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Folkscanomy: A Library of Books

Folksonomy: A system of classification derived from the practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content; this practice is also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, social indexing, and social tagging. Coined by Thomas Vander Wal, it is a portmanteau of folk and taxonomy.

Folkscanomy: A collection of books and text derived from the efforts of volunteers to make information as widely available as possible. Because the metadata related to these scanned books are often done outside the library or cataloging industries, finding material can be more difficult. The Folkscanomy collection attempts to add a layer of classification for easier navigation.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Kaurin; R. Mihelič; D. Kastelec; H. Grčman; D. Bru; L. Philippot; M. Suhadolc
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Climate change causes droughts, which in turn cause significant physiological stress for soil microorganisms. In this study, we investigated how the abundance of total bacterial, crenarchaeal and fungal communities and the abundance of N-cycling microbial guilds responded to a severe agricultural drought event in a long-term experiment of minimum tillage (MT) and conventional ploughing (CT) at two soil depths. Drought, defined as a reduction of soil water content and increased soil temperature,...
Topics: Ammonia-oxidising archaea, Ammonia-oxidising bacteria, Climate change, Conservation agriculture,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aaron C. Greenville; David B. Lindenmayer; John W. Morgan; Dean Heinze; Graeme R. Gillespie; Luke Einoder; Alaric Fisher; Jeremy Russell-Smith; Daniel J. Metcalfe; Peter T. Green; Ary A. Hoffmann; Glenda M. Wardle
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An unprecedented rate of global environmental change is predicted for the next century. The response to this change by ecosystems around the world is highly uncertain. To address this uncertainty, it is critical to understand the potential drivers and mechanisms of change in order to develop more reliable predictions. Australia's Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) has brought together some of the longest running (10–60 years) continuous environmental monitoring programs in the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, ILTER, LTERN, Long-term monitoring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Over 25% of Mississippi River delta plain (MRDP) wetlands were lost over the past century. There is currently a major effort to restore the MRDP focused on a 50-year time horizon, a period during which the energy system and climate will change dramatically. We used a calibrated MRDP marsh elevation model to assess the costs of hydraulic dredging to sustain wetlands from 2016 to 2066 and 2016 to 2100 under a range of scenarios for sea level rise, energy price, and management regimes. We...
Topics: Climate change, Energy modeling, Marsh creation, Oil prices, River diversions, Wetland restoration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Albert Galera-Prat; David Pantoja-Uceda; Douglas V. Laurents; Mariano Carrión Vázquez
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Bacterial cellulases are drawing increased attention as a means to obtain plentiful chemical feedstocks and fuels from renewable lignocellulosic biomass sources. Certain bacteria deploy a large extracellular multi-protein complex, called the cellulosome, to degrade cellulose. Scaffoldin, a key non-catalytic cellulosome component, is a large protein containing a cellulose-specific carbohydrate-binding module and several cohesin modules which bind and organize the hydrolytic enzymes. Despite the...
Topics: Biofuels, Cellulosome, CipA, Climate change, Cohesin, Linker, NMR spectroscopy, Scaffoldin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexis K. Mills; John P. Bolte; Peter Ruggiero; Katherine A. Serafin; Eva Lipiec; John Stevenson; Chad Zanocco; Denise Lach
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Coupled models of coastal hazards, ecosystems, socioeconomics, and landscape management in conjunction with alternative scenario analysis provide tools that can allow decision-makers to explore effects of policy decisions under uncertain futures. Here, we describe the development and assessment of a set of model-based alternative future scenarios examining climate and population driven landscape dynamics for a coastal region in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. These scenarios incorporated coupled...
Topics: Climate change adaptation planning, Coastal community resilience, Coastal flooding, Coastal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Air travel has been highlighted as a key environmental behaviour contributing to climate change. Given this, there is a surprising lack of theory-based research aimed at identifying factors that underpin motivation to reduce the number of flights taken. This study explored whether an extended theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model could be usefully applied to identify significant predictors of intentions to reduce the number of flights taken for leisure, holidays or to visit family or friends....
Topics: Air travel, Climate change, Pro-environmental behaviour, Self-identity, Theory of planned behaviour
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allyson Williams; Shahbaz Mushtaq; Louis Kouadio; Brendan Power; Torben Marcussen; David McRae; Geoff Cockfield
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Modelling cotton production at the farm-scale provides insight into the importance of water management options in adapting to climate change, especially given the renewed focus of government policies on irrigation water access and allocations. Using an irrigated cotton farm in southern Queensland as a case study, we investigated two possible adaptation strategies in response to changes in water resources from projected climate change (CSIRO Mk3.5, A1FI scenario). The modelled farm produced...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change policy, Cotton, Farming systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In order to adapt civil infrastructure to changing climate conditions, quantifiable and deep uncertainties must be integrated into the decision-making process. The quantifiable uncertainties, i.e. variability for which a likelihood can be defined, are typically integrated into the management process by considering the reliability or risk level of a structure. The deep uncertainties, i.e. the variability for which a likelihood cannot be defined, are beginning to be integrated in the decision...
Topics: Adaptation, Bridge management, Climate change, Flexibility, Robust optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Luísa Maulvault; Vera Barbosa; Albert Serra-Compte; Ricardo Alves; Pedro Pousão Ferreira; Damià Barceló; Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz; Rui Rosa; Mário Diniz; António Marques
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The presence of antidepressants, such as venlafaxine (VFX), in marine ecosystems is increasing, thus, potentially posing ecological and human health risks. The inherent mechanisms of VFX uptake and elimination still require further understanding, particularly accounting for the impact of climate change-related stressors, such as warming and acidification. Hence, the present work aimed to investigate, for the first time, the effects of increased seawater temperature (ΔT°C = +5 °C) and pCO 2...
Topics: Antidepressant, Bioaccumulation, Climate change, Emerging contaminants, Fish, Venlafaxine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andra Blumberga; Gatis Bazbauers; Pål I. Davidsen; Dagnija Blumberga; Armands Gravelsins; Toms Prodanuks
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The need for substitution of fossil resources with renewable alternatives, for an efficient use of the bio-resources, and for the development of knowledge-intensive sustainable economies call for the design of policies to create and govern biotechonomic systems. The goal of this study is to create a tool to facilitate such policy design, - aimed at the development of biotechonomic systems by use of a system dynamics model. This model constitutes a general framework for the representation of...
Topics: Bio-economy, Bio-resources, Biotechonomy, Climate change, Renewable sources, Sustainability, System...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anteneh G. Dagnachew; Paul L. Lucas; Andries F. Hof; Detlef P. van Vuuren
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Access to electricity services is fundamental to development, as it enables improvements to the quality of human life. At the same time, increasing electricity access can have notable consequences for global climate change. This paper analyses trade-offs and synergies between achieving universal electricity access and climate change mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa, using the IMAGE-TIMER integrated assessment model. For this purpose, we analysed developments in a number of indicators that...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Electricity access, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Asma Hadjou Belaid; Sandrine Maurice; Hélène Fréville; David Carbonell; Eric Imbert
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Climate change is a growing threat for global biodiversity, in particular for narrow endemic species. The Mediterranean region, which harbors an exceptional biodiversity, has been identified as one of the most sensitive regions to climate change. Based on a 22-year monitoring period, we analyzed the dynamic and viability of the six extant populations of a narrow endemic plant species of the Mediterranean area, Centaurea corymbosa, to predict their fate under two climatic scenarios. We...
Topics: Centaurea corymbosa, Climate change, Conservation, Extinction risk, Long-term survey, Matrix...
Coral bleaching and various human stressors have degraded the coral reefs of the Comoros Archipelago in the past 40 years and rising atmospheric CO2 levels are predicted to further impact marine habitats. The condition of reefs in the Comoros is poorly known; using SCUBA based methods we surveyed reef condition and resilience to bleaching at sites in Grande Comore and Mohéli in 2010 and 2016. The condition of reefs was highly variable, with a range in live coral cover between 6% and 60% and...
Topics: Artisanal fisheries, Climate change, Coral bleaching, Pollution, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Baojing Gu; Xiaotang Ju; Xinyue Ye; Yiyun Wu; Jan Willem Erisman; Albert Bleeker; Stefan Reis; Mark A. Sutton; Shu Kee Lam; Pete Smith; Oene Oenema; Rognvald I. Smith; Xuehe Lu; Deli Chen
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Biosphere carbon sinks are crucial for reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration to mitigate global warming, but are substantially affected by the input of reactive nitrogen (Nr). Although the effects of anthropogenic CO2 emission and nitrogen deposition (indicated by Nr emission to atmosphere) on carbon sink have been studied, it is unclear how their ratio (C/N) changes with economic development and how such change alters biosphere carbon sinks. Here, by compiling datasets for...
Topics: CO2 emission, Carbon sink, Climate change, Economic development, Nitrogen deposition, Stoichiometry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benjamin Crost; Claire Duquennois; Joseph H. Felter; Daniel I. Rees
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Using unique data on conflict-related incidents in the Philippines, we exploit seasonal variation in the relationship between rainfall and agricultural production to learn about the mechanism through which rainfall affects civil conflict. We find that an increase in dry-season rainfall leads to an increase in agricultural production and dampens conflict intensity. By contrast, an increase in wet-season rainfall is harmful to crops and produces more conflict. Consistent with the hypothesis that...
Topics: Civil conflict, Climate change, Rainfall
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Blesson M. Varghese; Alana Hansen; Peng Bi; Dino Pisaniello
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Rationale: There is increasing concern about occupational illness, injury and productivity losses due to hot weather in a changing climate. Most of the current understanding appears to relate to heat-induced illness, and relatively little regarding injuries. Objectives: This paper sought to summarise the evidence on the relationship between heat exposure and injuries, to describe aetiological mechanisms and to provide policy suggestions and further research directions. Methods: A literature...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental temperature, Health and safety, Heat stress, Occupational injuries,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bradley E. Suther; David S. Leigh; George A. Brook; Lin Hai Yang
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Paleodischarge estimates based on the slope-area method and channel boundaries determined from stratigraphic cross-sections indicate that large, terminal Pleistocene meandering paleochannels (“mega-meanders”) in river valleys of the southeastern Atlantic Coastal Plain of the United States represent bankfull flows that were at least double the magnitude of those on modern rivers. Correlation of radiocarbon- and luminescence-dated paleomeanders with previously reported pollen and eolian...
Topics: Bankfull flow, Carolina, Climate change, Discharge, Georgia, Late Pleistocene
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by C. Duarte; J. M. Navarro; P. A. Quijón; D. Loncon; R. Torres; P. H. Manríquez; M. A. Lardies; C. A. Vargas; N. A. Lagos
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A decline in salinity caused a reduction in clearance rates, absorption efficiency and scope of growth and an increase in excretion rates. Meanwhile, the projected rise in pCO 2 reduced excretion rates and its interaction with a salinity decline resulted in higher oxygen uptake in an ecologically and economically important species.
Topics: Climate change, Energetic physiology, Mussels, Salinity, pCO2
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carlos Tirado; Daniel Trujillo; Jaime Pizarro-Araya; Fermín M. Alfaro; Sylvana González; Miguel A. Carretero
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There is an increasing contribution of ecophysiology in community ecology and climate change contexts. As such, functional patterns under extreme water and temperature restrictions in deserts can provide inference of the responses of small ectotherms to climate change. However disentangling the interactive effects between both factors requires experimental evidence. Here we took advantage of a flowering desert episode promoting a population bloom in Gyriosomus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)...
Topics: Activity, Climate change, Deserts, Functional response, Thermoregulation, Water loss
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chao Guo; Yuzhen Ma; Hongwei Meng; Caili Hu; Dandan Li; Jierui Liu; Congwen Luo; Kai Wang
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High-resolution palynological analyses of the sediment of Yamzhog Yumco Lake can potentially provide new insight into vegetation change and climate dynamics of the southern Tibetan Plateau over the past 2000 years. The chronology, presented herein, is based on 210Pb and AMS 14C dates from the macro-remains of plants. Reconstruction of vegetation types, temperature and moisture indices indicate that the vegetation was alpine meadow, under relatively wet and cool conditions, from approximately...
Topics: Climate change, Late Holocene, Little ice age, Medieval warm period, Pollen, Southern Tibetan...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlotte Rachael Hopkins; David Mark Bailey; Tavis Potts
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cheuk Hei Marcus Tong; Steve Hung Lam Yim; Daniel Rothenberg; Chien Wang; Chuan Yao Lin; Yongqin David Chen; Ngar Cheung Lau
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Anthropogenic climate change has been increasingly confirmed by weather observation and scientific literature in recent decades. Atmospheric stability, which has strong effects on vertical mixing of air pollutants and thus air quality, may be affected under climate change. This study aims to statistically assess the impacts of climate change alone on the future air quality in the Pearl River Delta region in the near future (2030–2039) and the far future (2090–2099) under two Representative...
Topics: Air quality, Climate change, Generalized linear models, Trans-boundary air pollution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cheuk Hei Marcus Tong; Steve Hung Lam Yim; Daniel Rothenberg; Chien Wang; Chuan Yao Lin; Yongqin David Chen; Ngar Cheung Lau
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Air pollution is an increasingly concerning problem in many metropolitan areas due to its adverse public health and environmental impacts. Vertical atmospheric conditions have strong effects on vertical mixing of air pollutants, which directly affects surface air quality. The characteristics and magnitude of how vertical atmospheric conditions affect surface air quality, which are critical to future air quality projections, have not yet been fully understood. This study aims to enhance...
Topics: Air quality, Climate change, Generalized linear models, Principal component regression,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Quantifying the potential influence of climate change on future landslide hazard requires methodologies that allow to properly take into account nonstationarities in the hydro-meteorological causes. In this paper we provide a methodology for estimating return period of landslide triggering under climate change. The methodology capitalizes on the combined use of a stochastic rainfall generator and a hydrological and slope stability model. The stochastic rainfall generator takes into account the...
Topics: Climate Change, Landslides, Monte Carlo simulation, Regional climate models, Stochastic models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan; D. Scott Rinnan
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Many species undergo significant shifts in population distribution in response to changes in climate. This response can introduce a species to new competition from invasive organisms, or influence the dynamics of an otherwise balanced ecosystem. How can a species ensure its own survival while dealing with both interspecific competition and the effects of climate change? We examine a two-species discrete-time, continuous-space population model to determine conditions for coexistence and criteria...
Topics: Average dispersal success, Climate change, Competition, Integrodifference equation, Moving habitat...
This study explores how to facilitate the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion from a two-sided market platform competition. We develop a stylized model depicting the platform competition between electric and gasoline vehicles by combining indirect network effects of consumer and energy supplier sides as well as vehicle manufacturers’ profits. The findings of this study provide several meaningful strategic and policy implications for EV manufacturers and policymakers who wish to enhance EV...
Topics: Carbon strategies, Climate change, Electric vehicle, Energy costs, Low-carbon policy, Two-sided...
Wind and snow are major environmental loads that are often considered in the design of buildings and infrastructure. To ensure safety of existing structures and to develop guidelines for future developments, it is important to evaluate how these design loads will be impacted by the anticipated climate change. This study evaluates projected changes to selected return levels of wind speed and snow water equivalent (SWE) and associated wind pressure and ground snow loads across Canada for the...
Topics: Building codes, Canada, Climate change, Extremes, Snow load, Wind pressure
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug; Dag Myrhaug
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The purpose of this discussion is to demonstrate how a formula used by Zhai et al. (2018) can be utilized to estimate the sea-air fluxes of biogenic gases based on wind statistics. Results are exemplified using long-term mean wind speed statistics from the northern North Sea.
Topics: Climate change, Mean wind speed statistics, Sea-air exchange, Sea-air flux
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Predicting how rapid climate change will affect terrestrial biota depends on a thorough understanding of an organism's biology and evolutionary history. Organisms at their range boundaries are particularly sensitive to climate change. As predominantly terrestrial poikilotherms, insects are often geographically limited by extremes in ambient temperatures. We compared the cold hardiness strategies of two geographically widespread butterflies, the pine white, Neophasia menapia, and the Mexican...
Topics: Climate change, Geographic range, Lower lethal temperature, Neophasia, Pinus, Supercooling point
The urban environment is very concerned by network failures. These failures are propagating risks in area generally considered as non-vulnerable. There are various causes of possible disruptions in critical infrastructure networks (CIs), such as natural hazards, technological hazards, accidents, human errors and terrorism. However, in the last years it became harder to identify the possible failures of complex networks and to forecast their effects on the urban environment. New challenges such...
Topics: Cascading effects, Climate change, Critical infrastructure networks, Resilience strategies, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dan H. Shugar; John J. Clague; Mauri J. McSaveney
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Two adjacent glaciers in the Chugach Mountains of south-central Alaska have markedly different histories on decadal to perhaps centennial timescales. Sheridan Glacier has advanced and retreated hundreds of metres during the latest Holocene. Its recent fluctuations have markedly altered local base level of Sherman River, which drains Sherman Glacier and flows into Sheridan Lake. Sheridan Glacier advanced to its greatest extent during the Little Ice Age, raising base level of Sherman River and...
Topics: Alaska, Climate change, Glacial geomorphology, Glaciation, Glacier-dammed lake, Holocene,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dan Liu; Philippe Ciais; Xianzhou Zhang; Gensuo Jia; Mingguo Ma; Yaoming Ma; Miaogen Shen; Shilong Piao
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The grassland ecosystems in Tibetan Plateau (TP) and Inner Mongolia (IM) of China play important roles in climate change mitigation and food and livestock production. These two regions have increasingly experienced higher temperatures and changing precipitation regimes over the past three decades. However, it remains uncertain to what extent rising temperature and varying precipitation regulate the water and carbon fluxes across alpine (TP) and temperate (IM) grasslands. Here, we first optimize...
Topics: Climate change, Grassland, Inner Mongolia, ORCHIDEE model, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danial Khojasteh; Seyed Mahmood Mousavi; William Glamore; Gregorio Iglesias
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Climate change can bring about destructive effects (e.g., rising temperatures, heavy rains and droughts) to countries worldwide, severely influencing future growth and degrading the quality of life. Asia, which is home to the majority of the world's population, is particularly vulnerable to these impacts. Asian countries are responsible for more than half of the global CO2 output and renewable energy production is limited. Unabated climate change may endanger previous economic developments and...
Topics: Asia, China, Climate change, Ocean energy, Renewable energy, Wave energy converter, Wave power
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel A. Spring; Luke Croft; Nick R. Bond; Shaun C. Cunningham; Ralph Mac Nally; Tom Kompas
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When freshwater resources become scarce there is a trade-off between human resource demands and environmental sustainability. The cost of conserving freshwater ecosystems can potentially be reduced by implementing institutional reforms that endow environmental water managers with a permanent water entitlement and the capacity to store, trade and release water. Australia's Murray Darling Basin Plan (MDBP) includes one of the world's most ambitious programs to recover water for the environment,...
Topics: Climate change, River red gum, Storage releases, Water entitlements, Water trading
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Butchart-Kuhlmann; Sven Kralisch; Melanie Fleischer; Markus Meinhardt; Alexander Brenning
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Assessing the quantity and quality of water available in water stressed environments under various potential climate and land-use changes is necessary for good water and environmental resources management and governance. We present a novel approach with which to assess water quantity in the Luanginga basin, a subbasin of the upper Zambezi River, using existing results of hydrological modelling based on climate change scenarios, hydrological indicators, and multicriteria decision analysis....
Topics: Climate change, Decision support systems, Environmental flow components, Hydrology, Indicators of...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel C. Steinberg; David A. Bielen; Aaron Townsend
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Prior studies of the U.S. electricity sector have recognized the potential to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by substituting generation from coal-fired units with generation from under-utilized and lower-emitting natural gas-fired units; in fact, this type of “re-dispatch” was invoked as one of the three building blocks used to set the emissions targets under the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. Despite the existence of surplus natural gas capacity in the U.S.,...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Electricity, Energy modeling, Natural gas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Groß; Annabell Zander; Adam Boethius; Stefan Dreibrodt; Ole Grøn; Anton Hansson; Catherine Jessen; Satu Koivisto; Lars Larsson; Harald Lübke; Björn Nilsson
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During the Early and Mid-Holocene significant changes in the ecology and socio-cultural spheres occurred around the Baltic Sea. Because of the underlying climatic changes and thus environmental alterations, the area was the scene for various cultural developments during the period under investigation. In the course of the melting of the glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age, isostatic and eustatic movements caused continual changes to the Baltic Sea basin. Changes in water level, however,...
Topics: Archaeology, Baltic sea basin, Climate change, Ethnoarchaeology, Holocene, Human-environment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan; Daniel L. Shawhan
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From the simulation results of the Energy Modeling Forum's recently completed project on US greenhouse gas emission mitigation policies, this paper estimates and examines welfare effects of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) pricing policies, fuel and technology cost changes, higher electricity demand growth, and limited nuclear generator lifetimes. Eight of the models in the study reported outputs sufficient to estimate damage from CO 2 , sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NO X ), and methane, and...
Topics: Co-benefits, Electric power sector simulation modeling, Emission health effects, Environmental...
Transition pathways have attracted increasing interest as a useful analytical lens through which to capture the interlocking processes, patterns, and directions that might constitute substantial movement toward sustainability. While recent research has elaborated the political character of pathways, there is still room to further scrutinize the role of critical choices and branching points in defining diverging pathways. Contributing to the growing body of research on pathways, this study...
Topics: Branching points, Climate change mitigation, Critical choices, Pathways, Socio-technical transitions
Habitat connectivity is the milestone towards species' long-term persistence, especially considering impacts of climate change and human activities. Here, we examined the potential implications of climate change and human pressure on connectivity among habitat patches, aiming to identify priority areas and potential corridors for elephant conservation. We used an ensemble modelling approach to evaluate the potential climatic distribution of the savannah elephants Loxodonta africana through...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological niche models, Loxodonta africana, Niche overlap, Range dynamics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniele Paganelli; Alessandra Pandolfi; Renato Sconfietti; Agnese Marchini; Lorenzo Vilizzi
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In the context of biological invasions, freshwater aquatic invertebrates represent one of the most successful groups of organisms. At the same time, the secondary hydrographic system of a river catchment acts as a preferential pathway for the dispersion of Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) to nearby ecosystems. The present study investigates the macrozoobenthos assemblage inhabiting 13 representative semi-natural streams of the secondary hydrographic system of the southern course of the River Ticino...
Topics: AS-ISK, Climate change, Fresh water, Non-native species, SBCI index, Southern River Ticino
Climate change projections forecast an intensification of the precipitation regime for many regions of the globe, including central North America, with fewer, larger events interspersed between longer periods devoid of rain or snow. This shift has the potential to affect the carbon cycling of peatland ecosystems, including the flux of methane from the peat. We conducted a field manipulation experiment where irrigation treatments were used to simulate different seasonal rainfall regimes. The...
Topics: Carbon balance, Carbon cycle, Climate change, Methanogenesis, Mire, Northern peatland, Plant...
Climate change will have long-lasting effects on the availability of fresh water on small, carbonate islands that have isolated fresh groundwater lenses, particularly as sea level rises and rainfall regimes shift. The carbonate islands of the Florida Keys provide an ideal location to study the effect of variable rainfall on the aqueous geochemistry of the islands' groundwater. In a rainfall-driven carbonate system, the expectation is that limestone dissolution will occur within the vadose zone...
Topics: Carbonate islands, Climate change, Florida Keys, Freshwater lens, Salinity gradient
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms; Danilo Harms
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Southwestern Australia is one of the global biodiversity hotspots. Like many other hotspots, comparatively few data are available explaining speciation patterns in endemic animal lineages, which hampers conservation efforts and a deeper understanding of how diversity is generated and maintained. I investigated the phylogeographic structure of an ancient arachnid species, the pseudoscorpion Pseudotyrannochthonius giganteus Beier, 1971, endemic to the mesic eucalypt forests of southwestern...
Topics: Arachnida, Biodiversity hotspot, Cryptic speciation, Historic climate change, Mesic biota,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dapeng Feng; Yi Zheng; Yixin Mao; Aijing Zhang; Bin Wu; Jinguo Li; Yong Tian; Xin Wu
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Water resources in coastal areas can be profoundly influenced by both climate change and human activities. These climatic and human impacts are usually intertwined and difficult to isolate. This study developed an integrated model-based approach for detection and attribution of climatic and human impacts and applied this approach to the Luanhe Plain, a typical coastal area in northern China. An integrated surface water-groundwater model was developed for the study area using GSFLOW (coupled...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal area, Groundwater, Human activities, Integrated surface water-groundwater...
Significant research attention has been given to understanding the entanglements of culture and climate change in Indigenous communities for global and Australian contexts. Although there is a growing body of knowledge on the threats and vulnerabilities posed by climate change to Indigenous peoples and cultures, there is only modest substantive research on the ways that Australian Aboriginal people in remote, arid-zone communities observe, understand, experience, and act upon the changing...
Topics: Aboriginal Australians, Arid zone, Climate change, Mixed-methods
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Castells-Quintana; Maria del Pilar Lopez-Uribe; Thomas K.J. McDermott
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This paper looks at adaptation to climate change from the point of view of (poor) households. Since the development literature has firmly established the role of weather risk as a source of income volatility for the poor, and climate change is expected to increase this risk, we review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. We ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The concept of adaptation constraints has become well known in the climate change literature. It describes impediments to the process of adaptation that could in principle be overcome but often are not. Many adaptation constraints have been identified and described in the literature across a wide range of contexts, and the importance of their influence on climate change adaptation is clear. However most studies have focussed on describing constraints rather than exploring their origins,...
Topics: Adaptation deficit, Adaptive capacity, Climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Pervasive misinformation about climate change might be reduced if colleges were to include the topic within general education curriculum. This paper analyzes the general education (or “core”) curriculum in the top 100 universities and liberal-arts colleges in the U.S. to assess the proportion of core courses that highlight climate change or climate science. The probability that a student takes at least one climate-change course via the core curriculum is estimated at 0.17 across all...
Topics: Climate change, Climate denialism, Climate science, Core curriculum, Higher education,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The provision of many ecosystem services depends on the spatial pattern of land use across multiple landowners. Even holding land use constant, ecosystem service provision may change through time due to climate change. This paper develops an auction mechanism that implements an optimal solution for providing ecosystem services through time with multiple landowners who have private information about the net benefits of alternative uses of their land. Under the auction, each landowner has a...
Topics: Asymmetric information, Auctions, Climate change adaptation, Conservation planning, Ecosystem...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Pulido-Velazquez; Antonio Juan Collados-Lara; Francisco J. Alcalá
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Climate change will modify the availability of groundwater resources in the future. Thus the evaluation of average aquifer recharge from precipitation, and its uncertainty, becomes a key subject in determining suitable countrywide water policies. The confident prediction of renewable groundwater resources requires an accurate evaluation of aquifer recharge over time and space, especially in large territories with varied conditions for aquifer recharge such as continental Spain. This study asses...
Topics: Aquifer recharge, Climate change scenarios, Continental Spain, Hydrological impacts
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Bowling; Barry A. Logan; Koen Hufkens; Donald M. Aubrecht; Andrew D. Richardson; Sean P. Burns; William R.L. Anderegg; David P. Eiriksson
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Temperate and boreal conifer forests are dormant for many months during the cold season. Climate change is altering the winter environment, with increased temperature, altered precipitation, and earlier snowmelt in many locations. If significant enough, these changes may alter patterns of dormancy and activity of evergreens. Here we studied the factors limiting photosynthetic activity of a high-elevation subalpine forest that has undergone substantial warming in recent decades. We tested the...
Topics: Abies lasiocarpa, Climate change, Conifer, Picea engelmanii, Pinus contorta, Xylem temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler; David R. Butler
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The Anthropocene embodies the concept of human impacts on the natural environment, but disagreements exist as to when to identify its inception/starting date. In this paper I illustrate that regardless of the proposed starting date of the Anthropocene, important zoogeomorphic impacts were initiated at each of these proposed starting dates. Humans have profoundly altered geomorphic pathways through extinctions and the near-extirpation of native populations of animal species that strongly...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Exotic species, Zoogeomorphology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change impacts lead to alterations in migration patterns and the displacement of exposed native communities and peoples in the Arctic region, forcing them to leave their homes and traditional ways of life as a result of rapid local ecological changes. This paper illustrates climate-related displacements and subsequent relocation as extremely complex processes, and proposes traditional knowledge as a relevant source of knowledge both at local level and policy making spheres. The main...
Topics: Arctic, Climate change, Climate migration, Displacement, Traditional knowledge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash; David W. Cash
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While numerous indicators may point to an optimism about a global transition to a carbon-free world, that transition can occur down divergent possible roads, driven by how the following questions about the future are answered today: Will the transition be equitable enough? Will the transition be fast enough? Will the transition be driven by 21st Century institutions and governance, or will it be stuck in the 20th Century? Lessons learned from the last century's fossil fuel system and the last...
Topics: Climate change, Energy equity, Energy transition, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debjani Sihi; Eric A. Davidson; Min Chen; Kathleen E. Savage; Andrew D. Richardson; Trevor F. Keenan; David Y. Hollinger
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Heterotrophic respiration (Rh), microbial processing of soil organic matter to carbon dioxide (CO2), is a major, yet highly uncertain, carbon (C) flux from terrestrial systems to the atmosphere. Temperature sensitivity of Rh is often represented with a simple Q10 function in ecosystem models and earth system models (ESMs), sometimes accompanied by an empirical soil moisture modifier. More explicit representation of the effects of soil moisture, substrate supply, and their interactions with...
Topics: Climate change, DAMM, FöBAAR, Q10, Soil carbon, Soil respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debo Zhao; Shiming Wan; Xuefa Shi; Peter D. Clift; Ryuji Tada; Jie Huang; Xuebo Yin; Renqiang Liao; Xingyan Shen; Anchun Li
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High resolution multi-proxy records, including geochemical and grain-size data from detrital sediments of IODP Site U1429 in the northern Okinawa Trough, provide reliable evidence for constraining sediment source and transport processes. They also allow silicate weathering and erosion controlled by sea-level change and East Asian summer monsoon evolution since 34 ka to be reconstructed. Provenance proxies indicated that sediments in the northern Okinawa Trough were mainly supplied by the Yellow...
Topics: Clay minerals, Climate change, East China Sea, Elements geochemistry, Northern Okinawa Trough,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Decai Gao; Frank Hagedorn; Junqiang Zheng; Lei Zhang; Jun Liu; Jianfei Sun; Bo Peng; Zhenzhen Fan; Ping Jiang; Edith Bai
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Global climate change is altering snow depth in winter, which could significantly affect soil respiration and microbial communities. However, belowground responses are still uncertain as they depend on the thermal effects on soils, the acclimation of soil microbial communities and ecosystem type. Here, we conducted a snow manipulation experiment including 50% removal of snowpack (mean snow depth after treatment was 3.1 ± 0.7 cm), ambient snow (mean snow depth was 6.3 ± 0.7 cm), and 50%...
Topics: Acclimation, Climate change, Snow cover, Snow manipulation, Soil CO2 effluxes, Winter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dedi Liu; Shenglian Guo; Quanxi Shao; Pan Liu; Lihua Xiong; Le Wang; Xingjun Hong; Yao Xu; Zhaoli Wang
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Human activities and climate change have altered the spatial and temporal distribution of water availability which is a principal prerequisite for allocation of different water resources. In order to quantify the impacts of climate change and human activities on water availability and optimal allocation of water resources, hydrological models and optimal water resource allocation models should be integrated. Given that increasing human water demand and varying water availability conditions...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Flood limiting water levels, Hanjiang River, Impact assessment, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Free-living biological N2 fixation (BNF) in soil, litter and moss is an important pathway for external nitrogen (N) inputs to unmanaged terrestrial ecosystems. However, how free-living BNF responses to temperature, moisture and their interaction have not been well understood, especially in the subtropical regions. Here we investigated the responses of BNF in soil, litter and moss to temperature (15, 25 and 35 °C) and moisture (low, intermediate and high levels) over a one-week period under...
Topics: Biological nitrogen fixation, Climate change, Karst forest, Litter, Moss, Soil
Under the Paris Agreement, countries submitted nationally determined contributions (NDCs) including their GHG emission reduction targets and mitigation measures. Around 175 Parties have mentioned in their NDCs to reduce energy sector emissions by increasing the share of renewable energy in the energy mix. Dissemination of renewable energy requires substantial investment and low and middle-income developing countries tend to present conditional targets assuming external support, therefore...
Topics: Climate change, Developing countries, GGGI, NDCs, Renewable energy investment
Global firms are increasingly adopting greenhouse gas mitigation targets in response to climate change. These targets serve as a spur for carbon mitigation initiatives, provide guidelines to select appropriate mitigation actions, and set the standards to measure the progress of the mitigation efforts. Despite their important functionalities, firm-level mitigation targets have rarely been studied. In this paper we aim to provide a comparative view on mitigation targets set by global firms across...
Topics: Climate change, Developing countries, Firm, Mitigation target, Renewable energy, Sustainable...
Replacing dark conventional roofs with more reflective “cool” roofs has been proposed as a method to lower urban air temperatures. Many meteorological studies have simulated potential cool roof air temperature reductions. However, economic and logistical challenges make it difficult to perform the large-scale demonstrations needed to verify these model results. This work assesses whether a neighborhood-scale cool roof demonstration could yield an observable air temperature change. We use...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Cool roofs, Urban heat island, Urban meteorology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diana Ivanova; Gibran Vita; Richard Wood; Carine Lausselet; Adina Dumitru; Karen Krause; Irina Macsinga; Edgar G. Hertwich
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As climate policy needs to address all feasible ways to reduce carbon emissions, there is an increasing focus on demand-side solutions. Studies of household carbon footprints have allocated emissions during production to the consumption of the produced goods, and provided an understanding of what products and consumer actions cause significant emissions. Social scientists have investigated how attitudes, social norms, and structural factors shape salient behavior. Yet, there is often a...
Topics: Carbon intensity, Climate change mitigation, Consumer behavior, Determinants, Lock-In, Policy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diary Tenompitia Gaspard; Alejandro Venegas-González; Hans Beeckman; Josoa Ramarolanonana Randriamalala; Mario Tomazello-Filho; Maaike De Ridder; Tahiana Ramananantoandro
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Xerophytic thickets occur along the southwestern part of Madagascar. Although providing a wide variety of resources and services to the local population, this particular vegetation is subjected to deforestation. This study focuses on linking dendroclimatology and dendroecology by examining the spatial and temporal variability of the ecological growth conditions. Information from tree rings was retrieved, on one hand, to identify the problem of the limiting effects of past climate on growth and,...
Topics: Climate change, Dendroclimatology, Dendroecology in Africa, ENSO, Sea surface temperature, Xeric...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dickella Gamaralalage Jagath Premakumara; S. N.M. Menikpura; Rajeev Kumar Singh; Matthew Hengesbaugh; Albert Altarejos Magalang; Eligio T. Ildefonso; Maria Delia Cristina M. Valdez; Liz C. Silva
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Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is considered one of the serious environmental issues in the Philippines, with corresponding linkages to the climate change and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, methane (CH4) linked with indiscriminate dumping of municipal solid waste has received the much attention with regard to public health and climate change. The impacts of black carbon (BC) are less documented and understood. This paper aims to review the status of MSWM in the...
Topics: Black carbon (BC), Climate change, Greenhouse gases (GHGs), Municipal solid waste management...
Energy security is a complex issue that arises as one of the main concerns for most of the countries when regarding the future. In this sense, given the acknowledged lack of future-oriented studies in this field, this article performs a prospective analysis of the energy security of a national energy system. This is done through a novel methodological framework combining Life Cycle Assessment and Energy Systems Modelling. In particular, the recently proposed Renewable Energy Security Index...
Topics: Climate change, Electricity, Energy security, Energy systems modelling, Renewable power
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dimitrios Eleftheriou; Kyriakos Kiachidis; Georgios Kalmintzis; Argiro Kalea; Christos Bantasis; Paraskevi Koumadoraki; Maria Eleni Spathara; Angeliki Tsolaki; Maria Irini Tzampazidou; Alexandra Gemitzi
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Climate change is one of the most challenging research topics during the last few decades, as temperature rise has already posed a significant impact on the earth's functions thus affecting all life of the planet. Land Surface Temperature (LST) is identified as a key variable in environmental and climate studies. The present study investigates the distribution of daytime and nighttime LST trends over Greece, a country in the Mediterranean area which is identified as one of the main...
Topics: Climate change, Diurnal temperature range, Greece, Land surface temperature (LST), Terra/aqua MODIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dingyu Shen; Chenglong Ye; Zhengkun Hu; Xiaoyun Chen; Hui Guo; Junyong Li; Guozhen Du; Sina Adl; Manqiang Liu
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Nutrient amendment increases plant productivity but the effects and mechanisms on soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and stability remain unclear, especially in nutrient deficient alpine ecosystem. Here, based on an experiment combining nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) input continuously for 15 years, we found that nutrient amendment did not affect total SOC content, but increased mineral-associated C with decreasing soil aggregate stability. Despite increased total phospholipid fatty acid...
Topics: Aggregate stability, Carbon chemistry, Climate change, Microbial community, Nitrogen (N) and...
Folkscanomy: Music
by DJAYBUDDAH RUN BKK
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01. THAITANIUM FT. SNOOP DOGG - WAKE UP (BANGKOK CITY) 02. DJ WHOOKID FT. NIPSEY HUSSLE, DABOYWAY, JAY PARK - LAS VEGAS (REMIX) 03. BIG CALO FT. NJ HENNESY - THINK ABOUT THAT 04. SONA ONE - BOZO 05. NIPSEY HUSSLE FT. KAYZABRO, AKLO - TOO MANY LADIES 06. JOE FLIZZOW - HAVOC Source: https://soundcloud.com/djaybuddahrunbkk/djwhookid-djaybuddah-dj-ono Uploader: DJAYBUDDAH RUN BKK
Topics: Soundcloud, video
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This research examines ways that climate change may alter the risk of flooding in cold regions focusing on changes in the flood regimes and changes and shifts in the dominant flood generating processes at 27 natural watersheds across Canada and the northern United States. Changes in flood regimes are examined using data from long term hydrometric reference streamflow gauging stations whose data record spans the past 100 years; stations included are considered to have good quality data and were...
Topics: Climate change, Flood events, Flood regimes, Peaks over threshold data, Seasonality
Climate change is a primary driver that alters water pollution hotspots in watersheds, which complicates the use of Best management practices (BMPs) for diffuse pollution mitigation strategies. The objective of this study is to evaluate future changes in BMPs on total phosphorus (TP) loads to the river system, depending on climate change. Current weather data were collected from 2000 to 2010 and future weather data from 2040 to 2050 were obtained from regional climate model simulations based on...
Topics: Best management practices, Climate change, Diffuse pollution, Multi-objective optimization, SWAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and human activities have substantially changed hydrological and geomorphologic processes, particularly in upper mountainous catchments. The Jinsha River Basin (JRB), the uppermost region of the Yangtze River and the largest hydropower production region in China, was chosen to investigate the sediment load responses to climate variations and human activities. The non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and double mass curve were used to explore the spatial-temporal variations of...
Topics: Cascade reservoirs, Climate change, Discharge, Jinsha River, Sediment load, Three Gorges Reservoir
The purpose of this study is to measure urban resilience through indicators related to urban function and to classify 232 cities in Korea with regard to climate variability. Urban functions were classified into basic, developmental, sustainable, and maintenance functions, and were measured using 25 indicators. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to integrate each function into a single value. Cluster analysis was applied to 232 cities in Korea and analyzed for the years 2000, 2005, and 2010....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate resilience, Resilience indicators, Urban function, Urban...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
by Dr. C. Ravichandran Dr. C. Kalaiselvan & Dr. T. Jayasankar
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Security and copyright protection are becoming important issues in multimedia applications and services. Digital picture embedded and extraction is a technology used for copyright protection of digital media. Here possession data knowledge known as QR-image (2D) is embedded into the digital media while not poignant its sensory activity quality. In case of any dispute, the second knowledge may be detected or extracted from the media and use as an indication of possession. This project proposes a...
Topics: Digital Video, Digital Embedding, Two-Dimensional Barcodes, QR Code, QR Code Features.