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DOD uses both military depots and contractors to maintain many complex weapon systems and equipment. Recognizing the key role of the depots and the risk of overreliance on contractors, Section 2464 of Title 10 of the U.S. Code requires DOD to maintain a core maintenance capabilitya government-owned and operated combination of personnel, facilities, equipment, processes, and technology. Section 2464 requires DOD to provide a Biennial Core Report to Congress that includes information for the next...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, weapon systems,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Veterans who are taking prescription opioids for chronic pain and are engaging in risky drinking are at heightenedrisk for drug interactions, including overdose and other negative effects, particularly if they are also usingbenzodiazepines. In this application, we propose to test an adaptive prevention intervention, designed to reducerates of risky drinking in veterans receiving prescription opioids to treat their chronic pain. This adaptive,patient-centered intervention provides clinical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McKay,James, Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia United States,...
This study tested and evaluated a group-based predeployment stress inoculation training (PreSTINT) program designed to help deploying personnel better cope with combat-related stressors and mitigate the negative behavioral effects of trauma exposure. Army personnel undergoing a regular predeployment combat training regimen were randomized into experimental and control groups by platoon. Experimental groups received battle breathing skills training and control groups received a stress management...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HOURANI,LAUREL, Research Triangle Institute Durham United States, traumatic stress...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Adequately capturing lessons learned from noncombatant evacuation operations is crucial to improving this inherently joint and interagency effort. As the lead federal agency for the evacuation of U.S. citizens from areas of natural disaster, civil unrest, or other large scale emergency situations, the Department of State should also take the lead in conducting after action reviews and capturing lessons learned following NEOs. This work seeks to determine the current processes and capabilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Titus,Jeffrey M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As the Department of Defense (DOD) places increased emphasis on a smaller, skilled workforce, Human Capital and Social Capital (HC and SC) preservation become more important. The revolving door is an efficient but politically charged HC and SC preservation method. How are retired military second careers framed, and how should we understand them? What HC investments does the DOD make in officers, and what use is that investment to second-career employers? How large is the revolving door, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hammond,Devin K, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, officer personnel,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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So began the testimony of General Barrow before the Senate Armed Services Committee in June 1991 regarding his opinion on women in combat during which he gave his ultimate conclusion: women can't do it and there is no military need to put women into combat. (footnote 2) That is about to change. In the wake of women successfully integrating into submarines and graduating from Army Ranger School, an additional--and heretofore underappreciated--factor is poised to alter the women in combat debate:...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Letendre, Linell A, U.S. Air Force Academy Air Force Academy United States, COMBAT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Mobility is a key element of the US Army's ability to project its forces globally. Getting personnel and equipment in position to operate effectively for long periods requires a variety of systems to work together. There are three means the Army relies on for strategic mobility: airlift, sealift, and pre-positioning. Each of these modes has advantages and disadvantages which allow them to complement each other. This paper is limited to the study of strategic sealift as it supports deployment...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Thompson,Matthew K, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Emerging powers have recently become significant players in promoting peace and stability in unstable settings affected by conflict and violence. These countries have the experience, capabilities, and legitimacy to support counterpart governments seeking to build security and safety in their societies. What is more, the High Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (HLP) has emphasized the need for peace operations to become more people centered. This is an important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Giannini, Renata, Igarap Institute Rio de Janeiro Brazil, brazil, united nations,...
Passive hearing protectors, capable of attenuating both continuous and impulsive noise, were designed to protect the hearing of individuals exposed to a variety of impulsive and continuous noise like gunfire, explosions, vehicles, and machinery. Preservation of ambient listening capabilities and situational awareness is necessary for many military operations. The 3M Combat Arms Generation 4.0 Tactical Military Shooter's Ear Plugs were assessed for: continuous noise attenuation, impulsive peak...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gallagher,Hilary L, Ball Aerospace Technologies Dayton United States, hearing...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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AMSARA has provided the Department of Defense with evidence-based evaluations of accession medical standards since 1996. As part of this ongoing research activity, data are collected from each services Disability Evaluation System (DES). AMSARAs mission was expanded in fiscal year (FY) 2009 to include audits and studies of existing DES by the request of the Office of Assistant Secretary of Defense, Health Affairs. The Disability Evaluation System Analysis and Research Annual Report includes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boivin,Michael R, WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH SILVER SPRING MD SILVER SPRING...
RAND hosted two workshops, in May and October 2015, that brought together key stakeholders, including representatives from federal agencies, private-sector companies, and research organizations, to collaborate and share ideas to improve veterans employment opportunities. Through these workshops, we sought to explore solutions to key challenges to veteran employment identified in previous RAND research, Veteran Employment: Lessons from the 100,000 Jobs Mission (www.rand.org/t/RR836). Another...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Batka,Caroline, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, veterans (military...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of a PBPT intervention for the prevention of disability in ADSM who sustain an MSI during deployment in support of combat operations on a carrier. This includes testing the feasibility of the implementation and documenting psychological risk factors aboard two carriers. We have successfully completed the training of the control carrier.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weiser-Horwitz,Sherri, New York University New York United States, Physical fitness,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Through PEPFAR and DoD resources, the US Department of Defense provides the worlds largest source of HIV assistance to militaries and works with a worldwide cadre of military HIV experts to combat the harm that HIV inflicts on the health and readiness of the worlds military populations. Encouraging sustainability through the development of local capacity and expansion of facilities remains an important priority for DHAPP.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hess,Stephanie, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA SAN DIEGO United States,...
This thesis deals with Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) Battalion Task Force (Bn TF) training cycle. It focuses on how the SAF is conducting the infantry and multifunctional Bn TF training. In particular, it deals with mission and mission essential task list (METL) selections, which guide the whole process. The author decided on this topic because SAF has not had a lot of experience in this field, and the experience that SAF has is very different from one training cycle to another. This topic is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Avsec, Ales, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The new military retirement system is advertised to significantly reduce the Department of Defenses (DOD) monetary outlays over the short and long term. These savings are generated through a variety of assumptions outside of the departments control. The variables that have the greatest impact over cost savings are controlled by service members (SM) actions, choices, and federal interest rates. Critical analysis of these variables could potentially affect future cost savings and is key in budget...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hanlon,James C, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Over the past thirty years, ground combatants have experienced tremendous increases in lethality, survivability, and resilience compared to soldiers of old. All of these increases are a direct result of improved understanding of how human beings operate, particularly under the stress of deadly threat. This improved training revolution began in the 1980s with the human performance movement, driven by an Army Research Institute study on enhancing human performance. The results of these studies...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wittke,Andrew N, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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OVERVIEW: This multi-informant, longitudinal investigation of Army National Guard families experience of deployment project focuses on a) the negotiation and management of family roles during deployment cycles, and b) on the impact of technology-based communication during deployment on later psychological distress and role functioning. PROGRESS TO DATE: Recruited 47 families with federal funding for a total of 106 since proposal submission. Completed 68 deployment and 233 reintegration data...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wadsworth,Shelley M, Perdue University West Lafayette United States, deployment,...
Residual limb health and comfort of any person with limb loss of all levels is crucial to achieving maximum prosthetic use and function. There is currently inadequate data substantiating the impact of interface design on socket comfort, residual limb health and function. There are two alternative interface designs for the military and veteran above knee amputee that could provide answers to issues germane to above knee amputees such as moisture control, skin temperature and condition. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Highsmith,M J, University of South Florida Tampa United States, residual limbs, lower...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Cigarette smoking is the single most preventable cause of death and illness in the U.S., yet 40 million Americans continue to smoke. The present experiment wasdesigned to determine whether nicotine (addictive substance in cigarettes) alters cognitive effects of stress and to determine if females and males are affected differently. The present experiment used a well-established rat model to examine effects of nicotine or saline administration and a Warrior Stress Paradigm (WSP). The present...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mack,Raquel, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda United...
Increasingly, the need for creativity and creative thinking is being stressed within the Army and all branches of service. The Army has officially recognized that creative thinking can and will help soldiers and leaders prepare to meet the challenges of an ambiguous future operating environment. The Command and General Staff Officers' Course (CGSOC) prepares field grade officers to operate at increased levels of responsibility, therefore this study employs a qualitative narrative analysis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Michaelson, Sean P, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A manikin testing and modeling approach was used to predict the heat strain while wearing a Prototype Steam Suit Ensemble (PSSE) or the current U.S. Navy Submarine Steam Suit Ensemble (SSSE) and working in a steam-filled environment (88 deg C, 100% relative humidity) or a training environment (24 Degrees C, 65% relative humidity). Both ensembles were tested on a thermal manikin to measure thermal resistances. Metabolic rates during walking at 1.8 m/s (4 mph) and wearing the PSSE or the SSSE...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA BIOPHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A silent and compact vacuum pump was developed and tested. A prototype liner with viscoelastic adaptive volume elements was also developed and tested. Computer, Android, and iPhone applications were developed for wireless interaction with the socket system firmware. A control algorithm was designed and tested. Clinical trial protocol was developed and submitted for approval.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boone, David A, Orthocare Innovations Edmonds United States, Viscoelasticity,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Briefing chart presentation for the Scientific Panel, 2016 Military Women's Health Research Conference.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weiss, Karen L, 59th Medical Wing Lackland AFB United States, PREGNANCY, MILITARY...
This paper analyzes the U.S. militarys choice to transition to the blended retirement system in 2018.All service members will be grandfathered into the current system but those with less than 12 years of service will be able to change from the legacy cliff-vested annuity to a pension that includes a reduced annuity, a 401(k)-type matched investment, and a career continuation bonus. The method used to value the two systems leverages the assumptions made by the Military Compensation and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heil,Adam N, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, Retirement(Personnel),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Reliable, real-time heart and respiratory rates are key vital signs used in evaluating the physiological status in many clinical and non-clinical settings. Measuring these vital signs generally requires superficial attachment of physically or logistically obtrusive sensors to subjects that may result in skin irritation or adversely influence subject performance. Given the broad acceptance of ingestible electronics, we developed an approach that enables vital sign monitoring internally from the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Swiston,Albert Jr J, MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington United States, physiological...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Gulf War illness (GWI), a chronic and debilitating pain, headaches, impaired memory and thinking, fatigue, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, and skin abnormalities. Exposure and sensitivity to chemical, pharmaceutical and/or environmental toxins in a combat theater of operations is believed to be causative of the illness. The pathobiological mechanisms of GWI are unknown; there are no validated diagnostic tests, nor are there effective treatments or cures. This is a case-control study...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shungu,Dikoma C, Weill Medical College of Cornell University New York United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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At the time of the U.S. forces withdrawal from Iraq at the end of 2011, the Islamic State was on the brink of defeat. With roughly 700 members remaining, the movement initiated a well designed and rigorously executed revolutionary campaign, first in Iraq and then Syria. By June of 2014, a movement once dismissed as junior varsity was dominating eastern Syria and routing divisions of the Iraqi Army. This thesis develops a model of revolutionary growth and employs it as a tool to evaluate the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Baker,Jonathan S, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, Iraq, Syria,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Department of Defense relies on cyberspace and the myriad families of systems and networks it supports to deliver decision dominance and battlespace superiority across every warfighting domain. A Revolution of Military Affairs (RMA) is underway in which cyberspace is the key terrain and enables true cross-domain warfare through information operations, network operations, and electromagnetic operations. Furthermore, high-paced technological changes permeate social, political, economic and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fountain,Erica, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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PRISM is published by the Center for Complex Operations. PRISM is a security studies journal chartered to inform members of U.S. Federal agencies, allies, and other partners on complex and integrated national security operations; reconstruction and state-building; relevant policy and strategy; lessons learned; and developments in training and education to transform Americas security and development.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miklaucic,Michael, National Defense University Fort Lesley J. McNair United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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From 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014, a total of 8,819 incident diagnoses of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) (incidence rate 64.6 cases per 100,000 person-years [p-yrs]) were documented in the health records of 6,670 active component service members. During the surveillance period, there was a very slight decrease in the annual crude incidence rates of NMSC; rates of NMSC peaked in 2007 (68.3 cases per 100,000 p-yrs) and were at their lowest in 2013 (60.4 cases per 100,000 p-yrs)....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lee,Terrence, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch Silver Spring United States,...
Introduction: The internal anatomy of the mesial root of the mandibular first and second molar is highly complex. Literature supports a variety of canal presentations ranging from 1 canal to multiple canals. The presence of a third canal called the middle mesial canal (MM) is well documented. The MM canal can go undetected unless the clinician is careful to identify it. Missing this canal can contribute to a sequelae of persistent disease that may require the retreatment of the tooth or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Torres,Christopher O, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda...
The Department of Defense has enacted military retirement reforms that will change the vested pension system into a hybrid pension and matching Thrift Savings Plan contribution called the Blended Retirement System. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of a previously developed retirement tool (RETIRE Tool) that allows service members to evaluate and compare the net present values (NPV) of the HIGH-36 retirement system (HIGH-36) and the blended Thrift Savings Plan...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gilreath,Nathan D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, department of...
The objective of the proposed research is to develop new models for predicting the risk of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) following intra-articular fracture (IAF). Aim 1, pursued this year, involved evaluating pre- and post-treatment CT data from patients with combat-related IAFs to measure fracture severity and post-reduction contact stress exposure. This study is being conducted in collaboration with the University of Iowa (PI: Donald Anderson, PhD) who is conducting these calculations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rivera,Jessica C, The Geneva Foundation Tacoma United States, bone fractures,...
The Department of Defense (DoD) has assessed service member experiences with sexual assault and harassment since at least 1996, when Public Law 104-201 first required a survey of the gender relations climate experienced by active-component forces. Since 2002, four Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys, as they are known in10 U.S.C. 481, have been conducted with active-component forces (in 2002, 2006,2010, and 2012). DoD conducted reserve-component versions of this survey in 2004,2008, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Morral,Andrew R, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States,...
This essay examines the formulation of English policy toward France from September 1754 to July 1755. During this period Anglo-French relations went through a transformation from the watchful peace established at Aix-la-Chapelle to a state of undeclared war. By using as a framework the negotiations between London and Versailles aimed at resolving the boundary disputes in North America, this study details in chronological order the progress of English diplomacy toward both the continent and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McLean,James R, ARMY MILITARY PERSONNEL CENTER ALEXANDRIA VA, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The JOMIS Program will modernize, deploy, and sustain the Department of Defense's (DoDs) operational medicine information systems by fielding the DoD Modernized Electronic Health Record (EHR) solution while developing and fielding new theater capabilities to enable comprehensive health services to deployed forces across the range of military operations. The JOMIS Program is under the executive management and oversight of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evans,Claire, Department of Defense Rosslyn United States, information systems, test...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This research determined whether the provision of supplementary text would help resolve the problem of auditory overload during military command and control operations. Listeners, twenty-four English-fluent, normal-hearing, males and females, were presented one block of 78 triads of simultaneous messages over a communication headset, under each of twelve listening conditions. The messages were recordings made by two males (left and right ears, respectively) and a female. Listening conditions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Abel,Sharon M, DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA) Toronto, Ontario,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS) is part of the Department of Psychiatry in the School of Medicine of the Uniformed Services University (USU). The mission of CSTS is to advance scientific and academic knowledge, interventions, educational resources and outreach to mitigate the impact of trauma from exposure to war, disasters, terrorism, community violence and public health threats. In accomplishing our mission, we serve an essential role for the Department of Defense and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, USUHS Bethesda...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Polytrauma is most often caused from explosive devices and accounts for about 65 percent of injuries to our military personnel. The patients who have polytrauma are at increased risk of developing either bleeding and/or a clot in their veins which cause a life-threatening event known as venous thromboembolism (VTE). We began enrollment of patients into the study on 2 February 2011. As of 1 October 2012, we have successfully enrolled and collected blood samples on 684patients and 64 healthy...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Park,Myung S, Mayo Clinic Rochester United States, embolism and thrombosis, blood...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The goal of this proposal is to (a) determine the extent to which lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) service members report feelings of acceptance and integration into the military and their units post-Dont Ask, Dont Tell (DADT); (b) describe the composition and structure of LGBT service members supportive social networks; (c) determine if there are differences in behavioral health patterns among LGBT service members compared to their heterosexual counterparts and across military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Castro,Carl, University of Southern California Los Angeles, homosexuality, military...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This study will evaluate Constraint-Induced Movement (CI) therapy for promoting motor recovery in veterans and civilians with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This form of physical rehabilitation has been shown to substantially improve motor function after brain injury not due to trauma and to provoke a widespread neuroplastic response in the brain. This study (N =80) is a single blind, randomized controlled trial that compares CI therapy for improving use of the more-affected arm in adults with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Taub,Edward, University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham United States, brain...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Mental Health Advisory Team-Korea (8th Army) (referred to as MHAT-K8A elsewhere in this report) mission to Korea was requested by the Deputy Chief of Staff for US Forces-Korea (USFK) and coordinated with the USFK and 8th Army Surgeons and the 121st Combat Support Hospital. MHAT-K8A was the first assessment ever conducted in Korea or in the Pacific Command (PACOM). As in previous iterations of MHATs, (OIF, OEF) behavioral health researchers from the US Army Medical Research and Material...
Topics: DTIC Archive, US Army Medical Research Directorate-West Tacoma United States, health services,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This research study aims to expand the field of knowledge of Gulf War Illness. The research may provide initial proof of the innovative hypothesis that Gulf War Illness is related to low grade neuron-inflammation, which can be down regulated, by Naltrexone and Dextromethorphan. This is untested but potentially ground breaking concept that could provide, both an enhanced understanding of, and beneficial treatment for, Gulf War Illnesses. Research at the National Institute of Environmental Health...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meggs,William J, East Carolina University Greenville United States, gulf war...
United States National Security Strategy and Department of Defense (DoD) joint doctrine recognizes that the complexity of the contemporary operational environment requires the United States to pursue whole-of-government solutions that integrate civil-military interagency cooperation. In particular, the military requires the expertise of interagency partners in stability operations. Army doctrine recognizes that interagency synchronization occurs at all echelons, although it has yet to fully...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Denn, William III J, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Uncontrolled hemorrhage continues to be a leading cause of fatal injuries on the modern battlefield. Uncontrolled pelvic andinguinal bleeding is a leading preventable cause of death. This project is designed to study a new hemorrhage control device(Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet AAT) to control this kind of hemorrhage in a worst case scenario injury model(hemicorporectomy). Using a porcine model the AAT will be compared to conventional hemorrhage control using Combat Gauze and pressure dressing.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Schwartz,Richard B, Georgia Regents University Augusta United States, hemorrhage,...
DOD has sought and Congress has directed the department to identify areas to reduce costs by assessing headquarters and overhead functions. The Army and Air Force each have two Reserve Componentsa National Guard and a Reservewith approximately 715,000 members combined, comprising about one-half (53 percent) and one-third (36 percent) of the Armys and Air Forces total authorized personnel, respectively. Senate Report 114-49 included a provision for GAO to review DODs Army and Air Force Reserve...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, air force personnel,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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I want to begin by thanking everyone who works in defense acquisition, technology, and logistics for all the hard work, dedication, professionalism, and, increasingly, the patience and fortitude that you display. This includes our military personnel and government employees and also our industry partners. We provide our warfighters with the best equipment in the world, and we sustain and support that equipment so our warfighters know they can count on it when they need it. We all know we arent...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kendall,Frank, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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One purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of hippotherapy on motor performance in individuals with disabilities. Fifty veterans will be recruited and receive traditional physical therapy and physical therapy including hippotherapy. Measures will be taken after each session and analyzed. This study will also evaluate the impact of the Beck PRIDE Center on health and well being and quality of life. It will document veteran completion of referrals and engagement with care across six...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hanrahan,Susan, Arkansas State University Jonesboro United States, wounds and...
The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) has embarked on an ambitious change program called Future 35, which aims to establish a fully integrated defense force based on an amphibious task force capability by 2035. As part of this program, the NZDF introduced the Total Defence Workforce initiative in 2011. Total Defence Workforce created a number of adverse impacts on NZDF personnel, which damaged the overall readiness and effectiveness of the force. This thesis first examines the impact of Total...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brandon,Ian, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
The convergence of popular wars, ethnic and religious conflict, ideological extremism, and competition over diminishing resources are messy scenarios that defy prescriptive solutions. Yet this messiness is what increasingly defines todays operating environment, requiring adaptive combinations of knowledge and action within a unified interagency framework. In this context, Special Operations Forces (SOF), to include Information Operations and Civil Affairs,plays an increasingly active and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Varhola, Christopher, Joint Special Operations University Senior Fellow MacDill AFB...
Chronic pain is a significant problem after nerve injury from trauma or surgery. Current therapies and attempts at prevention have proven largely ineffective. Through analysis of data obtained in the Molecular Signatures of Chronic Pain Subtypes study termed Veterans Integrated Pain Evaluation Research (VIPER) (W81XWH-11-2-0003) we have discovered two novel pain pathways with potential therapeutic relevance (Wnt and TGR5). In addition, we recognize that improving the safety and efficacy of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van de Ven, Thomas, Duke University Durham United States, pain, pain management,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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59 participants have been enrolled in this research study. 33 subjects have been found to have hypofunction.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Serrador,Jorge M, Veterans Biomedical Research Institute East Orange United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The purpose of this study is to assess sleep and wake parameters in veterans of the first Gulf War who have fatigue and other symptoms compared with veterans who do not have fatigue utilizing novel assessment techniques including high density EEG and temperature. This research study is in the data collection and data processing phase. The most significant findings to date in this study during the research period include continued evidence of high density EEG marked broad band reduction in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Juergens, Timothy M, University of Wisconsin Madison United States, sleep...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The reentry of service members back into family life after deployment can be extremely challenging for military couples. Understanding the factors that contribute to the reintegration difficulty of returning service members and at-home partners is essential for attracting, retaining, and safeguarding the nations best military personnel. The goal of this project is to evaluate how peoples mental health symptoms and romantic relationship characteristics predict their difficulty with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Knobloch,Leanne K, University of Illinois Urbana United States, military personnel,...
The purpose of the study is to see if an eight-week course of forty low-pressure HBOT's can significantly improve symptoms and cognitive function in military veterans and civilians with mild TBI/PPCS. The proposed design is a randomized controlled (non-treatment, non-sham) single-arm crossover single-blind study. The scope of the project is to recruit, enroll, test, treat, re-test and follow-up on 50 subjects at Louisiana State University, New Orleans in 23 months and another 50 subjects at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Harch,Paul G, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-N.O. New Orleans...
A series of organizational changes within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) since the Cold Wars end arguably fostered a devolution of focus on the nuclear enterprise. This culminated with inexcusable incidents that questioned the credibility of the United States nuclear enterprise. Through a content analysis of reports, directives, and historical documents with interviews of Department of Defense (DoD) personnel, this research found that the organizational changes drove a dissolution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ortiz,Marc Anthony C, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WPAFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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To give ones life in service to country conjures images of young soldiers willingly sacrificing their lives on the battlefield, perhaps even the single seat pilot who faces overwhelming odds in one final, heroic act. The warriors death is self-sacrificing and establishes the difference between victory and defeat, good or evil, or in the most dramatic case, survival versus the death of mankind. These are the images of Hollywood films and though the audience wants the hero to win and to live, a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Humphrey,Tenaya G, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force...
Processes and documentation required for participant recruitment, consenting, administering and management of baselines measures, providing incentive payments, and obtaining and managing follow-up measures IAW IRB-approved protocol are all established and functioning effectively at our four data collection sites. Good team communication is achieved via weekly teleconferences. Forty-seven couples have been consented into the study and randomized to conditions. To date, we are meeting our...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cigrang,Jeffrey A, Wright State University Dayton United States, military personnel,...
This thesis explores the colonial origins of the citizen-soldier through the study of the colony of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations during the French and Indian War. The common picture of the American citizen-soldier is that of the militiaman during the American Revolution; however, the most over looked aspect to the citizen-soldier heritage is that of the provincial soldier during the French and Indian War. The Rhode Island militia served as the pool to draw provincial recruits for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, York, Amoreena L, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report studies how changes in job location for active duty members of the US military affect the earnings of their civilian spouses. Previous research has found that military spouses have lower earnings and employment than people with the same age, sex and education who are married to civilians, and that having experienced more military moves in the past is associated with lower spousal earnings. But military spouses may differ from civilian spouses along other dimensions that also affect...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Burke,Jeremy, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Rare incidents of violence and suicide are often highly sensationalized in the media. This report describes a research effort to understand the emotions, cognitions, attitudes, and behaviors expressed on social media by Service members who died by suicide and exhibited violent cognitions, emotions, or behaviors (VCEB). Using social media and online news articles, results demonstrated that Service members who showed VCEB were more hostile online, discussed more life stressors, used more...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wortman, Jessica A, Defense Personnel and Security Research Center Seaside United...
The complex of multiple symptoms known as Gulf War Illness (GWI) continues to affect a substantial number of veterans who served in the 1990-1991 Gulf War. Despite considerable research, the biological processes underlying veterans symptoms have not been clearly elucidated. To develop useful diagnostic tests and effective GWI treatments, it is imperative to establish a more definitive and integrated understanding of GWI pathophysiology. This study utilizes a case-control design to evaluate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Steele,Lea, Baylor University Waco United States, adrenal glands, pituitary gland,...
The Military faces unique challenges training medical personnel for deployment to combat zones. Pre-deployment, military personnel may not be routinely performing the emergent procedures that they will be expected to perform in theater. The training must be completed during a short period of time and in a hyper-realistic stressful and shocking environment. An understanding of how the training modality impacts the translation of the skills learned in training to actual practice, the degree to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evans, Leigh, Yale University New Haven United States, combat casualty care, computer...
The Director, Total Force Planning and Requirements, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness (OUSD[P and R]), asked the RAND Corporation to undertake a study titled Facilitating Military-to-Civilian Conversions. The objective of this research project was to identify the primary impediments to converting military positions to government civilian positions and to recommend changes to statutes, policies, and/or business practices that would facilitate these conversions....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lewis,Jennifer L, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, military personnel,...
Armed conflict between nations and groups usually requires those who fight to leave behind their families and loved ones. From the Greeks mounting their siege of Troy to the Greatest Generation preparing to enter World War II, the three phases of the deployment cyclepreparation, separation, and reintegrationhave been a regular part of military life throughout the ages. Although many service members anticipate deployments, eager for the opportunity to defend their country and utilize their...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meadows,Sarah O, RAND Arroyo Center Santa Monica United States, military personnel,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Throughout history, states have used different recruitment methods to raise armies. Some of those methods have been successful and some have failed disastrously. This study examines four historical cases to explore underlying patterns that help explain what makes different means of recruitment effective, focusing on the key social factors that are pertinent to raising an army. Using the backdrop of RAND researcher Brian Nichiporuk's competitively multipolar world, this study offers analysis on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brender,Lance B, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Military practitioners must be creative and critical thinkers while confronting today's broad range of traditional and nontraditional national security issues. An analysis of the current climate change policy debate demonstrates the value of considering nontraditional problem sets in an effort to enhance creative and critical thinking. When approaching complex problems such as climate change and other national security threats, policy makers should consider all available tools. One such tool is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heifner, Derek B, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth...
This is the final report for a project funded to develop a multiscale computational model of ocular lens mechanics when subjected to dynamic loading.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Regueiro,Richard A, University of Colorado Boulder United States, computational...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Since 2001, more than 2 million U.S. military personnel have deployed in to Iraq and Afghanistan. Recent estimates suggest that between 17-20 percent of Soldiers returning from these conflicts meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) upon their return. Notably, sleep disturbance is one of the primary complaints of combat-related PTSD patients. Recent evidence suggests that sleep may play a critical role in the ability to effectively extinguish conditioned fear responses and is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Killgore,William D, University of Arizona Tucson United States, TRAUMATIC STRESS...
The purpose of this project is to use a case-study approach to analyze the effectiveness and efficiency of other transaction (OT) agreements and the OT Consortium Model to acquire innovative renewable energy solutions. OTs are typically used for prototypes; however, the fiscal year (FY) 2016National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) expands the use of OT authority per statute 10 U.S.C. 2371. Our research includes interviews with Defense Innovative UnitExperimental personnel to highlight their...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tobin,Ryan, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, defense industry,...
Background: The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD) had more than 18 million healthcare beneficiaries in 2011. Both Departments conduct individual surveillance for disease events and health threats.Methods: We performed joint and separate analyses of VA and DoD outpatient visit data from October 2006 through September 2010 to demonstrate geographic and demographic coverage, timeliness of influenza epidemic awareness, and impact on spatial cluster detection...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pavlin,Julie A, DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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We have implemented our alternative plans to expand our recruiting pool by incorporating additional military bases as well as allowing dependents of retired active duty military personnel members to join the study. On May 19th, 2015 the first group of participants completed baseline testing at Hanscom Air Force Base. The first group of participants from Fort Drum were enrolled and completed baseline on July 27th, 2015. Since the submission of the previous annual report, submitted May 14th 2015,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Roberts,Susan B, Tufts University Boston United States, Military dependents,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Phase 2 was a prospective study to measure skin tissue thickness in Veterans with SCI (n=30) with high-resolution ultrasound as a potential indicator of pressure ulcer (PrU) risk. Phase 1 subjects could not be contacted, which resulted in recruitment delays and required an alternative approach for subject enrollment. Due to these delays, a no cost extension was requested to extend the study to complete the data collection. Data collection was completed for 6 patients at the time of the request....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Peterson,Matthew J, Tampa VA Research and Education Foundation Temple Terrace United...
There is a very real need to provide rehabilitative options for veterans and service members with severe noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Recent studies indicate that hearing preservation electrodes provide much better auditory rehabilitation compared with hearing aids or traditional length cochlear implants for patients with severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss and useable low-frequency hearing. The effectiveness of the hybrid approach for rehabilitation of NIHL has yet to be...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hansen,Marlan, Iowa City VA Research Foundation Iowa City United States, NOISE SOUND,...
This project is a secondary data analysis and program evaluation of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program funded project The Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Gulf War Illness (W81 XWH). Objectives: This application has two objectives to complete using data from the parent grant: 1) Better define and describe this complex disease and how healing may happen using acupuncture, 2) Report on the best acupuncture protocols for GWI veterans and specific GWI...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Conboy,Lisa, MCPHS University Boston United States, acupuncture, PERSIAN GULF...