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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: typewriter :: selectric :: Troubleshooting The IBM Selectric Typewriter
Topics: adjust, pawl, latch, cycle, tab, ribbon, clutch, spring, rotate, clearance, cycle clutch, carrier...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: monitor :: 1620-PR-033 1620-1443 Monitor I Listings and Flowcharts Sep65
Topics: tfm, ccccc, oorg, ooooo, erm, bnf, btm, fac, dorg, monitor, subs set, ccccc ccccc, entry accress,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: xt :: 1502237 PC XT Technical Reference Apr83
Topics: mov, data, adapter, interrupt, mode, byte, status, command, set, high intensity, fixed disk, mov...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: xt :: 68X2537 XT286 Technical Reference Aug86
Topics: mov, byte, data, keyboard, interrupt, segment, error, set, offset, code, mov mov, system board, mov...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: at :: 1502494 PC AT Technical Reference Mar84
Topics: mov, data, byte, jmp, keyboard, offset, diskette, interrupt, set, mov mov, jmp short, ibm personal,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: xt :: 6361459 PC XT Technical Reference Apr84
Topics: mov, data, bios, system, note, pop, alt, jmp, set, interrupt, high intensity, system bios, mov mov,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: ssp :: GH20-0205-4-SSP-programmers Aug70
Topics: subroutine, matrix, vector, function, subroutines, values, precision, input, dimension, error,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: GC28-6399-2 COBOL Compiler and Library Version 2 Programmers Guide Jul72
Topics: data, statement, compiler, programmer, control, source, ibm, user, programming, program, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: pc :: 6025008 PC Technical Reference Aug81
Topics: mov, data, adapter, interrupt, status, byte, note, code, memory, high intensity, system board,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: cards :: Technical Reference Options and Adapters Volume 2 Apr84
Topics: mov, adapter, data, hex, byte, address, status, graphics, command, fixed disk, enhanced graphics,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-2 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Dec76
Topics: scp, data, ibm, program, mgmt, supervisor, storage, system, commands, tso, data mgmt, data set, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GA28-1310-2 TSO Terminal Messages Jan86
Topics: detected, issued, contained, command, data, user, code, error, set, tso, data set, return code,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: pc jr :: PCjr Technical Reference Nov83
Topics: mov, data, interrupt, modem, byte, ibm, keyboard, printer, color, mode, mov mov, rom bios, diskette...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: LY33-6034-0 CICS VS Version 1 Release 4.1 OS VS PLM Jul79
Topics: program, control, data, ibm, licensed, routine, storage, diagram, property, material, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0027-2 PLIcmsMsg Jun73
Topics: invalid, statement, dcl, data, ibm, programming, compiler, option, example, refer, calling ibm,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: PS2 and IBM PC Product Reference Version 4.0 Apr87
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, april, diskette, display, vpa, central service, vpa...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: industrial computer :: 6522361 IBM 7531 7532 Industrial Computer Technical Reference System Unit Jul85
Topics: mov, byte, system, jmp, data, bios, keyboard, set, offset, segment, system bios, system unit, jmp...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: C20-1690-0 1130 Computing System Users Guide
Topics: subsections, program, disk, data, file, ibm, payroll, socal, core, core storage, payol payol, error...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VSE :: SC24-5146-2 VSE VSAM Messages and Codes Apr82
Topics: catalog, programmer, command, system, error, vsam, message, file, rerun, code, access method,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GC28-1375-1 MVS 370 Message Library System Messages Volume 2 IEC-ISG Jan85
Topics: system, data, message, operator, error, command, volume, device, programmer, processing, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0804-080A Vol 03
Topics: bsi, sto, mdx, bsc, routine, ldx, program, error, set, prog, maintenance diagnostic, function test,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DCF :: SH20-9161-0 Document Composition Facility Users Guide Jul78
Topics: control, word, input, symbol, output, text, macro, lines, file, column, control word, document...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: monitor :: 1620-PR-025 1620 Monitor I Listings and Flowcharts Jul63
Topics: tfm, dorg, dsc, btm, oorg, dsa, ooooo, fortran, tdm, bnf, dup routine, subroutines set, symbol...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: 1401 autocoderListing
Topics: mcw, dcw, bce, lit, gen, operands, sfx, lin, locn, seq, instruction type, type card, lin label,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: SY24-5161-1 OS VS1 Job Management Rel 2 Logic Jan73
Topics: pointer, entry, data, routine, command, module, job, message, parameter, data set, dec hex, work...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 30 Sep74 :: GC33-5380-1 DOS VS Serviceability Aids and Debugging Procedures Rel 30 Sep74
Topics: program, address, dump, error, output, oooooooo, trace, storage, system, partition, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC24-3381-0 AIX Communications Handbook Jun89
Topics: ibm, file, aix, network, host, program, system, data, command, sna, communications handbook, aix...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6483-2 OS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Jun84
Topics: data, program, cobol, statement, record, file, control, parameter, set, option, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-0 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Jul74
Topics: data, storage, press, ibm, program, set, system, command, display, error, data set, main storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: GG24-4172-0 Using 3174 in TCP IP Networks Jun94
Topics: xxx, telnet, host, configuration, network, address, figure, ibm, panel, sna, xxx xxx, station set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: SC28-6456-0 IBM OS COBOL Compiler and Library Ver 4 Programmers Guide May72
Topics: data, program, statement, cobol, control, parameter, storage, set, file, message, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: monitor :: 1620-PR-029 1620 Monitor II Listings and Flowcharts Version 2
Topics: tfm, btm, dorg, dsc, tdm, bnf, dsa, monitor, fortran, erm, blxm fmon, entry address, subroutines...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: pc :: 1502234 PC Technical Reference Apr83
Topics: mov, data, adapter, byte, interrupt, mode, status, system, memory, mov mov, high intensity, fixed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: programs :: 1620-CN-06X AD-APT Numerical Control Processor :: 1620-1311 AD-APT Numerical Control Processor Listings
Topics: tfl, subprogram, oorg, btm, ooooo, fmul, nop, monitr, dorg, tfm, symbol table, ooooo ooooo,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: ims vs :: SH20-9145-0 IMS VS Version 1 Primer Sep78
Topics: data, base, segment, program, logical, message, application, terminal, input, output, data base,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: SC21-9024-5 System 36 Procedures and Commands Summary Jun87
Topics: file, library, procedure, display, system, diskette, disk, member, printer, procedures, display...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: typewriter :: 1262087 ET Parts Manual Jan60
Topics: platen, lever, spring, rack, screw, asm, bar, typebar, tab, shaft, type bar, typebar typebar, bell...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0811-0812 Vol 05
Topics: sto, bsi, diagnostic, program, mdx, address, test, routine, sla, error, byte count, diagnostic...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pgmCatalog :: GC20-1603-10 1620 Catalog of Programs Jan71
Topics: program, columns, package, ibm, basic, documentation, readable, inquiries, indicate, program...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: ibm simulator :: A21B Absolute Loader
Topics: bal, equ, hvc, routine, address, device, program, eject, control, control program, ris card,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: R01-08 :: R20-4067-0 System 360 Operating System Workshop Education Guide 1967
Topics: oooooooo, data, routine, svc, control, equ, program, dcb, error, block, data set, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 7030 :: mcp :: MCP Mar63 250-445
Topics: binary, location, punid, unit, clock, statement, cnop, output, chan, time clock, statement...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: SC33-0079-2 CICS VS Version 1 Release 5 Application Programmers Ref Macro Level May80
Topics: data, macro, control, storage, program, terminal, application, operand, address, task, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.7 1977 :: GC38-1015-0 OS VS2 System Messages Rel 3.7 Jul76
Topics: system, data, message, operator, command, volume, error, programmer, set, processing, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: csmp :: Speckhart A Guide to Using CSMP 1976
Topics: csmp, program, output, function, integration, statements, statement, variables, macro, fortran,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0802-0803 Vol 02
Topics: mdx, bsc, diagnostic, sto, program, bsi, dft, loop, ldx, prog, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: SC33-0070-5 CICS VS Version 1 Release 6 Installation and Operation Guide Jun83
Topics: cics, data, system, program, control, storage, sample, transaction, application, sets, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: GC24-5091-3 OS VS1 Rel 3 Programmers Reference Digest Dec73
Topics: data, opr, macro, specifies, ibm, address, code, operand, control, set, data set, reference digest,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 704 :: FORTRAN II Listing :: 304349-Volume I
Topics: cla, tsx, sto, txi, htr, lxd, sxd, ooooo, txl, htr htr, ooooo ooooo, word count, pze pze, entry...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: ISPF :: SC34-2088-2 ISPF Dialog Mangement MVS Mar85
Topics: dialog, ispf, command, panel, variable, table, variables, display, user, function, ispf dialog,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: 3480 MI A01
Topics: unit, control, tape, inst, error, drive, channel, oper, data, power, control unit, tape unit, tape...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: RACF :: SC38-1014-5 Resource Access Control Facility Messages and Codes Dec83
Topics: racf, data, command, set, messages, processing, error, message, operator, operand, data set, racf...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: punchedCard :: Training :: Van Ness Principles of Punched Card Data Processing 1962
Topics: data, processing, punched, cards, machine, ibm, department, punch, code, data processing, punched...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: SC21-7938-5 System 36 System Messages Jun87
Topics: option, job, data, created, step, enter, sys, auto, message, explanation, data created, enter...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.7 1977 :: GC28-0708-1 OS VS2 Debugging Handbook Vol 1 Rel 3.7 Nov78
Topics: macro, address, oooooooo, svc, data, hhhhhhhh, module, control, tcb, bytes, oooooooo oooooooo,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GC28-1374-1 MVS 370 Message Library System Messages Volume 1 AHL-IEA Jan85
Topics: system, data, message, operator, programmer, volume, error, command, processing, messages, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: SC33-0149-2 CICS VS Version 1 Release 6 Resource Definition Guide Apr84
Topics: operand, dfhtct, terminal, cics, data, macro, program, code, control, transaction, control table,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA23-0059-4 3270 Data Stream Programmers Reference Dec88
Topics: data, field, structured, character, partition, query, stream, reply, display, attribute, structured...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: SA38-0037-00 Personal Computer Family Service Information Manual Jul89
Topics: adapter, system, memory, diskette, ibm, drive, display, option, switch, diskette drive, fixed disk,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: C20-1601-5 1401 pgmCatalog
Topics: program, ibm, file, programs, tape, system, disk, inquiries, autocoder, file number, direct...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: SY27-2573-4 3174 51R 52R 53R 61R 62R 63R Maintenance May89
Topics: test, adapter, terminal, status, port, cable, data, display, diskette, models, asynchronous...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 2 Jun82 :: SC19-6204-1 VM SP System Messages and Codes Rel 2 Apr82
Topics: invalid, system, file, command, error, user, disk, device, virtual, action, system action, user...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: 320-1621-15 IBM Marketing Publications KWIC Index Jun67
Topics: basic, prog, cntl, oper, sys, plm, tnl, operating, dos, acctg, basic prog, cntl pnl, proposal...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0027-5 OS PLI Optimizing Compiler Messages Feb82
Topics: explanation, invalid, statement, example, data, dcl, ibm, error, programmer, compiler, programmer...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA27-2749-10 3270 Information Display System Component Description Feb80
Topics: data, command, character, display, printer, buffer, device, control, error, operator, control unit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: general program library :: 2.0.059 C4D An Operating System Built Around PDQ
Topics: tfm, bnf, btm, dorg, tdm, erm, bne, label, bnr, disk, label mnem, mnem operands, symbol table,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: ZZ33-0523-0 APL PC Version 2.1 Nov86
Topics: apl, ibm, function, internal, workspace, functions, auxiliary, variable, version, chapter, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3291-1 Installation Guidelines for the IBM Token-Ring Network Products Dec89
Topics: network, lan, ibm, adapter, program, configuration, gateway, host, workstation, installation, lan...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: serviceForConsultants :: Service For Consultants 198312 Complete :: 15 Type Catalog
Topics: type, ibm, character, abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz, keyboard, catalog, characters, standard,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 6 :: GC20-1801-10 VM370 Sysgen Rel 6 Jan80
Topics: system, virtual, cms, macro, control, ibm, program, generation, device, file, system generation,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6478-1 DOS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Mar75
Topics: program, file, statement, cobol, data, control, record, option, records, clause, control statement,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-B :: 1131 MDP A05 Aug69
Topics: bsc, program, sto, routine, mdx, diagnostic, sca, bsi, test, stx, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-2081-1 AIX 2.2 Operating System Commands Reference Volume 2 Sep88
Topics: command, file, system, files, aix, operating, default, displays, message, aix operating, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3816-0 High-Speed Networking Technology An Introductory Survey Mar92
Topics: data, network, frame, node, lan, packet, speed, link, transmission, networking, high speed, speed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: GC24-5097-0 OS VS1 Release Guide Rel 2 Jan73
Topics: module, data, release, ssi, system, mod, alias, abend, program, guide, data set, system generation,...