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Acquisition data under pin the management and oversight of the U.S. defense acquisition portfolio. However, balancing security and transparency has been an ongoing challenge. Some acquisition professionals are not getting the data they need to perform their assigned duties or are not getting the data and information in an efficient manner. To help guide the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) in addressing these problems, the RAND Corporation identified access problems at the OSD...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McKernan,Megan, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The time from initiation of the project (15-July-2015) until the first experiments could be conducted (January, 2016) was devoted primarily to obtaining IACUC approval (October 30, 2015), the subsequent ACURO approval (December 31, 2015),hiring new personnel, conducting baseline testing for procedures not involving animals, testing equipment, developing detailed experimental design, conducting required training and testing of all personnel, and setting up all necessary accounts. Beginning in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Adler,Martin W, Temple University of the Commonwealth System Philadelphia United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Integrative Cardiac Health Project (ICHP) aims to lead the way in Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Prevention by conducting novel research utilizing a Systems Biology / personalized medicine design to discover and develop practical, effective and preemptive integrative approaches in order to detect and combat CVD earlier before it affects the quality of life. ICHPs ultimate goal is to translate our evidenced-based research findings for application into clinical practice. A translational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vernalis,Marina N, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This Coastal and Hydraulics Engineering Technical Note (CHETN) describes the use of a nested Coastal Modeling System (CMS) model for Passage Key Inlet, which is one of the connections between the Gulf of Mexico and Tampa Bay in southwest Florida (Figure 1). CMS was used to examine any potential impacts of a proposed borrow site on tidal currents, wave climate, or wave-driven sediment transport at Passage Key Inlet. This analysis resulted in issuing a new Florida Department of Environmental...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Legault,Kelly R, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Vicksburg United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In this reporting period, we performed the following tasks: A) Enhanced Named Entity Recognition Capabilities: We have enhanced the Named Entity Recognition (NER) capabilities of Scraawl by incorporating (i) part-of-speech tagging using GATE, (ii) enhancing the gazetteers with multilingual entities, and (iii) adding multi-lingual name matching capabilities. These capabilities will be made available in Scraawl advanced analytics no later than the end of August, 2016. B) Delivered Scraawl Version...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Savas,Onur, Intelligent Automation Incorporated Rockville United States, Natural...
In 2011, a sunken vessel was discovered by divers near San Clemente Island, CA. It was conjectured by fellow divers that the vessel was a Squaw target that had been used in underwater nuclear testing. This report was prepared to address possible future concerns by members of the public in the event that the vessel that was discovered is one of the Squaw targets used during Operations WIGWAM and HARDTACK-I. The report describes the use of the three Squaw targets during underwater nuclear...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Egbert,Stephen, Leidos, Inc Reston United States, hazards, contamination, radiation,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Beta radioisotope energy sources, such as tritium (3H), have shown significant potential in satisfying the needs of an energy-driven world. The drawbacks of current beta source compounds include low beta-flux power, intrinsic isotope leakage, and beta self-absorption. The figure of merit for a tritiated compound is the input power or specific surface activity of the thin layer (Ci/cm2) where an optimal portion of incident beta particles are penetrating the semiconductor depletion region. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Russo, J, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD ADELPHI United States, tritium, Radioisotope...
On the second day of the Gulf War in 1991, U.S. defense officials claimed that air strikes the previous night had dealt a crippling blow to Iraqs small nuclear weapons program, though later analysis would find the program to be much larger than, and not as damaged as, it appeared. In March 1993, the South African government announced that it had not only researched the means to build nuclear weapons, but had in fact constructed a handful of the devices and then voluntarily disassembled them all...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gordon,Brian J, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, Deception, nuclear...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to present preliminary data regarding the use of videography to estimate Silver Carp burst swimming speeds. The authors document the use of videotaped Silver Carp leaping behavior as a means of estimating, in-situ, burst swimming speeds, fish leap height, and horizontal distance traveled during a leap.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Parsons,Glenn R, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Vicksburg United...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a porcine collagen matrix (CM), with or without the addition of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in the treatment of Miller Class I, II or III recession defects. This will be a prospective, single-blinded, randomized, split-mouth study. One defect will receive CM+EMD (test), while the other will receive CM (control) alone. MethodsThe treatment of 30 similarly sized Miller class I, II or III recession defects on single-rooted teeth using...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barth,Christopher T, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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To provide successful immediate-term treatment of PCa, and to prolong or prevent the need for androgen deprivation therapy and its lethal corollary, castrate resistant prostate cancer. We will integrate two paradigm-shifting Georgetown-Lombardi technologies (TMFS/network pharmacology and CRCs) to discover and test repurposed drugs that target PCa on an individual patient basis. Objective 1: We will enrich the FDA-approved drug database to include world-wide approved and experimental drugs and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Albanese,Chris, Georgetown University Washington United States, prostate cancer,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The chain of command for Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs) is short and straight. In most cases, responsibility and authority is limited to, and rises up, from the Program Manager, to the Program Executive Officer, to the Service/Component Acquisition Executive and, for ACAT ID programs, to the Defense Acquisition Executive. Other staff and organizations provide support and advice. MDAP Milestone A, B, and C reviews require the submission of an independent cost estimate. The Air Force...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FARRELL,SUZANNE, AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States, cost...
Emerging powers have recently become significant players in promoting peace and stability in unstable settings affected by conflict and violence. These countries have the experience, capabilities, and legitimacy to support counterpart governments seeking to build security and safety in their societies. What is more, the High Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (HLP) has emphasized the need for peace operations to become more people centered. This is an important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Giannini, Renata, Igarap Institute Rio de Janeiro Brazil, brazil, united nations,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As the Alzheimers disease field moves to studies and intervention trials in the preclinical phase and early prodromal period, it will be necessary to measure everyday function in an increasingly more sensitive and sophisticated way to capture more subtle impairments. One approach to increasing sensitivity in functional measures is to use performance based instruments, such as the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment (UPSA), in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or mild Alzheimers disease (AD)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Goldberg,Terry E, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research Manhasset United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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For fiscal year 2017, DOD plans to spend more than $38 billion on information technology to support thousands of networks and millions of computers and other electronic devices connected to its networks. In August 2010, the Secretary of Defense announced an initiative, the JIE, to consolidate infrastructure in order to improve mission effectiveness, achieve savings, and improve network security.A Senate Armed Services committee report included a provision for GAO to evaluate JIE. GAOs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Harris,Carol C, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Veterans who are taking prescription opioids for chronic pain and are engaging in risky drinking are at heightenedrisk for drug interactions, including overdose and other negative effects, particularly if they are also usingbenzodiazepines. In this application, we propose to test an adaptive prevention intervention, designed to reducerates of risky drinking in veterans receiving prescription opioids to treat their chronic pain. This adaptive,patient-centered intervention provides clinical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McKay,James, Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling regulates key reproductive events via TGFBR1/TGFBR2. To determine potential effect of overactivation of TGFB signaling in the oocyte, we generated a mouse model containing a constitutively active TGFBR1 using growth differentiation factor 9 (Gdf9)-Cre (i.e., TGFBR1-gCA). Follicle counting demonstrated that the number of primordial, primary, and secondary follicles was reduced in TGFBR1-gCA ovaries compared with controls at P7. Concomitantly,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Li,Qinglei, Texas A and M Agrilife Research College Station United States, ovarian...
A comprehensive understanding of thrombus formation as a physicochemical process that has evolved to protect the integrity of the human vasculature is critical to our ability to predict and control pathological states caused by a malfunctioning blood coagulation system. Despite numerous investigations, the spatial and temporal details of thrombus growth as a multicomponent process are not fully understood. Here, we used computational modeling to investigate the temporal changes in the spatial...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Govindarajan,Vijay, ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND MATERIEL COMMAND FORT DETRICK MD FORT...
The Joint Aircraft Survivability Program (JASP)-V-14-05 was a collaborative, 3-year Joint Aircraft Survivability (Joint Live Fire-Air) project to develop a lightweight, low-power, acoustic, fire-suppression system. This report documents the background, mechanisms research, and prototype development for JASP-V-14-05. We found that the strongest influence on the flames mass flux was the magnitude of oscillatory air movement experienced by the flame. Acoustic perturbations were imposed on flames...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Friedman,Adam, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United States,...
Key principles needed for the rational design of thermosetting monomer crystals, in order to control the melting point, have been elucidated using both theoretical and experimental investigations of cyanate esters. A determination of the thermodynamic properties associated with melting showed that the substitution of silicon for the central quaternary carbon in the di(cyanate ester), 2,2-bis(4-cyanatophenyl)propane, resulted in an increase in the entropy of melting along with a decrease in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Guenthner, Andrew J, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL/RQRP Edwards AFB...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a fatal disorder characterized by immune-mediated destruction of hematopoietic stem and progenitorcells.1 Immunosuppressive therapy and allogeneic BMT have significantly improved the survival of severe AA.However, relapse still occurs in approximately 35 of AA patients when immunosuppressive therapy iswithdrawn.2,3 Furthermore, GVHD remains a major barrier to the success of allogeneic BMT.4,5 Memory T cells maypresent a significant barrier to the success of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zhang,Yi, Temple University Philadelphia, United States, lymphatic system,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The ultimate goal of this project was to develop a model of a flight control strategy that is effective in simple as well as complex environments. Through a series of behavioural and anatomical investigations, we have made much progress in elucidating the flight control strategies and visual specialisations that allow insects, with their miniature brains and limited sensory systems to fly safely through cluttered natural environments. The most significant findings have been that the tropical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Baird,Emily, Lunds Universitet Lund Sweden, xray computed tomography, collision...
The National Science Foundation operates the Greenland Inland Traverse (GrIT) to resupply Summit Station, which is situated at the peak of the Greenland ice cap. Prior to its springtime departure from Thule Air Base in northwest Greenland, GrITs Strategic Crevasse Avoidance Team (SCAT) conducts ground-penetrating-radar (GPR) surveys along the first 100 km of the route to chart a safe course around subsurface crevasses that could jeopardize the safety of vehicles and personnel. We deployed the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lever,James H, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH HANOVER United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Army Science Planning and Strategy Meeting on The Fog of Cyber War took place on January 78, 2016, at the US Army Research Laboratory's Adelphi Laboratory Center. The meeting examined the theoretical foundations of the fog of cyber war concept for Army battlefield operations. The workshop identified several key research questions associated with this concept:1) What theoretically grounded models can help characterize the complex tradeoff inherent in radical dispersion of information among...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kott,Alexander, US Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, cloud computing,...
The project focuses on characterizing Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) responses in the underwater setting through numerical and experimental studies with the objective of obtaining a better understanding of the impact of underwater environments on EMI marine systems deployed to detect and characterize buried munitions. Based on the results of this project, we conclude that underwater detection and characterization of buried metal using EMI based sensor is feasible. While the conductive seawater...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Billings,Stephen, Black Tusk Geophysics, Inc. Vancouver Canada, electromagnetic...
A precisely controlled quantum system may reveal a fundamental understanding of another, less accessible system of interest. A universal quantum computer is currently out of reach, but an analogue quantum simulator that makes relevant observables, interactions and states of a quantum model accessible could permit insight into complex dynamics. Several platforms have been suggested and proof-of-principle experiments have been conducted. Here, we operate two-dimensional arrays of three trapped...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mielenz,Manuel, Albert-Ludwigs Universitat Freiburg Freiburg Germany, quantum theory,...
Around 35 of Persian Gulf War soldiers suffer from the Gulf War Illness (GWI). Exposure to organophosphates (OP) is thought to underlie GWI. Disruptions in Ca2 homeostasis are found in many neurological conditions, but has not been studied in GWI. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to various diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP) dose to approximate GW OP exposures. We observed depressive symptoms and cognitive deficits at 3-mos post DFP exposures. At this time-point, acutely isolated CA1neurons...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Deshpande, Laxmikant S, Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report summarizes the findings of an exploratory team of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Information Systems Technology panel into Content-Based Analytics (CBA). The team carried out a technical review into the current status of theoretical and practical developments of methods, tools, and techniques supporting joint exploitation of multimedia data sources. In particular, content-based information retrieval and analytics was considered as a means to allow military experts to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boury-Brisset,Anne-Claire, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United...
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Twenty refereed publications were published during the award period. Many of the publications were based on data from the 2009-2011 NPAL Philippine Sea experiments funded by ONR Grant N00014-08-1-0840, Fourteen of these publications appeared in the Special Issue on Deep-water Ocean Acoustics in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (Vol. 134, No. 4, Pt. 2 of 2, October 2013).
Topics: DTIC Archive, Worcester,Peter F, University of California San Diego La Jolla United States, Oceans,...
These briefing charts discuss the accreditation process, accreditation timeline, and activities to date.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Niemeyer,Debra M, 59 MDW/ST JBSA LACKLAND United States
This is the final report for a project that was in a series of projects on the development and validation of the EPICcognitive architecture for modeling human cognition and performance. This project focussed on extending thearchitecture to account for sound and speech phenomena, with emphasis on multichannel speech comprehension ina simple command-and-control task for which considerable empirical data is available. Additional work concerned application of the EPIC architecture to Navy research...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kieras, David E, University of Michigan Division of Research Development Ann Arbor...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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We have investigated a range of equilibrium and non-equilibrium many-body phenomena, trapping ultracold atomic gases indifferent geometries including both 3 and 2 spatial dimensions, and with both the conventional harmonic trap and a newly developed box trap. With the 3d harmonic trap, we observed a new superheated Bose-condensed gas which remains condensed above the expected critical temperature, and performed one of the first studies of the strongly-interacting unitary Bose gas. With the 2d...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hadzibabic,Zoran, University of Cambridge Cambridge United Kingdom, bose einstein...
Abrasion is an important consideration for the potential release of nanoparticles during the service life of a nanotechnology. This SOP presents a general method for abrading a material using a rotating sample platform in contact with a weighted sandpaper fixture. Particles collected with this method are analyzed with a condensation particle counter (CPC) and a fast mobility particle sizer (FMPS), with additional particles collected on in-line filters for further analysis. The abrading process...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ramsey,Monica A, Environmental Laboratory,U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development...
The Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB) tasked the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) to conduct an operational assessment of reserve component (RC) forces in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), from the years 2003 to 2011. IDA was to identify data that could be used to quantify RC performance, and where comparative analyses could be conducted. Enterprise-wide performance data was not captured by the Department of Defense (DOD), yet IDA was able to analyze data associated with mobility,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Adams,Joseph, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA ALEXANDRIA United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This research investigated filamentation in, and modification of, dielectric solids by multi-chromatic ultrashort laser pulses. It was a theoretical effort to develop models of multi-chromatic laser-material interactions in bulk solids and couple these to pulse propagation simulations. The research developed techniques to control filamentation and the onset of laser-induced bulk damage with multi-chromatic pulses. This included controlling modification and filamentation in solids using...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gulley,Jeremy, Kennesaw State University Kennesaw United States, dielectrics, laser...
To effectively monitor human performance biomarkers, we applied electrokinetic preconcentration technique of the biomarkers onto patterned graphene-modified\ electrodes in a nanochannel by frequency-selective dielectrophoresis using the molecular dam operation. Low copy numbers of human performance biomarkers can be enriched several orders of magnitudes and detected in tens of seconds. Employing this methodology and electrochemical detection, we have demonstrated the ultrafast and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chou,Chia-Fu, Academia Sinica Taipei Taiwan, air force personnel, measurement,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The effort developed a comprehensive approach for determining software epistemology which significantly advances the state of the art in automated vulnerability discovery. The approach applies an analytic sieve concept and a novel hashing scheme to a large corpus of open-source software to mine information that indicates the presence of pre- and post-fix conditions in program control flow, fully exploiting the hierarchy of abstraction and richness of data produced by the artifact extraction...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Opper,Jeffrey M, THE CHARLES STARK DRAPER LABORATORY, INC. Cambridge United States,...
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Adequately capturing lessons learned from noncombatant evacuation operations is crucial to improving this inherently joint and interagency effort. As the lead federal agency for the evacuation of U.S. citizens from areas of natural disaster, civil unrest, or other large scale emergency situations, the Department of State should also take the lead in conducting after action reviews and capturing lessons learned following NEOs. This work seeks to determine the current processes and capabilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Titus,Jeffrey M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
This protocol has been used to train veterinary technicians and one investigator on clinically useful procedures such as medication techniques and anesthesia methods for mice and pigs. A total of 4 hours of training were delivered to 3 students.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Grayson,John K, 60 MDG CIF Travis AFB United States, Anesthesia, mice, swine,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The objective of the proposed study is to translate SPECT/CT imaging to patients with lower extremity amputation and subsequently evaluate the utility of non-invasive imaging for evaluating the impact of next-generation socket technologies on the health of the residual limb. It is hypothesized that SPECT/CT imaging will provide a highly sensitive, non-invasive tool for clinicians to assess changes in microvascular perfusion elicited by next-generation prosthetic socket technologies and that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dearth,Christopher L, The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military...
The goal of this project is to define the biomarker profile of TBI-associated cognitive impairment (CI) in veterans and compare it to that of veterans with Alzheimers Disease (AD) and to age-matched controls. Our overall hypothesis is that TBI-associated CI involves a unique biomarker profile that has features distinguishable from AD and normal aging. Specifically, we hypothesize that: 1) patients with TBI associated CI will have higher phospho-tau/total tau ratio than controls who have not had...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yaffe,Kristine, Northern California Institute for Research and Education CONTRACTING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Obesity, which induces low-grade inflammation, is a known risk factor for worse prognosis in many cancers including breast. We found that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) produced by sphingosine kinases (SphKs) plays a critical role in obesity-related inflammation and breast cancer. Obesity increased S1P in the tumor microenvironment, as well as in the primary tumors. FTY720, a functional antagonist of S1PR1, dramatically decreased cancer progression by reducing expressions of SphK1 and S1PR1, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIV RICHMOND, *BREAST CANCER, *OBESITY, CELLS(BIOLOGY),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this paper is to explain briefly the use of a certain equation which will allow us to compute the velocity Vm when the dimensions of the inlet and its bay, together with the tidal range of the outside sea, are known. No attempt will be made to derive the equation other than to point out that it is obtained by eliminating a single variable between two equations which have been previously derived by Colonel Earl I. Brown in a paper entitled Inlets on Sandy Coasts in the Proceedings...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Escoffier,Francis F, United States Engineer Office Mobile United States,...
Cell swelling and blebbing has been commonly observed following nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) exposure. The hypothesized origin of these effects is nanoporation of the plasma membrane (PM) followed by transmembrane diffusion of extracellular fluid and disassembly of cortical actin structures. This investigation will provide evidence that shows passive movement of fluid into the cell through nanopores and increase of intracellular osmotic pressure are not solely responsible for this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thompson,Gary L, General Dynamics Information Technology JBSA Fort Sam Houston United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease in which tumor cells (LAM cells) proliferate and destroy healthy lung tissue, leading to respiratory compromise or failure. Vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D) is generated by LAM cells and is a robust biomarker for LAM disease activity and therapeutic response. Studies in the laboratory of Dr. D'Armiento suggest that imatinib mesylate (imatinib) could completely block the growth of LAM cells through initiation of targeted cell death....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Strange,Charlie, Medical University of South Carolina Charleston United States,...
In this paper, we introduce a new networking architecture called Group Centric Networking (GCN) that is designed to support the large number of devices expected with the emergence of the Internet of Things. GCN is designed to enable these devices to operate collaboratively in a highly efficient and resilient fashion, while not sacrificing the users? ability to communicate with one another. We do a full protocol implementation of GCN in NS3, and verify GCN in emulation and on real hardware...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kuperman,Gregory, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LEXINGTON United States,...
Alumina (aluminum oxide, Al2O3) has many favorable properties but is challenging to make transparent because of its anisotropic crystal structure. To combat the anisotropy, magnetic alignment of the particles can be used to minimize the change in index of refraction from grain to grain, thus reducing light scattering and allowing for transparency. Density functional theory results indicated that adding a rare-earth (RE) dopant enhanced the magnetic anisotropy of the alumina crystals, making...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moorehead,Carli A, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ABERDEEN PROVING...
This technical report presents simulation and experimental hardware development of pulsed modulated microwave/radio frequency electronic control circuitry for control of electron/nuclear spin states of qubits/quantum memory applicable to semiconductor, superconductor, ionic and superconductor-ionic hybrid technologies. As the pulse quality and need for development of single pulses with very high quality will impact directly the coherence time of the qubit/memory, we present as an example the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nayfeh,Osama, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific San Diego United States,...
This study tested and evaluated a group-based predeployment stress inoculation training (PreSTINT) program designed to help deploying personnel better cope with combat-related stressors and mitigate the negative behavioral effects of trauma exposure. Army personnel undergoing a regular predeployment combat training regimen were randomized into experimental and control groups by platoon. Experimental groups received battle breathing skills training and control groups received a stress management...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HOURANI,LAUREL, Research Triangle Institute Durham United States, traumatic stress...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This research develops a statistical model for predicting the number of leads, as an indicator of market depth, that a ZIP code will produce for Navy Recruiting Command (NRC). The U.S. Navy recruits from all over the country, using previous accessions in a recruiting district to assign recruiters and goals. This research develops statistical models to determine the key drivers of the number of leads at the ZIP code level. This research develops a Poisson regression model to predict the number...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Monaghan,Emilie M, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, NAVAL PERSONNEL,...
comprehensive set of autonomous, ice-ocean measurements were collected across the Canada Basin to study the summer evolution of the ice-ocean boundary layer (IOBL) and ocean mixed layer (OML). Evaluation of local heat and freshwater balances and associated turbulent forcing reveals that melt ponds strongly influence the summer IOBL-OML evolution. The areal expansion and drainage of melt ponds resulted in a substantial increase in upper ocean heat storage (39 MJm-2) and development of the summer...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gallaher,Shawn G, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, MARGINAL ICE...
This work describes the characterization of a novel gel-casting system using a water-soluble co-polymer of isobutylene and maleic anhydride (trade name ISOBAM). This system enables ceramic slurries to gel at very low binder concentrations (0.30.5 wt ), producing a dense, near-net-shaped green body with high solids loading, low organic content, low shrinkage, and moderate strength. The effect of both binder content and solids loading on gel time and mechanical strength of green bodies is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moorehead, Carli A, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD United...
A coaxial carbon nanotube/manganese oxide material (3DNC/MnO2) was fabricated by coating manganese oxide on silicon pillar array assisted three-dimensional network of carbon nanotubes (3DNC), which could be used as an electrode for supercapacitors. The 3DNC provides not only a conductive framework for deposition of MnO2, but also sufficient voids for ionic diffusion, which are benefit for the electrochemical performance. Compared with the CNTs/MnO2 on bared silicon substrates (2DNC/MnO2), the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lee,Haiwon, Hanyang University Seoul, carbon nanotubes, nanotechnology, capacitors,...
For most military analysts, the term deterrence brings to mind the notion of nuclear deterrence. We think of how two opposing states attempt to deter their adversaries through creating a balance of weapons, telegraphing their intentions, and establishing themselves as a credible threat. We think of the Cold War, and the standoff between the Soviet Union and the United States. However, in this Letort Paper, Dr. Mary Manjikian raises the intriguing notion that the best analogy when thinking about...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Manjikian,Mary, Army War College -Strategic Studies Institute Carlisle United States,...
The purpose is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 200 U OnaBoNT-A injected into the detrusor versus oral oxybutynin for the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) caused by neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in spinal cord injured volunteers; and (2) To determine the potential role of urine biomarkers as patient selection and surrogate endpoints of treatment outcome predictors. Thirty-six patients will be randomized to two treatment groups. The first patient was enrolled to the study at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Christopher P, Baylor College of Medicine Houston United States, proteins,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A multimodal MRI, MRS and MEG (magnetoencephalography) design is employed in cohorts of boys with XYY, who are symptomatic for ASD and control cohorts of idiopathic ASD (ASD-I) and typical development (TD). Targeted recruitment for year 1 totaled 30 enrolled. At the point of this report, 25 subjects have been enrolled, 5 were eliminated for not meeting inclusion criteria upon clinical assessment, 19 have completed data acquisition, and 1 is pending imaging completion. Three of the 19 are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ross, Judith, Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia Philadelphia United States, autism,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Time needed to develop and field new military capabilities is becoming an increasingly serious problem. Among other things, development times have steadily increased. In this paper, we attempt to structure the schedule estimating problem, present some initial results, and propose a research agenda to improve schedule estimating. Accordingly, we seek preliminary answers to the following questions. What is the current state of the art for estimating acquisition program schedules?What should it...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Franck,Raymond, U.S. Air Force Academy USAFA United States
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Naval Medical Research and Development News is a publication of the Naval Medical Research Center, 503 Robert GrantAvenue, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20910.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Naval Medical Research Center Silver Spring United States, INFECTIOUS DISEASES,...
Chinas meteoric rise has captured the attention of the United States. Adding to the complexity is China has successfully made inroads in Latin America. This reality has strategists and policy-makers at odds with one-another with respect to formulating a policy for addressing the growth of Chinese influence in Latin America. The concern is whether the rise of China and its increasing presence in Latin America signals a challenge to the influence of the United States in the Western Hemisphere....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barron,Benito J, Joint Advanced Warfighting School Norfolk United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Aviation operations and pilot enabling technologies are increasingly sophisticated and expensive. The result is fewer but more capable aircraft requiring highly skilled aviators. While these emerging technologies greatly improve aircraft performance and enhance mission capabilities, they require much more technologically oriented aviators to manage the systems and still fly the aircraft. The emerging gap and the weakest link is in selecting and retaining the most skilled pilots. Thus, it is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Robb,Jeffery M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Since 1997, DOD has been required to prepare audited financial statements. However, long-standing and pervasive financial management weaknesses have precluded DOD from being auditable. The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2010 mandated that DOD develop and maintain a plan that among other things, describes the actions needed to ensure that its consolidated financial statements are audit ready by September 30, 2017.The Senate report accompanying the NDAA for Fiscal Year...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cordrey,William J, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC...
With the goal of replacing methylene dianiline (MDA) in PMR-15 (polymerizable monomeric reactant), which is a known toxin to humans, a thermally stable, polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxane (POSS) dianiline, which features an aromatic periphery, was copolymerized as a drop-in replacement. The chain length of the experimental oligomers was varied to study effects of cross-link density and nadic endcap concentration. The resultant oligomers were characterized for various neat resin and composite...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lamb, Jason T, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL/RQRP Edwards AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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PEO GCS requested AMSAA to conduct a verification and validation (V and V) of the Whole System Trade Analysis Tool (WSTAT). In the early stages of the V and V for development risk, it was discovered that the original risk rating and methodology did not actually represent development risk, because consequences were not considered (only likelihood). As a result, an appropriate development risk methodology needed to be created for the intended WSTAT applications. In addition to incorporating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nierwinski,John, U.S. Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity Aberdeen Proving Ground...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S. sanctionsand U.S. attempts to impose multilateral and international sanctionshave been a significant component of U.S. Iran policy since the 1979 revolution. The objectives of U.S. sanctions have evolved over time. In the 1980s and 1990s, U.S. sanctions were intended to try to compel Iran to cease supporting acts of terrorism and to limit Irans strategic power in the Middle East more generally. Since the mid-2000s, U.S. sanctions have focused on ensuring that Irans nuclear program is for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, foreign...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The DroidSafe project developed effective program analysis techniques and tools to uncover malicious code in Android mobile applications. The core of the system is a static information flow analysis that reports the context under which sensitive information is used. The DroidSafe project invested significant time developing a comprehensive semantic model of Android run-time behaviors alongside the analysis to achieve acceptable precision, accuracy, and scalability for real-world Android...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Perkins,Jeff, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge United States, computer...
Our overarching strategy is to exploit three large neuroimaging/neurobehavioral datasets to identify brain-imaging based biomarkers for Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD). At Yale, we focus on determining if brain networks are influenced by genetic factors and if these genetic factors also influence other traits associated with ASD. Specifically, we will provide heritability estimates and test for pleitropy between putative ASD functional and structural networks and cognitive and behavioral traits....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Glahn,David C, Yale University New Haven United States, biological markers,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Introduced early into the course of PTOA, electromagnetic energy may have the benefit of maintaining function in highly active individuals. Thus, electromagnetic fields are particularly suited to young active populations and for the military, in whom, PTOA is an unfitting condition and for whom joint replacement is an unsuitable salvage option. If successful, electromagnetic energy will maintain joint function and avoid surgery. The benefits to retain ones own joint are obvious. Electromagnetic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bulinski,Chloe, Columbia University in the City of New York New York United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As the Department of Defense (DOD) places increased emphasis on a smaller, skilled workforce, Human Capital and Social Capital (HC and SC) preservation become more important. The revolving door is an efficient but politically charged HC and SC preservation method. How are retired military second careers framed, and how should we understand them? What HC investments does the DOD make in officers, and what use is that investment to second-career employers? How large is the revolving door, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hammond,Devin K, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, officer personnel,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States government, through the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, has established clear guidelines that limit the acceptability of orbital debris fragments striking the surface of the Earth. This thesis addresses both the survivability of the soon-to-be-launched NPSAT1 satellite on its eventual reentry into the earths atmosphere, and any potential risk to the human populace that may result. After reviewing the history of tracking objects in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stroup,James C, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, space debris, small...
The Shack-Hartmann Electron Densitometer is a novel method to diagnose ultrashort pulse laser produced plasmas by measuring the phase change to a probe laser beam. Free electrons in a plasma cause distortions to the phasefront of a probe laser that is measured through a lenslet array onto a camera. This method allows for superior performance in measuring minute variations in the electron density in 2 dimensions with sub picosecond time resolution. The data taken demonstrated the ability to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Valenzuela,Anthony R, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ABERDEEN PROVING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Much of the work on quantum networks, both entangled and unentangled, has been about the uses of quantum networks to enhance end-host security. The most famous such application, of course, is quantum key distribution (QKD), detecting eavesdroppers and creating shared, secret random numbers for use as encryption keys (Bennett and Brassard, 1984). Typically the study of these applications involves information theoretic analysis of the amount of information that an attacker can glean from the use...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van Meter,Rodney, KEIO UNIVERSITY Fujisawa Japan, repeaters, security, vulnerability,...
Prior phase I protocols demonstrated water and the hind limb as the preferred medium and location in the animal model. Phase II demonstrated increased tissue damage from pulsed lavage, and a beneficial effect from amputation above the zone of blast injury. Phase III was designed to investigate effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication and external beam radiation on development of HO; prior studies served as the control group in order to limit animal numbers.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pellegrini,Vincent Jr D, Medical University of South Carolina Charleston United...
This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts associated with the long-term integrated management of mission-generated solid waste at Edwards AFB, California. Currently, all non-housing nonhazardous solid waste from daily operations at Edwards AFB are disposed of at the Main Base Active Landfill (MBAL). Several alternatives addressing long-term management of solid waste are evaluated, including closure of the MBAL, reducing operating days at the MBAL, and increasing the permitted...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Civil Engineer Group, Environmental Management Division Edwards AFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Economic activity can both induce and reduce political violence. We have shown that both insurgents and government respond to rising levels of investment by increasing engagement, with violent consequences. We have explored the economic and social benefits of counterinsurgency by the Philippine military, how it can be optimally conducted, and what the effects are on both combatants and civilians.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kapstein ,Ethan, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. Cambridge United States,...
Increasingly, the need for creativity and creative thinking is being stressed within the Army and all branches of service. The Army has officially recognized that creative thinking can and will help soldiers and leaders prepare to meet the challenges of an ambiguous future operating environment. The Command and General Staff Officers' Course (CGSOC) prepares field grade officers to operate at increased levels of responsibility, therefore this study employs a qualitative narrative analysis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Michaelson, Sean P, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...