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A primary goal of the U.S. Department of Education's Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Blueprint for Reform is to improve the college readiness of high school graduates (U.S. Department of Education 2010). College readiness is a complex benchmark and has been measured in several ways, including transcript analysis (Adelman 2006) and standardized test scores (ACT 2005). One such measure, and the focus of this Statistics in Brief, is remedial coursework enrollment. Consistent with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Freshmen, Remedial Instruction, Enrollment, College Readiness, Public...
"SpellRead"[TM], formerly known as "SpellRead Phonological Auditory Training"[R], is a small-group literacy program for struggling readers in grades 2-12. "SpellRead"[TM] integrates the auditory and visual aspects of the reading process and emphasizes specific skill mastery through systematic and explicit instruction. Students are taught to recognize and manipulate English sounds; to practice, apply, and transfer their skills using texts at their reading level; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Achievement, Evidence, Outcome Measures,...
"Tools for Getting Along" is a 26-lesson curriculum designed to help upper elementary school teachers establish a positive, cooperative classroom atmosphere. Lessons are intended to reduce disruptive and aggressive behavior by helping students develop anger management skills. Students use problem-solving steps to generate, implement, and evaluate solutions to problems. The curriculum incorporates direct instruction, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, and skill...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Evidence, Intervention, Aggression, Emotional Disturbances, Interpersonal Competence,...
This randomized controlled trial examined the impacts of "Same-Language-Subtitling" ("SLS"), a karaoke-style subtitling intervention, on the reading comprehension skills of secondary school students in Kaneohe, Hawaii. Researchers randomly assigned 198 secondary school students with learning disabilities (ages 14 to 19) to either special education classrooms using the "SLS" intervention or comparison classrooms (special or general education). The final study sample...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sensory Aids, Video Technology, Music, Educational Technology, Reading Instruction,...
"Projections of Education Statistics to 2021" is the 40th report in a series begun in 1964. It includes statistics on elementary and secondary schools and postsecondary degree-granting institutions. This report provides revisions of projections shown in "Projections of Education Statistics to 2020" and projections of enrollment, graduates, teachers, and expenditures to the year 2021. In addition to projections at the national level, the report includes projections of public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Enrollment Projections, Graduation Rate, Expenditures, Educational Finance,...
There is no fixed rule about how financial resources must be directed to the education sector. It is quite clear that the size of investment in the sector well defines the quality of education students are offered. It is highly important to define the amount of money, which is needed for effective functioning of schools and it is also important to define the system of actions, which will support the functional use of those financial resources. In relation to the above-mentioned, the aim of our...
Topics: ERIC Archive, General Education, Educational Finance, Public Schools, Funding Formulas, Change...
This paper investigates the effect of multiple cultures and languages on the bilingual utterances of Libyan children who live in the United States and who have acquired English after they arrived there at ages from 3 to 5. Data analysis is based on the Markedness Model (Myers-Scotton, 1993) in order to determine which language is the unmarked code and which language is the marked one. According to Myers-Scotton, the unmarked code is mostly the native language, which is also supposed to be the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Bilingualism, Language Dominance, Second Language...
The "Talent Development Middle Grades Program" is a comprehensive reform model that transforms the structure and curriculum of large urban middle schools with the aim of improving student achievement and raising teacher and student expectations. Key features of the "Talent Development Middle Grades Program" include small learning communities, an evidence-based curriculum tied to standards, the use of teacher teams, professional development and support for teachers, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Urban Schools,...
"enVisionMATH," published by Pearson Education, Inc., is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 6. The program seeks to help students develop an understanding of math concepts through problem-based instruction, small-group interaction, and visual learning with a focus on reasoning and modeling. Differentiated instruction and ongoing assessment are used to meet the needs of students at all ability levels. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) identified one study of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, Core Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary...
Can four-day school weeks help districts save money? How do districts overcome the barriers of moving to a four-day week? What is the effect of a four-day week on students, staff and the community? This paper enumerates the benefits for students and teachers of four-day school weeks. Recommendations for implementation of a four-day week are also presented. (Contains 7 online resources.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, School Districts, School Schedules, Barriers, School Organization,...
After a period of decline, gang membership and gang activity are on the increase in the United States. Recent Department of Justice figures indicate that there are currently over 26,000 gangs involving over 800,000 members active in virtually every community in the nation. No longer territorial, gang activity extends from the most impoverished and blighted communities to the most affluent suburbs and isolated rural areas. Beyond engagement in illegal activity, and the economic rewards that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Resource Units, Public Agencies, Principals, Juvenile Justice, Law Enforcement,...
This report presents the number of high school completers, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and the dropout data for grades 9-12 for public schools in school year 2009-10. State Education Agencies (SEAs) report annual counts of completers, dropouts, and enrollments to the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) nonfiscal survey of public elementary/secondary education as part of the Cooperative Education Statistics System established in section...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, Dropouts, High School Graduates, Graduation Rate, Enrollment, Dropout...
The number of certificates conferred by U.S. postsecondary institutions increased 64 percent in the last decade, from 572,000 in 2000-2001 to 936,000 in 2009-2010, surpassing the 850,000 associate's degrees conferred in 2009-2010. Certificates are overwhelmingly conferred in vocational fields and are intended to prepare students for the growing number of jobs requiring education at the subbaccalaureate level. National statistics on certificate requirements are reported in three broad categories...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Certificates, Graduates, Time to Degree, Degree Requirements, Credits,...
Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012 presents information on the West's progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities. To establish a general context for the benchmarks, it is useful to understand that three demographic characteristics of the West are central to issues of Access, Success, and Finance. First, median...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Population Growth, Family Income, High School Graduates, Tuition,...
"Carnegie Learning Curricula and Cognitive Tutor"®, published by Carnegie Learning, is a secondary math curricula that offers textbooks and interactive software to provide individualized, self-paced instruction based on student needs. The program includes pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, as well as a three-course series that integrates numeric, algebraic, geometric, and statistical content. The developer indicates that the program is aligned with most state standards...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Achievement, State Standards, Algebra, Geometry, Secondary School...
"Great Explorations in Math and Science"[R] ("GEMS"[R]) "The Real Reasons for Seasons" is a curriculum unit for grades 6-8 that focuses on the connections between the Sun and the Earth to teach students the scientific concepts behind the seasons. The unit utilizes models, hands-on investigations, peer-to-peer discussions, reflection, and informational student readings to help students understand science content and develop scientific investigation skills. The What...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Science Achievement, Evidence,...
"Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies" is a peer-tutoring program for grades K-6 that aims to improve student proficiency in math and other disciplines. This report focuses on "Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies" for math. The math program supplements students' existing math curriculum and is based on peer-mediated instruction, a process whereby students work in pairs or small groups to tutor each other. During tutoring sessions, students work together on worksheets that target...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Students, Peer Teaching, Elementary School Mathematics, Learning...
This study was undertaken to replicate prior research in which a brief counter-conditioning and confidence training program was found to reduce anxiety and raise test scores. First-semester college students were screened with the Westside Test Anxiety Scale, and the 25 identified as having high or moderately-high anxiety were randomly divided into Intervention and Control groups. The Intervention students reviewed the procedure twice, while the controls received an information packet on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grades (Scholastic), School Holding Power, Intervention, Measures (Individuals),...
This report explores the changing world of library services by exploring the activities at libraries that are already in transition and the kinds of services citizens would like to see if they could redesign libraries themselves. It is part of a larger research effort by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that is exploring the role libraries play in people's lives and in their communities. The research is underwritten by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Libraries, Library Services, Focus Groups, Librarians, Libraries, Surveys,...
The paper Languages in Contemporary Anglophone Caribbean Societies examines how language is treated in Jamaica and other Anglophone Caribbean societies and the effects of a haphazard approach to language planning on the social dynamics of the society as well as the individual. It briefly explores how Language is handled in Francophone or Spanish-speaking environments and suggests a systemic approach to language planning where the centrality of language to the social and physical aspects of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Language...
This study aimed at developing some writing skills for second year secondary stage students and their attitudes towards writing through using the genre based approach. Hence, the problem of the study was stated in the following statement: "The students at Al Azhar secondary schools are not good at writing. As a result their writing skills are weak. Consequently, they develop a negative attitude towards writing". They need to be trained in the skill of writing and there is a dire need...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing Instruction, Program Effectiveness, Performance Tests, Writing Skills,...
When one effectively employs the strategies of exploratory-learning, wait-time, intervention, guided reading, meaning, and phonological-morphological-syntactical awareness-for infants and on up-to 3rd grade students-all-in a Montessori-like-learning-literacy-setting replete with semantical interactions with phonology, syllabology, morphology, and then-eventually short phrases and then-syntax by age-three-then we know we have done our academic=social work (see Jaramillo, J.; Fromkin & Rodman...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Morphemes, Syntax, Phonology, Reading Comprehension, Phonemes, English (Second...
Both Pre-K and K-3rd grade exceptional or talented children/students not only want but need more of an "accommodative" ambiance where their senses are given novel multiple-intelligences data so that they can continue to intellectually grow with respect to Piaget, Erickson, and Vygotsky's developmental schemes. Thus, to do this requires us to answer their queries in depth and then provide them with techniques that engage their curiosity daily.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Talent, Multiple Intelligences, Young Children, Disabilities, Developmental...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of the District of Columbia's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. Despite the delays, the Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE) has made progress in implementation since Year 1. OSSE continues to leverage Race to the Top-specific task forces to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Delaware's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. Despite some implementation challenges and delays during the second year of the grant, Delaware has made significant strides toward accomplishing its Race to the Top goals. Delaware Department of Education's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Florida's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. In Year 2, the State made progress in executing contracts and implementing activities, and almost all projects were on track with the State's amended timelines. In Year 2, Florida implemented the Common Core...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Georgia's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. During Year 2, Georgia had a range of accomplishments across Race to the Top education reform areas. For example, Georgia completed two additional rounds of the Innovation Fund competitive grant program, awarding...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Hawaii's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. During Year 2, Hawaii worked to revise its Race to the Top plan to align with approved amendments and accelerate its forward trajectory in response to the Department placing the State's grant on high-risk status....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Maryland's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. Maryland's Year 2 accomplishments included implementing support and monitoring processes for local educational agencies (LEAs) for the purposes of Race to the Top implementation, developing CCSS-aligned model...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
The State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Massachusetts' Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. In Year 2, Massachusetts continued to implement strong systems to track progress of projects, assess risk, and provide support of project implementation as needed. The State fully implemented project...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of New York's second year of Race to the Top implementation. The report highlights successes and accomplishments, identifies challenges, and provides lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. New York completed its first year of transition to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), encouraging educators to implement at least one CCSS-aligned unit each semester. It field tested items...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of North Carolina's second year of Race to the Top implementation. The report highlights successes and accomplishments, identifies challenges, and provides lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. In Year 2, North Carolina continued the progress it made in Year 1 in all areas of its comprehensive reform plan and reached several implementation milestones. North Carolina made progress...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Ohio's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. During Year 2, Ohio built on its Year 1 successes. In its transition to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), the State created a high school and IHE committee to align college and career standards with colleges'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Rhode Island's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. In Year 2, Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) and local educational agencies (LEAs) created curricular resources to assist educators in transitioning to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS),...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Tennessee's second year of Race to the Top implementation. The report highlights successes and accomplishments, identifies challenges, and provides lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. During Year 2, the Tennessee Department of Education (TDOE) revamped its approach to project management to ensure meaningful project oversight and revised project work plans and goals that focus...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
Twenty-five years ago, American sociologist Robert Neelly Bellah (Bellah, et al., 1986: 303) critiqued the growing isolation of intellectuals within universities and called for a return to "social science as public philosophy." Little seems to have changed. My thirty-seven year experience at the University of Alberta suggests that academics see self-isolation as key to career success. Today's academic seems to work alone, engage in esoteric researching or theorizing, and publish...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Self Concept, Professional Isolation,...
This paper seeks to examine the role of the official and "de facto" languages of anglophone Caribbean islands such as Jamaica. In reflecting on their statuses as users of language, tertiary level students registered in a Year One Performing Arts Program provided much insights into the interplay of both languages that coexist in society and provide the referent point in the construction of Caribbean linguistic and cultural identities. The role of popular theoretical linguistic claims...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Creoles, Native Language, Official...
"Social skills training" is not a specific curriculum, but rather a collection of practices that use a behavioral approach for teaching preschool children age-appropriate social skills and competencies, including communication, problem solving, decision making, self-management, and peer relations. "Social skills training" can occur in both regular and special education classrooms. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) identified three studies of "social skills...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interpersonal Competence, Training, Preschool Education, Preschool Children,...
The study reviewed in this report examined the impact of a summer literacy program on kindergarten and first-grade students who were at moderate risk for reading difficulties in one Pacific Northwest school district. The study took place through a limited expansion of an existing summer program for high-risk students that was modified to include moderate-risk students. Study authors randomly assigned 49 kindergarten students (25 intervention, 24 comparison) and 51 first-grade students (26...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Intervention, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Elementary...
This Public Agenda report profiles nine high-poverty schools in Ohio that the authors believe have exhibited "sustained success." It first lists 11 commonly accepted attributes they assert are demonstrated across the profiled schools. The report then offers six general recommendations for other schools to achieve and sustain success, although the connection between the attributes and the recommendations is unclear. How these "key attributes" and subsequent recommendations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Equal Education, Poverty, Principals, Parents, Students,...
In this report the Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institution presents the results of a self-developed Education Choice and Competition Index (ECCI) along with an interactive application that grades large school districts according to the ECCI. The index is composed of 13 pro choice criteria. The authors present the ECCI as a new approach to education policy, but the ideas are not new. The report repeats many of the same arguments and logic found in other pro-market...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Evidence, Competition, School Choice, School District Size, Educational Policy,...
The Gates Foundation's Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project was a multi-year study of thousands of teachers in six school districts that concluded in January 2013. This review addresses two of the final MET research papers. One paper uses random assignment to test for bias in teachers' value-added scores. The experimental protocol was compromised, however, when many students did not remain with the teachers to whom researchers had assigned them; other students and teachers did not...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Longitudinal Studies, Student Placement,...
The intent of the following project is to highlight information about the stress response, resilience, and executive function development and to apply it to first-year postsecondary student populations in a workshop format. The first part of the project presents three comprehensive literature reviews of academic research available on these subjects. The second part offers a workshop guide broken down into four detailed lesson plans for potential facilitators to carry out four 50-minute...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Stress Variables, Stress Management, Psychoeducational Methods, College Freshmen,...
Increasing numbers of recent college graduates are ending up in relatively low-skilled jobs that, historically, have gone to those with lower levels of educational attainment. This study examines this phenomenon in some detail, concluding: (1) About 48 percent of employed U.S. college graduates are in jobs that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) suggests requires less than a four-year college education; (2) The proportion of overeducated workers in occupations appears to have grown...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Graduates, Underemployment, Employment Patterns, Labor Utilization, Unskilled...
Scientific discoveries repeatedly confirmed the importance of brain growth during the first 5 years of child life. To support early childhood development, California voters passed Proposition 10 in 1998 to collect a 50 cent per pack tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products. Kern County Children and Families Commission (First 5 Kern) was established by Proposition 10 to administer the Children and Families First Trust Fund in Kern County. Serving a county across a region as large as the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Young Children, Child Development, Brain, School Readiness, State Programs,...
Educational law is a critical piece of the education conundrum. Principals reference law books on a daily basis in order to address the wide range of complex problems in the school system. A principal's knowledge of law issues and legal decision-making are essential to provide effective feedback for a successful school.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Principals, Educational Legislation, Administrator Responsibility, Legal...
This paper seeks to discover the relationship between both the social constructivist learning theory and the collaborative learning environment. This relationship can be identified by giving an example of the learning environment. Due to wiki characteristics, Wiki technology is one of the most famous learning environments that can show the relationship between these two terms. However, evidence will be presented in this paper to support the idea of why the wiki may be the suitable method to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Asynchronous Communication, Synchronous Communication, Educational Environment,...
The Grade 5 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to address the specific reading challenges that grade 5 students encounter when reading their textbooks and other informational text. In fifth grade, students are expected not only to comprehend difficult passages, but also to extend their comprehension through drawing inferences and critically evaluating the materials they read. This booklet contains all the information teachers need to use the Grade 5 ITRI materials,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Content Area Reading, Textbooks, Reading...
The Grade 3 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to address the specific reading challenges that grade 3 students encounter as they move from reading largely narrative textbooks in grade 2 to being expected to read and comprehend more dense and content-driven text in grade 3. This booklet contains all of the information teachers need to use the Grade 3 ITRI materials, including assessments, lessons and graphic organizers, answer keys, student scoring sheets, and a survey of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Content Area Reading, Textbooks, Reading...
The First Grade Pre-Screening is designed to be used at the start of the first grade school year so that teachers can obtain information about their incoming students. This information is intended to give teachers insight about what math and reading skills a student may or may not have at the beginning of the year. The information can aid teachers in planning instruction that will meet the needs of each student. The First Grade Pre-Screening is designed to be given in a short amount of time and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Screening Tests, Alphabets, Computation,...
The First Grade Baseline Evaluation is an optional tool that can be used at the beginning of the school year to help teachers get to know the reading and language skills of each student. The evaluation is composed of seven screenings. Teachers may use the entire evaluation or choose to use those individual screenings that they find most beneficial for their students. The information can aid teachers in planning instruction that will meet the needs of each student. The First Grade Baseline...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Screening Tests, Alphabets, Phonemic Awareness,...
"Investigations in Number, Data, and Space"[R], published by Pearson Scott Foresman, is an activity-based K-5 mathematics curriculum designed to help students understand number and operations, geometry, data, measurement, and early algebra. Each instructional unit focuses on a particular content area and lasts from two to five-and-a-half weeks. The curriculum encourages students to develop their own strategies for solving problems and engage in discussion about their reasoning and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Elementary...
"LANGUAGE!"[R] is a language arts intervention designed for struggling learners in grades 3-12 who score below the 40th percentile on standardized literacy tests. The curriculum integrates English literacy acquisition skills into a six-step lesson format. During a daily lesson, students work on six key literacy strands (which the developer calls "six steps from sound to text"): phonemic awareness and phonics (word decoding), word recognition and spelling (word encoding),...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intervention, Literacy, Language Arts, English Curriculum, Reading Fluency, Reading...
Educators, parents, and the public depend on accurate, valid, reliable, and timely information about student academic performance. Testing irregularities--breaches of test security or improper administration of academic testing--undermine efforts to use those data to improve student achievement. Unfortunately, there have been high-profile and systemic incidents of cheating in several school districts across the country in recent years. While every state has policies in place to address test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Testing, Best Practices, Testing Problems, Integrity, Cheating, Prevention,...
About one-third of college students are required to take remedial courses to redress the lack of preparation for college-level coursework. Assignment to remediation is generally made on the basis of a placement test score, and in some states students are required to take a placement test prior to enrolling in college-level courses. In this type of setting, assignment to remediation may have the unintended effect of dissuading students from actually going to college. This is because remedial...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Placement, Remedial Instruction, Scores, College Attendance, Academic...
Computers are an important part of modern education, yet large segments of the population--especially low-income and minority children--lack access to a computer at home. Does this impede educational achievement? We test this hypothesis by conducting the largest-ever field experiment involving the random provision of free computers for home use to students. 1,123 schoolchildren grades 6-10 in 15 California schools participated in the experiment. Although the program significantly increased...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Credits, Evidence, Outcomes of Education, Minority Group...
In a new era of Common Core State Standards (CCSS), teachers are expected to provide more rigorous, coherent, and focused curriculum at every grade level. To respond to the call for higher expectations across the curriculum and certainly within reading, writing, and mathematics, educators should work closely together to create mathematically proficient students who actively look for relevance and purpose, think critically, and question when uncertain. Mathematics literacy experiences during the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Standards, Literacy, Mathematics Instruction, State Policy, Educational Policy,...
This report provides nationally representative data on the prevalence and characteristics of dual credit and exam-based courses in public high schools. For this survey, dual credit is defined as a course or program where high school students can earn both high school and postsecondary credits for the same courses; exam-based courses are Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) courses. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) previously collected data on dual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, High Schools, High School Students, Credits, Dual Enrollment,...
"Saxon Math", published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in grades K-12. This report includes studies that investigate the potential impact of "Saxon Math" for students in grades 6-8. A distinguishing feature of the curriculum is its use of an incremental approach for instruction and assessment. This approach limits the amount of new math content delivered to students each day and allows time for daily practice. New concepts are introduced...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Curriculum, Middle School Students, Junior High School Students, Grade 6,...
"Words Their Way"[TM] is an approach to phonics, vocabulary, and spelling instruction for students in kindergarten through high school. The program can be implemented as a core or supplemental curriculum and aims to provide a practical way to study words with students. The purpose of word study (which involves examining, manipulating, comparing, and categorizing words) is to reveal logic and consistencies within written language and to help students achieve mastery in recognizing,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beginning Reading, Phonics, Spelling Instruction, Vocabulary Development,...
The "Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol"[R] ("SIOP"[R]) is a framework for planning and delivering instruction in content areas such as science, history, and mathematics to English language learners as well as other students. The goal of "SIOP"[R] is to help teachers integrate academic language development into their lessons, allowing students to learn and practice English as it is used in the context of school, including the vocabulary used in textbooks...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Teaching Methods, Teaching Models, Intervention,...
The study reviewed in this paper examined whether the Chicago Public Schools' Teacher Advancement Program (Chicago TAP), which provides mentoring, leadership opportunities, and financial incentives to teachers, improved student academic achievement and teacher retention. The study used two designs to answer distinct research questions. Under the first design, a randomized controlled trial, the authors examined the academic achievement of more than 7,600 students in grades 4-8 from 34 public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public School Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Urban Schools, Academic...
The study reviewed in this paper examined the effect of the "Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition" ("M-SPAN)" intervention on the physical activity level of middle school students. For this 2-year study, 24 middle schools from six districts in southern California were stratified by school district and then randomly assigned to either "M-SPAN" or a comparison condition. To assess students' physical activity levels and the content (referred to as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Education, Nutrition Instruction, Intervention, Middle School Students,...
The Common Core State Standards Initiative, in its aim to align diverse state curricula and improve educational outcomes, calls for K-12 teachers in the United States to engage all students in mathematical problem solving along with reading and writing complex text through the use of rigorous academic content. Until recently, most teacher evaluation systems in this country did not measure or promote the ability of teachers to practice in these ways. This report discusses efforts to develop and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Standards, Outcomes of Education, Teaching Methods, Teacher Characteristics,...
How colleges determine who is recruited, who merits admission, who receives student aid and of what variety, which classes are offered and when, and what kind of assistance is provided to students all comprise a complex system and an emerging field known as enrollment management. Outside of the world of higher education administration, however, the term enrollment management has little meaning. But as the United States looks to increase the percentage its population entering and graduating from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Enrollment, Student Financial Aid, Organizational Objectives, Goal...
The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the final issue brief in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and digital learning. At the core of effective digital media and learning is the principle that instructional strategies should be personalized and flexible and that technology is a tool that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Strategies, Teaching Methods, Educational Change,...
Afterschool programs have been operating for decades in communities across the country, and federal investment in afterschool has increased dramatically since the mid-1990s. However, even more investment in the field of afterschool, which includes before-school, afterschool and summer learning programs, is needed to keep up with the growing demand. Parents and voters overwhelmingly support afterschool and want to see more afterschool opportunities for children and increased funding for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Safety, Accountability, Program Effectiveness, After School...
The statute [T.C.A. Section 49-7-202(c)(7)] requires the Tennessee Higher Education Commission to prepare a biennial report for the governor and the general assembly, "commenting upon major developments, trends, new policies, budgets and financial considerations which in the judgment of the commission will be useful to the governor and to the general assembly in planning for the sound and adequate development of the state's program of public higher education." The purpose of this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Student Participation, College Preparation,...
How successful was the class of 2012 at securing employment after graduation? What does a "typical day" of work look like for graduate business school alumni? What impact do job tasks and work environments have on job satisfaction? How do alumni assess the value of their graduate management degree? The findings in the 2013 Alumni Perspectives Survey report answer these questions and others that address current economic and regional trends affecting alumni of MBA and other business...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Business Administration Education, Alumni, Graduate Surveys,...
Business schools seek students who can evaluate, synthesize and extract the important information and sort out the noise from very large volumes of data. With the launch of the Integrated Reasoning section in June, the GMAT exam started measuring these skills, which are essential for learning in today's programs, are expected of those who intend to work in business, and are of critical importance to the businesses they may create or join in the future. In the first six months of Integrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Reliability, Test Validity,...
For the first time in many years, the Administration's proposed state budget does not project a deficit. Painful budget cutting in recent years combined with voters passing Proposition 30 in November to generate revenues finally have put California on more stable fiscal ground. However, it is critical to recognize that kids have borne a disproportionate share of the cuts over time, and these cuts go largely unrestored in the 2013-2014 state budget proposal. As a result, all Californians will...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Budgeting, Educational Improvement, Children, Budgets, Retrenchment, Health Services,...
California, Florida, Illinois, New York, and Texas enroll close to 40 percent of the nation's public school students. The importance of these "Mega-States" goes beyond the sheer size of their population. They now serve more than half of the nation's English language learners (ELL), as well as some of the largest concentrations of children from lower-income families. As policymakers and educators look at the nation's changing demographics and explore ways to close achievement gaps, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Outcomes of Education, Public Schools, Federal State Relationship, English Language...
Fifteen historical and contemporary curriculum designs were analyzed for elements of assessment that support student learning and inform instructional decisions. Educational researchers are purposely paying attention to the role assessment plays in a well-designed planning and teaching process. Assessment is a vital component to educational planning and teaching because it is a way to gather accurate evidence of student learning and information to inform instructional decisions. The purpose of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Design, Content Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Comparative Analysis,...
The present study aims at deriving correlational models of students' perceptions of assessment tasks, motivational orientations, and learning strategies using canonical analyses. Data were collected from 198 Omani tenth grade students. Results showed that high degrees of authenticity and transparency in assessment were associated with positive students' self-efficacy and task value. Also, high degrees of authenticity, transparency, and diversity in assessment were associated with a strong...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Grade 10, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning,...
The outstandingly able learner has been conceptualised, in terms of test and examination performance, as the learner showing superior academic performance which is markedly better than that of peers and in ways regarded as of value by wider society. In Kuwait, such superior examination performance leads to a classification regarded as being "gifted". This study looks at the inter-correlations between performance in various subjects in examinations and then considers how examination...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Gifted, Student Characteristics, Short Term Memory, Grade 7,...