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Cultural & Academic Films

This library of academic and cultural films features collections from the Academic Film Archive and the Media Burn Independent Film Archive, as well as a selection of documentaries created by Dorothy Fadiman. In addition, films from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology are presented including those by Watson Kintner who used film to document his world travels, and the popular television show from the 1950s: “What in the World?”

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This 8 second excerpt from the film Ghost (J. Zucker, 1990, copyright © 1990 Paramount Pictures Corporation) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Carl and Willy break into the building where Oda Mae lives. The tracking camera lets a fence enter the screen in the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd. and National Film Development Corporation Ltd.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the two lawyers in charge of Gandhi's trial realize that tempers are flaring in...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Little Big Man (A. Penn, 1970, copyright © 1970 Hiller Productions) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jack listens to the last words of his friend Hickok who's just been shot in a bar. A shroud then covers the camera and abruptly...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 2 second excerpt from the film My Name is Nobody (T. Valerii, 1973, copyright © 1973 RAFRAN) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Nobody leaves the town where he has just met Jack Beauregard for the first time. Sometimes (very often actually), simple is better. A...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd. and National Film Development Corporation Ltd.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, representatives of the Goondas (Hindu thugs) leave Gandhi after laying down arms,...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 8 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Warner Bros. Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Wendy and Danny run to the massive hedge maze of the hotel for a bit of fun. The tracking camera lets a map -- showing the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Sherlock – A Study in Pink (P. McGuigan, 2010, copyright © 2010 Hartswood Films Ltd) showcases the use of image focus to suggest limited consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Watson -- an ex-army doctor injured in a war -- wakens with a jolt from a nightmare. Even after he wakes...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 25 second excerpt from the film Max Payne (J. Moore, 2008, copyright © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in all territories except Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain; TCF Hungary Film Rights Exploitation Limited Liability Company, Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain) showcases the use of image focus for character introspection. In order to comply with the Fair Use...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Close Encounters of the Third Kind (S. Spielberg, 1977, copyright © 1977. 1980 Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Roy and Jillian's getaway comes to an end when they face a military fence in the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 18 second excerpt from the film Contact (R. Zemeckis, 1997, copyright © 1997 Warner Bros.) showcases the use of image focus for isolating subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, focus is used to emphasize Ellie and Palmer's inappropriate intimacy during a high-level meeting, like a blurry cocoon...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Contact (R. Zemeckis, 1997, copyright © 1997 Warner Bros.) showcases the use of image focus for isolating subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Ellie moves aside from her boisterous crew to take a step back and consider their responsibility as researchers over...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 6 second excerpt from the film Little Big Man (A. Penn, 1970, copyright © 1970 Hiller Productions) showcases the use of image focus to belittle a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Olga is abducted by a group of Cheyenne warriors before Jack's eyes. Jack, who bravely resisted their assault a moment ago, now feels...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 4 second excerpt from the film The Avengers: Pandora (R. Fuest, 1969, copyright © 1968-1969 Canal+ Image UK Ltd.) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Rupert tells Henry he plans to kill Tara, slicing a piece of cheese in foreground as humorous back-up to his words. A new...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Wanted (T. Bekmambetov , 2008, copyright © 2008 Universal Studios and Ringerike Gmbh & Co. Luftfahrtbeteiligungs KG) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Although they contribute to tell the story, some zoom-in techniques are especially efficient at...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zooming in on characters can be an alternative to letting them walk to the foreground and take over the frame. In the following...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Duel (S. Spielberg, 1971, copyright © 1972 Universal Pictures) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Genarro abandons his car -- and Hammond's grandchildren inside -- in a desperate attempt to escape a T-Rex. The camera trucking...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Solaris (S. Soderbergh, 2002, copyright © 2002 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of image focus to suggest limited consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Chris Kelvin wakes up with the ghostly presence of a dead friend staring at him. Chris isn't sure that...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 11 second excerpt from the film Christine (J. Carpenter, 1983, copyright © 1983 Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Arnie and Dennis have a serious argument about the former's new attitude. The night scene is shot through the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Sorcerer (W. Friedkin, 1977, copyright © 1977 Film Properties International N.V.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Victor Manzon drives a truck on a rope bridge but is unable to see his mate who precedes him on foot. The windshield wiper acts as a...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Cliffhanger (R. Harlin, 1993, copyright © 1993 Cliffhanger B.V.) showcases the use of image focus as a link between subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Frank -- a search and rescue chopper pilot -- tries to contact Hal who has been taken hostage by the team he was to rescue in the...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 24 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Although they were commonplace in the 70's, long, slow zoom-ins narrowing the frame from context to character are still used to introduce a scene....
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 6 second excerpt from the film The Usual Suspects (B. Singer, 1995, copyright © 1995 Rosco Film GmbH & Bad Hat Harry Productions, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus for character introspection. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Kint tries to reminisce about the circumstances of an unsolved murder, in spite of...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 2 second excerpt from the film Cliffhanger (R. Harlin, 1993, copyright © 1993 Cliffhanger B.V.) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Qualen monitors his watch, waiting for a time bomb to blow up on the other side of a suspension bridge. A new subject (the intruder) enters...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Solaris (S. Soderbergh, 2002, copyright © 2002 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of image focus to suggest limited consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Chris is sitting beside his bed, reminiscing about his late wife. The character...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 5 second excerpt from the film The Killer (J. Woo, 1989, copyright © 1989 Film Workshop Co. Ltd.) showcases the use of image focus for characters losing consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Sgt. Tsang Yeh loses consciousness from his injuries after car-chasing a member of the Hong Kong...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 20 second excerpt from the film The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (T. Gilliam, 1988, copyright © 1988 Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the Baron is about to be executed by the Grand Turk. A quick moving back camera reveals a...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 16 second excerpt from the film The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Avaricious Actuary (I. J. Moore, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus for characters gaining consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jim wakes up and finds a woman...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 21 second excerpt from the film La Femme Nikita (L. Besson, 1990, copyright © 1990 Gaumont) showcases the use of image focus for characters losing and gaining consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Nikata wakes up in an unfamiliar room after being heavily sedated. In this case, the...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 10 second excerpt from the film La Femme Nikita (L. Besson, 1990, copyright © 1990 Gaumont) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Nikita faces impending danger as she watches a surgeon prepare an injection. His forearms and hands in foreground keep moving across the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Brazil (T. Gilliam, 1985, copyright © 1985 Embassy International Pictures) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Sam's waking dream is invaded by his 'friend' Jack and the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Information. The two...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 10 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – On Stranger Tides (R. Marshall, 2011, copyright © 2011 Disney Enterprises, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus to depict unawareness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jack Sparrow steals chalices from a Spanish soldier as he polishes...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows the effect of cutting in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cutting in is very effective at sidelining secondary characters. In the following excerpt, Birdy -- who has come to Mrs. Prevost's house to buy one of her birds -- immediately...
Topics: scale-up, cut in
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This 12 second excerpt from the film The Big Blue (L. Besson, 1988, copyright © 1988 Gaumont) showcases the use of image focus as a link between subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Johana watches Jacques swimming with a dolphin at night. A full moon high in the sky shows that the character has been waiting there for a...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Goodfellas (M. Scorsese, 1990, copyright © 1990 Warner Bros Inc.) shows the effect of cutting in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cutting in is frequently turned into a classic editing pattern that allows to split a group of characters and jump from one to the other, as in the following excerpt, where...
Topics: scale-up, cut in
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This 6 second excerpt from TV series episode The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Avaricious Actuary (I. J. Moore, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The sudden awareness conveyed by zoom-ins is so important to storytelling that...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 10 second excerpt from the film Young Sherlock Holmes (B. Levinson, 1985, copyright © 1985 Paramount Pictures Corporation and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows the effect of cutting in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Letting characters fill the screen doesn't automatically mean they appear as evil-minded. The following excerpt...
Topics: scale-up, cut in
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movies
eye 29
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This 13 second excerpt from the film The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Avaricious Actuary (I. J. Moore, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus for characters gaining consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jim wakes up and finds himself tied...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Contact (R. Zemeckis, 1997, copyright © 1997 Warner Bros.) showcases the use of image focus to empower a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Drumlin rudely interrupts Ellie and Palmer's discussion. At first, Drumlin remains out of focus in the background, then...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 5 second excerpt from the film Once Upon a Time in the West (S. Leone, 1968, copyright © 1968 by Paramount Pictures Corporation) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zooming in on subjects to let them fill the frame is not reserved to characters. In the following excerpt, McBain screams with horror as he...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 19 second excerpt from the film Sleepy Hollow (T. Burton, 1999, copyright © 1999 KAROL Film Productions GmbH & Co. KG) showcases the use of image focus to empower a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Constable Ichabod Crane is settling into his room when young servant Sarah passes by and takes this opportunity...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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This 13 second excerpt from the TV series episode Sherlock – A Study in Pink (P. McGuigan, 2010, copyright © 2010 Hartswood Films Ltd) showcases the use of image focus for isolating subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a fistful of journalists are blasting away at Inspector Lestrade about the lack...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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eye 29
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Cliffhanger (R. Harlin, 1993, copyright © 1993 Cliffhanger B.V.) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Even though human beings can't 'zoom in' with their eyes, subjective zoom-ins are very efficient at depicting characters focusing on a subject, especially when that subject...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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eye 29
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Young Sherlock Holmes (B. Levinson, 1985, copyright © 1985 Paramount Pictures Corporation and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a mysterious character walks past Bentley Bobster's dead body on a street....
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
movies
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Little Big Man (A. Penn, 1970, copyright © 1970 Hiller Productions) shows the effect of cutting in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. As cut-ins give shots a less physical and a more mental scale, no wonder why they are so often used to bring out characters' mental activities. In the following excerpt,...
Topics: scale-up, cut in
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movies
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This 14 second excerpt from the film The Abyss (J. Cameron, 1989, copyright © 1989 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of image focus to depict unawareness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Coffey -- who has turned paranoid -- is threatening everyone's security on board. Bud has...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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This 6 second excerpt from the film Underworld (L. Wiseman, 2003, copyright © 2003 Subterranean Productions LLC) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, two Lycans posing as cops try to administer Michael an injection as he transforms into a Lycan inside their car. The...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
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This 7 second excerpt from the film My Name is Nobody (T. Valerii, 1973, copyright © 1973 RAFRAN) showcases the use of image focus to emphasize speech. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jack Beauregard comes in foreground to look out of the window, stealing focus from the speaker in background, only to emphasize his speech....
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1993, copyright © 1993 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, David Mann calls his wife from a gas station to apologize for his little attitude...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
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This 5 second excerpt from the film Subway (L. Besson, 1985, copyright © 1985 Les Films du Loup - TSF Productions - Gaumont - TF1 Films Production) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Héléna has followed the Rollerskater in back corridors of the Metro. Having an out of...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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This 4 second excerpt from the film The Matrix (A. & L. Wachowski, 1999, copyright © 1999 Warner Bros. (U.S., Canada, Bahamas & Bermuda); Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Limited (all other territories)) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Trinity leaves Cypher who...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 2 second excerpt from the film The Lord of the Rings – The Two Towers (P. Jackson, 2002, copyright © 2002 LORD ZWEITE PRODUCTIONS DEUTSCHLAND FILMPRODUKTION GmbH & CO. KG. / New Line Productions, Inc.) showcases the use of flares. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a character staggers as he...
Topic: flare
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movies
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Max Payne (J. Moore, 2008, copyright © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in all territories except Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain; TCF Hungary Film Rights Exploitation Limited Liability Company, Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
eye 30
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This 7 second excerpt from the film The Abyss (J. Cameron, 1989, copyright © 1989 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Bud watches Lindsey trying to get them out of a desperate situation by repairing damaged devices with a ratchet wrench. Lindsey's...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
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This 4 second excerpt from the film 8 Mile (C. Hanson, 2002, copyright © 2002 Mikona Productions GmbH & Co. KG) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, 'Papa Doc' humiliates his contender 'B-Rabbit' by temporarily obstructing the frame with his profile. One character...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 11 second excerpt from the film Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (D. Yates, 2007, copyright © 2007 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.) showcases the use of image focus to emphasize speech. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Hermione tells her friends that, now Dolores Umbridge has taken over their school, they will...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – The Curse of the Black Pearl (G. Verbinski, 2003, copyright © 2003 Disney Enterprises Inc. and Jerry Bruckheimer Inc.) showcases the use of image focus as a link between subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Pintel and Ragetti can't...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Witness (P. Weir, 1985, copyright © 1985 Paramount Pictures Corporation) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a character tries to start the old car he has repaired to escape a bunch of assassins. The windshield wiper acts as a dynamic obstacle, sweeping...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 6 second excerpt from the BBC TV series episode Sherlock – A Study in Pink (P. McGuigan, 2010, copyright © 2010 Hartswood Films Ltd) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Inspector Lestrade finds himself heckled by a horde of journalists in a press conference. The...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (S. Spielberg, 1981, copyright © 1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Carried to the extreme, cut-outs can be used to substitute a meaningful sound to a violent action. In the following excerpt, Jones’ scream gets...
Topics: scale-down, cut out
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This 24 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) showcases the use of image focus for characters losing consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Nanahara is knocked out and loses consciousness in a school bus during a field trip. We (i.e. the...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 21 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Because Close Shots (CS) are mental shot scales, tight zoom-ins give us the feeling that we are able to enter characters' minds. In the following excerpt, this is all the more...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 2 second excerpt from the film Cocoon (R. Howard, 1985, copyright © 1985 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the passengers of a boat are filmed through the propeller of the helicopter that chases them. The visual staccato of the propeller...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 27 second excerpt from the film Jackie Brown (Q. Tarantino, 1997, copyright © 1997 Mighty Mighty Afrodite Productions, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus to depict confusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Max is in total bewilderment as to whether he should run off with Jackie. The character deliberately walks...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 6 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Al wakens with a jolt from a nightmare. His roommate Renaldi jumps out of bed and rushes over to him. Although Renaldi's...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1993, copyright © 1993 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Trucking in on frightening characters scares the audience and makes them recoil. In the following excerpt, the camera trucks...
Topics: scale-up, truck in
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This 22 second excerpt from the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (S. Spielberg, 1982, copyright © 1982 Universal City Studios, Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Elliott starts washing the dishes but can't help thinking about the apparently extra-terrestrial...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 15 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd. and National Film Development Corporation Ltd.) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zooming in can be used to show a concealed subject, as in the following excerpt, where a couple of...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
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This 8 second excerpt from the film For a Few Dollars More (S. Leone, 1965, copyright © 1965 Sergio Leone and Fulvio Morsella) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Monco -- a bounty hunter -- enters the town of White Rocks in search of his current target. A sudden rain...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Little Big Man (A. Penn, 1970, copyright © 1970 Hiller Productions) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Custer and the 7th Cavalry make a surprise attack on a Cheyenne camp. These shots show fleeing horses casting dynamic shadows on...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 3 second excerpt from the film The War of the Worlds (S. Spielberg, 2005, copyright © 2005 Paramount Pictures Corporation and DreamWorks LLC) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a man holding a camcorder unexpectedly enters the frame in the foreground and 'rudely'...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
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This 5 second excerpt from the film Goodfellas (M. Scorsese, 1990, copyright © 1990 Warner Bros Inc.) showcases the use of image focus for characters focusing on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Henry watches his neighbor through the rear-mirror of his convertible. Here, focus shifts to mimic...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 10 second excerpt from the film The Fog (J. Carpenter, 1980, copyright © 1979 AVCO – Embassy Pictures Corporation) showcases the use of image focus to depict unawareness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Elizabeth is quietly waiting at the local coroner's office when a corpse starts to move under a...
Topics: focus, depth of field
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This 19 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd and National Film Development Corporation Ltd) shows how repetition can be used as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The blue-ribbon technique in the field might well be the chain reaction pattern. Instead of repeatedly...
Topics: repetition, reaction shot
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This 28 second excerpt from the film Wanted (T. Bekmambetov , 2008, copyright © 2008 Universal Studios and Ringerike Gmbh & Co. Luftfahrtbeteiligungs KG) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Some techniques deliberately 'go overboard' so that the effect becomes apparent. In the...
Topics: scale-up, truck in