This article presents a general approach to the sources of Islamic
Theology/Kalam to those who wanted to see it in various doctrines in short.
Islamic Theology differs from other sciences in that Islamic Theology itself
has many schools and different doctrines. Therefore, identifying one or
several sources that apply to doctrines is not easy; This article presents
some sources belonging to theology schools, namely Mu’tazila and Ash’ara.
The research took into account several things, foremost: reference to the
original sources of each of Theologians. And to take as much objectivity as
possible, so that research does not support a sect against of another. We
mentioned in this article the founder of each sect/irka, the first scholars
who have an impact on the sect’s followers. Islamic Theology according
to definitions; advocates religion with rational evidence. Unfortunately,
while examining the sources; how much this definition is followed and how
much attention is paid to this principle can be discussed. This Article has
two main chapters. The first one deals with Muʿtazila and the second one
examines Ashʿari theology. The article gives a brief information about the
theologians of both sects with the importance and content of the works
are mentioned in the article.