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The post-World War II era is commonly described as the age of oil. Petroleum has fueled the industrialization process and has helped to raise living standards around the globe. At the same time, the current era has been referred to as the age of efficiency. Since 1973, it is estimated that the world saved far more energy through improved efficiency than it has gained from all new energy sources. This document deals with some of the possibilities for energy efficiency, particularly as it relates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The workbook for Ilokano was designed for language training of Peace Corps volunteers in the Philippines. It consists of: a list of commonly-used phrases for greetings, leavetaking, shopping, asking for directions, managing a conversation, and introducing oneself; a more extensive vocabulary/phrase book of words and expressions used in everyday communication, organized by situation and accompanied by English translations; a list of core competencies at three skill levels (beginning,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Communicative Competence (Languages), Competency Based...
The world economic situation is beset by growing worker dissatisfaction, slowing economic growth, and rising energy and resource costs. A partial solution to these problems may be worker participation in management and ownership. As production has become more dehumanized and workers have become increasingly dissatisfied and alienated, the quality of their work has suffered. To offset this malaise, various experiments have been conducted to improve the quality of work life and to give workers a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Cooperatives, Decision Making, Economic Climate, Economic Research,...
In attempts to forestall problems inherent in too-rapid urbanization, China has instituted a migration policy designed to strictly control changes in permanent residence from rural areas or small urban places to larger cities and to encourage the development of small cities and towns. The policy is enforced through the household registration system, whereby each person has an official place of residence and must obtain official permission to change locations. Within these controls, considerable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Size, Human Geography, Migration, Migration Patterns, Overpopulation,...
Analysts of U.S.-Soviet balance of power usually focus on relative military strength. But other factors determine a country's overall power and influence. Among the most basic is a country's capacity to feed its people. By this measure the Soviet Union appears to be in deep trouble. Massive spending has increased Soviet military strength in recent years, but the country has become weaker agriculturally. While the two superpowers now appear roughly equal in military strength, the advantage in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Economic Factors, Exports,...
The author provides a global review of family planning techniques and their impact on national birth rates. Sterilization, the pill, and intrauterine devices are the most popular methods of contraception worldwide. Abortion, where it is legal, is also extremely popular. In countries such as the United States where population control is not an urgent concern, there is a need to educate young people about contraception, make devices readily available, and eliminate the social stigma that birth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Birth Rate, Community Role, Contraception, Developing Nations,...
The paper explores how continuously expanding world demand for food, feed, and fuel is generating pressure to restructure agricultural land use. In addition, problems related to transfer of agricultural crop land to energy crops are discussed. The technology of energy crops has developed to the point where large-scale commercial production of alcohol from high-yielding energy crops appears to be favorable. As gasoline prices reach $2.00 per gallon, gasahol becomes not only feasible but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Food,...
This publication discusses world problems related to poverty and possible ways to escape those problems. Sections include: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "And the Poor Get Poorer" (reporting data on income distribution in many countries); (3) "The Global Poverty Trap" (describing various hindrances to improving conditions at the local, national, and global levels); (4) "Poverty and the Environment" (including cases of ecological deterioration in many poor...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Developing Nations, Economic Factors, Environment,...
This publication contains the results of the conference "South-South Policy Dialogue on Quality Education for Adults and Young People" that took place in Mexico City in 2005. Articles were written by participants who presented their national programmes from the governmental perspective, which were reflected in the literacy policies, but there were also important contributions on basic education and competence recognition. Accent was put on the experiences of four countries that were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Quality, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Learning, Foreign...
Locating the issue of abortion in a global public policy context, with the array of public health, human rights, and social questions that are implicated, is the aim of this paper. Abortion laws around the world have been liberalized since the 1950s, with a resultant decrease in abortion-related mortality among women. The proportion of the world's population, governed by laws that permit abortion on medical or broader social and economic grounds, is 75 percent (nearly 4 billion people). In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abortions, Current Events, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Global Approach,...
The infusion of technology into society has created social and environmental problems as well as benefits. Four concerns linked with technology are discussed in this paper: rising unemployment, growing social inequalities, dwindling oil and gas reserves, and potential long-term ecological problems. Indiscriminate transfer of modern labor-saving technology from industrial nations to developing nations uses up capital and energy resources, and overlooks the need for great numbers of people to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Ecological Factors,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This guide is designed for Tagalog language training of Peace Corps workers in the Philippines, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of: a quick reference to common expressions and phrases; a series of topical vocabulary and phrase lists; targeted core language competencies, at three proficiency levels; a Tagalog-to-English glossary; a workbook containing drill, completion, matching, identification, and sentence construction exercises; and extensive grammar notes....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Classroom Communication, Community Services, Competency Based...
Focusing on the need for energy to sustain economic development on a long-term basis, the document examines energy options of the post-petroleum era in developing nations. Nuclear power and solar power are the most important among proposed alternative energy sources. Limited applicability of nuclear technology to the Third World is discussed. Problems include the need of most developing nations to seek foreign fuel to power nuclear plants, the difficulty of designing nuclear facilities that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Climate, Depleted Resources, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Employment,...
Because of the vital elements of economic life that national accounts often leave out, great skepticism should be attached to the use of GNP as a measure of country's well-being. National accounts in both developed and developing nations consistently overlook and undervalue work done by women, whether in the subsistence sector, the informal labor market, or the household. As a result, many hardworking women are classified as "not economically active." During the past three decades...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Feminism,...
This manual, developed for training Peace Corps volunteers for service in developing countries, explains the process of agricultural extension and provides practical guidance on carrying out an agricultural extension program. The manual is organized into six chapters. The first chapter explains what agricultural extension is and how it is used in the Peace Corps. The second and third chapters concentrate on background information for beginning and carrying out an agricultural extension program....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Skills, Case Studies, Cooperatives, Developing...
A directory of the 82 African languages given high priority for instruction in the United States contains a profile for each language that includes its classification and where it is spoken, the number of speakers, dialect situation, usage, orthography status, and listings of related human and institutional resources for the purpose of systematizing instruction. The languages profiled are: Akan, Amharic, Anyi/Baule, Arabic, Bamileke, Bemba, Berber, Chewa/Nyanja, Chokwe/Lunda, Dinka (Agar/Bor/...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Afro Asiatic Languages, Dialects, Educational Policy, Information...
This paper examines how the exploration of space has affected life on earth. Examined are milestones in space, war or peace in space, learning about earth from space, the satellite communications revolution, space industrialization, and the ownership of space. The real beginning of the Space Age was the October 1957 Soviet launch of a 184-pound satellite into orbit. The United States put an object into orbit in January 1958. The Soviet Union has taken an important lead in internationalizing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Astronomy, Communications Satellites, Earth Science, Industrialization, Peace, Space...
The morphological function of tone/accent is examined in a number of Cushitic languages, with the objective of determining whether any comparative statement can be made validly at the group level. Three languages, the Somali dialect cluster, Afar, and Oromo, are the basis for the study. Patterns in case, gender, and the jussive form are analyzed. It is concluded that tone/accent does play an important role in the morphology of these languages, and that it is to some extent possible to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Case (Grammar), Foreign Countries, Language Patterns, Language...
Twenty-two facets of the world population problem are explored. The topics are economic, social, ecological, and political in nature and generally portray the stresses and strains associated with continued population growth in a world inhabited by four billion people. These aspects of the population problem are discussed: literacy, oceanic fisheries, natural recreation areas, pollution, inflation, environmental illnesses, hunger, housing, climate change, overgrazing, crowding, income,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Demography, Developing Nations, Economically Disadvantaged, Energy Conservation,...
Worldwide economic productivity is examined in this paper. There are seven major sections. Section 1 is an introduction which discusses how as the seventies came to a close without producing a strong and sustained recovery from global economic recession, the spotlight of public concern focused on the problem of productivity. Trends which have affected productivity are discussed and ways of measuring productivity are examined. Section 2 discusses why productivity is important. Higher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors, Economics, Futures (of...
This book traces centuries of human use and abuse of forest ecosystems by discussing past decades of intense burning, grazing, and timber cutting that added to the natural acidification of the soil. Air pollutants and acids generated by industrial activities worldwide are also considered. Many forests in Europe and North America now receive as much as 30 times more acidity than they would if rain or snow were falling through a pristine atmosphere; ozone levels in many rural areas of Europe and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Ecology, Environmental Education, Environmental Influences, Forestry,...
This competency-based curriculum in foreign language learning for Peace Corps volunteers is designed for beginning learners and stresses listening and speaking skills. The curriculum contains the following components: an initial Scope and Sequence chart; three sections on activities (General, Grammar, and Listening), 14 topic area units (the core of the curriculum), and a "Sample Format for the Language Curriculum" showing a possible format for students learning English in order to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Classroom Techniques, Competency Based Education, Cultural Literacy,...
The nature, scope, and problems of electrical programs are examined in this report on developing nations. Electric power is recognized as a crucial component of the economy in most Third World countries with the potential to affect some of the most basic issues facing these countries today. Topic areas covered include: (1) electric power development (examining selected countries growth, use, and generating capacity of electricity); (2) electricity efficiency (reviewing policies, programs, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Electricity, Energy Education, Energy...
The processes and associated dilemmas of nuclear power plant decommissioning are reviewed in this publication. Decommissioning involves the clearing up and disposal of a retired nuclear plant and its equipment of such a way as to safeguard the public from the dangers of radioactivity. Related problem areas are identified and include: (1) closure methods (discussing the options of decontamination and dismantlement, storage, and reaction of a permenent tomb); (2) high-level waste management...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Energy Management, Environmental Education, Environmental...
Although soil erosion is a natural process, it has increased to the point where it far exceeds the natural formation of new soil. However, with only occasional exceptions, national agricultural and population policies have failed to take soil depletion into account. Projections of world food production always incorporate estimates of future cropland area, but what has been lacking has been an effort to project changes in inherent productivity of the projected cropland area. To help remedy this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Developing Nations, Economics, Foreign Countries, Government...
This publication is the sixth in a series of papers on global environmental issues. This paper evaluates the future of nuclear power, subjecting it to several tests: (1) economics; (2) safety; (3) adequacy of fuel supplies; (4) environmental impact; and (5) both national and international security. Section headings include: (1) The nuclear fuel cycle; (2) Nuclear economics; (3) Uranium supplies; (4) Safety; (5) Environmental impact; (6) Energy independence; (7) Nuclear terrorism; and (8)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Energy Conservation, Environmental Education, Environmental Influences,...
This monograph explores how architecture is influenced by and is responding to the global energy dilemma. Emphasis is placed on conservation techniques (using heavy insulation) and on passive solar construction (supplying most of a building's heating, cooling, and lighting requirements by sunlight). The basic problem is that architecture, like transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture, is heavily dependent on fossil fuels. It is estimated that approximately one-quarter of the world's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Architecture, Building Design, Climate, Conservation Education, Energy, Energy...
The numerous and widespread problems associated with the automobile are discussed. Traffic congestion, air pollution, and oil dependence are some of the reasons why the use of alternative fuels is necessary. A proposal is made for a new transport environment where walking, bicycling, and public transportation are used to complement the use of the automobile. Gradual restructuring of cities and suburbs to make alternatives viable and to lessen the need for driving is also discussed. Chapters...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources, Energy...
This paper highlights some of the themes that any successful strategy to reverse the decline of Africa must embrace. Africa is a continent experiencing a breakdown in the relationship between people and their natural support systems. Famine and the threat of famine are among the manifestations of this breakdown. This decline can be reversed. To do so will require an abrupt departure from the "business as usual" approach that African governments and the international community have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Conservation (Environment), Ecological Factors, Economic Factors,...
The purpose of this text is to introduce the Oromo language, spoken in parts of Ethiopia and Kenya, to Peace Corps volunteers. The Oromo language (also referred to as Galla) used in the text is based on the standard language spoken in the western and southwestern provinces of Wollega, Illubabor, and Kaffa. However, with dialectal differences taken into account, these materials can be used to teach the Oromo language in any area. The materials have been presented in such a way that the teacher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Dialogs (Language), Grammar, Listening Comprehension,...
This collection of papers comprises proceedings from the 5th English in South East Asia Conference, held in December 2000 at Curtin University of Technology in Perth. The 19 papers include the following: (1) "Global English and Local Language Policies" (Robert Phillipson); (2) "Hong Kong Parents' Preference for English-Medium Education: Passive Victims of Imperialism or Active Agents of Pragmatism?" (David Li); (3) "Implications of the Recommendation that English Become...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cantonese, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education,...
The purpose of these modules is to provide an introduction to the world of probability and statistics to accelerated mathematics students at the high school level. The materials are centered on the fictional town of Happy Shores, a coastal community which is at risk for hurricanes. Actuaries at an insurance company figure out the risks and possible losses associated with hurricanes and tropical storms in Happy Shores. Students use historical data to create models about possible damages if...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematical Concepts, Probability, Statistics, Learning Modules, Insurance, High...
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Topic: China -- Description and travel
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Topic: Tibet (China) -- Description and travel
Books to Borrow
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Reprint. Originally published: Secker & Warburg, 1956
Topics: Moshulu (Ship), Seafaring life
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Includes index of photographs
Topics: Photography, Photography
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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This issue of "Exploring," is devoted primarily to examination of alphabets and the languages they represent. Major articles include: "Shrinking the Alphabet" (Pat Murphy), a comparison of alphabet composition for different languages; "The Puzzle of Linear B" (Paul Doherty), a history of archaeologists' deciphering of an early form of written language; "Letters Take Shape" (Judith Brand), a comparison of letter forms and print through history and across...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alphabets, Archaeology, Contrastive Linguistics, Diachronic Linguistics, English,...
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Topics: Medical ethics, Medical personnel, Malpractice, Physicians
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by Bryant, Eric Thomas
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Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Railroads
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by Downton, Eric, 1917-
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Includes index
Topics: Downton, Eric, 1917-, Downton, Eric, 1917-, War, Espionage, War correspondents, Guerre, Espionnage,...
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 161-177) and index
Topics: Ethics, Religious aspects, Community, Applied Christian Ethics, Religion - Christian Life,...
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Topics: Lerner, Eric, Buddhists, Meditation
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Originally published in the U.S. under the title A short walk: a preposterous adventure by Doubleday, 1959
Topics: TRV, TRV010000, Essays & Travelogues, Travel
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by Bruton, Eric
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Topic: Clocks and watches
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Bibliography: p. 205-206
Topics: Mountaineering, Alpinisme
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
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Karstology, Karsts, Caves and Springs, Elements of Fundamental and Applied Karstology by Eric Gilli
Topics: karst, water, caves, springs, limestone, cave, ean, aquifer, figure, karstic, karst aquifers, water...
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Topics: Newby, Eric, Voyages and travels
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by Oey, Eric
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Cover title: Sumatra, island of adventure
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Topics: Newby, Eric, Authors, English
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Originally published: London : Collins, 1985
Topics: Voyages and travels, Travel - Personal observations - Collections
Community Texts
by Nilantha Ilangamuwa, Eric Bailey, Lauren Glenmere
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SRI LANKA : WHAT WENT WRONG? Torture is a crime. And, this criminal activity, in all its cruel, inhuman, and degrading reality has been increasing in Sri Lanka. This is so, even after the end of the civil war between the State and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). There is evidence that various forms of torture existed in the history of the island nation. During the long periods of ‘Royal Absolute’, torture was a tactic used by the authorities to impose and maintain order.  In...
Topics: torture, humanrights, ruleoflaw, ahrc, rct, dignity, Asia, India, SriLanka, Pakistan, ruleoflaw
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by Maraini, Fosco; Mosbacher, Eric, 1903-
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Maps on lining papers
Topics: Zen Buddism, Taoism, Architecture, Japan
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"A Thomas Dunne book."
Topics: Coronary heart disease, Cholesterol
Bureau of Land Management Library
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"2015"--cover
Topics: Chinese Americans, Gold mines and mining, Chinese Americans, Gold mines and mining
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by Wolf, Eric R., 1923-
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"Selected references": p. 110-113
Topic: Peasantry
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Includes bibliographical references and index
Topics: Cultural studies, Travel writing, Travel - Foreign, Travel, Mediterranean Sea, North Africa,...
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Topics: Newby, Eric -- Travel., Newby, Eric -- Travel -- Pictorial works., Voyages and travels., Voyages...
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Topic: Newby, Eric
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by Weil, Eric
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Includes bibliographical references
Topics: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831, State, The
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by Newby, Eric
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Published also under title: A short walk; a preposterous adventure
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by Newby, Eric
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Bibliography: p. [255]-258
Topics: Newby, Eric, Velikai͡a Sibirskai͡a magistralʹ
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by Koomen, Eric; Borsboom van Beurden, J. A. M. (Judith A. M.); SpringerLink (Online service)
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This book provides an overview of recent developments and applications of the Land Use Scanner model. Internationally recognized as among the best of its kind, this versatile model can be applied at a national level for trend extrapolation, scenario studies and optimization, yet can also be employed in a smaller-scale regional context. Alongside these practical examples from the Netherlands, readers will find discussion of more theoretical aspects of land-use models as well as an assessment of...
Topics: Land use, public policy, Social sciences, Computer simulation, Regional planning, Environmental...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, John Eric Sidney, Sir, 1898-1975; Laufer, Berthold, 1874-1934. editor
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 196-203) and indexes
Topics: Ethnology -- Belize, Maya language, Indians of Central America -- Religion and mythology, Mayas
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by Foner, Eric, 1943-
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Includes bibliographical references
Topics: Liberty, Civil rights, Democracy, Politics and government, Social conditions, Liberty, Politics and...
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by Eric Sven Ristad
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Topics: Natural language processing (Computer science), Computational complexity.
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by Foner, Eric, 1943-
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Includes bibliographical references
Topics: Liberty, Civil rights, Democracy, Politics and government, Social conditions, Liberty, Politics and...
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Bibliography: p. 511-512
Topic: World War, 1939-1945
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by Gene Eric Salecker
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Topics: Sultana (Steamboat), Steamboat disasters -- Mississippi River -- History -- 19th century., United...
Library of the Marine Corps
by Talbot-Booth, E. C. (Eric Charles)
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Cover-title and running title: Ships and the sea
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Ships, Steamboat lines, Merchant marine
Includes index
Topics: Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882, Simons, Eric, Natural history
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by Eric Hobsbawm
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Topics: Industrial revolution., Europe -- History -- 1789-1900.
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Topic: History, Modern -- 19th century.
Universal Library
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by Chaline, Eric
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Topics: Travel, Philosophy, Religion - World Religions, Zen Buddhism, Buddhism - Zen, Essays &...
Includes bibliographical references and index
Topics: Hymenoptera, Bees, Wasps, Ants