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Drug trafficking organizations have increased their prominence throughout the Caribbean and Central America. These organizations undermine the rule of law, increase levels of violence and corruption, and hamper development, all of which can weaken a state. Weak or failing states become domestic and regional burdens that spill over into neighboring countries and cause secondary and tertiary problems. This thesis examines causes for different state capacities in the Caribbean and Central America...
Topics: DTIC Archive, King,Ryan T, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, culture (social...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Obama Administration released a new National Security Strategy (NSS) on February 6, 2015. It was the second NSS document to be published by the Administration; the first was published in May 2010. The 2015 document states that its purpose is to set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the world. The NSS is a congressionally mandated document, originating in the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-433,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lucas,Nathan J, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, National...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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U.S. sanctionsand U.S. attempts to impose multilateral and international sanctionshave been a significant component of U.S. Iran policy since the 1979 revolution. The objectives of U.S. sanctions have evolved over time. In the 1980s and 1990s, U.S. sanctions were intended to try to compel Iran to cease supporting acts of terrorism and to limit Irans strategic power in the Middle East more generally. Since the mid-2000s, U.S. sanctions have focused on ensuring that Irans nuclear program is for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, foreign...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Medelln, Colombia, are large urban cities that have struggled with public insecurity caused by illegal armed groups. Both have developed new programs to address areas of violence and parts of the cities that have become marginalized. In Brazil, the State Secretary for Public Security of Rio de Janeiro is implementing the Pacifying Police Unit program. In Colombia, the program is called the Medelln Model and originated out of the mayors office. This thesis uses a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yokers,David A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, nongovernmental...
The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is developing the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) to defend the U.S. homeland and U.S. regional friends and allies against ballistic missile attacks from countries such as North Korea and Iran. To counter such threats to the U.S. homeland, the BMDS is designed to combine the capabilities of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system with a network of ground-, sea-, and space-based sensors to provide an integrated, layered defense. GMD defends...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office, Washington United States, antimissile defense...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study explores the historical context behind the genesis of the United States Air Force in an attempt to understand what contextual factors must be present in order for the nation to consider establishing an independent Space Force. The thesis acknowledges the seemingly inevitability of a new branch of service, partially driven by our military reliance on space capabilities but also because of the way that space is slowly being woven into the fabric of our society. This academic work pays...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Norsky,Peter C, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE United States, air force,...
Emerging powers have recently become significant players in promoting peace and stability in unstable settings affected by conflict and violence. These countries have the experience, capabilities, and legitimacy to support counterpart governments seeking to build security and safety in their societies. What is more, the High Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (HLP) has emphasized the need for peace operations to become more people centered. This is an important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Giannini, Renata, Igarap Institute Rio de Janeiro Brazil, brazil, united nations,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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History has proven that the time and location of the next war will be unexpected. The U.S Army forces are currently deployed around the world to respond to many different threats to the American way of life. Balancing this demand, during an interwar period plagued with financial restriction, has forced the Army to reduce its size. Active division headquarters, the largest tactical organization to manage forces, are currently fully engaged in managing the current situation. This research focuses...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Williams,Christopher G, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
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State responses to trans-national terrorism have long included law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services. Only recently have soft power elements been brought to bear to encourage jihad abandonment. Several nations implement a variety of deradicalization or disengagement programs aimed at preventing future attacks, either by convincing a radical to abandon his or her radical ideology (de-radicalize) or merely to abstain from future attacks (disengage). Though individual program...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hayter,Christopher N, National Defense University Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk...
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Insider threats expose every nation, state, and business entity to danger; however, most of these organizations do not realize this, or they choose to ignore it. Since most studies and technical solutions for insider threats originate from the United States, a good starting point for organizations such as the Turkish General Command of Gendarmerie (TGCG) would be to analyze lessons learned from U.S. examples to try to find ways to adapt countermeasures, considering cultural constraints. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cini,Aydin, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, computer network...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Active Protection Systems (APSs) are subsystems integrated into or installed on a combat vehicle to automatically acquire, track, and respond with hard or soft kill capabilities to a variety of threats, including rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) and anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). APS technologies are not new, and a number of nations have already employed APS on the battlefield. The U.S. military is now beginning to include APS as part of its formal combat vehicle modernization plans and, if...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Feickert,Andrew, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, weapons...
Terrorist actors focus on the global transportation system to introduce threats and target attacks. As the lead department for securing the transportation system into the United States, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) works both domestically and internationally to implement programs and foreign assistance activities to secure the global transportation network. This thesis examines DHS international role by analyzing programs and policies implemented by its three largest global...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tarpey,Dominique, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, national...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Libyas political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders. After an armed uprising ended the 40-plus year rule of Muammar al Qadhafi in late 2011, interim authorities proved unable to form a stable government, address pressing security issues, reshape the countrys public finances, or create a viable framework for post-conflict justice and reconciliation.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Blanchard,Christopher M, Congressional Research Service Washington United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Irans national security policy is the product of many, and sometimes competing, factors: the ideology of Irans Islamic revolution; Iranian leaderships perception of threats to the regime and to the country; long-standing Iranian national interests; and the interaction of the Iranian regimes various factions and constituencies. Some experts assert that the goal of Irans national security strategy is to overturn a power structure in the Middle East that Iran asserts favors the United States and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, iran,...
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This thesis examines the potential advantages for Finland and Sweden in pursuing closer cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and possible membership. The security policy objectives of Finland and Sweden have largely been defensive in nature: to ensure national survival and protection of sovereignty. With the exception of Finlands opposition to the Soviet Unions aggression in1939-1940 and 1941-1944 to defend its national independence, both countries have remained...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pedrotty,Daniel J, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navys shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years. The apparent end of the post-Cold War era and the transition to a new international security situation featuring renewed great power competition has intensified concerns among some observers regarding the current and future size and capabilities of the Navy. The Navys...
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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As of 2016, 12 percent of the worlds population lives in 36 megacities. By 2030, experts estimate that 17 megaregions, hosting 60 percent of the worlds population, will account for 75 percent of global GDP. Megacities come with several unique challenges for governance and the provision of services to their populations, as well as for military intervention in the wake of natural or manmade disasters. This thesis asks the question: What do Geographic Combatant Commands (GCCs) and Theater Special...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Graham,Larry P, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, humanitarian...
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Contemporary reactions to Russian aggression advance the notion that the U.S. and its western allies should internationally and economically isolate Russia while increasing the alliances hard power projection to contain and deter further aggression. This advancement is a polarizing pendulum swing in response to the perceived failure of the 2009 Reset of relations between U.S. and Russia. With an understanding of Russian strategic culture and national interests in mind, this thesis offers that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nieman,Craig M, Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk United States, international...
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The 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran changed the geo-political landscape of the Middle East. The new regime in Tehran, hostile to the United States, threatened American interests in the region. In response, the United States adopted a policy of containment aimed at restoring a regional power balance favorable to the United States. Since that time, broader U.S. policy in the region has been driven in large measure by pursuit of this policy. Minimizing Iranian influence became a critical component...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gustafson, Andrew J, Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This Systems Engineering Research Center (SERC) 2014-2018 Technical Plan aligns the SERC Vision and Research Strategy with the Sponsors Core funding priorities. It describes the SERC Vision, the Sponsors needs, and the SERCs response to these needs, supported by research in Enterprises and Systems of Systems (ESOS), Trusted Systems (TS), Systems Engineering and Systems Management Transformation (SEMT) and Human Capital Development (HCD). A Grand Challenge statement is presented for each of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Systems Engineering Research Center (SERC) Hoboken United States, model based systems...
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US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) logisticians and logistics advisors faced a difficult problem set in transferring operational-level logistics tasks to the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF) after US President Richard Nixon announced his Vietnamization Policy. US logisticians had to sustain combat operations while retrograding US personnel and equipment, transferring materiel to the RVNAF, and handing over logistical tasks. The RVNAF grew rapidly in size and complexity...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Betson,Andrew P, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
This thesis uses past experiences to help develop a theoretical framework for maritime special operations forces (SOF) to succeed in the littorals. The theoretical framework defines six principles important to special operations in littoral spaces: deliberate planning, tailored force, specified mobility, joint support, cover/concealment, and innovation. Five historical case studies followed by a vignette show the importance of these theoretical principles for planning and executing successful...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Grimeland,Torbjorn, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report summarizes SIGARs oversight work and updates developments in the three major sectors of Afghanistans reconstruction effort from July 1 to September 30, 2016.* It also includes an essay on the status of Afghan women across six key development sectors: security, political and economic participation, justice, health, and education. The essay is the product of a fact-finding mission in which SIGAR analysts interviewed notable female Afghan government officials and civil-society leaders...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction Arlington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Strategy is a problematic yet often-invoked concept. This thesis explores the 2015 U.S. National Security Strategy (NSS), philosophy, and social theory to develop an alternative framework for the formulation of strategy in the security domain. The 2015 NSS is analyzed for consistency in its concepts and categories. A model of strategic agency is proposed as an alternative framework for developing security strategy. The strategic agency model draws upon actor-network theory and utilizes a novel...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gaddy,Jonathan W, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, national...
The DOD 2015 Cyber Strategy reported that a cyber attack could present a significant risk to U.S. national security. House Report 114-102 included a provision that GAO assess DODs plans for providing support to civil authorities for a domestic cyber incident. This report assesses whether (1) the National Guard has developed and DOD has visibility over capabilities that could support civil authorities in a cyber incident; and (2) DOD has conducted and participated in exercises to support civil...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, national security,...
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Corruption in Conflict: Lessons from the U.S. Experience in Afghanistan is the first in a series of lessons learned reports planned to be issued by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR). The report examine show the U.S. governmentprimarily the Departments of Defense, State, Treasury, and Justice, and the U.S. Agency for International Developmentunderstood the risks of corruption in Afghanistan, how the U.S. response to corruption evolved,and the effectiveness of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sopko,John F, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR)...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how the century of humiliation plays a role in the formulation of China's overarching grand strategy. Recently, a number of scholars disagree on the extent to and ways in which China is influenced by its history and culture. Gerrit Gong argues that history offers value to what individuals and countries remember and what they forget. From the context of psychological and historical perspectives, this study is anchored using a psychological...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Williams,Christopher B, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States, partner countries, and the Afghan government are attempting to reverse recent gains made by the resilient Taliban-led insurgency since the December 2014 transition to a smaller international mission consisting primarily of training and advising the Afghanistan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF). The Afghan government has come under increasing domestic criticism not only for failing to prevent insurgent gains but also for its internal divisions. In September 2014,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, national...
This paper explores the operational and strategic effects of the 2007 Iraq Surge on tactical units using Task Force 4-31 IN as a case study. By mid-2006, Iraq was moving toward Civil War promoting a change of strategy. President George Bush announced the reimagined strategy in January 2007 sending General David Petraeus to oversee operations in Iraq. By the time Petraeus left Iraq 18 months later, the security situation in Iraq had improved significantly and there was hope for political...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fawley,Darrell III E, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
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The National Capital Region (NCR) is plagued by the same critical infrastructure vulnerabilities, disrepair, and degradation as the rest of the United States. The ground transportation infrastructure, especially the bridges, in the NCR presents an interesting case study. There are over 230 bridges connecting the region with over 60 percent rated as functionally obsolete as of 2013. The NCR is complex in the amount of agencies and departments that play a part in its security and defense. Bridge...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lukas, Benjamin J, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
To explain the United States relatively mild response to Thailands 2006 and 2014 coups dtat, this research analyzed the economic, security, and diplomatic conditions that existed before and after those regime-changing events. Shifts in bilateral relations were assessed using balance of power, alliance, and democratization theories. Thailands most recent adventures with military rule, after nearly 15 years of democracy, affected U.S.-Thai relations but not in ways democratization theory would...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meelarp,Rugsithi D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, international...
There is a growing consensus that the United States has made serious mistakes in foreign and defense policy overthe past two decades. These problems can be observed in the administrations of both political parties. They are rooted both in a failure to define clearly our international strategic objectives and in the poor execution of what we have pursued. These issues have been aggravated by a failure to anticipate both the direct impact and the unintended consequences of our actions. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Crocker,Chester A, The Atlantic Council of the United States Washington United...
This study comprises an analysis of the 2003 US led Iraq invasion from a civil-military relations perspective. It argues that many of the problems the United States encountered after early successes in Iraq stemmed from a dysfunctional interaction between civilian and military leaders. In particular, US failures in the aftermath of the 2003 invasion were largely due to the Bush administrations inability to comprehend the value of dissenting ideas and opposing views of thought emanating from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Holtzclaw,Damion, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB, iraqiwar, national security,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the contemporary environment, in which fiscal responsibility is a priority, each United States government (USG) organization must do more with less. The Department of Defense (DOD) is compelled to conduct military operations across the globe with fewer service members, and the Department of State(DOS) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) are both being asked to conduct interventions with less capital, fewer foreign service officers, and fewer field representatives....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chenard,Jeffrey, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, foreign aid,...
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Air and Missile Defense IPB is a systematic continuous process of analyzing the adversarys aerial and Tactical Ballistic Missile (TBM) forces and environment in a specific geographic area and the battlefield around it. By determining the likely adversary courses of action (COAs), their associated branches and sequels, and by describing the environment where air and missile defense forces are operating, this AMD IPB process helps the commander and staff selectively apply and maximize available...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Milley,Mark A, Headquarters, Department of the Army Washington United States,...
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Two features have been consistent in the Middle East and North Africa since the era of independence: ongoing violence of all sortsand the absence of a collective security structure, which could tackle this violence. Since the end of World War II, the region has seen multiple attempts to organize collective and cooperative security, all of which failed. Since the so-called Arab Spring, movement has come again into regional security. From joint exercises and combat operations to an attempt to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gaub,Florence, U.S. Army War College -Strategic Studies Institute Carlisle United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Israels security has significant relevance for U.S. interests in the Middle East, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Israel. This report focuses on the following: Recent dynamics in U.S.-Israel relations and security cooperation; Addressing regional threats Israel perceives, including via a new memorandum of understanding on U.S. military aid to Israel; Current domestic political issues; Some Israeli-Palestinian developments.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zanotti,Jim, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, Israel, Foreign...
Since the 1960s, the United States has deployed nuclear weapons on three types of strategic delivery vehicles collectively known as the strategic triad. The triad comprises the sea-based leg (submarine-launched ballistic missiles), ground-based leg (intercontinental ballistic missiles), and airborne leg (nuclear-capable heavy bombers). As a result of arms control agreements and strategic policies, the number of U.S. nuclear weapons and strategic delivery vehicles has been reduced substantially;...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kirschbaum,Joseph W, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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From 2006 to 2016, Building Partner Capacity (BPC) has increased in strategic importance as a key way for the United States to maintain national security. The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) outlined a road map for employing BPC, but to date, the United States has achieved mixed results. To determine best practices for future BPC employment, this research looked at two recent case studies of marginal BPC attempts: Iraq and Afghanistan. These were juxtaposed against two successful BPC...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kirby,Matthew T, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE MAXWELL AFB United States, case...
This report surveys the debate over the requirements for a new congressional authorization for the use of military force (AUMF). It captures the results of two workshops, an extensive literature review, and consultations with senior experts and practitioners in the executive branch and Congress. The first of the two RAND-organized workshops, in November 2014, brought together experts on the global threat environment to examine the evolution of the terrorist threat and its likely trajectory. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chivvis,Christopher S, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica,...
As we strive to confront enemies operating in the Gray Zonethe fog-filled twilight zone between war and peace, where state and non-state actors employ threats, coercion, cooption, espionage, sabotage, political and economic pressure, propaganda, cyber tools, clandestine techniques, deniability, the threat of the use of force, and the use of force to advance their political and military agendas U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) forces are often frustrated by a lack of authorities to act. Short of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, National Defense University Fort Lesley J. McNair United States, national security,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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I want to begin by thanking everyone who works in defense acquisition, technology, and logistics for all the hard work, dedication, professionalism, and, increasingly, the patience and fortitude that you display. This includes our military personnel and government employees and also our industry partners. We provide our warfighters with the best equipment in the world, and we sustain and support that equipment so our warfighters know they can count on it when they need it. We all know we arent...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kendall,Frank, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics...
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The use of UAVs to preform targeted strikes on enemy personnel has changed the viewpoint of the American populace towards the military; in turn, causing change in how politicians choose to present their arguments for or against military campaigns. This research will analyze data from various sources in reference to the American approval rating for UAV targeted strikes. In addition, foreign policy, legislation, legal analysis, and exploration of moral and ethical consequences will be reviewed to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson,Gregory D, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The continued rise of self-radicalized lone-wolf terrorist attacks and mass shootings by mentally unstable individuals presents significant security challenges for military personnel serving outside of DoD facilities and at geographically separated units that offer no security. The recent attack on a recruiting center in Chattanooga, TN highlights this concern and raises the question of whether arming additional military members is a prudent force protection measure to counter this emerging...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bowman,John K, Aiar War College Maxwell Air Force Base United States, reserve officer...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Congress faces an array of policy choices as it confronts the challenges posed by the amount of federal debt held by the publicwhich has more than doubled relative to the size of the economy since 2007and the prospect of continued growth in that debt over the coming decades if the large annual budget deficits projected under current law come to pass (see Figure 1-1). To help inform lawmakers, the Congressional Budget Office periodically issues a compendium of policy options that would help...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Congressional Budget Office Washington United States, federal budgets, united states...
This working paper derives from an ongoing research effort to improve U.S. strategic design to defeat the Islamic State (IS), a hybrid insurgent-terrorist group that currently holds territory in Iraq and Syria, and has affiliates across the world. The current strategy to degrade, defeat, and destroy the Islamic State, and American strategies to succeed in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq, reveal serious flaws in the Western approach to strategic design: ends are unclear, yet it seems hard to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Connable,Ben, RAND National Security Research Division Santa Monica United States,...
National security especially when dealing with the employment of military power to pursue national objectives has been a more complex issue in the post-Cold War era. The issue has drawn animated debates centered on international non-aggressive behavior in international affairs. Botswana, like all other nations, is caught in this dilemma in determining the prudent development and deployment of its national military to achieve foreign policy objectives. Since the collapse of the apartheid epoch...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moshagane, Magosi S, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
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This report briefly outlines the history of the establishment of the U.S. naval station at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, during the first decade of the twentieth century, its changing relationship to the community around it, and its heightened importance with military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. It also explains in detail the legal status of the lease of the land on which the naval station stands, the statutory and treaty authorities granted to the President with regard to any potential closure...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Elsea,Jennifer K, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, Cuba,...
Recent analysis of Chinas military modernization effort has focused heavily on the Peoples Liberation Armys (PLA) development of concepts and capabilities to deter or delay foreign forces responding to crises along Chinas periphery. However, China developed these capabilities within the context of broader strategic requirements. This study describes Chinas national and security strategies and its approach to war and escalation control; summarizes its capabilities developments; and reviews its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heath,Timothy R, RAND Corporation -National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Sultanate of Oman has been a strategic ally of the United States since 1980, when it became the first of the Persian Gulf monarchies to formally allow the U.S. military to uses bases there. The facilities access accord represented a long-term Omani shift from reliance on Britain for its security, although Oman continues to maintain close military ties to Britain. Oman has hosted U.S. forces during every U.S. military operation in and around the Gulf since then, and it is a partner in U.S....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Arctic region has traditionally been trapped by the coverage of seasonal ice, but by 2030 the area is predicted to become a new frontier for humanity. Mankind will undoubtedly bring with it all the varying levels of environmental impacts associated with increased human presence such as shipping, exploration, research, tourism, military patrols, and unfortunately the potential for conflict. So far, climate change, diplomacy, and economic factors have been the major driving factors in shaping...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zaiko,Michael J, Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk United States, arctic regions,...
A series of organizational changes within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) since the Cold Wars end arguably fostered a devolution of focus on the nuclear enterprise. This culminated with inexcusable incidents that questioned the credibility of the United States nuclear enterprise. Through a content analysis of reports, directives, and historical documents with interviews of Department of Defense (DoD) personnel, this research found that the organizational changes drove a dissolution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ortiz,Marc Anthony C, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WPAFB United States,...
The rapid growth in the importance of the cyber domain to US military operations spurred a reaction by the Department of Defense to organize cyber forces before the US Government had fully digested the nature of cyber warfare. This paper uses the emergence of the air domain to understand how new technology changes warfare, and how the US reacts to technological changes through the organization of military forces. The research looked at the government documents and studies related to military...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Zachary M, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal's geographical location has been a geographical handicap as well as strategic opportunity for Nepal. With recent economic progress of both neighbors, China and India, Nepal can now sense opportunities to utilize its geographical location to come out of extreme poverty. However, because of the geographical difficulties, it is not easy for Nepal to benefit as much from China's economic progress, as is from India's. This study focuses on Nepal's possibilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Subedi, Sunil, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
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Are Vietnam and the Philippines trending more toward conflict or cooperation with China over disputed territories and resource claims in the South China Sea? This thesis investigates realist and liberal international relations theories applied to three states involved in South China Sea disputes. It reviews the history of South China Sea disputes between China, Vietnam, and the Philippines since 1988 and reviews the states growing economic interconnectedness to determine whether they have...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gussenhoven,Michael A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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East Asia is an important region for global stability. Major economiesChina, Japan, and South Koreaare located in the region. The phenomenon of a rising China, the response of the United States to arising China, and the interaction of these two major powers in the area, as well as the relations among the principal actors of the regionthe United States, China, Japan, and South Koreawill determine the stability of the region. Realists maintain a pessimistic view regarding a rising China and East...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kilic,Sedat, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, military history,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Russian experience with irregular warfare runs deep. Russian forces used irregular warfare to defeat Napoleons army in 1812. Russia conquered vast territory in the latter half of the 19th century, defeating irregulars with impressive economy of force. The Soviets employed partisan guerrillas with increasing skill during the Bolshevik Revolution and the Great Patriotic War. In Afghanistan, the Soviets avoided a Vietnam-like collapse while employing irregular tactics fighting against the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hargrove,Paul, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, military history,...
In 2013, the Danish government crafted a policy to guide its integrated stabilization efforts in fragile and conflict-affected states, emphasizing the prevention of violent conflict. This capstone project provides recommendations and guidelines for Danish politicians and the Danish defense command to operationalize this policy and define the supportive role that Danish special operations forces (DANSOF) can play. The capstone draws from a rich body of stabilization literature to provide working...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Soerensen,Birger E, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, special...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States historically reduces military end strength at the conclusion of major conflicts. The Budget Control Act of 2011 imposed sequestration spending limits on the military that began the process of drawing down the military through fiscal year 2021. While the 2016 defense budget delays sequestration cuts for two years, defense cuts in some fashion are inevitable and should be planned for. This work proposes that these cuts must carefully balance strategic considerations within...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Henderson,Michael, AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States, military...
The energy crisis of the 1970s brought an abrupt halt to the euphoric age of relatively cheap and abundant energy for the United States(US). Energy availability became a national security issue prompting a concerted national campaign to achieve energy independence and assure energy availability. As the Federal agency responsible for assuring national security and the largest consumer of energy in the Federal government, DOD developed an energy strategy focused on assuring energy independence...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Reed,Kenneth N, Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk United States, energy production,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Current Navy plans call for achieving and maintaining a fleet of 308 ships of certain types and numbers. Some observers have advocated increasing the Navys force-level goal to about 350 ships. The Navy is currently conducting a force structure assessment (FSA), and some observers anticipate that this FSA will lead to a new Navy force-level goal of more than 308 ships, although not necessarily 350 ships. The Navys actual size in recent years has generally been in the range of 270 to 290 ships.
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, aircraft...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Military practitioners must be creative and critical thinkers while confronting today's broad range of traditional and nontraditional national security issues. An analysis of the current climate change policy debate demonstrates the value of considering nontraditional problem sets in an effort to enhance creative and critical thinking. When approaching complex problems such as climate change and other national security threats, policy makers should consider all available tools. One such tool is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heifner, Derek B, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth...
Countering violent extremism (CVE) programs are moving into the realm of intervention, diversion, and deflection. These programs require mental health professionals to conduct assessments, construct treatment plans, and provide the treatment. How can practitioners treat or divert individuals from the path to radicalization but also communicate when an individual remains a threat? An understanding of the laws that facilitate or restrict disclosure of confidential health info, combined with a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ward,Michael, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, Intervention,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Over the past three decades Brazil has greatly improved its ability to monitor and control its long border. Achieving better management of the complex frontier security problem required a great deal of patience, trial and error, organizational adaptation, and good leadership. The Brazilian experience yields a number of important lessons for Brazil and for its neighbors in the Western Hemisphere. Improving performance required subordination of military priorities to civilian authorities; the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cope,John A, National Defense University -Institute for National Strategic Studies...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Defense Environmental International Cooperation (DEIC) program is a tool for the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Combatant Commands to use as part of their security cooperation engagement activities with other nations. The projects it supports focus on defense-related, environmental themes, with special priority placed on projects that promote mission sustainment, innovative approaches to environment, safety and occupational health risk management, and/or building capacity for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Clark-Sestak,Susan L, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria United States,...
The United States and its international community partners have helped strengthen Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in many areas referenced in the 2012 U.S. Strategy Toward Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). But despite time and money invested, security in the region continues to be unpredictable, complex, and potentially dangerous. To meet the Presidents policy goals for regional security, the United States must combine resources across echelons, geographical boundaries, and organizational affiliations to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cunningham,Stephen L, Joint Forces Staff College, Joint Advanced Warfighting School...
While presidential office-seeking by retired flag officers has significantly declined over the past few decades, retired flag officer endorsements of presidential candidates have increased. This thesis examines whether it is appropriate for retired flag officers to endorse presidential candidates. In addressing this broader issue, the thesis seeks to identify the potential impact of retired flag officer political endorsements on US civil-military relations, particularly in terms of the level of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bayne,Clifford M, AIR UNIVERSITY,SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES MAXWELL AIR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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As global temperatures rise and sea ice diminishes, it is anticipated that the Arctic region may experience seasonal ice-free conditions by 2030. The United States recognizes the Arctics potential to advance the national interests of the country. Opening of new international trade routes and access to a wealth of natural resources has also increased Arctic interest and activity by both China and Russia. Due to Chinese interests and increasing Russian activity in the Arctic region, the US must...
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Connell,Tod, US Naval War College Newport United States, international trade, naval...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report is the product of the U.S. Army War Colleges (USAWC) inaugural Integrated Research Project (IRP) on U.S.-China Competition: Asia-Pacific Land Force Implications. It addresses a Chief of Staff, Army priority research topic and was sponsored by the U.S. Army Pacific and the Headquarters, Department of the Army, Directorate of Strategy and Policy (HQDA G-35). The report resulted from a whole-of-War-College effort. Core curriculum and regional elective studies augmented student research...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Braun,William III G, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CARLISLE BARRACKS United...
Many areas of the cyber domain of American citizens are under attack: critical infrastructure, electrical grids, banks, businesses, government, and personally identifiable information (identity theft, medical records, child exploitation, etc.). Although the focus of recent cybersecurity legislation has provided additional authorities to federal agencies, a key concern for state, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) government entities is this: What is the best way to protect computer networks...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Flynn,Payton Sr A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, computer network...
Current army doctrine provides a guide for the integration of conventional and special operations forces in combat, but provides little direction to guide the integration of conventional and special operations forces in a peacetime training environment. This monograph seeks to determine if and how the US Army should formalize the integration of conventional forces and special operations forces in training for the complex future. By analyzing instances of integration of conventional and special...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Riley, Darren, School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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As the platform for Air Force weapon systems, installations serve as the cornerstone for delivering airpower. Failing to adequately invest and recapitalize Air Force infrastructure jeopardizes the readiness of the force and this nation. Yet, the Air Force has assumed risk in its infrastructure in order to fund other competing priorities. The poor condition of Air Force installations and the health of its infrastructure are becoming increasingly worse each year due to underinvestment. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JENSEN,KEVIN L, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This study attempts to illuminate cyberwarfare's efficacy as an indirect approach using B.H Liddell Hart's principles of the indirect approach as described in his book, Strategy. His principles are applied to two well-documented cyber attacks. The first is Stuxnet, which refers to the 2010 U.S.-Israeli cyber operation targeting Iran's nuclear program. The second deals with advanced persistent threats stemming from Chinese cyber espionage. Each attack profile, while sharing a common maneuver...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Euhus, Brandon T, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Strategic Studies Quarterly: An Air Force-Sponsored Strategic Forum on National and International Security
Topics: DTIC Archive, Guillot,W M, Air University Maxwell AFB United States, military critical technology,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Army has always had an obligation to safeguard civilians on the battlefield, minimize human suffering, and maintain order in territory it occupies. In the early history of the Army this requirement was completely at the discretion of a field commander within the laws of war. Seeing the large-scale military-led reconstruction efforts required after both World Wars, the Army created a Civil Affairs (CA)/Military Government capability that, because of its low priority for peacetime training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Geisinger, Thomas R, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...