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Folkscanomy: A Library of Books

Folksonomy: A system of classification derived from the practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content; this practice is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, social indexing, and social tagging. Coined by Thomas Vander Wal, it is a portmanteau of folk and taxonomy.

Folkscanomy: A collection of books and text derived from the efforts of volunteers to make information as widely available as possible. Because the metadata related to these scanned books are often done outside the library or cataloging industries, finding material can be more difficult. The Folkscanomy collection attempts to add a layer of classification for easier navigation.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain; Md Faruque Hossain
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Photon energy has been implemented to design the sustainable building where at least 25% of its exterior curtain skin wall could be used as the acting Photovoltaics (PV) panel to trap the solar energy to transform into electricity to satisfy energy demand for a building itself without any outsource connection. Given the current rate of conventional fuel consumption, atmospheric greenhouse gas emission (GHGs) increasing rapidly where building sector along responsible for 40% GHGs emission. These...
Topics: Clean energy production, Climate change mitigation, Global environmental vulnerability, PV panel...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- María Gabriela Perotti; Marcelo Fabián Bonino; Daiana Ferraro; Félix Benjamín Cruz
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Ectotherms are vulnerable to climate change, given their dependence on temperature, and amphibians are particularly interesting because of their complex life cycle. Tadpoles may regulate their body temperature by using suitable thermal microhabitats. Thus, their physiological responses are the result of adjustment to the local thermal limits experienced in their ponds. We studied three anuran tadpole species present in Argentina and Chile: Pleurodema thaul and Pleurodema bufoninum that are...
Topics: Climate change, Niche models, Reaction norms, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Dimitrios Eleftheriou; Kyriakos Kiachidis; Georgios Kalmintzis; Argiro Kalea; Christos Bantasis; Paraskevi Koumadoraki; Maria Eleni Spathara; Angeliki Tsolaki; Maria Irini Tzampazidou; Alexandra Gemitzi
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Climate change is one of the most challenging research topics during the last few decades, as temperature rise has already posed a significant impact on the earth's functions thus affecting all life of the planet. Land Surface Temperature (LST) is identified as a key variable in environmental and climate studies. The present study investigates the distribution of daytime and nighttime LST trends over Greece, a country in the Mediterranean area which is identified as one of the main...
Topics: Climate change, Diurnal temperature range, Greece, Land surface temperature (LST), Terra/aqua MODIS
Construal level theory of psychological distance suggests that people are likely to pay more attention to contextual cues when appraising proximal, rather than distant stimuli. We tested the theory in the climate change context by examining if framing climate change impacts in a psychologically close way may motivate the American public to support climate-mitigating policies and enact climate-mitigating actions, accounting for their political ideology, cultural worldview, and environmental...
Topics: Climate change, Construal level theory, Ideological polarization, Psychological distance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Matthew Tye; Johan P. Dahlgren; Dag Inge Øien; Asbjørn Moen; Nina Sletvold
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Long-term demographic data are needed for detailed viability analyses of populations threatened by climate change, but the infeasibility of obtaining such data makes it urgent to assess whether demographic responses to climatic variation can be generalized across populations and species. We used 32 years of demographic data on four species of closely related orchids (genera Dactylorhiza and Gymnadenia), replicated in a coastal and an inland region in central Norway, to test how demographic...
Topics: Climate change, Demography, Life history differences, Orchids, Population dynamics, Spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Pietro Croce; Paolo Formichi; Filippo Landi; Francesca Marsili
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A general procedure to evaluate future trends in snow loads on structures is illustrated aiming to study influences of climate change at European scale, to assess its impact on the design of new structures as well as on the reliability levels of existing ones, also in view of definition of updated snow maps for new generation of Eurocodes. Starting from reliable and high quality registered meteorological data of daily temperatures, rain and snow precipitations at nine Italian weather stations,...
Topics: Climate change, Climate models, Extreme values, Monte Carlo simulation, Snow loads, Snow maps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Elsayed Mansour; Ehab S.A. Moustafa; Naglaa Qabil; Asmaa Abdelsalam; Hany A. Wafa; Ahmed El Kenawy; Ana M. Casas; Ernesto Igartua
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Climate change poses challenges to agricultural production in general and to plant breeders in particular. Adaptation of cereals to the new conditions and increasingly variable situations arising from this process is essential to reduce risks and limit potential threats associated with climate hazards. This study presents the first attempt to assess the response and resilience of barley genotypes, with different growth habits across Egypt. For this purpose, eight field trials were conducted...
Topics: Barley growth habits, Climate change, Mediterranean region, Photoperiod response genes, Resilient...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Black carbon mitigation has received increasing attention for its potential contribution to both climate change mitigation and air pollution control. Although different bottom-up models concerned with unit mitigation costs of various technologies allow the assessment of alternative policies for optimized cost-effectiveness, the lack of adequate data often forced many reluctant explicit and implicit assumptions that deviate away from actual situations of rural residential energy consumption in...
Topics: Air pollution, Black carbon mitigation, Climate change, Cost gap, Environmental policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Silas Michaelides; Theodore Karacostas; Jose Luis Sánchez; Adrianos Retalis; Ioannis Pytharoulis; Víctor Homar; Romualdo Romero; Prodromos Zanis; Christos Giannakopoulos; Johannes Bühl; Albert Ansmann; Andrés Merino; Pablo Melcón; Konstantinos Lagouvardos; Vassiliki Kotroni; Adriana Bruggeman
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The Mediterranean region is a unique area characterized by a large spectrum of atmospheric phenomena, some of which have a high impact on many aspects of human activities, safety and wellbeing. The area is long considered as a hot spot of such atmospheric phenomena deserving multidisciplinary scientific attention. The scientific research that has been carried out on these high impact atmospheric processes that occur in the Mediterranean area is indeed widespread and the available international...
Topics: Atmospheric chemistry, Atmospheric processes, Climate change, Drought, Dust and pollution,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Rebecca L. Mau; Paul Dijkstra; Egbert Schwartz; Benjamin J. Koch; Bruce A. Hungate
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Soil contains the largest terrestrial pool of carbon (C), but how this pool will be affected by global change remains unknown. Warmer temperatures generally increase soil respiration, while additional C inputs from plants to soil can increase or decrease soil C decomposition rates through a phenomenon known as priming. Priming occurs when soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition rates change in response to a fresh substrate, though the mechanisms underlying priming are poorly understood. Here,...
Topics: Climate change, Priming, SOM decomposition, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan; C. Heffernan
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Topics: Climate change, Disease cascades, Land use change, Spillover, Urbanisation
Climate change and human activities have substantially changed hydrological and geomorphologic processes, particularly in upper mountainous catchments. The Jinsha River Basin (JRB), the uppermost region of the Yangtze River and the largest hydropower production region in China, was chosen to investigate the sediment load responses to climate variations and human activities. The non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and double mass curve were used to explore the spatial-temporal variations of...
Topics: Cascade reservoirs, Climate change, Discharge, Jinsha River, Sediment load, Three Gorges Reservoir
Studying the differences in phenology among plant species is important for understanding their physiological and reproductive responses to climate change and complex inter-species interactions. This study conducted a comparative analysis of the spatio-temporal variation in the phenologies of two herbaceous species (Plantago asiatica and Taraxacum mongolicum) and associated climatic driving factors on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) based on ground-observed phenology data during 2000–2012. The...
Topics: Climate change, Phenology, Plantago asiatica, Taraxacum mongolicum, Tibetan plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Mustafa Ali; Christina M. Kennedy; Joe Kiesecker; Yong Geng
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China aims to realize the aspiration of sustainable development using the Circular Economy (CE) policy which, apart from other objectives, aims to minimize raw material extraction and preserve natural resources. While CE can be an important policy tool to promote more sustainable development trajectories, in practice it does not always avoid or mitigate adverse impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services caused by resource extraction and infrastructure development. Here we review the current...
Topics: Climate change, Economic growth, Mitigation banking, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead; John Halstead
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In the wake of the continued failure to mitigate greenhouse gases, researchers have explored the possibility of injecting aerosols into the stratosphere in order to cool global temperatures. This paper discusses whether Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) should be researched, on the controversial ethical assumption that reducing existential risk is overwhelmingly morally important. On the one hand, SAI could eliminate the environmental existential risks of climate change (arguably around a...
Topics: Climate change, Existential risk, Geoengineering, Moral hazard, Stratospheric aerosol injection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable flood management is a basic societal need. In this article, life cycle assessment is used to compare two ways to maintain the state of a coastal urban area in a changing climate with increasing flood risk. On one side, the construction of a dike, a hard and proactive scenario, is modelled using a bottom up approach. On the other, the systematic repair of houses flooded by sea surges, a post-disaster measure, is assessed using a Monte Carlo simulation allowing for aleatory...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Denmark, Flood protection, Life cycle assessment, Sea level rise
In the Mediterranean area, changes in crop production and quality are expected in the future, due to one or more stress factors associated with climate change. Among them, plant responses to atmospheric CO2 concentration increases, enhanced temperatures and scarce water availability are a matter that deserves further investigation. In this study, the effects of the three above-mentioned factors, acting individually and/or in interaction, on grapevine reproductive growth and berry quality were...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Elevated CO2, Grapevine quality, Red and white Tempranillo
The paper aims to elucidate the influence of abrupt and gradual climate changes on the suitability for colonization of Scaphoideus titanus populations in grapevine-growing areas of the Northwestern Alpine region. This study spans several decades of temperature recordings and is carried out in ten grapevine-growing areas. A time-varying distributed delay with attrition model, linked to a grapevine phenology model, is used to simulate the development of S. titanus populations and produce an...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic suitability, Colonization risk, Forecast, Physiologically-based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow; Jeffrey Chow
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The Government of Bangladesh has been establishing mangrove plantations since 1960. This study analyzes results from a household survey across eight coastal villages to investigate how local rural communities utilize these resources. The predominant direct use by households is the extraction of combustible fuel. Econometric results suggest that determinants of the household decision to collect fuelwood include respondent occupation and village. Farmers are less likely to extract mangrove fuels...
Topics: Afforestation, Climate change adaptation policy, Fuelwood, Mangrove forests, Rural development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- N. Martin Ngwabie; Ada N. Acobta; Veronica E. Manga; Andrew C. VanderZaag
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Limited information is available in the literature on greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification from livestock production systems in Africa. Therefore, this project was carried out to generate baseline emission factors of methane (CH 4 ), nitrous oxide (N 2 O) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from broiler and layer barns with building design typical of Cameroon. Emissions were measured from two broiler barns during the entire production cycles and a layer barn for a limited period using flux chambers....
Topics: Broilers, Climate change, Emission factors, Greenhouse gases, Hot climate, Laying hens
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Charles Truettner; William R.L. Anderegg; John D. Shaw; Franco Biondi; George W. Koch; Kiona Ogle; Christopher Schwalm; Marcy E. Litvak; Emanuele Ziaco
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Future droughts are expected to become more severe and frequent under future climate change scenarios, likely causing widespread tree mortality in the western USA. Coping with an uncertain future requires an understanding of long-term ecosystem responses in areas where prolonged drought is projected to increase. Tree-ring records are ideally suited for this task. We developed 24 tree-ring chronologies from 20 U.S. Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) plots in the southwestern USA....
Topics: Climate change, Climate interactions, Conifers, Dendroclimatology, Forest drought severity index,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is an important greenhouse gas and emissions of N 2 O have been shown to increase under elevated CO 2 (eCO 2 ) resulting in a positive feedback on climate change. CO 2 -driven increases under grassland have often been associated with greater N 2 O emitted during denitrification. We examined the soils from a Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) experiment on grassland on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand that had received long-term exposure to elevated...
Topics: Climate change, FACE, Nitrous oxide
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Felipe Bastida; Tom W. Crowther; Iván Prieto; Devin Routh; Carlos García; Nico Jehmlich
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Sensitive models of climate change impacts would require a better integration of multi-omics approaches that connect the abundance and activity of microbial populations. Here, we show that climate is a fundamental driver of the protein abundance of Actinobacteria, Planctomycetes and Proteobacteria, supporting the hypothesis that metabolic activity of some dominant phyla may be closely linked to climate. These results may improve our capacity to construct microbial models that better predict the...
Topics: Climate change, Metaproteomics, Microbial diversity, Soil microbial community
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Organisms in marine systems are exposed to multiple stressors that create a range of associated environmental and ecotoxicological risks. Examples of stressors include alterations related to climate change, such as temperature increase, and the exposure to pollutants arising from human activities. The present study evaluated the impacts of Arsenic exposure (1 mg/L) and warming (21 °C) in Mytilus galloprovincialis, acting alone and in combination. Our results demonstrated that both Arsenic...
Topics: Climate change, Metabolism, Metalloids, Mussels, Oxidative stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm; Tommi Ekholm
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Cost-benefit analyses on climate change have drawn considerable critique, primarily due to contestable choices of discounting and high uncertainties in climate sensitivity and climatic damages. Consequentially, it is argued that cost-benefit analysis can suggest mitigation rates that are nearly arbitrary. This article investigates how firm conclusions can be made from cost-benefit analysis if the main uncertainties are considered endogenously in the analysis and an extensive sensitivity...
Topics: Climate change, Cost-benefit analysis, Integrated assessment models, Social cost of carbon,...
Greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions from human activities continue to alter the climate and are likely to have significant impacts on watershed hydrological cycles and stream water quality. We applied the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to evaluate how CO2 impacts the hydrology of a watershed. The goal of this study is to evaluate how potential CO2 changes would impact the hydrologic components in the forest-dominant Seolma-cheon watershed (8.48 km2) in South Korea. Using an image from...
Topics: CO2 flux, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, MODIS GPP, SWAT, Water cycle
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Zhiqiang Dong; Zhihua Pan; Qijin He; Jialin Wang; Lei Huang; Yuying Pan; Guolin Han; Xiaoping Xue; Yanchun Chen
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The main characteristics of global climate change include significant temperature increases and uneven precipitation distributions, which are both limiting factors for the sustainable development of dryland agriculture in semiarid regions. Inner Mongolia, which occupies the largest area of the semiarid region in China, is a good representation of the region's climate and dryland agricultural conditions. Spring wheat is widely grown in this region, but the negative impacts of climate change have...
Topics: Assessment, Climate change, Inner Mongolia, Spring wheat, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- S. E. Diaz-Mendez; A. A. Torres-Rodríguez; M. Abatal; M. A.Escalante Soberanis; A. Bassam; G. K. Pedraza-Basulto
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Merida, Mexico, is a city that spends 17% of its electricity for lighting purposes. This electricity comes from thermal power plants that use fossil fuels. These emit a large amount of particulate matter, around 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5), which can penetrate deepest lung parts (alveoli), causing cardiovascular disease. Mexico has a policy (NOM-028-ENER-2010) that establishes the minimum efficiency for lighting in buildings. However, lighting is often used inappropriately (e.g. daytime or when...
Topics: Emission Factors and Intake factors, Energy saving, Environmental and health concerns, Local and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- McKenna Stahl; Sarah Widney; Christopher Craft
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We measured plant community composition and productivity, soil accretion, and C, N, and P burial in a tidal freshwater forest of the Altamaha River, Georgia to gain a better understanding of the ecosystem services they deliver and their ability to keep pace with current and future rates of sea level rise. Ten species were identified in two 0.1 ha plots. Nyssa aquatica (Tupelo Gum) made up 50% of the density and 57% of the total basal area. Nyssa biflora, Liquidambar styraciflua, and Fraxinus...
Topics: Climate change, Nutrient cycling, Sea level rise, Tidal forest
Land use and climate change are increasingly important stressors affecting freshwater ecosystems. Although their effects on freshwater organisms have been widely studied, most studies applied traditional statistical methods, which only focus on single stressor and simple cause-effect relationships without considering the complex interactions among stressors. Therefore, we developed an integrated method by combining Structure Equation Modeling (SEM) and Bayesian Networks (BNs) to estimate the...
Topics: Bayesian networks, Climate change, Freshwater ecosystems, Human disturbances, Structural equation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Remy Manderscheid; Markus Dier; Martin Erbs; Jan Sickora; Hans Joachim Weigel
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Global warming and associated decrease of summer precipitation will intensify the limitation of crop growth through water unavailability in Europe. Concomitantly, the rise of atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) decreases stomatal conductance and thus transpiration as evident at the leaf level. However, knowledge about the effect of elevated [CO2] ([eCO2]) on seasonal water use of crops is rather poor. In a two year field study, winter wheat was grown under ambient [CO2] (393 ppm) and [eCO2]...
Topics: Climate change, Evaporation, Evapotranspiration, Free-Air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Nitrogen...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Ocean warming and acidification are the two most significant side effects of carbone dioxide emissions in the world's oceans. By changing water, temperature and pH are the main environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates. This study evaluated the combined effects of predicted high temperature levels, and predicted low pH values, on fertilization and early development stages of the sea urchins Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus...
Topics: Climate change, Early development, Fertilization, Sea urchins, Temperature, pH
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Fei Wu; Yong Geng; Xu Tian; Shaozhuo Zhong; Wei Wu; Shitong Yu; Shijiang Xiao
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Urban environmental governance is critical for responding climate change. Existing policies have been inefficient for addressing complicated socio-ecological issues. In order to further promote related studies, it is critical to have a comprehensive review so that recent research progresses can be summarized and future research directions can be identified. Under such a circumstance, this paper aims to conduct a bibliometric review on urban environmental governance, with a focus on addressing...
Topics: Bibliometric review, Climate change, Network analysis, Urban environmental governance
The present research explores whether carbon labels are an appropriate and effective tool for increasing climate-friendly food consumption in Europe. Using a mixed methods approach which combines choice experiments and a questionnaire with qualitative face-to-face interviews, the preferences and willingness to pay for carbon labels and claimed climate-friendliness are explored in six European countries. Our results show that the presence of a carbon label increases the purchase probability and...
Topics: Carbon footprint labeling, Choice experiments, Climate change, Climate-friendly food, Consumer...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson; Tim Nelson
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The Australian electricity industry has found itself the subject of an intense political debate. At the center is the role of coal-fired generation. The most economic form of new generation technology in Australia is wind on a levelized cost of energy (LCOE) basis. However, new wind generation must be ‘firmed’ to address variability in output. The analysis in this article finds the optimal plant mix will need to be increasingly ‘flexible’ to complement variable renewables.
Topics: Climate change, Electricity markets, Renewable generation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Tekalegn Ayele Woldesenbet; Nadir Ahmed Elagib; Lars Ribbe; Jürgen Heinrich
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The impacts of climate and land development on streamflow and water balance components were analyzed in the Tana and Beles watersheds by using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). Streamflow response to simultaneous future land-use and land-cover (fLULC) and climate change (fCC) scenarios on the seasonal scale varied among the key water abstraction locations. The General Circulation Models (GCMs) average simulation of short-term climate indicated wetter and warmer climatic condition...
Topics: Climate change, Land cover change, Land use, Streamflow, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Shuang Sun; Xiaoguang Yang; Xiaomao Lin; Gretchen F. Sassenrath; Kenan Li
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Climate change, genotype, and agronomic management have profound impacts on crop yield. Our goal in this study is to untangle the interrelated contributions of climate change, genetic improvements, and agronomic management on winter wheat yield in China to develop management strategies that address future nutritional needs. The Agricultural Production System Simulator (APSIM) farming systems model was used to simulated long-term (1981–2010) wheat yield for four wheat production regions under...
Topics: Agronomic management, Climate change, Climate-smart management, Crop cultivars, Winter wheat yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir; Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir
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The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and...
Topics: Bangladesh, Climate change, Health challenge, Hill-tracts
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Shruti Khadka Mishra; John Hayse; Nicholas Steiner; Thomas Veselka; Eugene Yan; Rijan Bhakta Kayastha; Kirk LaGory; Kyle McDonald
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Changes in snow and glacier melt and precipitation patterns are expected to alter the water flow of rivers at various spatial and temporal scales. Hydropower generation and fisheries are likely to be impacted annually and over the century by seasonal, as well as long-term changes, in hydrological conditions. In order to quantify the effect of climate changes on hydropower and fisheries, we developed an integrated assessment framework that links biophysical models (positive degree-day model,...
Topics: Climate change, Economic value, Fisheries, Himalaya, Hydropower, Snow and glacier hydrology, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge; Rachel Burbidge
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The need for the global aviation sector to adapt and develop resilience to the potential impacts of climate change is gaining momentum. This paper expands on previous analysis by EUROCONTROL to further clarify the expected impacts for the sector. It identifies key questions to ask when considering a climate risk assessment, looks at developing a climate adaptation plan and identifies potential resilience measures. Finally, the paper presents the outcomes of a recent workshop on Adapting...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Disruptive weather, Resilience, Risk assessment, Sea level rise
Very few studies have focused on historical mercury (Hg) deposition in the Southern Hemisphere, especially for the pre-mining period. Therefore, the respective contributions of Hg emissions from anthropogenic and natural sources are not fully constrained and the long-term influence of climate variability is still in debate. In this study, we reconstructed Hg depositions over the last 13,500 years based on two sedimentary records located at the fringe between Amazonia and the Altiplano....
Topics: "Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Central Andes, Climate change, Peat sediment,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Kinya Toride; Dylan L. Cawthorne; Kei Ishida; M. Levent Kavvas; Michael L. Anderson
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California's interconnected water system is one of the most advanced water management systems in the world, and understanding of long-term trends in atmospheric and hydrologic behavior has increasingly being seen as vital to its future well-being. Knowledge of such trends is hampered by the lack of long-period observation data and the uncertainty surrounding future projections of atmospheric models. This study examines historical precipitation trends over the Shasta Dam watershed (SDW), which...
Topics: Climate change analysis, Dynamical downscaling, Historical precipitation, Watershed-scale trend...
The effect of climate variables (temperature and precipitation) on forest spatial distribution is more prominent in dryland high mountains, where forest distribution is inherently very sensitive to and strongly limited by the substantial spatial heterogeneity of site conditions. Thus, a more reliable prediction of forest distribution under changing environment depends upon an understanding of the joint influence of climatic and topographic factors and their thresholds. This study was conducted...
Topics: Arid zone, Climate change, Forest distribution, Mountain area, Topography
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Alexandra M. Kosiba; Paul G. Schaberg; Shelly A. Rayback; Gary J. Hawley
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Following growth declines and increased mortality linked to acid deposition-induced calcium depletion, red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) in the northeastern United States are experiencing a recovery. We found that more than 75% of red spruce trees and 90% of the plots examined in this study exhibited increasing growth since 2001. To understand this change, we assessed the relationship between red spruce radial growth and factors that may influence growth: tree age and diameter, stand dynamics,...
Topics: Acid deposition, Climate change, Dendrochronology, Nitrate, Picea rubens, Winter temperature, Woody...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper aims to develop new, resilience type metrics for long-term water resources management under uncertain climate change and population growth. Resilience is defined here as the ability of a water resources management system to ‘bounce back’, i.e. absorb and then recover from a water deficit event, restoring the normal system operation. Ten alternative metrics are proposed and analysed addressing a range of different resilience aspects including duration, magnitude, frequency and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Performance metrics, Reliability, Resilience, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The mid-20th century changes in North Atlantic Ocean dynamics, e.g. slow-down of the Atlantic meridional overturning thermohaline circulation (AMOC), have been considered as early signs of tipping points in the Earth climate system. We hypothesized that these changes have significantly altered boreal forest growth dynamics in northeastern North America (NA) and northern Europe (NE), two areas geographically adjacent to the North Atlantic Ocean. To test our hypothesis, we investigated tree...
Topics: Arctic amplification, Climate change, Climate-growth interactions, Dendrochronology, Response...
Late Holocene climate change is an important issue in global change research, because of its close relationship with human societal development. The Horqin sandy land is an important area for early dryland agriculture development. However, the role that climatic factors, especially temperature and precipitation, played in regional agriculture development is still unclear. This paper presents a high-resolution multi-proxy palaeomoisture record spanning 4300–1000 cal. yr BP derived from...
Topics: Aeolian deposit, Climate change, Horqin sandy land, Late Holocene
Agriculture is a global contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, causing climate change. Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration is seen as a pathway to climate change mitigation. But, long-term data on the actual contribution of tropical soils to SOC sequestration are largely absent. To contribute to filling this knowledge gap, we measured SOC in the top 15 cm over 12 years in two agronomic long-term trials in Western Kenya. These trials include various levels – from absence to full adoption...
Topics: 4p1000, C-sink, Climate change mitigation, Greenhouse gas emissions, Soil organic carbon
Folkscanomy: Fringe and Off-Center
- Sonali Kolhatkar and Anna Buss
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Rising Up With Sonali is a daily TV/Radio program produced at KPFK Pacifica Radio in Los Angeles
Topics: Lucas Zucker, Rise for Climate Jobs and Justice, Climate Change
Increased anthropogenic nutrient input and losses has caused eutrophication problems in freshwater and coastal ecosystems worldwide. High-frequency observations and modeling of river fluxes in subtropical regions are required to understand nutrient cycling and predict water quality and ecological responses. In 2014, a normal hydrologic year, we carried out daily sampling of the North Jiulong River in southeast China, which drains an agricultural watershed and experiences the Asian monsoon...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Flood, LOADEST model, Nutrient, Storm
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change impacts are a key challenge for sustainable urban development. To address this challenge, ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), i.e., the use of ecosystem services and biodiversity to help people adapt to climate change, is increasingly being considered as an alternative or complement to traditional, engineering-based approaches (increasingly also known as nature-based solutions). However, little research on ecosystem-based adaptation has been carried out in urban areas, and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Ecosystem-based adaptation, Green infrastructure,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Gerhard Wieser; Walter Oberhuber; Barbara Waldboth; Andreas Gruber; Rainer Matyssek; Thorsten E.E. Grams
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The ability of treeline conifers in the Central European Alps to cope with recent climate warming and increasing CO2 concentration is still poorly understood. We determined basal area increment (BAI) and tree ring stable carbon isotope ratios (δ13C) of Pinus cembra trees from 1925 through 2013. Stable isotope ratios and BAI were compared with leaf level gas exchange measurements carried out in situ between 1934 and 2012, and thus, provided new insights into long-term trends of tree-ring...
Topics: CO2 gas exchange, Carbon stable isotope (13C), Central alps, Climate change, Water use efficiency
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Artti Juutinen; Anssi Ahtikoski; Mika Lehtonen; Raisa Mäkipää; Markku Ollikainen
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We examine the feasibility and impacts of a short-term carbon payment mechanism on forest management in boreal forests. Unlike under long-term carbon sequestration commitments over a rotation period, landowners are allowed in this scheme to sell temporal carbon credits based on stored carbon for one year and reissue them annually. Using numeric optimization we show that the short-term carbon payment mechanism has a profound effect on the timing and intensity of thinning, and the optimal...
Topics: Carbon credits, Carbon sequestration, Mitigation of climate change, Optimization of forest...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash
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While numerous indicators may point to an optimism about a global transition to a carbon-free world, that transition can occur down divergent possible roads, driven by how the following questions about the future are answered today: Will the transition be equitable enough? Will the transition be fast enough? Will the transition be driven by 21st Century institutions and governance, or will it be stuck in the 20th Century? Lessons learned from the last century's fossil fuel system and the last...
Topics: Climate change, Energy equity, Energy transition, Renewable energy
One of the popular methods to predict shoreline shifts into the future involves use of a shoreline evolution model driven by the historical wave climate. It is however understood by now that historical wave conditions might substantially change in future in response to climate change induced by the global warming. The future shoreline changes as well as sediment transport therefore need to be determined with the help of future projections of wave climate. In this work this is done at the port...
Topics: Climate change, Erosion, Numerical models, Shoreline changes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Leqi Fang; Shengli Tao; Jiangling Zhu; Yu Liu
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Lakes provide valuable water resources for people, life, and socioeconomic development in Northwestern China—a core region of the arid Central Asia where water is seriously deficient. In this study, we report the first investigation of the 30-year changes in all lakes larger than 1 km2 in Northwestern China and the associated driving forces. We found that the number of lakes increased from 121 to 135, and the total lake area increased from 5495 km2 to 6445 km2 in this region. However,...
Topics: Central Asia, Climate change, Lake, Sustainability, Water resource management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Walter Leal Filho; Edward A. Morgan; Jean Hugé; Eric S. Godoy; Ulisses M. Azeiteiro; Paula Bacelar-Nicolau; Lucas Veiga Ávila; Claudia Mac-Lean
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Many universities around the world have been active centres of climate change research. However, there are a number of barriers to climate change research, stemming both from the nature of the research and the structure of institutions. This paper offers an overview of the barriers which hinder the handling of matters related to climate change at institutions of higher education (IHEs), and reports on an empirical study to investigate these barriers using a global survey of higher education...
Topics: Climate change research, Climate change teaching, Higher education, Research, Universities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- J. F.T. de Souza; B. P. de Oliveira; J. T.V. Ferrer; S. A. Pacca
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Sub-national and regional greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies are being stimulated by the Paris Agreement. Several low carbon studies have been conducted for important emitters such as California State in the US and Chinese provinces. At the same time, carbon mitigation studies have focused on the industrial sector, especially in developing countries. In comparison to the national scenario, the Sao Paulo state in Brazil shows a distinct emission profile. The industry in Sao Paulo is...
Topics: Brazil, Climate change mitigation, Consumption-based CO2 emissions, Industry, Marginal abatement...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Elham Bozorgparvar; Masoud Yazdanpanah; Masoumeh Forouzani; Bahman Khosravipour
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This paper aims to use a comprehensive modeling framework to investigate the intention of Iranian livestock producers to deploy renewable energies on their farms to mitigate climate change. A survey was conducted in southern Iran using a random sample of farmers (n = 140). Structural equation modeling showed that attitude, moral norm, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control are significant predictors of farmers’ intention to use renewable energies. Attitude was determined by...
Topics: Agriculture extension, Climate change mitigation, Iran, Livestock sector, Social acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jeroen Ingels; Giovanni dos Santos; Natalie Hicks; Yirina Valdes Vazquez; Patricia Fernandes Neres; Letícia Pereira Pontes; Mayara Nataly Amorim; Sara Román; Henrik Stahl; Paul J. Somerfield; Stephen Widdicombe
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Global concern over increasing CO 2 emissions, and the resultant CO 2 driven temperature rises and changes in seawater chemistry, necessitates the advancement of understanding into how these changes will affect marine life now and in the future. Here we report on an experimental investigation into the effects of increased CO 2 concentration and elevated temperature on sedimentary meiofaunal communities. Cohesive (muddy) and non-cohesive (sandy) sediments were collected from the Eden Estuary in...
Topics: Climate change, Meiobenthos, Mesocosm, Nematoda, Ocean acidification, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Dapeng Feng; Yi Zheng; Yixin Mao; Aijing Zhang; Bin Wu; Jinguo Li; Yong Tian; Xin Wu
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Water resources in coastal areas can be profoundly influenced by both climate change and human activities. These climatic and human impacts are usually intertwined and difficult to isolate. This study developed an integrated model-based approach for detection and attribution of climatic and human impacts and applied this approach to the Luanhe Plain, a typical coastal area in northern China. An integrated surface water-groundwater model was developed for the study area using GSFLOW (coupled...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal area, Groundwater, Human activities, Integrated surface water-groundwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper analyzes the effects of hurricane Sandy on the New York City housing market using a large parcel-level dataset that contains all housing sales for 2003–2017. The dataset also contains geo-coded FEMA data on which building structures were damaged by the hurricane and to what degree. Our estimates provide robust evidence of a persistent negative impact on flood zone housing values. We show the gradual emergence of a price penalty among flood zone properties that were not damaged by...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Hurricane Sandy, Real estate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Palaeoendemic plants, whose past geographical distribution was much larger than their present distribution ranges, play an important role in reconstructing biogeographical events, and in tracking floristic relationships among continents throughout geological time. Improving knowledge about their geographical histories helps to understand the evolution of biodiversity under palaeoenvironmental changes. Here, we report the first fossil record of Dipteronia from East Asia, namely Dipteronia...
Topics: Biodiversity, China, Climate change, Dipteronia, Fossil history, Rupelian
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A prominent increase in the moon jellyfish (genus Aurelia) populations has been observed since 1980 in two semi-enclosed temperate seas: the northern Adriatic Sea and the Inland Sea of Japan. Therefore, we reviewed long-term environmental and biotic data from the two Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites, along with the increase in the moon jellyfish occurrence to elucidate how these coastal seas shifted to the jellyfish-dominated ecosystems. The principal component analysis of atmospheric...
Topics: Aurelia aurita, Climate change, Eutrophication, Forage fish, LTER, Marine urbanisation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Accurately estimating spatial-temporal patterns of gross primary production (GPP) is important for the global carbon cycle. Satellite-based light use efficiency (LUE) models are regarded as an efficient tool in simulating spatial-temporal dynamics of GPP. However, the accuracy assessment of GPP simulations from LUE models at both spatial and temporal scales remains a challenge. In this study, we simulated GPP of vegetation in China during 2007–2014 using a LUE model (Vegetation Photosynthesis...
Topics: Climate change, GOME-2 SIF data, Gross primary production, Light use efficiency, Vegetation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change is resulting in increased temperatures and precipitation in subarctic regions of Europe. These changes are extending tree lines to higher altitudes and latitudes, and enhancing tree growth enabling intensification of forestry into previously inhospitable subarctic regions. The combined effects of climate change and land-use intensification extend the warm, open-water season in subarctic lakes and increase lake productivity and may also increase leaching and methylation activity...
Topics: Climate change, Heavy metal, Intensive forestry, Land use, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Shinya Iwasaki; Alexsey R. Desyatkin; Nikolai V. Filippov; Roman V. Desyatkin; Ryusuke Hatano
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This study was conducted to evaluate the change in total soil carbon [TSC = litter carbon (LIC) + soil organic carbon (SOC) + soil carbonate carbon (SCC)] associated with recent thermokarst activity and forest disturbance induced by the climate change and land use change in the permafrost-affected soils of Eastern Siberia. TSC stock from 80 sites in three types of the ecosystem: forests, arable land, and thermokarst were analyzed. The SOC content was positively correlated with root C density in...
Topics: Climate change, Cryosol, Permafrost-affected soils, Soil carbon stock change
Analysis of the urban climate changing is the basis for the implementation of stormwater management measures. This study analyzed the climate conditions of 230 cities in the Hebei and Guangdong provinces from 1958 to 2016, and then discussed stormwater management of these cities. The results demonstrated the following: (1) The climatic indicators differed significantly between the two provinces. These indicators include the aridity index, annual average potential evapotranspiration,...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Flooding, Low Impact Development, Stormwater management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Julius Taminskas; Rita Linkevičienė; Rasa Šimanauskienė; Laurynas Jukna; Gintautas Kibirkštis; Marija Tamkevičiūtė
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Cyclic peatland surface variability is influenced by hydrological conditions that highly depend on climate and/or anthropogenic activities. A low water level leads to a decrease of peatland surface and an increase of C emissions into the atmosphere, whereas a high water level leads to an increase of peatland surface and carbon sequestration in peatlands. The main aim of this article is to evaluate the influence of hydrometeorological conditions toward the peatland surface and its feedback...
Topics: Climate change, Peatland surface, Raised bog water table, Surface variability
As the impact of climate change increases, coastal cities are negatively affected by sea level rise, extreme rainfall, and storm surges. To cope with such climate change impacts, it is essential to invest in climate change adaptation procedures in coastal cities. This paper proposes a rainbow option-based methodology to accurately valuate investments in coastal city development considering climate change. This model is a tool for evaluating the economic feasibility considering the uncertainties...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coastal urban development, Great seawall, Real options analysis
The environmental impact of dairy production in Ireland has been widely studied and it is known that regional differences in management and impact are driven by climate. Climate change projections for Ireland predict increasing temperature, change in rainfall patterns and decreasing in solar radiation, varying by agroclimatic region. This study evaluated the environmental impacts of low-cost, grass-based, rotational-grazing dairy production on poorly drained soils under climate change. The...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Eutrophication, Life cycle assessment, Rotational grazing, System...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Uncertainty estimation of climate change impacts on hydrology has received much attention in the research community. The choice of a global climate model (GCM) is usually considered as the largest contributor to the uncertainty of climate change impacts. The temporal variation of GCM uncertainty needs to be investigated for making long-term decisions to deal with climate change. Accordingly, this study investigated the temporal variation (mainly long-term) of uncertainty related to the choice...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrology, Temporal variation, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug
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The purpose of this discussion is to demonstrate how a formula used by Zhai et al. (2018) can be utilized to estimate the sea-air fluxes of biogenic gases based on wind statistics. Results are exemplified using long-term mean wind speed statistics from the northern North Sea.
Topics: Climate change, Mean wind speed statistics, Sea-air exchange, Sea-air flux
Land leasing is a possible climate adaptation where risk is shared. We investigate how climate affects dryland wheat farmland rental patterns in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Using farm-level agricultural census data, we study the relationships between climate and leasing arrangements. We find that increases in precipitation reduce leased land and increase the use of cash-rent leases, while increases in precipitation variability reduce the prevalence of cash-rent leases. Using medium and high...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Land leasing, Rental contract, Wheat