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Cultural & Academic Films

This library of academic and cultural films features collections from the Academic Film Archive and the Media Burn Independent Film Archive, as well as a selection of documentaries created by Dorothy Fadiman. In addition, films from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology are presented including those by Watson Kintner who used film to document his world travels, and the popular television show from the 1950s: “What in the World?”

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Gerard Arthus - NASA Images, Videos, and Documents; A Collection
Sep 22, 2015 JPL/NASA
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This is an educational video "The Asteroid Vesta", produced by the JPL and NASA. Uploaded for an introductory course on Astronomy. ASTR110 section 01, Ancilla College, Donaldson Indiana. Published under the Creative Commons License and in the Public Domain.
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Topics: astr110, astronomy, Asteroids, garthus, JPL, NASA
Gerard Arthus - NASA Images, Videos, and Documents; A Collection
Nov 6, 2014 JPL/NASA
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This is an educational video "The Solar System", produced by the JPL and NASA. Uploaded for an introductory course on Astronomy. ASTR110 section 01, Ancilla College, Donaldson Indiana. Published under the Creative Commons License and in the Public Domain.
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Topics: astr110, astronomy, solar system, garthus, JPL, NASA
movies are made
movies
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This 16 second excerpt from the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (S. Spielberg, 1981, copyright © 1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)) demonstrates the effect of alternating cut-ins and cut-outs. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. One of the most simple — but effective — editing of a scene is an alternation of only two shots: one master shot and a closer shot...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, cut in, cut out
Martian Dust Devil, imaged by Mars Reconnaissance orbiter; 04 April 2012. By National Aeronautics and Space Laboratory (NASA); Public Domain as Published and Funded by the United States Government. The digital text was created by Gerard Arthus and is in the Public Domain under the Creative Commons License; there is no copyright notice or registration filed for this document. http://OpenEducation.org Go to the above site to find out more about the digitization of this item and the on-going...
Topics: garthus, garthus1, astronomy, hubble telescope, nasa, andromeda galaxy, 2012
movies are made
movies
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Mad Max 2 – The Road Warrior (G. Miller, 1981, copyright © 1981 Kennedy Miller Entertainment Pty. Ltd and others) shows the effect of cutting on the look then back to the looking character. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. A shot of a character looking off-screen (i.e. a ‘look‘ shot) cuts to a shot of what...
Topics: editing, editing pattern, cut on the look
movies are made
movies
eye 57
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This 10 second excerpt from the film Born on the Fourth of July (O. Stone, 1989, copyright © 1989 Universal City Studios, Inc.) demonstrates the effect of nested cut-ins. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, several zoom-ins on Ron Kovic through the blades of a ceiling fan are used in a scene where the character is having a...
Topics: cut in, editing pattern
movies are made
movies
eye 99
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This 13 second excerpt from the film The Departed (M. Scorsese, 2006, copyright © 2006 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.) shows multiple angles of the same subject edited together. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Editing together multiple angles af the same subject can be applied to characters to make them appear much more important than they really...
Topics: editing, repetition
movies are made
movies
eye 110
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This 5 second excerpt from the film Max Payne (J. Moore, 2008, copyright © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in all territories except Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain; TCF Hungary Film Rights Exploitation Limited Liability Company, Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain) demonstrates a parallel-axis cut. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research ,...
Topic: editing
movies are made
movies
eye 61
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This 10 second excerpt from the film The Avengers: Homicide and Old Lace (J. Hough, 1969, copyright © 1968-1969 Canal+ Image UK Ltd.) introduces the way editing changes our relationship to time. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Some stories include fictitious action, which calls out for daring editing techniques. In the following excerpt,...
Topic: editing
movies are made
movies
eye 72
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This 87 second excerpt from the film Poltergeist (T. Hooper & S. Spielberg, 1982, copyright © 1982 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Film Company and SLM Entertainment Ltd) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In fact, trucking out is a very common way to close a scene — even a movie — by breaking the link...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
movies
eye 67
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This 16 second excerpt from the TV series episode The Avengers: The Rotters (R. Fuest, 1968, copyright © 1968-1969 Canal+ Image UK Ltd) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zoom-outs can be used to create space around characters. Unbalancing the frame is a great way to make the audience uncomfortable and...
Topics: scale-down, zoom out
movies are made
movies
eye 49
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This 10 second excerpt from the film Contact (R. Zemeckis, 1997, copyright © 1997 Warner Bros) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cutting out is a way to ease the high tension provided by Close Shots. In the following excerpt, tension has insidiously built up between Ellie and Palmer, so a cut-out is...
Topics: scale-down, cut out
movies are made
movies
eye 164
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This 6 second excerpt from the TV series episode The Avengers: Thingumajig (L. Norman, 1969, copyright © 1968-1969 Canal+ Image UK Ltd) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Widening the frame can surprise the audience by allowing a subject initially concealed to be revealed, changing our perspective on...
Topics: scale-down, zoom out
movies are made
movies
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This 12 second excerpt from the film My Name is Nobody (T. Valerii, 1973, copyright © 1973 RAFRAN) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Very often, zoom-ins are merely used to point to some important subject that would go unnoticed in a wider shot. In the following excerpt, a boy hides in...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
movies are made
movies
eye 38
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Mitsuko -- who was about to kill Noriko -- escapes an unexpected danger off screen while Noriko...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 7 second excerpt from the film My Name is Nobody (T. Valerii, 1973, copyright © 1973 RAFRAN) showcases the use of image focus to emphasize speech. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jack Beauregard comes in foreground to look out of the window, stealing focus from the speaker in background, only to emphasize his speech....
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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This 21 second excerpt from the film La Femme Nikita (L. Besson, 1990, copyright © 1990 Gaumont) showcases the use of image focus for characters losing and gaining consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Nikata wakes up in an unfamiliar room after being heavily sedated. In this case, the...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
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This 12 second excerpt from the TV series episode The Avengers: The Morning After (J. Hough, 1969, copyright © 1968-1969 Canal+ Image UK Ltd) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Oftentimes, not only do typical series of ’empty’ shots convey the concept of sound propagation, but they also imply...
Topics: repetition, sound
movies are made
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This 21 second excerpt from the film The Lost World – Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1997, copyright © 1997 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When two characters — or groups of characters — are competing with or against each other,...
Topics: repetition, comparison
movies are made
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This 21 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Because Close Shots (CS) are mental shot scales, tight zoom-ins give us the feeling that we are able to enter characters' minds. In the following excerpt, this is all the more...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
movies are made
movies
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This 6 second excerpt from TV series episode The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Avaricious Actuary (I. J. Moore, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) shows the effect of zooming in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The sudden awareness conveyed by zoom-ins is so important to storytelling that...
Topics: scale-up, zoom in
movies are made
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This 2 second excerpt from the film The Abyss (J. Cameron, 1989, copyright © 1989 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) showcases characters scaling up by moving to the foreground. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Having a subject suddenly invade the audience's comfort zone while looking straight at the camera is an efficient...
Topics: scale-up, move to foreground
movies are made
movies
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Resident Evil: Extinction (R. Mulcahy, 2007, copyright © 2007 Constantin Film International GmbH) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cut-outs allow us to discover the environment without losing sight of the characters. This is especially interesting when characters...
Topics: scale-down, cut out
movies are made
movies
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Max Payne (J. Moore, 2008, copyright © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in all territories except Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain; TCF Hungary Film Rights Exploitation Limited Liability Company, Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain) showcases the use of image focus for isolating subjects. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 40 second excerpt from the film Barry Lyndon (S. Kubrick, 1975, copyright © 1975 Warner Bros Inc.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The environment can add a symbolic touch to characters’ apparent isolation due to zooming out. In the following excerpt, Barry is feeling down after shamefully...
Topics: scale-down, zoom out
movies are made
movies
eye 66
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zoom-outs are frequently used to expose or reveal characters’ environment as a context. For instance, in the following...
Topics: scale-down, zoom out
movies are made
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This 12 second excerpt from TV series episode The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Kraken (M. Caffey, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) shows the effect of zooming while trucking on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Unsurprisingly, zoom-outs are often used in conjunction with truck-outs to increase the speed and...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, zoom in, zoom out, truck in, truck out
movies are made
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This 18 second excerpt from the film Sherlock – A Study in Pink (P. McGuigan, 2010, copyright © 2010 Hartswood Films Ltd) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a shot showing out-of-focus lights of London traffic at night opens and closes a very short...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 9 second excerpt from the film The Usual Suspects (B. Singer, 1995, copyright © 1995 Rosco Film GmbH & Bad Hat Harry Productions, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Kint evokes Keyser's revenge in voice over. The flames in the background are but an...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
eye 28
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This 13 second excerpt from the film The Wild Wild West: The Night of the Avaricious Actuary (I. J. Moore, 1968, copyright © 1968 Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.) showcases the use of image focus for characters gaining consciousness. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jim wakes up and finds himself tied...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
eye 49
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Platoon (O. Stone, 1986, copyright © 1986 Hemdale Film Corporation) showcases the use of image focus to point or conceal. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a soldier points his gun at a blurry silhouette coming to him out of nowhere. Focus is suddenly pulled on the...
Topics: focus, depth of field
movies are made
movies
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Run Lola Run (T. Tykwer, 1998, copyright © 1998 X Filme Creative Pool Gmbh) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Like portrait galleries, evocations can be stylized in many different ways. In the following excerpt, the future of a surly woman is shown in an...
Topics: repetition, evocation, illustration
movies are made
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This 39 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Sounds of ‘real’ heartbeats are commonly added to the soundtrack to bring out the anxiety of a character, even though they are not part of the action. The...
Topics: repetition, sound
movies are made
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This 18 second excerpt from the film A Clockwork Orange (S. Kubrick, 1971, copyright © 1971 Warner Bros Inc. and Polaris Productions Inc.) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. A scene can be made to match the look and feel of a music video provided that sound is rhythmic enough. The usual scheme...
Topics: repetition, sound
movies are made
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – On Stranger Tides (R. Marshall, 2011, copyright © 2011 Disney Enterprises, Inc.) demonstrates a parallel-axis cut. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. It is important to note that whenever we are presented with successive shots of different parts of a subject — all sharing approximately...
Topic: editing
movies are made
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This 14 second excerpt from the film The Terminator (J. Cameron, 1984, copyright © 1984 Cinema'84, A Greenberg Brothers Partnership) shows how repetition can be used as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Let’s consider the following pattern: One event triggering multiple one-way reactions. For instance, repeatedly exposing a...
Topics: repetition, reaction shot
movies are made
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – The Curse of the Black Pearl (G. Verbinski, 2003, copyright © 2003 Disney Enterprises Inc. and Jerry Bruckheimer Inc.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Characters themselves can be revealed by trucking out on a...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
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This 13 second excerpt from the TV series episode Sherlock – A Study in Pink () (P. McGuigan, 2010, copyright © 2010 Hartswood Films Ltd) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Empowering a character by trucking in on his face doesn't always mean that the character is evil-minded or even powerful. In the...
Topics: scale-up, truck in
movies are made
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This 19 second excerpt from the film The War of the Worlds (S. Spielberg, 2005, copyright © 2005 Paramount Pictures Corporation and DreamWorks LLC) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Trucking in on characters' faces makes us feel 'in synch' with their emotions and thoughts even when their eyes are closed or...
Topics: scale-up, truck in
movies are made
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Braveheart (M. Gibson, 1995, copyright © 1995 B.H. Finance C.V.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Trucking out is not limited to scaling backdrops down. In the following excerpt, where Wallace finds the remnants of his father’s farm, the...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Gladiator (R. Scott, 2000, copyright © 2000 Dreamworks LLC and Universal Studios) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The ‘surrounding’ effect of crossing the action plane adds so much to storytelling that, in the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
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This 47 second excerpt from the film Ocean's Eleven (S. Soderbergh, 2001, copyright © 2001 Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Ltd. – All other territories © 2001 Warner Bros) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with static characters, the audience...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 5 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, we see Al exit the frame to the left, which establishes an imaginary vertical plane passing...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 16 second excerpt from the film Babel (A. G. Iñárritu, 2006, copyright © 2006 Babel Productions Inc.) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Many creative storytelling effects derive from the apparent spatial consistency induced by the 180-degree rule. In the following...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Wanted (T. Bekmambetov , 2008, copyright © 2008 Universal Studios and Ringerike Gmbh & Co. Luftfahrtbeteiligungs KG) demonstrates the effect of nested cut-outs. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the inverse Russian doll effect is used to startle the audience the same way Wesley gets...
Topics: cut out, editing pattern
This 11 second excerpt from the film Reservoir Dogs (Q. Tarantino, Copyright 1991 Dog Eat Dog Productions, Inc.) showcases the use of image contrast to raise tension in a shot. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research, sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the camera circles around and towards Mr. Orange to let a strong red light enter the frame and...
Topics: image contrast, camera move, tension
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Godzilla (R. Emmerich, 1998, copyright © 1998 TriStar Pictures, Inc.) shows the effect of cutting on the look then back to the looking character. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Opening the space around the looking character with a longer shot scale is a great way to let him take action. Besides, switching from a...
Topics: editing, editing pattern, cut on the look
movies are made
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This 19 second excerpt from the film Lenny (B. Fosse, 1974, copyright © 1974 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc.) shows an alternative to the regular and reverse 'cut on the look'. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Using shallow depth of field is a very efficient way to separate the looking character from what he is looking at (i.e. the ‘what‘) in...
Topics: editing, cut on the look, reverse cut on the look
movies are made
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This 16 second excerpt from the film Thelma & Louise (R. Scott, 1991, copyright © 1991 Pathé Entertainment, Inc.) shows the effect of editing a 'cut on the look' in reverse. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Displaying the ‘what‘ separately from the looking character is also a great way to start a new scene, by exposing the audience to some...
Topics: editing, editing pattern, reverse cut on the look
movies are made
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eye 585
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Terminator 2 – Judgment Day (J. Cameron, 1991, copyright © 1991 Carolco Pictures Inc. (United States & Canada; Carolco International N.V. (all other countries)) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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eye 62
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This 8 second excerpt from the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (S. Spielberg, Copyright 1982 Universal City Studios, Inc.) showcases the use of low image contrast to raise tension in a shot. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research, sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Mary is about to leave the house to accompany Girtie to school. As usual, she is in...
Topics: image contrast, camera move, tension
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This 39 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) introduces the way editing changes our relationship to time. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Time can be stretched out through cuts, either transparently or blatantly. In the following excerpt, a montage sequence is used to emphasize Birdy's fall, from...
Topic: editing
movies are made
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This 2 minute 48 second excerpt from the film Four Minutes (C. Kraus, 2006, copyright © 2006 Kordes & Kordes Film GmbH / SWR / BR / Arte) demonstrates the effect of alternating cut-ins and cut-outs. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Basing a scene on cut-ins and cut-outs is not the only way to vary shot scale while maintaining...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, cut in, cut out
movies are made
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. A cut-out is a great way to introduce characters without warning, changing the meaning of a shot with a touch of humor. In the following excerpt, Birdy’s surly mother...
Topics: scale-down, cut out
movies are made
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eye 36
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Underworld (L. Wiseman, 2003, copyright © 2003 Subterranean Productions LLC) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cut-outs can be used to amplify motion sideways. In the following excerpt, cutting out amplifies the sudden motion of the subway train in the background...
Topics: scale-down, cut out
movies are made
movies
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This 29 second excerpt from the film Marnie (A. Hitchcock, 1964, copyright © 1964 Geoffrey Stanley Inc.) shows multiple angles of the same subject edited together. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Presenting the audience with different angles of the same subject exaggerates its importance. The audience is made to scrutinize it, which automatically...
Topics: editing, repetition
movies are made
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This 11 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) introduces the way editing changes our relationship to space. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Thanks to editing, not only can the camera instantly jump from place to place, but also from POV to POV. In the following excerpt, the rhythm of cuts speeds up...
Topic: editing
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eye 55
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This 8 second excerpt from the film The Thing (J. Carpenter, 1982, copyright © 1982 Universal City Studios, Inc.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Watching a character moving to a small-scale background prop draws our attention to that prop while keeping it mysterious — perhaps even scary — as in...
Topics: scale-down, move to background
movies are made
movies
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This 12 second excerpt from the film Scanners (D. Cronenberg, 1981, copyright © 1980 Unit-holders on Records in the Unit-holder Register Kept by Montreal Trust Company) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Moving towards characters -- as opposed to zooming in -- allows for intricate...
Topics: scale-up, truck in
movies are made
movies
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This 67 second excerpt from the film Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (N. Oshima, 1983, copyright © 1982 National Film Trustee Company) shows the effect of trucking in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Trucking in on characters changes their scale on screen. Transitioning from physical to mental shot scale puts them in a better position to...
Topics: scale-up, truck in
movies are made
movies
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This 10 second excerpt from the film For a Few Dollars More (S. Leone, 1965, copyright © 1965 Sergio Leone and Fulvio Morsella) shows the effect of cutting in on a subject. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Cut-ins can reflect characters' determination or direct implication in the story, in which case their sudden magnification seems to emanate from...
Topics: scale-up, cut in
movies are made
movies
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This 22 second excerpt from the film A Clockwork Orange (S. Kubrick, 1971, copyright © 1971 Warner Bros Inc. and Polaris Productions Inc.) shows how to use repetition as a storytelling technique. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The repetitive aspect of a portrait gallery is a great asset for mocking characters, as in the following excerpt, where the...
Topics: repetition, portrait gallery
movies are made
movies
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This 46 second excerpt from the film Kill Bill Vol. 1 (Q. Tarantino, 2003, copyright © 2003 Supercool Manchu, Inc.) demonstrates the effect of alternating cut-ins and cut-outs. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. One of the most simple — but effective — editing of a scene is an alternation of only two shots: one master shot and a closer shot...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, cut in, cut out
movies are made
movies
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This 3 second excerpt from the film The War of the Worlds (S. Spielberg, 2005, copyright © 2005 Paramount Pictures Corporation and DreamWorks LLC) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a man holding a camcorder unexpectedly enters the frame in the foreground and 'rudely'...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
movies
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This 8 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Warner Bros. Inc.) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Wendy and Danny run to the massive hedge maze of the hotel for a bit of fun. The tracking camera lets a map -- showing the...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
movies
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Little Big Man (A. Penn, 1970, copyright © 1970 Hiller Productions) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Jack listens to the last words of his friend Hickok who's just been shot in a bar. A shroud then covers the camera and abruptly...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
movies are made
movies
eye 44
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This 7 second excerpt from the film Terminator 2 – Judgment Day (J. Cameron, 1991, copyright © 1991 Carolco Pictures Inc. (United States & Canada; Carolco International N.V. (all other countries)) showcases the use of dynamic occlusion. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, a woman tries to escape a...
Topics: overlay, occlusion
'Moment Of Inertia And Damping Of Fluid In Tanks Undergoing Pitching Oscillations', NACA (National Advisory Committee For Aeronautics) Research Memorandum, RM L53E01a. Published by NACA. 11 June 1953. Dimensions are:  199 millimeters width by 263 millimeters height, weight 41.4 grams, and 14 pages. This Digital work was created by Gerard Arthus and is in the Public Domain under the Creative Commons License. Any questions regarding this item should be directed to garthus801@gmail .com For more...
Topics: garthus, garthus1, infoportal, NACA, research memorandum, aeronautics, RML53E01a, 1953
This is an educational video "Mars: West Holden Crater", produced by the JPL and NASA. Uploaded for an introductory course on Astronomy. ASTR110 section 01, Ancilla College, Donaldson Indiana. Published under the Creative Commons License and in the Public Domain.
Topics: astr110, astronomy, planetary system, garthus, JPL, NASA, mars
movies are made
movies
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This 12 second excerpt from the film Alien (R. Scott, 1979, copyright © 1979 Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) showcases the use of dynamic flares. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, two characters are proceeding with maintenance and repair of a space ship. Flickering lens flares depict the atmosphere of an engine room...
Topic: flare
movies are made
movies
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This 69 second excerpt from the film The Name of the Rose (J.-J. Annaud, 1986, copyright © 1986 Neue Constantin Film Produktion GmbH) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zooming out can help the audience disconnect from characters leaving the scene by letting them go away even more quickly. Such...
Topics: scale-down, zoom out
This is an educational video "Jupiter-The Largest Planet", produced by the JPL and NASA. Uploaded for an introductory course on Astronomy. ASTR110 section 01, Ancilla College, Donaldson Indiana. Published under the Creative Commons License and in the Public Domain.
Topics: astr110, astronomy, aurora, garthus, JPL, NASA
movies are made
movies
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This 10 second excerpt from the film JFK (O. Stone, 1991, copyright © 1991 Warner Bros Inc., Regency Enterprises V.O.F. & Le Studio Canal+) demonstrates the effect of alternating zoom-ins and zoom-outs as a storytelling techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Combinations of whip zoom-ins and whip zoom-outs can give a newsreel or...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, zoom in, zoom out
movies are made
movies
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This 109 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Hawk Films/Warner Bros Inc.) demonstrates the effect of alternating zoom-ins and zoom-outs as a storytelling techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Zooming in and out can even design whole scenes, as in the following excerpt, when Hallorann has a fit of...
Topics: scale-up, scale-down, zoom in, zoom out
This 10 second excerpt from the film Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1993, Copyright © 1993 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) showcases the use of image contrast to raise tension in a shot. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the camera moves around the cold storage room to show a...
Topics: image contrast, camera move, tension