet know is critical for learning. Nonetheless, people typically overestimate their prowess--but is this true of everyone? Three studies examined who shows overconfidence and why. Study 1 demonstrated that participants with an entity (fixed) theory of intelligence, those known to avoid negative information, showed significantly more overconfidence than those with more incremental (malleable) theories. In Study 2, participants who were taught an entity theory of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Self Esteem, Intelligence, Learning Theories, Attention, Metacognition, Self...
Gender achievement gaps on national and state assessments have been a popular research topic over the last few decades. Many prior studies examine these gaps in different subjects (e.g., mathematics, reading, and science) and grades (typically kindergarten through eighth grade) for students living in various regions (typically states or countries) using a variety of measures. Despite drawing different conclusions about the exact magnitude of the gaps, the general findings about the existence of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Standardized Tests, School...
Over the last decade, accountability reform has been at the forefront of the domestic policy agenda. Although the Obama Administration was critical of some elements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), its policies endorsed high-stakes testing and expanded the scope of the stakes. With the Race to the Top and an NCLB waiver process, the administration doubled down on using student test results for high stakes purposes, making not only schools but also teachers and principals accountable for student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Educational Policy,...
Children from low-income and ethnic minority backgrounds have demonstrated substantially lower levels of math achievement than their middle class majority peers for decades. The present study addressed two research questions: (1) when used as a supplement to typical classroom instruction and in isolation from the larger curriculum, does Building Blocks Software lead to improvements in math achievement as measured by proximal and distal measures of mathematics?; and (2) are the impacts of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Computer Assisted Instruction, Numeracy, Mathematics...
The purpose of this study is to propose a general framework for power analyses to detect the moderator effects in two- and three-level cluster randomized trials (CRTs). The study specifically aims to: (1) develop the statistical formulations for calculating statistical power, minimum detectable effect size (MDES) and its confidence interval to detect the moderation effects in two- and three-level CRTs, which include same and cross-level moderation, binary and continuous moderators, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trials, Effect Size, Computation,...
Given the importance of education and the growing public demand for improving education quality under tight budget constraints, there has been an emerging movement to call for research-informed decisions in educational resource allocation. Despite the abundance of rigorous studies on the effectiveness, cost, and implementation of educational interventions, school- and district-level practitioners find that the applicability of these studies to their decision-making problems in the real...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bayesian Statistics, Decision Making, Educational Research, Research Methodology,...
Complex surveys are often used to estimate causal effects regarding the effects of interventions or exposures of interest. Propensity scores (Rosenbaum & Rubin, 1983) have emerged as one popular and effective tool for causal inference in non-experimental studies, as they can help ensure that groups being compared are similar with respect to a large set of observed characteristics. However, little work has investigated how best to combine propensity scores and complex survey data to estimate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Outcomes of Treatment, Probability, Surveys, Computation, Statistical Analysis,...
Cluster randomized trials (CRTs), or studies in which intact groups of individuals are randomly assigned to a condition, are becoming more common in evaluation studies of educational programs. A specific type of CRT in which clusters are randomly assigned to treatment within blocks or sites, known as multisite cluster randomized trials (MSCRTs), are the most frequent in the literature. The primary question that often guides the design of MSCRTs is whether or not the program works. Hence the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Computation, Randomized Controlled Trials, Cluster Grouping,...
The purpose of this study is extend previous methods by Raudenbush and Liu (2001) and Spybrook et al. (2011), and provide methods for power analysis of tests of treatment effects in studies of polynomial change with two levels of nesting (e.g., students and schools) where the treatment is either at the third level (e.g., school intervention) or at the second level (e.g., student intervention). In particular, the authors provide methods for power analysis for block randomized designs (BRD) where...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Growth Models, Statistical Analysis, Change, Outcomes of Treatment, Randomized...
The SUN approach to biological energy transfer education is fundamentally different from past practices that trace chemical and energy inputs and outputs. The SUN approach uses a hydrogen fuel cell to convince learners that electrons can move from one substance to another based on differential attraction. With a hydrogen fuel cell, learners can see a propeller turning when only hydrogen and oxygen gases are present. The movement of electrons from the hydrogen fuel to the oxygen acceptor is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Biology, Fuels, Scientific Concepts, Energy, Motion, Randomized...
In recent decades, magnet schools have become a way for districts to provide school choice. Magnet schools are one of the many options provided to parents so that they can select a school to meet their children's educational needs and interests. After a short gap in federal grants for magnet school implementation, Congress established the current Magnet School Assistance Program (MSAP) in 1984. This study examined 21 MSAP-supported elementary schools from around the nation to see how their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Magnet Schools, Academic Achievement, Elementary Schools, Educational Change, School...
Cluster randomized experiments are ubiquitous in modern education research. Although a variety of modeling approaches are used to analyze these data, perhaps the most common methodology is a normal mixed effects model where some effects, such as the treatment effect, are regarded as fixed, and others, such as the effect of group random assignment or the neighborhoods where the students live, are regarded as random. For these models, the standard reference used by education researchers is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Effect Size, Randomized Controlled Trials, Educational Experiments, Educational...
Current practice for conducting power analyses in hierarchical trials using survey based ICC and effect size estimates may be misestimating power because ICCs are not being adjusted to account for treatment effect heterogeneity. Results presented in Table 1 show that the necessary adjustments can be quite large or quite small. Furthermore, power estimates without adjusting the ICC could be either too large or too small, depending on the covariance of school specific treatment effects with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Effect Size, Surveys, Hierarchical Linear...
Over 200 million children under the age of 5 are not fulfilling their developmental potential due to poverty, poor health, and lack of cognitive stimulation. Experiences in early childhood have long term-effects on brain development and thus the cognitive and social-emotional skills that promote children's school success. Further, early childhood development is linked longitudinally to children's educational outcomes in low- and middle-income (LAMI) contexts. The present study seeks to explore...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Early Intervention, Family Environment, Social Development,...
This Data Point examines the persistence and attainment of students who enrolled in postsecondary education for the first time in 2003-04, focusing on subbaccalaureate students (those seeking a certificate or associate's degree) and, among subbaccalaureate students, those who pursue occupational education. Their progress was tracked over 6 years. The BPS students examined here were initially surveyed in 2003-04 (at the end of their first academic year) then re-surveyed in 2005-06 and in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Persistence, Student Surveys, Two Year College Students, Educational...
In recent years, there has been increasing focus on the issue of multiple hypotheses testing in education evaluation studies. In these studies, researchers are typically interested in testing the effectiveness of an intervention on multiple outcomes, for multiple subgroups, at multiple points in time or across multiple treatment groups. When multiple hypotheses are tested, the probability of committing at least some Type I errors increases and more dramatically with a greater number of tests....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Hypothesis Testing, Intervention, Error Patterns, Evaluation Methods, Testing,...
As evidence-based reform becomes increasingly important in educational policy, it is becoming essential to understand how research design might contribute to reported effect sizes in experiments evaluating educational programs. The purpose of this study was to examine how methodological features such as types of publication, sample sizes, and research designs affect effect sizes in experiments. In order to investigate the relationships between study methodological features and effect sizes, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Effect Size, Evidence Based Practice, Educational Change, Educational Policy,...
Recent research on multiple measures of teaching effectiveness has redefined the role of in-classroom observations in teacher evaluation systems. In particular, most states now mandate that teachers are observed on multiple occasions during the school year, and it is increasingly common that multiple raters are utilized across the different rating occasions. In-classroom observations are typically conducted using a rating rubric. However, related research has found that many rubrics measure...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Models, Multivariate Analysis, Scoring Rubrics, Teacher Evaluation, Evaluation...
The idea of targeting reading instruction to profiles of students' strengths and weaknesses in component skills is central to teaching. However, these profiles are often based on unreliable descriptions of students' oral reading errors, text reading levels, or learning profiles. This research utilized latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine reading and language skills in a large, representative sample of Florida students in kindergarten through 10th grades. Additionally, it examined the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Profiles, Reading Skills, Language Skills, Statistical Analysis, Elementary Secondary...
Many studies have called attention to the limitations of current teacher evaluation systems and the need for reform nationwide. This study addresses three research questions: (1) What are the features of the new teacher evaluation systems in New Hampshire's districts with SIG schools?; (2) To what extent did schools implement the evaluation system as intended?; and (3) What factors affected implementation during the pilot year? The study included a sample of 35 evaluators and 277 teachers who...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Program Implementation, Pilot Projects, Surveys, Semi Structured...
The purpose of this report is to present the results of a two-year randomized control trial evaluation of the SPARK literacy program. SPARK is an early grade literacy program developed by Boys & Girls Clubs of Greater Milwaukee. In 2010, SPARK was awarded an Investing in Innovation (i3) Department of Education grant to further develop the program and test its impact in seven Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS). The evaluation used a randomized control trial selection to test the impact of SPARK...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Literacy, Reading Programs, Program Evaluation, Program...
This study provides a basis for understanding how long it typically takes English language learners (ELLs) in seven Washington school districts to achieve reclassification as former ELLs. Researchers looked at ELLs' grade level and English proficiency at school entry, as well as their gender, home language, race/ethnicity, special education status, and country of birth. The study addresses three research questions: (1) What was the average time taken by ELLs to achieve reclassification?; (2)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, English Language Learners, Special Education, Classification,...
The current study examines classroom-level peer behavioral regulation skills and their implications for children's school readiness outcomes. Specifically, this study will answer the following research questions: (1) Is the average level of peers' behavioral regulation skills in a classroom in the fall associated with growth in children's school readiness outcomes in preschool (motor, content knowledge, and language), across fall to spring? Is a child's skill relative to his or her peers in a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Self Control, Peer Groups, School Readiness, Correlation, Psychomotor Skills,...
The purpose of the present study was to reveal the developmental pathway from third grade cognitive competencies to sixth grade conceptual and procedural fraction knowledge through the intervening whole numerical skills at fifth grade. The study used empirical data that come from 536 students in nine schools across two Delaware public school districts. Students were followed longitudinally for four years, beginning in third grade and ending in sixth grade. All students in participating schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fractions, Number Concepts, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Cognitive Processes, Public...
This work summarizes the results of two randomized control trails (RCTs) aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of a professional development program for lower secondary school math teachers. The program, called M@t.abel, was financed by the Ministry of Education in Southern Italy with EU funds. It lasts a full school year and it is based on formal and on-line tutoring, providing alternative methods for teaching traditional math contents. The program and its evaluation were both held at scale, a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness, Faculty Development, Secondary...
Given the necessity to bridge the gap between what happened and what is likely to happen, this paper aims to explore how to apply Bayesian inference to cost-effectiveness analysis so as to capture the uncertainty of a ratio-type efficiency measure. The first part of the paper summarizes the characteristics of the evaluation data that are commonly available in educational research, discusses the ratio property and proposes different estimators of interest. The second section synthesizes two...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Resource Allocation, Cost Effectiveness, Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Analysis,...