A 25.4-cm long externally configured converter was performance tested by electrically heating the emitter to simulate reactor thermal power input. The measured maximum output power was limited by the maximum input power available from the electric RF induction heater. With maximum heater input power, the converter electric output was 178 W (1.95 W/sq cm) at an emitter temperature of 1946 K. This electric output power was smaller than expected. A reactor-core-length (25.4-cm long) cylindrical thermionic converter power and maintaining the emitter-to-collector gap without shorting are of major importance to the feasibility of a 25.4-cm-long reactor fuel element. The emitter of the converter is located externally to the collector to increase the fuel-volume fraction and to allow redundant collector cooling in a reactor configuration.