This second volume of PISA 2012 results defines and measures equity in education and analyses how equity in education has evolved across countries between PISA 2003 and 2012. The volume examines the relationship between student performance and socioeconomic status, and describes how other individual student characteristics, such as immigrant background and family structure, and school characteristics, such as school location, are associated with socioeconomic status and performance. The volume also reveals differences in how equitably countries allocate resources and opportunities to learn to schools with different socioeconomic profiles. Case studies,examining the policy reforms adopted by countries that have improved in PISA, are highlighted throughout the volume.
Includes bibliographical references
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (OECD iLibrary, viewed December 19, 2013)