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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding the key drivers that affect a decline of soil organic carbon (SOC) stock in agricultural areas is of major concern since leading to a decline in service provision from soils and potentially carbon release into the atmosphere. Despite an increasing attention is given to SOC depletion and degradation processes, SOC dynamics are far from being completely understood because they occur in the long term and are the result of a complex interaction between management and pedo-climatic...
Topics: Agricultural management, Decision support system, Land use, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kokou Adambounou Amouzou; John P.A. Lamers; Jesse B. Naab; Christian Borgemeister; Paul L.G. Vlek; Mathias Becker
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Climate change and variability challenge crop productivity and resource use efficiency in West Africa. Despite abundant research on climate change impact on crop yields and food security, little is known about climate change effects on the resource use efficiencies of the main staple crops in the dry savanna agro-ecological zone of northern Benin, West Africa. This study assessed the impact of climate change on water- and N-use efficiencies, and yields of maize and sorghum in the dry savanna of...
Topics: CERES-Maize, CERES-Sorghum, Climate change, Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister; Stefan Baumeister
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Even though air travel often provides the fastest transport option, it also has the highest climate impact. Especially on long-haul trips, an aircraft usually represents the only feasible option. Nevertheless, aircraft are more often used on short-haul routes as well. It is the short-haul flights that produce the highest emissions per passenger. These are also the ones that could be replaced the most easily by land-based transportation modes. This study investigates the greenhouse gas emissions...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Modal shift, Short-haul flight, Train, Travel time
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang; Kuok Ho Daniel Tang
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Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ádám Kertész; Loránd Attila Nagy; Boglárka Balázs
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Land Use and Land Cover Changes (LULCC) are interrelated with other global processes like global climate change, population growth, land degradation etc. Land use structure of a given area, region is adapted to the requirements of human society since the appearance of human beings. Land use structure is understood as the proportion of land use types orruring in a given area. The objective of the paper is to analyse land use changes in Lake Balaton catchment, Hungary and to present the role of...
Topics: Lake Balaton, Land degradation, Land use change, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ariane L. Beck; Sohum Chitalia; Varun Rai
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In order to help mitigate climate change and reduce the health-related consequences of air pollution, consumers need to be empowered to make better and more effective decisions regarding energy use. Utilities, government, and commercial entities offer numerous programs and consumer products to help individuals set or reach goals related to energy use. Many of these interventions and products have related apps that use gamification in some capacity in order to improve the user experience, offer...
Topics: Gamification, Mobile app
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Weibel; Timo Ohnmacht; Dorothea Schaffner; Katharina Kossmann
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The aim of this study is to identify the factors involved in reducing meat consumption. Meat consumption is a major contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thus to climate change. Since meat consumption is a voluntary form of behavior, and since only 1.4 percent of the Swiss population are strict vegetarians, there is considerable potential for behavioral change. We propose an integrated and dynamic model based on a theory of planned behavior and a phase model of behavioral change to...
Topics: Behavioral change, Climate change, Meat consumption, Phase models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cameron Roberts; Bruno Turnheim; Andy Jordan
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Meeting the climate change targets in the Paris Agreement implies a substantial and rapid acceleration of low-carbon transitions. Combining insights from political science, policy analysis and socio-technical transition studies, this paper addresses the politics of deliberate acceleration by taking stock of emerging examples, mobilizing relevant theoretical approaches, and articulating a new research agenda. Going beyond routine appeals for more ‘political will’ it organises ideas and...
Topics: Accelerated transitions, Coalitions, Context dependency, Policy feedback, Political science,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change projections foresee an increasing number of intense precipitation events with consequent flash and riverine floods. An accurate and rapid mapping of these phenomena is a key component of effective emergency management and disaster risk reduction plans. Earth Observation big data such as the ones acquired by the Copernicus programme, are providing unprecedented opportunities to detect changes and assess economic impacts in case of disasters. This paper presents an innovative flood...
Topics: Flood index, Flood mapping, Multi-temporal statistics, SAR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saqib Shakeel Abbasi; Muhammad Zubair Anwar; Nusrat Habib; Qaisar Khan; Kanwal Waqar
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Changes in temperature and hydro-meteorological patterns in Indus basin due to climate change are believed to be impacting farming communities in different ways. From a gender perspective however, impacts of change vary from place to place, household to household and for individual members of the household due to a multiplicity of factors including expectation of individual members of a household to take additional responsibilities in difficult times. As an unavoidable coping strategy, the...
Topics: Gender role, Gender vulnerability, Indus Basin, Scale
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by H. S. Sidhu; M. L. Jat; Bruno Gerard; Yadvinder Singh; Ravneet Kaur Sidhu; Naveen Gupta; Parvinder Singh; Pankaj Singh; H. S. Jat
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The future of the South Asia's rice-wheat (RW) production system is at stake due to continuously depleting aquifers and increasing pressure on underground water under projected climate change scenario. Conventional management factors such as flood irrigation, intensive tillage and residue burning are threatening sustainability of RW system. With increasing adoption of conservation agriculture (CA), sub-surface drip fertigation (SSDF) provides an exceptional opportunity for complementing...
Topics: Conservation agriculture, Direct seeded rice, Fertigation, Irrigation water productivity, Lateral...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mei Wang; Jianghua Wu; Peter M. Lafleur; Junwei Luan; Huai Chen; Xinbiao Zhu
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We measured year-round landscape-scale methane (CH4) flux in a boreal bog from May 2014 to April 2016 using the eddy covariance technique. The objectives of the study were to investigate the controls on CH4 flux at different periods of the growing season and to quantify the annual CH4 flux budget. The daily average growing season water table (WT) ranged from -0.33 to −0.08 m in 2014 and from −0.36 to −0.08 m in 2015. Strong seasonal variability in the daily average CH4 fluxes was observed...
Topics: Climate change, Different time scales, Eddy covariance, Growing season, Non-growing season,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alnail Mohmmed; Jianhua Li; Joshua Elaru; Mohammed M.A. Elbashier; Saskia Keesstra; Cerdà Artemi; Kabenge Martin; Makomere Reuben; Zeben Teffera
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Agricultural productivity in rural areas is severely affected by climate variability, and this elevates the vulnerability of rural households to food insecurity. This study examines the socio-economic vulnerability of farmers who are susceptible to droughts in the five agricultural-based regions of Gadaref, Eastern Sudan. A survey was carried out in 500 households to collect data on socio-economic and livelihood indicators. The data analyzed from these indicators were used to generate the three...
Topics: Adaptive capacity, Drought, Exposure, Gadaref region, Sudan, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The climate system is indifferent as to the location of voluntary mitigation activities. Are people? Our artifactual online field experiment varies, for residents of a European Union member state, (1) whether the location of a real CO2 mitigation measure is made salient or not or (2) whether the salient location is in the European Union or in a developing country. Harnessing between- and within-subjects variation in our panel data and controlling for cost effectiveness, we find that subjects...
Topics: Climate change, Field experiment, Locational preferences, Mitigation, Online experiment, Public...
Climate change and human impacts are often implicated in Quaternary megafaunal extinctions. The discovery of associated remains of extinct giant short-faced bears (Arctodus simus) and invading brown bears (Ursus arctos) raises the possibility of competition as another potential factor. We describe fossil remains of both genera from Pellucidar Cave, Vancouver Island, Canada. Analyses of ancient mitochondrial DNA support the identifications of post-cranial brown bear specimens and assign these...
Topics: Biogeography, Morphology, Paleoecology, Quaternary extinctions, Ursidae, Vancouver Island, aDNA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Decision-making processes in the European Forest Sector are characterized by an enormous diversity in institutional and political framework conditions. In general, there is a clear need to improve policy integration and management approaches in order to deliver the competing ecosystem services demanded by society. The Special Issue “Models and tools for integrated forest management and forest policy analysis” originates from an initiative of Working Group 2 “Forestry modelling for...
Topics: "Climate change, Ecosystem services, Policy analysis, Decision-making methods, Decision...
Based on pollen data of 274 samples from a 550-cm core at Kelashazi Peat in the southern Altai Mountains within China, we reconstructed the Holocene vegetation dynamics and climatic change. The pollen assemblages and the associated biome scores indicate that the vegetation in Kelashazi valley was dominated by alpine meadows during the early Holocene (before ~8.2 cal. kyr BP)and by taiga forests in the middle Holocene (~8.2-~5.6 cal. kyr BP)that was followed by an expansion of alpine meadows...
Topics: Altai Mountains, Asian Arid Zone, Holocene climate change, Vegetation dynamics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ramzy Kahhat; Eduardo Parodi; Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos; Carlos Mesta; Ian Vázquez-Rowe
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Alluvial gold mining activities in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest are responsible for mercury emissions and deforestation. To understand related environmental impacts, specifically toxicity and climate change, this study uses Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Four predominant extraction systems were selected and modelled and three scenarios that reflect currently available gold recovery systems were modelled: amalgamation, amalgamation with mercury recovery through retort system and...
Topics: Amalgamation, Artisanal and small scale gold mining, Life Cycle Assessment, Mercury, Peru, Toxicity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lina María González-González; Diego F. Correa; Stephen Ryan; Paul D. Jensen; Steven Pratt; Peer M. Schenk
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The sustainable, efficient production of biofuel can lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, lowered climate change impact and increased security owing to the fulfilment of global energy demands. Microalgae have been shown as an attractive feedstock for renewable fuel production, such as biodiesel and biogas. To date, more effort has been put towards the production of biodiesel using the lipid contents in algal cells, while less attention has been placed on biogas production through...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biofuel, Biomethane, Biorefinery, Microalgae
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Climate change is the main issue for world for living all creatures, because of climate change global warming will happen. The reasons behind global warming are like carbon, carbon dioxide products, and non - environmental products etc. Global warming may stop by promoting non-carbon products like natural products, solar energy; wind energy etc. Natural fibers composites are useful to replace the carbon, synthetic products. From last few decades many researchers had done research on natural...
Topics: Castor oil plant, Composites, Impact strength, Natural fiber
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Due to climate change and human activities, drought frequency and its corresponding impact have intensified in many regions across China. Reservoirs are key in regulating streamflow and mitigating a drought's impact. Therefore, it is vital to analyze their drought mitigation ability. In this study, the drought adaptation capacity and drought resistance capacity of the reservoir are selected as two drought mitigation ability metrics to measure the effectiveness of a reservoir when facing a...
Topics: Drought adaptation capacity, Drought mitigation ability, Drought resistance capacity, Reservoir,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Daniel Bowden; Zaili Yang; Timothy Nichol; Delia Dimitriu; Geoff Clarke
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This paper aims to analyse the impacts of climate change to the current and predicted future situations of road transportation in the UK and evaluate the corresponding adaptation plans to cope with them. A conceptual framework of long-term adaptation planning for climate change in road systems is proposed to ensure the resilience and sustainability of road transport systems under various climate risks such as flooding and increased temperature. To do so, an advanced Fuzzy Bayesian Reasoning...
Topics: Adaptation measure, Bayesian networks, Climate change, Evidential reasoning, Risk analysis, Road...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paul Tobin; Nicole M. Schmidt; Jale Tosun; Charlotte Burns
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Prior to the 2015 Paris Conference of the Parties (COP), every state was requested to submit a pledge of their own design. To date, there has been a lack of large-n studies that provide a broad picture of these pledges. We employ Discourse Network Analysis to examine critically the climate pledges of all 162 actors at the Paris COP. Our research offers four main contributions. First, we provide data regarding the mitigation and adaptation components of every national pledge. Second, we identify...
Topics: COP 21, Climate change, Discourse Network Analysis, Negotiating groups, UNFCCC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diego Galafassi; Sacha Kagan; Manjana Milkoreit; María Heras; Chantal Bilodeau; Sadhbh Juarez Bourke; Andrew Merrie; Leonie Guerrero; Guðrún Pétursdóttir; Joan David Tàbara
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The search for decisive actions to remain below 1.5 °C of global temperature rise will require profound cultural transformations. Yet our knowledge of how to promote and bring about such deep transformative changes in the minds and behaviours of individuals and societies is still limited. As climate change unravels and the planet becomes increasingly connected, societies will need to articulate a shared purpose that is both engaging and respectful of cultural diversity. Thus, there is a...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jessica Grove-Smith; Vera Aydin; Wolfgang Feist; Jürgen Schnieders; Stefan Thomas
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Reliably reducing the emissions in the building sector plays a crucial role if the 1.5°C climate target from the Paris Agreement is to be met. The observed trends show a significant increase in building energy use, especially in emerging economies. Counteracting these trends is absolutely essential, especially in the light of urbanisation, population growth and changing lifestyles. In terms of mitigating the climate impact of buildings, ensuring high levels of efficiency (i.e. very low energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sylwia Śliwińska-Wilczewska; Agata Cieszyńska; Marta Konik; Jakub Maculewicz; Adam Latała
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Environmental changes, including hydrological modifications caused by global warming, are one of the major drivers of harmful cyanobacterial bloom expansion. The ecophysiological study of bloom-forming filamentous cyanobacteria Nodularia spumingena, Aphanizomenon sp. and Dolichospermum lemmermannii was conducted in a series of laboratory tests. Cyanobacterial cultures were grown at various combinations of environmental conditions (scenarios). These scenarios were combinations of irradiance in...
Topics: Algal culture, Autecology, Cyanobacterial bloom, Fluorescence, Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal; Shikha Lakhanpal
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Influenced by global concerns around climate change mitigation, reduction in carbon emissions and energy security, countries are increasingly focussing on increasing the share of renewable energy. Various national and provincial level authorities are aggressively promoting renewable energy expansion, resulting in new geographies of renewable energy. The expansion of renewable energy, particularly large-scale projects, is contingent upon access to natural resources. However, areas that have high...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lygia Therese Budnik; Ludwine Casteleyn
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Mercury plays a critical role in serious health problems due to environmental or occupational exposures. Aquatic ecosystems are an essential component of the global biogeochemical cycle of mercury, as inorganic mercury can5 be converted to toxic methyl mercury in these environments and reemissions of elemental mercury rival anthropogenic mercury releases on a global scale. The history of the Minamata disease, a typical example of industrial pollution, has shown how corporate secrecy and...
Topics: Environmental exposure, Health effects, Mercury emissions, Mercury pollution, Methyl mercury,...
To understand the changing relationships between commuting CO 2 emissions (CCE), travel behavior and urban forms, this paper provides a comparative study between the typical Chinese cities of Beijing (more developed) and Xi'an (rapidly developing). Further, the effects of metro services on reducing CCE were explored, and comparative analysis on CCE between the inner sprawling suburbs and outer suburbs was conducted. It was found that: (i) the increases in CCE are several times larger than the...
Topics: Beijing, China, Transport CO 2 emission by commuters, Travel pattern, Urban sprawl, Xi'an
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Iturbide; J. Bedia; S. Herrera; J. Baño-Medina; J. Fernández; M. D. Frías; R. Manzanas; D. San-Martín; E. Cimadevilla; A. S. Cofiño; J. M. Gutiérrez
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Climate-driven sectoral applications commonly require different types of climate data (e.g. observations, reanalysis, climate change projections) from different providers. Data access, harmonization and post-processing (e.g. bias correction) are time-consuming error-prone tasks requiring different specialized software tools at each stage of the data workflow, thus hindering reproducibility. Here we introduce climate4R, an R-based climate services oriented framework tailored to the needs of the...
Topics: CMIP5, Climate indices, Climatic change, Downscaling, NetCDF-java, Open science
Agriculture, and its impact on land, contributes almost a third of total human emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). At the same time, it is the only sector which has significant potential for negative emissions through offsetting via the supply of feedstock for energy and sequestration in biomass and soils. Perennial crops represent 30% of the global cropland area. However, the positive effect of biomass storage on net GHG emissions has largely been ignored. Reasons for this include the...
Topics: Above ground biomass, Below ground biomass, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Decomposition, Greenhouse gas...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann; Clemens Hoffmann
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This article identifies problematic tendencies in current analyses of the Middle East's energy relations. All social relations are frequently seen as determined by resource extraction, use and transfer, contributing to the uniquely instable social relations of the Middle East. Social structures despite being energy rich, are seen as incapable to react to old and new geopolitical crises and the effects of global climate change, adding to a picture of chronic underdevelopment and conflict. This...
Topics: Capitalism, Energy geopolitics, Middle East, Social relations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hakna Ferro-Azcona; Alejandro Espinoza-Tenorio; Rafael Calderón-Contreras; Victoria C. Ramenzoni; Maria de las Mercedes Gómez País; Maria Azahara Mesa-Jurado
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Establishing protected areas constitutes one of the main strategies for the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems. Increasing risks associated with environmental change along with highly degraded coastal ecosystems encompass complex management challenges for the long-term sustainability of these landscapes. This article aims to explore the role of protected areas in past and ongoing community adaptation to the compounded effects of climatic and anthropogenic change. A literature review...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Global change, Marine and coastal areas, Protected areas, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ara Jeong; Jae Il Lee; Yeong Bae Seong; Greg Balco; Kyu Cheul Yoo; Ho Il Yoon; Eugene Domack; Hyun Hee Rhee; Byung Yong Yu
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We measured meteoric 10Be variation throughout a marine sediment core from the Larsen B embayment (LBE) of the Antarctic Peninsula, and collected in situ 10Be and 14C exposure ages on terrestrial glacial deposits from the northern and southern margins of the LBE. We use these data to reconstruct Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to present deglaciation and ice shelf change in the LBE. Core sedimentary facies and meteoric 10Be data show a monotonic progression from subglacial deposits to sub-ice-shelf...
Topics: Antarctica, Cosmogenic isotopes, Deglaciation, Glacial geomorphology, Glaciation, In-situ 14C,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eugénio Rodrigues; Álvaro Gomes; Adélio Rodrigues Gaspar; Carlos Henggeler Antunes
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This paper presents a review on the application of neural networks for the estimation, forecasting, monitoring, and classification of exogenous environmental variables that affect the performance, salubrity, and security of cities, buildings, and infrastructures. The forecast of these variables allows to explore renewable energy and water resources, to prevent potentially hazardous construction locations, and to find the healthiest places, thus promoting a more sustainable future. Five research...
Topics: Atmospheric variables, Climate change, Geologic variables, Hydrologic variables, Neural network,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thanh Son Dao; Thi My Chi Vo; Claudia Wiegand; Ba Trung Bui; Khuong V. Dinh
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Climate change and human activities induce an increased frequency and intensity of cyanobacterial blooms which could release toxins to aquatic ecosystems. Zooplankton communities belong to the first affected organisms, but in tropical freshwater ecosystems, this issue has yet been poorly investigated. We tested two questions (i) if the tropical Daphnia lumholtzi is capable to develop tolerance to an ecologically relevant concentration of purified microcystin-LR and microcystins from...
Topics: Adaptation, Life history traits, Microcystins, Tolerance, Zooplankton
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The negative impacts of climate change on the environment and economic activities are increasingly obvious and relevant. Private response to this threat often proves to be inadequate. For example, empirical evidence reveals a sub-optimal investment by firms in energy efficiency projects capable of reducing energy costs and CO2 emissions, as well as adaptation projects able to reduce the vulnerability of the ecosystem. On the other hand, past public programs that provided financial subsidies to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Public-private partnership
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sizwe Thamsanqa Hlatshwayo; Onisimo Mutanga; Romano T. Lottering; Zolo Kiala; Riyad Ismail
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Developing models for estimating aboveground biomass (AGB) in naturally growing forests is critical for climate change modelling. AGB models developed using satellite imagery varies with study area, depending on the complexity of vegetation and landscape structure, which affects the upwelling radiance. We assessed the potential of SPOT-6 imagery in predicting AGB of trees planted at different time periods, using image texture combinations. Image texture variables were computed from the SPOT6...
Topics: Biomass estimation, Image processing techniques, Reforestation, SPOT-6 imagery, Texture combinations
In 2016, an intense drought occurred in the southeastern U.S. Dry conditions resulted in unprecedented wildfires throughout the southern Appalachian Mountains, especially in western North Carolina (WNC). Future climate change is expected to increase temperatures, alter precipitation, and stress water resources in the region, which could lead to more frequent drought and wildfire. The increasing threat of destructive wildfires combined with a growing wildland-urban interface indicate a need for...
Topics: Appalachia, GIS, Resilience, Vulnerability, Western North Carolina, Wildfire
The coastal region bordering the East coast of India is a thickly populated belt exposed to high risk and vulnerability from natural hazards such as tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclone frequencies that develop over the Bay of Bengal (average of 5–6 per year) region are much higher as compared to the Arabian Sea thereby posing a high risk factor associated with storm surge, inland inundation, wind gust, intense rainfall, etc. The Odisha State in the East coast of India experiences the highest...
Topics: Coastal Vulnerability Index, Inundation, Storm surges, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanan Cao; Jianshuang Wu; Xianzhou Zhang; Ben Niu; Meng Li; Yanjie Zhang; Xiangtao Wang
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Forage-livestock balance is important for sustainable management of alpine grasslands under global change, but the robustness of diverse algorithms for assessing forage-livestock balance is still unclear. This study compiled long-term (2009–2014) field observations of aboveground biomass (AGB). Using climate and remote sensing data, we evaluated the inter-annual dynamics of the forage-livestock balance on the Northern Tibetan Plateau (NTP). Here, we assumed that AGB dynamics in fenced...
Topics: Aboveground biomass, Climate change, Forage-livestock balance, Human activities, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper evaluated the total carbon stock of mangrove ecosystems in two contrasting sites: a fishing village in Delta Kelantan (DK) and Ramsar sites in Johor Park (JP). In both sites, aboveground carbon was significantly higher than belowground carbon, and stems contained more carbon than leaf and root partitions. The average carbon concentration of individual mangrove species (44.9–48.1%) was not significantly different but the larger biomass of the DK samples resulted in vegetation carbon...
Topics: Biomass, Johor Park, Peninsular Malaysia, Ramsar's site, Sediment
Over the next decades the ski tourism industry in the Alps must deal with two major challenges. First, demographic change will lead to aging skiers and declining skier demand. Second, climate change will result in a decreasing number of operating days and optimal ski days, reduced snow reliability and increasing operating costs in some destinations. Both impact factors cause a change in travel behavior of ski tourists. Effects on skier demand have been quantified for Austria, though not for the...
Topics: Adaptation measures, Climate change, Demographic change, Scenario development, Ski tourism economy,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Taklamakan Desert is a major dust source area for northwestern China. The history of aridification and sandstorm activity of the desert is recorded in the lacustrine sediments of the Lop Nur paleolake, on the eastern margin of the desert. In this study, we used accelerator mass spectrometry 14 C dating, the ln (Al/Ca) ratio, and the grain size of the non-biogenic fraction of sediment core KY01 taken from the center of Lop Nur to produce a ∼40 kyr record of local climate change. During...
Topics: Aridification, Dust activity, Lop nur paleolake, Northern hemisphere cold event, Northwestern...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ali Jamshed; Irfan Ahmad Rana; Usman Maqsood Mirza; Joern Birkmann
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Vulnerability and capacity assessment of hazard-prone communities is integral to the development of efficient disaster risk reduction strategies. Both concepts are known to be inter-linked and inter-dependent in disaster risk science as well as climate change adaptation literature. However, a holistic relationship between these two concepts is rarely studied which this research aims to assess by conducting an empirical study in Pakistan in the context of rural flooding. A total of 120 samples...
Topics: Capacity assessment, Climate change adaptation, Disaster risk reduction, Flood, Livelihood, Punjab,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mehdi Benyoussef Bisbis; Nazim Gruda; Michael Blanke
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This paper reviews climate change impacts on the production, physiology, yield, and product quality of vegetables affected by shifting CO 2 and O 3 concentrations, precipitation and temperature conditions, as well as subjected to extreme weather events. The emphasis is on the temperate cool climate of Western Europe. Physiological processes such as respiration and photosynthesis can acclimate to increasing atmospheric CO 2 and temperatures. The effect of increased CO 2 on vegetables is mostly...
Topics: CO 2, Climatic change, EU standards, External and internal quality, Ozone, Physiological processes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vincent Boudon; Trevor Sears; Pierre-François Coheur
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10.1016 j.jms.2018.04.005
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karl S. Zimmerer; Stef de Haan; Gisella S. Cruz-Garcia; Andrew D. Jones; Hilary Creed-Kanashiro; Milka Tello; Miluska Carrasco; Krysty Meza; Franklin Plasencia Amaya; Ramzi Tubbeh; Yolanda Jiménez Olivencia
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Multiple knowledge systems are crucial to understand human-environment interactions of the biodiversity of agriculture and food systems (agrobiodiversity). This article synthesizes these knowledge systems to formulate the novel Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework comprised of four themes: (1) ecology and evolution; (2) governance; (3) food, nutrition, and health; and (4) global environmental and socioeconomic changes. Resulting characterization of these knowledge themes, joined with...
Topics: Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework, Anthropocene, Biodiversity, Food systems, Global change,...
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A supportive policy and legal framework is critical for the implementation of interventions to mitigate climate change such as REDD+. This paper analyses Uganda's policies and laws, with the purpose of determining whether the policy issue, objectives of policies and laws provide for a supportive environment for REDD+ activities. The policies and laws analyzed include those indicated in Uganda's Readiness preparedness proposal and any other relevant public policies. The following questions...
Topics: Deforestation, Laws, Policies, REDD+, Uganda
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Garba Aliyu; Jiafa Luo; Hong J. Di; Stuart Lindsey; Deyan Liu; Junji Yuan; Zengming Chen; Tiehu He; Mohammad Zaman; Weixin Ding
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Calculated N 2 O emission factors (EFs) of applied nitrogen (N) fertilizer are currently based upon a single, universal value advocated by the IPCC (Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change) even though EFs are thought to vary with climate and soil types. Here, we compiled and analyzed 151 N 2 O EF values from agricultural fields across China. The EF of synthetic N applied to these croplands was 0.60%, on average, but differed significantly among six climatic zones across the country, with...
Topics: Climatic zone, Cropping system, Emission factor, Nitrous oxide, Soil properties
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding the spring phenology of temperate grasslands and its response to climate change are crucial for diagnosing the responses of ecosystem to regional climate change and projecting regional ecosystem carbon exchange. Using NDVI data from 1982 to 2015, this study investigated the changes of the start date of the vegetation growing season (SOS) for the temperate grasslands of China, and explored the possible effects of average monthly T max , T min and total precipitation on the SOS...
Topics: China, Climate change, NDVI, Spring phenology, Start of growing season, Temperate grasslands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Livestock production in peri-urban areas constitutes an important sub-sector of the agricultural production system in China, and contributes to environmental degradation and local air borne pollution contributing to smog. As a result, local policies are being implemented to safeguard the environment. However, there has been little attempt to quantify the impact of environmental policies on livestock production structure, spatial distribution and their related greenhouse gases (GHGs) and ammonia...
Topics: Climate change, Manure management, Mitigation option, Temporal and spatial variation, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maarten Christis; Koen Breemersch; An Vercalsteren; Evelien Dils
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Within national carbon footprints, households are responsible for bulk of the overall direct and indirect carbon emissions. Also, the wide spread in household characteristics (e.g. size, income, age)leads not only to different carbon footprints, but also includes an underlying difference in the contributions of the consumption domains. Therefore, it is essential that policies focussing on climate change mitigation should be customized to take into account these differences. In this study we...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Household budget survey, Household consumption, Input-output analysis
Cities around the world are gearing up to play a major role in climate change mitigation. However, concrete results – significant emissions reductions, expected from cities committed to mitigating climate change, are currently conspicuously absent. While there are several good practice guides available for large/mega cities there are little available for small and medium-sized ones (SMCs). In this paper the main research questions are, “When exploring local climate mitigation action among...
Topics: Climate action, Climate change mitigation, Climate policy, Good practice, Governing by enabling,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies; Ghada Mohammad Elrayies
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As a result of the growing global demand for energy, together with the depletion of resources and the growing emphasis on mitigating climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, an urgent need for an evolution of the renewable energy resources has emerged. On the architectural scene, we have become accustomed to seeing buildings incorporated with photovoltaics and wind turbines. Despite the great contribution of biomass as a clean energy producer, the integration of biomass into architecture is...
Topics: Biomass, Building-integrated photobioreactors, Flat-panel photobioreactor, Microalgae,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Samuel José Silva Soares da Rocha; Carlos Moreira Miquelino Eleto Torres; Laércio Antônio Gonçalves Jacovine; Helio Garcia Leite; Eduardo Monteiro Gelcer; Karina Milagres Neves; Bruno Leão Said Schettini; Paulo Henrique Villanova; Liniker Fernandes da Silva; Leonardo Pequeno Reis; José Cola Zanuncio
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Models to predict tree survival and mortality can help to understand vegetation dynamics and to predict effects of climate change on native forests. The objective of the present study was to use Artificial Neural Networks, based on the competition index and climatic and categorical variables, to predict tree survival and mortality in Semideciduous Seasonal Forests in the Atlantic Forest biome. Numerical and categorical trees variables, in permanent plots, were used. The Agricultural Reference...
Topics: Artificial intelligence, Prognosis, Tropical forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel; Rohinton Emmanuel
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Climate change will bring more heat extremes to the already warm tropical areas in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The resulting surge in cooling demand will only make the thermal discomfort in tropical cities even worse. This paper presents evidence to the approaching air conditioned cooling load deluge and shows why the air conditioned management of cooling load is particularly problematic in the tropics. It then presents the technical, institutional and cultural challenges to passive...
Topics: Cooling load, Thermal comfort, Tropical urban climate, Urban design, Urban heat island
Residual municipal solid waste (MSW) has an average lower heating value higher than 10 GJ/Mg in the EU, and can be recovered in modern Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants, producing combined heat and power (CHP) and reaching high levels of energy recovery. CHP is pinpointed as the best technique for energy recovery from waste. However, in some cases, heat recovery is not technically feasible – due to the absence of a thermal user (industrial plant or district heating) in the vicinity of the WtE...
Topics: Cogeneration, Electric efficiency, Life cycle assessment, Municipal solid waste, Plant size, R1
Terrestrial insects are responding to ongoing climate change. While these responses have been primarily linked to rising temperatures, insects are sensitive to desiccation, and the impacts of altered precipitation regimes remain relatively unexplored. Here, we develop a mechanistic model of survival and performance responses to both temperature and desiccation stress, focussing on Lepidoptera in Africa, where a general understanding of such responses to climate change is urgently required. We...
Topics: Butterfly, Climate change, Dehydration, Mechanistic model, Moth, Pest management, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Greening projects lead by civic actors at the urban scale spur transformation through example and through gradual adjustment of processes. Questions remain on how such projects are put into action and on what make them work. How do civic experiments reflect the ongoing change in urban governance and practices? We focus on a qualitative study of two greening initiatives lead by civic groups in Quebec City (Quebec, Canada). The case studies are analysed through the lens of theories that approach...
Topics: Civic action, Do-it-yourself urbanism, Experiments, Neighbourhood, Urban governance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in the timing, magnitude, frequency, and duration of extreme hydrologic events are becoming apparent and could disrupt species assemblages and stream ecosystems across the Northeastern United States. Between August 28 and 29 of 2011, an average of 31 cm of rain from Tropical Storm Irene fell across Eastern New York State in less than 24 h and caused historic flooding in numerous streams of the Catskill Mountain Region. Peak discharges exceeded the 0.01 annual exceedance probability...
Topics: Bioassessment, Climate change, Hydrology, Macroinvertebrates, Streams
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Khaki; E. Forootan; M. Kuhn; J. Awange; F. Papa; C. K. Shum
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Climate change can significantly influence terrestrial water changes around the world particularly in places that have been proven to be more vulnerable such as Bangladesh. In the past few decades, climate impacts, together with those of excessive human water use have changed the country's water availability structure. In this study, we use multi-mission remotely sensed measurements along with a hydrological model to separately analyze groundwater and soil moisture variations for the period...
Topics: Bangladesh, Data assimilation, GRACE, Groundwater storage, Hydrological modelling
A study of reproductive phenology and reproductive performance of the mangrove species Rhizophora stylosa was conducted in three estuaries spanning the southernmost 265 km of its known range on the east Australian coast. The timing of reproductive primordia, buds, flowers, fruit and propagule fall did not differ significantly over the latitudinal range of the study. Peak propagule fall occurred in April after a mean 19–20 months of development, only slightly longer than accounts for tropical...
Topics: Australia, Climate change, Latitudinal limit, Mangrove, Phenology, Reproduction, Rhizophora stylosa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Rita Almeida; Fátima Jesus; Jorge F. Henriques; Thayres S. Andrade; Ângela Barreto; Olga Koba; Pham Thai Giang; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Miguel Oliveira; Inês Domingues
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Climate change is expected to alter the dynamics of water masses, with consequent changes in water quality parameters such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration. DOC levels play a critical role in the fate of organic chemicals, influencing their bioavailability and toxicity to aquatic organisms. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of DOC, particularly humic acids (HA), in the toxicity of gemfibrozil (GEM) - a human pharmaceutical frequently detected in surface waters. Lethal and...
Topics: Biomarkers, Comet assay, Fibrates, Locomotor behaviour, Pharmaceuticals
The rapidly urbanizing cities in Southeast Asia experience increasing flood impacts due to the consequences of climate change. In these cities, policy efforts to build flood resilience are gaining momentum. The aim of this paper is to understand and assess flood resilience policy development, particularly in cities in developing countries. Bangkok is one of the cities that participates in the 100 Resilient Cities Programme (100RC) - the international policy platform for building resilient...
Topics: Bangkok, Developing country, Flood resilience, Flood risk management, Framing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Angappa Gunasekaran; Nachiappan Subramanian
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This editorial introduces the unique attributes of this special issue in the era of climate change, modern slavery, and big data. This special issue envisages the depth of penetration of sustainability, from strategy to the operations level, to understand the extent to which sustainability has attracted researchers and practitioners in dealing with various facets of operations management. Overall, it is encouraging to notice the research developments in all facets of operations management...
Topics: Analytics, Decision model, Sustainable operations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diana Ürge-Vorsatz; Karen C Seto
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10.1016 j.cosust.2018.07.004
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Forests are a critical resource, and need proper management in the face of dire climatic changes facing the world today. Advances in modelling system result in the formulation of numerous forest modelling approaches to provide an estimation of forests services. One such useful and straightforward forest modelling approach is process-based modelling, relying on physiological processes and biophysical parameters of forest ecosystems. It is based on parametric calculations and allometric...
Topics: 3-PG, Forest management, Process-based modelling, Productivity, Sensitivity analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Urban soils play an essential role in delivering ecosystem services due to soil microbial functions but there is limited evidence of the role of urban soils in the global carbon cycle. Inorganic nitrogen (N) reduces microbial respiration of soil organic matter (SOM) in pristine and managed forest soils but there is less evidence available on the extent to which this occurs in contrasting urban soils. This study examined the ephemeral effect of inorganic N and SOM (woodland versus grassland...
Topics: Extracellular enzymes, Nitrogen, Organic matter, Substrate-induced respiration, Urban soil
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew D. Leonard; Efstathios E. Michaelides; Dimitrios N. Michaelides
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Because of their Global Climate Change contributions, it is desirable to reduce the amount of the global CO 2 emissions. One of the ways to accomplish this is the substitution of coal with renewable energy sources, most notably wind and solar. However, the availability of wind energy and of insolation does not follow the diurnal and annual demand patterns of electric power. The large-scale substitution of coal with wind and solar significantly shifts the demand for the rest of the power...
Topic: Wind energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexis Pérez-Fargallo; Carlos Rubio-Bellido; Jesús A. Pulido-Arcas; Fco Javier Guevara-García
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Public housing policies face a challenge in order to meet not only the right to housing, but also an affordable and comfortable use for them. In this context, most of the studies related to fuel poverty are based on a diagnosis of existing conditions, but there is a lack of information focusing on how to predict the risk of fuel poverty in future dwellings considering a context of climate change. This research develops an index to assist policymakers in the decision-making process during the...
Topics: Adaptive comfort, Climate change, Fuel Poverty, Policymaking, Social housing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miriam Martínez-García; Aida Valls; Antonio Moreno; Arantza Aldea
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Multi-Criteria Decision Aid methods are used to find the best option from a set of alternatives when multiple and conflicting criteria have to be optimized simultaneously. The evaluation of the suitability or risk of each alternative is usually performed by assigning a numerical value. However, sometimes the data required to measure a criterion may be found in the form of semantic values such as tags. This paper proposes a methodology to calculate the strength of an outranking relation for a...
Topics: Decision support systems, ELECTRE, Electricity generation plants, Ontology, Semantic data
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Uwe Schlink; Daniel Hertel
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Operational snow forecasting models contain parameters for which site-specific values are often unknown. As an improvement a Bayesian procedure is suggested that estimates, from past observations, site-specific parameters with confidence intervals. It turned out that simultaneous estimation of all parameters was most accurate. From 2.5 years of daily snow depth observations the estimates were for snow albedo 0.94, 0.89, and 0.56, for snow emissivity 0.88, 0.92, and 0.99, and for snow density...
Topics: Bayesian estimation, ESCIMO model, Operational snow forecasting, Prediction performance, Sub-alpine...