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2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)

Directors: Philip W. Hammer; Joe Niemela (Local Organiser)

The 2012 IPF presented a rich program of plenary talks and discussion by leading scientists from around the world on topics driving current and future research and development efforts, including alternative energies and energy storage, new materials, microfluidic devices ("lab-on-a-chip"), complex fluids, advances in lasers and laser applications, nanophotonics, biomedical engineering, as well as talks on global science policy and complementary topics such as novel approaches to undergraduate sc...



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2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Dean Zollman (Kansas State University, USA)
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Capacity building requires that university students learn physics efficiently and effectively, and that pre-university physics teachers understand how to teach their students well. Over the past 20 years university education in physics has made major changes as a result of two related phenomena. First, through careful investigation of the teaching and learning of physics (Physics Education Research) we learned much about the difficulties that students have when learning physics and have...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Patrick Tabeling (ESPCI, France)
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Microfluidics is about the manipulation of fluids at the micrometric scale. This technology is impacting established fields -physics, chemistry, biology- by offering new methodologies. The oil industry recently realized the full potentiality of this technology. I will show a few examples in which microfluidic technology has generated new knowledge in the domains of reservoir characterisation. I will also show examples of new microfludic devices that are simple, portable, accurate and fast, able...
There is no "silver bullet" solution to climate stress and development needs, but biofuels and bioenergy will be a necessary and substantial portion of the global energy portfolio. Biomass is the original 'alternative' energy. From a primary source of fuel, it has evolved to supply renewable energy services at levels spanning the very simple to the highly complex. As localized energy carriers with localized benefits that can smooth some of the heterogeneity in resource allocation,...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Rob Stoner (MIT, USA)
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In the early 1990's, South Africa embarked on a program to massively expand grid access. After almost two decades, the story continues to unfold, and it is filled with lessons and examples that inform current thinking about energy policy and technology in other developing economies. South Africa is now in the early stages of a new effort to integrate renewables onto its grid system on an unprecedented scale. In this talk I will describe recent developments there, and relate them to equally...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Winfried Hoffman (European PV Industry Association, Germany)
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Until recently Photovoltaics (PV) has been seen as a useful and elegant provider of electricity to interesting markets like powering of satellites, industrial off-grid solutions and consumer applications. Only few could foresee the enormous growth over the last decade and even more surprising to many was the associated price decrease. The volume growth of the worldwide PV market was mainly influenced by market support programs like the Feed-in tariff (EEG) in Germany in 2001 and followed by...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Harry A. Atwater (California Institute of Technology, USA)
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Ever since serious scientific thinking went into improving the efficiency of photovoltaic energy conversion more than 50 years ago, thermodynamics has been used to assess the limits to performance, guiding advances in materials science and photovoltaic technology. Photovoltaics have advanced considerably, resulting in single-junction solar cells with a record efficiency of 28.3% and multi-junction cells with an efficiency of 43.5%. As impressive as these advances are, these record efficiencies...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speakers: Ton Ellermeijer, Ewa Kedzierska (CMA-Science, Amsterdam)
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The integration of ICT in physics education has proved to be very effective to enable inquiry-based education and also to make links to more professional and industrial activities. Teachers and students are provided with powerful tools for a.o. data-acquisition with sensors and from videos, for analyzing data and modeling. This helps them to perform more realistic research-kinds of projects. In the EC-funded ESTABLISH project (see www.establish-fp7.eu) science teachers are prepared for...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Sean Shaheen (University of Denver, USA)
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The field of organic photovoltaics (OPV) has advanced rapidly over the last several years to the point now of initial commercialization of small scale products. Recent demonstration of efficiencies of 10% and beyond by several groups around the world continue to propel interest in OPV as a potential low-cost, large-scale solar energy technology. This talk will provide an overview of the materials and approaches commonly used in the field today. The operational mechanisms of the devices will be...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Mathias Fink (EPSI, France)
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Time-reversal invariance is a very fundamental concept in classical and quantum physics. The objective of this talk is to show how this concept can be turned into a huge source of innovations and successful start-up companies. It was first in the field of acoustics and later for microwaves, where antenna array technology was available, that "timereversal mirrors" have been built. Such mirrors allow us to refocuses in space and time an incident wave field at the original source...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Ian Lawrence (Institute of Physics, UK)
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To teach physics is to make connections between different physical theories, phenomenal experiences, and the minds of students. To do this effectively requires a broad range of interpersonal skills and, crucially, effectively developed pedagogic content knowledge - how this has been done will be the focus of the workshop. Experience and research have shown that to learn effectively is not simply to sit at the feet of someone who has suitable qualifications and listen to them restate their...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Arnulf Jaeger-Waldau (European Commission's Joint Research Center, Ispra, Italy)
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Renewable energy use is growing at a much faster pace than the rest of the economy in Europe and world-wide. This and the dramatic oil price increases since 2005 have lead to a remarkable re-evaluation of the renewable energy sector by politics and financing institutions. Despite the fact that there are still discrepancies between the European Union and the USA how to deal with climate change, renewable energies will play an important role for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol and the...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Sune Svanberg (Lund University, Sweden)
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There are numerous challenges to be solved within clinical and preclinical medicine ranging from microbiology, surgery, oncology, anaesthesiology and intense care, all the way to pediatrics. The ongoing effort to develope new methods utilising optics and photonics has resulted in some promising results and in a translational process, also brought over to clinical early phase studies.
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Aydogan Ozcan (UCLA, USA)
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Today there are more than 5 billion cell-phone users in the world, and the majority of these cellphones are being used in the developing parts of the world. This massive volume of wireless phone communication brings an enormous cost-reduction to cellphones despite their sophisticated hardware and software capabilities. Utilizing this advanced state-of-the-art of cell phone technology towards point-of-care diagnostics and/or microscopic imaging applications can offer numerous opportunities to...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 Directors: Philip W. Hammer; Joe Niemela (Local Organiser)
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More information on ICTP conferences are available at www.ictp.it
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Samuel Sia (Columbia University, USA)
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Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices have a tremendous potential for improving the health of people in developing countries by providing immediate diagnosis in the field. The development of diagnostics for global health, however, presents unique and challenging design criteria. In this talk the speaker will discuss the current efforts, in conjunction with partners in industry, public health, and local governments, to develop new rapid diagnostic tests. Such tests span a variety of technologies, and...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: John Bolton (British Open University, UK)
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While being truly open access, the Open University provides a set of modules that can take students from a very basic level up to advanced concepts and techniques. It also allows mature students with some background in physics and/or maths to top up their knowledge in specific subject areas. Over many years, our aim has been to develop inspiring and effective learning materials specifically designed for study at a distance. Typically, much effort is invested in the creation of new materials,...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 Directors: Philip W. Hammer; Joe Niemela (Local Organiser)
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More information on ICTP conferences are available at www.ictp.it
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: William Colglazier (Science Advisor to the United States Secretary of State, US Department of State, USA)
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Because of the accelerating pace of technological change - due in part to the information and computer revolution and the global spread of expertise and knowledge - and its unquestioned impact on economic development, science and technology have become even more important assets for diplomacy. Nearly every country has been convinced that it must engage on a world-class level in science and technology and become more innovative in this highly competitive and interconnected world. As a...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Fernando Quevedo (ICTP)
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Welcome and Introductory Remarks - Policy Session I
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Gorazd Planinsic (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia)
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In this talk the speaker will illustrate the following ideas that were found to be among most important in achieving effective physics teaching: 1. Effective teaching should engage students in active construction and testing of ideas. Traditional teaching in most cases does not create opportunities for the students to actively construct and test their own ideas. Active construction and testing are important steps in achieving understanding. 2. Teaching in context can significantly increase the...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Martin Rees (Cambridge University, UK)
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Astronomers and space scientists have made astonishing progress in probing our cosmic environment, thanks to advanced technology. We can trace cosmic history from some mysterious "beginning" nearly 14 billion years ago, and understand in outline the emergence of atoms, galaxies, stars and planets - and how, on at least one planet, life emerged and developed a complex biosphere of which we are part. But these advances pose new questions: What does the long-range future hold? How...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
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In the USA there have been multiple reports calling for renewed efforts to increase the number of young people choosing to pursue careers in the sciences, engineering and mathematics. Alongside there have also been numerous reports from the private sector outlining the kinds of knowledge, skills and habits of mind that are of value to employers seeking to recruit new graduates. Educators at all levels have a critical role to play in meeting these demands, chiefly through the learning...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Venky Narayanamurty (Harvard University, USA)
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This talk will present the role of Science and Technology in addressing some of the Societal Grand Challenges - such as energy technology, innovation, and sustainability. The speaker will discuss the need to address the basic-applied dichotomy and role of technology in spurring both basic science and economic development as an inter-related ecosystem.
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Sune Svanberg (Lund University, Sweden and South China Normal University, China)
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Examples of realistic diagnostic optical equipment based on diode lasers, light- emitting diodes, optical fibres, compact spectrometers and lap-top computers are given. Experience from implementation in Africa, South America and China will be presented.
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: John Hinch (Cambridge University, UK)
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One finds elastic liquids in the processing of plastics, processing of food, and in flowing biological fluids. They are in principle materials somewhere between viscous liquids and elastic solids. But their behaviour is not between that of a simple liquid or a simple solid. An example in the kitchen: water is ejected to the side walls of a bowl by a rotating whisk, while egg-whites climb the whisk. Further strange examples will be given. We seek an understanding of their behaviour.
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Larry Kazmerski (National Center for Photovoltaics - NREL, USA)
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The prospects of current and coming solar-photovoltaic (PV) technologies are envisioned, arguing this solar- electricity source is beyond a tipping point in the complex worldwide energy outlook. Truly, a revolution in both the technological advancements of solar PV and the deployment of this energy technology is underway; PV is no longer an outlier. The birth of modern photovoltaics (PV) traces only to the mid-1950s, with the Bell Telephone Laboratories' development of an efficient,...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Alessandro Curioni (IBM Research, Zurich, Switzerland)
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This talk is an overview of the Battery 500 project, an interdisciplinary consortium lead by IBM Research to develop a lithium air battery that aims to increase the range of electrovehicles to 500 miles. Particular emphasis will be given to some of the key issues that have hampered the development of lithium air technology so far, and how we are solving them via an integrated experimental and first principle-based simulation approach.
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Richard Wiener (Research Corporation for Science Advancement, USA)
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Research Corporation for Science Advancement's Scialog program is designed to accelerate the work of 21st-century transformational science through funding research, intensive dialog and community building. Each multi-year initiative seeks to support highly innovative early career scientists in response to a complex research challenge that serves as a driver in contemporary science. The first initiative under this program is Scialog: Solar Energy Conversion, and it is focused on fundamental...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Philip W. Hammer (AIP)
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Welcome and Introductory Remarks - Policy Session I
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Andrew Briggs (Oxford University, UK)
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Quantum superposition and entanglement offer deep resources which are ripe for harnessing in practical devices. Superposition incorporates a phase with information content surpassing any classical mixture. Entanglement offers correlations stronger than any which would be possible classically. Together these give quantum computing its spectacular potential, but earlier applications may be found in metrology and sensing. Fundamental progress is being made in the development of quantum devices...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Luigi Colombo (Texas Instruments Inc., USA)
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In the past decade, the state of the art Si-based electronics has gone from devices at or above 100 nm to the realm of 30 nm and below, with a defined pathway to devices, logic and memory, of about 15 nm. In addition, as devices have scaled below a gate length of about 100 nm performance per power density has not scaled, in fact it has decreased. In order to address the power issues the industry is facing as CMOS devices are scaled further, a program, Nanoelectronic Research Initiative, was...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: K. S. Narayan (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India)
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Issues related to morphology, crystallinity, and phase separation which are important in the development of efficient polymer based solar cells will be introduced and discussed. A versatile method to examine the donor-acceptor based bulk heterojunction structures developed in our laboratory will be discussed. The method was used to follow changes with annealing and different donor: acceptor ratios, where the correlation between the changes in the morphology and charge carrier generation was...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Satishchandra B. Ogale (National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India)
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Energy, environment, health, food and water are the sectors of critical significance and concern to the world, especially to the rapidly developing countries. These fields are intertwined in many complex ways and our excessive dependence on polluting fuels has had extremely serious and progressively deleterious influence on the quality of our lives. Since energy drives the engines of growth, our increasing demand for energy is unavoidable in the face of development, but in the light of the...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Rene Lopez (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA)
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A major challenge in solar cell technology dwells in achieving an efficient absorption of photons with an effective carrier extraction. In all cases, light absorption considerations call for thicker modules while carrier transport would benefit from thinner ones. This dichotomy is a fundamental problem limiting the efficiencies of most photovoltaics. Light absorption in silicon cells, for example, is very weak, especially at the red side of the absorption band, requiring a thick active layer to...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 Directors: Philip W. Hammer; Joe Niemela (Local Organiser)
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More information on ICTP conferences are available at www.ictp.it
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Karsten Kraiczek (Agilent, Walbron, Germany)
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Chemical Analysis is facing nowadays rapidly changing requirements on performance. Resolution of sample components over a very wide range of concentration, analysis time, selectivity and specificity are expected to improve continuously. At the same time acquisition of samples for analysis is getting more difficult since samples are much smaller and must remain representative for a chemical, biological or environmental system in time and space. In addition, analysis methods must remain...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Hans Gardeniers (University of Twente, Netherlands)
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Current developments in the field of microfluidic technology allow accurate handling of liquid volumes in the nanoliter to microliter range, in miniaturized systems in which sensing elements to monitor chemical processes on-line can be integrated. This development is especially relevant for the field of chemical analysis in the life sciences where only limited sample volumes are available. This contribution will give a number of examples of integrated microfluidic devices which use sample...
2012 Industrial Physics Forum (HD video)
May 14, 2018 speaker: Solomon Assefa (IBM Watson Research Center, USA)
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Supercomputers capable of delivering Exaflops performance are envisioned to become a reality by the end of this decade. In order to provide the enormous communication bandwidth that is necessary, millions of optical interconnects will have to be deployed to connect together racks, modules and chips. Such massive level of parallelism will require monolithic integration of deeply scaled silicon nanophotonics devices in close proximity with transistors by utilizing the latest CMOS technology. This...