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Folkscanomy: A Library of Books

Folksonomy: A system of classification derived from the practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content; this practice is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, social indexing, and social tagging. Coined by Thomas Vander Wal, it is a portmanteau of folk and taxonomy.

Folkscanomy: A collection of books and text derived from the efforts of volunteers to make information as widely available as possible. Because the metadata related to these scanned books are often done outside the library or cataloging industries, finding material can be more difficult. The Folkscanomy collection attempts to add a layer of classification for easier navigation.


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Folkscanomy: Fringe and Off-Center
by 0x00sec
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A backup of all 809 tutorials on 0x00sec, as of November 11th 2017.
Topics: hacking, tutorials, backup, 0x00sec, security
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by 0xAX
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A book-in-progress about the linux kernel and its insides. The goal is simple  - to share my modest knowledge about the insides of the linux kernel and help people who are interested in linux kernel insides, and other low-level subject matter. - @0xAX Archived by Unglue.it
Topic: linux
Folkscanomy: Fringe and Off-Center
by 17x013
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task 1
Topic: OOAD
Folkscanomy: Fringe and Off-Center
by 17x026
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task 1
Topic: OOAD
Folkscanomy: Fringe and Off-Center
by 4x4soccer
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4x4 soccer is one of the best football flash games available on the web. It is by many considered as combination of football game and racing game. This is because the game requires players to score as much goals as possible while driving a give car.
Topics: 4x4 soccer, 4x4 soccer unblocked, 4x4 soccer hacked, 4x4 soccer game, 4x4soccer
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Worldwide, one of the drivers of substitution and adulteration is the cost of the natural resources (plants, animals, fungi) that are ingredients of traditional medicines. Relatively few studies have been done that link prices of traditional medicine ingredients to what drives changes in price, yet this is an important topic. Theoretically, prices have been widely considered as an economic indicator of resource scarcity. Rare, slow growing medicinal plants sell...
Topics: Adulteration, Chong lou, Dōng chóng xià cǎo, Economic values, Ge Jie, Gekko gecko, Nan wuweizi,...
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by ACSAC 2004 (2004 : Beijing, China); Yew, Pen-Chung, 1950-; Xue, Jingling, 1962-
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Advances in Computer Systems Architecture: 9th Asia-Pacific Conference, ACSAC 2004, Beijing, China, September 7-9, 2004. Proceedings Author: Pen-Chung Yew, Jingling Xue Published by Springer Berlin Heidelberg ISBN: 978-3-540-23003-8 DOI: 10.1007/b100354 Table of Contents: Some Real Observations on Virtual Machines Replica Victim Caching to Improve Reliability of In-Cache Replication Efficient Victim Mechanism on Sector Cache Organization Cache Behavior Analysis of a Compiler-Assisted Cache...
Topic: Computer architecture
The 2ν6 (A1 + E)/ν2 + ν3 (A1)/ν3 + ν5 (E) band system of CH3Br, near 2000 cm−1, has been studied, for both 79Br and 81Br isotopologues, using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, with a resolution of 0.003 cm−1. This band system, revealing anharmonic (Δk = Δl = 0) and Coriolis (Δk = Δl = ± 1) interactions, has been analyzed through a least-squares fit of more than 3000 transitions, for each isotopologue. More than 600 transitions belonging to the very weak ν3 + ν5...
Topics: Anharmonic, Combination bands, Coriolis and α-resonance interactions, High resolution, IR...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is the world's most important grain legume. The impacts of climate change such as elevated CO 2 and drought on soybean physiological and morphological responses are not well understood. This study evaluated the effects of elevated CO 2 (ambient concentration + 200 mmol mol −1 ) and drought stress (35–45% of relative water content) on soybean leaf photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, stress physiological indexes, morphological parameters, biomass and...
Topics: Drought stress, Elevated [CO 2 ], Oxidative stress, Photosynthesis, Soybean, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aisha Olushola Arowolo; Xiangzheng Deng; Olusanya Abiodun Olatunji; Abiodun Elijah Obayelu
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Increasing human activities worldwide have significantly altered the natural ecosystems and consequently, the services they provide. This is no exception in Nigeria, where land-use/land-cover has undergone a series of dramatic changes over the years mainly due to the ever-growing large population. However, estimating the impact of such changes on a wide range of ecosystem services is seldom attempted. Thus, on the basis of GlobeLand30 land-cover maps for 2000 and 2010 and using the value...
Topic: Value coefficients
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andong Cai; Guopeng Liang; Xubo Zhang; Wenju Zhang; Ling Li; Yichao Rui; Minggang Xu; Yiqi Luo
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Understanding drivers of straw decomposition is essential for adopting appropriate management practice to improve soil fertility and promote carbon (C) sequestration in agricultural systems. However, predicting straw decomposition and characteristics is difficult because of the interactions between many factors related to straw properties, soil properties, and climate, especially under future climate change conditions. This study investigated the driving factors of straw decomposition of six...
Topics: Agro-ecosystem, Climate, Soil properties, Straw decomposition, Straw properties
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Newsham; María T. Pulido; Martina Ulrichs; Roberto Muñoz Cruz; Xóchitl Cantellano Ocón; Alexander Shankland; Terry Cannon
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This paper scrutinises claims made about the promise and efficacy of ecosystems-based adaptation (EBA), through an exploration of EBA-relevant interventions in two fieldsites in Mexico. Our data starts to fill important gaps in current global debates about EBA. We find evidence of the important contribution of interventions relevant to EBA objectives at a small scale and under very specific conditions. However, the viability of similar interventions is substantially reduced, and arguably...
Topics: Ecosystems-based adaptation, Mexico, Payments for ecosystems services, Political ecology, Protected...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna S. Makarova; Xuexiu Jia; Elena B. Kruchina; Evgenia I. Kudryavtseva; Igor G. Kukushkin
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The chemical industry is one of the typical sources of harmful pollutants and some of which are difficult to tackle. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are of great concern to the performance of chemical industries regarding environmental impacts, and one of the core programs is the global voluntary Responsible Care ® Program (RCP), aiming to encourage the industries to voluntarily report environmental performance data. Due to the voluntary reporting system, the collected datasets are huge...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anzhou Zhao; Anbing Zhang; Sen Cao; Xianfeng Liu; Jianhong Liu; Dayu Cheng
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Drought affects land surface dynamics. Quantifying the response of vegetation productivity to variations in drought events at different time-scales is crucial for evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems. Utilizing the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), this study evaluated the response of vegetation productivity to different time-scales of drought (SPEI-3, SPEI-6, SPEI-12, and...
Topics: Loess Plateau, Multiple temporal resolution, NDVI, SPEI
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Baojing Gu; Xiaotang Ju; Xinyue Ye; Yiyun Wu; Jan Willem Erisman; Albert Bleeker; Stefan Reis; Mark A. Sutton; Shu Kee Lam; Pete Smith; Oene Oenema; Rognvald I. Smith; Xuehe Lu; Deli Chen
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Biosphere carbon sinks are crucial for reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration to mitigate global warming, but are substantially affected by the input of reactive nitrogen (Nr). Although the effects of anthropogenic CO2 emission and nitrogen deposition (indicated by Nr emission to atmosphere) on carbon sink have been studied, it is unclear how their ratio (C/N) changes with economic development and how such change alters biosphere carbon sinks. Here, by compiling datasets for...
Topics: CO2 emission, Carbon sink, Climate change, Economic development, Nitrogen deposition, Stoichiometry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Beixi Jia; Yuxuan Wang; Shan Huang; Yang Nan; Xuwen Zhou
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We examined the correlations between winter aerosol optical depth (AOD) in North China (NC) and three synoptic-scale meteorological indices from 2001 to 2016, including the Siberian High intensity (SHI), East Asian Winter Monsoon intensity (EAWMI), and the Siberian High Position index (SHPI). To separate the influences from meteorology and emissions, NC AOD was detrended by subtracting a linear increasing trend from 2001 to 2013 and a decreasing trend from 2014 to 2016, in correspondence with...
Topics: Future air quality, North China, Siberian High Position index, Synoptic-scale circulation, Winter...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benhong Guo; Zhantao Feng; Meng Li; Xiaomiao Li; Jijun Li; Chunhui Song; Zhijun Zhao; Baotian Pan; Daniel F. Stockli; Junsheng Nie
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The fluvial archives in the upper-reach Yellow River basins provide important information about drainage history of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) associated with geomorphologic evolution and climate change. However, the Pliocene fluvial strata within this region have not been studied in detail, hence limiting the understanding of the late Cenozoic development of regional fluvial systems. In this paper, we present the results of a study of the geochronology, sedimentology, and provenance...
Topics: Fluvial system, Late Pliocene, Provenance, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bo Qing Ding; Feng Cheng; Xiao Song Zhang; Xiu Wei Li
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To overcome the worldwide energy poverty and climate change, greener buildings are urgently needed. The air-conditioning system, as a huge energy consumer in buildings, must be more energy conservative and environment friendly. Absorption air-conditioning system is an idea option except for its low performance caused by energy waste in the thermal regeneration process. That can be improved with the membrane regeneration method driven by electric power. However, the performance is unstable with...
Topics: Membrane regeneration, Performance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Boran Ekin Aydin; Xin Tian; Joost Delsman; Gualbert H.P. Oude Essink; Edo Abraham
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Worldwide, delta areas are under stress due to climate change. With rising sea levels and decreasing freshwater availability, surface water salinization due to groundwater exfiltration is expected to increase in these low-lying areas. To counteract surface water salinization, freshwater diverted from rivers is used to flush agricultural ditches. In this paper, we demonstrate a Model Predictive Control (MPC) scheme to control salinity and water levels in a water course while minimizing...
Human health faces unprecedented challenges caused by climate change. Thus, studies of the effect of temperature change on total mortality have been conducted in numerous countries. However, few of those studies focused on temperature-related mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) or considered future population changes and adaptation to climate change. We present herein a projection of temperature-related mortality due to CVD under different climate change, population, and adaptation...
Topics: Adaptation, Cardiovascular disease, Climate change, Projection, Socioeconomic pathways
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Caihong Xu; Jiarong Li; Aijun Ding; Xianmang Xu; Wenxing Wang; Qingzhu Zhang; Haidong Kan; Zhuohui Zhao; Abdelwahid Mellouki
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Bacteria are ubiquitous in the near-surface atmosphere where they constitute an important component of aerosols with the potential to affect climate change, ecosystems, atmospheric process and human health. Limitation in tracking bacterial diversity accurately has thus far prevented the knowledge of airborne bacteria and their pathogenic properties. We performed a comprehensive assessment of bacterial abundance and diverse community in PM 2.5 collected at Mt. Tai, via high-throughput sequencing...
Topics: Air mass origin, Bioaerosol, Diversity, PM
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Caiwang Zheng; Chuanfeng Zhao; Yanping Li; Xiaolin Wu; Kaiyang Zhang; Jing Gao; Qi Qiao; Yuanzhe Ren; Xi Zhang; Fahe Chai
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Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) are important pollution gases which can affect air quality, human health and even climate change. Based on the combination of tropospheric NO 2 and SO 2 column density products derived from OMI satellite with the ground station observations, this study analyzed the spatial-temporal distribution of NO 2 and SO 2 amount in Inner Mongolia urban agglomerations. It shows that NO 2 increased continually from 2005 to 2011 at a rate of 14.3% per year...
Topics: NO 2, OMI, SO 2, Spatial distribution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Can Zhang; Aifeng Zhou; Haixia Zhang; Qing Zhang; Xiaonan Zhang; Huiling Sun; Cheng Zhao
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Understanding the response of past soil erosion to climate change and human disturbances is quite essential for managing and preventing soil erosion in the future. Here, we report a high-resolution soil erosion sequence during the past 2000 years based on grain-size data from a sediment core GS07A in Tianchi Lake in the Chinese Loess Plateau. These grain-size data are analysed by end-member modelling and further deciphered by detailed modern investigations of surface sediments, surface soils,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changbin Li; Liuming Wang; Wang Wanrui; Jiaguo Qi; Yang Linshan; Yuan Zhang; Wu Lei; Xia Cui; Peng Wang
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Climate variability and anthropogenic regulations are two interwoven factors in the ecohydrologic system across large basins. Understanding the roles that these two factors play under various hydrologic conditions is of great significance for basin hydrology and sustainable water utilization. In this study, we present an analytical approach based on coupling water balance method and Budyko hypothesis to derive effectiveness coefficients (ECs) of climate change, as a way to disentangle...
Topics: Climate change, Contribution, Effectiveness coefficients, Human activities, Streamflow variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper first introduced a numerical carbonation model (NCM) for fatigue-damaged concrete. Then, based on the NCM, a simplified carbonation model (SCM) for fatigue-damaged concrete was established, comprised of a non-damaged concrete contribution term and a fatigue damage contribution term, through Monte Carlo simulations. Both the NCM and SCM were verified by experimental results reported in the literature. Subsequently, an incremental method was proposed to consider the time-variant...
Topics: Carbonation, Climate change, Concrete, Fatigue damage, Traffic loads
Green Infrastructure (GI) has become increasingly important in urban stormwater management because of the effects of climate change and urbanization. To mitigate severe urban water-related problems, China is implementing GI at the national scale under its Sponge City Program (SCP). The SCP is currently in a pilot period, however, little attention has been paid to the cost-effectiveness of GI implementation in China. In this study, an evaluation framework based on the Storm Water Management...
Topics: Cost-effectiveness, Life cycle cost analysis, Low impact development, Storm water management model,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Suspended sediment load of a river represents integrated results of soil erosion, landform change and ecosystem variation occurring within the river basin. Accurate estimation of suspended sediment load is helpful for distinguishing the impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on earth system processes within river basin under global climate change. Suspended sediment load, with long-term in-situ observation limited by harsh conditions, can be estimated by sediment rating curves and various...
Topics: Flood rank, Sediment rating curve, Suspended sediment concentration, Suspended sediment load, The...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chen Zheng; Xuguang Tang; Qing Gu; Tongxin Wang; Jin Wei; Lisheng Song; Mingguo Ma
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Changing climate, especially extreme weather event, is exerting considerable impacts on the hydrological and biogeochemical processes in forests worldwide. A deep understanding of climate change–terrestrial feedbacks is essential to predict future regional/global carbon and water budgets, which can be used to develop potential strategies for forest management. In this study, totally 11 years of eddy covariance tower measurements of CO2 and H2O fluxes, as well as the relevant environmental...
Topics: Carbon fixation, Extreme weather events, Forest, Water-use efficiency
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by Chen, Kefei, 1959-; Xiao, G. (Guozhen), 1934-; International Workshop on Progress on Cryptography (2004 : Shanghai, China)
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Progress on Cryptography: 25 Years of Cryptography in China Author: Kefei Chen Published by Springer US ISBN: 978-1-4020-7986-3 DOI: 10.1007/b116807 Table of Contents: Randomness and Discrepancy Transforms Legendre Sequences and Modified Jacobi Sequences Resilient Functions with Good Cryptographic Properties Differential Factoring for Integers Simple and Efficient Systematic a-Codes from Error Correcting Codes On Coefficients of Binary Expression of Integer Sums A New Publicly Verifiable Proxy...
Topics: Computer security, Cryptography
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the 1990s, the Chinese government began implementation of a series of national-scale restoration programs to combat environmental degradation. As one of most important arid and semiarid regions of China, the Loess Plateau has attracted attention related to the effectiveness of these initiatives. The present study analyzed land use and cover change (LUCC) of the grassland in the Loess Plateau and the consequent change in net primary productivity (NPP) based on a consecutive land use data...
Topics: Green-for-Grain Project (GGP), Human activities, Land use and cover change (LUCC), Loess Plateau,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chengcheng Ye; Yibo Yang; Xiaomin Fang; Hanlie Hong; Chaowen Wang; Rongsheng Yang; Weilin Zhang
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The Eocene-Oligocene climate transition (EOCT) at ~34 Ma is a pronounced environmental reorganization that occurred in the Cenozoic era and has been extensively studied via marine archives. However, to date, there is still a less well-dated continental record across the EOCT, which can mostly be attributed to a lack of suitable proxies used in the varied continental settings in terms of sedimentary facies, provenance and climate, thus resulting in a poor understanding of the continental...
Topics: Clay mineral, Crystallinity, Fe/Mg ratio, Global cooling, Qaidam Basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chengming You; Fuzhong Wu; Wanqin Yang; Zhenfeng Xu; Bo Tan; Li Zhang; Kai Yue; Xiangyin Ni; Han Li; Chenhui Chang; Changkun Fu
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Nutrient resorption from senescing leaves is an important process of internal nutrient cycling in plants, but the patterns of nutrient resorption and the coupled relationship between nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in plant leaves as affected by N deposition remain unclear. We analysed the effects of N addition on the nutrient resorption and coupled relationship between N and P in plant leaves under different nutrient-limited conditions based on a global meta-analysis. Globally, the mean N...
Topic: Plant nutrition regime
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Environmental problems that seriously affect both natural systems and social development of human beings have drawn extensive attention from governing authorities all around the world, and become an urgent issue to be addressed. Ports play a significant role in the international shipping which inevitably influence the global environment. Thus, the concept of green port is developed to mitigate the negative impacts of inappropriate port operations on environment. This paper analyzes the current...
Topics: Green port development, Maritime transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenlu Li; Yongmei Lu; Jianing Liu; Xiaoxu Wu
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Dengue Fever (DF) has become one of the most serious infectious diseases in China. Dengue virus and its vector (Aedes mosquito) are known to be sensitive to climate condition. Climate impacts DF through affecting three essential bioecological aspects: DF virus, vector (mosquito) and DF transmission environment. Weather-based DF model, mosquito model and climate model are the three pillars to help the prediction of DF distribution. Through a systematic review of literature between 1980 and 2017,...
Topics: China, Climate change, Dengue fever, Projection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Carbon emission reduction (CER) comes to be the principle in most countries particularly China, the largest carbon emitter. For finding an efficient solution, the priority is to find the key impact factors (KIFs) of carbon emission. Previous studies for identifying KIFs, which partially selected only a few potential impact factors (PIFs), are inconsistent in their findings. This study aims to explore the KIFs of carbon emission in China among 43 PIFs, which comprehensively covers 30 relevant...
Topics: CER, China, Climate change, KIFs, PIFs, STIRPAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chong Li; Yongjun Shi; Guomo Zhou; Yufeng Zhou; Lin Xu; Liang Tong; Xiang Liu
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Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) is a very important forest resource in subtropical China, and it has excellent carbon sequestration potential, and can play an important role in mitigating climate change. The international community has gradually recognized the benefits of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) forest carbon sequestration mechanisms, and the areas available for the development of forest carbon sinks have greatly expanded. Therefore, in this...
Topics: Fertilization, Harvesting, Moso bamboo forest, Optimized management model, REDD+, Soil carbon sink
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher Exley; Gea Guerriero; Xabier Lopez
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We contend that silicic acid is a much under-valued molecule and specifically in the context of its role in establishing and maintaining life on Earth. Silicic acid can also be an ill-understood molecule with its chemistry all too often confused with that of either silicates or silica. Herein we (i) provide a working definition for silicic acid; (ii) identify its omnipresent role in biochemical evolution in excluding aluminium from biota and providing adventitious benefits through biological...
Topics: Aluminium in biology, Biological silicification, Climate change, Hydroxyaluminosilicates, Mineral...
Exploring the effects of orographic events and climatic shifts on geographic distribution of organism in the Hengduan Mountains Region (HMR) and its eastern adjacent area is crucial to the understanding of the environmental changes to organismal evolution. To gain further insight into these processes, we reconstruct evolutionary history of ten species in Allium section Sikkimensia, distributed across regions abovementioned. Using chloroplast and nuclear sequence variation of 79 populations of...
Topics: Allium section Sikkimensia, Environmental changes, Hengduan Mountains Region, Morphological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chun Guo; Jixuan Liao; Xin Zheng; Zhenhua Zhang; Xiaofeng Chen; Kun Yang; Mingnian Wang
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The purpose of this paper is to evaluate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of a Chinese highway tunnel in the life cycle. Life cycle assessment (LCA) method is adopted in the paper. Based on rock mass classification and pavement categories, five different functional units have been proposed for the first time. The system boundaries, processes and assumptions are defined. The study results indicate: 1) the GHG emissions of a double-track four-lane Chinese highway tunnel in 100 years can be up to...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Highway tunnel, Life cycle assessment, Rock mass grade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chun Lai Zhang; Qing Li; Ya Ping Shen; Na Zhou; Xue Song Wang; Jiao Li; Wen Ru Jia
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Aeolian desertification, one of the most serious environmental issues, has hampered socioeconomic development on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). However, research on aeolian desertification in this region has been limited. To develop a set of science-based preventive measures to mitigate desertification in this region, it is first necessary to clarify the status, evolution, and driving factors of aeolian desertification. In this study, based on extensive field investigations and a current...
Topics: Aeolian desertification, Driving force, Landsat images, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Spatial-temporal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Green Infrastructure (GI) is considered to be an innovative stormwater management approach that offers numerous other environmental benefits including reduction in air pollution and climate change mitigation compared with conventional gray infrastructures, and it has been gradually accepted and used worldwide. This review mainly focuses on the hydrological aspect of GI and provides a summary of the knowledge about GI as a stormwater management alternative. In this review, we discuss the...
Topics: Application and implementation, Barrier and strategy, Green infrastructure (GI), Innovate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chunping Xie; Mengqi Bai; Xiaolei Wang
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The transport sector is attracting increasingly attention in the context of climate change and sustainable development, for its rapidly growing demand for energy and heavy reliance on oil products. Especially in China, where the demands for transportation are tremendous and ever-increasing, it is worthy to explore the provincial variations in energy efficiency in the transport sector, in order to enhance energy efficiency and to promote energy savings in this sector. By using stochastic...
Topics: Energy efficiency, Energy-saving potential, Stochastic frontier analysis, Transport sector
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chunyan Liu; Zhisheng Yao; Kai Wang; Xunhua Zheng; Baoguo Li
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To assess the contributions of fiber and cereal production on climate change, the net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), main exchanges of non-CO 2 carbon, and methane (CH 4 ) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O) fluxes were continuously monitored throughout two year-round crop cycles (Y1 and Y2: 1 st and 2 nd year-round crop cycles, respectively) using eddy covariance, biometric observation, and static chamber methods in typical cotton and wheat–maize rotational cropping systems in China....
Topics: Extreme weather, Methane, Net ecosystem exchange, Net ecosystem production, Nitrous oxide,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chunyan Wu; Yongfu Chen; Changhui Peng; Zhaochen Li; Xiaojiang Hong
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Accurate estimations of the aboveground biomass (AGB) of rare and endangered species are particularly important for protecting forest ecosystems and endangered species and for providing useful information to analyze the influence of past and future climate change on forest AGB. We investigated the feasibility of using three developed and two widely used models, including a generalized regression neural network (GRNN), a group method of data handling (GMDH), an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference...
Topics: Female, Forest regeneration, Male, Rare and endangered tree species
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by Colmenarez, Antonio J. (Antonio José); Xiong, Ziyou; Huang, Thomas S., 1936-
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Facial Analysis from Continuous Video with Applications to Human-Computer Interface Author: Antonio J. Colmenarez, Ziyou Xiong, Thomas S. Huang Published by Springer US ISBN: 978-1-4020-7802-6 DOI: 10.1007/b101848 Table of Contents: Introduction Information-based Maximum Discrimination Face and Facial Feature Detection Face and Facial Feature Tracking Face and Facial Expression Recognition 3-D Model-based Image Communication Implementations, Experiments and Results Application in an...
Topics: Human-computer interaction, Image processing, Computer vision
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study predicts the probabilities of achieving the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission targets set by the Paris Agreement and the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the top ten CO2 emitters (TTCE). The TTCE are China, USA, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia based on their emission trends over 1991–2015 period. The methods of trend extrapolation and back propagation (BP) neural networks are used in this paper to overcome the weakness...
Topics: CO2 emission, Climate change, Energy consumption, Paris Agreement, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cong Wang; Delei Kong; Shuwei Liu; Xuhui Zhang; Xiaoyu Liu; Jianwen Zou; Shuqing Li; Genxing Pan
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Both elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and rising temperature can alter soil methane (CH 4 ) fluxes, leading to a feedback to climate change. However, predicting this feedback needs to understand the microbial mechanisms involved in CH 4 emissions driven by climate change. A 3-year field measurement of CH 4 fluxes from rice paddies was taken in 2012–2014 to examine their responses to elevated CO 2 (enriched up to 500 μmol mol −1 ) and rising canopy air temperature (above ambient...
Topics: CH 4, Elevated CO 2, FACE, Global warming, Methanogenic archaea, Rice paddy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cuixia Gao; Bin Su; Mei Sun; Xiaoling Zhang; Zhonghua Zhang
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The energy supply–demand security and climate change has continued to be problematic, making it significant and necessary to investigate embodied energy flow, particularly in a large and fast-growing developing country like China. One of the effective approaches is the energy/emissions embodied in bilateral trade (EEBT) aiming to locate the destination of energy bi-directionally to evaluate how energy flow between producer and consumer sectors. However, in addition to the flow of energy and...
Topics: China, Communities, Complex network theory, EEBT, Primary energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cunjuan Lv; Xusheng Li; Zhiyong Han; Yong Wang; Yuwen Zhou; Mengyao Jiang; Qianqian Yang; Zhiwei Xu; Shuangwen Yi; Huayu Lu
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The Hunshandake Sandy Land, which is highly sensitive to climate change, is located in North China along the margins of the area influenced by the East Asian monsoon. The upper reach of the Xilamulun River, which drains the Hunshandake Sandy Land, provides an opportunity to test the response of a river landform within a sandy region to climate change. We investigated terraces at 4 sites along a 38-km-long stretch and performed OSL dating on 26 terraces. The dating results revealed 23 terraces...
Topics: East Asian monsoon, Fluvial terrace, Hunshandake Sandy Land, OSL dating
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Da Huo; Lina Sun; Libin Zhang; Xiaoshang Ru; Shilin Liu; Hongsheng Yang
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Economically important marine organisms face severe environmental challenges, such as high temperature and low dissolved oxygen, from global climate change. Adverse environmental factors impact the survival and growth of economically important marine organisms, thereby negatively influencing the aquaculture industry. However, little is known about the responses of sea cucumbers to combined environmental co-stressors till now. In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was...
Topics: Metabolomics, Sea cucumber, Thermal, UPLC
Multiple environmental stressors caused by global warming influence the regulation of proteins involved in various biological processes in aquatic organisms. As an important component of the marine ecosystem, sea cucumber is a suitable echinoderm species for researching stress responses. In this study, we have investigated the proteomic response of respiratory trees in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus, challenged with environmental stresses by using the iTRAQ technique. Results showed...
Topics: Anoxia, Climate change, Echinoderms, Holothurian, Proteome, Thermal, iTRAQ
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dailiang Peng; Chaoyang Wu; Xiaoyang Zhang; Le Yu; Alfredo R. Huete; Fumin Wang; Shezhou Luo; Xinjie Liu; Helin Zhang
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Land surface phenology, especially spring phenology, has been reported as a powerful indicator of ecosystem responses to climate change. It also exerts strong control on the carbon, water and energy balances and, hence, climatic feedbacks. Researchers have produced numerous spring phenology products from various coarse-resolution remote sensing data at regional or global scales. Scaling up observations of spring phenology from plot-level (or finer resolution) to coarser resolution is important...
Topics: Scale effecting, Scale up, Spring phenology, Validation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sand-stabilization, the most important ecological service provided by desert and desertified lands, can alleviate severe wind erosion of soil and is induced by both climate change and human activities. However, with a lack of related data, few studies have focused on the spatial differences in driving factors of sand-stabilization services at a large scale. The present study, based on climatic and socioeconomic data, employed Inner Mongolia as a study area and assessed different climatic and...
Topics: Inner Mongolia, Quantitative identification, RWEQ, Sand-stabilization service
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dali Wu; Xinxing Xu; Yanling Chen; Hui Shao; Eldad Sokolowski; Guohua Mi
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Maize growth in Northeast China is suffering from climate change (seasonal drought, cold springs) and low nutrient use efficiency caused by one-time fertilization. Drip fertigation is widely used in vegetable and fruit plant production, yet an efficient, practicable and cost-effective drip fertigation system is lacking for maize production. A two-year field experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of different drip fertigation methods for increasing maize yield, and water and nutrient...
Topics: Partial fertilizer productivity, Soil type, Subsurface drip fertigation, Surface drip fertigation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dan Liu; Philippe Ciais; Xianzhou Zhang; Gensuo Jia; Mingguo Ma; Yaoming Ma; Miaogen Shen; Shilong Piao
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The grassland ecosystems in Tibetan Plateau (TP) and Inner Mongolia (IM) of China play important roles in climate change mitigation and food and livestock production. These two regions have increasingly experienced higher temperatures and changing precipitation regimes over the past three decades. However, it remains uncertain to what extent rising temperature and varying precipitation regulate the water and carbon fluxes across alpine (TP) and temperate (IM) grasslands. Here, we first optimize...
Topics: Climate change, Grassland, Inner Mongolia, ORCHIDEE model, Tibetan Plateau
The broad spectrum of environmental protection technologies and their health effects have increased concern about path dependency and the “lock-in” effect. This study focuses on China's coal-fired power plants and their air pollution control technologies, due to the challenge of technology deployment in this sector. Our analysis found that there is a dominant technology scheme of air pollution control in the sector. Alternative schemes with better Net Present Value (NPV) exist beyond the...
Topics: Coal-fired power plant, Cost-benefit analysis, Monte-Carlo simulation, Technology diversity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Conde; Sebastián Solari; Daniel de Álava; Lorena Rodríguez-Gallego; Natalia Verrastro; Christian Chreties; Ximena Lagos; Gustavo Piñeiro; Luis Teixeira; Leonardo Seijo; Javier Vitancurt; Hector Caymaris; Daniel Panario
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Sand barrier complex dynamics play a key role in defining coastal lagoon structure and functioning. Artificial manipulation of these dynamics for biased reasons (e.g., controlling floods, improving fisheries) aggravates conflicts between stakeholders and introduces potential threats to their conservation. This is the case at Laguna de Rocha, Uruguay, a protected area with international recognition, where the sand barrier opening has been the focus of a long-term conflict. A cooperative effort...
Topics: Conservation, Ecology, Flooding, Geomorphology, Hydrology, Protected lagoon, Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danlu Cai; Klaus Fraedrich; Yanning Guan; Shan Guo; Chunyan Zhang; Xiuhua Zhu
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To quantify how urbanization induced long-term changes have altered the evolution of urban climate, a novel eco-hydrological diagnostic is introduced and applied globally, to a developing and a developed country (China and US-America). Urban areas are (i) geographically identified by remote sensing based nighttime light, (ii) physically embedded in state spaces spanned by suitable combinations of surface energy and water fluxes comprising the rainfall-runoff chain, and (iii) dynamically...
Topics: Climate and anthropogenic induced changes, Developing and developed countries, Rainfall-runoff...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dapeng Feng; Yi Zheng; Yixin Mao; Aijing Zhang; Bin Wu; Jinguo Li; Yong Tian; Xin Wu
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Water resources in coastal areas can be profoundly influenced by both climate change and human activities. These climatic and human impacts are usually intertwined and difficult to isolate. This study developed an integrated model-based approach for detection and attribution of climatic and human impacts and applied this approach to the Luanhe Plain, a typical coastal area in northern China. An integrated surface water-groundwater model was developed for the study area using GSFLOW (coupled...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal area, Groundwater, Human activities, Integrated surface water-groundwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debin Fang; Xiaoling Zhang; Qian Yu; Trenton Chen Jin; Luan Tian
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The fact that global warming will bring impact on immigration, agriculture and also generate human conflicts is becoming a focus in climate change topic and the forecasting of carbon dioxide emission has been attracting much attention. In this paper, we proposed an improved Gaussian processes regression method for carbon dioxide emission forecasting based on a modified PSO algorithm which can efficiently optimize the hyper parameters of covariance function in the Gaussian processes regression....
Topics: CO2 emission, Forecasting, Gaussian process regression, Particles swarm optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debo Zhao; Shiming Wan; Xuefa Shi; Peter D. Clift; Ryuji Tada; Jie Huang; Xuebo Yin; Renqiang Liao; Xingyan Shen; Anchun Li
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High resolution multi-proxy records, including geochemical and grain-size data from detrital sediments of IODP Site U1429 in the northern Okinawa Trough, provide reliable evidence for constraining sediment source and transport processes. They also allow silicate weathering and erosion controlled by sea-level change and East Asian summer monsoon evolution since 34 ka to be reconstructed. Provenance proxies indicated that sediments in the northern Okinawa Trough were mainly supplied by the Yellow...
Topics: Clay minerals, Climate change, East China Sea, Elements geochemistry, Northern Okinawa Trough,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dedi Liu; Shenglian Guo; Quanxi Shao; Pan Liu; Lihua Xiong; Le Wang; Xingjun Hong; Yao Xu; Zhaoli Wang
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Human activities and climate change have altered the spatial and temporal distribution of water availability which is a principal prerequisite for allocation of different water resources. In order to quantify the impacts of climate change and human activities on water availability and optimal allocation of water resources, hydrological models and optimal water resource allocation models should be integrated. Given that increasing human water demand and varying water availability conditions...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Flood limiting water levels, Hanjiang River, Impact assessment, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dengming Yan; Denghua Yan; Xinshan Song; Zhilei Yu; Dou Peng; Xu Ting; Baisha Weng
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The study aims to investigate the effects of different drought treatments on the distribution of soil nematode community under the background of global warming. Light drought, moderate drought, severe drought treatments and control plot were set in the experiment. Experimental results showed that a total of 32 genera of nematodes from 18 families were identified under the four drought treatments, including 13 genera of bacterivores, 10 genera of plant-parasites, 4 genera of fungivores and 5...
Topics: Agro-ecosystem, Diversity, Drought, Soil nematode
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dingyu Shen; Chenglong Ye; Zhengkun Hu; Xiaoyun Chen; Hui Guo; Junyong Li; Guozhen Du; Sina Adl; Manqiang Liu
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Nutrient amendment increases plant productivity but the effects and mechanisms on soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and stability remain unclear, especially in nutrient deficient alpine ecosystem. Here, based on an experiment combining nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) input continuously for 15 years, we found that nutrient amendment did not affect total SOC content, but increased mineral-associated C with decreasing soil aggregate stability. Despite increased total phospholipid fatty acid...
Topics: Aggregate stability, Carbon chemistry, Climate change, Microbial community, Nitrogen (N) and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and human activities have substantially changed hydrological and geomorphologic processes, particularly in upper mountainous catchments. The Jinsha River Basin (JRB), the uppermost region of the Yangtze River and the largest hydropower production region in China, was chosen to investigate the sediment load responses to climate variations and human activities. The non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and double mass curve were used to explore the spatial-temporal variations of...
Topics: Cascade reservoirs, Climate change, Discharge, Jinsha River, Sediment load, Three Gorges Reservoir
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dongmei Han; Guoqiang Wang; Baolin Xue; Tingxi Liu; Yinglan A; Xinyi Xu
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There has been increasing interest in grassland ecosystem degradation resulting from intensive human activity and climate change, especially in arid and semiarid regions. Species composition, grassland desertification, and aboveground biomass (AGB) are used as indicators of grassland degradation. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed variations in these three indicators of grassland degradation in semiarid grassland in North China, on multiple time scales. Since 1984, species composition...
Topic: Species composition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dongmei Han; Guoqiang Wang; Tingxi Liu; Bao Lin Xue; George Kuczera; Xinyi Xu
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A warming climate is expected to perturb the hydrological cycle, resulting in changes to both the frequency and duration of drought, especially in arid and semiarid grassland. Although considerable attention has been paid to the responses of key water fluxes to severe drought, few have explored the effects of prolonged drought on evapotranspiration (ET), its partitioning into vegetation transpiration (T) and soil evaporation (E), and its relationship with vegetation productivity. In this study,...
Topics: ET partitioning, Prolonged drought, Semiarid grassland, Underlying water use efficiency (uWUE),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dongxiao Zheng; Xiaoguang Yang; M. Inés Mínguez; Chenying Mu; Qing He; Xia Wu
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Climate change has already increased the occurrence of extreme temperature events, which has restricted the production and development of winter wheat. To evaluate the effects of freezing temperature and duration on winter wheat survival and grain yield, two years of controlled freezing experiments were conducted under different freezing temperatures and durations. Three freezing temperatures (T1, T2 and T3) were implemented in these experiments, and soil minimum temperatures of −14 °C,...
Topics: Freezing degree days, Freezing stress, Grain yield, Winter survival, Winter wheat
Desertification is a global threat to human beings, and effective desertification control requires an interdisciplinary approach to identify the pattern and evolution of sensitive areas. Based on the ESA (Environmental Sensitive Areas) principles and real desertification conditions in North China, the Land Desertification Sensitivity Index (LDSI) was constructed to identify the pattern of areas sensitive to desertification in 1981–2010 as well as their evolution under different climate change...
Topics: Evolution, Land desertification, North China, Pattern, Sensitivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fahu Chen; Jianhui Chen; Wei Huang; Shengqian Chen; Xiaozhong Huang; Liya Jin; Jia Jia; Xiaojian Zhang; Chengbang An; Jiawu Zhang; Yan Zhao; Renhe Zhang; Jianbao Liu; Aifeng Zhou; Song Feng
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The ‘westerlies-dominated climatic regime’ (WDCR) in the present interglacial period was proposed because precipitation/moisture variations between arid central Asia and mid-latitude monsoonal Asia are out-of-phase or anti-phased on different timescales during the Holocene. In this study. we first review the development of the theoretical framework of the WDCR, and then outline the boundary of its core area: from the Caspian Sea in the west to the western Hexi Corridor in the east, with the...
Topics: Core area of WDCR, Holocene, Silk Road pattern (SRP), Westerlies Asia and Monsoonal Asia,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fang Yan; Jingcai Lü; Dahu Zou; Baolin Zhang; Zhiyong Yuan; Haipeng Zhao; Song Huang; Gang Wei; Xue Mi; Wei Xu; Shu Chen; Jie Wang; Feng Xie; Minyao Wu; Hanbin Xiao; Zhiqiang Liang
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Overexploitation, habitat destruction, human-driven climate change and disease spread are resulting in the extinction of innumerable species, with amphibians being hit harder than most other groups [1]. Few species of amphibians are widespread, and those that are often represent complexes of multiple cryptic species. This is especially true for range-restricted salamanders [2]. Here, we used the widespread and critically endangered Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) to show how...
Clay dunes are characterized by a relatively high content of silt and clay and are typically developed on the lee side margin of closed-basins in arid and semi-arid areas. Although they are widely distributed aeolian landforms on Earth, little is known about their development and distribution in Asia. Our field investigations have identified for the first time the occurrence of clay dunes in the Alashan Plateau, north China. The clay dunes occur in three isolated lowland areas of the Suhongtu...
Topics: Alashan Plateau, Clay dunes, Grain-size, Migration rates, Sediment source
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fangwen Bao; Tianhai Cheng; Ying Li; Xingfa Gu; Hong Guo; Yu Wu; Ying Wang; Jinhui Gao
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As an important part of the anthropogenic aerosol, Black Carbon (BC) aerosols in the atmospheric environment have strong impacts on climate change. Recently, most remote sensing studies on aerosol components detection are limited to the inversion of aerosol optical properties, integration of chemistry models or in situ observations. In this paper, an algorithm based on Effective Medium Approximations (EMA) and statistically optimized aerosol inversion algorithm was integrated for retrieving the...
Topics: Air pollution, Black carbon concentration, Satellite remote sensing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fangyuan Yu; Tiejun Wang; Thomas A. Groen; Andrew K. Skidmore; Xuefei Yang; Keping Ma; Zhifeng Wu
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Biodiversity loss and variation in species responses to climate and land use change have been found across broad taxonomic groups. However, whether species from the same taxonomic group with distinct geographical ranges will respond differently is poorly understood. The aim of this study is to predict the potential impacts of future climate and land use change on the distribution of narrow- and wide-ranging Rhododendron species, and estimate their relative contribution in China. We applied the...
Topics: Alpine and subalpine species, Conservation, Extinction risk, Geographical range, Range shift
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fei Chen; Qinggui Wang; Honglin Wang; Binbin Huang; Ziming Hong; Guanhua Dai; Xingbo Zheng; Tong Liu
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As the important pathway for soil carbon (C) fluxes from terrestrial ecosystems to the atmosphere, soil respiration (Rs) is strongly regulated by soil nitrogen (N) and water availability. Knowledge of the effect of soil N and moisture availability on Rs and its components (heterotrophic respiration (Rh) and autotrophic respiration (Ra)) is important understand soil C responses to climate change. Therefore, an 8-year field manipulation experiment to investigate the responses of Rs and its...
Topics: N addition, Precipitation reduction, Soil C cycle, Soil respiration