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Mar 30, 2019 Loyalty programs; Federal employees; Communism; Espionage; Intelligence services; Department of State; Federal Bureau of Investigation--FBI; Department of Justice; Civil Service Commission; Congressional investigations; Self incrimination; Congressional-executive relations
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Title: State Department Employee Loyalty Investigation. Part 1 Hearing Date: Mar. 8-9, 13-14, 20-21, 27-28, Apr. 5-6, 20, 25, 27-28, May 1-4, 26, 31, Jun. 5-9, 12, 21-23, 26, 28, 1950 Committee: Subcommittee on S. Res. 231; Committee on Foreign Relations. Senate Sudoc Number: Y4.F76/2:St2/2/pt.1 Legacy CIS Number: 81 S946-2 Congress: 81-2 Witnesses BIELASKI , Frank B. , pres, Research and Security Corp , p. 923. BESS , Demaree , assoc editor, Saturday Evening Post , p. 796. BROWDER , Earl R. ,...
Topics: Loyalty programs, Federal employees, Communism, Espionage, Intelligence services, Department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 7, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis presents the findings of a policy analysis conducted on the current policy governing the visa issuing function versus a policy of The U.S. Department of Homeland Security assuming operational and tactical level control of the visa issuing function from the Department of State. Responsibility for this system is currently divided between the U.S. Department of State (DOS) and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This results in a duplication of effort, unclear...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR HOMELAND DEFENSE AND SECURITY,...
This work examines the information sharing between the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Army when planning overseas operations. It looks at examples of collaboration and identifies where knowledge management tools and systems were used and where they could be used in the future. The focus of the study is on identifying barriers to use and incremental first steps that could be taken given the background of the problem of interagency knowledge sharing. The emphasis of the conclusions and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY, *DEPARTMENT OF...
This thesis posits that some members of the Foreign Service (FS) are opting out of interagency exchanges at military universities due to concerns over finances, career progression and assignments. To determine the validity of this assumption, a survey was sent to all 89 FS alumni of interagency exchanges at military universities from the 2011 through 2014 year groups. 39 responses were received and analyzed via mixed methodology. The results show that financial concerns had very little impact...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *FOREIGN SERVICE...
Since the 1998 East Africa bombings, U.S. diplomatic personnel working overseas have faced increasing threats to their safety and security. State has built many new embassies and consulates since 1998 and enhanced security measures at others. Increased security at such facilities has raised concerns that residences, schools, and other places where U.S. diplomatic personnel and their families congregate may be viewed by terrorists as more attractive soft targets. GAO was asked to review the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *DIPLOMATS, *SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 1, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Security force assistance missions are an important aspect of U.S. foreign policy and a means to protect U.S. national security and strategic interests. The United States has declared the stability and the security of Africa as critical to its interests and therefore provides security assistance to Trans-Saharan under-developed countries as a way to combat terrorism. The lack of applicability of the Department of State s traditional security assistance authorities to help beleaguered African...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, *FEDERAL LAW,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 1, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Yemen has been an important partner in the fight against al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), a terrorist group based in Yemen that continues to plot against U.S. citizens and interests. To assist in countering the AQAP threat, the Department of State (State) committed $48 million of the $108 million allocated in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) funding from fiscal year 2007 through fiscal year 2014 to Yemen.1 Senate Report 133-176, accompanying S.2410, Carl Levin National Defense...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *AUDITING, *MILITARY EQUIPMENT,...
The role of soft power in U.S. foreign policy has become a common theme amongst government agencies. International training and professional exchanges are a part of soft power. Since the egregious attacks on 9/11, many have argued for an increase in this tool of statecraft. This thesis reviews the role of soft power in U.S. foreign policy and how that pertains to homeland security. Specifically, the study notes the importance of international military and law enforcement training and how these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *DIPLOMACY,...
DOD provides LQA as an incentive to recruit eligible individuals for civilian employee assignments overseas. In 2014 DOD spent almost $504 million on LQA for about 16,500 civilian employees to help defray overseas living expenses, such as rent and utilities. GAO was asked to review DOD s implementation of LQA policies for overseas employees. This report evaluates the extent to which (1) DOD has clarified its LQA eligibility requirements and is monitoring its components LQA eligibility...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, *COMPENSATION,...
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is one of the top U.S. national security threats. AQAP is based in Yemen, where political conflict, including a Houthi insurgency, has complicated stability. Since fiscal year 2006, DOD and State have allocated over $500 million to provide training and equipment to the Yemeni security forces to assist Yemen in combating AQAP. Such assistance has been provided through three main programs: Section 1206 and Section 1207(n), which have been used to build...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *LOGISTICS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 30, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States emphasizes a whole-of-government approach to protect its national security interests. Given that the United States is most often in Phase Zero, or involved in a unified effort short of war, the United States must closely examine the effectiveness of the current interagency system during this phase. Not only is interagency integration in Phase Zero worth examining because the United States is most often in Phase Zero abroad, but there are certain conditions within Phase Zero...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
The Department of Defense (DOD) has expanded the Global Ministry of Defense Advisors (MODA) program more slowly than planned. It had 2 advisors in the field in Kosovo and Montenegro for most of fiscal year 2014, short of its goal of deploying 12 advisors by the end of fiscal year 2014. DOD deployed advisors to 2 additional countries just before the end of fiscal year 2014 (see figure). According to DOD officials, reasons it has taken longer than expected to expand globally include delays in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 29, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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GAO's analysis of the overseas real property portfolio of the Department of State (State) indicates that the overall inventory has increased in recent years. State reported that its leased properties, which make up about 75 percent of its inventory, increased from approximately 12,000 to 14,000 between 2008 and 2013. State's numbers of federally owned properties increased, but comparing the total number of owned properties from year to year can be misleading because State's method of counting...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *DEPARTMENT OF STATE, *OVERSEAS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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WHAT SIGAR REVIEWED. Since 2001, the U.S. government has made improving the lives of Afghan women and girls a priority and has solidified its commitment through the U.S. Embassy Kabul Gender Strategy; funding designated for Afghan women; and programming to support this vulnerable group. However, despite reported improvements in conditions for Afghan women, U.S. agencies, the Congress, nongovernmental organizations, and members of Afghan civil society have expressed concerns that Afghan women...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *AFGHANISTAN,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 27, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This monograph identifies the process of organizational change demonstrated by the Department of State (DOS) when supporting U.S. efforts in an irregular warfare environment where there is a large Department of Defense (DOD) general purpose force present. To successfully conduct operations abroad, United States Government (USG) interagency cooperation is necessary to achieve unity of effort towards a common aim. Although this seems obvious in theory, case studies analyzing Vietnam, Afghanistan...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Why GAO Did This Study. The activities of Iranian government elements, such as a 2011 attempt to assassinate the Saudi Ambassador in the United States, could pose a threat to U.S. national security. Congress enacted the Countering Iran in the Western Hemisphere Act of 2012, requiring State to assess the threats posed to the United States by Iran's presence and activity in the Western Hemisphere and to develop a strategy to address those threats. This report examines (1) State's collaboration...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *IRAN, *STRATEGY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 22, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This work examines the relationship of the Joint Task Force Commander and the United States Ambassador during contingency operations conducted by the United States. The work examines the impacts of this relationship on operations conducted for regime change and how it influenced conflict termination in the 20th century. The work examines two historic case studies: Operation Just Cause and Operation Uphold Democracy. Moreover, the work examines communication and integration between the strategic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 21, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Providing an adequate level of security for diplomatic personnel operating within austere or dangerous environments is the responsibility of The Department of State's Bureau of Diplomatic Security. There exists, within this endeavor, a fine line between employing enough resources and personnel to mitigate casualties among Foreign Service Officers (FSO) and creating an environment wherein an FSO is no longer able to operate effectively. Recently, coined, the term expeditionary or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *FOREIGN SERVICE...
The United States Ambassadors and Geographic Combatant Commanders are responsible for protection of United States citizens in their respective areas of responsibility. Accordingly, planning and practicing of procedures for Non-combatant Evacuation Operations (NEOs) are prudent and necessary especially as stability, in a Host Nation or region, waivers: however, the decision to make necessary preparations for an evacuation may in fact precipitate the requirement to execute one, thus framing an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Events in northwest Africa such as al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb s seizure of territory in Mali in 2012 and Boko Haram s near-daily attacks in Nigeria have underscored concerns that the region is vulnerable to the spread of violent extremism. TSCTP, a U.S. multiagency counterterrorism effort begun in 2005, led by State, and primarily coordinated with USAID and DOD, focuses on strengthening partner countries counterterrorism capabilities and inhibiting the spread of terrorist ideology through...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 21, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper looks at the need to rebalance the use of military force in support of U.S. foreign policy after the expected withdrawal of U.S. troops from combat operations in Afghanistan. It analyzes the need to update grand strategy, recommends adjustments to State Department structure, and identifies issues with current war powers.
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Navy and Marine Corps team is best suited to be the 'first responder' for international Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations to fulfill the role of enabler for United States Agency for International Development (USAID), other-government agencies, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in response to HA/DR. As the lead for international disaster relief efforts USAID, specifically Office for Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) is responsible for coordinating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT...
The Marine Corps has historically been involved in nation building efforts throughout the world because it can provide the necessary resilience and resources in hostile environments. The use of military services in nation building efforts, however, has been controversial. Controversy over whether service members possess the requisite skill set, knowledge, and expertise for training indigenous 'police forces, a stated objective in nation building, exists. Consequentially, Marines have been...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *LAW ENFORCEMENT, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Shaping efforts in the Maghreb and Sahel are extensive and commendable but lack appropriate interagency synchronization and an appropriate balance between the development and defense approaches. To achieve greater success in this critical region of Africa, the United States must adapt to the asymmetric environment, empower the Department of State (DoS) to lead and execute foreign policy, decrease the perceived militarization of foreign policy, and adjust policies within the Department of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS UNIV QUANTICO VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT OF STATE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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There are important lessons about the military's role in disaster relief efforts to be learned from Operation UNIFIED RESPONSE despite America's long history of responding to natural disasters around the world. Among these are the areas where the Department of Defense can best support the U.S. Agency for International Development Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (through the Department of State), which has the authority and responsibility to lead. the United States' foreign disaster relief...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, *MILITARY...
Since 9/11, the United States has been acutely aware of the threat presented by terrorist organizations. The focus of this threat has centered upon AI Qaeda and its affiliates. Hezbollah, meanwhile, has developed into a highly capable and multi-faceted organization that has demonstrated a robust military capability, a strong ability to use and manipulate information, while gaining an air of legitimacy, specifically as a voice in the Lebanese legislature. Transnational Organized Crime (TOC)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT FORCES STAFF COLLEGE, *CRIMES, *TERRORISTS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 112-81), Section 1207, created a new Global Security Contingency Fund (GSCF) as a 4-year pilot project to be jointly administered and funded by the Department of Defense (DoD) and the State Department. The purpose of the fund is to carry out security and counterterrorism training, and rule of law programs. The GSCF is placed under the State Department's budget. Although decisions are to be jointly made by the Secretaries of State and Defense,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *COUNTERTERRORISM,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006, as amended and regularly extended, provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces for two specified purposes -- counterterrorism and stability operations -- and foreign security forces for counterterrorism operations. Section 1206 authority now extends through FY2017. The FY2014 NDAA (P.L. 113-66) expanded the scope of Section 1206 authority considerably. Previously,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *COUNTERTERRORISM,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Defense Sector Reform (DSR) is a conceptual term for the planning and implementation of integrated development of a nation's armed forces. In concert with social, economic, government, and other security reform efforts, DSR produces a professionalized, civilian controlled military force that can meet the contextual requirements of external and internal national defense. Currently, however, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) lacks a clear and purposeful host nation (HN) defense sector reform...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT...
Throughout history, examples of the successes and failures of the interagency process abound. With the global financial crisis striking the United States, it is imperative for the United States Department of Defense and the Department of State to coordinate their activities through a streamlined approach to the interagency process. A focus on the operational level of planning at the State Department and an exchange of military and foreign service officers for advising and ensuring all assets of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 19, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY FORT BELVOIR VA, *IRAQI WAR, *LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 19, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Inspectors General of the Departments of Defense and State established an interagency IG Team (IG Team) to collaborate on this management and program assessment of the Iraqi police training program. The purposes were to: a) evaluate the U.S. government funded (appropriated funds) programs in accomplishing the training and equipping of the Iraqi Police Service (IPS), and b) examine the effectiveness of coordination and cooperation between Department of State (DoS) and Department of Defense...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INSPECTOR GENERAL DEPT OF DEFENSE ARLINGTON VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT...
Senior federal government officials -- including high-ranking DoD officials, cabinet members, and members of Congress -- are required or authorized to fly on military aircraft. This high-priority movement of senior government officials, known as special air missions, is accomplished with a fleet of 15 aircraft assigned to the Air Force's 89th Airlift Wing, located at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland. Both the Office of Management and Budget and DoD issued guidance on the management and use of these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *ACCOUNTING, *CIVILIAN PERSONNEL,...
Since 2009, the United States has allocated $671 million in security-related assistance for Lebanon to train, modernize, and equip the Lebanese Armed Forces and Internal Security Forces. The U.S. government established end-use monitoring programs to ensure that defense equipment is safeguarded. The Foreign Assistance Act prohibits certain assistance to any unit of foreign security forces if the Secretary of State has credible information that such a unit has committed a gross violation of human...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *AREA SECURITY, *DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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United States Military Forces-Iraq were under the mandate to withdraw from Iraq no later than December 2011. Upon their withdrawal, 16,500 diplomats, security personnel, and support personnel would remain. The current military sustainment system would transfer to the Department of State (DoS), known as the United States Mission-Iraq (USMI). DoS does not normally provide this magnitude of support to U.S. personnel at its worldwide locations, nor is it adequately funded to do so. Further...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
Since 2005, the Department of State has spent at least $223 million on justice sector development programs in Afghanistan, including State's Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs' (INL) programs to train Afghan justice sector personnel such as judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. The Justice Sector Support Program (JSSP) is one of these programs and it consists of three main components: regional training of justice sector officials, developing a case management...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *AFGHANISTAN,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The U.S. debate on immigration has been characterized by a simplistic human rights versus national security paradigm that has inhibited serious discussion of the role of the U.S. immigration system in a coordinated national security strategy. The debate has been further hampered by the paucity of counter-terror experts who understand the immigration system, and by a lack of security expertise in the immigrant rights community. This project attempts to bridge that divide. The stakes could not be...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY DEPT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, *IMMIGRATION, *NATIONAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The USSOCOM Research Topics 2012 list represents an effort to identify, categorize, and list SOF-related research topics for research by PME students, JSOU senior fellows, and other SOF researchers who desire to make timely and meaningful contributions to SOF issues and challenges. The USSOCOM commander places great emphasis and value on SOF PME students research and writing on timely, relevant, SOF-related topics. Such activity develops the individual's intellect and provides a professional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *SPECIAL OPERATIONS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1991 generated a hopeful mood throughout the Western world as the Cold War ended, leaving the United States as the sole superpower. The unipolar era that followed did not bring lasting peace, however, but global uncertainty and persistent conflict. In a short period of time, the mood in the lonely superpower faded in the face of the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the wars that followed in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *DIPLOMACY, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Integration of U.S. personnel recovery (PR) efforts still leaves gaps in coverage and creates unnecessary delays when Americans become isolated abroad. This is especially true of efforts between the Department of the Defense (DoD) and the Department of State (DoS). Although a few U.S. diplomatic missions abroad have mature PR architectures, each diplomatic mission is challenged with developing its own particular plan to meet the national goals of that country. Currently, the DoS continues to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY OPERATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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International Partnering efforts have become the primary way for the United States to deal with an increasingly unstable and volatile global environment. Interest in partnering efforts by the Department of Defense, Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development have accelerated as a means of avoiding conflict and addressing post conflict resolution. Unfortunately, compartmentalization among the aforementioned agencies has led to redundancies of programs and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION, DEPARTMENT OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The end of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union brought about the need for United States (U.S.) strategic policy to ensure stability and support nation-building in the region. This region consisting of 12 newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union has remained relatively stable for the past 22 years. One contributing factor to successful nation-building, peace and regional stability has been the impact of Operation Provide Hope (OPH), an interagency effort between the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT OF STATE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Diplomacy, development and defense form the three primary pillars of US foreign policy used to engage and shape a global strategic environment. Over the past decade, a variety of critics have noted the lack of US interagency coordination in its international engagement and shaping efforts. This paper contends that although formal interagency structures and processes have improved and do exist at the national and country team level, the lack of an authoritative interagency mechanism at the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) has significantly increased its roles, responsibilities, and resources since the beginning of the Global War on Terrorism's operations in September 2001. This resultant growth has complimented, and occasionally competed with, existing U.S. conventional military and other government agencies' security capabilities. The growth of USSOCOM has the potential to collide with the long-standing Department of Defense (DoD) foreign engagement presence in U.S....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *BILLETS(PERSONNEL), *COOPERATION, *DEPARTMENT...
The purpose of this thesis is to examine Provincial Reconstruction Teams' (PRTs) project management practices to determine if those practices resulted in the increased dependency of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) on PRTs in Khost and Paktia provinces. Since 2003, PRTs have conducted major reconstruction and governance capacity building projects in Afghanistan. These projects have assisted the Afghan government in regaining credibility with the local population as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Endeavoring to determine the effectiveness of the United States (U.S.) Government's security response to attacks on its diplomatic missions, this thesis examined 11 attacks that occurred between 1979 and 2012. As a result of the researcher's analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, conclusions were made that addressed the significance of: the capability of a receiving nation's government to provide for the protection of a U.S. mission; the willingness of that government to provide...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *DIPLOMATS, *TERRORISM,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Current U.S. National Strategy highlights the importance of shaping activities with other nations and cultivating partnerships around the world. One Diplomatic Tool -- The National Guard State Partnership Program (SPP) -- has been very effective in establishing and strengthening the United States' relationships with other nations. This paper reviews and analyzes national strategy documents, defense and service guidance, SPP history and lessons learned, and the findings of the GAO 2012 study of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *COOPERATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This monograph addresses the current security cooperation structure in the U.S. Military and U.S. Government within the context of recent strategic guidance. This guidance calls for a whole-of-government approach to building partner capacity. Much of the current security cooperation structure, organization, and funding authorities were developed over the course of the Cold War. They were initially created to build the defense capability of allies and security partners against the threat of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In an age of shrinking defense budgets and the potential for unforeseen expeditionary operations, the Department of Defense (DoD) needs to proactively develop flexible, adaptable plans for logistics to support the global application of land power into austere theaters. While the need for an expeditionary response capability will remain, DoD resources will dwindle in the near-term. A better system can be designed by proactively planning to support strategic logistics operations. An interagency...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DISTRIBUTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The past five decades have seen two major shifts in American civil-military relations: the advent of the all-volunteer force and the end of the Cold War. These events necessitated a renegotiation of civil-military relations. However, the uptick in military engagements post-Cold War and the tragic events of 9/11 forestalled any progress in redefining that relationship. The 21st century has seen a decline in civil-military relations characterized by increased politicization of the military, a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COMMUNITY RELATIONS, *CONFLICT, *CONGRESS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The foreign policy of the United States is built on the three Ds: development, diplomacy and defense (3Ds). The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the lead development agency; the Department of State (DOS) leads on diplomacy; and the Department of Defense (DOD) leads on defense issues. The 3D approach provides to the United States Government (USG) an opportunity to use a collective set of responses to tackle global security challenges. The 3D approach recognizes that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
This paper was produced by the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University in support of the Agile acquisition research agenda funded by the Office of the Secretary of Defense. This paper is part of a larger research study focused on understanding the implications of applying a rapid, incremental development approach, such as Agile, on the Department of Defense (DoD) acquisition process. An overarching goal of this research agenda is to identify areas of tension between Agile...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INST, *ACQUISITION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The ideas of peace, freedom, a basic level of human rights, and free markets abroad are deeply rooted in America's foreign policy objectives. The United States selectively uses its military as a means to implement these ideas abroad. However, the American way of war creates extremely complex challenges for the transitional period between dominating an enemy force and creating a stabilized free and prosperous host nation. There are no set principles or checklists for transitional periods, or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 12, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC CENTER FOR COMPLEX OPERATIONS, *NATIONAL...
This thesis examines the national security policies and strategies of the United States as they address terrorism and the root causes of terrorism in an information age. It focuses on the root causes of terrorism and the enduring nature of the Global Islamist Movement as manifested by its flagship terrorist organization, al-Qaeda. The thesis summarizes the Global Islamist Movement's historic and theological foundations, its ideology, and its published strategy to emphasize the enduring nature...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 10, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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On September 11, 2012, the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, was attacked, resulting in the death of four United States citizens, including Ambassador Christopher Stevens. Prior to Bengazi, the Marine Corps Embassy Security Group (MCESG) held a total strength of about 1,400 Marines, of which 1,196 were Marine Security Guards (MSG). In response to the deadly attack, Congress authorized 1,000 new MSGs through the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act, creating additional protection for U.S....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 10, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Established through the Marine Security Guard (MSG) Program during the 1940s, the Marine Corps and Department of State have shared a partnership of providing critical security to designated diplomatic facilities worldwide. Approximately 250 Marines execute permanent change-of-station orders within the program five times every year to support personnel manning requirements. Are these Marines being sent to the right location? Is one embassy unintentionally staffed with a disproportionate quality...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Our purpose was to determine whether U.S. Government goals, objectives, plans, and guidance were issued and operative for transitioning the Security Assistance Mission in Iraq from the Department of Defense (DoD) to Department of State (DOS) authority; and whether ongoing efforts to provide security assistance to Iraq were adversely impacted by the drawdown. We visited or contacted governmental organizations in the United States and in Iraq that were responsible for providing security...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA VA, *DEPARTMENT OF...
Since 2008, the Afghan government has identified improvements to its energy sector as a top priority, including increasing revenues and reducing losses from power generation through distribution. Collectively, these initiatives are referred to as commercialization. Since 2009, the U.S. Government has obligated almost $88 million to help the Afghan government commercialize Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS), its national power utility. DABS operates and manages electric power generation,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *AFGHANISTAN,...
This letter formally transmits the enclosed briefing that we presented to your staff on November 30, 2012. The House Committee on Armed Services report 112-479 accompanying the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 directed GAO to review the procedures the Department of Defense (DOD) has in place to control for the challenges inherent to the provision of military-to-military and security force assistance to foreign partners. In response to the mandate, we addressed the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY ASSISTANCE, DEPARTMENT OF...
Following Syria s withdrawal from Lebanon in 2005 and war between Israel and Hezbollah in 2006, U.S. agencies increased their allocations of security assistance for Lebanon from $3 million in 2005 to about $28 million in 2006. This assistance included training and equipment funded and implemented by State or DOD for the Lebanese Armed Forces and Internal Security Forces of Lebanon. However, questions remain regarding the effectiveness of security assistance as a tool of U.S. policy in Lebanon,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DEPARTMENT...
The terrorist group AQAP, one of the top threats to U.S. national security, is based in Yemen a country facing serious economic and social challenges and undergoing a difficult political transition following civil unrest in 2011. Since 2007, State, DOD, and USAID have allocated over $1 billion in assistance to help Yemen counter AQAP and address other challenges. The three largest U.S. assistance programs in Yemen are USAID s Food for Peace program, which has provided emergency food aid, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, *UNITED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 7, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This report is the product of the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) Mission Assessment and Analysis Directorate (MAAD) internship program. A team of graduate and undergraduate students from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, University of Nebraska-Omaha, and Creighton University worked together to provide this multidisciplinary, unclassified comprehensive report. This report creates a consolidated view of the formal interactions between various organizations in regards to CWMD. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STRATEGIC COMMAND OFFUTT AFB NE, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION, *MASS DESTRUCTION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 4, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The CTBT IMS has the objective of providing global monitoring to detect nuclear explosions in any environment. The eleven stations comprising the hydroacoustic network principally look for explosions in the water column of the Earth s oceans and above the ocean surface. The efficient transmission of acoustic energy through the SOFAR channel allows a small number of stations to effectively cover most of the world s oceans. Six of the IMS stations are hydrophone stations, where moored hydrophones...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON DC, *UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS, HYDROPHONES, MONITORING,...
The United States has been engaged in active conflict against Violent Extremist Organizations for over 11 years. This has given the United States the ability to effectively track and target hostile organizations before they could materialize enough manpower and resources to effectively target the U.S. homeland and significant interests abroad. Even as the United States draws down a majority of combat forces from the Middle East, its ability to effectively track organizations that are attempting...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The problem is how to employ a limited amount of Civil-Military Support Elements (CMSEs) in a theater of operations to develop and maintain a partner nation's Civil-Military Operations (CMO) capacity. The purpose of this research is to identify best practices in developing a partner nation's capacity to conduct CMO to a level at which little or no U.S. military involvement is needed. The thesis presents a case study of the successful application of CMSEs in Paraguay that developed the partner...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *COOPERATION,...
The workshop titled Reducing Insecurity in Africa: Roles and Responsibilities of the U.S. Military, U.S. Government and Non-Government Communities was held in Monterey, California in December 2010. This conference focused on the respective roles of military, civilian government, and nongovernmental actors in bridging security and development processes in Africa. We organized this conference because of the debates that had been ignited over the creation of the U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER ON CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT, *AFRICA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 3, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Army's Counterinsurgency manual says the integration of civilian and military efforts is crucial in operations. We talk a good game. In practice, there are significant integration challenges. Tensions abound -- who leads, who follows, quick projects to gain influence or longer development projects, how to measure progress, dueling cultures, and different funding sources. In addition, many civil-military teams attempting reconstruction in complex operations are cobbled together. This is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, QUEENS UNIV KINGSTON (CANADA), *ARMY, *CIVIL ENGINEERING, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
This report discusses the results of the Office of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction's (SIGAR) audit of the Afghanistan Infrastructure Program and Fund. This program is intended to leverage and coordinate Department of Defense and Department of State resources for large-scale infrastructure projects in Afghanistan. However, several fiscal year 2011 projects are 6 to 15 months behind schedule, and sustainment plans are incomplete. This report includes 9 recommendations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *AFGHANISTAN,...
In December 2011, the United States removed all combat troops from Iraq, leaving only a handful of military personnel within the U.S. Embassy. This military presence -- in the form of the Office of Security Cooperation-Iraq (OSC-I) -- seeks to assist Iraqi Security Forces as part of the Embassy's broader security sector reform (SSR) efforts to finish off a resilient insurgency. What the United States is attempting to do in Iraq today is not without precedent. Analysis of the U.S. mission to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
The Departments of Defense (DoD) and State (State) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and others are involved in economic development activities in Iraq and Afghanistan. In June 2006, DoD established the Task Force for Business and Stability Operations (Task Force) to support its related efforts. The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2011 required that DoD, State, and USAID jointly develop a plan to transition Task Force activities to State, with a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *AFGHANISTAN, *COMMERCE, *DEPARTMENT...
Recent stabilization and reconstruction operations have demonstrated the critical need for a U.S. interagency approach consisting of a clear and cohesive strategy that incorporates the essential elements of national power. In the complex battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan, and in numerous other conflicts in recent history, the Department of Defense (DoD), Department of State (DoS), and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) have come together with the purpose of stabilizing and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN INST FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 3, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The military is increasingly using and relying on the term narrative in its lexicon. United States strategic guidance documents generally implore commanders to shape the narrative, doctrinal publications recommend that commanders exploit a single narrative, and operational plans direct commanders to execute an operational narrative. Although the concept of narrative is generally understood as telling a story, it is more important for practitioners to recognize narrative as a methodology for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 3, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Extremism is a clear threat to the security of the United States and its allies. Assistance and development programs can potentially counter extremist messaging and, subsequently, the recruiting efforts of violent extremists. It may be most useful to view violent extremism through the prism of counterinsurgency. Department of Defense counterinsurgency doctrine, experience, and assets can substantively assist in this effort. This paper suggests that to enhance effectiveness, the United States...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WASHINGTON INST FOR NEAR EAST POLICY DC, *COOPERATION, *COUNTERINSURGENCY,...
On October 1, 2011, the Department of State (DoS) assumed responsibility to train Iraq's police forces and created the Police Development Program (PDP). Originally, the PDP was to be a five-year multibillion dollar program, the largest DoS-managed program worldwide. On October 24, 2011, the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) reported serious weaknesses with DoS's PDP planning, including the lack of an assessment of Iraqi police force capabilities, high program overhead...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *IRAQ, *PERSONNEL...