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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

175,510
RESULTS
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Media Type
18
collections
175,492
texts
Year
1,421
1931
2,324
1930
2,120
1929
2,179
1928
2,313
1927
2,433
1926
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Topics & Subjects
12,902
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
12,432
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
10,233
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
9,054
Natural history
8,939
Science
7,720
Botany
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Collection
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
1,083
engelmann, george,
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
567
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
550
united states national museum
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Language
130,285
English
15,285
German
12,439
French
2,716
Latin
2,594
Spanish
2,273
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
8,473
ITEMS
6.8M
VIEWS
collection
eye 6.8M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,041
ITEMS
1.1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 1.1M
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
7,241
ITEMS
432,888
VIEWS
collection
eye 432,888
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
309,772
VIEWS
collection
eye 309,772
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
260,219
VIEWS
collection
eye 260,219
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,442
ITEMS
208,150
VIEWS
collection
eye 208,150
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
3,447
ITEMS
154,610
VIEWS
collection
eye 154,610
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 123,974
favorite 17
comment 2
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
collection
eye 76,978
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
10
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany -- Great Britain, Wild flowers -- Great Britain Identification
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
texts
eye 44,959
favorite 32
comment 0
Previously published as: On the origin of species by means of natural selection
Topics: Evolution, Natural selection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 42,094
favorite 14
comment 4
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 41,585
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 40,152
favorite 28
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 33,722
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 32,330
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 29,701
favorite 62
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 27,221
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
26,111
VIEWS
collection
eye 26,111
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 25,598
favorite 28
comment 20
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 20 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 23,895
favorite 7
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 22,879
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 22,350
favorite 26
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 22,041
favorite 14
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 20,590
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
14
Topics: English language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc, Gaelic language -- Glossaries, vocabularies,...
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 19,734
favorite 9
comment 1
Latin and English on opposite pages
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,696
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 19,137
favorite 3
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 19,134
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 18,887
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 18,715
favorite 3
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,239
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 18,186
favorite 2
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,826
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,804
favorite 9
comment 0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 17,728
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 17,596
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Originally published in 1652 under title: The English physician
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica, Botany, Medical, Herbs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 17,093
favorite 9
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 16,926
favorite 2
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 16,701
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 16,238
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 16,175
favorite 5
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 16,045
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 16,045
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,021
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 15,420
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 15,239
favorite 10
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
14
Topics: Agriculture, English language, English language, Home economics, cbk
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 15,127
favorite 6
comment 0
Latin and English on opposite pages
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 15,098
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,025
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 14,728
favorite 2
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 14,648
favorite 6
comment 0
Topic: Botany
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 14,539
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Cockfighting
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,480
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,404
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 14,286
favorite 1
comment 0
26 52
Topic: Agriculture -- Early works to 1800
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 14,220
favorite 5
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 14,170
favorite 12
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 18
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 14,046
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 13,942
favorite 1
comment 0
26
Topics: Encyclopedias and dictionaries -- Early works to 1600, Education of princes, Civilization,...
"A short list of Leeuwenhoek's writings": p. 388-397
Topics: Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van, 1632-1723, Protozoa, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,898
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 13,716
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,576
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,534
favorite 5
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development; Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
texts
eye 13,406
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Science and state -- United States, Research -- United States