Skip to main content

Additional Collections

Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.



rss RSS

More right-solid
More right-solid
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
The Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002) tracks the educational and developmental experiences of a nationally representative sample of high school sophomores in the United States. This First Look report provides a descriptive portrait of these 2002 tenth-graders a decade later, when most were about 26 years old and had been out of high school for 8 years. In so doing, this report draws heavily on information collected during the 2012 third follow-up data collection. By this time,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Longitudinal Studies, High School Students, Grade 10, Outcomes of Education, Followup...
Recent changes to state laws on accountability have prompted school districts to design teacher performance evaluation systems that incorporate student achievement (student growth) as a major component. As a consequence, some states and districts are considering teacher value- added models as part of teacher performance evaluations. Value-added models use statistical techniques to estimate teachers' (or schools') contributions to growth in student achievement over time. Designers of new...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Criterion Referenced Tests, Norm Referenced Tests, Teacher Effectiveness, Reading...
Recent changes to state laws on accountability have prompted school districts to design teacher performance evaluation systems that incorporate student achievement (student growth) as a major component. As a consequence, some states and districts are considering teacher value-added models as part of teacher performance evaluations. Value-added models use statistical techniques to estimate teachers' (or schools') contributions to growth in student achievement over time. Designers of new...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Norm Referenced Tests, Criterion Referenced Tests, Teacher Effectiveness, Reading...
Lack of researcher consensus on how to measure disadvantaged students' access to effective teaching has made it challenging for practitioners to draw lessons from the data. This brief aims to help policymakers understand the emerging evidence by synthesizing findings from three peer-reviewed studies that collectively span 17 states. The studies provide two lessons: (1) on average, disadvantaged students received less effective teaching than other students, equivalent to about four weeks of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged Youth, Instructional Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Achievement...
This document represents the technical appendix intended to accompany "Do Disadvantaged Students Get Less Effective Teaching? Key Findings from Recent Institute of Education Sciences Studies. NCEE Evaluation Brief. NCEE 2014-4010." Contents include: (1) Summary of Related, Non-Peer-Reviewed Studies; (2) Methods for Comparing Findings from the Sass et al. and
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged Youth, At Risk Students, Teacher Competencies, Poverty, Instructional...
Districts and schools use progress monitoring to assess student progress, to identify students who fail to respond to intervention, and to further adapt instruction to student needs. Researchers and practitioners often use progress monitoring data to estimate student achievement growth (slope) and evaluate changes in performance over time for individual students and groups of students. Monitoring student progress is central to accountability systems in general and is useful for measuring how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Comprehension, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students, Secondary...
Districts and schools use progress monitoring to assess student progress, to identify students who fail to respond to intervention, and to further adapt instruction to student needs. Researchers and practitioners often use progress monitoring data to estimate student achievement growth (slope) and evaluate changes in performance over time for individual students and groups of students. Monitoring student progress is central to accountability systems in general and is useful for measuring how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Response to Intervention, Achievement Gains, High Stakes Tests, Prediction,...
This study used a systematic process modeled after the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) study review process to answer the question: What does the causal research say are effective math professional development interventions for K-12 teachers aimed at improving student achievement? The study identified and screened 910 research studies in a comprehensive literature search for effectiveness studies of math professional development approaches. (See appendix A for details of the search, screening,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Professional Development,...
Developing positive school climates and improving school discipline policies and practices are critical steps to raising academic achievement and supporting student success. However, there is no single formula for doing so. Rather, the growing body of research and best practices in the field should inform locally developed approaches to improving school climate and discipline policies and practices. The U.S. Department of Education (ED) is issuing this resource guide to assist states, school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Environment, School Culture, Discipline, Prevention, Planning, Evidence,...
The study reviewed here examined the effect of charter schools on annual student achievement growth in reading and math in 25 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City. The study primarily used data on students in grades 3-8, but additional elementary and high school grades were included for several states. The authors reported that charter school students in the sample had annual reading score growth that was 0.01 standard deviations higher than that of students in traditional public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Achievement Gains, Reading...
"Spelling Mastery" is designed to explicitly teach spelling skills to students in grades 1 through 6. One of several Direct Instruction curricula from McGraw-Hill that precisely specify how to teach incremental content, "Spelling Mastery" includes phonemic, morphemic, and whole-word strategies. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) identified two studies of "Spelling Mastery" that both fall within the scope of the Students with Learning Disabilities topic area and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Spelling, Spelling Instruction, Elementary School Students, Direct Instruction,...
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA or the Recovery Act) of 2009 provided an unprecedented level of funding for K-12 education. The program created a "historic opportunity to save hundreds of thousands of jobs, support states and school districts, and advance reforms and improvements that will create long-lasting results for our students and our nation." Specifically, the Recovery Act allocated $70.6 billion in funding for K-12 education, of which $6.8 billion was awarded...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Legislation, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Educational Change,...
Today's children are our nation's hope for building a strong future economy and thriving society. One of the key milestones on the path to success is learning to read in the early grades. As documented in the Casey Foundation's reports "Early Warning: Why Reading by the End of Third Grade Matters" and "Early Warning Confirmed," the end of third grade marks the point when children transition from learning to read to using reading to learn other subjects. Children who read...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Skills, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Reading Achievement, Job Skills,...
Logic models can help educators plan and monitor program evaluations. This
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Evaluation, Models, Logical Thinking, Educational Resources, Activities,...
This study examined how using two different ways of displaying the solar system--a true-to-scale mode vs. an orrery mode--affected students' knowledge of astronomical concepts. Solar system displays were presented in a software application on a handheld tablet computer. In the true-to-scale mode, users navigated a simulated three-dimensional solar system environment using a tablet's pinch-to-zoom touchscreen interface; this provided an accurate representation of sizes and distances of planetary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Astronomy, Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Visual Aids, Handheld Devices,...
Children have a natural interest in math, and the "Teaching Math to Young Children" practice guide (ED544376) aims to help teachers capitalize on that interest to make children's preschool and school experience more engaging and beneficial. In this practice guide summary, readers will find: (1) An overview of the guide's five practical, evidence-based recommendations; (2) Examples of innovative tools and strategies teachers can use in their classrooms; and (3) A brief discussion of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Research, Teaching Methods, Guides,...
There is no evidence that physically restraining or putting children in unsupervised seclusion in the K-12 school system provides any educational or therapeutic benefit to a child. In fact, use of either seclusion or restraints in non-emergency situations poses significant physical and psychological danger to students. Yet the first round of data collected by the United States Department of Education in 2009-2010 demonstrated that these same practices that are prohibited in other settings were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discipline Policy, Discipline Problems, Punishment, Educational Research,...
This report presents tabulations for the 2012 Academic Libraries Survey (ALS) conducted by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), within the Institute of Education Sciences. The 2012 ALS population included postsecondary institutions with all of the following: total library expenditures that exceed $10,000; an organized collection of printed or other materials, or a combination thereof; a staff trained to provide and interpret such materials as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, National Surveys, Library Services, Library Materials, Library...
"Transfer Incentives for High-Performing Teachers: Final Results from a Multisite Experiment," examined the impact of the Talent Transfer Initiative (TTI) on both student achievement and teacher retention in 10 school districts across seven states. The initiative gave bonuses to high-performing teachers for them to transfer to and stay in low-performing schools. Transfer teachers could receive up to $20,000 over 2 academic years. The researchers matched schools in the same district...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Transfer, Incentives, Teacher Persistence, Academic...
This guide offers educators, program managers, administrators, and researchers a resource for building capacity for monitoring program outcomes. It provides concise definitions of program monitoring components and a framework for assessing program progress. Examples demonstrate the relationships among program components: outcomes, indicators, measures (including benchmarks and baselines), and targets. Policymakers and practitioners can use the framework to better monitor and evaluate programs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Capacity Building, Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education,...
Reading difficulties and disabilities present serious and potentially lifelong challenges. Children who do not read well are more likely to be retained a grade in school, drop out of high school, become a teen parent, or enter the juvenile justice system. Building on the extant research and seminal studies, including the National Reading Panel and the National Early Literacy Panel reports, research supported by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) has expanded understanding of ways to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Reading Skills, At Risk Students,...
This report provides descriptive national data on the prevalence and characteristics of services and support programs for military service members and veterans at postsecondary institutions in the United States. This survey provides the first nationally representative data on this topic. The data presented in this First Look were collected for the 12-month 2012-13 academic year (except where specified for fall of 2012) from postsecondary institutions on the services and programs offered to all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Military Personnel, Veterans, Veterans Education, Postsecondary Education, Higher...
"Projections of Education Statistics to 2022" is the 41st report in a series begun in 1964. It includes statistics on elementary and secondary schools and postsecondary degree-granting institutions. This report provides revisions of projections shown in "Projections of Education Statistics to 2021" and projections of enrollment, graduates, teachers, and expenditures to the year 2022. In addition to projections at the national level, the report includes projections of public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Trend...
The study examined the effects of "Process Assessment of the Learner" ("PAL"), a writing expression curriculum. The program was tested with second-grade students in a suburban-rural school district in the southeastern United States. Three sections of PAL lessons were implemented in the district as a small-group curriculum supplement--Talking Letters, Spelling, and Handwriting and Composition. Study authors randomly assigned two cohorts of at-risk students in seven schools to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intervention, At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Response to...
The study reviewed in this paper examined whether winning an admissions lottery to attend a small school of choice (SSC) in New York City improved high school graduation rates, influenced the type of diploma students received, or increased the likelihood of college readiness. An SSC is a small, nonselective public high school emphasizing academic rigor, strong relationships between students and teachers, and community partnerships. Researchers analyzed data on more than 12,130 students who...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, High School Students, Graduation Rate, College Readiness, Difficulty...
The purpose of this study was to examine Kentucky high school students' participation and pass rates in college preparatory transition courses, which are voluntary remedial courses in math and reading offered to grade 12 students in the state. Three groups of students were compared using the population of grade 12 students in Kentucky public schools in school year 2011/12 (n = 33,928): students meeting state benchmarks, students approaching state benchmarks (1 to 3 points below), and students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Transitional Programs, Academic Achievement, College Preparation, Benchmarking, High...
In response to growing concerns about college readiness, the Kentucky legislature revised the state's assessment and accountability system in an effort to increase the number of students who are ready for college when they graduate. The Kentucky Department of Education and the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education responded by redefining college and career readiness, articulating objectives and outcomes to measure progress, and establishing pathways to achieve those objectives. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Preparation, Benchmarking, College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Grade 12,...
This report provides nationally representative data on the condition of public school facilities. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) previously collected data on this topic in 1999 (Lewis et al. 2000). The study presented in this report collected information about the condition of public school facilities in the 2012-13 school year. Specifically, the survey covered the following: (1) Whether the school had permanent and portable (temporary) onsite buildings; (2) The condition...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Facilities, Educational Facilities Improvement, Educational Facilities...
Motivated by the need to improve teaching and learning and by federal priorities reflected in requirements for grant programs such as Race to the Top and the Teacher Incentive Fund, many states are developing teacher evaluation systems that include measures of individual teachers' contributions to their students' learning growth. One way to measure teacher impact is with student learning objectives (SLOs)--an alternative to the more generally used value-added modeling with standardized test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Evaluation Criteria, Behavioral Objectives, Teacher...
Motivated by the need to improve teaching and learning and by federal priorities reflected in requirements for grant programs such as Race to the Top and the Teacher Incentive Fund, many states are developing teacher evaluation systems that include measures of individual teachers' contributions to their students' learning growth. One way to measure teacher impact is with student learning objectives (SLOs)--an alternative to the more generally used value-added modeling with standardized test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Content Analysis, Evaluation Criteria, Web Sites, Behavioral...
In the United States exclusionary discipline (suspension and expulsion) is commonly used to remove disruptive students from the classroom or school. While any disciplinary action should be applied fairly and consistently to all groups, for more than 35 years the research literature has highlighted a discipline gap between racial/ethnic minority students and White students. Recently, the literature has identified a gap in the rates of exclusionary discipline between students in special education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disproportionate Representation, Discipline, Suspension, Expulsion, Minority Group...
In the United States exclusionary discipline (suspension and expulsion) is commonly used to remove disruptive students from the classroom or school. While any disciplinary action should be applied fairly and consistently to all groups, for more than 35 years the research literature has highlighted a discipline gap between racial/ethnic minority students and White students. Recently, the literature has identified a gap in the rates of exclusionary discipline between students in special education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disproportionate Representation, Discipline, Suspension, Expulsion, Minority Group...
This Statistics in Brief examines the employment outcomes of college graduates 1 year after earning a bachelor's degree. It compares 2007-08 bachelor's degree recipients who graduated at the start of the recent recession with their peers who graduated in 1992-93 and 1999-2000. Different labor market conditions characterized these three time periods. The U.S. unemployment rate rose from 5.8 percent in 2008 to 9.3 percent in 2009. The different labor market conditions of the years examined in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Graduates, Bachelors Degrees, Employment, Unemployment, Majors (Students),...
Do low-income, high-achieving high school seniors benefit from receiving assistance with the college application process? Based on student surveys, a recent study found that providing application guidance, cost information, and fee waivers had a positive impact on postsecondary application submissions and enrollment outcomes. This study meets WWC evidence standards with reservations due to the large number of students from the original sample who did not complete the survey. [The following...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Achievement, Low Income Groups, Educational Opportunities, High School Seniors,...
Early College High Schools partner with colleges and universities to provide students with an opportunity to earn an Associate's degree or college credits toward a Bachelor's degree at no or low cost to students. In a recent study, researchers found that attending Early College High Schools improved some high school and postsecondary outcomes for students. This study is a well-executed randomized controlled trial that meets WWC evidence standards without reservations. [The following study is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Colleges, Dual Enrollment, Acceleration (Education), Graduation,...
This "What Works Clearinghouse Procedures and Standards Handbook (Version 3.0)" provides a detailed description of the standards and procedures of the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC). The remaining chapters of this Handbook are organized to take the reader through the basic steps that the WWC uses to develop a review protocol, identify the relevant literature, assess research quality, and summarize evidence of effectiveness. Organizational procedures used by the WWC to ensure an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Guides, Intervention, Classification, Comparative Analysis,...
This study measured the impact of a difference-education intervention on the academic achievement of first generation college students. The difference-education intervention teaches students how their social class backgrounds can affect what they experience in college. Participants attended a moderated panel discussion featuring demographically diverse junior and senior college students who shared stories with incoming students about how they adjusted to and found success in college. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Class, Achievement Gap, Intervention, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement,...
This summary highlights the findings of a study that examined the survey responses of teachers from 75 Idaho schools working on school improvement. Results of the study showed schools with higher teacher reports of the presence of the goals, processes, and supports essential for student success did not have higher rates of reading proficiency, math proficiency, or attendance. A few significant relationships were found in subsamples of schools. A significant positive relationship was also found...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Reading Achievement, Mathematics...
Policymakers and practitioners frequently use teacher surveys to inform decisions on school improvement efforts in low-achieving schools. There is little empirical evidence on how the results of these surveys relate to student outcomes. This study provides information on how perception data from a teacher survey in Idaho is correlated with three student outcomes: reading proficiency, math proficiency, and attendance. The Idaho State Department of Education uses the Educational Effectiveness...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Reading Achievement, Mathematics...
A logic model is a visual representation of the assumptions and theory of action that underlie the structure of an education program. A program can be a strategy for instruction in a classroom, a training session for a group of teachers, a grade-level curriculum, a building-level intervention, or a district-or statewide initiative. This guide, an installment in a four-part series on logic models, describes the role of logic models in effective program planning, collaboration, and monitoring. It...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Models, Logical Thinking, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of...
Much of the current skepticism about the financial payoff of higher education emerges from recent media focus on young college graduates struggling to enter a weak labor market. This brief highlights some of the complexities underlying discussions of the return to the investment in postsecondary education and describes some of the variation in outcomes that leads to the prevalent uncertainty about the value of the investment, clarifying that disappointing outcomes for some are not inconsistent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Labor Market, Higher Education, Education Work Relationship, College Graduates,...
As English learners face the double demands of building knowledge of a second language while learning complex grade-level content, teachers must find effective ways to make challenging content comprehensible for students. This updated English learner practice guide, "Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and Middle School," provides four recommendations for teaching complex content to English learners while simultaneously building academic language...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction,...
The Study of School Turnaround is a set of case studies of the school improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 schools receiving federal funds through the School Improvement Grants (SIG) program over a three-year period (school years 2010-11 to 2012-13). This evaluation brief focuses on the nine SIG schools that were in rural areas and how respondents in these schools perceived their rural context to influence specific turnaround activities. Key findings that emerged from the rural case...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Turnaround, Case Studies, Grants, Educational Improvement, Longitudinal...
In this policy report, the Annie E. Casey Foundation explores the intersection of kids, race, and opportunity. The report features the new Race for Results index, which compares how children are progressing on key milestones across racial and ethnic groups at the national and state level. The index is based on 12 indicators that measure a child's success in each stage of life, from birth to adulthood, in the areas of early childhood; education and early work; family supports; and neighborhood...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans, Pacific Americans, Hispanic...
The study reviewed here examined whether taking a course with a tenure track professor versus a non-tenure track professor for first-term freshman-level courses (e.g., introductory economics) had an impact on students' future enrollment and performance in classes in the same subject. Data from 15,662 students who entered Northwestern University, Illinois, as freshmen between fall 2001 and fall 2008 were used. Findings showed that students who took a freshman-level class with a tenure track...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Higher Education, Introductory Courses, Economics Education,...
The Early Childhood Educator Survey and the Early Childhood Administrator Survey allow users to collect consistent data on the use of child assessments and learning standards in early childhood learning settings. Each survey includes modules on educator/administrator background information, assessment use, and learning standards implementation. The surveys and modules can be used either together or individually, and are part of a research agenda to improve early childhood programming and child...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Surveys, Teacher Characteristics, Administrator Characteristics,...
This study of 952 fifth and sixth graders in Washington, DC, and Alexandria, Virginia, found that students who were offered the "Higher Achievement" program had higher test scores in mathematical problem solving and were more likely to be admitted to and attend private competitive high schools. "Higher Achievement" is a multi-year afterschool and summer program aimed at middle school students from at-risk communities. The program's goal is to improve academic achievement and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Summer Programs, After School Programs, Program Effectiveness, Grade 5, Grade 6,...
The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal funds through the School Improvement Grants (SIG) program over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). This evaluation brief focuses on 11 of these SIG schools with high proportions of English Language Learner (ELL) students (a median of 45 percent ELLs). Three key findings that emerged from the ELL case study data collected in fall 2011 include: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Turnaround, Educational Improvement, Federal Aid, Grants, English Language...
This Data Point uses data from four administrations of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:2000, NPSAS:04, NPSAS:08, and NPSAS:12) to briefly present trends in out-of-pocket net price for college, the amount that students and their families must pay to attend college after subtracting grants, loans, work-study, and all other student aid from the total price of attendance. It also presents out-of-pocket net price by income levels for the most recent data available (2011-12). For...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Paying for College, Parent Financial Contribution, Private Colleges, Public Colleges,...
The 2011 study, "Benefits of Practicing 4 = 2 + 2: Nontraditional Problem Formats Facilitate Children's Understanding of Mathematical Equivalence," examined the effects of addition practice using nontraditional problem formats on students' understanding of mathematical equivalence. In nontraditional problem formats, operations appear on the right side of the equal sign (e.g., __ = 4 + 3) rather than the traditional method of placing the operations on the left side of the equal sign...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Students, Addition, Teaching Methods,...
The 2013 study, "Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation," examined whether eligibility for the Florida Student Access Grant (FSAG), a need-based grant for low-income students in Florida, affects college enrollment, credit accumulation, persistence over time in college, and, eventually, graduation from public 2-year or 4-year institutions or private colleges in the state of Florida. The study included over 45,000...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Financial Aid, Tuition Grants, State Aid, Access to Education, Academic...
This brief describes the extent to which states required teacher evaluation policies aligned with the Race to the Top (RTT) initiative as of spring 2012. Although teacher evaluation policies appear to be rapidly evolving, documenting policy requirements in the early years of RTT implementation can help inform policymakers about the pace of policy innovation nationally. This brief examines the presence of state-level requirements for certain practices but not the actual district- or school-level...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Program Implementation, Educational Policy, Interviews, Alignment...
A recent study, "The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle School Students of Varying Ability," examined the effectiveness of "Solve It!," a program intended to improve the problem-solving skills of seventh-grade math students. During the program, students are taught cognitive strategies of varying complexity to solve math word problems. The ultimate goal is for students to internalize the strategies and use them automatically during...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Problem Solving, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics...
States and districts are beginning to use student achievement growth--as measured by state assessments (often using statistical techniques known as value-added models or student growth models)--as part of their teacher evaluation systems. But this approach has limited application in most states, because their assessments are typically administered only in grades 3-8 and only in math and reading. In response, some districts have turned to alternative measures of student growth. These alternative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Alternative Assessment,...
States and districts are beginning to use student achievement growth--as measured by state assessments (often using statistical techniques known as value-added models or student growth models)--as part of their teacher evaluation systems. But this approach has limited application in most states, because their assessments are typically administered only in grades 3-8 and only in math and reading. In response, some districts have turned to alternative measures of student growth. These alternative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Alternative Assessment,...
This National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) First Look report introduces new data for two separate measures of 4-year on-time graduation rates as well as event dropout rates for school year (SY) 2010-11 and SY 2011-12. Specifically this report provides the following: (1) Four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR) data reported by state or jurisdiction and, for the first time, a national estimated 4-year cohort graduation rate; (2) Averaged freshman graduation rate (AFGR) data by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduation Rate, Dropout Rate, Public Schools, High Schools, Racial Differences,...
This Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Northwest study identifies how frequently students in six selected urban districts received exclusionary discipline during the 2011/12 school year, the most common reasons for such discipline, the percentage of students receiving multiple suspensions, and how many school days students lost to suspensions. The study also examined the application of exclusionary discipline at different grade spans and by student gender, race/ethnicity, and special...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Suspension, Expulsion, School Districts, Urban Schools, Public Schools, Elementary...
This summary document presents findings from a Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Northwest study that identifies how frequently students in six selected urban districts received exclusionary discipline during the 2011/12 school year, the most common reasons for such discipline, the percentage of students receiving multiple suspensions, and how many school days students lost to suspensions. The study also examined the application of exclusionary discipline at different grade spans and by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Suspension, Expulsion, School Districts, Urban Schools, Public Schools, Elementary...
An opportunistic experiment is a type of randomized controlled trial that studies the effects of a planned intervention or policy change with minimal added disruption and cost. This guide defines opportunistic experiments and provides examples, discusses issues to consider when identifying potential opportunistic experiments, and outlines the critical steps to complete opportunistic experiments. It concludes with a discussion of the potentially low cost of conducting opportunistic experiments...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Experiments, Educational Research, Intervention, Educational Policy,...
State education leaders are often interested in identifying schools that have demonstrated success with improving the literacy of students who are at the highest level of risk for reading difficulties. The identification of these schools that are "beating the odds" is typically accomplished by comparing a school's observed performance on a particular exam, such as a state achievement exam, with how the school would be expected to perform when taking into account its demographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, At Risk Students, Grade 3,...
State education leaders are often interested in identifying schools that have demonstrated success with improving the literacy of students who are at the highest level of risk for reading difficulties. The identification of these schools that are "beating the odds" is typically accomplished by comparing a school's observed performance on a particular exam, such as a state achievement exam, with how the school would be expected to perform when taking into account its demographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, At Risk Students, Grade 3,...
This report summarizes the complex research literature on quantitative methods for assessing how impacts of educational interventions on instructional practices and student learning differ across students, educators, and schools. It also provides technical guidance about the use and interpretation of these methods. The research topics addressed include: subgroup (moderator) analyses based on study participants' characteristics measured "before" the intervention is implemented;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Evaluation Methods, Educational Research, Intervention,...
Participation in preschool programs has been associated with a number of positive outcomes. Evaluating data from the 40-year follow-up to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program Study, Belfield and his colleagues show how preschool participation by low income children relates to significant economic benefits both to the children by the time they are in their 40s and to society more generally (Belfield et al. 2006). Summarizing over 160 studies conducted from 1960 through 2000, Camilli et al....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Education, Enrollment Trends, State Aid, Educational Finance, Expenditures,...
"Repeated reading" is an academic practice that aims to increase oral reading fluency. "Repeated reading" can be used with students who have developed initial word reading skills but demonstrate inadequate reading fluency for their grade level. During "repeated reading," a student sits in a quiet location with a teacher and reads a passage aloud at least three times. Typically, the teacher selects a passage of about 50 to 200 words in length. If the student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Instruction, Repetition, Instructional...
In 2009, President Barack Obama set forth a goal that America would have the highest percentage of college graduates (associate's and bachelor's degree recipients) in the world by 2020. The U.S. Department of Education estimated that to reach this goal, the number of college graduates would need to increase by 50 percent nationwide by 2020, meaning that, in addition to current projected growth, 8 million additional young adults would need to earn a degree (U.S. Department of Education 2011). As...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Graduation Rate, Tables (Data), College Graduates, Awards,...
This report provides guidance and documentation for users of the combined base-year to third follow-up data of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). ELS:2002 is sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. The base-year and follow-up studies were conducted through a contract to RTI International. This manual contains information about the purposes of ELS:2002, the base-year to third...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Longitudinal Studies, High School Students, Grade 10, Outcomes of Education, Followup...
This document recommends a set of core practices, operations, and templates that can be adopted and adapted by local education agencies (LEAs) as they consider how to respond to requests for both new and existing data about the education enterprise. These recommendations reflect core best practices for: (1) managing the flow of requests; (2) establishing response priorities; (3) monitoring appropriate methods and use; (4) protecting privacy; and (5) ensuring that research efforts are beneficial...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Best Practices, Access to Information, Agency Cooperation, Educational Researchers,...
The study examined the impact of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on high school students' academic and behavioral outcomes. Depending on how long the student had attended Kalamazoo Public Schools (KPS), the scholarship would cover up to 100 percent of tuition and fees for attending any public college or university in the state of Michigan. The authors hypothesized that the promise of such a scholarship might have an effect on students' high school outcomes. The study focused on students who...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scholarships, High School Students, Student Behavior, Behavior Change, Statistical...
The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals' leadership styles, the schools' improvement strategies and actions, the supports states and districts provide to the schools, school stakeholders' perceptions of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Grants, Educational Improvement, Federal Aid, Teacher Surveys,...
The 2013 study, "Daily Online Testing in Large Classes: Boosting College Performance While Reducing Achievement Gaps," examined the impact of frequent online testing and immediate feedback on the academic performance of college students. The study was conducted at the University of Texas in the fall of 2008 and 2011. Researchers found that students who received daily online testing and immediate feedback on their performance earned higher grades than comparison group students during...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Large Group Instruction, Class Size, Student Evaluation, Computer Assisted Testing,...
As educators are increasingly called on to use data to inform improvement initiatives (and are being held accountable for doing so), there is a corresponding need for program leaders to monitor progress. Program monitoring--the systematic and continual observation and recording of key program aspects--can provide leaders with realistic assessments of progress and inform communications with staff and supporters. This reference guide examines three key components of program monitoring--planning,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Evaluation, Leadership Role, Planning, Program Development, Evaluation...
The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater mathematics achievement than students taught by teachers who were not in either of these programs. The results of this study, conducted in the 2009-10 and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Teachers, Secondary School Mathematics,...
The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater mathematics achievement than students taught by teachers who were not in either of these programs. The study was conducted in the 2009-10 and 2010-11 school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Mathematics,...
This guide for district and school leaders shows how to recognize opportunities to embed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) into planned policies or programs. Opportunistic RCTs can generate strong evidence for informing education decisions--with minimal added cost and disruption. The guide also outlines the key steps to conduct RCTs and responds to common questions and concerns about RCTs. Readers will find a real life example of how one district took advantage of an opportunity to learn...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, Educational Research, Guides, Program Evaluation, Evaluation...
To help inform policymakers and the public about the progress of education in the United States, Congress has mandated that the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) produce an annual report, "The Condition of Education." This year's report presents 42 indicators on important topics and trends in U.S. education. These indicators focus on population characteristics, participation in education, elementary and secondary education, and postsecondary education. This year's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Indicators, Trend Analysis, Educational Attainment, Student...