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Critical thinkers must be critical about critical thinking itself, and because there is a close conceptual connection between critical thinking and rationality, the demand for justification for a commitment to critical thinking is tantamount to a demand for reasons that justify a commitment to rationality. Several authors have argued that the demand for justification of rationality is a bogus demand because there is an unremovable circularity in offering reasons for being rational. Among the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Elementary...
A critical reader "does more than simply soak up bits and pieces of information." He applies a personal reserve of knowledge and experience to a text to ascribe possible meanings. In other words, he interprets. In addition, he compares his own values and beliefs with those suggested to him by a text and defends them, if necessary. In other words, he argues. Moreover, he often organizes his personal response by classifying or comparing possible meanings and then generalizes about...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Reading, Critical Thinking, Higher Education, Literary Criticism,...
This paper posits that metaphor, in addition to embellishing language, promotes a comprehensive understanding of complex concepts and phenomena and provides teachers with a powerful way to talk about their work. The main body of this document, which includes an extensive review of the literature, considers the use of metaphors for mentoring in the preparation of mentors and in research on mentoring. Interviews and surveys were conducted with experienced teacher mentors (N=137) who were asked to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affective Behavior, Concept Formation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher...