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The DOD 2015 Cyber Strategy reported that a cyber attack could present a significant risk to U.S. national security. House Report 114-102 included a provision that GAO assess DODs plans for providing support to civil authorities for a domestic cyber incident. This report assesses whether (1) the National Guard has developed and DOD has visibility over capabilities that could support civil authorities in a cyber incident; and (2) DOD has conducted and participated in exercises to support civil...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, national security,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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One of the seven goals of Better Buying Power 2.0 is to improve the professionalism of the total acquisition workforce. I thought it might be useful to provide some specificity about what I have in mind when I talk about professionalism. The following is based on various experiences over my career, including some formal education on the nature of professionalism in the military, including at venues like West Point and the Army War College, in my on-the-job training in program management and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tyree,Benjamin, Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Our audit objective was to determine whether selected DoD Components were effectively consolidating their data centers in accordance with the Federal DataCenter Consolidation Initiative (FDCCI). Specifically, we planned to verify the status of the consolidations and determine whether actual efficiencies gained met the estimated efficiencies reported to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Because DoD acknowledged the significant challenges to realizing efficiencies, we focused on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Department of Defense Inspector General Alexandria United States, department of...
Since the 1960s, the United States has deployed nuclear weapons on three types of strategic delivery vehicles collectively known as the strategic triad. The triad comprises the sea-based leg (submarine-launched ballistic missiles), ground-based leg (intercontinental ballistic missiles), and airborne leg (nuclear-capable heavy bombers). As a result of arms control agreements and strategic policies, the number of U.S. nuclear weapons and strategic delivery vehicles has been reduced substantially;...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kirschbaum,Joseph W, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Why GAO Did This StudyBurn pits help base commanders manage waste generated by U.S. forces overseas, but they also produce harmful emissions that military and other health professionals believe may result in chronic health effects for those exposed. Section 313 of the NDAA for FY 2015 requires the Secretary of Defense to review DOD compliance with law and guidance regarding the disposal of covered waste in burn pits. DOD submitted a report on the results of its review in March 2016.Section 313...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, waste management,...
U.S. airlines have successfully used Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA) parts and designated engineering representative (DER) repairs to decrease the cost of their aircraft engine maintenance. These parts and repairs are provided by third-party companies and are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration to be airworthy and interchangeable with original equipment manufacturer (OEM) parts or repairs. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) operates many commercial-derivative engines in its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chenoweth,Mary E, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United...
A series of organizational changes within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) since the Cold Wars end arguably fostered a devolution of focus on the nuclear enterprise. This culminated with inexcusable incidents that questioned the credibility of the United States nuclear enterprise. Through a content analysis of reports, directives, and historical documents with interviews of Department of Defense (DoD) personnel, this research found that the organizational changes drove a dissolution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ortiz,Marc Anthony C, AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WPAFB United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a growing health concern in both civilian and military populations. Individuals who suffer from OSA have increased rates of cardiovascular disease, chronic fatigue, motor vehicle accidents, cognitive impairment, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Data from the Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) were utilized to examine the incidence of OSA and associated attrition from service in active component military members from 1 January 2004 through 31 May 2016....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rogers,Amy E, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch Silver Spring United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Adequately capturing lessons learned from noncombatant evacuation operations is crucial to improving this inherently joint and interagency effort. As the lead federal agency for the evacuation of U.S. citizens from areas of natural disaster, civil unrest, or other large scale emergency situations, the Department of State should also take the lead in conducting after action reviews and capturing lessons learned following NEOs. This work seeks to determine the current processes and capabilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Titus,Jeffrey M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) must evolve technical communication strategies to enhance its mission. Benefits will include international recognition of ARL scientists, wider impact of ARL scientific accomplishments, easier recruitment of top-notch employees, attraction of more customer funding through strong demonstration of added value and enhanced tech transfer, and strengthened relationships with academic and industry collaborators. In support of increasing ARLs impact, an internal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vettel,Jean M, US Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, online...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The efficiency and capabilities of the process map tool, ProMap, was improved by implementing new features, and sharing data with MIDAS and AMDIT databases. Specifically, process efficiency was improved by 1) providing access to APE information contained in the AMDIT database directly from inside ProMap when constructing a process map, 2) providing direct access to previously constructed process maps in ProMap from the MIDAS program, 3) permitting ProMap to retrieve characterization structure...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gramoll,Kurt C, Gramago, LLC Norman United States, department of defense, databases,...
Operations by Sixth Army Group are not as familiar to Americans for a variety of reasons. For most Americans there tends to be more attentiveness with the literature on the landings in Normandy and subsequent operations. This monograph investigates operations conducted by the Sixth Army Group during the Second World War and its effective contribution to Eisenhower's broad front strategy as measured by how they integrated the French First Army into operations, arranging its logistic support, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Beard, Rebecca E, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth...
We have reviewed the system of quality control for the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Office of the Inspector Generals (OIG) audit organization in effect for the year ended December 31, 2015, in which the USSOCOM OIGs audit organization received a rating of pass. The system review report should be read in conjunction with the comments in this letter, which we considered in determining our opinion. The findings described below were not considered significant enough to affect...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stone,Randolph R, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA...
The Department of Defense Office of Inspector General (DoD OIG) conducted this investigation at the request of the Secretary of Defense regarding assertions made by Mr. Brett Tobey, United Launch Alliances (ULA) former Vice-President of Engineering. His assertions were related to competition for National Security Space (NSS) launch missions, and whether the United States Air Force (USAF) Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) awarded contracts to ULA in accordance with DoD and Federal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA VA ALEXANDRIA...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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My first introduction to should cost occurred about 5 years ago when holding a nonacquisition billet. This peripheral perspective caused me to reach out to the Defense Acquisition University (DAU) community to learn more. As I recall, one remark about will cost and should cost was that they resembled a kitten with a yarn ballthings would get complex in due course. I chuckled, but I also kept tabs as the next few years passed, and I ended up directly handling should cost for the Air Force Life...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miller,Jennifer A, National Guard Bureau Headquarters Arlington United States, life...
This research presents and demonstrates a framework for assessing climate change risks to DoD installations and the built environment. The approach, which we call decision-scaling, reveals the core sensitivity of DoD installations to climate change. It is designed to illuminate the sensitivity of installations and their supporting infrastructure systems, including water and energy, to climate changes and other uncertainties without dependence on climate change projections. In this way the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brown,Casey, University of Massachusetts Amherst United States, climate change, water...
This working paper derives from an ongoing research effort to improve U.S. strategic design to defeat the Islamic State (IS), a hybrid insurgent-terrorist group that currently holds territory in Iraq and Syria, and has affiliates across the world. The current strategy to degrade, defeat, and destroy the Islamic State, and American strategies to succeed in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq, reveal serious flaws in the Western approach to strategic design: ends are unclear, yet it seems hard to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Connable,Ben, RAND National Security Research Division Santa Monica United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Navy and Marine Corps aviation utilizes a software suite to manage logistics known as NTCSS, and one of its primary applications is NALCOMIS. NALCOMIS has two configurations that are used by organizational and intermediate level maintenance activities, Optimized Organizational Maintenance Activity (OOMA) and Optimized Intermediate Maintenance Activity (OIMA). These configurations communicate with each other when co-located with a local client server. If a squadron departs its home station for a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Schnetzler,Aaron P, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, web browsers,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Over the past decade, the Department of Defense has placed a great amount of attention on the advancements of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and more specifically on employing a large number of autonomous UAVs into swarms. These swarms form an organized cluster of vehicles to act out multifaceted operations as a group. Despite the benefits offered by UAV swarms, there are hurdles that engineering teams must grapple with while designing a UAV swarm system. One key area is creating and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Revill,Michael B, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, unmanned aerial...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The central goal of this thesis is to determine whether or not something inherent in US military culture makes members of the Department of Defense (DOD) more prone to sexual assault than their civilian counterparts. Lt Col Peter Lee assesses the role of masculinity in defining the DODs organizational culture and seeks to apply social scientific analysis to the problem of sexual assault in such a culture. Using organizational change theory as an analytical lens to military culture, he...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lee,Peter, U.S. Air Force Washington United States, sexual assault, department of...
The 59th Medical Wing (59 MDW) Clinical Research Division (CRD) is a 60-man organization that executes the largest Air Force (AF) Clinical investigation Program (CIP) which aims to improve the quality of healthcare for Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries by generating an atmosphere of scientific inquiry, promoting an academic environment of high professional standing, and providing a means to assist in the accreditation of graduate medical education and other allied health training...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Calcote, Joshua C, 59th Medical Wing Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of provider compliance with oral cancer screenings as mandated by the DoD Dental Procedure codes D0120, D0150, and D0180,and to make a basic assessment of provider training and comfort in performing oral cancer screenings. Methods: This study employed a one-tailed online survey that provided descriptive information about the presence or absence of compliance with oral cancer screenings as well as the feeling of competence to complete...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Richards,Cory D, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Ft. Hood United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The continued rise of self-radicalized lone-wolf terrorist attacks and mass shootings by mentally unstable individuals presents significant security challenges for military personnel serving outside of DoD facilities and at geographically separated units that offer no security. The recent attack on a recruiting center in Chattanooga, TN highlights this concern and raises the question of whether arming additional military members is a prudent force protection measure to counter this emerging...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bowman,John K, Aiar War College Maxwell Air Force Base United States, reserve officer...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Department of Defense relies on cyberspace and the myriad families of systems and networks it supports to deliver decision dominance and battlespace superiority across every warfighting domain. A Revolution of Military Affairs (RMA) is underway in which cyberspace is the key terrain and enables true cross-domain warfare through information operations, network operations, and electromagnetic operations. Furthermore, high-paced technological changes permeate social, political, economic and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fountain,Erica, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The chain of command for Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs) is short and straight. In most cases, responsibility and authority is limited to, and rises up, from the Program Manager, to the Program Executive Officer, to the Service/Component Acquisition Executive and, for ACAT ID programs, to the Defense Acquisition Executive. Other staff and organizations provide support and advice. MDAP Milestone A, B, and C reviews require the submission of an independent cost estimate. The Air Force...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FARRELL,SUZANNE, AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States, cost...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In May of 2015, the Deputy Secretary of Defense directed the DBB to form a task group to recommend actions the DoD should take to significantly reduce the cost of maintaining its real property (RP) inventory. The Terms of Reference can be found at Tab A. The DoD faces an extraordinary confluence of management challenges, mounting costs, and budget reductions. In light of these conditions, the task group viewed this as an opportune time for Defense leadership to make needed changes in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wright,Joseph, Defense Business Board Washington United States, Task forces,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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As the warfighters need for Information Technology (IT) and the data contained within increases, so does the need for Information Assurance (IA) (data integrity) to support mission assurance. To ensure IA and to support the mission, changes need to be made to Air Force IT policies and methodologies to facilitate compliance with public laws, DoD guidance, and ensure IT security to support the warfighter. To support those needs there are public laws in place mandating IT security, as well as a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Michael,Randy J, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States,...
Todays joint force followed a long and winding road before every Major Defense Acquisition Program (MDAP) requirement fell under the oversight of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staffs Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC). By 2003, the JROCs processes evolved again with the publication of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS). A fully interoperable and integrated joint force was now on the horizon due to JCIDS, but what was the resultant impact of JCIDS on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Peters,Lyle J, AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Earned Value Management (EVM) division in Performance Assessments and Root Cause Analyses (PARCA) of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition serves as the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) focal point for all policy, guidance, and competency relating to EVM. EVMs role as a tool for integrated program management across DoD has increased in prominence in recent years; yet, as a cross-functional community, EVM faces challenges in workforce management that communities in designated...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Young,Stephanie, RAND Corporation National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Threats against the Departments networks and information systems (IS) continue to increase. It is time for Commanders and Supervisors at all levels, including the operational level, to lead engagement in improving cybersecurity readiness across the force. Inspection reports and lessons learned from recent network intrusions have revealed Department-wide, systemic shortfalls in implementing basic cybersecurity requirements established in policies, directives, and orders. Most successful...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Carter,Ashton, Department of Defense Washington United States, computer networks,...
Our objective was to determine whether DoD developed controls to effectively manage the shared costs of administrative support functions in Iraq. This audit relatesto Operation Inherent Resolve, an overseas contingency operation, and was completed in accordance with the OIGs responsibilities described in Section 8L of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended. U.S. Army Central (ARCENT) initially signed an interagency agreement with the Department of State to temporarily useand pay for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Roark,Michael J, Department of Defense Inspector General Alexandria United States,...
Gram-negative Klebsiella bacterial infections are of growing global public health and clinical concern. Epidemics of multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria, including Klebsiella species, have occurred worldwide in the last two decades, including regions where United States (US) military forces are regularly deployed. In 2014, the incidence of all Klebsiella spp. infections increased to 83.6 cases per 100,000 eligible beneficiaries from 63.0 cases per 100,000 eligible beneficiaries in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McAuliffe,Kathryn, Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center Portsmouth United...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The global environment is one that is increasing in complexity and instability. To prevent future failures and ensure U.S. strategic interests are preserved, the Department of Defense must make changes in current officer professional military education to develop a core population of elite strategic thinkers and operational artists. This thesis proposes a program, called the Joint Master Operational Planner Program, that will produce planners that are able to understand the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hibner,Daniel H, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA NORFOLK United States, military...
The Department of State and the Department of Defense (DOD) have long shared responsibility for U.S. assistance to train, equip, and otherwise engage with foreign military and other security forces. The legal framework for such assistance emerged soon after World War II, when Congress charged the Secretary of State with responsibility for overseeing and providing general direction for military and other security assistance programs and the Secretary of Defense with responsibility for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Serafino,Nina M, Congressional Research Service Washington, military forces(foreign),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Purpose: In accordance with the authority in DoD Directive (DoDD) 5134.01, this issuance establishes policy, assigns responsibilities, and provides direction for the management of individuals assigned to perform specified duties associated with U.S. nuclear weapons, nuclear command and control (NC2) systems, positive control material (PCM) and equipment, and special nuclear material (SNM) and subject to a nuclear weapons personnel reliability assurance program as directed in DoDD S-5210.81,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics...
Objective. We determined whether the contracts and tasks orders related to the Army Utility Energy Services Contracts (UESCs) were properly awarded and administered.Specifically, we reviewed the contract and task orders related to the UESC awarded for the U.S. Army Garrison Presidio of Monterey (POM), Monterey, California, with a maximum expected value of $10 million. This is the second in a series of audits on Army UESCs. Finding. Contracting personnel at the San Antonio Mission and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Department of Defense Inspector General Alexandria United States, auditing, awards,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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ACAT I Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAP), Major Automated Information Systems (MAIS)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Taylor,William E, Program Executive Officer Land Systems marine Corps Quantico United...
DOD is the governments largest purchaser of contractor-provided services. In 2008, Congress required DOD to compile and review an annual inventory of its contracted services to identify the number of contractors performing services and the functions contractors performed. In 2011, Congress required DOD to use that inventory to inform certain decision-making processes, including workforce planning and budgeting. GAO has previously reported on the challenges DOD faces in compiling, reviewing, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This project was a follow-up to the SERDP-FY-12 statement of need in search of W2E technologies at TRL 6 for demonstration. Inaddition, this project included compiling relevant DoD W2E progress in one document. A sources sought solicitation was issued and anindustry day was conducted with the help of the JDW2E community in search of ready to demonstrate W2E systems. While the concept ofW2E is desired, in reality, there are many challenges associated with W2E systems at a small scale...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Relph, Tami, NAVFAC EXWC Port Hueneme United States, waste management, energy...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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PRISM is published by the Center for Complex Operations. PRISM is a security studies journal chartered to inform members of U.S. Federal agencies, allies, and other partners on complex and integrated national security operations; reconstruction and state-building; relevant policy and strategy; lessons learned; and developments in training and education to transform Americas security and development.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miklaucic,Michael, National Defense University Fort Lesley J. McNair United States,...
The convergence of popular wars, ethnic and religious conflict, ideological extremism, and competition over diminishing resources are messy scenarios that defy prescriptive solutions. Yet this messiness is what increasingly defines todays operating environment, requiring adaptive combinations of knowledge and action within a unified interagency framework. In this context, Special Operations Forces (SOF), to include Information Operations and Civil Affairs,plays an increasingly active and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Varhola, Christopher, Joint Special Operations University Senior Fellow MacDill AFB...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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So began the testimony of General Barrow before the Senate Armed Services Committee in June 1991 regarding his opinion on women in combat during which he gave his ultimate conclusion: women can't do it and there is no military need to put women into combat. (footnote 2) That is about to change. In the wake of women successfully integrating into submarines and graduating from Army Ranger School, an additional--and heretofore underappreciated--factor is poised to alter the women in combat debate:...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Letendre, Linell A, U.S. Air Force Academy Air Force Academy United States, COMBAT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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One purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of hippotherapy on motor performance in individuals with disabilities. Fifty veterans will be recruited and receive traditional physical therapy and physical therapy including hippotherapy. Measures will be taken after each session and analyzed. This study will also evaluate the impact of the Beck PRIDE Center on health and well being and quality of life. It will document veteran completion of referrals and engagement with care across six...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hanrahan,Susan, Arkansas State University Jonesboro United States, wounds and...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Through PEPFAR and DoD resources, the US Department of Defense provides the worlds largest source of HIV assistance to militaries and works with a worldwide cadre of military HIV experts to combat the harm that HIV inflicts on the health and readiness of the worlds military populations. Encouraging sustainability through the development of local capacity and expansion of facilities remains an important priority for DHAPP.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hess,Stephanie, NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA SAN DIEGO United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Tactical Mission Command (TMC) is a family of systems with an enduring mission to provide mission command computing capabilities to Army commanders and their staffs, consisting primarily of a user-customizable Common Operating Picture (COP) enabled with real-time collaboration. These capabilities, together with Voice-Over-Internet-Protocol, combine to provide real-time situational awareness and decision support capabilities across the formation (battalion through Army Service Component...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tisch,Robert, U. S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground, department of defense, test and...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The JOMIS Program will modernize, deploy, and sustain the Department of Defense's (DoDs) operational medicine information systems by fielding the DoD Modernized Electronic Health Record (EHR) solution while developing and fielding new theater capabilities to enable comprehensive health services to deployed forces across the range of military operations. The JOMIS Program is under the executive management and oversight of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Evans,Claire, Department of Defense Rosslyn United States, information systems, test...
As part of the Department of Defenses exploration into alternative energy solutions, this research focused on developing and implementing a control strategy for a microgrid system that was developed using a multi-physics energy approach. The objective was to demonstrate a microgrid system that more effectively uses renewable energy based on the end-use application of energy. The NPS Integrated Multi-Physics Renewable Energy Laboratory microgrid system was designed primarily for heating and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hawxhurst,Kevin L, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, energy storage,...
This research explores the integration of the Constructive Systems Engineering Cost Model (COSYSMO) into early modeling efforts for the Department of Defense (DOD). Initial acquisition decisions influence the analysis and design of systems engineers, who face an increasingly complex and dynamic environment with significant impact on system life-cycle decisions and cost. This work utilizes a model-based systems engineering (MBSE) approach and the systems modeling language (SysML) to highlight...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Edwards,Dennis J, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, model...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Unmanned tactical autonomous control and collaboration (UTACC) is a Marine Corps experimental research initiative with the overarching aim of developing a collaborative human-robotic system of systems (SoS). This thesis analyzed the results of the existing UTACC concept development and incorporated them into an emergent human-robotic system development method, Coactive Design. An advantage to using this method is that it includes the human and his or her internal processes when modeling the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zach,Matthew S, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, marine corps,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Insider threats expose every nation, state, and business entity to danger; however, most of these organizations do not realize this, or they choose to ignore it. Since most studies and technical solutions for insider threats originate from the United States, a good starting point for organizations such as the Turkish General Command of Gendarmerie (TGCG) would be to analyze lessons learned from U.S. examples to try to find ways to adapt countermeasures, considering cultural constraints. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Cini,Aydin, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, computer network...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In the contemporary environment, in which fiscal responsibility is a priority, each United States government (USG) organization must do more with less. The Department of Defense (DOD) is compelled to conduct military operations across the globe with fewer service members, and the Department of State(DOS) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) are both being asked to conduct interventions with less capital, fewer foreign service officers, and fewer field representatives....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chenard,Jeffrey, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, foreign aid,...
The Department of Defense has enacted military retirement reforms that will change the vested pension system into a hybrid pension and matching Thrift Savings Plan contribution called the Blended Retirement System. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of a previously developed retirement tool (RETIRE Tool) that allows service members to evaluate and compare the net present values (NPV) of the HIGH-36 retirement system (HIGH-36) and the blended Thrift Savings Plan...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gilreath,Nathan D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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To give ones life in service to country conjures images of young soldiers willingly sacrificing their lives on the battlefield, perhaps even the single seat pilot who faces overwhelming odds in one final, heroic act. The warriors death is self-sacrificing and establishes the difference between victory and defeat, good or evil, or in the most dramatic case, survival versus the death of mankind. These are the images of Hollywood films and though the audience wants the hero to win and to live, a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Humphrey,Tenaya G, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force...
In second year of the award (2016), 4 meritorious students were selected under HBCU Summer Undergraduate Training Program in Prostate Cancer by USU-CPDR and UDC selection committee to provide motivating experience in the state-of-the-art CaP research. The main objectives are: (a) Recruit and motivate highly qualified undergraduate trainees from UDC, (b) expose UDC students to an intellectual environment that promotes state-ofthe-art hands-on training and education in CaP research through...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Srivastava,Shiv, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The number of attacks on computer networks is massive; for example, in 2013, the Pentagon reported getting 10 million attempted cyber intrusions a day. 1 These attacks are also growing in sophistication, primarily because cyber attackers are using combinations of techniques such as inserting malicious code (malware) or email phishing, and are adding complexity to the attack by involving multiple parties. 2 And, cyber intruders are breaching systems in just minutes. 2 Network operators, who are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Stetson,Douglas E, MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington United States, computer security,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Neither the United States government nor the Department of Defense has ever achieved unity of command during an unplanned or unforeseen multistate domestic incident. Why is unity of command important during response operations? Joint Publication 3-0, offers the following guidance, Unified action is a comprehensive approach that synchronizes, coordinates, and when appropriate, integrates military operations with the activities of other governmental and nongovernmental organizations to achieve...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dudley,Trent O, Air War College, Air University United States, interagency...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Budget Control Act of 2011 along with sequestration is forcing the Department of Defense to reduce expenditures significantly compared to post 9/11 spending. As the Army reduces in strength, so will the civilian workforce at commensurate levels (Tan, 2015). The civilian Defense workforce has been challenged to address proper age diversity as they seek to balance experience with building the bench for tomorrow. The culprit behind this dilemma is due mostly to the hiring restrictions in place...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hodges,Chris D, Defense Acquisition University Huntsville United States, civilian...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Acquisition cycle timeroughly speaking, the development lead time to field a working system once we have identified a need for a new materiel solutionis a hot topic in defense circles. This work takes a data-driven look at historical and current acquisition program cycle times. We show that the trend toward longer cycle times over the past few decades is restricted to a handful of high-profile programs, which has profound implications for effective policy response. We also show evidence that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tate,David M, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria United States, ACQUISITION,...
DOD prepositions stocks--such as combat vehicles and repair parts--at locations around the world to prepare forces quickly for conflicts when needed. Section 2229a of Title10 includes a provision for DOD to report annually on its prepositioned stocks, and for GAO to review DODs report and provide Congress additional information on any issues identified. This report addresses the extent to which (1) DODs fiscal year 2014 report addressed the 12 statutorily required elements; and (2) DOD has made...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Russell,Cary, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, O'Rourke,Ronald, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, government...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report summarizes influenza activity among Department of Navy (DON) and Department of Defense (DOD) beneficiaries during the 2015-2016 influenza season. Using multiple electronic data sources (namely laboratory results, pharmacy transactions, immunization records, encounter and admission records, medical event reports) the impact of influenza on the DON beneficiary population was assessed and summarized. Each data source enabled the evaluation from a different clinical perspective, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Payne,Rebecca, Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center Portsmouth United States,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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For fiscal year 2017, DOD plans to spend more than $38 billion on information technology to support thousands of networks and millions of computers and other electronic devices connected to its networks. In August 2010, the Secretary of Defense announced an initiative, the JIE, to consolidate infrastructure in order to improve mission effectiveness, achieve savings, and improve network security.A Senate Armed Services committee report included a provision for GAO to evaluate JIE. GAOs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Harris,Carol C, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States,...
This study identifies the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other personal characteristics (KSAOs) needed in individuals who will be responsible for implementing strategic diversity plans in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The authors interviewed more than 60 diversity leaders in industry, the public sector (including DoD), and academia and reviewed relevant scientific literature, education programs, and advertised job requirements. The study found that primary roles and responsibilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lytell,Maria C, RAND National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States,...
The Director, Total Force Planning and Requirements, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness (OUSD[P and R]), asked the RAND Corporation to undertake a study titled Facilitating Military-to-Civilian Conversions. The objective of this research project was to identify the primary impediments to converting military positions to government civilian positions and to recommend changes to statutes, policies, and/or business practices that would facilitate these conversions....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lewis,Jennifer L, RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States, military personnel,...
seeking to reduce its headquarters activities by identifying streamlining opportunities. DOD has multiple layers of headquarters activities with complex, overlapping relationships, such as OSD, the Joint Staff, the military service secretariats and staffs, and defense agencies. Committee reports accompanying bills for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 included provisions for GAO to identify DODs headquarters reduction efforts to date and patterns in functional areas...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, SAVINGS,...
We determined whether the Marine Corps Regional Contracting OfficeNational CapitalRegion implemented the recommendationsin Report No. DODIG-2015-095, Small Business Contracting at Regional Contracting OfficeNational Capital Region Needs Improvement, March 20, 2015. OnOctober 6, 2015, the Marine Corps Regional Contracting OfficeNational Capital Region was renamed as Marine Corps Installations National Capital RegionRegional Contracting Office (MCINCRRCO). We will use the new name throughout the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Department of Defense Inspector General Alexandria United States, MARINE CORPS...
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 mandates an audit of DODs fiscal year 2018 department-wide financial statements. To help achieve this, the DOD Comptroller issued the FIAR Guidance to provide a standard methodology for DOD components to follow to improve financial management and achieve audit readiness, and designated the SBR as an audit priority. Full implementation of the Navys General Fund FIP for FBWT is essential to achieving audit readiness for its General Fund...
Topics: DTIC Archive, U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States, NAVY, DEPARTMENT OF...
An Organic Rankine Cycle generator (ORC) converts low-grade waste heat (250 C) into electric power using organic working fluids with lower boiling points than the common steam-based Rankine cycle. The demonstration objectives were to verify the performance, economics, and applicability of the ElectraTherm ORC in both controlled load and real world conditions at a DoD site.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hansen,Timothy, Southern Research Institute Birmingham United States, electric...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The new military retirement system is advertised to significantly reduce the Department of Defenses (DOD) monetary outlays over the short and long term. These savings are generated through a variety of assumptions outside of the departments control. The variables that have the greatest impact over cost savings are controlled by service members (SM) actions, choices, and federal interest rates. Critical analysis of these variables could potentially affect future cost savings and is key in budget...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hanlon,James C, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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In 2013, the Department of Defense (DOD) implemented an accuracy metric to monitor how well the services and Defense Logistics Agency were forecasting demand for inventory items. After three years, results were still poor. DOD uses a metric derived from the Mean of Absolute Percentage Error, yet it differs in significant ways, such as including unit cost to enable the aggregation of data pertaining to all items. In this study, we analyze how unit cost and other parameters affect the validity of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rigoni,Michael P, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, department of...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Army's Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) Contingency Contract Administration Services (CCAS) mission in Kuwait and Qatar has demonstrated that many of the resources required to successfully administer service contracts in a contingency environment already existed within the command but were in need of a little polishing and realignment. Given the high stakes of the CCAS Mission, the Battalion set out to establish a solid foundation for effective contract management, thereby...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ramirez,Tina L, contract administration, department of defense, lessons learned,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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NextFlex, America's Flexible Hybrid Electronics Manufacturing Innovation Institute, is a program formed out of a cooperative agreement awarded to the nonprofit FlexTech Alliance on Aug 28, 2015. NextFlex is the seventh manufacturing innovation institute created to scale up emerging technologies, foster American innovation, and establish a U.S. manufacturing base to accelerate transition into both defense and commercial products.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Leever,Benjamin J, Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, wearable...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Research project management ought to be considered an essential part of any effort, by departmental administrator and funding sponsor alike. Auditory portfolio management is often hidden within broader mission scopes and visibility into those portfolio is often limited at best. Current specialty-specific tracking databases do not exist. Current broad-sweeping portfolio management tools do not exist (not true--define terms?). The HCE receives requests from a variety of oversight bodies for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Camou,Elsa, 81 Medical Wing San Antonio United States, department of defense,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Department of Defense (DOD) has some problems in its contracting workforce that make the department susceptible to procurement fraud. In fiscal year (FY) 2014, $285 billion was spent on federal contracts. In FY 2015, the DOD increased its obligation to $290 billion. The DOD committed more money than all other government agencies combined. In total, the U.S. Department of Justice in its annual evaluation stated that there were 4,801 United States government-wide fraud investigations in 2015.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Grennan,Jeremy A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, contract...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As the Department of Defense (DOD) places increased emphasis on a smaller, skilled workforce, Human Capital and Social Capital (HC and SC) preservation become more important. The revolving door is an efficient but politically charged HC and SC preservation method. How are retired military second careers framed, and how should we understand them? What HC investments does the DOD make in officers, and what use is that investment to second-career employers? How large is the revolving door, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hammond,Devin K, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, officer personnel,...