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Defense Technical Information Archive
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Obesity, which induces low-grade inflammation, is a known risk factor for worse prognosis in many cancers including breast. We found that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) produced by sphingosine kinases (SphKs) plays a critical role in obesity-related inflammation and breast cancer. Obesity increased S1P in the tumor microenvironment, as well as in the primary tumors. FTY720, a functional antagonist of S1PR1, dramatically decreased cancer progression by reducing expressions of SphK1 and S1PR1, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIV RICHMOND, *BREAST CANCER, *OBESITY, CELLS(BIOLOGY),...
This document presents the results from an analysis of the impact of urban geometry on the transport of prompt radiation from a simulated low-yield nuclear device in the National Capital Region. The objective of the work was to use high-fidelity models of radiation propagation to quantify the attenuation and scattering caused by an urban landscape. The results are based on simulated data from the propagation of prompt photons and neutrons emitted from a 10-kiloton fission device, detonated at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kramer, Kevin, Applied Research Associates, Inc. Arlington United States, nuclear...
Sustained unilateral hand clenching alters perceptual processing and affective/motivational state, presumed to reflect increased hemispheric activity contralateral to the side of motor movement. Data from electroencephalographic and imaging studies are contradictory regarding the relationship between sustained hand clenching and brain activity. To investigate relationships between brain activity, sustained unilateral hand clenching, and changes in affect and perceptual processing, frontal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Propper,Ruth E, Montclair State University Montclair United States, infrared...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As marine winds strengthen, wave breaking becomes increasingly widespread. This has important consequences, both for offshore operations and geophysically, yet wave breaking is not included in present marine forecasts. This project addressed the challenge of incorporating wave breaking physics into coupled sea state marine weather forecasting models. The aim was to add accurate wave breaking and sea spray forecasts to the standard suite of forecast sea state variables, for sea state conditions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Banner,Michael L, Univesity of New South Wales Sydney Australia, water waves, wave...
Effective and efficient mapping of permafrost subsurface composition at scales relevant to the design and maintenance of horizontal and vertical infrastructure has been a long-standing challenge. Of utmost utility would be the development of standoff measurement techniques that could discern at the meter to submeter spatial scale and up to 10 m into the subsurface the presence or absence of ice features. Ground-based geophysical measurement techniques, including ground penetrating radar,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barrowes,Benjamin E, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) Hanover...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In this project, we incorporated motion capture devices, 3D vision sensors, and EMG sensors to cross validate multimodality data acquisition, and address fundamental research problems of representation and invariant description of 3D data, human motion modeling and applications of human activity analysis, and computational optimization of large-scale 3D data.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fu,Yun, NORTHEASTERN UNIV BOSTON MA BOSTON United States, data acquisition, MOTION,...
We analyze a variant of the whereabouts search problem, in which a searcher looks for a target hiding in one of n possible locations. Unlike in the classic version, our searcher does not pursue the target by actively moving from one location to the next. Instead, the searcher receives a stream of intelligence about the location of the target. At any time, the searcher can engage the location he thinks contains the target or wait for more intelligence. The searcher incurs costs when he engages...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Atkinson,Michael, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
This report surveys the debate over the requirements for a new congressional authorization for the use of military force (AUMF). It captures the results of two workshops, an extensive literature review, and consultations with senior experts and practitioners in the executive branch and Congress. The first of the two RAND-organized workshops, in November 2014, brought together experts on the global threat environment to examine the evolution of the terrorist threat and its likely trajectory. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chivvis,Christopher S, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica,...
The Director, Total Force Planning and Requirements, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness (OUSD[P and R]), asked the RAND Corporation to undertake a study titled Facilitating Military-to-Civilian Conversions. The objective of this research project was to identify the primary impediments to converting military positions to government civilian positions and to recommend changes to statutes, policies, and/or business practices that would facilitate these conversions....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lewis,Jennifer L, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, military personnel,...
In the face of growing anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) challenges, the United States must posture airpower to accomplish missions while under intense and persistent attack. In other words, U.S. air forces must have operational resilience: the capacity to withstand attack, adapt, and generate sufficient combat power to achieve campaign objectives in the face of continued, adaptive enemy action. Although several analytic efforts at RAND and elsewhere have studied selected elements of Air Force...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hagen,Jeff, RAND Project AIR FORCE Santa Monica United States, MODELS, Resilience,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Access control of information objects is complicated by the need to establish a common set of access requirements, bind those access requirements to the information object, and compute whether or not the criteria are met for allowing access. An information object can be an e-mail, a Word document, a spreadsheet, or a series of sensor readings. In the simplified case, objects that need to be controlled will be stored in an encrypted file. The file will be decrypted when access criteria are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Simpson,William R, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria United States, computer...
U.S. military installations have a long history of partnering with municipalities and other government organizations. The purpose of this study was to clarify the appropriate use and potential value of public-to-public partnerships (PuPs) to Department of Defense (DoD) installations, identify barriers to their cost-effective application, and recommend ways to overcome these barriers. The objectives also included providing an overview of existing installation PuPs, including their purposes and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lachman,Beth E, RAND Arroyo Center Santa Monica United States, military facilities,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Operation RESTORE HOPE, a U.S.-led peace enforcement operation conducted in Somalia under United Nations (U.N.) auspices from December 1992 to May 1993, offers many lessons that are applicable to a range of possible challenges in the future. Unlike peacekeeping operations, which rely on the consent and good will of the parties to a dispute, peace enforcement operations involve the show or use of military force in an armed conflict to separate combatants and create, maintain, or reinstate a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Harned,Glenn M, Army War College -Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Active Protection Systems (APSs) are subsystems integrated into or installed on a combat vehicle to automatically acquire, track, and respond with hard or soft kill capabilities to a variety of threats, including rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) and anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). APS technologies are not new, and a number of nations have already employed APS on the battlefield. The U.S. military is now beginning to include APS as part of its formal combat vehicle modernization plans and, if...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Feickert,Andrew, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, weapons...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Terrorist bombings and earthquakes provide valuable insight on the types of injuries that may occur in an improvised nuclear device (IND) scenario. Review of blast events provided information on injuries from overpressure, tumbling, debris, burn, and crush injuries. Data from eighteen case studies based on 432 bombings revealed 16,699 different injuries among 6,554 casualties. Injury types included wounds, fractures, and burns. Body areas typically involved the head and neck, extremities, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dant,Tyler, Applied Research Associates, Inc. Arlington United States, wounds and...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Supplier selection plays a key role in the context of supply chain management. As recent emphasis has been placed on supply chain resilience, so too should such emphasis be placed on resilient suppliers. In particular, this work evaluates how different suppliers enable the supply chain to withstand the impacts of a disruption and return performance to a desired level in a timely manner. The primary measure of supply chain performance is taken to be availability, or the extent to which the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barker,Kash, University of Oklahoma Norman United States, Supply chain management,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The time from initiation of the project (15-July-2015) until the first experiments could be conducted (January, 2016) was devoted primarily to obtaining IACUC approval (October 30, 2015), the subsequent ACURO approval (December 31, 2015),hiring new personnel, conducting baseline testing for procedures not involving animals, testing equipment, developing detailed experimental design, conducting required training and testing of all personnel, and setting up all necessary accounts. Beginning in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Adler,Martin W, Temple University of the Commonwealth System Philadelphia United...
Applying price indexes presents a challenge in estimating the costs of new defense systems. An inappropriate price index can introduce errors in both development of cost estimating relationships (CERs) and in development of out-year budgets. In this paper we apply two sets of price indexes to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter procurement program, both to help cost analysts understand the impacts of different price indexes and to provide guidance in their choice. We approach this problem via hedonic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Horowitz,Stanley, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria United States, Price...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Hunter,Andrew, Center for Strategic and International Studies Washington United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The overall goal of this paper is to continue our efforts to forge new ground in identifying the effects of interdependencies in large complex networked applications and, if needed, uncovering early indicators of interdependency risk so that appropriate risk mitigation actions may be taken. Specifically, we seek to study and quantify the impact of network characteristics on cascading risk. Cascading risk is defined as the propagation of programmatic issues across networked programs due to the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Raja,Anita, Office of Acquisition Resources and Analysis, OUSD (AT and L) Washington...
Performance-based logistics (PBL) is growing in popularity for both governmental and nongovernmental acquisitions of critical systems. These contracts allow the customer to buy the performance of the system rather than purchase the system and/or to buy the availability of the system rather than pay for maintenance. Outcome-based contracts, which include PBL, are highly quantified satisfaction guaranteed contracts where satisfaction is defined by the outcomes received from the system (i.e., the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lei,Xin, University of Maryland, College Park College Park United States
The Department of Defense (DoD) acquisition workforce is growing rapidly, and the need to align tasks to job positions and competencies with individuals to ensure positions are filled with the best fitting candidate is extremely important. DASN RDT and E has funded NPS on a multi-year project to lead a multi-agency working group in the development of a Systems Engineering Career Competency Model (SECCM). The current phase of the SECCM development project is heavily focused on the verification...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Whitcomb,Clifford, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, systems...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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59 participants have been enrolled in this research study. 33 subjects have been found to have hypofunction.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Serrador,Jorge M, Veterans Biomedical Research Institute East Orange United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Argentina, a South American country with a population of almost 43 million, has had a vibrant democratic tradition since its military relinquished power in 1983. Current President Mauricio Macrithe leader of the center-right Republican Proposal (PRO) and the candidate of the Lets Change coalition representing center-right and center-left partieswon the 2015 presidential race and was inaugurated on December 10, 2015. He succeeded two-term President Cristina Fernndez de Kirchner, from the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sullivan,Mark P, Congressional Research Service Washington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This research aims to develop fundamental theories and practical algorithms for distributed, robust, and real-time learning in dynamic tactical networks. The overall objective is to significantly move the frontiers of knowledge in stochastic learning in the classic multi-armed bandit by systematically relaxing traditionally adopted restrictive assumptions.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zhao,Qing, University of California - Davis Davis United States, network topology,...
U.S. airlines have successfully used Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA) parts and designated engineering representative (DER) repairs to decrease the cost of their aircraft engine maintenance. These parts and repairs are provided by third-party companies and are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration to be airworthy and interchangeable with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) parts or repairs. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) operates many commercial-derivative engines in its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chenoweth,Mary E, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This research explored the potential for backward lasing from natural constituents in air with the objective of developing revolutionary methods for standoff detection of trace gases. Backward lasing enables far-field monitoring through modulation methods. The approach utilizes the very high gain available from multiphoton pumping of atomic species, which can be created by the dissociation of molecules in air. Lasing has been demonstrated from oxygen, nitrogen and water vapor. In each of these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miles,Richard B, The Trustees Of Princeton University Princeton United States,...
A coaxial carbon nanotube/manganese oxide material (3DNC/MnO2) was fabricated by coating manganese oxide on silicon pillar array assisted three-dimensional network of carbon nanotubes (3DNC), which could be used as an electrode for supercapacitors. The 3DNC provides not only a conductive framework for deposition of MnO2, but also sufficient voids for ionic diffusion, which are benefit for the electrochemical performance. Compared with the CNTs/MnO2 on bared silicon substrates (2DNC/MnO2), the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lee,Haiwon, Hanyang University Seoul, carbon nanotubes, nanotechnology, capacitors,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 20 16 (is always abbreviated as IEEE 12MTC 2016 or12MTC 2016) is the flagship conference of IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society. In 2016, the Conference attracts more than 235 attendees from 41 countries/areas. There were 1 plenary talk, 2 keynotes, 16 tutorials and 294 papers presented during the Conference. 12MTC 2016 included new technical activities, the industry sessions, special talks which highlighted the issues of paper...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hwang,Chi-Hung, National Applied Research Laboratories Taipei Taiwan, measurement,...
We have developed robust low-magnetic-field implementations of MRI (LFI) focused on brain imaging with two complimentary test scanner systems: electromagnet and permanent magnet based. We have also developed injury-sensitive MRI based on the detection of free radicals associated with injury using the Overhauser effect and subsequently imaging that modified nuclear polarization using low-field MRI (OMRI). We have optimized imaging sequences, image reconstruction, and parallel imaging based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rosen,Matthew S, Harvard University Cambridge United States, magnetic resonance...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Israels security has significant relevance for U.S. interests in the Middle East, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Israel. This report focuses on the following: Recent dynamics in U.S.-Israel relations and security cooperation; Addressing regional threats Israel perceives, including via a new memorandum of understanding on U.S. military aid to Israel; Current domestic political issues; Some Israeli-Palestinian developments.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zanotti,Jim, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, Israel, Foreign...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Current Navy plans call for achieving and maintaining a fleet of 308 ships of certain types and numbers. Some observers have advocated increasing the Navys force-level goal to about 350 ships. The Navy is currently conducting a force structure assessment (FSA), and some observers anticipate that this FSA will lead to a new Navy force-level goal of more than 308 ships, although not necessarily 350 ships. The Navys actual size in recent years has generally been in the range of 270 to 290 ships....
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, naval...
Since the 1960s, the United States has deployed nuclear weapons on three types of strategic delivery vehicles collectively known as the strategic triad. The triad comprises the sea-based leg (submarine-launched ballistic missiles), ground-based leg (intercontinental ballistic missiles), and airborne leg (nuclear-capable heavy bombers). As a result of arms control agreements and strategic policies, the number of U.S. nuclear weapons and strategic delivery vehicles has been reduced substantially;...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kirschbaum,Joseph W, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Why GAO Did This StudyBurn pits help base commanders manage waste generated by U.S. forces overseas, but they also produce harmful emissions that military and other health professionals believe may result in chronic health effects for those exposed. Section 313 of the NDAA for FY 2015 requires the Secretary of Defense to review DOD compliance with law and guidance regarding the disposal of covered waste in burn pits. DOD submitted a report on the results of its review in March 2016.Section 313...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, waste management,...
Chinas meteoric rise has captured the attention of the United States. Adding to the complexity is China has successfully made inroads in Latin America. This reality has strategists and policy-makers at odds with one-another with respect to formulating a policy for addressing the growth of Chinese influence in Latin America. The concern is whether the rise of China and its increasing presence in Latin America signals a challenge to the influence of the United States in the Western Hemisphere....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barron,Benito J, Joint Advanced Warfighting School Norfolk United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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State responses to trans-national terrorism have long included law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services. Only recently have soft power elements been brought to bear to encourage jihad abandonment. Several nations implement a variety of deradicalization or disengagement programs aimed at preventing future attacks, either by convincing a radical to abandon his or her radical ideology (de-radicalize) or merely to abstain from future attacks (disengage). Though individual program...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hayter,Christopher N, National Defense University Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navys shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years. The apparent end of the post-Cold War era and the transition to a new international security situation featuring renewed great power competition has intensified concerns among some observers regarding the current and future size and capabilities of the Navy. The Navys...
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Contemporary reactions to Russian aggression advance the notion that the U.S. and its western allies should internationally and economically isolate Russia while increasing the alliances hard power projection to contain and deter further aggression. This advancement is a polarizing pendulum swing in response to the perceived failure of the 2009 Reset of relations between U.S. and Russia. With an understanding of Russian strategic culture and national interests in mind, this thesis offers that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nieman,Craig M, Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk United States, international...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The tactical applications (TacApps) teams initial analysis of the Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3) has focused on setting up a BCS3 demo environment, analyzing BCS3 software code, ingesting available documentation, and understanding the specific data feeds upon which the National Enterprise Data Portal (NEDP) component of the BCS3 depends. Also included is an analysis of the Global Combat Support System Army data integration. The NEDP data feeds are typically delivered via flat...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Arnold ,Ross, ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER PICATINNY...
The Joint Aircraft Survivability Program (JASP)-V-14-05 was a collaborative, 3-year Joint Aircraft Survivability (Joint Live Fire-Air) project to develop a lightweight, low-power, acoustic, fire-suppression system. This report documents the background, mechanisms research, and prototype development for JASP-V-14-05. We found that the strongest influence on the flames mass flux was the magnitude of oscillatory air movement experienced by the flame. Acoustic perturbations were imposed on flames...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Friedman,Adam, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United States,...
All-source analysts collaborate with each other on various information requirements. They receive different types of information from various collators, integrate and relate those information items to produce intelligence, and then share the new intelligence items with their peers. In this report, the authors describe Sharik (SHAring Resources, Information, and Knowledge), a web-based tool aimed at supporting collaborative sense making among all-source intelligence analysts in distributed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ghajar-Khosravi,Shadi, DRDC Toronto Research Centre Toronto, Ontario Canada, software...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In the Navys current austere financial environment, the Composite Warfare Commanders (CWCs) are being forced to do more with less. Reduction in funding translates to fewer assets and infrequent training opportunities yielding inadequacy in specific warfare areas under the CWCs purview. Specifically, with a diminishing cruiser fleet and sporadic career-long training, Air and Missile Defense Commanders (AMDC) are struggling to keep up with the increasingly complex art of the mission set. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Enos,Matthew L, Naval War College Newport, United States, air defense, naval...
A series of organizational changes within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) since the Cold Wars end arguably fostered a devolution of focus on the nuclear enterprise. This culminated with inexcusable incidents that questioned the credibility of the United States nuclear enterprise. Through a content analysis of reports, directives, and historical documents with interviews of Department of Defense (DoD) personnel, this research found that the organizational changes drove a dissolution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ortiz,Marc Anthony C, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WPAFB United States,...
Supply chain workers make observable, preventable errors while completing their assigned tasks in the shipping process. Previous research has indicated that individuals with a greater grasp of their work and better system knowledge are less likely to commit interpretation errors. We believe worker-performance may, likewise, be affected by an individuals knowledge of why and where they fit into a larger system defined as mission knowledge. To assess our research objectives, we conduct a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miller,Allen R, AFIT WPAFB United States, supply chain management, Supply depots,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Optical properties of hybrid nanoparticles consisting of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles coupled to gold (Au) nanoparticles, were examined both theoretically and experimentally. This work was performed to establish if confined light fields in the form of the localised surface plasmon resonance of the gold component of nanoparticle hybrids could enhance nonlinear emission by several orders of magnitude from the Au-ZnO nanoparticle system, which required experimental synthetic advances. A distinct...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Waclawik,Eric, QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY BRISBANE Australia, nanoparticles,...
A novel self-sensing framework, utilizing embedded cyclobutane-based mechanophores, was developed for identifying damage precursors and propagation. The novel 'smart' material was incorporated into a thermoset polymer matrix and the color change phenomenon was observed under compressive loading. The smart material based polymer system was used to construct glass fiver reinforced composites to investigate the performance of the composite under cyclic loading; the correlation between fluorescence...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chattopadhyay,Aditi, ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY TEMPE United States, POLYMER MATRIX...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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While Moore's Law theoretically doubles processor performance every 24 months, much of the realizable performance remains untapped because the burden falls to the (less informed) domain scientist or engineer to exploit parallel hardware for performance gains. Even when such untapped hardware potential is fully realized, it is often not coupled with advances in algorithmic innovation, which can deliver further (multiplicative) speed-up beyond Moore's Law, as noted in the AFOSR BAA. In this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Feng,Wu-Chun, VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND STATE UNIVERSITY BLACKSBURG United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Current research at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) investigates the realm of the possible and provides insight into future force structures. DARPA is pursuing critical breakthrough technologies to enable a dispersion of assets while maintaining concentrated effects. In particular, this article presents breakthrough research in disaggregated capabilities, hypersonic strike weapons, and directed energy. These capabilities will be essential for operations in anti-access/area...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Calhoun,Paul, USAF Test Pilot School Edwards AFB United States, defense systems,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This memorandum provides a brief introduction to finite rate chemistry in the framework of large eddy simulation for compressible flow fields. Particular emphasis is placed upon the filtered reaction rate expression through the use turbulent chemical closure terms. The Eddy Break-Up model is an example of this type of closure term. Within the multiphase physics computer code LESLIE3D, these algorithms are tested on a gas phase acetylene combustion problem and on a shock wave initiated droplet...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nance,Douglas V, Air Force Research Laboratory Eglin AFB United States, flow fields,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Air Operations Center-Weapon System (AOC-WS), AN/USQ-163 Falconer, the senior element of the Theater Air Control System, is the weapon system the Commander, Air Force Forces provides the Combined/Joint Force Air Component Commander (C/JFACC) for planning, executing and assessing theater-wide air and space operations. The C/JFACC provides air, space and cyber support to the Combined/Joint Forces Commander (C/JFC) by coordinating, deconflicting and assessing the progress of various weapon...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hill,Don, AIR FORCE LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT CENTER HANSCOM AFB MA HANSCOM AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Through PEPFAR and DoD resources, the US Department of Defense provides the worlds largest source of HIV assistance to militaries and works with a worldwide cadre of military HIV experts to combat the harm that HIV inflicts on the health and readiness of the worlds military populations. Encouraging sustainability through the development of local capacity and expansion of facilities remains an important priority for DHAPP.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hess,Stephanie, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA SAN DIEGO United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Under this project, UCLA researchers have developed new methods for filtering, prediction and system identification in adaptive optics for high energy laser systems including phased arrays. The research has concentrated on wavefront prediction in digital holography. The methods developed can achieve significant improvements in on-target Strehl ratios and tracking jitter for phased array high energy laser systems. The main contribution of the research is a state-space prediction filter that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gibson,Steve, University of California Los Angeles United States, adaptive optics,...
This project had as its aim to carry out targeted numerical and experimental studies into the properties of optical frequency comb sources. The generation of frequency combs is intimately connected with the nonlinear spectral broadening that occurs in optical fibers due to the Kerr effect, and our initial work focussed on fundamental studies examining the sensitivity of such nonlinear spectral broadening to input noise, and the development of techniques to reduce such noise with the presence of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dudley,John, Universite De Besancon Besancon France, fiber optics, four wave mixing,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report studies how changes in job location for active duty members of the US military affect the earnings of their civilian spouses. Previous research has found that military spouses have lower earnings and employment than people with the same age, sex and education who are married to civilians, and that having experienced more military moves in the past is associated with lower spousal earnings. But military spouses may differ from civilian spouses along other dimensions that also affect...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Burke,Jeremy, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States,...
This thesis deals with Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) Battalion Task Force (Bn TF) training cycle. It focuses on how the SAF is conducting the infantry and multifunctional Bn TF training. In particular, it deals with mission and mission essential task list (METL) selections, which guide the whole process. The author decided on this topic because SAF has not had a lot of experience in this field, and the experience that SAF has is very different from one training cycle to another. This topic is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Avsec, Ales, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The JOMIS Program will modernize, deploy, and sustain the Department of Defense's (DoDs) operational medicine information systems by fielding the DoD Modernized Electronic Health Record (EHR) solution while developing and fielding new theater capabilities to enable comprehensive health services to deployed forces across the range of military operations. The JOMIS Program is under the executive management and oversight of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evans,Claire, Department of Defense Rosslyn United States, information systems, test...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Distributed Common Ground System Army (DCGS-A) is the Army Service component of the DoD DCGS Family of Systems and the Defense Intelligence Information Enterprise. DCGS-A is the Army's primary system for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) tasking of sensors, posting of data, processing of information, and using intelligence information about threat, weather, and terrain at all echelons. DCGS-A provides the capabilities necessary for Commanders to access information, task...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Collins,Robert M, U.S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground United States, military...
The objective of the Anbar Awakening project was to create an unclassified resource for trainers and educators. It is presented in multimedia to accommodate different teaching and learning styles. The project presents the Awakening movements phases from the development of the insurgency in 2003 to the Coalitions transfer of responsibility for Al Anbar to the Iraqis in 2008. In addition, it offers analysis and lessons, many of which are transferrable to current and future conflicts.This document...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Knarr,William, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria United States, combat...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) logisticians and logistics advisors faced a difficult problem set in transferring operational-level logistics tasks to the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF) after US President Richard Nixon announced his Vietnamization Policy. US logisticians had to sustain combat operations while retrograding US personnel and equipment, transferring materiel to the RVNAF, and handing over logistical tasks. The RVNAF grew rapidly in size and complexity...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Betson,Andrew P, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
This paper explores the operational and strategic effects of the 2007 Iraq Surge on tactical units using Task Force 4-31 IN as a case study. By mid-2006, Iraq was moving toward Civil War promoting a change of strategy. President George Bush announced the reimagined strategy in January 2007 sending General David Petraeus to oversee operations in Iraq. By the time Petraeus left Iraq 18 months later, the security situation in Iraq had improved significantly and there was hope for political...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fawley,Darrell III E, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Throughout history, states have used different recruitment methods to raise armies. Some of those methods have been successful and some have failed disastrously. This study examines four historical cases to explore underlying patterns that help explain what makes different means of recruitment effective, focusing on the key social factors that are pertinent to raising an army. Using the backdrop of RAND researcher Brian Nichiporuk's competitively multipolar world, this study offers analysis on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brender,Lance B, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) has embarked on an ambitious change program called Future 35, which aims to establish a fully integrated defense force based on an amphibious task force capability by 2035. As part of this program, the NZDF introduced the Total Defence Workforce initiative in 2011. Total Defence Workforce created a number of adverse impacts on NZDF personnel, which damaged the overall readiness and effectiveness of the force. This thesis first examines the impact of Total...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brandon,Ian, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Distributed consensus in the Wasserstein metric space of probability measures was the primary topic of investigation under this project. Convergence of each agent's (or nodes) measure to a common probability measure is proven under a weak networkconnectivity condition. The common measure reached at each agent is one minimizing a weighted sum of its Wasserstein distance to all initial agent measures. This measure is known as the Wasserstein barycenter. Special cases involving Gaussian...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bishop,Adrian, National ICT Australia Limited Everleigh Australia
United States National Security Strategy and Department of Defense (DoD) joint doctrine recognizes that the complexity of the contemporary operational environment requires the United States to pursue whole-of-government solutions that integrate civil-military interagency cooperation. In particular, the military requires the expertise of interagency partners in stability operations. Army doctrine recognizes that interagency synchronization occurs at all echelons, although it has yet to fully...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Denn, William III J, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Tactical Mission Command (TMC) is a family of systems with an enduring mission to provide mission command computing capabilities to Army commanders and their staffs, consisting primarily of a user-customizable Common Operating Picture (COP) enabled with real-time collaboration. These capabilities, together with Voice-Over-Internet-Protocol, combine to provide real-time situational awareness and decision support capabilities across the formation (battalion through Army Service Component...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tisch,Robert, U. S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground, department of defense, test and...
The Department of Defense Information Network (DODIN) is being threatened by state actors, non-state actors, and continuous hacking and cyber-attacks. These threats against the network come in a variety of forms; physical attacks from radio jamming, logical cyber threats from hacking, or a combination of both physical and logical attacks. Each year the number of hacking attacks is increasing. Corporations like Symantec publish annual reports on cyber threats and provide tips for best practices...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bailey, Scott M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
The purpose of the Anbar Awakening project, and the five volumes that document its findings, is to tell the story of Al Anbars Sahawa.1 In doing so, it will show that there were a number of poorly understood or little known developments throughout Al Anbar Province, Iraq between 2003 and 2008 that significantly contribute to the overall Awakening story. It takes the reader before and beyond the better known 14 September 2006 Sahawa pronouncement of Sheikh Sattar Albu-Risha and events in Western...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Knarr,William, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA ALEXANDRIA, combat...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report summarizes SIGARs oversight work and updates developments in the three major sectors of Afghanistans reconstruction effort from July 1 to September 30, 2016.* It also includes an essay on the status of Afghan women across six key development sectors: security, political and economic participation, justice, health, and education. The essay is the product of a fact-finding mission in which SIGAR analysts interviewed notable female Afghan government officials and civil-society leaders...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction Arlington United States,...
Google Android and Apple iOS ecosystems differ fundamentally, largely because of their parent companies 'different business models. However, the platforms' tools and protections appear to be converging: Android is adopting run-time permissions requests, which iOS has used for years; both are incorporating stronger encryption.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yerukhimovich,Arkady, Massachusetts Institute of Technology -Lincoln Laboratory...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States Army needs to bring social media misuse awareness to every professional leader in the Army. Within the past year, the Army began taking steps to bring awareness to this topic but it is going to take a change in leadership in order for this to occur. Army leaders need to ensure competent, ethical subordinate leaders are aware of Soldiers social media usage, and how misuse can affect the unit's culture and climate. Soldiers are now using social media to harass fellow Soldiers...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wallace,Melinda A, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
National security especially when dealing with the employment of military power to pursue national objectives has been a more complex issue in the post-Cold War era. The issue has drawn animated debates centered on international non-aggressive behavior in international affairs. Botswana, like all other nations, is caught in this dilemma in determining the prudent development and deployment of its national military to achieve foreign policy objectives. Since the collapse of the apartheid epoch...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moshagane, Magosi S, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Current Navy plans call for achieving and maintaining a fleet of 308 ships of certain types and numbers. Some observers have advocated increasing the Navys force-level goal to about 350 ships. The Navy is currently conducting a force structure assessment (FSA), and some observers anticipate that this FSA will lead to a new Navy force-level goal of more than 308 ships, although not necessarily 350 ships. The Navys actual size in recent years has generally been in the range of 270 to 290 ships.
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, aircraft...
This thesis explores the colonial origins of the citizen-soldier through the study of the colony of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations during the French and Indian War. The common picture of the American citizen-soldier is that of the militiaman during the American Revolution; however, the most over looked aspect to the citizen-soldier heritage is that of the provincial soldier during the French and Indian War. The Rhode Island militia served as the pool to draw provincial recruits for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, York, Amoreena L, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how the century of humiliation plays a role in the formulation of China's overarching grand strategy. Recently, a number of scholars disagree on the extent to and ways in which China is influenced by its history and culture. Gerrit Gong argues that history offers value to what individuals and countries remember and what they forget. From the context of psychological and historical perspectives, this study is anchored using a psychological...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Williams,Christopher B, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Aviation operations and pilot enabling technologies are increasingly sophisticated and expensive. The result is fewer but more capable aircraft requiring highly skilled aviators. While these emerging technologies greatly improve aircraft performance and enhance mission capabilities, they require much more technologically oriented aviators to manage the systems and still fly the aircraft. The emerging gap and the weakest link is in selecting and retaining the most skilled pilots. Thus, it is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Robb,Jeffery M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...