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Source: http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5784918-ADA995289-pdf.html
Document Cloud
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Source: http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6190733-FOIA-2019-147.html
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH REMOTE AREA CONFLICT INFORMATION CENTER, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The improvement of cathode performance in primary organic electrolyte batteries by conversion of the active material to an electronic semiconductor was investigated in this program. A series of n-type cadmium fluoride single crystals was prepared by a two-stage high-temperature doping process. Initial efforts to prepare n-type manganous fluoride by analogous procedures did not yield a conductive material. The cadmium fluoride crystals were characterized by the measurement of bulk and contact...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nicholson, Margie M, ATOMICS INTERNATIONAL CANOGA PARK CA, *SEMICONDUCTORS, *PRIMARY...
This literature review surveys and analyses the existing literature, policy and practice in order to support Headquarters Joint Operations Commands comprehensive incorporation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 into Australian Defence Force (ADF) operational planning and conduct. It draws upon academic literature as well as practitioner reports on military implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. The literature review will enhance understanding of good practice...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hutchinson,Susan, Defence Science and Technology Group Fishermans Bend Victoria...
This report describes the development, testing, and finite element model (FEM) of the Warrior Injury Assessment Manikin (WIAMan) Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD) Lumbar Spine Materials Demonstrator. A primary objective of this work was to generate experimental data for FEM validation and to create lumbar spine demonstrators that were used to characterize candidate materials to assess the effect of material type and hardness for the lumbar spine ATD component. Several rubber chemistries and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gibson,Michael W, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United States,...
Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (SSC Pacific) performed the studies described in this report to develop a new National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Systems (NPDES) Permit for the discharge of effluents from the Apra Harbor Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) in Agat, Guam, into Tipalao Bay of the Philippine Sea. The technical approach adhered to proposed U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guidelines to develop and apply mixing zone analysis, recalculation procedure,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Earley,Patrick J, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific San Diego United...
The noctuid moths, Archanara geminipuncta and A. neurica, were selected as the most promising candidates for biological control of common reed. Successful larval development was only found on Phragmites spp., but development was also possible on the native North American subspecies P. australis subsp. americanus. However, open-field oviposition tests showed a strong preference of females for both European and introduced P. australis. Because of the higher egg mortality on native reed, the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Haefliger,Patrick, Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI)...
The 59th Medical Wing (59 MDW) Clinical Research Division (CRD) is a 60-man organization that executes the largest Air Force (AF) Clinical investigation Program (CIP) which aims to improve the quality of healthcare for Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries by generating an atmosphere of scientific inquiry, promoting an academic environment of high professional standing, and providing a means to assist in the accreditation of graduate medical education and other allied health training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Calcote, Joshua C, 59th Medical Wing Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Introduction: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become a valuable diagnostic tool for endodontics. Although the literature generally supports the accuracy of this imaging modality, some studies report that CBCT images may have limitations in representing the true clinical presentation. Purpose: This study compared pre-surgical limited field of view (LFOV) CBCT images with the actual clinical presentation. Method: Patients were asked to enroll in the study if they required endodontic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Behm,Bryan J, NAVAL GRADUATE DENTAL SCHOOL BETHESDA MD BETHESDA United States, xray...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Neither the United States government nor the Department of Defense has ever achieved unity of command during an unplanned or unforeseen multistate domestic incident. Why is unity of command important during response operations? Joint Publication 3-0, offers the following guidance, Unified action is a comprehensive approach that synchronizes, coordinates, and when appropriate, integrates military operations with the activities of other governmental and nongovernmental organizations to achieve...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dudley,Trent O, Air War College, Air University United States, interagency...
The energetic properties of high-nitrogen (high-N) content materials have increased the interest towards their development for use in insensitive munitions. However, the use of such compounds in the production of explosives is known to lead to an increased risk of adverse health effects in munition factory workers and the general population through various occupational and environmental exposure pathways. While chemical hazard assessment with live animals has many advantages, the high cost of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Maurais,Tony, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The continued rise of self-radicalized lone-wolf terrorist attacks and mass shootings by mentally unstable individuals presents significant security challenges for military personnel serving outside of DoD facilities and at geographically separated units that offer no security. The recent attack on a recruiting center in Chattanooga, TN highlights this concern and raises the question of whether arming additional military members is a prudent force protection measure to counter this emerging...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bowman,John K, Aiar War College Maxwell Air Force Base United States, reserve officer...
Harvested ferroelectric nanoparticles of BaTiO3 and LiNbO3 were dispersed in Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals (FLCs) with very high spontaneous polarization (Ps). The electrooptic and dielectric parameters were documented. The dipoles of ferroelectric nanoparticles and those of FLCs are partially cancelled in an antiparallel manner. The role of cell parameters like thickness of the Nylon 6 polymer layer and the change in preparation of the polymer layer due to different mechanical rubbing cycles...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shukla,R K, Technische Universitt Darmstadt Darmstadt Germany, liquid crystals,...
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We have carried out an experimental and in silico investigation of path selection by a single droplet inside a tertiary junction microchannel using oil-in-water as a model system. The droplet was generated at a T-junction inside a microfluidic chip and its flow behaviour as a function of droplet size, streamline position, viscosity, and Reynolds number (Re) of the continuous phase was studied downstream at a tertiary junction having perpendicular channels of uniform square cross-section and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gupta, Shalini, Indian Institute Of Technology Delhi New Delhi India, flow rate,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The ideological power behind attractiveness of ISIS and other radical groups global propaganda campaign toward young generation of Muslim is based on Wahabbism ideology with the spirit of Pan Islamic Nationalism. This paper using Gramscian theory of hegemony to analyze how jihadist counterhegemonic movement have supported by Wahhabist campaign of spreading common sense among the Muslim which already accepted its as standard Islamic norms. The jihadist strategy is using war of position through...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SASONGKOJATI,AGUNG, AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States,...
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Throughout the years, the United States Air Force has come to appreciate the value of diversity. Today, the military has improved so much in gender diversity, yet there is still more which can be done. This paper will discuss gender diversity issues, as well as highlight the void of USAF involvement in the international environment of women, peace and security. The overall intent of this paper is to examine current gender diversity programs in the USAF and offer improvements. While then also...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AMMONS,CAROLYN, AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States, air force...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In this project, firstly, the material growth of GeSn by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system has been investigated. The material growth mechanism was in-depth studied; secondly, the material and optical characterizations have been conducted, including SEM, TEM, XRD, Raman, PL and ellipsometry spectroscopy. The results indicated that the device level material quality was achieved; thirdly, the GeSn samples were fabricated into LEDs and photo detectors, whose operating wavelength coverd from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yu,Shui-Qing, University of Arkansas Fayetteville United States, chemical vapor...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The use of UAVs to preform targeted strikes on enemy personnel has changed the viewpoint of the American populace towards the military; in turn, causing change in how politicians choose to present their arguments for or against military campaigns. This research will analyze data from various sources in reference to the American approval rating for UAV targeted strikes. In addition, foreign policy, legislation, legal analysis, and exploration of moral and ethical consequences will be reviewed to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson,Gregory D, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
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This research paper uses a problem/solution framework to identify how Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) can integrate and improve cybersecurity for legacy and modern weapon systems to reduce the cybersecurity attack-surface. With Department of Defense (DOD) networks and mission systems undergoing nearly 250,000 attacks a day, AFSPC must take immediate action to thwart the attacks from adversarial nation states and non-state actors alike. While there are numerous cybersecurity concerns, or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Noonan,Timothy P, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Inspired by the 2013 Every Dollar Counts campaign, this research evaluated whether automated inventory management practices would be more efficient than manual inventory management practices within the 96 Medical Group (MDG), Eglin Hospital. It was known that the Defense Medical Logistics Standard was used at Eglin Hospital but was not fully integrated down to the unit level. Casual manual inventory management practices were used explicitly resulting in inventory overstock and expiration, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McQuown,Brendan E, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, DISTANCE LEARNING, AIR UNIVERSITY...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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As the warfighters need for Information Technology (IT) and the data contained within increases, so does the need for Information Assurance (IA) (data integrity) to support mission assurance. To ensure IA and to support the mission, changes need to be made to Air Force IT policies and methodologies to facilitate compliance with public laws, DoD guidance, and ensure IT security to support the warfighter. To support those needs there are public laws in place mandating IT security, as well as a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Michael,Randy J, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Over the past two decades, the international community has employed various transitional justice mechanisms to promote reconciliation and establish the rule of law in countries transitioning from civil war. The effect of these mechanisms on long-term peace however, remains ambiguous. Despite the challenges of implementing transitional justice, the establishment of the rule of law and the reconciliation of victims and perpetrators of grave violations of human rights remain essential to ending...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hartwell,Frances P, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Many leaders and managers constantly deal with the problem of increasing their workforce's motivation to improve organizational achievement. This is no different within the Army Acquisition Workforce (AAW), a subset of Army employees that is in turn a subset of Department of Defense employees and of Federal employees as a whole. In order to provide AAW leaders and managers with insight about how to reach their workforce better, this study explores the motivation preferences of the AAW. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Saacks,Nicholaus, Defense Acquisition University Aberdeen Proving Ground United...
There are significant cybersecurity challenges confronting the Department of Defense (DoD) and other U.S. departments and agencies due to their reliance on globalized information technology (IT) marketplace with insufficient security measures in place for a cyber supply chain providing vital IT products destined for mission critical systems. An unsecured globalized cyber supply chain provides amply opportunity for malicious actors to compromise, corrupt, and introduce counterfeit cyber...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van Etten,Stephen R, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of the current study was to determine if computational fluid dynamics is capable of accurately predicting the forces and moments on the F/A-18E Super Hornet while performing several complicated maneuvers. Past F/A-18E computational studies have mainly focused on static wind-tunnel scale calculations with the results being compared to existing wind-tunnel data. In recent years, some pitching calculations were conducted at wind-tunnel scale to increase the throughput of the computational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Green, Bradford E, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division Patuxent River United...
A stochastic process statistical complexity stands out as a fundamental property: the minimum information required to synchronize one process generator to another. How much information is required, though, when synchronizing over a quantum channel? Recent work demonstrated that representing causal similarity as quantum state-indistinguishability provides a quantum advantage. We generalize this to synchronization and offer a sequence of constructions that exploit extended causal structures,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mahoney,John R, CALIFORNIA UNIV DAVIS DAVIS United States, stochastic processes,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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PRISM is published by the Center for Complex Operations. PRISM is a security studies journal chartered to inform members of U.S. Federal agencies, allies, and other partners on complex and integrated national security operations; reconstruction and state-building; relevant policy and strategy; lessons learned; and developments in training and education to transform Americas security and development.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miklaucic,Michael, National Defense University Fort Lesley J. McNair United States,...
Pemetrexed(PEM), a standard therapy for non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), inhibits the de novo thymidine pathway, resulting in a transient burst of metabolism through the salvage pathway, an effect detected as a flare of activity by 18F-thymidine (FLT)-PET. FLT is a reliable biomarker of proliferation, and post-therapeutic changes in tumor FLT avidity predicts therapeutic response in a range of malignancies. However, FLT as a measure of therapeutic response in NSCLC is not well...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katz, Sharyn I, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine Philadelphia...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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We find an optical Raman lattice without spin-orbit coupling showing chiral topological orders for cold atoms. Two incident plane-wave lasers are applied to simultaneously generate a double-well square lattice and periodic Raman couplings, the latter of which drive the nearest-neighbor hopping and create a staggered flux pattern across the lattice. Such a minimal setup can yield the quantum anomalous Hall effect with a large gap-bandwidth ratio in the single particle regime, while in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Liu, Xiong-Jun, PEKING UNIV BEIJING (CHINA) BEIJING China, optical lattices, atoms,...
The Military faces unique challenges training medical personnel for deployment to combat zones. Pre-deployment, military personnel may not be routinely performing the emergent procedures that they will be expected to perform in theater. The training must be completed during a short period of time and in a hyper-realistic stressful and shocking environment. An understanding of how the training modality impacts the translation of the skills learned in training to actual practice, the degree to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evans, Leigh, Yale University New Haven United States, combat casualty care, computer...
The convergence of popular wars, ethnic and religious conflict, ideological extremism, and competition over diminishing resources are messy scenarios that defy prescriptive solutions. Yet this messiness is what increasingly defines todays operating environment, requiring adaptive combinations of knowledge and action within a unified interagency framework. In this context, Special Operations Forces (SOF), to include Information Operations and Civil Affairs,plays an increasingly active and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Varhola, Christopher, Joint Special Operations University Senior Fellow MacDill AFB...
A breathing apparatus with a partial failure may have higher breathing resistance (R) than expected or a breathing apparatus may be needed for harder work than it was designed for. The effects of very high R on physical endurance and on breathing was not known. Fifteen subjects took part in this IRB approved study to determine such effects during moderate exercise (60 of peak O2 consumption) on a cycle ergometer on dry land at sea level. R was such that the work of breathing per volume...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Warkander,Dan, Navy Experimental Diving Unit Panama City United States, BREATHING...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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We propose a self-organising map (SOM) algorithm has a solution to a new multi-goal path planning problem for active perception and data collection tasks. We optimise paths for a multi-robot team that aims to maximally observe a set of nodes in the environment.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Best,Graeme, University of Sydney Sydney Australia, robots, algorithms, multisensors,...
We established cellular models in MDA-MB-231 and immortalized primary epithelial cells to study the effect of KHDRBS3 and SRSF12 on tumor progression and metastasis (Task1). We analyzed the effect of KHDRBS3 depletion on the growth and migration properties of the MDABD-231 cells in vitro (Task 1) and their ability to form tumors and metastasize in mouse xenograft models (Task 2). The results of similar experiments for SRPK1 were recently published and demonstrated a role for SRPK1 in migration...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stoilov, Peter, WEST VIRGINIA UNIV RESEARCH CORP MORGANTOWN MORGANTOWN United States,...
The joint disuse studies completed to date have reinforced and expanded upon important information regarding the influence of joint unloading on the articular cartilage tidemark. Joint unloading activates the otherwise quiescent tidemark within articular cartilage as well as ligament entheses. With this response evident in our joint disuse model within 2 weeks of joint unloading, it will be important to track this facet of the unloading-impact loading model through the proposed variations in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Adams, Douglas J, University of Connecticut Farmington United States, arthritis,...
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Over the past thirty years, ground combatants have experienced tremendous increases in lethality, survivability, and resilience compared to soldiers of old. All of these increases are a direct result of improved understanding of how human beings operate, particularly under the stress of deadly threat. This improved training revolution began in the 1980s with the human performance movement, driven by an Army Research Institute study on enhancing human performance. The results of these studies...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wittke,Andrew N, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Traditional insider threat practices involve negative incentives that attempt to force employees to act in the interests of the organization and, when relied on excessively, can result in negative unintended consequences that exacerbate insider threats. Positive incentives that attempt to encourage employees to act in the interests of the organization can complement negative incentives. In our research, we identified and analyzed three avenues for aligning the interests of the employee and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moore,Andrew P, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA PITTSBURGH United States,...
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A notable security threat that has garnered much attention in recent years is the development of anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capabilities by international actors. In the 2015 National Military Strategy, the Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff describes the international environment as fraught with uncertainty and characterized by rapid change and evolving security threats at all levels.2 A2/AD reflects a set of capabilities used by an actor to project power and reduce access over a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TAGHIZADEH,SABRINA, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
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This project aims to establish an antimicrobial and biocompatible copper coating for a standard issue antimicrobial combat wound dressing. This initial one-year project was done to provide important foundational data that will guide subsequent research efforts and position the technology for commercial development. As part of these efforts, iFyber established a number of coating parameters a number of candidate dressings that have a range of in vitro antimicrobial efficacy and biocompatibility...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Strickland, Aaron D, iFyber, LLC Ithaca United States, COPPER COATINGS, BANDAGES,...
Chronic pain is a significant problem after nerve injury from trauma or surgery. Current therapies and attempts at prevention have proven largely ineffective. Through analysis of data obtained in the Molecular Signatures of Chronic Pain Subtypes study termed Veterans Integrated Pain Evaluation Research (VIPER) (W81XWH-11-2-0003) we have discovered two novel pain pathways with potential therapeutic relevance (Wnt and TGR5). In addition, we recognize that improving the safety and efficacy of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van de Ven, Thomas, Duke University Durham United States, pain, pain management,...
Sympathetic postganglionic neurons (SPNs) located in sympathetic ganglia represent the final common sympathetic motor output. Even though SCI produces a profound plasticity in sympathetic autonomic function, the extent that SCI-induced dysautonomia is based on SPN changes within the thoracic paravertebral sympathetic chain is unknown. Given their strategic site in autonomic signaling to body, any plasticity is likely to be of high significance, yet there is a paucity of studies undoubtedly due...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hochman,Shawn, Emory University Atlanta United States, spinal injuries, spinal cord,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Lying at the intersection of public opinion, science, and partisan politics, the debate over climate change has grown with each successive president from Richard M. Nixon to Barack H. Obama. This article argues that these two presidents, from different parties, in different eras, and with different motivations, did the most to advance federal policy. Nixon's actions laid the foundation for Obama's activism, defining the realm of possible. In a similar sense, Obama has also set the parameters of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Flippen,J B, SOUTHEASTERN OKLAHOMA STATE UNIV DURANT DURANT, global warming, climate...
A precisely controlled quantum system may reveal a fundamental understanding of another, less accessible system of interest. A universal quantum computer is currently out of reach, but an analogue quantum simulator that makes relevant observables, interactions and states of a quantum model accessible could permit insight into complex dynamics. Several platforms have been suggested and proof-of-principle experiments have been conducted. Here, we operate two-dimensional arrays of three trapped...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mielenz,Manuel, Albert-Ludwigs Universitat Freiburg Freiburg Germany, quantum theory,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topic: DTIC Archive
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Plastic, synthetic ropes, natural fiber ropes, electrical cable insulations, and a wood panel were partially exposed in the black, bottom sediment of Port Heuneme Harbor to determine the effect of hydrogen sulfide on materials. After one year of exposure, the materials were recovered and examined for fouling and biodeterioration. In addition, hardness and moisture absorption tests were conducted on the plastic panels while tensile strength tests were conducted on rope specimens. Significant...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Muraoka, James S, NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CA, *MATERIALS, *SEA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The objective of this program was to formulate and develop an analytical model based on queueing theory for the purpose of evaluating various tactical voice net configurations and signaling alternatives. Results presented from the analytic queueing model are presented here in the context of specific Naval tactical net situations. The results illustrate only the use of the methodology developed; consequently, mathematical derivations have been omitted with the exception of a brief technical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Janc, Robert V, IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO IL, *VOICE COMMUNICATIONS, MATHEMATICAL...
Some problems in the filtering and the detection of diffusion processes that are solutions of stochastic differential equations are studied. Transition densities for Markov process solutions of a large class of stochastic differential equations are shown to exist and to satisfy Kolmogorov's equations. These results extend previously known results by allowing the drift coefficient to be unbounded. With these results for transition densities the nonlinear filtering problem is discussed and the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Duncan, T E, STANFORD UNIV CA STANFORD ELECTRONICS LABS, *DETECTION, *DIFFERENTIAL...
Caryopteris clandonensis A. Simmonds ex C. H. Curtis 'Durio' Pink Chablis, (Lamiaceae) a pink-flowered cultivar distinctive among the typically blue-flowered cultivars of bluebeard, is valued as a small, deciduous shrub in the landscape for its mounded growth habit, showy flower display in summer, and attractiveness to insect pollinators. As part of a broader research program examining aromatic compounds from ornamental species as natural alternatives to synthetic chemicals for control of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Blythe,Eugene K, Mississippi State University Poplarville United States, mosquito...
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Convective rains in the Intertropical Convergence Zone produce lenses of freshened water on the ocean surface. Due to significant density differences between the freshened and saltier seawater, strong pressure gradients develop, resulting in lateral spreading of freshwater lenses in the form of gravity currents. Gravity currents inherently involve three-dimensional dynamics. As a type of organized structure, gravity currents may also interact with, and be shaped by, the ambient oceanic and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Soloviev,Alexander V, Naval Research Laboratory Stennis Space Center United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Toxic industrial chemicals induce liver injury, which is difficult to diagnose without invasive procedures. Identifying indicators of end organ injury can complement exposure-based assays and improve predictive power. A multiplexed approach was used to experimentally evaluate a panel of 67 genes predicted to be associated with the fibrosis pathology by computationally mining Drug Matrix, a publicly available repository of gene microarray data. Five-day oral gavage studies in male Sprague Dawley...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ippolito,Danielle L, Army Center for Environmental Health Research Fort Detrick...
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Military communities in tactical networks must often maintain high group solidarity based on the trustworthiness of participating individual entities where collaboration is critical to performing team-oriented missions. Group trust is regarded as more important than trust of an individual entity since consensus among or compliance of participating entities with given protocols may significantly affect successful mission completion. This work introduces a game theoretic approach, namely Aoyagis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cho,Jin-Hee, U.S. Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, game theory,...
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Iran ratified the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1970. Article III of the treaty requires non-nuclear-weapon states-parties1 to accept comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards; Tehran concluded a comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA in 1974.2 In 2002, the agency began investigating allegations that Iran had conducted clandestine nuclear activities; the IAEA ultimately reported that some of these activities had violated Tehrans safeguards...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kerr,Paul K, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, treaties,...
In recent years, the size, sophistication, and cost of the Department of Defenses (DOD) UAS portfolio has grown considerably, as has the demand for trained UAS pilots. This testimony discusses, among other things, DODs progress in (1) taking actions to strengthen the management of Air Force UAS pilots and (2) addressing challenges the Army faces to ensure that its UAS pilots complete their required training and receive high-quality training.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Farrell,Brenda S, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Existing optical-based state estimation algorithms fail to adequately handle dynamic lighting changes ubiquitous in outdoor environments. To overcome this shortfall, we propose a novel approach that is applicable to all optic flow algorithms, allowing them to operate in dynamic lighting conditions at operational tempos. We posit that the use of a preprocessing filter based on the double derivative of the image will substantially reduce the instability caused by dynamic lighting conditions and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mathis, Allison, US Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, computer vision,...
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CVN-78, CVN-79, CVN-80, and CVN-81 are the first four ships in the Navys new Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers (CVNs). CVN-78 was fully funded in prior fiscal years. The Navys proposed FY2016 budget requests procurement for CVN-79 and advance procurement (AP) funding for CVN-80.CVN-78 was procured in FY2008. The Navys proposed FY2017 budget estimates the ships procurement cost at $12,887.0 million (i.e., about $12.9 billion) in then-year dollars. The ship...
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, AIRCRAFT...
Knowledge of the general problems of internal waves and ocean mixing are important for advancing the performance of operational and climate models, as well as for understanding local problems such as pollutant dispersal and biological productivity. In the specific case of NLIWs, the currents and displacements of the waves are strong enough to impact undersea operations. More generally, most of the oceans physical and acoustic environments (particularly in straits) are severely impacted by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Alford,Matthew H, Scripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The magnitude of the victory by the Venezuelan opposition in the December 6, 2015, congressional elections surprised many in the country, and in the region, who had expected that the government of Nicolas Maduro would use its control over much of the media, most of the economy, the electoral authority and the repressive apparatus of the state to reduce the opposition margin of victory, if not engage in large scale electoral fraud to change the results entirely. The enormous opposition victory...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ellis,R E, Army War College Strategic Studies Institute Carlisle United States,...
Tandem catalysis represents a revolutionary catalysis philosophy. Rational design of heterogeneous nanocatalyst to incorporate photocatalysis with conventional catalytic system is of substantial potential in industrial applications. However, critical consideration in each catalyst component and their synergetic collaboration is necessary to achieve considerable improvement in activity and selectivity. In this work, TiO2-Au/Pd nanocomposite composed of P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and Au/Pd nanowheels...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Huang,Yu, University of California - Los Angeles Los Angeles United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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This combined report deals with two issues. One is an analysis of the Nunn-McCurdy breach that occurred in the Joint Precision Approach and Landing System Increment1A (JPALS Inc. 1A) acquisition program.1 This particularly ambitious program involved not only the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force but also civilian agencies, and it had international implications because it involved the widely used Instrument Landing System (ILS)a system dating back to the late 1920s that relies on radio beams to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kavanagh,Jennifer, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, systems engineering,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This research study aims to expand the field of knowledge of Gulf War Illness. The research may provide initial proof of the innovative hypothesis that Gulf War Illness is related to low grade neuron-inflammation, which can be down regulated, by Naltrexone and Dextromethorphan. This is untested but potentially ground breaking concept that could provide, both an enhanced understanding of, and beneficial treatment for, Gulf War Illnesses. Research at the National Institute of Environmental Health...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meggs,William J, East Carolina University Greenville United States, gulf war...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The objective of this research project was to further develop and integrate numerical methods for the fast and accurate simulation of wave propagation problems in the time domain. In support of the long-term goal of creating high-quality software for simulating waves, we seek methods which are not only efficient, but which are reliable in that both their stability and the accuracy of the results are essentially guaranteed. In support of this goal we have developed: (i.) convenient...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hagstrom,Thomas, Southern Methodist University Dallas United States, algorithms, wave...
Gram-negative Klebsiella bacterial infections are of growing global public health and clinical concern. Epidemics of multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria, including Klebsiella species, have occurred worldwide in the last two decades, including regions where United States (US) military forces are regularly deployed. In 2014, the incidence of all Klebsiella spp. infections increased to 83.6 cases per 100,000 eligible beneficiaries from 63.0 cases per 100,000 eligible beneficiaries in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McAuliffe,Kathryn, Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center Portsmouth United...
Using the US Army Research Laboratorydeveloped series of scripts, written to dramatically simplify the computation of crystalline density and heat of formation, the performance properties for the 5,7-dinitro-5,7-diaza-1,3-dioxabicyclo(3:3:0)octan-2-one notional energetic material were evaluated. Additionally, a qualitative estimation of the impact sensitivity has been calculated. This report outlines the procedures used to generate this information, as well as Cheetah calculations using the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Byrd, Edward F, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Joint Common Architecture Demonstration (JCA Demo) project was the first in a series of planned experiments under the Joint Multi-Role (JMR) Technology Demonstrator (TD) Mission Systems Architecture Demonstration (MSAD) Science and Technology (S and T) effort. JCA Demo focused on maturating key standards, processes, and tools necessary for the acquisition of affordable, common, reusable avionics capabilities. These include the Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE (trademark))...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wigginton,Scott A, AMRDEC Redstone Arsenal United States, Avionics, military...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report summarizes influenza activity among Department of Navy (DON) and Department of Defense (DOD) beneficiaries during the 2015-2016 influenza season. Using multiple electronic data sources (namely laboratory results, pharmacy transactions, immunization records, encounter and admission records, medical event reports) the impact of influenza on the DON beneficiary population was assessed and summarized. Each data source enabled the evaluation from a different clinical perspective, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Payne,Rebecca, Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center Portsmouth United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This research builds upon the emerging body of knowledge on contract management workforce competence and organizational process capability. In 2003, the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM) was first developed for the purpose of assessing Department of Defense (DoD) and defense contractor organizational contract management process capability. The CMMM has been previously applied at Air Force, Army, Navy, and defense contractor organizations. Specific to the Navy, assessments were conducted...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rendon,Rene G, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, navy, contract...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As marine winds strengthen, wave breaking becomes increasingly widespread. This has important consequences, both for offshore operations and geophysically, yet wave breaking is not included in present marine forecasts. This project addressed the challenge of incorporating wave breaking physics into coupled sea state marine weather forecasting models. The aim was to add accurate wave breaking and sea spray forecasts to the standard suite of forecast sea state variables, for sea state conditions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Banner,Michael L, Univesity of New South Wales Sydney Australia, water waves, wave...
We analyze a variant of the whereabouts search problem, in which a searcher looks for a target hiding in one of n possible locations. Unlike in the classic version, our searcher does not pursue the target by actively moving from one location to the next. Instead, the searcher receives a stream of intelligence about the location of the target. At any time, the searcher can engage the location he thinks contains the target or wait for more intelligence. The searcher incurs costs when he engages...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Atkinson,Michael, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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At its 18th Party Congress in November 2012, the Chinese Communist Party adopted a new goalthat China should enhance our capacity for exploiting marine resources, develop the marine economy, protect the marine ecological environment, resolutely safeguard Chinas maritime rights and interests, and build China into a strong maritime power (emphasis added). Footnote 3 Subsequent commentary by Chinese leaders and national-level documents characterize the goal of becoming a maritime power as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bickford,Thomas J, CNA Analysis and Solutions Arlington United States, FOREIGN...
Effective and efficient mapping of permafrost subsurface composition at scales relevant to the design and maintenance of horizontal and vertical infrastructure has been a long-standing challenge. Of utmost utility would be the development of standoff measurement techniques that could discern at the meter to submeter spatial scale and up to 10 m into the subsurface the presence or absence of ice features. Ground-based geophysical measurement techniques, including ground penetrating radar,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Barrowes,Benjamin E, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) Hanover...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A thermal bimorph is a thin laminate which develops curvature upon heating on account of being constructed from layers of mismatched thermal expansion coefficients. However, current bimorphs are generally limited to benign temperatures and linear temperature displacement relationships. This work develops modelling techniques and fabrication methods that facilitate the use of nonlinear-response thermal bimorphs in high-temperature morphing structures. Successful application of this work may...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weaver,Paul, University of Bristol Bristol United Kingdom, Thermal management,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This grant aims to improve the guarantees offered by both language-based information security mechanisms, and operating system information security mechanisms. It seeks to do so by investigating interactions between language-based and OS mechanisms for information security, and exploiting these interactions both to improve the precision of security enforcement, and to provide greater assurance of information security. This grant focuses on two key projects: language-based control of authority;...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chong,Stephen, Harvard University Cambridge United States, computer network security,...
This project aims to (i) control graphene electronic structure by perturbing it using nanoparticles; (ii) fabricate graphene field-effect transistors and demonstrate their superior performances; (iii) investigate the THz and sub-THz characteristics of graphene layers. We have demonstrated engineering the bandgap of single layer Graphene by decorating with randomly distributed zinc oxide (ZnO) and gold nanoparticles. The proximity of nanoparticles and Graphene break Graphenes sublattice symmetry...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pala,Nezih, Florida International University Miami United States, FIELD EFFECT...
The goal of this project is to develop intraventricular delivery of oncolytic HSV and to augment Dr. Friedman's training and education. The critical first step in developing this potential therapy is determining the cause of toxicity. In the first year, we determined that only active virus and not inactivated virus or vehicle caused toxicity, and virus was seen in the ependyma. We established the timing of the inflammatory response post-injection of the virus with a peak response seen at day 4...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Friedman,Gregory, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham United States,...