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Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Preah Vihear Temple along the Thai and Cambodian border has been a source of contention between the two countries for the past hundred years. Preah Vihears origins go back to the ninth century, but the contemporary dispute is over a portion of land surrounding the temple measuring 4.6 square kilometers. Cambodia and Thailand share many similarities including customs, traditions, art, and religion.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wong,Bryan K, Air Command And Staff College Maxwell Air Force Base United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Dec 20, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The South China Sea region has emerged in the 21st century as an area of unrivalled economic activity, significant natural resources, and a global hub of seaborne commerce. Adjoining nations are aggressively pursuing sovereignty claims over the scattered islets and reefs of the Sea in order to exploit and develop marine resources, while they seek to balance a rising China and a distant U.S. hegemon. Despite the colossal stakes, American strategy for the region is largely rhetorical and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Steffens,Aaron W, Air War College Air University Maxwell AFB United States, military...
The role of soft power in U.S. foreign policy has become a common theme amongst government agencies. International training and professional exchanges are a part of soft power. Since the egregious attacks on 9/11, many have argued for an increase in this tool of statecraft. This thesis reviews the role of soft power in U.S. foreign policy and how that pertains to homeland security. Specifically, the study notes the importance of international military and law enforcement training and how these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *DIPLOMACY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 1, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The rapid growth and modernization of China's economic, political, and military strength over the past two decades has inspired growing acrimony and concern in the United States. Washington strongly desires the continued peace and stability in Asia, and China s subsequent rise may eventually threaten American interests in the Pacific. Furthermore, China s various territorial disputes could upset regional stability, and as China grows stronger, it may decide to use its increasing military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, CENTRAL ASIA, CHINA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 30, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States and other nations pursue aerial reconnaissance daily. Thousands of sorties can be airborne simultaneously around the globe, all collecting vital information and providing different effects for authorities. Although the ability of aerial reconnaissance to find and fix targets and provide battle damage assessment in combat is well understood, its peacetime diplomatic impact is not. Absent an ongoing, large conflict to focus the reconnaissance enterprise, the goals of peacetime...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, *AERIAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 22, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *DIPLOMACY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 21, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Traditionally, Western accounts of the Soviets' conduct on the Eastern Front paint the Red Army as incompetent. These accounts indicate that the Soviets' victory over the technically and tactically superior German Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe was due to the Red Army's overwhelming numbers and their disregard for the human cost to their own citizens. Histories and accounts of the Great Patriotic War from the eastern perspective became available to western scholars after the fall of the Soviet Union....
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *EVACUATION, *INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 21, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Seabees are versatile instruments of power projection because of their capabilities to execute disaster relief operations, civic action, and overseas construction that contribute to the National Security Strategy's (NSS) efforts in diplomatic, information, military, economic, development, strategic communications, and homeland security. Unfortunately, the recent reduction in Seabee force structure is detrimental to national security. Further reductions would create a capacity degradation with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *MANPOWER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Israel gained widespread attention for its use of social media during Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012. This episode demonstrates Israel's emphasis on strategic communication and social media. Despite multiple recommendations for change, the US military seems to be far behind Israel in adapting to the new media environment. Doctrinal change creates operational uncertainty, which is why most militaries resist innovation unless they are forced to by military failure or civilian intervention....
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *MILITARY INFORMATION SUPPORT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 20, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States is transitioning from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and placing increased emphasis on a more holistic engagement with foreign and interagency partners in order to combat terrorism and foster better diplomatic relations, as emphasized in the National Security Strategy. This discussion will focus on cultural self-awareness as it relates to successful cross-cultural education in the military reinforcing the contention that service members need competence that is gained from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *CROSS CULTURE(SOCIOLOGY), *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 19, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Iran's nuclear program has become the major dispute between the Islamic Republic and global powers, led by the United States. This essay identifies the principal elements in any potential agreement, and outlines the steps needed to enhance the opportunity for a successful negotiation. Rapprochement between Tehran and Washington is not only possible, but indeed, desirable.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, *IRAN, *NUCLEAR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 19, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF INTELLIGENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 18, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In 2011, the Obama administration announced that the United States needed to make a strategic pivot in its foreign policy, in which it would downsize the U.S. presence in the Middle East and Afghanistan over the next decade and turn attention to the Asia-Pacific region. The decision to pursue such a strategy was mainly driven by perceptions of a growing triumphalist attitude in the leadership of a rising China and evidence that Chinese leaders would leverage their newfound power to play a much...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR WAR COLLEGE, *ASIA, *DIPLOMACY, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 18, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This article peers through the public veneer of state visits and ministerial meetings to examine China's influence in Africa through trade, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and Official Development Assistance. It argues that successful economic statecraft by China does not threaten any vital American interests, and the United States has several possible responses. Many assess that the increase of China's trade, investment, and developmental assistance from 2000 to 2010 as a means to secure an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV WASHINGTON DC SCHOOL OF ADVANCED INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, *AFRICA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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For roughly two decades, the U.S. Department of Defense has been focused on creating weapons platforms and plans for effects-based operations with the assumption that they can be readily mixed and matched to achieve the desired strategic purpose. As Clausewitz famously argued, however, it is risky for military planners to decontextualize the notion of effects-based weaponry from the most likely political goals politicians will be seeking in the threat and use of force when confronting a peer...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, *CHINA, *CONFLICT, *CRISIS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In January of 2012, the president of the United States endorsed the Department of Defense directive Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership as well as the strategic shift in focus toward the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East. The Secretary of Defense made clear that the U.S. will have global presence emphasizing the Asia-Pacific and the Middle East while still ensuring our ability to maintain our defense commitments to Europe This paper examines the effect of the U.S. policy shift toward Asia...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CENTER FOR ADVANCED DEFENSE ROME (ITALY), *EUROPE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Lawfare is a recently coined term which in its broadest sense refers to the involvement of legal process in modern day warfare. Lawfare can range from litigation in federal or international courts to the exploitation of U.S. Rules of Engagement. It also can be defined as using or misusing law as a substitute for traditional military means to achieve a strategic or operational military objective. This paper examined specific legal cases in which the misuse of legal process was alleged, including...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FLETCHER SCHOOL OF LAW AND DIPLOMACY MEDFORD MA, *AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT, *CASE LAW,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Arab Spring changed the political landscape of the Middle East. Most notable for U.S. foreign policy is the change of leadership in Egypt. The Mubarak regime is out of power, and in its place is a new government led by the Muslim Brotherhood. Egypt's recent history (1882 to Present) provides context to the political and social forces that will impact U.S. foreign policy. Egypt's willingness to continue an economic and security partnership with the U.S. is affected by events such as the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DUKE UNIV DURHAM NC, *EGYPT, *FOREIGN POLICY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), *UNITED STATES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1991 generated a hopeful mood throughout the Western world as the Cold War ended, leaving the United States as the sole superpower. The unipolar era that followed did not bring lasting peace, however, but global uncertainty and persistent conflict. In a short period of time, the mood in the lonely superpower faded in the face of the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the wars that followed in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *DIPLOMACY, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 17, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Renewed interest in the Asia-Pacific region entails greater U.S. responsibilities and involvement in the area's problems. Of all the issues the United States will face in the region, none may involve as many players; legal, economic, and security interests; intricate considerations; historic implications; or persistent, if low key, conflict as the intractable disputes around the Spratly Islands. And none of the issues are probably as poorly understood by U.S. policymakers as the South China Sea...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE, *CONFLICT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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As Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz stated, war is the continuation of politics by other means. The politics inherent in this thinking can be viewed as international relations, diplomacy, or, simply, negotiations. Along these lines, America is known for a forceful, results-oriented negotiating style utilizing war as a quick alternative to negotiated agreement. In this manner, conflicts from World War I and II to the Cold War were not correctly framed. The American negotiating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CHINA, *DIPLOMACY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Diplomacy, development and defense form the three primary pillars of US foreign policy used to engage and shape a global strategic environment. Over the past decade, a variety of critics have noted the lack of US interagency coordination in its international engagement and shaping efforts. This paper contends that although formal interagency structures and processes have improved and do exist at the national and country team level, the lack of an authoritative interagency mechanism at the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S.-Brazil relations have been characterized by friendship for the past two centuries. The two main powers in the Americas have had more similarities than differences in their history, geography, formation of people, beliefs and political values. The U.S. remains the only superpower, but has been facing many challenges in the volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous international scenario. Brazil is consolidating its growth, leading the country to a more significant role on the world stage....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *BRAZIL, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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To explore potential forums, international institutions, and established bi-lateral/multi-lateral institutions in which the United States can coordinate and collaborate with our European partners in the form of the European Union (EU) to influence China's behavior in the future to conform to international norms and avoid future conflict. The EU is China's largest trading partner; its members hold influential seats in multiple international organizations to include the UN Security Council as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *EUROPEAN UNION, ASIA, BALANCE OF POWER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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China's economic rise as a global superpower presents challenges and opportunities to itself and the United States in a strategic competition for global leadership. China has proven thus far the exception to the theory that no socialist system can survive its founding fathers principles and simultaneously prosper as an economic superpower. China's rise requires the attention, respect, cautious concern and cooperative effort of the United States to shape a world of global peace, prosperity and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CHINA, *DIPLOMACY, *GEOPOLITICS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Ensuring effective international engagement in Armenian foreign policy is critical for the implementation of Armenia s National Security Strategy. Peace and international cooperation are significant components of the National Security Strategy of Armenia, and the relationship between Armenia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is essential for the country. Strengthening the relationship between Armenia and NATO will increase the international role and status of Armenia. It will...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMENIA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The East Sea (or South China Sea, SCS) dispute is now the biggest challenge on economy, defense and foreign policy of Vietnam. The dispute has significant impact on the national security and peaceful development of this country. The assessment and resolving of SCS dispute require deepest insights at a strategic level and timeliness of implementation since the situation is becoming increasingly complex and not only related to Vietnam, China, but also other countries in the region and beyond....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIPLOMACY, *VIETNAM, CHINA, FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) has significantly increased its roles, responsibilities, and resources since the beginning of the Global War on Terrorism's operations in September 2001. This resultant growth has complimented, and occasionally competed with, existing U.S. conventional military and other government agencies' security capabilities. The growth of USSOCOM has the potential to collide with the long-standing Department of Defense (DoD) foreign engagement presence in U.S....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *BILLETS(PERSONNEL), *COOPERATION, *DEPARTMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 16, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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China is taking bolder steps to strengthen its position vis-a-vis the United States in South Asia. Chinese involvement in South Asia is mostly focused on the two nuclear countries of the subcontinent, India and Pakistan. After the Cold War, relations among the United States, China and India changed significantly. A new asymmetric triangular formation dominated by the United States depicts the strategic relations in South Asia. China and India both have emerged as the growing powers in Asia....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CHINA, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, *NEPAL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The need for a coordinated interagency approach to the threat posed by terrorist recruitment in the Islamic world existed even before the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. More than a decade passed, however, before the United States established an integrated counterterrorism strategic communications initiative. Countering violent extremism is the primary national military objective specified in the National Military Strategy, the Secretary of Defense s Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership:...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *RECRUITING, *STRATEGIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Sino-Indian relationship has become increasingly complex. Both countries view each other within an extremely sophisticated framework of cooperation and antagonism. Cooperation can be seen in a number of areas including trade, government-to-government relations, and military relations. At the same time, however, ongoing and unresolved problems continue to plague the relationship. Chinese and Indian aspirations to become first regional and then global powers have serious repercussions for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *BALANCE OF POWER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Since the January 2012 combined Tuareg-Jihadist offensive and the March 2012 military coup, the international community had been elaborating a gradual and comprehensive response to the political, military and humanitarian aspects of the Malian crisis. In January 2013, however, France responded to the Jihadist attack against the frontline towns of Konna and Sevare by launching offensive operations against the Salafist bases in Gao, Timbuktu, and Kidal. This unanticipated development has...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *TERRORISM, *WEST...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States faces serious threats from established states, weak and failing states, and non-state actors from around the world. In the current volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous international environment, one in which the U.S. is trying to exercise global leadership, the U.S. government must reform its interagency apparatus to ensure our national security. Effective and efficient interagency coordination is vital to national security. However, the lack of updated or current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION, *NATIONAL SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The National Guard State Partnership Program (SPP) has proven itself to be an efficient and economical program for developing partner capacity. The SPP includes a whole-of-government approach to engagement that includes state-level military, diplomatic, and economic engagement and partnership with the partnered country to develop its capacity and capabilities. The SPP's original focus was aiding the development of partner capacity in Central and Eastern Europe; facilitating several former...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ASIA, *COOPERATION, *EXPANSION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. government, influenced by a secular tradition of separating church and state, is challenged by the intersections between the role of religion in foreign policy and the demand to deal with faith-based tensions and significant conflicts around the world, particularly al-Qaida. The U.S. policy approach to al-Qaida and religious extremism over the last twelve years is an approach that overwhelmingly omits faith-based diplomacy. This paper examines a faith-based policy approach to defeating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIPLOMACY, *FOREIGN POLICY, *RELIGION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Endeavoring to determine the effectiveness of the United States (U.S.) Government's security response to attacks on its diplomatic missions, this thesis examined 11 attacks that occurred between 1979 and 2012. As a result of the researcher's analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, conclusions were made that addressed the significance of: the capability of a receiving nation's government to provide for the protection of a U.S. mission; the willingness of that government to provide...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *DIPLOMATS, *TERRORISM,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States is involved in a global ideological struggle against violent Salafi extremism. In response, both the Bush and Obama Administrations issued counterterrorism strategies that advocated a balanced whole-of-government approach to secure their strategic ends: the defeat of Al Qaida and diminishment of its ideology. Recently, the so called Arab Awakening has created conditions of political uncertainty across the Middle East which has further complicated matters. Unfortunately, the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *IDEOLOGY, *UNITED STATES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Current U.S. National Strategy highlights the importance of shaping activities with other nations and cultivating partnerships around the world. One Diplomatic Tool -- The National Guard State Partnership Program (SPP) -- has been very effective in establishing and strengthening the United States' relationships with other nations. This paper reviews and analyzes national strategy documents, defense and service guidance, SPP history and lessons learned, and the findings of the GAO 2012 study of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *COOPERATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The importance of Africa has increased significantly over the last decade for a variety of reasons, including increased terrorist activities, regional economic concerns, and international migration. Faced with the growing strategic importance of Africa, this paper will examine the strategic policies of the United States and the European Union (EU) towards Africa, and determine what challenges they will face in the Trans-Sahel region over the next 10 years. To accomplish this task, the paper...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *AFRICA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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America is engaged in a struggle for ideas with those who believe in radical Salafi jihadist ideology. Strategic communication is the term widely used to describe American outreach to the globe and to Muslim communities in particular. Since 9/11, American efforts in strategic communication have been highly criticized, much maligned, and perceived as genuinely ineffective. This paper examines the current U.S. national strategic communication organization and policy to determine if they are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COLD WAR, *FIRST WORLD WAR, *IDEOLOGY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Emerging from the nation s recent theater engagements, America must immediately focus on developing a comprehensive strategy to confront Iran. A review of the strategic intellectual framework provided by George Kennan s X-Article is the first step for leaders considering the development of a whole of government approach towards Iran. American policy would be shaped with a hybrid interagency approach of smart and hard power to facilitate the development of a 21st Century X- Article: Iran focused...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIPLOMACY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), *IRAN,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper analyzes the effectiveness of the current U.S. engagement policy with China that has been implemented since 1972. Is the engagement policy an appeasement policy? Is China s rise causing the downfall of the United States? Is this a zero-sum game or does it provide a win-win solution for both sides? The analysis offers historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives from both the U.S. and China s point of view. The current friction points between the two countries are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CHINA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Seven Years' War was the first truly global war but it will forever be recognized in North America as the French and Indian War because of the extensive use of Native American allies by the French from 1754-1758. These irregular forces were needed to offset the massive manpower advantage the British possessed in North America, 1.5 million British colonists to 55,000 French colonists. This thesis examines the complex relationship the French had with their Indian allies who were spread...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *MILITARY HISTORY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Recent worldwide events underscore the urgency of formulating U.S. foreign policy that takes account of the motivations of religious actors. The inability of the government to sufficiently integrate credible religious engagement into its diplomatic tool kit will damage its foreign policy efforts and endanger the security of the nation. Strategic religious engagement is not a luxury the U.S. can afford to ignore. Instead, it is a critical, but often neglected, component of U.S. foreign policy...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DIPLOMACY, *RELIGION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In 2006 Mexican President Felipe Calderon started a war on drugs in a manner unprecedented in Mexican history. Mexico is the current U.S. focus for counter drug efforts, but this focus, marked by an inflexible approach seen by many as ineffective, shifted a great deal of the drug problem to Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Negative second and third order effects from the Mexican war on drugs are destabilizing the strategic environment and threatening democracy as a form of government in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DRUGS, *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, CRIMINAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Southwest border presents a significant threat to U.S. national security. The U.S. government must meet the challenge to secure America's unlocked back door from the dual threat of transnational organized crime and terrorist groups who are working together to enter. The United States is spending billions of dollars and hiring tens of thousands of workers to support the current strategies designed to secure the border. Despite these efforts, the Southwest border remains porous and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *BORDER SECURITY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In an age of shrinking defense budgets and the potential for unforeseen expeditionary operations, the Department of Defense (DoD) needs to proactively develop flexible, adaptable plans for logistics to support the global application of land power into austere theaters. While the need for an expeditionary response capability will remain, DoD resources will dwindle in the near-term. A better system can be designed by proactively planning to support strategic logistics operations. An interagency...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DISTRIBUTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This is not the proper moment to afford the luxury to hold off and not secure a strategic partner like Russia. While the United States will concentrate its efforts in the Asia-Pacific, Europe is not yet consolidated as an entity and thus unable to confront with old issues in the proximity of its borders. It is about the frozen conflicts in the WBSR which reactivated could produce instability and consequently create an extra-burden on western world in an inappropriate moment of economic crisis....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIPLOMACY, *GEOPOLITICS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Arab Spring revolutions in the Middle East are creating a new, complex environment with significant ramifications for both regional and international players. The family of Syrian President Bashar al Assad and its loyalists have ruled the country since 1970, oppressing the Sunni majority. In March 2011, opposition groups rebelled against the regime, with the conflict now entering its third bloody year. Faced with a continuously escalating and increasingly ambiguous situation on the ground...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DIPLOMACY, *FOREIGN POLICY, *SYRIA, *UNITED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In a constrained fiscal environment, a shift toward offshore balancing as grand strategy may require exercising military, diplomatic, economic, and political measures similar to those that historically contributed to rising anti-foreign sentiment among the populace subject to the consequences of those measures. The risk of such a strategy and the accompanying means for its success may manifest themselves only when the offshore military forces actually come onshore. The need for forward basing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The foreign policy of the United States is built on the three Ds: development, diplomacy and defense (3Ds). The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the lead development agency; the Department of State (DOS) leads on diplomacy; and the Department of Defense (DOD) leads on defense issues. The 3D approach provides to the United States Government (USG) an opportunity to use a collective set of responses to tackle global security challenges. The 3D approach recognizes that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The end of the Cold War and collapse of the USSR opened the door to a remapping of the borders between states and the formation of new ones in Europe and Asia. The Balkans, with all of its diversity and ethnic divisions, was a suitable ground for turbulent changes. Serbia, together with Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) on April 27, 1992 as a successor to the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia, and with that they inherited the problem of Kosovo and Metohija....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ETHNIC GROUPS, *HISTORY, *KOSOVO, *SERBIA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 15, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Since the end of the Cold War, the United States has dominated warfare within the physical domains. However, this success has not translated into dominance of the information environment, despite increased emphasis and funding. If dominating the information environment is vital to achieving our national strategic objectives, the current U.S. approach is inadequate. The United States must not pay lip service to the importance of information, it must treat it with the same regard that it treats...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *DIPLOMACY,...
One of the most significant foreign policy dilemmas for the United States is the current stalemate with the Islamic Republic of Iran. The history of U.S.-Iran relations, since the CIA orchestrated coup of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq in 1953, is one of mutual distrust and policy error. Although successive American presidents since Iran's 1979 revolution have tried to improve relations, each effort failed because both sides refused to adjust the context through which they viewed the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In 2002 Pres. George W. Bush proclaimed that the twenty-first century would be the Asia-Pacific Century. While I am not sure he was the first person to use that phrase and it has been often used by others over the past 10 years for those of us who study the region and/or have more than a casual familiarity with the region, the proclamation rings true. In a November 2011 article in Foreign Policy magazine, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton went so far as to say, The future of politics will be...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *ASIA, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This monograph examines how well U.S. President Harry S. Truman was prepared for the Potsdam Conference (17 July to 2 August 1945), which is seen as a crucial turning point in modern history. A review of his preparation before the conference and his actions during the conference reveals whether Truman had a strategy with achievable objectives. The monograph argues that Truman did have a strategy for the Potsdam Conference, which was coordinated with Roosevelt's former advisors, the Department...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Since its founding in 1949, the People s Republic of China (PRC) has employed military force in defense of China s security and territorial integrity. In many such instances, Beijing implemented a calculus of threat and retaliation signals intended first to deter an adversary from taking actions contrary to Chinese interests by threatening the use of military force and, if deterrence failed, to explain and justify Beijing s resort to military force. This deterrence calculus was applied in each...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *CHINA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 14, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Understanding why the Second Seminole War took 7 years to reach termination is significant for modern operational planners, since creating conditions for conflict resolution is the purpose of Unified Land Operations. By looking at the campaigns of the Second Seminole War through the lens of operational art, one can better understand how the arrangement of tactical actions either furthered or hindered the government's removal policy. Setting conditions favorable to conflict resolution required...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 13, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Due to an arguably decreased likelihood of total war and the recent focus on the reduction of collateral damage, the techniques used to affect maritime trade in past conflicts become less likely to be used and less desirable strategically. Without the willingness or ability to sink shipping on a large scale, it seems the modern merchant fleet is less vulnerable to the effects of maritime trade warfare. However, this paper argues that effective and timely use of modern capabilities and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT, *CHINA, *CYBERWARFARE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 12, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States began expanding its engagement with Burma (Myanmar) in 2009, which went largely unnoticed outside of the Asian studies community. Burma's cautious political opening and pursuit of cease fire agreements to end decades-old ethnic rebellions presented an opportunity for the United States to pursue engagement to advance the Obama administration's Asia policy of linking the United States economically and militarily with East and South Asia. Burma's geographic location, resources,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *BENGAL BAY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 12, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The South China Sea is in danger of sparking armed conflict among several nations claiming sovereignty over its islands and waters. Due to relationships the United States has with countries in the region and the risk to freedom of navigation, any conflict here is likely to compel U.S. involvement. As it would involve two nuclear powers, the consequences of a China-United States military conflict would be globally significant and long lasting. Recent actions by the United States are giving the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL, *CHINA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Sep 10, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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More than a year has passed since the last air mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization s (NATO) Operation Unified Protector concluded. In just over seven months, the Western-led air campaign (see figure below), initiated in response to a United Nations Security Council resolution (UNSCR) to protect Libyan civilians, allowed a ragtag group of rebels to bring about the defeat of a well-armed military and the downfall of a dictatorship that spanned more than 40 years. Since the end of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AERIAL WARFARE, AIR POWER,...
U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-19983
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-3011
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-92209
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-85519
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-124274
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-159659
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-99012
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-178366
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-114296
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-69586
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-75249
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-250202
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U.S. State Department
Apr 2, 2016 State Department
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State Dept cable 1974-156411
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