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Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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During this Department of Defense, Army Research Office grant project, the AMTC supported the development of 18 manufacturing skill training courses with the addition of the Automation in Manufacturing, Quality Improvement, Lean Manufacturing and Surface Mount Technician courses added during this last year. Additionally, twenty-four credit courses were developed to support seven College Credit Certificate programs and the Associate of Science Engineering Technology degree completed during this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TALLAHASSEE COMMUNITY COLL FL, *COURSES(EDUCATION), *MANUFACTURING, *TRAINING,...
The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) procedure has been the principal method used for design of flexible pavements for both military roads and airfields since its development in the 1940s. In recent years, as the use of analytical models, such as the layered elastic and finite element models, became accepted for pavement design, the CBR design procedure was criticized as being empirical, overly simplistic, and outdated. A major criticism of the procedure was the use of a correction factor (Alpha...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS GEOTECHNICAL AND STRUCTURES...
Prostate cancer (CaP) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and second leading cause of cancer deaths among American men and as such represents a major public health issue. CaP displays a range of clinical behaviors, from indolent to aggressive, with development of overt metastatic disease being arguably one of most significant events in the progression of prostate cancer. At present digital rectal exams (DRE) and PSA screening are the gold-standard for detection of prostate cancer. In stark...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA, *ANTIBODIES, *BIOLOGICAL DETECTION, *PROSTATE CANCER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Network coding is a new paradigm of communication networks that promises advantages in throughput, robustness, and complexity. Since the fundamental premise of linear network coding is that transmitted data packets are subject to linear combinations, for all network coding schemes so far, a full rank of received packets is required to invert the linear mapping so as to recover the transmitted data packets. This requirement unfortunately results in a key drawback of network coding: either all...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB ROME NY INFORMATION DIRECTORATE, *CODING, *COMMUNICATIONS...
Managing an acquisition program in the DoD is a complicated process. The turbulence created by funding instability can make it even more difficult. Nonetheless, to help program offices maintain their overall funding execution pace, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) instituted Obligation and Expenditure rate goals over two decades ago. For numerous reasons, acquisition program managers have found it difficult to meet established Obligation and Expenditure rate goals. For purposes of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *ACQUISITION, CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION, COSTS,...
Comparison of methanol photochemistry at three-dimensionally (3D) networked aerogels of TiO2 or Au-TiO2 reveals that incorporated Au nanoparticles strongly sensitize the oxide nanoarchitecture to visible light. Methanol dissociatively adsorbs at the surfaces of TiO2 and Au-TiO2 aerogels under dark, high-vacuum conditions. Upon irradiation of either ultraporous material with broadband UV light under anaerobic conditions, adsorbed methoxy groups act as hole-traps and extend conduction-band and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC SURFACE CHEMISTRY BRANCH, *METHANOLS, *PHOTOCHEMICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This project uses fast, high-throughput in vitro approach to study new nanomaterials applicable to Chemical Biological Defense (CBD) for their environmental and human related toxicity. Four CBD nanomaterials were evaluated for their aquatic toxicity by Microtox test and human cytotoxicity by NRU assay. These studies fill the data gaps and provide toxicity information useful in risk assessment when the environmental and human exposure to these new CBD nanomaterials. In addition, Transepithelial...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ARMY INST OF PUBLIC HEALTH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In recent years, the number of information sources available to support decision-making has increased dramatically. However, more information sources do not always mean higher precision in the fused information. This is partially due to the fact that some of these sources may be erroneous or malicious. Therefore, it is critical to asses the trust in information before performing fusion. To estimate trust in information, existing approaches use trustworthiness of its source as a proxy. We argue...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD, *DECISION MAKING, *INFORMATION SYSTEMS, DATA FUSION,...
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The objective of this thesis is to evaluate a modeling and simulation tool for the analysis of the Trident II D5 missile nose fairing to determine the limitations of serviceability through the extended service life of the D5 missile. The benefit of this analysis is a means to evaluate and manage the remaining nose fairing supply and serve as a baseline for future production of nose fairings. Constructed of a Sitka spruce and fiberglass laminate, the nose fairing is designed as the lifting point...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *LIFE CYCLES, *NOSES, *SUBMARINES,...
Seafloor digital imagery and bathymetric data are used to evaluate the volcanic characteristics of the 85 E segment of the ultraslow spreading Gakkel Ridge (9 mm yr[expn -1]). Imagery reveals that ridges and volcanic cones in the axial valley are covered by numerous, small-volume lava flows, including a few flows fresh enough to have potentially erupted during the 1999 seismic swarm at the site. The morphology and distribution of volcaniclastic deposits observed on the seafloor at depths of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE JOINT PROGRAM IN APPLIED OCEAN SCIENCE AND...
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Current diagnostic modalities are inadequate to reliably differentiate between aggressive and indolent forms of prostate cancer (PCa). A significant number of men receive potentially unnecessary treatment along with associated morbidities. Identification of novel risk factors will allow for more reliable early diagnosis of PCa. Defective sensors of DNA damage and the resulting genetic instability likely are involved in the early development of PCa. The objective of this project is to determine...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARIZONA UNIV TUCSON, *DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS, *GENETICS, *PROSTATE CANCER, BIOPSY,...
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The goal of this research has been to improve tropical cyclone intensity prediction through a theoretical study of the hurricane inner core (i.e., within 100-km), the role of ocean structure on hurricane intensity, and the incorporation of those results in a simplified intensity prediction system. The intensity prediction system is being tested in an operational framework in the western North Pacific and is being provided to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) for evaluation. The intensity...
Topics: DTIC Archive, COLORADO STATE UNIV FORT COLLINS DEPT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE, *TROPICAL CYCLONES,...
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The overall objective was to improve the understanding of RDX transformation in plant tissues and the subsequent cycling of tissue-associated RDX and RDX daughter products among soil mineral and humic fractions following plant senescence. The hypothesis was that environmental risks from RDX at military training ranges can be reduced, and possibly eliminated, through a series of coupled processes involving plant uptake, plant enzyme mediated transformation, photodegradation in the plant, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The US Army Engineer District, San Francisco (SPN) and the Coastal Inlets Research Program conducted a pilot study to consider various placement locations for dredged material in vicinity of Noyo Harbor, CA. Approximately 30,000-40,000 cu yd/yr of beach-quality sediment is dredged from the navigation channel and the lower Noyo River, located on the north central California coast. The pilot study investigated several potential locations for placement of dredged sediments in one of two areas...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB,...
In the present study, we use numerical simulations to investigate the three-dimensional flows over low-aspect-ratio at plates undergoing two canonical motions at low Reynolds numbers. The first motion is defined by the at plate initially translating at 0deg incidence that pitches to 45deg about its leading edge. The second motion consists of the at plate at a constant 45deg incidence in a quiescent fluid, where the plate accelerates up to a constant velocity. The focus of this study is to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH AIR VEHICLES DIRECTORATE, *ASPECT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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We re-examine the popular belief that a telluric planet or a satellite on an eccentric orbit can, outside a spin-orbit resonance, be captured in a quasi-static tidal equilibrium called pseudosynchronous rotation. The existence of such configurations was deduced from oversimplified tidal models assuming either a constant tidal torque or a torque linear in the tidal frequency. A more accurate treatment requires that the torque be decomposed into the Darwin-Kaula series over the tidal modes, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL OBSERVATORY WASHINGTON DC, *CELESTIAL MECHANICS, ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES, ORBITS,...
Escherichia coli were genetically modified to enable programmed motility, sensing, and actuation based on the density of features on nearby surfaces. Then, based on calculated feature density, these cells expressed marker proteins to indicate phenotypic response. Specifically, site-specific synthesis of bacterial quorum sensing autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is used to initiate and recruit motile cells. In our model system, we rewired E. coli's AI-2 signaling pathway to direct bacteria to a squamous...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD SENSORS AND ELECTRON DEVICES DIRECTORATE, *GENE...
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We present an overview of the quantum design, growth and lasing operation of both IR and mid-IR OPSL structures aimed at extracting multi-Watt powers CW and multi-kW peak power pulsed. Issues related to power scaling are identified and discussed. The IR OPSLs based on InGaAs QW bottom emitters targeted at wavelengths between 1015nm and 1040nm are operated in CW mode (yielding a maximum power of 64W) and pulsed (peak power of 245W). The mid-IR top emitter OPSLs designed to lase at 2 microns are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB HANSCOM AFB MA SENSORS DIR, *SEMICONDUCTOR LASERS, QUANTUM...
The goal of the project was to understand how changes in the rate of energy addition can be used to alter the combustion instability characteristics of liquid rocket engines. Fuels with increased energy, either due to higher heats of formation or energetic additives, presumably result in higher performance. This study seeks to understand how changes in combustion rate, due to fuel chemistry changes, might be used to develop high-performing, stable rocket engines. The overall objective of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IN, *LIQUID PROPELLANT ROCKET ENGINES, COMBUSTION STABILITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This progress report covers the first period of funding (April 2012-September 2012). The first objective was to collect meaningful gear fault progression data starting from healthy NASA-designed spur test gears and ending with failed parts. Because tooth breaking gives rise to catastrophic failures of larger systems that employ gearboxes, the focus was placed on this failure mode. Data has been collected with the development of prognostic algorithms in mind. With previously designed,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ROCHESTER INST OF TECH NY, *FATIGUE(MECHANICS), *GEARS, CRACK PROPAGATION, DATA...
A highly tunable millimeter-wave subcarrier signal is generated by optically injecting a Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser. The optically injected light, which enables microwave subcarrier frequencies well beyond the injected laser's free-running relaxation oscillation frequency, is then on-off keyed by direct-current (dc) modulation of the injected slave laser. Adjustment of the subcarrier frequency is easily accomplished by changing either the dc bias current and/or junction temperature of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SENSORS DIR, *SEMICONDUCTOR LASERS,...
Experiments were performed at AFIT to determine the effect of active control of the magnetic field strength to reduce the breathing mode oscillation on the efficiency of a 200W Hall thruster. The breathing mode oscillation amplitude was measured by the root mean square (RMS) variation in the AC portion of the discharge current. Experiments were run using krypton and xenon propellant. Using the xenon propellant control of the RMS improved the propellant utilization efficiency by approximately 2%...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *AIR FORCE RESEARCH, EDUCATION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *OPTIMIZATION, AIR FORCE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA, *MATERIALS SCIENCE, AIR FORCE...
ISAF s mission in Afghanistan has shifted from a combat role to focus more on preparing ANSF units to assume lead security responsibility by the end of 2014. A key element in advising and assisting the ANSF is SFA advisor teams, provided by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps. A House Armed Services Committee report accompanying its version of the Fiscal Year 2013 National Defense Authorization Act directed GAO to review DOD s establishment and use of SFA advisor teams. Specifically, GAO evaluated...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The long-term goal of this project is to improve the prediction of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis, structure and intensity changes through improved representation of 3- dimensional TC structure at the initial time. The accurate prediction of TC genesis, structure and intensity changes is critical to Navy missions and civilian activities in coastal areas. Significant gains have been made in the TC track prediction over the past decades. The genesis and intensity forecast, however, has shown very...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU, *FORECASTING, *TROPICAL CYCLONES, ACCURACY, CIVIL AFFAIRS,...
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This article argues that external forces will drive the US Air Force to procure a very different force structure than the one currently postulated for the early 2030s. Specifically, the service will eventually settle on a structure for its combat air forces (CAF) dominated by longer-range strike platforms capable of remotely piloted operations a range-balanced force. The first section of the article describes the future environment and challenges that will shape the force structure. The second...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AIR FORCE EQUIPMENT, *AIR FORCE...
Our specific aims are: a) determine if blood based dipstick test of mitochondrial damage can predict the severity of metabolic failure and brain injury after TBI or TBI with preexisting stress (PTSD+TBI), b) study pyruvate as a countermeasure to mitigate mitochondrial functions in injured brain. Male Sprague Dawley rats with TBI, PTSD and PTSD+TBI were treated with/out pyruvate. We found that even one week after TBI, the metabolic, neurobehavioral parameters and expression of cellular proteins...
Topics: DTIC Archive, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD DEPT OF ANESTHESIOLOGY,...
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There is currently a gap in translating the performance enhancements made possible by new maneuver strategies into operational benefits derived for spacecraft missions. In the context of imaging satellites, slew time is one of the key factors that influences the economic performance of image collection operations. To analyze the operational benefits associated with adopting time-optimal maneuver strategies to reduce slew times, this thesis studies two different operational scenarios based on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SPACECRAFT, ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES, COMMERCE,...
The goals of this study were to 1) describe in-depth the knowledge, attitudes, health behaviors, and life plans of a cohort of 40 daughters, ages 18-24 years, of mothers who are BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, and 2) define specific health educational, psychological, insurance and medical needs of this population. We found significant genetics knowledge gaps, high cancer-related distress, worries about the impact of BRCA1/2 risk and risk reduction options on marriage and childbearing and high levels...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DANA-FARBER CANCER INST BOSTON MA, *BREAST CANCER, *GENETICS, *HEALTH, *MEDICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Parallel algorithms for sparse matrix-matrix multiplication typically spend most of their time on inter-processor communication rather than on computation, and hardware trends predict the relative cost of communication will only increase. Thus, sparse matrix multiplication algorithms must minimize communication costs in order to scale to large processor counts. In this paper, we consider multiplying sparse matrices corresponding to Erdos-Renyi random graphs on distributed-memory parallel...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY DEPT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE,...
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Hastily formed networks (HFNs) are deployed in the aftermath of a disaster. They are formed by people from different communities who work together in a shared conversation space. The network component of the shared conversation space is the backbone of the communication system. It can be created using technologies such as Ethernet, WiFi, and WiMAX. HFNs face huge challenges in the integration of mobile devices that will provide better mobility in the conversation space, especially with the fast...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, COMMUNICATION AND...
Clinical data show that there is a strong correlation between the cosmetic outcome of women with early stage breast cancers treated with MSB applicator and the spacing between the MammoSite balloon surface and the skin. Many woman are not able to take advantage of MSB because of inadequate balloon-to-skin distances. The implementation of a thin customizable shielding layer to the MammoSite procedure will allow dynamic control over the skin dose overlying the MammoSite balloon. Dose distribution...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HAMPTON UNIV VA, *BREAST CANCER, *IMAGES, *THERAPY, FEMALES
Infection of human prostatic epithelial cells with lentiviruses expressing Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-myc generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Comparison of gene and protein expression of these prostatic iPSCs and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) revealed similarities but also some differences. Prostate iPSCs could be induced into endodermal, ectodermal, and mesodermal lineages, confirming pluripotency. In response to inductive factors, prostate iPSCs differentiated into basal and secretory...
Topics: DTIC Archive, STANFORD UNIV CA, *CELLS(BIOLOGY), *IDENTIFICATION, *PROSTATE CANCER, *STEM CELLS,...
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The goal of this project is to evaluate the effect of a moderate-level brain injury on risk for opioid abuse using preclinical models of abuse-related behaviors in rats. Thus far we have assessed the effect of brain injury on the rewarding effects of oxycodone in two rat self-administration procedures. We have found that there are significant differences in the acquisition and maintenance of oxycodone intravenous self-administration behavior between brain-injured and control rats. Data...
Topics: DTIC Archive, VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIV RICHMOND, *DRUG ABUSE, *TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The advent of the Internet followed by the diffusion of Web 2.0 has the potential to revolutionize the delivery of clinical training in healthcare in both collocated and non collocated clinical environments [1 4]. This is of significant relevance to the military given the shortage of healthcare providers and the disparate locations in which the military has to operate. The objective of this proposal was to design, develop and evaluate a socially relevant knowledge driven virtual collaborative...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BANNER HEALTH GREELEY CO, *TELEMEDICINE, *TRAINING, *VIRTUAL REALITY, DECISION...
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Red lines--that level of escalation that is totally unacceptable and results in immediate action to prevent a national security threat--in the U.S. response to growing Mexican TCO influence are home game situations that require an approach most American policy makers are uncomfortable with. Instability in Mexico and TCO violence in the border region are a threat to U.S. national security interests. This paper explores: the definitions of public and private red lines; whether the U.S. should...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *CRIMINALS, *DRUG SMUGGLING, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
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When liberating or conquering a country with a hostile population, it is contrary to US interest to immediately create a democratic government. A quick transition to an independent, democratic government requires a friendly population, a tradition or understanding of democratic principles, a stable security force, and a core of competent politicians. In the absence of these, a US military-led transitional governing authority should set conditions for a slow, deliberate move to a fully sovereign...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DEMOCRACY, *MILITARY OPERATIONS, AFGHANISTAN,...
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A complete continuum thermoelastic theory for large deformation of crystals of arbitrary symmetry is developed. The theory incorporates as a fundamental state variable in the thermodynamic potentials what is termed an Eulerian strain tensor (in material coordinates) constructed from the inverse of the deformation gradient. Thermodynamic identities and relationships among Eulerian and the usual Lagrangian material coefficients are derived, significantly extending previous literature that focused...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH...
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The threat of suicide bombings in the United States and elsewhere prompted the Department of Homeland Security to commission the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) to develop a method for predicting the determinants of suicide bombing attacks. As a test case, NRL chose to study bombings in Israel, where many such attacks have already taken place and where the data describing them are particularly good. NRL focused on four Israeli cities Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv, and Netanya and on three...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA, *ISRAEL, *MAN BORNE IMPROVISED...
Although discontinuous and continuous Galerkin methods have advantages mathematically and computationally, they suffer from one feature that can in turn become a disadvantage - they do not require high levels of smoothness at the element boundaries. Lack of smoothness across elements can hamper simulation post processing like feature extraction and visualization. The purpose of this proposal is to develop smoothness-increasing accuracy-conserving filters that respect the mathematical properties...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DELFT UNIV OF TECHNOLOGY (NETHERLANDS), *GALERKIN METHOD, MATHEMATICAL FILTERS,...
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Iron accumulation and deposition have been reported in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Previous work in mutant SOD1 mice mouse models of ALS have indicated that iron chelation with a chemical agent extends lifespan. Therefore, we propose the use of apo-ferritin, the iron-storage protein ferritin that is iron-poor, as a natural ionophore to sequester excess iron and redistribute it. The overall hypothesis is that infusion of apo-ferritin protein into the brain will provide...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV HERSHEY, *PROTEINS, CEREBROSPINAL FLUID, IRON, LIPOSOMES,...
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In mid-2009 the Armed Forces of the Philippines dramatically changed their strategic approach to countering multiple long-standing insurgencies within the Philippine archipelago. The foundation of that approach was nationally articulated in the Internal Peace and Security Plan Bayanihan, clearly outlining the government s overall framework for peace, as well as the two key tenets that reflected the change in policy. Although this change represented a paradigm shift and was focused, mostly for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, *JOINT MILITARY...
As the cognizant Federal agency for the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine (the Foundation), we began a review of the Grant Thornton LLP (Grant Thornton), single audit and supporting working papers for the audit period October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2011. The purpose of our review was to determine whether the single audit was conducted in accordance with auditing standards1 and the auditing and reporting requirements of the Office of Management and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA VA, *AUDITING,...
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This report describes the primary sources of delivery error for direct-fire ballistic projectiles. I explain how error sources and their resulting shot distributions are characterized statistically. Next, I describe the major types of error sources and the steps a shooter might take to reduce them. Three major categories of error sources are outlined: fixed bias errors, variable bias errors, and random errors. For a weapon system, fixed bias errors always remain constant, while random errors...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH...
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This study is a randomized trial of a hybrid treatment for Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans with a history of mild to moderate TBI (mTBI) and PTSD. Emotional symptoms are likely a main cause of the persistence of post-concussive symptoms while thinking problems and emotional control problems associated with mTBI can impede recovery from PTSD. However, there is no PTSD treatment specifically designed to accommodate the difficulties with attention, memory, and problem solving that patients with TBI...
Topics: DTIC Archive, VETERANS MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION (VETERANS AFFAIRS) SAN DIEGO CA, *POST TRAUMATIC...
Our original objective was to determine whether DoD and U.S. Air Force officials administered contracts supporting the Defense Enterprise Accounting and Management System (DEAMS) in an effective and efficient manner. Specifically, we planned to determine whether Government oversight of contractor performance was adequate, quality assurance plans were adequately implemented, contracts were funded in accordance with applicable regulations, and modifications that increased costs were properly...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE) ALEXANDRIA VA, *CONTRACTS,...
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Results continued to accumulate that are consistent with the hypothesis that disfacilitation of wake-promoting systems by the hypocretin (Hcrt) receptor antagonist almorexant (ALM) results in less functional impairment than the inhibition of neural activity produced by the benzodiazepine receptor agonist zolpidem (ZOL). In Year 4, the previously-reported results on spatial reference memory (Task 2a) and spatial working memory (Task 2b) were complemented by Psychomotor Vigilance Test studies...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA, *SLEEP DEPRIVATION, ADENOSINE, CHOLINERGIC NERVES,...
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As the Army transitions from its operational missions in Afghanistan and sets the conditions for the Army of 2020, a new strategy for managing forces has been developed that regionally aligns Army forces to Combatant Commanders. Regional Alignment of Forces (RAF) provides for a scalable and tailorable approach in meeting the Combatant Commander s requirements with the expertise and understanding of culture, geography, language, and the operating environment in which Army forces may operate....
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES),...
The time series data collected during the HIFiRE-1 flight experiment was sampled unevenly due to telemetry dropouts and the sampling scheme selected. Sampling unevenly results in frequency translation of power to artificial sidelobes. These sidelobes distort the real and imaginary components of the Fourier transform such that the spectrum of the sampled data no longer represents the spectrum of the physical process generating the data. These sidelobes can be eliminated by resampling the data...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH AEROSPACE SYSTEMS DIR, *HYPERSONIC...
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Unity of effort is a fundamental principle of any complex activity that seeks to focus diverse personnel and resources toward a common goal. In the realm of disaster response, achieving unity of effort is paramount, because orchestrating a rapid response directly translates into saved lives. However, achieving unity of effort while in the midst of the chaos following a complex catastrophe is extremely difficult. This paper considers command and control constructs that support a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *DISASTERS, *HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE,...
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This paper explores the strategic effect the Army is achieving by removing God and religion from its doctrines of Soldier or leader development and the unintended negative impacts this will have on soldier conduct. Spirituality is a component of soldier fitness but there is no direct reference to God or religion in the Army s latest capstone document the Army Doctrine Publication 1: The Army. The lack of consideration of religion, a fundamental construct of our Nation and Army, could cause...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *RELIGION,...
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The United States ability to remain a dominant global power relies on its capability to deploy, sustain, and redeploy its military forces. The increasing effects from globalization have challenged the U.S. strategy to maintain domestic security and international order. With the increased competition to access the global lines of communications, the U.S. may no longer enjoy the freedom to unilaterally deploy forces around the world. The challenge to the Joint force is the process of introducing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, COMMAND AND CONTROL...
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The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Agency for International Development teamed in Iraq and Afghanistan to realize stability and reconstruction objectives. This working relationship can be expanded into other regions of the world to further diplomacy and development in order to advance United States national security goals. In an era of straitened budgets, the federal government can achieve greater efficiencies through promoting and facilitating expanded partnering across the joint,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, *INTERAGENCY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Given today s strategic environment and the demand for specific skills and competencies necessary to be an effective officer, the Army must make changes to certain aspects of its current officer training and education strategy, in order to streamline the process and focus on the development of its junior leaders earlier in their career. The benefits of doing this will not only produce a better prepared officer who is more effective in the current operating environment, but it will produce an...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *LEADERSHIP TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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With changing threats and shrinking budgets, how do senior leaders decide among the military ways and means to achieve defense ends? To support the United States' security strategy, leaders throughout the whole of government must consult a series of publications for guidance which stakeholders translate into required capabilities. Senior military leaders compare defense capabilities to requirements to determine gaps and associated risks, as well as how to mitigate them. In doing so, they must...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ACQUISITION, *DEFENSE SYSTEMS, *GOVERNMENT...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States Army is at a strategic crossroads wherein dramatic decisions with generational impacts will have to be made. In addition to the uncertainty generated by sequestration, the Army will have to balance a shift in the National Security Strategy all while entering a post-war era with a personnel drawdown to be completed by Fiscal Year 2017. Ultimately, the Army must decide the right size and types of force structure that meet national-level objectives. Alternatives are explored with...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *COST REDUCTION, ARMY, BUDGETS, DRAWDOWN,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This paper examines the mission of the Eighth U.S. Army (EUSA) forces stationed in the Republic of Korea (ROK), and presents a new framework for modernizing EUSA's role to reflect the contemporary environment that prompted the Obama Administration's rebalance to the Asia-Pacific. The framework requires an understanding of the historical basis for the US-ROK mutual defense treaty, and an analysis of changes in the security environment that have transpired since the end of the Cold War. New...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), KOREA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The primary role of DoD is to provide military forces that are prepared to maintain the security of the Nation. A portion of the Army mission is the ability to support civilian authorities during domestic natural disasters. The RC, led by field-grade officers, is the backbone of Army support to civilian authorities. A majority of RC field grade officers receive their culminating formal military education in ILE-CC. The ILECC curriculum should include additional DSCA content given that forecasts...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *FIELD GRADE OFFICERS, *NATURAL DISASTERS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Precision control of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) requires accurate knowledge of the dynamic characteristics of the vehicles. However, developing such models are time and resource intensive. The problem is further exacerbated by the sensitivity of the dynamic model to vehicle configuration. This is particularly true for hovering-class UUVs since sensor payloads are often mounted outside the vehicle body. Methods are investigated in this thesis to learn the dynamic model for such a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *UNDERWATER VEHICLES, ADAPTATION,...
The objective of this project is to examine the current state of training of the contracting community on procurement fraud, waste and abuse (FW&A). This project also examines the need and practical aspects of implementation for a contracting course on procurement FW&A into the procurement certification process. This research will look into the benefits of having a course implemented into the certification process as well as the feasibility of doing so. The expected product of this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CONTRACTORS, *GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States faces serious threats from established states, weak and failing states, and non-state actors from around the world. In the current volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous international environment, one in which the U.S. is trying to exercise global leadership, the U.S. government must reform its interagency apparatus to ensure our national security. Effective and efficient interagency coordination is vital to national security. However, the lack of updated or current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *INTERAGENCY COORDINATION, *NATIONAL SECURITY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Operations over the last decade of war reveal the need to develop a broader set of competencies in junior Army officers and revamp a junior officer leader development model that fails to meet the expectations of junior officers or the needs of the future operating environment. This paper defines the future operating environment, identifies competencies required in junior officers for success in that environment, and makes recommendations for achieving this goal. Recommendations include a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *LEADERSHIP TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This essay identifies current issues with the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) implementation methodologies for the national network of State Fusion Centers (SFCs). It begins with a discussion governing the question if we are safer as a nation due to the establishment of network of SFCs and provides a brief history of the development of DHS and SFCs. The paper then addresses four impediments that require strategic reevaluation and resolution prior to proceeding forward. They are the lack...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *HOMELAND SECURITY, CULTURE, DOCTRINE,...
This thesis describes a methodology used to develop a systems engineering (SE) competency framework for Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SSC) Atlantic a Department of Navy organization whose vision statement is to Make IT count for the Warfighter and the Nation. This methodology defines the role of systems engineers at SSC Atlantic; establishes prioritized SE competency areas; identifies associated knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs); identifies optimal workforce development methods...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, EDUCATION, JOB TRAINING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As the U.S. Army ends over a decade of war, Security Force Assistance (SFA) must become a permanent part of the Army institution. The U.S. Army must look at practical ways to adopt SFA into our core competencies. More importantly, SFA must become a part of the U.S. Army through the Doctrine, Organization, Training, Material, Leadership, Personnel, and Facilities (DOTMLPF) construct. This action will ensure that language, responsibility, and legislation support a common understanding of how the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY, *COOPERATION, *MILITARY ADVISORS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This project focuses on manipulating the physics of dielectric and plasmonic nanostructures for transformative near and far fields applications. We mainly investigate 1) dielectric patterned crystals with optimized periodicities to engineer directive radiation emission, 2) plasmonic nanoparticles (and core-shell) for light concentration in near and far fields, 3) large array of plasmonic nanoparticles for energy engineering in layered substrates (solar cell application), and 4) modeling finite...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NORTHEASTERN UNIV BOSTON MA, *DIELECTRICS, *ENERGY, *NANOSTRUCTURES, *PLASMONS,...
We determined the dosage reimen for adiministration of identified chemical compounds and found that identified compounds inhibited androgen-dependent growth of prostate tumors in nude mice. The growth inhibition is associated with suppression of p44 cytoplasm tranportation. We also found that the nuclear exclusion signal (NES1) of p44 does not function in the differentiated prostate epithelial cells. This finding reveals a novel mechanism by which p44 subcellular tranlocation is determined and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, M D ANDERSON CANCER CENTER HOUSTON TX, *ANDROGENS, *PROSTATE CANCER, *RECEPTOR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Obesity has been declared a pandemic of the 21st Century. However, this pandemic is not spread by viruses or bacteria; it appears directly related to cultural changes in lifestyle, physical activity, and nutrition that continue around the world. It affects both individuals and society, directly impacting and affecting the psychological and physical health of a nation while producing a tremendous economic burden as increasing numbers of citizens become overweight or obese. The end result is that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *BODY WEIGHT, *CHILE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The debate about land power's future will always surface in the lulls between peace and war. As part of this debate on land power's role and what it provides the nation, this paper offers for consideration a disturbing byproduct of two decades of limited war. It questions our service's ability to fulfill its mandate to the joint force in conflicts beyond the stability spectrum. It asserts that the atrophying of our land power in Combined Arms Maneuver over the last two decades of persistent...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY TRAINING, *ATROPHY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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In 2011, with the drawdowns in Iraq and Afghanistan freeing resources, President Obama approved a strategy shifting or pivoting U.S. strategic focus to the Pacific. U.S. military interests in the Pacific are not one-dimensional. They cross the scope of the elements of national power, including diplomacy, information, and economics. This operating environment is complex, and it will bring special training challenges to the United States Army in the Pacific. Army units will be required to operate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY PERSONNEL, *ARMY TRAINING, *ASIA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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For the past 10 years, Army National Guard (ARNG) Special Forces (SF) soldiers have been operating alongside their Active Component Special Forces brothers in both Afghanistan and Iraq as part of the operational force. These ARNG soldiers have achieved a readiness level comparable with the AC in training, equipment, and personnel. However, the war in Iraq is over, the war in Afghanistan is drawing down, and America is facing an economic recession resulting in the ARNG SF once again becoming a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY, *MANPOWER UTILIZATION, *MISSIONS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Globalization and the associated economic and security interdependence will continue to bring nations together as partners in maintaining the peace and stability to support our common interests. Building Partner Capability (BPC) of U.S. allies and security partners through Security Force Assistance (SFA) is one way to develop the integrated security networks that are integral to our National Security Strategy (NSS). The U.S. Army Reserve brings a unique capability that can be leveraged as a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMY, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), *MILITARY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AIR POWER, AIR FORCE, ARCTIC...