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We have investigated the surface plasmon enhancement of the GeSn p-i-n photodiode using gold metal nanostructures. We have conducted numerical simulation of the plasmonic structure of 2D nano-hole array to tune the surface plasmon resonance into the absorption range of the GeSn active layer. Such a structure is fabricated using FIB on a previously made photodiode for feasibility demonstration. The result indicates that the photocurrent of the diode can indeed be enhanced with the plasmonic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS UNIV DARTMOUTH, *DETECTORS, *EMITTERS, *NANOSTRUCTURES, *PHOTODIODES,...
The objective of the present work is the development a tightly coupled magneto hydrodynamic model for Inductively Coupled Radio-Frequency (RF) Plasmas. Non Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (NLTE) effects are described based on a hybrid State-to-State (StS) approach. A multi-temperature formulation is used to account for thermal non-equilibrium between translation of heavy-particles and vibration of molecules. Excited electronic states of atoms are instead treated as separate pseudo-species,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Munafo, A, AFRL/RQRS Edwards AFB United States, MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS, plasmas(physics)
A key question in this project was to understand the factors and mechanisms that facilitate collaboration or antagonism; that is the sociological, religious, and cultural factors associated with close or oppositional ties between tribes, ethnic groups or sub-groups visa-vis Islamist militant groups? We focused on Nigeria in the struggle with Boko Haram, and the case of Mali vis--vis AQIM and other militant groups. The research shifted to concentrate on Nigeria (with the addition of its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacobson,David, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA TAMPA United States, Nigeria, TERRORISTS,...
USFOR-A was unable to achieve its goal of training the ANAs NEB to a partially capable level by December 31, 2014. The inability to achieve this goal was largely due to delays in basic soldier training and providing engineer equipment needed for training. To track the training progress, USFOR-A rated the NEBs capability on a monthly basis. USFOR-A assessments for the period April 2014 through October 2014 showed that the NEB was rated overall as developing, the second lowest of five possible...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sopko,John F, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction Arlington...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Hawaii West Maui Region (Figure 1) was the focus of Hawaii Regional Sediment Management (RSM) investigations in fiscal year 2014 (Podoski et al., in preparation). The West Maui Region extends from Hanakaoo in the south through Honolua Bay in the north (Figure 2). The conceptual regional sediment budget developed for West Maui indicates that the shoreline has been relatively stable over the past 17 years (1997 through 2014). Portions of sandy shoreline within the region, however, have been...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Thomas D, USACE Honolulu District Honolulu United States, WORKSHOPS, COASTAL...
Army teams operate in a complex organization that has many systems and levels. These small units (e.g., teams, squads) are generally studied from a process perspective, which posits that teams develop by progressing through a series of phases or stages (e.g., forming, storming, norming, performing). However, there is evidence that teams with standardized norms, differentiated team member roles, and interdependence among team members do not follow traditional team development processes. In...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Walker, Tywanquila L, ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Army Acquisition community has a significant deficiency in the amount of operational expertise to influence a particular S and T technology or acquisition program. As a result, emerging materiel solutions often fall short of their desired utility in the eyes of the warfighter. In a fiscally constrained environment, the product development team must use all available resources in the most efficient manner to produce the highest quality product in the shortest time possible for the end user....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Horning,Matthew A, US ARMY TARDEC WARREN United States
Multiple studies have been conducted addressing intensive educational programs to determine clinical outcomes in migraine patients in headache clinics. Chronic headaches within the adolescent population have ben shown to have great morbidity on patient lives, including but no limited to missed school/work days, and loss of parental work time getting to appointments. Some studies have been completed regarding chronic adolescent headaches, but at this time nothing has been published regarding...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ormond, Andrew J, 959th Medical Group JBSA Lackland United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of this research is to increase our understanding of the impact of the ocean and seafloor environmental variability on deep-water (long-range) ocean acoustic propagation and to develop methodologies for including this in acoustic models. Experimental analysis is combined with model development to isolate specific physics and improve our understanding. During the past few years, the physics effects studied have been three-dimensional propagation on global scales, deep water ambient...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heaney,Kevin, OCEAN ACOUSTICAL SERVICES AND INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS INC LEXINGTON MA...
This proposal focuses on the analysis and design of coordination algorithms for multiple agents deployed in adversarial environments. The multi-agent systems can represent miscellaneous autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles that are remotely controlled by operators. These groups can be subject to attacks from other external agents leading to complex networked adversarial settings. The proposal presents work in two main areas: 1) the use of a class of receding-horizon type of algorithms to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Martinez,Sonia, CALIFORNIA UNIV SAN DIEGO LA JOLLA LA JOLLA United States,...
Why GAO Did This StudyBurn pits help base commanders manage waste generated by U.S. forces overseas, but they also produce harmful emissions that military and other health professionals believe may result in chronic health effects for those exposed. Section 313 of the NDAA for FY 2015 requires the Secretary of Defense to review DOD compliance with law and guidance regarding the disposal of covered waste in burn pits. DOD submitted a report on the results of its review in March 2016.Section 313...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, waste management,...
All-source analysts collaborate with each other on various information requirements. They receive different types of information from various collators, integrate and relate those information items to produce intelligence, and then share the new intelligence items with their peers. In this report, the authors describe Sharik (SHAring Resources, Information, and Knowledge), a web-based tool aimed at supporting collaborative sense making among all-source intelligence analysts in distributed...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ghajar-Khosravi,Shadi, DRDC Toronto Research Centre Toronto, Ontario Canada, software...
A series of organizational changes within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) since the Cold Wars end arguably fostered a devolution of focus on the nuclear enterprise. This culminated with inexcusable incidents that questioned the credibility of the United States nuclear enterprise. Through a content analysis of reports, directives, and historical documents with interviews of Department of Defense (DoD) personnel, this research found that the organizational changes drove a dissolution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ortiz,Marc Anthony C, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WPAFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The top-down fabrication of an in-plane nanowire (NW) GaAs metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) by focused-ion beam (FIB) etching and chemical oxidation is reported. The device has a semiconductor-on-insulator structure with an n -GaAs/Al2O3 layer stack implemented by lateral hydrolyzation oxidation. A 2 micron-long channel having an effective cross section 70 x 220 nm is directly fabricated into the n -GaAs layer by FIB etching. The channel is electronically isolated from...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brueck,Steven R, Defense Threat Reduction Agency Fort Belvoir United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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This memorandum provides a brief introduction to finite rate chemistry in the framework of large eddy simulation for compressible flow fields. Particular emphasis is placed upon the filtered reaction rate expression through the use turbulent chemical closure terms. The Eddy Break-Up model is an example of this type of closure term. Within the multiphase physics computer code LESLIE3D, these algorithms are tested on a gas phase acetylene combustion problem and on a shock wave initiated droplet...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nance,Douglas V, Air Force Research Laboratory Eglin AFB United States, flow fields,...
The objective of the Anbar Awakening project was to create an unclassified resource for trainers and educators. It is presented in multimedia to accommodate different teaching and learning styles. The project presents the Awakening movement's phases from the development of the insurgency in 2003 to the Coalition's transfer of responsibility for Al Anbar to the Iraqis in 2008. In addition, it offers analysis and lessons, many of which are transferrable to current and future conflicts. Most...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Knarr,William M, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA ALEXANDRIA, Iraq,...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to present preliminary data regarding the use of videography to estimate Silver Carp burst swimming speeds. The authors document the use of videotaped Silver Carp leaping behavior as a means of estimating, in-situ, burst swimming speeds, fish leap height, and horizontal distance traveled during a leap.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Parsons,Glenn R, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Vicksburg United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report studies how changes in job location for active duty members of the US military affect the earnings of their civilian spouses. Previous research has found that military spouses have lower earnings and employment than people with the same age, sex and education who are married to civilians, and that having experienced more military moves in the past is associated with lower spousal earnings. But military spouses may differ from civilian spouses along other dimensions that also affect...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Burke,Jeremy, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States,...
The Department of Defense Information Network (DODIN) is being threatened by state actors, non-state actors, and continuous hacking and cyber-attacks. These threats against the network come in a variety of forms; physical attacks from radio jamming, logical cyber threats from hacking, or a combination of both physical and logical attacks. Each year the number of hacking attacks is increasing. Corporations like Symantec publish annual reports on cyber threats and provide tips for best practices...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bailey, Scott M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The proposed project investigates the nature of upper limb prosthesis use in everyday tasks through in-home and lab-based studies on upper-limb amputees and matched unimpaired subjects. During the second year we recruited amputee participants and completed several at-home portions of the study. A study of the resulting videos led to a new prosthetics-use taxonomy that is generalizable to various levels of amputation and terminal devices. The taxonomy was applied to classification of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dollar,Aaron, Yale University New Haven, United States, upper limb prostheses,...
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The objective of this project is to evaluate innovative technologies required for deploying underwater electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors from remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). The integration of these platforms, highly accurate navigation and control systems, and a high-resolution electromagnetic array can overcome limitations of current diver deployed, towed, and unmanned integrated underwater ordnance systems.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Schultz,Gregory, White River Technologies Newton United States
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Much as commercial firms do, terrorist groups use branding to increase support and thus their capacity to conduct operations. This thesis introduces the new concept terrorist brand exposure, as a reflection of effective brand management strategies and communications among terrorist groups. In that regard, this thesis seeks to merge two vastly different theories, brand theory and terrorism studies, into one package. The research involves a quantitative analysis of the terrorist brand exposure of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Greaver,Bradley S, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, terrorism,...
Trauma, extensive burns, bacterial infections, and acute pancreatitis (AP) are common conditions of tissue injury and immune system activation that can result in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Surprisingly, about half of the patients with SIRS quickly recover, while the others develop a multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS). SIRS and MODS do not occur immediately: SIRS evolves over a 4-12 hour period, while MODS evolves over12-24 hours. Vascular leak syndrome (VLS) is a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Whitcomb,David C, The University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh United States, VASCULAR...
To explain the United States relatively mild response to Thailands 2006 and 2014 coups dtat, this research analyzed the economic, security, and diplomatic conditions that existed before and after those regime-changing events. Shifts in bilateral relations were assessed using balance of power, alliance, and democratization theories. Thailands most recent adventures with military rule, after nearly 15 years of democracy, affected U.S.-Thai relations but not in ways democratization theory would...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meelarp,Rugsithi D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, international...
Drug trafficking organizations have increased their prominence throughout the Caribbean and Central America. These organizations undermine the rule of law, increase levels of violence and corruption, and hamper development, all of which can weaken a state. Weak or failing states become domestic and regional burdens that spill over into neighboring countries and cause secondary and tertiary problems. This thesis examines causes for different state capacities in the Caribbean and Central America...
Topics: DTIC Archive, King,Ryan T, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, culture (social...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Since the advent of the Internet, Mexico has embraced and utilized social media at a dramatically increasing rate. Today, 54 million Mexican citizens collaborate via online communities more avidly than those in some developed countries. But has the increase in social media activity fostered civic engagement in Mexico? This thesis argues that it predominately has. Specifically, social media has increased civic awareness, broadened collective action, and strengthened political activism in Mexico....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hopf,Aries C, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, social...
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Why did we choose the topic, Beyond the Diagnosis? Why do people respond differently to a diagnosis? We want to ask that question. Why is an algorithmic approach not efficacious for all? Why is non-compliance so readily observed in our patients, and what do we do with it? Recently, I heard a story from one of my grandchild's classes that illustrates an important point. The teacher asked each child to draw a picture, and the teacher walked by and asked, Who are you drawing a picture of? The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wain,Harold J, WALTER REED NATIONAL MILITARY MEDICAL CENTER BETHESDA MD BETHESDA,...
This working paper derives from an ongoing research effort to improve U.S. strategic design to defeat the Islamic State (IS), a hybrid insurgent-terrorist group that currently holds territory in Iraq and Syria, and has affiliates across the world. The current strategy to degrade, defeat, and destroy the Islamic State, and American strategies to succeed in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq, reveal serious flaws in the Western approach to strategic design: ends are unclear, yet it seems hard to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Connable,Ben, RAND National Security Research Division Santa Monica United States,...
This research is in response to a request from the United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office. The Marine Corps has identified its reliance on energy resources as a real threat to military security and a drag on the logistics tail of expeditionary operations. This research recommends that the Marine Corps prioritize development of the existing Unit Energy Manager program to address operational energy capability requirements. Long-term solutions require updating existing formal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wall,Jessica M, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, marine corps,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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In contrast to traditional networks, Software Defined Networking (SDN) allows the programming of network functions via an Application Programming Interface (API). The ability to implement the APIs in software is advantageous for traffic manipulation in SDN. With automated logic being programmed into a centralized component of the SDN, network operators are presented with new and scalable methods for traffic manipulation. Enterprises and Internet Service Providers of all sizes can implement...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fischer,Briana D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, computer network...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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A study was conducted to evaluate impacts of resuspension from propeller wash in DoD harbors. This study included both field data measurement and calibration of numerical models. The study included three linked, yet separate studies, including resuspension potential by tug wash, fate and transport, and re-migration, re-deposition and re-contamination potential of the sediment plumes from tug wash. Model-data comparisons were conducted for both the erosion potential model (Graphic Maynord's...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wang,Pei-Fang, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific San Diego United...
Prostate cancer is commonly multiclonal, meaning that most men with prostate cancer have multiple, genetically distinct cancers. Pathologists cannot assess clonally by routine microscopic evaluation, and hence multiclonality is not incorporated into routinely reported pathological parameters, such as the number of cores with cancer. Given the importance of routine pathological parameters in prostate cancer prognosis, the potential to refine these parameters through assessing multiclonality...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tomlins,Scott A, Regents of the University of Michigan Ann Arbor United States, gene...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States Air Force (USAF) faces tremendous leadership challenges as it enters its 25th year of continuous combat operations. Manning shortfalls, reduced budgets and a myriad of other complex challenges have increased the stress placed upon Air Force leaders and followers alike. While caring for Airmen and their families the USAF Chaplain Corps has been navigating leadership challenges as well. These challenges have compromised the organizational health of the Chaplain Corps. This lack...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boyd,Matthew F, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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To give ones life in service to country conjures images of young soldiers willingly sacrificing their lives on the battlefield, perhaps even the single seat pilot who faces overwhelming odds in one final, heroic act. The warriors death is self-sacrificing and establishes the difference between victory and defeat, good or evil, or in the most dramatic case, survival versus the death of mankind. These are the images of Hollywood films and though the audience wants the hero to win and to live, a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Humphrey,Tenaya G, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Due to the complexity of cyberspace and the diversity of threats that operate in the new domain, current US cyber strategy has not proven effective. This paper dissects the cyber threat landscape and how advanced threats operate in order to devise an effective, adaptive strategy for US cybersecurity. US cybersecurity strategy must be threat-focused and threat-aware with capabilities built to evolve as threats evolve. Threat agnostic strategy that simply builds better perimeter defenses around...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Zachary M, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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MIT LL and CSAIL have enjoyed several collaborations over the past decade. Collaborative projects have been very diverse, spanning several areas of CSAIL concentration, including robotics, big data analytics, wireless communications, computing architectures and technologies, and cyber security. Nevertheless, the consensus of the committee is that, given the large overlap in interests and the dramatically growing importance to national security of several key CSAIL core areas, collaborations and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bond,Robert A, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LEXINGTON United States,...
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Viewgraph/Briefing Charts
Topics: DTIC Archive, Li,Gary Z, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL/RQRS Edwards AFB United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The proposal was designed to address three issues. First could we identify stem cells fromthe fallopian tube, including from patients with high grade serous cancer (HGSC). Second,could we link the molecular abnormalities in cancer associated stem cells and validate themin pathologic material, specifically in what we feel are stem cell outgrowths or SCOUTs andthird could we identify molecular alterations that would place the oviduct or the patient atrisk for HGSC. In essence we wished to drill...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Crum,Christopher P, The Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc Boston United States, stem...
Magnetoelectric effect, arising from the interfacial coupling between magnetic and electrical order parameters, has recently emerged as a robust means to electrically manipulate the magnetic properties in multiferroic heterostructures. Challenge remains as finding an energy efficient way to modify the distinct magnetic states in a reliable, reversible, and non-volatile manner. Here we report ferroelectric switching of ferromagnetic resonance in multiferroic bilayers consisting of ultrathin...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jones,John G, Northeastern University Boston United States, ferromagnetic resonance,...
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The use of UAVs to preform targeted strikes on enemy personnel has changed the viewpoint of the American populace towards the military; in turn, causing change in how politicians choose to present their arguments for or against military campaigns. This research will analyze data from various sources in reference to the American approval rating for UAV targeted strikes. In addition, foreign policy, legislation, legal analysis, and exploration of moral and ethical consequences will be reviewed to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson,Gregory D, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
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This research paper uses a problem/solution framework to identify how Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) can integrate and improve cybersecurity for legacy and modern weapon systems to reduce the cybersecurity attack-surface. With Department of Defense (DOD) networks and mission systems undergoing nearly 250,000 attacks a day, AFSPC must take immediate action to thwart the attacks from adversarial nation states and non-state actors alike. While there are numerous cybersecurity concerns, or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Noonan,Timothy P, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of the current study was to determine if computational fluid dynamics is capable of accurately predicting the forces and moments on the F/A-18E Super Hornet while performing several complicated maneuvers. Past F/A-18E computational studies have mainly focused on static wind-tunnel scale calculations with the results being compared to existing wind-tunnel data. In recent years, some pitching calculations were conducted at wind-tunnel scale to increase the throughput of the computational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Green, Bradford E, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division Patuxent River United...
A stochastic process statistical complexity stands out as a fundamental property: the minimum information required to synchronize one process generator to another. How much information is required, though, when synchronizing over a quantum channel? Recent work demonstrated that representing causal similarity as quantum state-indistinguishability provides a quantum advantage. We generalize this to synchronization and offer a sequence of constructions that exploit extended causal structures,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mahoney,John R, CALIFORNIA UNIV DAVIS DAVIS United States, stochastic processes,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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We find an optical Raman lattice without spin-orbit coupling showing chiral topological orders for cold atoms. Two incident plane-wave lasers are applied to simultaneously generate a double-well square lattice and periodic Raman couplings, the latter of which drive the nearest-neighbor hopping and create a staggered flux pattern across the lattice. Such a minimal setup can yield the quantum anomalous Hall effect with a large gap-bandwidth ratio in the single particle regime, while in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Liu, Xiong-Jun, PEKING UNIV BEIJING (CHINA) BEIJING China, optical lattices, atoms,...
The convergence of popular wars, ethnic and religious conflict, ideological extremism, and competition over diminishing resources are messy scenarios that defy prescriptive solutions. Yet this messiness is what increasingly defines todays operating environment, requiring adaptive combinations of knowledge and action within a unified interagency framework. In this context, Special Operations Forces (SOF), to include Information Operations and Civil Affairs,plays an increasingly active and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Varhola, Christopher, Joint Special Operations University Senior Fellow MacDill AFB...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The report details the results of the first phase of a large scale research study investigating discipline and the effects of discipline in a large Southeastern Oil Refinery. The fifty seven interviews were conducted with hourly maintenance and operating employees. Based on these employees' descriptions of the discipline process and how it works, a preliminary model was developed. Variables associated with the employee, the disciplinary agent, the situation, and the refinery complex as a system...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Arvey,Richard D, HOUSTON UNIV TEX DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY, *ORGANIZATIONS, *PERSONNEL...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report covered areas of Chester County and Delaware County, Pa. subject to flooding by Crum Creek, Pa. It included a history of flooding along Crum Creek Pa. (to date of report and identified those areas which may be subject to future floods). Special emphasis was given to these possible future flood forecasts thru maps, photographs and profiles. Some aerial photography is provided along with hydrographs and maps.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT PHILADELPHIA PA, *FLOODING, FORECASTING, HISTORY, STREAMS,...
This literature review surveys and analyses the existing literature, policy and practice in order to support Headquarters Joint Operations Commands comprehensive incorporation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 into Australian Defence Force (ADF) operational planning and conduct. It draws upon academic literature as well as practitioner reports on military implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda. The literature review will enhance understanding of good practice...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hutchinson,Susan, Defence Science and Technology Group Fishermans Bend Victoria...
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Insider threats expose every nation, state, and business entity to danger; however, most of these organizations do not realize this, or they choose to ignore it. Since most studies and technical solutions for insider threats originate from the United States, a good starting point for organizations such as the Turkish General Command of Gendarmerie (TGCG) would be to analyze lessons learned from U.S. examples to try to find ways to adapt countermeasures, considering cultural constraints. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cini,Aydin, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, computer network...
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Are Vietnam and the Philippines trending more toward conflict or cooperation with China over disputed territories and resource claims in the South China Sea? This thesis investigates realist and liberal international relations theories applied to three states involved in South China Sea disputes. It reviews the history of South China Sea disputes between China, Vietnam, and the Philippines since 1988 and reviews the states growing economic interconnectedness to determine whether they have...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gussenhoven,Michael A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States,...
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This thesis seeks to answer two related questions regarding corruption and Chavismo. First, what factors contributed to the rise in Venezuelas Corruption Perception Index from 20002014? Second, what does Venezuela need to do to reverse that trend? The thesis examines Hugo Chavezs populist policies as well as two leading factors for the rise of corruptionweak governance and oil over-dependence practicesand analyzes the Resource Curse theory and Chaveznomics. Chavezs populist policies created...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mercado,Frances V, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States,...
Direction finding (DF) systems are fundamental electronic support measures for electronic warfare. A number of DF techniques have been developed over the years; however, these systems are limited in bandwidth and resolution and suffer from a complex design for frequency down-conversion. An innovative design of a microwave-photonic direction finding technique for the detection and direction finding of low probability of intercept (LPI) signals is investigated in this thesis. Key advantages of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ong,Chee K, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY, detection, direction...
Current Marine Corps policy requires that all Marines below the rank of Gunnery Sergeant and with fewer than 13 years of service undergo annual rifle qualification. Annual marksmanship training is repetitive and only addresses the fundamentals of marksmanship, which Marines typically master in their first few years. Key features of marksmanship training are instilled at initial training for officers and enlisted Marines, but advanced training is seldom received outside infantry and select...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Martin,Travis R, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, marksmanship,...
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Although historically restricted from combat roles, women suffer from combat-related injuries, especially in recent conflicts where asymmetrical warfare erases distinctions between forward and rear operating areas. U.S. servicewomen who sustained combat-related injury in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) or Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) between January 2003 and May 2014 were identified from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database. Injuries were characterized using Abbreviated Injury Scale...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dye,Judy L, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA SAN DIEGO United States, combat...
Following the tragic events of September 11, 2001, numerous reports came to the same conclusion: there was an urgent need to enhance information sharing throughout the homeland security community (HSC). The report of the National Commission of the Terrorist Attacks upon the United States set forth numerous failures of information sharing that occurred throughout the HSC involving events leading up to9/11, the attacks, and the response. The necessity of information to enable the fire service...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kiesling,James W, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, first...
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This thesis explores the practices of six state or local law enforcement agencies in the field of maritime homeland security. Using the Delphi Survey Method on a sample of the highest-risk, most strategically located, and most commercially important ports in the United States, this thesis looks at the successes and challenges of grant funding, training practices, recovery efforts, and state government role in maritime homeland security. The resounding and underlying theme of the best practices...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Nichols,Kirk L, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, maritime security,...
This thesis poses the question, What is the nature of the relationships between social embeddedness, structural efficiency, and organizational behavior within dark networks? The objectives of this thesis are twofold. The primary objective is to illuminate the interaction between embeddedness, structure, and activity within dark networks, the aim being to study if changes in embeddedness manifest in observable fluctuations in a networks topography or behavior. The secondary objective is to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Raabe,Leopele S, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, NETWORKS,...
In its fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), the United States has developed five lines of effort (LOEs): provide military support to our partners; impede the flow of foreign fighters to ISIS; stop ISISs financing and funding; address humanitarian crises in the region; and expose ISISs true nature. A much addressed question in the media as well as scholarly analyses is whether these LOEs will be effective in defeating the ISIS insurgency in Iraq, or whether the United...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Holaday,Joshua B, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States, civil war,...
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In response to a shifting National Military Strategy that renewed the focus of combat operations on smaller, projectable, and dynamic joint fight entities, both the Army and Navy reviewed requirements to address capability shortfalls in either their force structure or operational warfighting concepts, or both. Both services initial capability reviews resulted in a series of Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations (ACTD) designed to explore the military utility of converted commercial,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Watson,Brian Sr T, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, military...
Condition-based maintenance (CBM) entails performing maintenance only when needed to save on resources and cost. Formulating a model that reflects the behavior of the marine diesel engine in its normal operating conditions would aid in making predictions of the behavior of a condition monitoring parameter. Modeling for CBM is a data-dependent process. Data acquisition, processing, and analysis are required for modeling the behavior of the normal operating conditions of the diesel engine. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yue,Siew P, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, diesel...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The overall goal of the project was to develop an animal model of the focal dystonia benign essential blepharospasm. Consistent with the widely held view that dystonia results from an interaction between a predisposing condition and an environmental trigger, we proposed to use7 Hz deep brain stimulation of the basal ganglia as the predisposing condition and dry eye as an environmental trigger. Based on experiments during the 1st year of the grant, our publication, Evinger, J. Neuro-Ophthalmol....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evinger,Leslie, The Research Foundation of State University Stony Brook, eye...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis examines the roles of decision makers in three phases of a special operation: the approval phase, the preparation phase, and the execution phase. The author argues that the level of decision makers involvement should be high in the approval phase, medium in the preparation phase, and low in the execution phase. Four special operationsOperation Thunderbolt, Operation Nimrod, Operation Eagle Claw, and the Moscow Theater Hostage Crisiswhich were conducted by different countries Special...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Aykac,Kazim, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, decision making,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Over the last 12 months of this award, we have focused on developing an in-depth understanding of the immune system in the setting of the tumor microenvironment. We have made progress in developing methods to better analyze the relationships between primary tumor and metastatic growths with their surrounding microenvironments, and implications for immune response and dendritic cell function in vitro using 3D microculture techniques. We have further investigated and tested alternative methods...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lee,Peter P, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope Duarte United States, cell...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In 2014, a Defense Science Board Task Force was convened in order to assess and explore new technologies that would aid in nuclear proliferation monitoring. One of their recommendations was for the director of National Intelligence to explore ways that crowdsourced geospatial imagery technologies could aid existing governmental efforts. Our research builds directly on this recommendation and provides feedback on some of the most successful examples of crowdsourced geospatial data (CGD).As of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Leno,Kenyon M, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, counter...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Navone,Nora M, University of Michigan Ann Arbor United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Biosensors based on organic thin film transistor technology offer the exciting prospect of detecting and identifying peptides; biomarkers found in bodily fluids. This development would assist in the monitoring or identification of medical diseases and facilitate rapid, point-of-care testing. In particular, neuropeptide Y is a highly abundant neurotransmitter with links to many important physiological functions, including stress response. Its rapid detection provides an opportunity to identify...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dastoor, Paul, UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE RESEARCH SERVICES GRANTS OFFICE CALLAGHAN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The study during the reporting period has used blood samples from leukemia patients who received therapeutic radiation for discovery of biomarkers. This could be used for exposure estimation in soldiers and emergency responders involved in nuclear war. The method for discovery and validation of biomarkers was optimized using samples collected from patients enrolled in two clinical trials. The utility of selected biomarkers identified from our earlier animal models has been validated and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jacob,Naduparambil K, The Ohio State University Columbus United States, biological...
The goal of this project is to define the biomarker profile of TBI-associated cognitive impairment (CI) in veterans and compare it to that of veterans with Alzheimers Disease (AD) and to age-matched controls. Our overall hypothesis is that TBI-associated CI involves a unique biomarker profile that has features distinguishable from AD and normal aging. Specifically, we hypothesize that: 1) patients with TBI associated CI will have higher phospho-tau/total tau ratio than controls who have not had...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yaffe,Kristine, Northern California Institute for Research and Education CONTRACTING...
In second year of the award (2016), 4 meritorious students were selected under HBCU Summer Undergraduate Training Program in Prostate Cancer by USU-CPDR and UDC selection committee to provide motivating experience in the state-of-the-art CaP research. The main objectives are: (a) Recruit and motivate highly qualified undergraduate trainees from UDC, (b) expose UDC students to an intellectual environment that promotes state-ofthe-art hands-on training and education in CaP research through...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Srivastava,Shiv, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Optical interferometry is a technique which can be used to obtain high-resolution imagery of a distant target by interfering light collected by multiple telescopes. Image restoration from interferometric measurements poses a unique set of challenges. The first challenge is that the measurement set provides only a sparse-sampling of the objects Fourier Transform and hence image formation from these measurements is an inherently ill-posed inverse problem. Secondly, atmospheric turbulence causes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kurien,Binoy G, Harvard University Cambridge United States, image reconstruction,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Every time a structure is deployed, it will have a slightly different deployed shape, and this deployment-to-deployment variation is part of the shape error budget. This shape variation can be estimated by combining the variation in every deformable part, or by testing the full structure. In the latter case, evaluating the deployment repeatability builds upon the testing or analysis of deployment kinematics (Chapter 6) and adds repetition.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Silver,Mark, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LEXINGTON, project, measurement,...
Evidence is needed to guide prosthetic component selection for Service members, Veterans, and civilians with lower limb amputation. A randomized crossover study is conducted to compareoutcomes associated with use of modified running-specific foot (mRSF) compared to atraditional, energy-storing foot (ESF). Key outcomes include walking endurance, metabolicenergy expenditure, step activity, and self-reported mobility, fatigue, activityrestrictions, balance confidence, and satisfaction. Results...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hafner,Brian J, University of Washington Seattle United States, prosthetics, lower...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Bone tissue naturally regenerates itself upon injuries like a broken bone. However, when the size of the injury exceeds a threshold value this capability is lost and the injury is referred to as a critical size defect. When this occurs in a war fighter it requires the use of implant technology to either help maintain functionality or induce healing to return the individual to their natural state. However, there are a number of drawbacks to the existing technologies used for injury repair. These...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bernards,Matthew, University of Missouri System Columbia United States, tissue...
There are significant cybersecurity challenges confronting the Department of Defense (DoD) and other U.S. departments and agencies due to their reliance on globalized information technology (IT) marketplace with insufficient security measures in place for a cyber supply chain providing vital IT products destined for mission critical systems. An unsecured globalized cyber supply chain provides amply opportunity for malicious actors to compromise, corrupt, and introduce counterfeit cyber...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van Etten,Stephen R, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States,...
Harvested ferroelectric nanoparticles of BaTiO3 and LiNbO3 were dispersed in Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals (FLCs) with very high spontaneous polarization (Ps). The electrooptic and dielectric parameters were documented. The dipoles of ferroelectric nanoparticles and those of FLCs are partially cancelled in an antiparallel manner. The role of cell parameters like thickness of the Nylon 6 polymer layer and the change in preparation of the polymer layer due to different mechanical rubbing cycles...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shukla,R K, Technische Universitt Darmstadt Darmstadt Germany, liquid crystals,...