Introduction : Vienna and Chicago, a tale of two schools -- Old and new Vienna : the rise, fall, and rebirth of the Austrian school -- The imperialistic Chicago school -- Methodenstreit : should a theory be empirically tested? -- Gold vs. fiat money : what is the ideal monetary standard? -- Macroeconomics, the Great Depression, and the business cycle -- Antitrust, public choice, and political economy : what is the proper role of government? -- Who are the great economists? -- Faith and reason in capitalism -- The future of free-market economics : how far is Vienna from Chicago?