The Innovative Uses of Genetic Science in Human Medicine and health promotion are now provoking new ethical and religious concerns as well as raising hopes. As the public becomes increasingly aware of the scientific discoveries in the field of genetics - discoveries that appear at once promising and problematic - people are also beginning to ask important fundamental questions: What does this biological revolution have to do with religious beliefs and ethics? How should Christians interpret its significance? Drawing from the work of 260 scientific, medical, and religious professionals who met to discuss genetic research under the auspices of the nation's Human Genome Project in 1990 and 1992, J. Robert Nelson fairly and expertly probes such pressing topics as genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis, the treatment of inherited diseases, and the temptation to seek eugenic improvements of human nature and capabilities. Religious critiques by leading experts from Jewish, Christian, and other traditions also help to explain the two sides of human genetic science: the possibilities for good and the dangers of abuse
Includes bibliographical references (pages 201-205) and indexes
Forword / C. Thomas Caskey -- The Frontier of Genetics : From Mendel to Eugenics ; From Matson and Crick to Manipulating DNA ; The Human Genome Project -- The Frontier of Religion : Early responses to genetic science : Ecumenical deliberations : The Human confrences on "Genetics, religion, and ethics."
Genetic Advances in Medicine : basic strategies in resisting disorders -- Diagnosis before birth : How is it done ; Who is helped ; Access and cost -- Counseling : Theory of counseling ; When counseling goes wrong ; The Religious factor -- Prevention and Treatment : An Ounce of prevention ... ; worth a half-pound of cure
Genome and Some Social Issues : Is the Human Genome Project beyond criticism? -- Concerns of women : Ruth Ellen Bulger -- Truth and consequences -- A Danger of knowing too much? John S. Habgood -- Concepts of Human Nature : Old questions, new evidence ; Human reflection of Divine Image ; Can we go beyond gene therapy to a changed nature?
Personal Religious Positions Individually Expressed : Judaism : Barry Freundel ; Fred D. Ledley -- Roman Catholicism : Albert S. Moraczewski ; Kevin O'Rourke -- Eastern Orthodoxy : Stanley S. HHarakas ; George J. Pazin -- Protestanism : Roy J. Enquist (Lutheran) ; Gerald P. McKenny (Reformed) -- Islam : Hassan M. Harhout -- Hinduism : George E.C. Sudarshan
Official Religious Positions : Ecumenical statements : World Council of Churches ; National Council of Churches of Christ -- Denominational statments : Church of the Brethern ; Episcopal Church ; United Methodist and United Church of Christ -- Analysis and critique of Church satments: Audrey R. Chapman -- Prospects for a new consensus? -- An Exercise in correlation
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