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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Texts from Individual Collections digitized by Egangotri, Shri Virendra Qazi Collection
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Indological Books related to Sanskrit Learning ( संस्कृत )
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Sharada Manuscripts and Other Dharma Books in KECSS Reference Library Pamposh Enclave New Delhi
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Collection at Kashmir Research Institute, Srinagar
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Sharada-Devanagari Collection of Sunil Raina Rajanak from Jammu
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This report examines various topics and issues related to worldwide energy productivity and energy conservation. Following an introduction, these issues are considered in 6 sections focusing on: (1) energy demand projections (with data on 1982 energy consumption in selected countries); (2) continued industrial efficiency gains (including data on energy use in steel manufacturing and electrical energy use in aluminum smelting in major producing countries, ranked by efficiency); (3) the saving of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Progress, Energy, Energy Conservation, Futures (of Society), Manufacturing...
This publication discusses worldwide problems and issues of concern. There are two major parts. Part I deals with "Converging Demands." For those who regularly read the Worldwatch Papers, much of the material in this section will be familiar. The material is included here particularly for the sake of those readers abroad who do not have ready access to the Institute's publications. Discussed are erosion, biological systems under pressure, oil, food, and emerging economic and social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Energy, Food, Futures (of Society), Global Approach, Life...
Today's industrial economies were founded on the use of vast quantities of materials and energy, and the economic health of nations has often been equated with the amount they consumed. The amount of materials that originally enters an economy tells nothing about the material's eventual fate or its contribution to human well-being. It tells a good deal, however, about the damage the economy inflicts upon the environment. The devastation wrought by economic production is closely related to the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Ecology, Energy, Environmental Education, Environmental...
This report focuses on topics and issues related to the global use of tobacco. It consists of an introduction and six major sections. These sections deal with: (1) the epidemic rate at which smoking is spreading, indicating that the global rate has grown nearly 75 percent over the past two decades and is growing at 2.1 percent per year, faster than world population growth; (2) health factors, indicating that lung cancer is predominantly a disease of smoking and showing the international...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Cancer, Death, Drug Abuse, Drug Use, Foreign Countries,...
This report is a sequel to the 2005 "Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources." This new report provides updated information and new insights into information consumers and their online habits, preferences, and perceptions. Particular attention was paid to how the current economic downturn has affected the information-seeking behaviors and how those changes are reflected in the use and perception of libraries. This report explores: (1) Technological and economic shifts since...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Level, Library Development, Academic Libraries, Economic Climate,...
Although progress has been made in combatting the most visible and easily controlled forms of pollution (exhaust, industrial waste, sewage, etc.), other pollutants have been largely ignored. Pollutants which are uncontrolled and which are increasingly recognized as dangerous include carbon dioxide, toxic substances such as dioxin, mirex, lindane, mercuric oxide, lead and mercury, and nuclear wastes. Reasons for lack of success in removing these and other pollutants include the following: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Conservation (Environment), Data Analysis, Developed Nations, Ecology,...
The interrelationship of population growth, food production, and death rates is explored. Birth rates in China, Western Europe, and North America have significantly decreased in the five-year period from 1970-75. This is largely due to widening availability of family planning services and the growing desire to use them. Four European countries have reached stability in population growth: East and West Germany, Austria, and Luxembourg. Reasons for this stability include high levels of income,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Birth Rate, Climate, Contraception, Death, Demography, Developing...
After 20 years, the "green revolution" is generally referred to as a milestone in the international agricultural movement. The introduction of new varieties of wheat and rice, along with fertilizers, pesticides, and mechanized farm equipment has produced a dramatic increase in world food production. This paper assesses the successes of the green revolution in light of its effect upon third world countries. It cautions that the revolutionary gains in agricultural production have not...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Appropriate Technology,...
This publication proposes a timetable for converting the world economy to solar energy. The contents include: (1) A solar-powered world by 2025; (2) Heating and cooling; (3) Renewable fuels; (4) Electricity; (5) Getting there from here; and (6) Notes. Numerous facts are presented within these sections. International solar research programs are reviewed briefly for Sweden, Japan, Denmark, Britain, Australia, Brazil, and China. A global energy policy is recommended. (MA)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Ecological Factors, Economics, Energy, Environmental...
Possible future roles and designs of cars are examined in light of depletion of the earth's oil reserves. A major problem with regard to the rapidly changing world oil outlook is that cars will be competing with more essential claiments for scarce oil supplies including food production, industrial power, home heating, and running trucks and busses. Developing nations, which are particularly dependent upon the automobile, are likely to experience the most profound economic impact. Estimates of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing...
This Final Report prepared by the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives offers an account of President George W. Bush's Faith-Based and Community Initiative (FBCI) to the faith-based and other community organizations (FBCOs) that have joined in the battles against poverty, disease, and other social ills. The report emphasizes measurable results achieved for millions in need across America and around the world through government partnerships with FBCOs, and looks at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Leaders, Altruism, Nonprofit Organizations, Community Organizations,...
This paper, an adaption from the author's forthcoming book "The Twenty-Ninth Day: Accomodating Human Needs and Numbers to the Earth's Resources," deals with non-military threats to national security. Since World War II the concept of national security has acquired an overwhelmingly military character. The policy of continual preparedness has led to the militarization of the world economy, with military expenditures now accounting for six percent of the global product. Most countries...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biological Influences, Climate, Disarmament, Environmental Influences, Food, National...
Electricity, which has largely supplanted oil as the most controversial energy issue of the 1980s, is at the center of some of the world's bitterest economic and environmental controversies. Soaring costs, high interest rates, and environmental damage caused by large power plants have wreaked havoc on the once booming electricity industry. Although policymakers around the world disagree vigorously about future trends and appropriate policies, virtually all acknowledge that a turning point has...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Coal, Costs, Developing Nations, Electricity, Energy,...
A combination of revitalized employment policies, greater industrial democracy, and new ways of distributing both the hours of work and the fruits of technological change are essential if the benefits of the microelectronic revolution are to be equitably shared. Microelectronic technology promises an array of benefits, and the electronic age is already well under way. As it progresses during the last two decades of the twentieth century, it will lead to improvements in productivity in factories...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Automation, Economics, Electronics Industry, Employment Opportunities, Futures (of...
The lessons presented in this book will: (1) Help students better understand their own culture and how it has shaped them; (2) Help students begin to understand the perspectives of other cultures, leading to increased respect for those who are different from them--in the classroom and worldwide; and (3) Provide an increased awareness of the value and practicality of social service within and beyond the bounds of schools. This book is designed for easy adaptation by teachers in grades 6 through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Guides, Teaching Methods, Lesson Plans, Volunteers, Service...
A new movement in American higher education aims to transform the teaching of civics. This report is a study of what that movement is, where it came from, and why Americans should be concerned. What we call the "New Civics" redefines civics as progressive political activism. Rooted in the radical program of the 1960s' New Left, the New Civics presents itself as an up-to-date version of volunteerism and good works. Though camouflaged with soft rhetoric, the New Civics, properly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Universities, Civics, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, College Programs, Case...
This document, which examines various topics and issues related to the management of freshwater supplies, is organized into 6 main sections. These sections include: (1) the water cycle and renewable supplies, providing data on distribution of such supplies by continent and average annual per capita runoff produced in selected countries with projections for the year 2000; (2) competing uses for water, providing data on world water use (total and per capita) for 1940-80, growth in irrigated areas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Conservation (Environment), Developing Nations, Foreign Countries,...
The booklet maintains that the key to meeting basic human needs is the participation of individuals and communities in local problem solving. Some of the most important achievements in providing food, upgrading housing, improving human health, and tapping new energy sources, comes through local self-help projects. Proponents of local efforts at world problem solving point out that national and international efforts are too highly centralized to encourage direct action by those who are most...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizen Participation, Community Action, Cooperation, Developed Nations, Developing...
Employment potential in developed and developing nations is analyzed from an economic viewpoint. Estimates by the International Labor Office are that the global labor force will grow by about 900 million people from 1980 to 2000. It is projected that these 900 million people will join the current labor force including approximately 50 million unemployed and about 300 million underemployed. Accurate measures of employment are difficult because different countries count employment in different...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Economic Factors,...
Concerns associated with biological diversity and the extinction of species are addressed in this report. Major topic areas examined include: (1) historical records of extinctions; (2) conservation biology and tropical ecology; (3) human-management regeneration potentials; (4) restoration ecology; (5) experimental restoration efforts; (6) governmental programs and policies; (7) global environmental priorities; and (8) the need for environmental sustainability. Bibliographic notes are also...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biodiversity, Biology, Conservation (Environment), Ecology, Endangered Species,...
Approximately 20 million workers are presently living in countries other than their homelands in order to find better job opportunities. This labor migration is determined mainly by an income gap between the sending and receiving countries. Less important determinants are historical ties, cultural or linguistic affinity, and proximity. Emigrants include highly educated professionals such as doctors and engineers, and unskilled laborers who can assume low-paying jobs in agriculture and industry,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors,...
Existing demographic analyses do not explain the negative relationship between population growth and life-support systems that are now emerging in scores of developing countries. The demographic transition, a theory first outlined by demographer Frank Notestein in 1945, classified all societies into one of three stages. Drawing heavily on the European experience, it has provided the conceptual framework for a generation of demographic research. During the first stage of the demographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Cross Cultural Studies, Demography, Developing Nations, Foreign...
Global inflation should be viewed more as a sympton of social problems than as an economic disease that can be cured by monetary and fiscal policy. Social problems signaled by inflation include exploding demand, rising costs for essential commodities, stagnating productivity, and a decline in the real standard of living. Inflation is interpreted as an increase in the overall level of nominal prices in the whole economy. It is significant to note, however, that crucial determinants of well being...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Cost Estimates, Costs, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing...
This curriculum unit was prepared for senior high classroom use to teach geography, history, and environmental issues. The objective of the lesson is to illustrate the historical man/river relationship between Egypt and the Nile River, and the impact of the Aswan dam on the agricultural and economic needs of the country today. The lesson requires three or four classroom periods, and includes maps, charts, vocabulary list, and discussion topics. (NL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Developing Nations, Ecology, Environmental Education, Foreign...
Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the fifth year of the Peace Corps. An introduction overviews past and future activities of the Peace Corps and its volunteers. Section 2 reviews the year 1966 and covers these topics: the new director, Jack Vaughn; countries in which new programs were begun; the Cornell/Peru Report on Peace Corps impact; Peace Corps training; long-range planning; and recruiting. A case study of the Peace Corps program in Niger is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Annual Reports, Community Development, Cooperative Programs,...
In this essay, Paul Vallas--education reform expert and key advisor to the government of Haiti in developing its national education plan--discusses his plan for Haiti. The paper explores the successes and challenges of education reform in Haiti, before and after the earthquake that devastated the nation in 2010. The essay describes the improvements made in other parts of the world distraught by natural disasters. Vallas explores how lessons learned could be adapted and emulated in a country...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Natural Disasters, Foreign Countries, Emergency Programs, Educational Planning,...
This report focuses on the necessity and advantages of recycling. Following an introduction, the report is divided into five sections, addressing respectively: the necessity of recycling; waste paper recycling; aluminum recycling; iron and steel recycling; and three steps to a "recycling society." These steps include: (1) requiring that consumers pay full costs of materials they use and requiring efforts to reduce energy price subsidies; (2) building world markets for scrap paper,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Fuels, Matter, Metals, Paper (Material),...
This report emphasizes the need for action in improving human nutrition, health and the status of women in Third World countries. Special attention is directed to improvement in child health care practices. The report advocates a strategy that meshes short term needs of desperate families with long term requirements of ecological stability and economic development. A strategy of integrated development to meet basic needs in the Third World demands not just techniques that prevent death but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Developing Nations, Disease Control, Family Health, Family Planning,...
The current use and potential of technology for achieving security and peace are explored. Section 1 traces the use of technology for warfare through the mastery of ocean-going sailing, the maturation of the airplane, and the development of nuclear weapons. This section suggests that these developments have led to a loss rather than an increase in security. Section 2 discusses the "transparency revolution," which refers to the military reconnaissance, sensing, command, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Global Approach, Modern History, Nuclear Warfare, Peace, Political Issues, Security...
The paper explores the relationship of women's childbearing attitudes to educational and work opportunities. Program administrators for family planning, educational programs, and national development efforts in developing countries must realize the importance of the social and cultural environment in designing programs to reduce population growth. Section one discusses the impact of education on women's attitudes toward childbearing. Schooling exposes women to new kinds of information, can...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Attitude Change, Birth Rate, Community Role, Comparative Education,...
The environmental impact of air pollution on the earth can be described as grave. Air pollution, particularly acid rain, is devastating forests, crops, and lakes over wide areas of North America and Europe. In many cities, ancient buildings have eroded more in recent decades than they had over the previous thousand years. Indications are that Third World countries are starting to experience damage as well. This document discusses the state of the earth in relation to the air pollution problem....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Conservation (Environment), Environmental Education, Environmental...
Recent studies have shown wind power to be an eminently practical and potentially substantial source of electricity and direct mechanical power. Wind machines range from simple water-pumping devices made of wood and cloth to large electricity producing turbines with fiberglass blades nearly 300 feet long. Wind is in effect a form of solar energy--approximately two percent of the sunlight that falls on the earth's surface is converted to the kinetic energy of wind through a system in which warm...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Energy, Power Technology, Solar Radiation,...
The post-World War II era is commonly described as the age of oil. Petroleum has fueled the industrialization process and has helped to raise living standards around the globe. At the same time, the current era has been referred to as the age of efficiency. Since 1973, it is estimated that the world saved far more energy through improved efficiency than it has gained from all new energy sources. This document deals with some of the possibilities for energy efficiency, particularly as it relates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources,...
There are many forces of environmental and economic decline that endanger our communities and planet. These have caused a global threat which is very complex. The pressure to feed increasing numbers of people helps cause high rates of topsoil loss which results in decreased agricultural productivity. As poorer nations attempt to fight these problems, millions of their children die of preventable diseases. On the other hand, rising industrialization has caused acid rain and air pollution,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developing Nations, Economically Disadvantaged, Environmental Influences, Global...
Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the tenth year of the Peace Corps. An overview focuses on Peace Corps success in providing technical assistance to aid development plans for the seventies and in responding to local needs as well as on its failures. The next section considers the Peace Corps response to the New Directions policies, including providing volunteers who are specialists with demand skills; recruiting families; improving recruitment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Annual Reports, Community Development, Cooperative Programs,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The workbook for Ilokano was designed for language training of Peace Corps volunteers in the Philippines. It consists of: a list of commonly-used phrases for greetings, leavetaking, shopping, asking for directions, managing a conversation, and introducing oneself; a more extensive vocabulary/phrase book of words and expressions used in everyday communication, organized by situation and accompanied by English translations; a list of core competencies at three skill levels (beginning,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Communicative Competence (Languages), Competency Based...
The report identifies regions in which deserts and arid zones are increasing; discusses social and climatic causes of deserts; and suggests ways to cope with and reverse problems of famine, malnutrition, and drought. Increasingly, land is being sapped of its ability to sustain agriculture and human habitation north and south of the Sahara, in Iraq, India, the Argentine, Chile, Australia, and the southwestern United States. This is due to overgrazing, soil erosion caused by improper cultivation,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Climate, Depleted Resources, Developing...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This guide is designed for Tagalog language training of Peace Corps workers in the Philippines, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of: a quick reference to common expressions and phrases; a series of topical vocabulary and phrase lists; targeted core language competencies, at three proficiency levels; a Tagalog-to-English glossary; a workbook containing drill, completion, matching, identification, and sentence construction exercises; and extensive grammar notes....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Classroom Communication, Community Services, Competency Based...
This manual, developed for training Peace Corps volunteers for service in developing countries, explains the process of agricultural extension and provides practical guidance on carrying out an agricultural extension program. The manual is organized into six chapters. The first chapter explains what agricultural extension is and how it is used in the Peace Corps. The second and third chapters concentrate on background information for beginning and carrying out an agricultural extension program....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Skills, Case Studies, Cooperatives, Developing...
The world economic situation is beset by growing worker dissatisfaction, slowing economic growth, and rising energy and resource costs. A partial solution to these problems may be worker participation in management and ownership. As production has become more dehumanized and workers have become increasingly dissatisfied and alienated, the quality of their work has suffered. To offset this malaise, various experiments have been conducted to improve the quality of work life and to give workers a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Cooperatives, Decision Making, Economic Climate, Economic Research,...
In attempts to forestall problems inherent in too-rapid urbanization, China has instituted a migration policy designed to strictly control changes in permanent residence from rural areas or small urban places to larger cities and to encourage the development of small cities and towns. The policy is enforced through the household registration system, whereby each person has an official place of residence and must obtain official permission to change locations. Within these controls, considerable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Size, Human Geography, Migration, Migration Patterns, Overpopulation,...
Analysts of U.S.-Soviet balance of power usually focus on relative military strength. But other factors determine a country's overall power and influence. Among the most basic is a country's capacity to feed its people. By this measure the Soviet Union appears to be in deep trouble. Massive spending has increased Soviet military strength in recent years, but the country has become weaker agriculturally. While the two superpowers now appear roughly equal in military strength, the advantage in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Economic Factors, Exports,...
The paper explores how continuously expanding world demand for food, feed, and fuel is generating pressure to restructure agricultural land use. In addition, problems related to transfer of agricultural crop land to energy crops are discussed. The technology of energy crops has developed to the point where large-scale commercial production of alcohol from high-yielding energy crops appears to be favorable. As gasoline prices reach $2.00 per gallon, gasahol becomes not only feasible but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Food,...
Because of the vital elements of economic life that national accounts often leave out, great skepticism should be attached to the use of GNP as a measure of country's well-being. National accounts in both developed and developing nations consistently overlook and undervalue work done by women, whether in the subsistence sector, the informal labor market, or the household. As a result, many hardworking women are classified as "not economically active." During the past three decades...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Feminism,...
Locating the issue of abortion in a global public policy context, with the array of public health, human rights, and social questions that are implicated, is the aim of this paper. Abortion laws around the world have been liberalized since the 1950s, with a resultant decrease in abortion-related mortality among women. The proportion of the world's population, governed by laws that permit abortion on medical or broader social and economic grounds, is 75 percent (nearly 4 billion people). In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abortions, Current Events, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Global Approach,...