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This study intends to represent attitudes toward English and English learning at an Iranian military university. Iranian military staff is required to study English in a social environment where there is little immediate need or opportunity to use the language for real communicative purposes.The subjects included 34 Iranian military personnel who took part in 4 different English classes at Iranian Military University's Foreign Language Center. The present study employed a questionnaire based on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Negative Attitudes, Military Personnel, Questionnaires, Social Environment, English...
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between religiosity and undergraduate student retention at Idaho State University (ISU). With only 50% of college students consistently persisting to graduation, attrition is a problem that plagues colleges and universities. Research shows that students who are more integrated in education (both in and out of class) are more likely to remain enrolled. For this study, religious involvement was examined as an avenue of educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Religion, Mail Surveys, Factor Analysis, Student...
Studying coursebooks and instructional materials in terms of their cultural, social and value-based qualities has been a significant aspect of research in language education since what is inherent in coursebooks directly affects users' perspective. In this research study, contents of English language coursebooks used in Turkish senior primary schools are studied by focusing on how sports and recreational activities are portrayed in relation to some variables such as identities of the persons...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Recreational Activities, English (Second Language), Second Language...
The question, as individuals slowly dig out from under the wreckage left by the Great Recession, is unavoidable: "Is college worth it?" The authors' answer: "Yes, extensive research, ours included, finds that a college degree is still worth it." A Bachelor's degree is one of the best weapons a job seeker can wield in the fight for employment and earnings. And staying on campus to earn a graduate degree provides safe shelter from the immediate economic storm, and will pay off...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Job Applicants, Majors (Students), Unemployment, High School Graduates, Dropouts,...
Like bullying in general, bullying of students with disabilities represents both a civil rights and public health challenge. Amongst the possible effects of bullying the U.S. Department of Education (DOE, 2010) includes lowered academic achievement and aspirations, increased anxiety, loss of self-esteem and confidence, depression and post-traumatic stress, deterioration in physical health, self-harm and suicidal thinking, suicide, feelings of alienation, absenteeism and other negative impacts,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Rights, Bullying, Prevention, Physical Health, Disabilities, Depression...
The current study aimed at showing whether native, ESL and EFL book review authors differed in terms of types of rhetorical moves the employ in the reviews they write. 60 book reviews (N = 60) from applied linguistics journals were randomly selected from a pool of 87 book reviews published in "Asian EFL Journal," "ESP," "System," and "TESOL Quarterly" between 2004 and 2010. The reviews were converted into *txt files and submitted to the AntMover software...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Book Reviews, Rhetoric, English (Second Language), Native Speakers, English, Authors,...
Council for American Private Education (CAPE) is a coalition of national associations serving private schools K-12. "Outlook" is published monthly by CAPE. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Repeal of Blaine Amendment on Florida Ballot in November; (2) Top Private Education Events of 2011; (3) New Guidance Issued on ESEA Flexibility; (4) Congress Approves Spending Bill; and (5) CAPE Notes.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Private Education, State Legislation, Constitutional Law, Religious Discrimination,...
While past annual "Profiles" reports have focused on either for-profit EMOs (education management organizations) or nonprofit EMOs, this is the first annual "Profiles" report to cover both categories in a single report which allows for easier comparisons. The 2010-2011 school year marked another year of relatively slow growth in the for-profit education management industry and another year of steady growth in the nonprofit EMO industry. The authors believe their key finding...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Privatization, Profiles, Educational Administration, Educational Indicators,...
The goal of this paper, "National Sexuality Education Standards: Core Content and Skills, K-12," is to provide clear, consistent and straightforward guidance on the "essential minimum, core content" for sexuality education that is developmentally and age-appropriate for students in grades K-12. The development of these standards is a result of an ongoing initiative, the Future of Sex Education (FoSE). Forty individuals from the fields of health education, sexuality...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sex Education, National Standards, Academic Standards, Elementary Secondary...
Student diversity is a major topic in education today. Diversity will not be going away any time soon. Even over thirty years ago, educators were beginning to discuss the subject of diversity and multiculturalism. In fact, during the 1970s and 1980s, the word, "diversity" was seldom used at all. The term "multiculturalism" was at the forefront of the scene. Although the world was diverse during those earlier decades, many educators did not seem to recognize the importance of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Lesson Plans, Prior Learning, Student Diversity, Cultural Pluralism, Immigrants,...
This study investigated student-athlete perceptions of wellbeing, delimited to satisfaction regarding Athletic Department Policies and Practices, Educational Characteristics, Institutional Facilities and Services, and intent to academically persist. The study employed quantitative and qualitative data queries. This paper reports emergent findings specific to the seven student-athletes (5 male and 2 female, 4 team-sports and 3 individual-sports) who participated in the follow-up interviews....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Academic Achievement, Athletes, Well Being, Persistence, Student...
An ever growing thirst for a framework that supports a flexible environment in which the schools and school districts are protected within a zone that recognizes school reform is everyone's business. Moreover, the teacher's role as a leader in her classroom and among her peers must become a part of the search for a culture of success. This article offers a reformist perspective to the school reform efforts where alternative models to address the expectations of Title I must be considered....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, School Districts, Educational Change, Academic Achievement, Models,...
A November 2011 Heritage Foundation report--"Assessing the Compensation of Public-School Teachers"--presented data on teacher salaries and benefits in order to inform debates about teacher compensation reform. The report concluded that public-school teacher compensation is far ahead of what comparable private-sector workers enjoy, and that recruiting more effective teachers will be more difficult than simply raising salaries. The debate over the report's findings has generated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Salaries, Compensation (Remuneration), Teacher Effectiveness, Retirement...
A central challenge in efficacy studies centers on the issue of "fidelity of implementation," that is, the extent to which participants use the curriculum specified by curriculum developers. In this study, we describe and discuss a "fidelity of implementation" model using multiple methods and instruments to compare two versions of a science curriculum and embedded assessment system. We present results from our validation study and discuss the challenges in determining the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fidelity, Curriculum Implementation, Science Curriculum, Teachers, Measurement,...
Building the research capacity of the vocational education and training (VET) sector is a key concern for the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER). To assist with this objective, NCVER supported an academic scholarship program, whereby VET practitioners are sponsored to undertake university study at honours, master's, or doctorate level. NCVER then published a snapshot of their research. The author received an academic scholarship in 2009 to assist with her doctoral studies...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment, Second Language Programs, Doctoral Degrees, Scholarships, Vocational...
Charter schools--public schools of choice that are operated autonomously, outside the direct control of local school districts--have become more prevalent over the past two decades. There is no consensus about whether, on average, charter schools are doing better or worse than conventional public schools at promoting the achievement of their students. Nonetheless, one research finding is clear: Effects vary widely among different charter schools. Many educators, policymakers, and funders are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, School Administration, Nonprofit Organizations, Organizational...
The main objectives of the study: 1. To investigate the academic success rate of recent voluntary minorities from Liberia living in Houston, and to examine the reasons why Voluntary Liberian Minorities are being successful or unsuccessful in school. Liberia, which means "land of the free," was founded by freed slaves from the United States in 1820. These freed slaves, called Americo-Liberians, first arrived in Liberia and established a settlement in Christopolis, now Monrovia (named...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Immigrants, Refugees, War, Minority Groups, Academic Achievement, Educational...
Literature has long been used as a source for reading materials in English as a first language (L1). In recent years, there has been a growing interest in utilizing literature in second language (L2) classrooms. The present article assumes that using literature in L2 reading can have the same effect as in L1. Integrating literature into L2 learning can create a learning environment that will provide comprehensible input and a low affective filter. Literary texts may be used in both extensive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature, Reading Materials, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language),...
A central component in the dialogue on how to accomplish national college completion goals is the role of minority-serving institutions (MSIs). MSIs include Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs), Tribal College and Universities (TCUs), and most recently Asian American Native American Pacific Islander-Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs). Their motivation is rooted in a history of desire to serve low-income, first-generation, and under-represented...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduation Rate, Minority Groups, College Role, Partnerships in Education, Models,...
Today, the U.S. Department of Education joins the National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement, the American Commonwealth Partnership, and the Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools in a new national call to action to infuse and enhance civic learning and democratic engagement for all students throughout the American education system. The Department is broadly supportive of the five priorities for action that these groups have developed. In abbreviated form, those...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Problems, Democracy, Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, College...
This policy brief revisits the long and storied literature on whether money matters in providing a quality education. Increasingly, political rhetoric adheres to the unfounded certainty that money doesn't make a difference in education, and that reduced funding is unlikely to harm educational quality. Such proclamations have even been used to justify large cuts to education budgets over the past few years. These positions, however, have little basis in the empirical research on the relationship...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Policy, Policy...
"Why Rural Matters 2011-12" is the sixth in a series of biennial reports analyzing the contexts and conditions of rural education in each of the 50 states and calling attention to the need for policymakers to address rural education issues in their respective states. While it is the sixth in a series, this report is not simply an updating of data from earlier editions. On the contrary, from one report to the next, the authors have deliberately altered the statistical indicators and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rural Schools, Rural Education, Educational Policy, Annual Reports, Educational...
"Gateways to the Principalship: State Power to Improve the Quality of School Leaders" proposes state policies for improving principal effectiveness and student achievement. It uses policy examples from eight "lagging" and eight "leading" states as a means of advocating for a wide range of policy actions aimed at influencing principal preparation, licensure and retention. The report, however, has several flaws that undermine its usefulness. It provides little...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Principals, Administrative Principles, Administrator...
It is often said that youth are society's future; individuals need to prepare and nurture them if they desire that future to be bright and productive. Yet, with the spotlight currently on slow economic growth and high unemployment across the U.S., there has been little focus on the plight of youth as they transition from school to adult life. But in the summer of 2011, the unemployment rate of 16-24 year olds was more than 18% or twice the overall unemployment rate; and for young African...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Young Adults, Adolescents, Unemployment, Educational Attainment, Income, Taxes,...
Charter schools are public schools. Historically, however, the relationship between school districts and charters has been nonexistent at best, antagonistic at worst. As the charter sector continues to grow steadily, an analysis of the national landscape explores how that relationship needs to start changing--and where it already has. This year's 6th annual edition of "Hopes, Fears, & Reality" provides a clear roadmap for school districts and charter schools interested in working...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, School Districts, Special Needs Students, Change Strategies,...
Encouraging older workers to stay in the workforce has become a policy priority, not least because the life expectancy of Australians has increased dramatically over the past several decades, effectively inserting a new stage in life, often called the "third age." This report explores the possibility of using that third age to embark on an "encore" career. The author describes the encore career concept and why it might be an attractive alternative to retirement or to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Older Workers, Careers, Adult Vocational Education, Public Policy, Barriers,...
Science and Engineering Indicators (SEI) is first and foremost a volume of record comprising the major high-quality quantitative data on the U.S. and international science and engineering enterprise. SEI is factual and policy neutral. It does not offer policy options, and it does not make policy recommendations. SEI employs a variety of presentation styles--tables, figures, narrative text, bulleted text, Web-based links, highlights, introductions, conclusions, reference lists--to make the data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Engineering Education, Research and Development, Engineering, Tables (Data), Science...
This document contains a list of appendix tables for the "Science and Engineering Indicators 2012" report. The tables are presented according to these chapters: (1) Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education; (2) Higher Education in Science and Engineering; (3) Science and Engineering Labor Force; (4) Research and Development: National Trends and International Comparisons; (5) Academic Research and Development; (6) Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace; (7)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Engineering Education, Research and Development, Engineering, Tables (Data), Science...
The United States holds a preeminent position in science and engineering (S&E) in the world, derived in large part from its long history of public and private investment in S&E research and development (R&D) and education. Investment in R&D, science, technology, and education correlate strongly with economic growth, as well the development of a safe, healthy, and well-educated society. Many other nations, recognizing the economic and social benefits of such investment, have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Progress, Engineering Education, Research and Development, Engineering,...
This guidebook for teachers documents the "Harry Potter in Translation" project undertaken at the Language Research Centre at the University of Calgary. The guide also offers 5 sample lesson plans for teachers of grades three to twelve for teaching world languages using the Harry Potter books in translation to engage students. (Contains a bibliography and list of resources.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Books, Translation, Lesson Plans, Second Language Instruction,...
This study was undertaken to replicate prior findings in which a test-anxiety control training produced substantial test gains among students on academic probation. Twelve first semester students with marginal achievement were identified, screened for test anxiety, and found to have substantially higher anxiety than other students. Ten of the twelve students were highly anxious and comprise the study sample. Six were assigned to a treatment group and the remaining four served as controls. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Probation, School Holding Power, Test Anxiety, Academic Persistence,...
Over the past two decades, community organizing has emerged as an effective force for school improvement. In the context of shrinking education funding, stubborn opportunity and achievement gaps between low-income and wealthy children and between children of color and White children, and polarizing debate on school reform, community organizing offers a methodology for parents and community members to effect meaningful change for the students who've been mostly poorly served by school systems....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, School Restructuring, Educational Change, Community Organizations,...
Public education matters, whether you're a student, parent, teacher, administrator, employer, or taxpayer. Although you undoubtedly know something about public education, you may be unaware of important facts about the U.S. educational system or may be surprised to learn how things have changed in recent years. This edition of "A Public Education Primer" updates and expands on the version originally published by the Center on Education Policy in 2006 (ED528711). Like the first...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Education, School Location, Student Mobility, School Choice, Home Schooling,...
Ensuring that all students in America's public schools are taught by good teachers is an educational and moral imperative. Teacher incentive proposals are rarely grounded on what high-quality research indicates are the kinds of teacher incentives that lead to school excellence and equity. Few of the current approaches to creating teacher incentives take into account how specific conditions influence whether or not effective teachers will work in high-need schools and will be able to teach...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Incentives, Teacher Effectiveness, Public School Teachers, Teaching Conditions,...
Pursuant to the recommendations and findings in Dr. Barnett Berry's policy brief, the proposed set of legislative enactments presented in this paper offers both monetary incentives and positive working conditions requirements likely to further three goals: (a) cause more effective teachers to choose to work in high-need schools and fields, (b) allow teachers already working in such contexts to develop and flourish professionally, and (c) decrease the attrition rate of such teachers from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Policy Formation, Teacher Effectiveness, Federal Legislation, Incentives, Policy...
Students' school education consists of not only what they are explicitly taught in the classroom, but also what they implicitly learn through the language, attitudes and actions of other students and teachers. When these attitudes, remarks and actions are unsupportive or hostile, they create a school climate that can negatively impact students' feelings of safety and their interest in school and learning. Understanding school climate is an important first step in ensuring that all students feel...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bullying, Playgrounds, Homosexuality, Educational Environment, Elementary School...
"Ready, Set, Respect!" provides a set of tools to help elementary school educators ensure that all students feel safe and respected and develop respectful attitudes and behaviors. It is not a program to be followed but instead is designed to help educators prepare themselves for teaching about and modeling respect. The toolkit responds to elementary educators' suggestion that they rarely teach about the kinds of topics (name-calling and bias, gender roles, and family diversity)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cues, Dramatic Play, Playgrounds, Young Children, Homosexuality, Elementary Schools,...
On its 10-year anniversary, there is consensus that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is broken. The debate over how to reform NCLB has generated a number of proposals from both houses of Congress and the Obama Administration, but ideas about how to rewrite the law differ greatly. In early 2012, the House Education and the Workforce Committee introduced a draft of the Student Success Act as part of a piecemeal strategy to rewrite No Child Left Behind. As the decade-old law's harshest sanctions...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Legislation, Accountability, School Policy, Success, Federal Regulation,...
This report from the National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement calls on the nation to reclaim higher education's civic mission. Commissioned by the Department of Education and released at a White House convening in January 2012, the report pushes back against a prevailing national dialogue that limits the mission of higher education to workforce preparation and training while marginalizing disciplines basic to democracy. "A Crucible Moment" calls on educators and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Democracy, Global Approach, Citizenship Education, Role of...
This report details how charter schools are increasingly run by private, nonprofit management organizations called charter school management organizations (CMOs). The researchers find that most CMOs serve urban students from low-income families, operate small schools that offer more instructional time, and attract teachers loyal to each school's mission, based on survey data and site visits. The authors conducted an impact analysis focused only on middle school grades, finding that a small...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, Charter Schools, Middle Schools, Low Income, Educational Change, Low...
In partnership with the Urban League of Greater Miami, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) released "Teacher Quality Roadmap: Improving Policies and Practices in Miami," an in-depth study of the work rules Miami-Dade teachers. This look at the state of teacher policies in Miami-Dade County Public Schools explores the district's contract with its teachers, as well as district practices and state laws that shape the work rules for teachers. Additionally, NCTQ analyzed human...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Expertise, Feedback (Response), Public Schools, Teacher Effectiveness, Focus Groups,...
School choice is a common sense idea that gives all parents the power and freedom to choose their child's education, while encouraging healthy competition among schools and other institutions to better serve students' needs and priorities. It is a public policy that allows a parent/guardian or student to choose a district, charter, or private school, regardless of residence and location. This publication is the authoritative handbook on school choice programs in the United States. It is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Private Schools, School Choice, Public Policy, Guides, Public Schools, Charter...
This publication is an ECS (Education Commission of the States) "read of the field," built on its scrutiny of new reports and research, and its analysis of emerging drivers of change. This publication is intended to stimulate thinking around how best to craft the "2.0" of powerful policy across the states. The 12 policy areas highlighted in this report share certain common themes: (1) P-20 in nature: Holding implications for the way individuals do business across the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blended Learning, State Action, State Standards, Individualized Instruction,...
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education programs help to enhance the nation's global competitiveness. Many federal agencies have been involved in administering these programs. Concerns have been raised about the overall effectiveness and efficiency of STEM education programs. GAO examined (1) the number of federal agencies and programs that provided funding for STEM education programs in fiscal year 2010; (2) the extent to which STEM education programs have similar...
Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Strategic Planning, Systems Approach, Science Education, Technology...
The "Idaho K-12 & School Choice Survey" project, commissioned by The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice and conducted by Braun Research Incorporated (BRI), measures Idaho registered voters' familiarity and views on a range of K-12 education issues and school choice reforms. We report response "levels" and "differences" (we use the term "net score" or "net") of voter opinion, and the "intensity" of responses. Where do the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Opinions, School Choice, Familiarity, Charts,...
The purpose of this report is to examine the history of an international partnership for civic education begun in 1994, and concluded in 2011 that links Center for Civic Education partners in the United States (Florida Law-Related Education Association), Hungary (Civitas Hungary), and Romania (Intercultural Institute of Romania). This study serves as an analysis from the leadership perspective of fifteen years of collaboration among diverse stakeholders committed to the development of effective...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizenship Education, Partnerships in Education, Global Approach,...
Participatory digital media--broadly defined as media such as the Internet, social network sites and cell phones that allow users to interact--are ubiquitous among today's youth. Among teens ages 12-17, 95% have access to the Internet; 70% go online daily; 80% use social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter; and 77% have cell phones. Many schools, however, have been reluctant to allow students to use digital participatory media for learning during the school day. Because digital media...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Educational Change, Social Networks, Internet, Citizen...
During the past decade, New York City undertook a district-wide high school reform that is perhaps unprecedented in its scope, scale, and pace. Between fall 2002 and fall 2008, the school district closed 23 large failing high schools (with graduation rates below 45 percent), opened 216 new small high schools (with different missions, structures, and student selection criteria), and implemented a centralized high school admissions process that assigns over 90 percent of the roughly 80,000...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, School Restructuring, Graduation Rate, Disadvantaged, Academic...
The sectoral divide between vocational education and training (VET) and higher education in Australia is blurring as a consequence of broader social and economic pressures for a more highly skilled population, but also as a consequence of government policies designed to develop tertiary education markets and to diversify institutional types. The mixed-sector institutions that are emerging are additional to Australia's five dual-sector universities, with their large higher education and TAFE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Diversity (Institutional), Foreign Countries, Profiles, Vocational...
This research overview provides the key messages arising from two related projects investigating tertiary education institutions that have recently begun to offer tertiary programs outside the sector of their initial establishment and the sector of the majority of their enrolments. These are TAFE institutes offering higher education programs, universities offering vocational education programs, and private providers offering both. Both projects sought to understand the nature and focus of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Vocational Education, College Programs, Interviews, Institutional...
Information and communication technologies revolutionise not only the speed at which information can be transmitted, but also how information is conveyed and received. Technological innovations have a profound effect on the types of skills that are demanded in today's labour markets and the types of jobs that have the greatest potential for growth. Most of these jobs now require some familiarity with, if not mastery of, navigating through digital material where readers determine the structure...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Information Technology, Technological Advancement, Information...
The purpose of this study was to understand more about the activities and learning habits of Croatian College students through the lens of self-directed learning. This research took place in the National Library of Zagreb University over a two year period. Researchers would ask available students for their opinion on a questionnaire; approximately 75 interviews took place. The findings indicated that self-directed learning is supported by leisure activity, community of friends, and comfortable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Independent Study, Life Style, Study Habits, Student Experience,...
Learners make errors during the process of learning languages. This study examines errors in writing task of twenty Iranian lower intermediate male students aged between 13 and 15. A subject was given to the participants was a composition about the seasons of a year. All of the errors were identified and classified. Corder's classification (1967) and Keshaverz's classification (1997) of errors were assumed for analyzing it. The results of the study showed that most common errors were spelling,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Error Analysis (Language), English (Second Language), Writing (Composition),...
Teacher evaluation has emerged as a key strategy for improving student outcomes in public education. The rationale is compelling: teachers vary widely in their effectiveness, and evaluation systems need to identify and address this variation. Performance evaluations have historically been largely perfunctory: no meaningful feedback is provided, no improvement expectations are established, and no positive or negative consequences flow from high or low ratings. In the last two years, most states...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Public School Teachers, Goal Orientation, Faculty Development,...
"Means to an End" is a practical toolkit for structuring the design process, elevating important issues, and identifying tensions and trade-offs that need to be resolved. The guide was conceived at a 2011 Aspen Institute workshop that brought together leading educators, researchers, and policymakers to share strategies for designing and implementing new teacher evaluations. This paper presents the templates and worksheets included in the "Means to an End" guide. (Contains 16...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Worksheets, Public School Teachers, Goal Orientation, Faculty...
Over the past fifty years, U.S. school reform has been dominated by three major movements, aimed at promoting equity, increasing school choice, and using academic standards to leverage improvement. These reforms are equity-based reform, school choice, and standards-based reform. While all three have changed schooling in notable ways, none has brought about the needed level of general improvements because they mostly sought to improve education from the outside rather than the inside. To make...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Education, Educational Quality, Educational History, Educational Change,...
During hearings in the late 1980s on education legislation, the frustrated chairman of the Education and Labor Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, Rep. Gus Hawkins (D-CA), would sometimes lean over to his chief counsel and ask: "Why can't these people agree on the facts? If they did that, we could solve these problems quickly." That question planted an idea in the counsel, John (Jack) Jennings, which took him into a second long career as founder and CEO of a unique...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Policy, Role of Education, Information Centers, Organizations (Groups),...
As of January 2012, 45 states and the District of Columbia have adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in English language arts and mathematics developed through the leadership of the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers. Released in June 2010, these voluntary standards outline the knowledge and skills in English language arts and math that students in grades kindergarten through 12 are expected to learn to be prepared for college and careers....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, State Standards, English, Language Arts, Elementary Secondary...
The research project will be conducted with a target focus group of six students who have been identified as struggling students in 3rd grade mathematics. The research project will study the effect of using different teaching strategies and methods to increase motivation and focus among these students. The research project will be conducted at Greenfield Elementary School beginning in September 2011 and data collection will continue through the end of November 2011. The data tools consisted of:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Focus Groups, Student Surveys, Motivation, Student Journals, Grade 3, Teaching...
"Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies" (PALS) is a peer-tutoring instructional program that supplements the primary reading curriculum. Pairs of students work together on reading activities intended to improve reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Students in the pairs--who alternately take on the roles of tutor and tutee--read aloud, listen to their partner read, and provide feedback during various structured activities. This report focuses on "Peer-Assisted Learning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Peer Teaching, Tutoring, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Educational Research,...
"Odyssey Reading," published by CompassLearning[R], is a web-based K-12 reading/language arts program designed to allow for instructional differentiation and data-driven decision making. The online program includes electronic curricula and materials for individual or small-group work, assessments aligned with state curriculum standards, and a data management system that allows teachers to develop individualized instruction and assessment tools to track individual student and classroom...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Evidence, Intervention, Phonics, Program Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary...
"Transforming the High School Experience: How New York City's New Small Schools Are Boosting Student Achievement and Graduation Rates" examined whether winning an admissions lottery for a small school of choice improved high school students' progress toward graduation and graduation rates. The study analyzed data on more than 21,000 students in New York City who participated in a ninth-grade admissions lottery for a small school of choice. Eighth-grade students who participated in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Control Groups, Small Schools, High Schools, Graduation Rate, Graduation, Academic...
Is it time for Ohio to take bolder steps toward turning around its most troubled schools and districts? If so, what might the alternatives look like? Options for rebooting these troubled schools have come in the form of mayoral control, state takeovers, market competition through charter schools and other choice programs, as well as millions of federal dollars spent on "school turnaround", yet it seems that it might be time to try something new in Ohio. In looking for alternatives to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, Academic Achievement, School Districts, Change Strategies,...
The latest installment of the Fordham Institute's "Creating Sound Policy for Digital Learning" series investigates one of the more controversial aspects of digital learning: How much does it cost? In this paper, the Parthenon Group uses interviews with more than fifty vendors and online-schooling experts to estimate today's average per-pupil cost for a variety of schooling models, traditional and online, and presents a nuanced analysis of the important variance in cost between...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Expertise, Electronic Learning, Costs, Online Courses, Web Based Instruction, Virtual...
Based on interviews with state officials in the six Southeast Region states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina), this study describes state processes for adopting the Common Core State Standards (a common set of expectations across states for what students are expected to know in English language arts and math) and plans for implementing the common standards and aligning state assessment systems to them. This study used interviews with state education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Standards, Academic Standards, Elementary Secondary Education, Alignment...
Based on interviews with state officials in the six Southeast Region states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina), this study describes state processes for adopting the Common Core State Standards (a common set of expectations across states for what students are expected to know in English language arts and math) and plans for implementing the common standards and aligning state assessment systems to them. This study used interviews with state education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Standards, Academic Standards, Elementary Secondary Education, Alignment...
This study describes the proficiency levels of limited English proficient (LEP) students and LEP student subgroups on the Idaho English Language Assessment (IELA). The report addresses two research questions: (1) What is the distribution of LEP students across proficiency levels on the total IELA scale and its five domains?; and (2) How does the distribution of proficiency levels differ across LEP student subgroups? Key findings include the following: (1) Most LEP students had an intermediate,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Limited English Speaking, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency,...
This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those evaluations conducted by others, have made it clear that too many state science standards are mediocre to poor. In particular, there are four areas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, National Competency Tests, Science Education,...
This study describes the proficiency levels of limited English proficient (LEP) students and LEP student subgroups on the Idaho English Language Assessment (IELA). The report addresses two research questions: (1) What is the distribution of LEP students across proficiency levels on the total IELA scale and its five domains?; and (2) How does the distribution of proficiency levels differ across LEP student subgroups? Key findings include the following: (1) Most LEP students had an intermediate,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Limited English Speaking, Language Proficiency, Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary...
Many students graduate from high school unprepared for the rigorous reading required in entry-level college and career work. This brief builds on a recent report (Wilkins et al. 2010) that used the Lexile measure (a method for measuring the reading difficulty of prose text and the reading capability of individuals) to estimate the proportion of Texas grade 11 public school students in 2009 ready for entry-level college reading in English. The previous study examined the overall grade 11 Texas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, Grade 11, Public Education, College English, Reading Readiness,...
This study was mandated by SB537 (Simitian, Chapter 650, Stats. of 2007, codified at Ed. Code Section 47613), which requires the California Research Bureau (CRB) to prepare and submit to the Legislature a report on the key elements and actual costs of charter school oversight. Charter schools are public schools that are operated by entities other than the traditional school district. They are publicly funded, mandated to accept any student who applies, and cannot discriminate based on race,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Funding Formulas, Charter Schools, Program Effectiveness, School Districts,...
The reading and mathematics measures of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) have been, and continue to be, reported on scales that appear to have the properties of "cross-grade" scales: Reported scores are higher for 8th-grade students than for 4th-grade students, and higher for 12th-grade students than for 8th-grade students. Historically, these scales were developed in ways that were intended to support cross-grade interpretation; however, the degree of support...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Instructional Program Divisions, National Competency Tests,...
This report compares the pay, pension costs and retiree health benefits of teachers with those of similarly qualified private-sector workers. The study concludes that teachers receive total compensation 52% greater than fair market levels, which translates into a $120 billion annual "overcharge" to taxpayers. Built on a series of faulty analyses, this study misrepresents total teacher compensation in fundamental ways. First, teachers' 12% lower pay is dismissed as being appropriate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reports, Compensation (Remuneration), Public School Teachers, Teacher Salaries,...
The Legislature mandated the California Research Bureau (CRB) explore known best practices for charter school authorizers and survey California authorizers about their practices and costs. Additionally, the Legislature mandated CRB provide an analysis of current reimbursement for charter school oversight and include suggestions for improving oversight in California (SB537 (Simitian), Ch. 650, Stats. of 2007). This "Briefly Stated" summarizes CRB's findings. Key findings include: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, Educational Administration, Costs, State Legislation, Best...
Despite significant increases in spending on child care and education during the last decade, PISA scores suggest that educational performance remains static, uneven and strongly related to parents' income and background. Better educational performance could improve labour market outcomes, raise growth, lower the consequences of a disadvantaged background and increase social mobility. Given the austere fiscal outlook, improvements have to come from higher efficiency rather than further...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Human Capital, Low Income, Educational Objectives, Disadvantaged Youth, Outcomes of...