All praise belongs to Allah, the ally of the muminin (believers). And may the salahand salam [of Allah] be upon the Messenger of Allah, who was appointed over thesadiqin (truthful ones) and upon those who walked upon his way in having bara(disavowal) from the kafirin. As for what follows:
Indeed, al-wala wal-bara (allegiance and disavowal) is a noble principle from the principles of Islam and a pillar from its pillars. A person’s Islam cannot be uprightuntil he allies for the sake of Allah and has enmity for the sake of Allah, andallies with the people of truth and has enmity for the people of falsehood. Wala andbara is a condition for the correctness of iman, as He (subhanahu wa ta‘ala) said:
ﻢﻬﺴﻔﻧأ ﻢﻬﻟ ﺖﻣﺪﻗ ﺎﻣ ﺲﺌﺒﻟ ۚاوﺮﻔﻛ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا نﻮﻟﻮﺘﻳ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ اﺮﻴﺜﻛ ىﺮﺗ نﻮﻨﻣﺆﻳ اﻮﻧﺎﻛ ﻮﻟو .نوﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻢﻫباﺬﻌﻟا ﻲﻓو ﻢﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻂﺨﺳ نأ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ اﺮﻴﺜﻛ ﻦﻜﻟو ءﺎﻴﻟوأ ﻢﻫوﺬﺨﺗا ﺎﻣ ﻪﻴﻟإ لﺰﻧأ ﺎﻣو ﻲﺒﻨﻟاو ﻪﻠﻟﺎﺑنﻮﻘﺳﺎﻓ
“You see many of them taking the disbelievers as their protectors and helpers. Evil indeed is that which their own selves have sent forward before them, for that, Allah’s wrath fell upon them and in torment they will abide forever. And had they believed in Allah, and in the Prophet and in what has been revealed to him, never would they have taken them (i.e., the disbelievers) as protectors and helpers, but many of them are al-fasiqun(disobedient disbelievers).”1
Wilayah is support, love, honor, and respect, in public and in secret, for those loved by one. Allah (ta‘ala) said:
اوﺮﻔﻛ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاو ۖرﻮﻨﻟا ﻰﻟإ تﺎﻤﻠﻈﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻢﻬﺟﺮﺨﻳ اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﻲﻟو ﻪﻠﻟا تﺎﻤﻠﻈﻟا ﻰﻟإ رﻮﻨﻟا ﻦﻣﻢﻬﻧﻮﺟﺮﺨﻳ تﻮﻏﺎﻄﻟا ﻢﻫؤﺎﻴﻟوأ
“Allah is the wali of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their allies is the taghut, they bring them out from light into darkness.”2
Wala is not for anyone except Allah (ta‘ala), for His messenger (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and for the believers. He (subhanahu) said:
نﻮﺗﺆﻳو ةﺎﻠﺼﻟا نﻮﻤﻴﻘﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاو ﻪﻟﻮﺳرو ﻪﻠﻟا ﻢﻜﻴﻟو ﺎﻤﻧإ بﺰﺣ نﺈﻓ اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاوﻪﻟﻮﺳرو ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺘﻳ ﻦﻣو .نﻮﻌﻛار ﻢﻫو ةﺎﻛﺰﻟا نﻮﺒﻟﺎﻐﻟا ﻢﻫ ﻪﻠﻟا
“Verily, your wali is Allah, His messenger, and the believers - those who perform salah, give zakah, and bow down. And whosoever takes Allah, His messenger, and those who have believed, as allies, then the party of Allah will be the victorious.”3
Thus wala towards the believers is by loving them because of their iman, supporting them, advising them, making du‘a for them, staying with them and beingmerciful towards them, removing harm from them, giving them the Islamic rights, and other than that, which enters into al-wala. Allah (ta‘ala) said:
2 Surah al-Baqarah: 257.
ﻢﻬﻨﻴﺑ ءﺎﻤﺣر رﺎﻔﻜﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ءاﺪﺷأ ﻪﻌﻣ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاو ۚﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺪﻤﺤﻣ
“Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers and merciful among themselves.”4
Therefore, the allegiance with the believers necessitates being close to them andshowing love for them with statements, actions, and intentions; and it necessitates helping everyone acting on Islam with belief, statement, and action, defending his honor and wealth. So the foundation of allegiance is love, and the foundation ofenmity is hatred. And from these two rises the actions of the hearts and limbswhich enters into the reality of allegiance and enmity like support, befriending,cooperation, and like jihad, hijrah, and so on from actions that establish the reality ofwala. And it is necessary for allegiance to Allah be from sincerity. He (subhanahu wa ta‘ala) said:
ﺎﻟو ﻢﻌﻄﻳ ﻮﻫو ضرﺄﻟاو تاوﺎﻤﺴﻟا ﺮﻃﺎﻓ ﺎﻴﻟو ﺬﺨﺗأ ﻪﻠﻟا ﺮﻴﻏأ ﻞﻗ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻧﻮﻜﺗ ﺎﻟو ۖﻢﻠﺳأ ﻦﻣلوأ نﻮﻛأ نأ تﺮﻣأ ﻲﻧإ ﻞﻗ ۗﻢﻌﻄﻳ ﻦﻴﻛﺮﺸﻤﻟا
“Say: ‘Shall I take as a wali any other than Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? And it is He who feeds but is not fed?’ Say: ‘Verily, I am commanded to be the first of those who submit themselves to Allah, and be not of the mushrikun.’ ”5
So one does not ally for the sake of fame and wealth; allegiance is for the sake of Allah, the Exalted.
- Thus our allegiance is to whoever believes in Allah as his Lord, Islam as his
din, and Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) as his prophet.
- Our allegiance is for the believer who worships Allah alone without ascribing a partner to Him and follows the Prophet in all of his statements and actions.
- Our allegiance is for the one who has taken the Quran as his methodology and way.
- Our allegiance is for the one who works for the ruling by the Shari‘ah, calls for itsestablishment, and acts upon it diligently to give it strength between the people.
- Our allegiance is for the one who raises the flag of Islam, stands for its spreading inall lands and carries its concern. Thus teaching the people tawhid and warning themfrom shirk in order for them to worship Allah, the Most Forgiving, the Grateful, so that they destroy the shirk of graves and palaces.
- Our allegiance is to the one who left lands, friends, family, and countries to supportthe One, ad-Dayyan (the One who recompenses); so he supported the mujahidin inevery area, supported them in Iraq, Chechnya, Somalia, Mali, and in al-Maghrib,Turkistan, and in the Arabian Peninsula and Afghanistan, and in Palestine and Sham.
- Our allegiance is for the one who migrated to defend the lands of Islam with hisspearhead and speech; so he protected the nation of Islam, rescued babies that werestill breast-fed and the crooked old men and gave everything dear and precious to him for regaining the captured al-Aqsa.
- Our allegiance is for the believer who who strives with his life and wealth so thatthe oppressed can live and the rights of the oppressed can be returned to them; thushe went into the pain of death in their defense, he attacked and wandered aroundunder the bombing, so that brothers and sisters are not thrown into prisons and Muslims humiliated.
- Our allegiance is to every mumin mujahid in the path of Allah, who sees what hasoccurred to the Islamic Ummah from killing, bombing, destruction, demolition ofthe women and children, and was not pleased with his condition nor could he findpleasure in food and drink, so he fled to rescue them in response to the statement ofal-‘Aziz, al-Wahhab:
ﻪﻠﻟا ﻞﻴﺒﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻜﺴﻔﻧأو ﻢﻜﻟاﻮﻣﺄﺑ اوﺪﻫﺎﺟو ﺎﻟﺎﻘﺛو ﺎﻓﺎﻔﺧ اوﺮﻔﻧا
“Go forth, whether light or heavy, and strive with your wealth and your lives in the cause of Allah.”6
And fearful that he falls into the punishment mentioned in the statement:
ﺎﻤﻴﻟأ ﺎﺑاﺬﻋ ﻢﻜﺑﺬﻌﻳ اوﺮﻔﻨﺗ ﺎﻟإ
“If you do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment.”7
- Our allegiance is to the believer who rejected democracy that idolized man andis in contradiction to the ruling belonging to Allah alone. So whoever wages waragainst democracy, which violates the Quran and Sunnah, we ally with him, supportand love him, place our hand with his, open our hearts and homes for him, and extend to him our hands.
The origin of loyalty is love and the origin of enmity is hate, from them stem actionsof the heart and limbs that enter individuals into true loyalty or enmity, actions like aiding, supporting, jihad, hijrah, etc. Indeed, wala and bara are a necessary part of thestatement ‘la ilaha illallah’. Wala is rooted in love and support, while bara is rooted inhatred and enmity. So whoever loves the believers but does not aid or support them against their enemies, he does not have true loyalty for them. Likewise, those who hate the disbelievers, hypocrites, and apostates, but does not have enmitytowards them have not truly disassociated from them. He (ta‘ala) said:
ﻢﻬﻣﻮﻘﻟ اﻮﻟﺎﻗ ذإ ﻪﻌﻣ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاو ﻢﻴﻫاﺮﺑإ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨﺴﺣ ةﻮﺳأ ﻢﻜﻟ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺪﻗ ﻢﻜﻨﻴﺑو ﺎﻨﻨﻴﺑ اﺪﺑو ﻢﻜﺑ ﺎﻧﺮﻔﻛ ﻪﻠﻟانود ﻦﻣ نوﺪﺒﻌﺗ ﺎﻤﻣو ﻢﻜﻨﻣ ءآﺮﺑ ﺎﻧإ هﺪﺣو ﻪﻠﻟﺎﺑ اﻮﻨﻣﺆﺗ ﻰﺘﺣ اﺪﺑأ ءﺎﻀﻐﺒﻟاو ةواﺪﻌﻟا
“There has already been for you an excellent pattern in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people: ‘Indeed, we are disassociated from you and from whatever you worship other than Allah. We have denied you, and there has appeared between us and you animosity and hatred forever until you believe in Allah alone.’ ”8
And He (ta‘ala) said:
ﻚﻟذ ﻞﻌﻔﻳ ﻦﻣو ۖﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟا نود ﻦﻣ ءﺎﻴﻟوأ ﻦﻳﺮﻓﺎﻜﻟا نﻮﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟا ﺬﺨﺘﻳ ﺎﻟ
ۗﻪﺴﻔﻧ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻢﻛرﺬﺤﻳو ۗةﺎﻘﺗ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ اﻮﻘﺘﺗ نأ ﺎﻟإ ءﻲﺷ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺲﻴﻠﻓ ﺮﻴﺼﻤﻟا ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإو
“Let not believers take disbelievers as allies rather than believers. And whoever [of you] does that has nothing with Allah, except when taking precaution against them in prudence. And Allah warns you of Himself, and to Allah is the [final] destination.”9
And He (ta‘ala) said:
ﻮﻟو ﻪﻟﻮﺳرو ﻪﻠﻟا دﺎﺣ ﻦﻣ نوداﻮﻳ ﺮﺧﺂﻟا مﻮﻴﻟاو ﻪﻠﻟﺎﺑ نﻮﻨﻣﺆﻳ ﺎﻣﻮﻗ ﺪﺠﺗا ﻢﻫءﺎﻨﺑأ وأ ﻢﻫءﺎﺑآ اﻮﻧﺎﻛ
“You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons…”10
It is mentioned in the tafsir of this ayah that is referring to Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah when he killed his father during the Battle of Badr.
And He (ta‘ala) said:
ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺎﺒﻌﻟو اوﺰﻫ ﻢﻜﻨﻳد اوﺬﺨﺗا ﻦﻳﺬﻟا اوﺬﺨﺘﺗ ﺎﻟ اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﺎﻬﻳأ ﺎﻳ ءﺎﻴﻟوأ رﺎﻔﻜﻟاو ﻢﻜﻠﺒﻗ ﻦﻣبﺎﺘﻜﻟا اﻮﺗوأ
“O you who have believed, take not those who have taken your din in ridicule and amusement among the ones who were given the Book before you nor the disbelievers as allies.”11
And He (ta‘ala) said:
ﻢﻬﺴﻔﻧأ ﻢﻬﻟ ﺖﻣﺪﻗ ﺎﻣ ﺲﺌﺒﻟ ۚاوﺮﻔﻛ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا نﻮﻟﻮﺘﻳ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ اﺮﻴﺜﻛ ىﺮﺗ نوﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻢﻫ باﺬﻌﻟا ﻲﻓو ﻢﻬﻴﻠﻋﻪﻠﻟا ﻂﺨﺳ نأ
“You see many of them allying with those who disbelieved. How wretched is that which they have put forth for themselves in that Allah has become angry with them, and in the punishment they will abide eternally.12
10 Surah al-Mujadalah: 22.
11 Surah al-Maidah: 57.
And He (ta‘ala) said regarding to the disbelievers in general:
ﻢﻬﻴﻟإ نﻮﻘﻠﺗ ءﺎﻴﻟوأ ﻢﻛوﺪﻋو يوﺪﻋ اوﺬﺨﺘﺗ ﺎﻟ اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﺎﻬﻳأ ﺎﻳ ةدﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ
“O you who have believed, do not take My enemies and your enemies as allies, extending to them affection…”13
Even more than that, Allah has forbidden having loyalty towards the disbelievers even if they have close familial ties. He (ta‘ala) said:
ﺮﻔﻜﻟا اﻮﺒﺤﺘﺳا نإ ءﺎﻴﻟوأ ﻢﻜﻧاﻮﺧإو ﻢﻛءﺎﺑآ اوﺬﺨﺘﺗ ﺎﻟ اﻮﻨﻣآ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﺎﻬﻳأ ﺎﻳ نﻮﻤﻟﺎﻈﻟا ﻢﻫ ﻚﺌﻟوﺄﻓ ﻢﻜﻨﻣﻢﻬﻟﻮﺘﻳ ﻦﻣو ۚنﺎﻤﻳﺈﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ
“O you who have believed, do not take your fathers or your brothers as allies if they have preferred disbelief over belief. And whoever does so among you - then it is those who are the dhalimun (oppressive disbelievers).14
And He (ta‘ala) said:
ضرﺄﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨﺘﻓ ﻦﻜﺗ هﻮﻠﻌﻔﺗ ﺎﻟإ ۚﺾﻌﺑ ءﺎﻴﻟوأ ﻢﻬﻀﻌﺑ اوﺮﻔﻛ ﻦﻳﺬﻟاو ﺮﻴﺒﻛ دﺎﺴﻓو
“And those who disbelieved are allies of one another. If you do not do so, there will be fitnah on earth and great corruption.”15
13 Surah al-Mumtahanah: 1.
14 Surah at-Tawbah: 23.
15 Surah al-Anfal: 73.
So Allah (ta‘ala) has tied loyalty between believers and cut off loyalty between believers and disbelievers. And He informed us that disbelievers are allies of oneanother. If this does not occur then much discord and corruption would befall. Is it possible that the din be complete or to establish the knowledge of jihad or theknowledge of commanding good and forbidding evil except with love for the sake ofAllah and hatred for the sake of Allah and enmity for the sake of Allah and loyalty for the sake of Allah?
If people are in agreement on one way and have love without enmity or hate, therewould not be a distinction between haqq (truth) and batil (falsehood) nor between thebelievers and disbelievers nor between the allies of ar-Rahman and the allies of theShaytan.
In sum: we should revert to the pure belief that is exemplified through correcting the understanding of the word of tawhid and correcting the understandingof ‘ibadah as being a way of life, and raising the new generation based on the book of Allah and the Sunnah and removing what remains of the ideological invasion, aswell and deepening the concept of wala and bara in the hearts of the people, and tothe stress the concept of enmity between the group of Allah and the group of theShaytan, and to arouse the expectation that victory from Allah is coming soon. And Allah (ta‘ala) knows best and is the wisest.
May the salah and salam of Allah be upon our prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions altogether.
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