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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE; Peterson Institute), until 2006 the Institute for International Economics (IIE), is a private and non-profit think tank focused on international economics, based in Washington, D.C. It was founded by C. Fred Bergsten in 1981, and is led by Adam S. Posen. According to the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania), PIIE was number 20 (of 150) in the "Top Think Tanks World...



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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Globalization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss an ongoing trade dispute involving large civil aircraft jets, Bombardier and Boeing, as well as the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The dispute involves subsidies, the Trump administration’s potential imposition of tariffs, and the high-stakes politics of putting Quebec and Northern Ireland jobs at risk.
Topics: trade, trade disputes, Bombardier, Boeing, United States
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Hundreds of millions of Chinese citizens still use costly informal credit where they lack access to a formal financial system. Martin Chorzempa says that Chinese officials should work with private companies to improve the rules around sharing while protecting consumer data that will provide fair priced loans to Chinese people.
Topics: China, technology, banking, regulations
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard weighs in on UK Prime Minister Theresa Mayâs decision to hold a snap election to secure her position as leader of Britainâs Brexit negotiations.
Topics: United Kingdom, Politics, Brexit
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard says Prime Minister Theresa Mayâs offer to grant EU citizens certain rights in the United Kingdom does not go far enough.
Topics: United Kingdom, European Union, migration
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle discusses Brazilâs latest political scandal that has sparked investor panic and thrown markets into turmoil.
Topics: Brazil, politics, capital markets
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicholas R. Lardy explains that the downgrade of Chinaâs sovereign credit rating will have minimal economic impact.
Topics: China, sovereign credit rating, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India's public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book "Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System," including the...
Topics: WTO, PIIE, World Trade Organization, Chad P. Bown
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre - and fascinating - barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.
Topics: World Trade Organization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)--Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes--about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...
Topics: WTO, Trade Policy, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that sanctioning Venezuelaâs oil company PDVSA will worsen the country's humanitarian crisis but will likely not change President Nicolas Maduro's behavior.
Topics: sanctions, United States, Latin America & Caribbean
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard and Nicolas Veron discuss the first round of Franceâs presidential election and its ramifications for the European Union.
Topics: France, politics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and...
Topics: North American Free Trade Agreement, Mexico, Canada, United States, Disputes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the evolution of the auto industry in North America. Long before the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the 1965 Canada-US Auto Pact, Mexican maquiladora program, OPEC-induced oil shocks, voluntary export restraints on Japan, and changing consumer preferences shaped the auto industry. NAFTA led to new cross-border supply chains and geographic clusterings in the American âauto alleyâ as well as in...
Topics: Manufacturing, North American Free Trade Agreement
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicolas Veron says that rescinding AIGâs status as âsystemically importantâ will not lead to financial instability.
Topic: financial crises
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown introduce a weekly and geeky podcast on developments in international trade and policy. This weekâs episode covers the hostsâ favorite trade (short) stories of the year and their very revealing answers to the question: Why trade? The podcastâs official launch is September 1, 2017. Peterson Perspectives interviews will continue to air along with these new trade-specific episodes of Trade Talks
Topics: Trade Policy, PIIE, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that Venezuela is giving higher priority to paying its foreign creditors than to the Venezuelan people.
Topics: fiscal deficit, Latin America and Caribbean, government
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer argues that criticism of the ISDS is largely unwarranted, but improvements in its procedures and processes are warranted.
Topics: free trade agreements, PIIE, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump's threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom's Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal's 1986 entry to the European Community, China's 2001 entry...
Topics: United States, Political Economy, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Daniel Heller and Martin Chorzempa believe that policymakers need to create a regulatory framework for initial coin offerings.
Topics: regulations, technology, currency
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Chad P. Bown cautions the Trump administration that its unconventional trade policies—such as imposing tariffs on steel and aluminum, and over intellectual property—could lead to conflict with some of the United States’ largest trading partners.
Topics: United States, trade policy, disputes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Joseph E. Gagnon and Edwin M. Truman discuss the pros and cons of Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchinâs comments perceived as seeking depreciation of the dollar.
Topics: currency, United States
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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At a recent CNN town hall debate between Senators Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard questioned the validity of Senator Sandersâ policy proposals to spend like a Scandinavian country while only raising taxes on the wealthiest citizens. In this Peterson Perspectives interview, Kirkegaard discusses Denmarkâs effective tax rate where middle class citizens are taxed nearly 50 percent of their income.
Topics: Denmark, Taxex, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Jacob Kirkegaard
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jeromin Zettelmeyer and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard are optimistic that a government coalition of Merkel's Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats would successfully work with French President Emmanuel Macron to implement necessary euro area reforms.
Topics: Germany, France, politics, euro area
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the issues involved in President Trump’s triggering a “Section 301” investigation of China’s unfair treatment of American intellectual property. This special episode covers two questions: What is forced technology transfer, and is it a problem? Is Trump's approach on China the right one?
Topics: trade policy, China, United States, Chad P Bown, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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This week Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes focus on the South Korea-US free trade agreement (KORUS) and President Donald Trump's unhappiness with it, as his administration alternates between threats of withdrawal and renegotiation. The episode chronicles the rocky negotiating history of the deal, explains the role of professional economists in advising trade policymakers, and evaluates the performance of KORUS five years after it was finally implemented.
Topics: trade, South Korea, United States, Soumaya Keynes, Chad Bown
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Douglas Irwin about his recent book "Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy" and the role that protectionism played in the US economy during its industrial development of the 19th century. They examine Henry Clay's proposal for an "American system," the Jeffersonian trade embargo of 1807--09, as well as the theoretical arguments for--and the practical arguments...
Topics: PIIE, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Douglas Irwin (PIIE and Dartmouth College) about popular misconceptions around the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930, the Great Depression, and the global trade wars that ensued. They discuss how the gold standard, tariffs, quotas, exchange controls, imperial preferences, and bartering all fit into the dismantling of the international trading system in the 1930s. They then put President Trumpâs trade policy actions to...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration's approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer's recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., 'zeroing'), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTOâs independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward 'mercantilist China' - inside or...
Topics: United States, WTO, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 2 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss ways to improve such deals as well as his views on social dumping, labor differences across countries, and inserting labor standards into free trade agreements. The also talk about how enforceable labor standards fit into the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement...
Topics: Labor, Free Trade Agreements, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China’s economy has evolved over time and how to define a 'market economy.' Special features include Keynes’s interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, and conversations about the...
Topics: Trade, Chad P Bown, China, EU, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trumpâs upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problemsâin the United States, the European Union, and Chinaâbehind the solar panel dispute and...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Manufacturing, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Mexico,...
Topics: United States, Trans-Pacific Partnership
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 1 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss the purpose of such deals, the gains from easing labor market restrictions, and Daniâs views on inserting provisions into free trade agreements regarding intellectual property rights protection, investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), and rules of origin.
Topics: Labor Disputes, Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad Bown (PIIE) focus on the Trump administration's risking a trade war, after the president started a Section 232 investigation into whether steel and aluminum imports are a threat to US national security. The episode describes the controversial law that the president triggered, the international response that included threats of retaliation, and the economic problems of both the underlying Chinese overcapacity as well as the administration's potential trade...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade defense...
Topic: Brexit, European Union
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the controversy surrounding the US washing machine market and update the solar panels case, in light of President Trump's decision to impose safeguard tariffs under Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974. For washers, they describe the history of US mergers in the industry; earlier US antidumping and countervailing duties imposed on South Korea, Mexico, and China; and decisions by foreign companies to invest in America.
Topics: PIIE, United States, Disputes, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 3 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss concerns with how economists have explained the costs and benefits of trade deals to the public, the role of social safety nets, and adjustment programs to address trade âshocksâ such as NAFTA and Chinaâs entry into the WTO, as well as President Trumpâs approach to trade...
Topic: Trade
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA--or North American Free Trade Agreementâtalks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...
Topics: United States, Canada, Mexico, North American Free Trade Agreement
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs - the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union's GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College) and...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Trade Policy
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explore the US Department of Commerce findings that imports of steel and aluminum threaten national security and the recommendation that President Trump impose new trade restrictions. They speak with Jennifer Hillman (Georgetown Law) about the trade law in use (Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962), the differences between the proposed tariffs and quotas, the likely costs of such a decision, and the implications for...
Topics: United States, Security, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain the Chinese economic development strategy at the core of the Trump administration's Section 301 dispute and latest tariff threats. They discuss Beijing's "Made in China 2025" industrial policy, how technology gets transferred, and the tradeoffs American companies face when doing business in China.
Topic: United States, China,Trade & Investment, Intellectual Property Rights
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the challenges facing the UK government as it seeks negotiations separate from the Brexit talks to maintain existing market access through the European Union's free trade agreements with more than 60 countries. Roughly 15 percent of UK goods trade is with such countries, which include South Korea, Canada, and Mexico. They speak with University of Sussex Professor Michael Gasiorek about complications preventing the...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Free Trade Agreements
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in...
Topics: Emerging Markets, inequality, trade policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) "Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea" and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea's periods of autarky, and the commitment...
Topics: Trade, Chad Bown, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE, North Korea
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 4 of this 4-episode conversation, they provide a "bonus" technical discussion about the state of formal economics research into the purpose of trade agreements. This includes how governments use cooperative trade deals to both stop the spread of international externalities and to tie their own hands with respect to special interests.
Topic: Trade
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the escalating tariff fight between President Trump and China. They update the status of Trump's "national security" tariffs on steel and aluminum as well as Beijing's retaliation over $3 billion of imports. They also analyze Trump's $50 billion Section 301 tariff proposal, China's $50 billion proposed retaliatory response, before turning to Trump's subsequent $100 billion request for more tariffs...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE
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Richard Baldwin of the Graduate Institute, Geneva, presents his new book, The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Globalization, at a launch event held by the Peterson Institute for International Economics on November 15, 2016. Sherman Robinson, new nonresident senior fellow at the Institute, provides commentary. Baldwin argues in The Great Convergence that revolutionary advances in information and communications technology (ICT) transformed globalization around 1990 in ways...
Topics: globalization, information technology
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Olivier Blanchard and Lawrence H. Summers present their paper "Rethinking Stabilization Policy: Back to the Future" on October 12, 2017, at the conference "Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy," held October 12-13 at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Ben Bernanke, Brookings Institution, presents his paper "Monetary Policy in a New Era" on October 12, 2017, at the conference "Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy," organized by Olivier Blanchard and...
Topics: macroeconomics, financial stability
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain developments resulting from President Trump's announcement of new "national security" import tariffs on steel and aluminum. They discuss those countries hit with -- and those excluded from -- the tariffs, the implications for the NAFTA negotiations, and the process for more countries to seek exemption. They describe the European Union's potential response of immediate retaliation and the imposition of its own...
Topics: United States, Security, Commodities, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a conversation with Ana Swanson from The New York Times about trade and journalism. They discuss encounters relating to steel, aluminum, softwood lumber and lobsters, as well as the surprises along the way, and how to strike a balance between data and anecdotes.
Topic: Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Morris Goldstein says Treasury Secretary Geithner was correct to label China a currency manipulator but argues for a nuanced approach in addressing the problem.
Topics: China, currency, currency manipulation, exchange rate, renminbi, monetary policy, US Treasury,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute released of its two latest studies on the impact of inward and outward foreign direct investment (FDI) on the US economy on September 19, 2013. The two books, Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Benefits, Suspicions, and Risks with Special Attention to FDI from China and Outward Foreign Direct Investment and US Exports, Jobs, and R&D: Implications for US Policy, are the culmination of important twin research projects on FDI by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Lindsay...
Topics: foreign direct investment, FDI, United States, China, exports, US trade policy, Gary Clyde...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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John Williamson, who coined the phrase âWashington Consensus,â dispels the myths, clichés, and misunderstandings surrounding it and the Beijing Consensus that some say is now ascendant.
Topics: Washington Consensus, Beijing Consensus, China, United States, John Williamson, Peterson Institute,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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1 The IMF: What Is It Good For? Panel 1: IMF Surveillance and Crisis Prevention The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) cohosted an event with the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and the Institute of International Finance, Inc. (IIF) on April 8, 2014, to discuss the true value of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to the United States and to the world economy. Charles Collyns (IIF) and Domenico Lombardi (CIGI) made opening remarks. Speakers for Panel...
Topics: International Monetary Fund, IMF, Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE, Centre for...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Branko Milanovic, City University of New York, discusses his new noteworthy book, Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization, on May 9, 2016, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Caroline Freund and Steve Weisman of the Institute comment on issues raised by Milanovic, drawing on their own recent books, Rich People Poor Countries and The Great Tradeoff: Confronting Moral Conflicts in the Era of Globalization, respectively. For more information, visit:...
Topics: inequality, globalization
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute held a significant and path-breaking all-day conference on "Ethics and Globalization: The Tradeoffs Underlying Our Policy Choices" on January 7, 2013. The program featured a distinguished group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and policymakers engaged in an interdisciplinary discussion of fundamental issues underlying economic policy decisions. Participants addressed the challenges of considering duties to domestic versus global welfare,...
Topics: globalization, ethics, Barney Frank, Peterson Institute for International Economics, PIIE, The New...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Mohsin S. Khan, former director for the Middle East and Central Asia at the International Monetary Fund, assesses the Persian Gulf countriesâ prospects for a monetary union and a repository of dollar reserves generated by oil.
Topics: Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC, Persian Gulf, oil, dollar reserves, monetary union, exchange rate,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute released the latest book by senior fellow Anders Aslund, Russia?s Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, at a meeting on November 19, 2007. Author Aslund presented the major conclusions from his book and was joined in discussion by well-known Russian historian and Harvard Professor Richard Pipes and Andrei N. Illarionov, former economic adviser to President Vladimir Putin. Anders Aslund joined the Institute in January 2006 after spending...
Topics: Russia, Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute, economics, market reform, capitalist revolution,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anna Gelpern explains the impact of a Supreme Court decision rejecting Argentinaâs argument that it does not need holdout creditors refusing to participate in its 2005 debt restructuring.
Topics: Argentina, sovereign debt, US Supreme Court, debt restructuring, Anna Gelpern, Peterson Institute...
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Michael Mandelbaum, professor of American Foreign Policy at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, discusses his new book, The Road to Global Prosperity, on July 17, 2014, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE). The Instituteâs expert on transition economics, Russia, and Eastern Europe, Anders Ãslund, PIIE, provides commentary in the panel discussion. For more information, visit: http://www.piie.com/events/event_detail.cfm?EventID=342
Topics: transition economies, Brazil, Russia, China, India, global economy, world economy, Michael...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Philip K. Verleger takes audience questions following his discussion of US energy policy at the Peterson Institute on March 27, 2012. Verleger, a private consultant on energy issues and a widely quoted expert, believes that the United States will approach full energy independence over the next decade and discussed some of the economic implications of such independence.
Topics: energy, energy independence, energy policy, United States, Philip K. Verleger, Peterson Institute...
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David Vines, emeritus professor of economics at Oxford University, makes a presentation on "Rebuilding Macroeconomic Theory" at the Peterson Institute on February 21, 2018. Olivier Blanchard, the Institute's C. Fred Bergsten Senior Fellow, responds with his own commentary on macroeconomic models.
Topic: macroeconomic theory
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Harvard Professor Dani Rodrik presents the conclusions of his new book, The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on May 4, 2011.
Topics: globalization, world economy, democracy, Dani Rodrik, Gary Hufbauer, William Cline, Peterson...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anders Ãslund assesses the impending Russian accession to the World Trade Organizationâand the chances the United States will fail to take advantage of it.
Topics: Russia, United States, PNTR, permanent normal trade relations, WTO, World Trade Organization, trade...
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Svein Gjedrem, Governor of the Central Bank of Norway, delivers his speech, âMultilateral Approaches to Global Challenges,â February 25, 2010, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Topics: Svein Gjedrem, Norway, central banks, sovereign wealth funds, SWF, international financial system,...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Introduction: Inclusive Capitalism: What Business and Labor Can Do for Quality Employment Adam S. Posen introduces the panelists at the event "Inclusive Capitalism: What Business and Labor Can Do for Quality Employment," held at the Peterson Institute on January 14, 2013. The event, cohosted with the Henry Jackson Initiative (HJI), was held to discuss how business and labor can make a difference to employment and wage outcomes to build globally sustainable capitalism. Participants...
Topics: capitalism, business, labor, employment, Henry Jackson Initiative, Task Force for Inclusive...
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C. Fred Bergsten: Currency Wars, the Economy of the United States, and Reform of the International Monetary System C. Fred Bergsten delivers the Stavros Niarchos Lecture on May 16, 2013, at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Bergsten argues that currency manipulation is the single biggest challenge facing the world economic system and costs millions of US jobs. Q and A with C. Fred Bergsten: Currency Wars, the Economy of the United States, and Reform of the International...
Topics: C. Fred Bergsten, Stavros Niarchos Foundation, currency wars, United States, international monetary...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Carlo Bastasin calls on Greece to cut costs and regain its competitive edge—and for Europe to recognize the difficulties of market liberalization in Greece.
Topics: Greece, debt crisis, budget deficit, eurozone, euro area, Europe, Carlo Bastasin, Peterson...
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Professor Dani Rodrik, Harvard University, discussed his new book, The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, at the Peterson Institute on May 4, 2011. The book concludes that âthe imbalance between the national scope of government and the global nature of markets forms the soft underbelly of globalization.â Institute Senior Fellows Gary Clyde Hufbauer and William R. Cline led off the discussion with comments on Professor Rodrikâs views on trade and finance,...
Topics: globalization, world economy, democracy, Dani Rodrik, Gary Hufbauer, William Cline, Peterson...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE), along with the European Commission, hostthe North American launch of the European Commission's new "Reflection Paper on the Deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union" on June 22, 2017, at PIIE. For the first panel, PIIE Director Emeritus and Senior Fellow C. Fred Bergsten and EU Ambassador to the United States David O'Sullivan provide opening remarks. The lead authors, José Leandro and Gabriele Giudice from the European...
Topics: European Commission, Economic and Monetary Union, EMU
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics hosted an event to launch a new study from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Confronting the Zombies: Policies for Productivity Revival, on January 23, 2018. Giuseppe Nicoletti, the OECDâs head of Structural Policy Analysis Division (SPAD), introduced the study, and Dan Andrews, the OECDâs deputy head of SPAD, presented their important findings.
Topic: productivity
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics holds a discussion of the recently released International Monetary Fund (IMF) Article IV Report on China on September 21, 2017. Geoff Gottlieb, senior economist in the IMFâs Asia and Pacific Department, presents the conclusions of the 2017 Mission for China Article IV Consultation. Commentators include James Daniel, IMF Mission Chief for China, and Nicholas R. Lardy, PIIEâs Anthony M. Solomon Senior Fellow. For more information, visit:...
Topics: China, IMF, International Monetary Fund
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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George A. Akerlof presented his book, Phishing for Phools: The Economics of Manipulation and Deception , coauthored with Robert J. Schiller, at a release event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on September 21, 2015. The book challenges the conventional notions of free markets and the “invisible hand” theory. The authors argue that markets can be harmful in that they prey on the psychological weaknesses and ignorance of consumers.  Morris Goldstein, nonresident...
Topics: George Akerlof, Peterson Institute for International Economics, economic theory, economic behavior,...