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Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The central hypothesis for the proposed research is that a collaborative translational autism research program with the military will result in the improved diagnosis and care of those enrolled in the study and enhance biomedical research on the diagnosis, causes, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), in general. With approved revised Specific Aims, during this project, we enrolled 65 families (259 individuals) in the existing Central Ohio Registry for Autism, including 26 families...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONWIDE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL COLUMBUS OH RESEARCH INST, *MENTAL DISORDERS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This document summarizes the design features used to create a nesting area for the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) that was incorporated as part of the maintenance repairs to the harbor breakwater located in Ashtabula, OH. The purpose of the tern nesting project was to demonstrate an option that can be used during such maintenance activities for increasing infrastructure benefits as part of the Engineering With Nature initiative (Bridges 2012). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Great...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS VICKSBURG MS ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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At the request of the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory reviewed available snow survey data and conducted a drifting snow transport analysis for Summit Station, Greenland, to assess the nature of the drifting problems at this site. The severity of drifting during the winter was significantly greater than during summer months; therefore, snowdrift management strategies should focus on minimizing winter accumulations. The transport...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Obesity, which induces low-grade inflammation, is a known risk factor for worse prognosis in many cancers including breast. We found that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) produced by sphingosine kinases (SphKs) plays a critical role in obesity-related inflammation and breast cancer. Obesity increased S1P in the tumor microenvironment, as well as in the primary tumors. FTY720, a functional antagonist of S1PR1, dramatically decreased cancer progression by reducing expressions of SphK1 and S1PR1, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIV RICHMOND, *BREAST CANCER, *OBESITY, CELLS(BIOLOGY),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This grant from ONR to Zwitter Technology, LLC is to develop, scale up and formulate a low-fouling and high-fouling-release marine coating by integrating nonfouling zwitterionic materials and fouling-release silicone materials together. This work facilitates the efforts to develop next-generation marine coatings exceeding the performance of existing commercial coatings. It serves to meet the long-term goal of the ONR coatings program for the development of environmentally benign, effective and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ZWITTER TECHNOLOGY LLC SEATTLE WA, *ANTIFOULING COATINGS, *SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The research reported here details a fundamental investigation of two modified germanate based glasses with a specific focus on glass stability during thermal-cycling which is representative of the steps required to fabricate a doped micro-structured germanate fiber. The investigations revealed for germanate fibres, surface crystallisation is the dominant loss mechanism, and may explain the poor performance of all published germanate fiber lasers. The research team have found a composition of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ADELAIDE UNIV (AUSTRALIA), *GERMANATES, *GLASS FIBERS, *GLASS LASERS, DOPING,...
Calculations are presented of vibrational and electronic excited-state absorption spectra for As-H2O complexes using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). DFT and TD-DFT can provide interpretation of absorption spectra with respect to molecular structure for excitation by electromagnetic waves at frequencies within the IR and UV-visible ranges. The absorption spectrum corresponding to excitation states of As-H2O complexes consisting of relatively...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIV, *ABSORPTION...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This report documents work carried out by Service Thread to show that domestic technology exists which would reduce base fiber costs, versus current Nomex and Kevlar type threads and the processes and costs associated with such threads. Multifilament polyester yarn was used as a core, treated and untreated. Modified acrylic fiber (Pyro-Tex) was used as the sheath. Core to sheath ratio was 50:50. The NeC 16/2 construction offered excellent physical properties. Modified acrylic fiber shed during...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SAM M BUTLER INC LAURINBURG NC, *PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING), *SYNTHETIC FIBERS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The goal of this project was to continue to investigate methods and means to further the SERC Capstone Marketplace that was established in previous SERC research in RT-19/19a, RT-43, & RT-105. Having shown that multidisciplinary capstone programs can enhance development of systems engineering competencies, Capstone Marketplace, an online tool, intends to continue matching multi-disciplinary student teams with challenging engineering projects. While web based tools exist for matching...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SYSTEMS ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER HOBOKEN NJ, *ONLINE SYSTEMS, *STUDENTS, *SYSTEMS...
Awards: Best Paper Honorable Mention Award at the SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Conference on Data Mining (SDM). Paper: Scaling log-linear analysis to datasets with thousands of variables. Businesses and Government are investing heavily in their data assets. As data quantities continue to grow rapidly, it is increasingly difficult to extract maximum value from those data stores. Learning to predict the future from past observations is one of the key components that make...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MONASH UNIV CLAYTON (AUSTRALIA), *DATA MINING, APPLIED MATHEMATICS, COMMERCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Remote Collaborative 3D Printing project is a collaboration between Strategic System Programs (SSP), the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), NAVFAC Headquarters Asset Management - Facilities Integrated Product Support (IPS) Program, and the NAVFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (EXWC). The intent of the project was to investigate the end-to-end process of transferring, receiving, manipulating, and printing a digital 3D model into an additively manufactured component. Several...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND PORT HUENEME CA NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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Previous research conducted by the RE Mitchell Center for Prisoner of War Studies (REMC) has concluded that optimism proved to be the strongest predictor of health and resilience in a group of Vietnam era Repatriated Prisoners of War (RPWs). Optimism is associated with increased positive psychological health in those afflicted by extreme trauma or illness (Segovia et. al, 2012). In the follow-up study (Segovia et. al, 2015), optimism measured at repatriation was again an excellent predictor of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVY MEDICINE OPERATIONAL TRAINING CENTER PENSACOLA FL, *MENTAL HEALTH, *PRISONERS OF...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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A manikin testing and modeling approach was used to predict the heat strain while wearing a Prototype Steam Suit Ensemble (PSSE) or the current U.S. Navy Submarine Steam Suit Ensemble (SSSE) and working in a steam-filled environment (88 deg C, 100% relative humidity) or a training environment (24 Degrees C, 65% relative humidity). Both ensembles were tested on a thermal manikin to measure thermal resistances. Metabolic rates during walking at 1.8 m/s (4 mph) and wearing the PSSE or the SSSE...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA BIOPHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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This project fulfilled two major research objectives: 1) rigorous analyses of cross-national data that have been collected on seven Middle Eastern countries and the presentation/publication of the findings; and 2) the development of a panel survey that was carried out in Tunisia by re-interviewing the nationally representative sample of 3,070 respondents who participated in the survey in 2013. Ajrouch assumed the role of PI in May 2015 because Mansoor Moaddel, the original PI, left Eastern...
Topics: DTIC Archive, EASTERN MICHIGAN UNIV YPSILANTI, *ISLAM, *MIDDLE EAST, *TUNISIA,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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To combat the rising risk of terrorist threats against our national interest and economic wellbeing - threats such as Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) attacks (which could lead to a domino effect of catastrophic failures of power, energy, telecommunications, satellite, transportation, financial, and other critical infrastructures) - this project has developed novel methods to provide protection in our information and communications networks. Main focus was to prepare the network by accounting...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV DAVIS, *CATASTROPHIC CONDITIONS, *COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS, *FAILURE,...
Based on investigations of the downstream flood plain made in connection with this report, it is recommended that the hazard potential classification be downgraded from high to significant hazard. Hydraulic and hydrologic analyses indicate that the spillway is inadequate. Discharge from the spillway is not sufficient to pass the designated spillway design floor (100-year storm) without an overtopping of the dam. The spillway is capable of passing approximately 56 percent of the SDF. Therefore,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McDermott,Richard J, NEW JERSEY DEPT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TRENTON, *EARTH...
Based on available records, visual inspection, calculations, and past operational performance, Lake Paupackan Dam is judged to be in fair condition. Considering the size and hazard classification of the dam, the recommended Spillway Design Flood (SDF) varies between the 1/2 Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) and the PMF. The 1/2 PMF was, in this case, selected as the SDF. The spillway and reservoir, under existing conditions, will pass approximately 19 percent of the PMF before overtopping of the dam...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GANNETT FLEMING CORDDRY AND CARPENTER INC HARRISBURG PA, *EARTH DAMS, STABILITY,...
Earlier we reported exchange coupling between bilayers of CoFe2O4/CoFe2, where CoFe2O4 and CoFe2 are the hard and soft magnetic layers, respectively. These results suggested that trilayers structures of CoFe2O4/CoFe2/CoFe2O4 are strong candidates for low hysteresisloss spin spring materials. To study this possibility, we extended our investigation to the synthesis of CoFe2O4/CoFe2/CoFe2O4 tri-layers under different sputtering deposition conditions, which included oxygen pressure in the case of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jackson,Keith H, Morgan State University Baltimore United States, THIN FILMS, CARBON...
Multiple studies have been conducted addressing intensive educational programs to determine clinical outcomes in migraine patients in headache clinics. Chronic headaches within the adolescent population have ben shown to have great morbidity on patient lives, including but no limited to missed school/work days, and loss of parental work time getting to appointments. Some studies have been completed regarding chronic adolescent headaches, but at this time nothing has been published regarding...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ormond, Andrew J, 959th Medical Group JBSA Lackland United States
Defense Technical Information Archive
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State responses to trans-national terrorism have long included law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services. Only recently have soft power elements been brought to bear to encourage jihad abandonment. Several nations implement a variety of deradicalization or disengagement programs aimed at preventing future attacks, either by convincing a radical to abandon his or her radical ideology (de-radicalize) or merely to abstain from future attacks (disengage). Though individual program...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hayter,Christopher N, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA NORFOLK United States,...
The U.S. Navy may need to operate its existing surface ships in Arctic marginal ice zones with ice concentrations up to 40 . To achieve this goal, the Navy must determine safe operational speeds as a function of ice concentration, floe size, and ice strength for its vessels. However, existing ice-impact models and safe-speed guidance for ships have derived from physical modeling and full-scale experience with ice-capable hull forms that have shallow entry angles to promote flexural ice failure...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Song,Arnold J, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) Hanover...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The NATO Reference Mobility Model (NRMM) is a simulation tool aimed at predicting the capability of a vehicle to move over specified terrain conditions. NRMM was developed and validated by the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) in the 1960s and 70s, and has been revised and updated throughout the years, resulting in the most recent version, NRMM II. NRMM is traditionally used to facilitate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BRADBURY,MICHAEL, Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center...
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Vayrynen's book is a comprehensive and detailed discussion of thick ethical concepts, utilizing thetoolkit of philosophy of language and linguistics to argue that these concepts do not ha Ye the philosophical significance normally attributed to them (e.g. regarding ethical objectivity and the fact-value distinction).When ethicists argue for substantive conclusions involving thick terms and concepts (e.g. 'courageous' and 'kind'), their arguments often assume the Semantic View--that the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kyle,Brent G, U.S. Air Force Academy Air Force Academy United States, linguistics,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Joint Common Architecture Demonstration (JCA Demo) project was the first in a series of planned experiments under the Joint Multi-Role (JMR) Technology Demonstrator (TD) Mission Systems Architecture Demonstration (MSAD) Science and Technology (S and T) effort. JCA Demo focused on maturating key standards, processes, and tools necessary for the acquisition of affordable, common, reusable avionics capabilities. These include the Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE (trademark))...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wigginton,Scott A, AMRDEC Redstone Arsenal United States, Avionics, military...
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In this project, we conducted a systematic investigation on active liquid crystal flows and flowing polymer nanocomposites including studies of nonlinear phenomenon in active magnetic microbead rheology, detailed analyses and simulations of active liquid crystal models in thin films, free surface geometries, and the channel geometry, applications of active liquid crystal models to complex biological systems, numerical algorithm development for multiphase fluid flows, network analysis and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wang,Qi, University of South Carolina Columbia, NANOPARTICLES, membranes, thin films,...
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Veterans who are taking prescription opioids for chronic pain and are engaging in risky drinking are at heightenedrisk for drug interactions, including overdose and other negative effects, particularly if they are also usingbenzodiazepines. In this application, we propose to test an adaptive prevention intervention, designed to reducerates of risky drinking in veterans receiving prescription opioids to treat their chronic pain. This adaptive,patient-centered intervention provides clinical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McKay,James, Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia United States,...
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Briefing chart presentation for the Scientific Panel, 2016 Military Women's Health Research Conference.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weiss, Karen L, 59th Medical Wing Lackland AFB United States, PREGNANCY, MILITARY...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The research team was composed of University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Clemson University, University of Texas at Arlington, andUniversity of Minnesota. The scope of this program was to change the way components are designed and fabricated for high energy laser (HEL) applications, engineering electromagnetic fields in 3D dielectric structures. We exploited various methods based on periodic and aperiodic electromagnetic modeling techniques to accurately determine the fields throughout the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boreman,Glenn, University of North Carolina at Charlotte Charlotte United States,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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This research aims to develop fundamental theories and practical algorithms for distributed, robust, and real-time learning in dynamic tactical networks. The overall objective is to significantly move the frontiers of knowledge in stochastic learning in the classic multi-armed bandit by systematically relaxing traditionally adopted restrictive assumptions.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Zhao,Qing, University of California - Davis Davis United States, network topology,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The Android Native Development Kit (NDK) provides a Java Android application a simplified mechanism to call embedded C native codes, which are used to increase the performance of a computationally intensive application. This step-by-step guide is intended to assist programmers with how to attach an NDK plugin to an Android Integrated Development Environment and how to call C functions from a Java application.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vu, Hao Q, US Army Research Laboratory Adelphi United States, c programming language,...
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IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 20 16 (is always abbreviated as IEEE 12MTC 2016 or12MTC 2016) is the flagship conference of IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society. In 2016, the Conference attracts more than 235 attendees from 41 countries/areas. There were 1 plenary talk, 2 keynotes, 16 tutorials and 294 papers presented during the Conference. 12MTC 2016 included new technical activities, the industry sessions, special talks which highlighted the issues of paper...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hwang,Chi-Hung, National Applied Research Laboratories Taipei Taiwan, measurement,...
We have developed robust low-magnetic-field implementations of MRI (LFI) focused on brain imaging with two complimentary test scanner systems: electromagnet and permanent magnet based. We have also developed injury-sensitive MRI based on the detection of free radicals associated with injury using the Overhauser effect and subsequently imaging that modified nuclear polarization using low-field MRI (OMRI). We have optimized imaging sequences, image reconstruction, and parallel imaging based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rosen,Matthew S, Harvard University Cambridge United States, magnetic resonance...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Despite the destruction and chaos sown on the battlefield by the group that calls itself the Islamic State, one could argue that its propaganda efforts toward supporters, sympathizers, and enemies have also had disruptive results. Whether online or on the ground, the group has sought to use propaganda to magnify the effects of its battlefield successes, minimize the consequences of its failures, recruit new adherents, and increase awareness of its ultimate goals. Given the focus that the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Milton,Daniel, U.S. Military Academy -Combating Terrorism Center West Point United...
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The Air Operations Center-Weapon System (AOC-WS), AN/USQ-163 Falconer, the senior element of the Theater Air Control System, is the weapon system the Commander, Air Force Forces provides the Combined/Joint Force Air Component Commander (C/JFACC) for planning, executing and assessing theater-wide air and space operations. The C/JFACC provides air, space and cyber support to the Combined/Joint Forces Commander (C/JFC) by coordinating, deconflicting and assessing the progress of various weapon...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hill,Don, AIR FORCE LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT CENTER HANSCOM AFB MA HANSCOM AFB United...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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DNA interstrand cross-links are extremely cytotoxic DNA lesions that are generated by chemotherapy agents and certain endogenous metabolites. Using this award, we showed that the tumor suppressor BRCA1-BARD1 plays a novel role in the repair of DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL). Normally, when replication forks collide with an ICL, leading strands stall 20nucleotides from the ICL due to steric hindrance by the CMG helicase, which unwinds DNA ahead of the polymerase. Subsequently, CMG dissociates...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Walter,Johannes, HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL BOSTON MA BOSTON United States, proteins,...
National security especially when dealing with the employment of military power to pursue national objectives has been a more complex issue in the post-Cold War era. The issue has drawn animated debates centered on international non-aggressive behavior in international affairs. Botswana, like all other nations, is caught in this dilemma in determining the prudent development and deployment of its national military to achieve foreign policy objectives. Since the collapse of the apartheid epoch...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Moshagane, Magosi S, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
The Department of Defense Information Network (DODIN) is being threatened by state actors, non-state actors, and continuous hacking and cyber-attacks. These threats against the network come in a variety of forms; physical attacks from radio jamming, logical cyber threats from hacking, or a combination of both physical and logical attacks. Each year the number of hacking attacks is increasing. Corporations like Symantec publish annual reports on cyber threats and provide tips for best practices...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bailey, Scott M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) has embarked on an ambitious change program called Future 35, which aims to establish a fully integrated defense force based on an amphibious task force capability by 2035. As part of this program, the NZDF introduced the Total Defence Workforce initiative in 2011. Total Defence Workforce created a number of adverse impacts on NZDF personnel, which damaged the overall readiness and effectiveness of the force. This thesis first examines the impact of Total...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Brandon,Ian, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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China is implementing a sweeping reorganization of its military that has the potential to be the most important in the post-1949 history of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA).1Xi Jinping, who serves as Chinas president, general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC),seeks to transform the PLA into a fully modernized and informatized fighting force capable of carrying out joint combat operations, conducting military operations other than...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chase,Michael S, Rand Corporation Santa Monica United States, china, military forces...
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In 2014, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) came to the attention of the world community due to its rapid takeover of territory in Iraq and Syria. Since then, ISIS has executed an Internet-based recruitment campaign directed at vulnerable populations worldwide, to include the United States, in order to recruit followers and encourage attacks within their homelands. Through utilization of American-based social media companies, ISIS has been able to reach its target audience in a manner...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hinz,Scott M, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
United States National Security Strategy and Department of Defense (DoD) joint doctrine recognizes that the complexity of the contemporary operational environment requires the United States to pursue whole-of-government solutions that integrate civil-military interagency cooperation. In particular, the military requires the expertise of interagency partners in stability operations. Army doctrine recognizes that interagency synchronization occurs at all echelons, although it has yet to fully...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Denn, William III J, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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In late 2015 and early 2016, China announced a sweeping set of reforms to the organizational structure of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA).
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wuthnow,Joel, National Defense University Washington United States, china, Taiwan,...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how the century of humiliation plays a role in the formulation of China's overarching grand strategy. Recently, a number of scholars disagree on the extent to and ways in which China is influenced by its history and culture. Gerrit Gong argues that history offers value to what individuals and countries remember and what they forget. From the context of psychological and historical perspectives, this study is anchored using a psychological...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Williams,Christopher B, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal's geographical location has been a geographical handicap as well as strategic opportunity for Nepal. With recent economic progress of both neighbors, China and India, Nepal can now sense opportunities to utilize its geographical location to come out of extreme poverty. However, because of the geographical difficulties, it is not easy for Nepal to benefit as much from China's economic progress, as is from India's. This study focuses on Nepal's possibilities...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Subedi, Sunil, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
Computer network defense (CND) analysts serve an increasingly vital role in the defense of our nations computing infrastructure. An important component of their work is the monitoring of suspicious activity identified by an intrusion detection system (IDS). While analysts are trained to quickly recognize abnormal patterns in textual log files, humans are generally not well suited for such processing in any large quantity. Many authors have proposed the use of visualization techniques to aid the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Garneau,Christopher J, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ABERDEEN PROVING...
This thesis explores the colonial origins of the citizen-soldier through the study of the colony of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations during the French and Indian War. The common picture of the American citizen-soldier is that of the militiaman during the American Revolution; however, the most over looked aspect to the citizen-soldier heritage is that of the provincial soldier during the French and Indian War. The Rhode Island militia served as the pool to draw provincial recruits for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, York, Amoreena L, US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States, partner countries, and the Afghan government are attempting to reverse recent gains made by the resilient Taliban-led insurgency since the December 2014 transition to a smaller international mission consisting primarily of training and advising the Afghanistan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF). The Afghan government has come under increasing domestic criticism not only for failing to prevent insurgent gains but also for its internal divisions. In September 2014,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Katzman,Kenneth, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, national...
Recent analysis of Chinas military modernization effort has focused heavily on the Peoples Liberation Armys (PLA) development of concepts and capabilities to deter or delay foreign forces responding to crises along Chinas periphery. However, China developed these capabilities within the context of broader strategic requirements. This study describes Chinas national and security strategies and its approach to war and escalation control; summarizes its capabilities developments; and reviews its...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Heath,Timothy R, RAND Corporation -National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Global politics is a complex system with endless variable factors and agents. Such complexity requires a holistic understanding of the structure, which demands a pluralistic application of theory. Dominant rationalist international relations (IR) theories seem inadequate on their own to explain the roles, functions, and interactions of all relevant agents in today's strategic environment. These theories do not account well for the temporal and interdependent nature of global politics across the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Taylor,Joshua A, US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United...
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This technical report presents some preliminary work toward a project that seeks to develop a shape memory alloy actuator for rotor and stator blades in aircraft turbine engines that will increase efficiency and extend flight ranges. A major step toward the projects completion is the development of a model that simulates both the fluid-structure interaction in the engine and the mechanical behavior of the shape memory alloy actuator. A simple computational fluid dynamic (CFD) case with 2 pairs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, US Army Research Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground United States, computational...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Although historically the United States had close relations with Venezuela, a major oil supplier, friction in bilateral relations increased under the leftist, populist government of President Hugo Chvez (1999-2013), who died in 2013 after battling cancer. After Chvezs death, Venezuela held presidential elections in which acting President Nicols Maduro narrowly defeated Henrique Capriles of the opposition Democratic Unity Roundtable (MUD), with the opposition alleging significant irregularities....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sullivan,Mark P, Congressional Research Service Washington United States, Venezuela,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The WRNMMC Clinical Breast Care Project/Winder Research Institute will continue to help lead the way in the 21st century in the crusade against breast disorders. The project will continue utilizing a multidisciplinary approach as the standard of care for treating breast diseases and breast cancer. This multidisciplinary model integrates prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment and continuing care, but the project is further unique in the incorporation of advances in risk reduction,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shiver,Craig, The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Justice...
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by Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Galvin,Thomas P, U.S. Army War College -Strategic Studies Institute Carlisle United...
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Methods of organic waste diversion currently being employed by U.S. Army installations were reviewed to provide recommendations and case studies as well as identify best practices. As part of the Army's Net Zero Installation Strategy, it is essential that installations reduce the amount of solid waste they send to landfills. Food and other organic waste, such as yard trimmings and wood residuals, are a major component of the solid waste generated by installations that can be reduced,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fey,Curtis, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS VICKSBURG, waste...
We have demonstrated that (1) alcohol-naive rats exhibiting high acoustic startle response (which is associated with increased anxiety-like behavior) develop increased subsequent alcohol intake and preference which are highly correlated with acoustic startle amplitude determined before the initial access to alcohol, providing a prospective index of vulnerability to developing alcohol abuse, as well as insights into mechanism. We have also demonstrated that (2) suppression of noradrenergic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rasmussen,Dennis, Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research Seattle...
A 20%/80% blend of DSH8/JP-8 fuels with a CI/LI additive was operated in rotary, mechanical, fuel-lubricated, fuel injection pumps for a 500-hour target at 77 C fuel inlet temperature. A 20/80 blend of DSH8/JP-8 with 9-ppm CI/LI operated at 77 C fuel inlet temperature will allow 500-Hours of rotary pump operation. However the performance degradation of the fuel injection pumps at 500-Hours could impact engine governor operation, and component inspections suggested excessive transfer pump liner...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Yost,Douglas M, US ARMY TARDEC FUELS and LUBRICANTS RESEARCH FACILITY (SWRI) SAN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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We have unified the finite Set Statistics (FISST) and Multi-Hypothesis Tracking (MHT) methodologies for multi-target tracking and developed a randomized version of FISST called RFISST that makes the implementation of the full FISST/MHT recursions computationally tractable. The DDDAS paradigm used in this method actively controls the number of likely hypotheses, pruning them based on data coming from the sensors. We developed particle-based Gaussian Mixture Filters that are immune to the curse...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chakravorty,Suman, Texas A and M Engineering Experiment Station (TEES) College...
In Year 2, we made significant progress on data collection in our multi-day protocol. Our preliminary findings continue to indicate that: 1)Hand transplant recipients utilize the former cortical sensorimotor hand territory when using the affected hand. 2) They continue to exhibit strong evidence for persistent, amputation-related, cortical reorganization. These persistent changes appear to diminish with recovery of hand function, suggesting that cortical reorganization is an important target...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Frey,Scott H, University of Missouri St Louis United States, amputees,...
The purpose is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 200 U OnaBoNT-A injected into the detrusor versus oral oxybutynin for the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) caused by neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in spinal cord injured volunteers; and (2) To determine the potential role of urine biomarkers as patient selection and surrogate endpoints of treatment outcome predictors. Thirty-six patients will be randomized to two treatment groups. The first patient was enrolled to the study at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Christopher P, Baylor College of Medicine Houston United States, proteins,...
To explain the United States relatively mild response to Thailands 2006 and 2014 coups dtat, this research analyzed the economic, security, and diplomatic conditions that existed before and after those regime-changing events. Shifts in bilateral relations were assessed using balance of power, alliance, and democratization theories. Thailands most recent adventures with military rule, after nearly 15 years of democracy, affected U.S.-Thai relations but not in ways democratization theory would...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Meelarp,Rugsithi D, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, international...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Since the advent of the Internet, Mexico has embraced and utilized social media at a dramatically increasing rate. Today, 54 million Mexican citizens collaborate via online communities more avidly than those in some developed countries. But has the increase in social media activity fostered civic engagement in Mexico? This thesis argues that it predominately has. Specifically, social media has increased civic awareness, broadened collective action, and strengthened political activism in Mexico....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hopf,Aries C, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, social...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Intelligence analysts depend on the ability to understand the social networks of suspects and adversaries. We develop a novel method for automatically discovering this information from digital storage media by analyzing byte-offset proximity between digital artifacts on the raw media. We show that this method can be used to group email addresses that indicate real communication between users and those that do not. Furthermore, in the case where addresses do represent communication between...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Green,Janina L, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States, social...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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As of 2016, 12 percent of the worlds population lives in 36 megacities. By 2030, experts estimate that 17 megaregions, hosting 60 percent of the worlds population, will account for 75 percent of global GDP. Megacities come with several unique challenges for governance and the provision of services to their populations, as well as for military intervention in the wake of natural or manmade disasters. This thesis asks the question: What do Geographic Combatant Commands (GCCs) and Theater Special...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Graham,Larry P, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, humanitarian...
Injury severity in blast induced Traumatic Brain Injury (bTBI) increases with blast overpressure (BOP) and impulse in dose-dependent manner. Pure primary blast waves were simulated in compressed gas shock-tubes in discrete increments. We evaluated 24 hour survival of rats in 0-450 kPa (0-800 Pas impulse) range at 10 discrete levels (60, 100, 130, 160, 190, 230, 250, 290, 350 and 420 kPa) and determined the mortality rate as a non-linear function of BOP. Using logistic regression model,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chandra,Namas, New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark United States, blast...
This study is a follow-on to prior DOD funded work Efficacy of a Driving Intervention Program on Safe Community Mobility for Combat Veterans. Funding for the Effectiveness (current) study was activated in October 2015 and appointed team members include CO-Is (Classen, Levy, Marsiske and Brumback) and Graduate Research Assistant (Yarney).To date our primary focus has been Specific Aim 1: Enhance the OT-DI with development of targeted simulator drives addressing CV driving triggers and assess...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Winter,Sandra, University of Florida Gainesville United States, rehabilitation,...
This observational study will be devoted to the analysis of existing (retrospective) data as noted in detail above. The data used for this study will be extracted from the Joint Theater Trauma System (JTTS) R2 Registry, which has been in place since 2008 and allows data collection at levels of medical care that previously did not have full trauma registry capabilities in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND). Aim 1: A retrospective review...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mann-Salinas,Elizabeth, The Geneva Foundation Tacoma United States, combat casualty...
We report on detailed studies of electronic and nuclear spin states in the diamond-nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center under weak transverse magnetic fields. We numerically predict and experimentally verify a previously unobserved NV hyperfine level anticrossing (LAC) occurring at bias fields of tens of gausstwo orders of magnitude lower than previously reported LACs at 500 and 1000 G axial magnetic fields. We then discuss how the NV ground-state Hamiltonian can be manipulated in this regime to tailor...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Clevenson,Hannah, MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington United States, nuclear spins, spin...
RATIONALE: The nitrated sugar alcohols mannitol hexanitrate (MHN), sorbitol hexanitrate (SHN) and xylitol pentanitrate (XPN) are in the same class of compounds as the powerful military grade explosive pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and the homemade explosive erythritol tetranitrate (ETN), but unlike PETN and ETN the ways to detect MHN, SHN and XPN by mass spectrometry (MS) have not been fully investigated. METHODS: Atmospheric-pressure chemical-ionization mass spectrometry (APCI-MS) was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ostrinskaya,Alla, MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington United States, sugar alcohols,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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Due to the complexity of cyberspace and the diversity of threats that operate in the new domain, current US cyber strategy has not proven effective. This paper dissects the cyber threat landscape and how advanced threats operate in order to devise an effective, adaptive strategy for US cybersecurity. US cybersecurity strategy must be threat-focused and threat-aware with capabilities built to evolve as threats evolve. Threat agnostic strategy that simply builds better perimeter defenses around...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Smith,Zachary M, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
To resupply the International Space Station (ISS) with the items to support continuous human occupation and hardware to maintain system functionality, scientific experiments are necessary to maximize its potential as a world-class research laboratory. The transition of this function to the commercial sector under Firm Fixed-Price contracting has forced both NASA and commercial providers to adjust to make this effort successful. Improving bag-level cargo launch manifests delivered from NASA to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rarick,Douglas A, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, monte carlo...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The United States (US) military's ability to operate with relative impunity has started to change. Adversaries took note of the USs success in Operation Desert Storm, and developed techniques to prevent or disrupt US access to operating domains. While Chinas Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) buildup has drawn much of the country's attention, another state, Russia, is more quietly developing its capabilities. Russia's territorial seizures and money from natural resources have helped the Russian...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wemyss,Matthew J, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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East Asia is an important region for global stability. Major economiesChina, Japan, and South Koreaare located in the region. The phenomenon of a rising China, the response of the United States to arising China, and the interaction of these two major powers in the area, as well as the relations among the principal actors of the regionthe United States, China, Japan, and South Koreawill determine the stability of the region. Realists maintain a pessimistic view regarding a rising China and East...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kilic,Sedat, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, military history,...
Countering violent extremism (CVE) programs are moving into the realm of intervention, diversion, and deflection. These programs require mental health professionals to conduct assessments, construct treatment plans, and provide the treatment. How can practitioners treat or divert individuals from the path to radicalization but also communicate when an individual remains a threat? An understanding of the laws that facilitate or restrict disclosure of confidential health info, combined with a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ward,Michael, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States, Intervention,...
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The United States Air Force (USAF) faces tremendous leadership challenges as it enters its 25th year of continuous combat operations. Manning shortfalls, reduced budgets and a myriad of other complex challenges have increased the stress placed upon Air Force leaders and followers alike. While caring for Airmen and their families the USAF Chaplain Corps has been navigating leadership challenges as well. These challenges have compromised the organizational health of the Chaplain Corps. This lack...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boyd,Matthew F, Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell Air Force Base...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of a PBPT intervention for the prevention of disability in ADSM who sustain an MSI during deployment in support of combat operations on a carrier. This includes testing the feasibility of the implementation and documenting psychological risk factors aboard two carriers. We have successfully completed the training of the control carrier.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weiser-Horwitz,Sherri, New York University New York United States, Physical fitness,...