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PubMed Central is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM).

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by Kourkouta, Lambrini; Papathanasiou, Ioanna V.
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This article is from Materia Socio-Medica , volume 26 . Abstract Good communication between nurses and patients is essential for the successful outcome of individualized nursing care of each patient. To achieve this, however, nurses must understand and help their patients, demonstrating courtesy, kindness and sincerity. Also they should devote time to the patient to communicate with the necessary confidentiality, and must not forget that this communication includes persons who surround the sick...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3990376
PubMed Central
by Williams, Brett; Brown, Ted; McKenna, Lisa; Boyle, Malcolm J; Palermo, Claire; Nestel, Debra; Brightwell, Richard; McCall, Louise; Russo, Verity
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This article is from Advances in Medical Education and Practice , volume 5 . Abstract Background: Empathy is paramount in the health care setting, optimizing communication and rapport with patients. Recent empirical evidence suggests that empathy is associated with improved clinical outcomes. Therefore, given the importance of empathy in the health care setting, gaining a better understanding of students’ attitudes and self-reported empathy is important. The objective of this study was to...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4014368
PubMed Central
by Sweeney, Angela; Fahmy, Sarah; Nolan, Fiona; Morant, Nicola; Fox, Zoe; Lloyd-Evans, Brynmor; Osborn, David; Burgess, Emma; Gilburt, Helen; McCabe, Rosemarie; Slade, Mike; Johnson, Sonia
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Background: Poor service user experiences are often reported on mental health inpatient wards. Crisis houses are an alternative, but evidence is limited. This paper investigates therapeutic alliances in acute wards and crisis houses, exploring how far stronger therapeutic alliance may underlie greater client satisfaction in crisis houses. Methods and Findings: Mixed methods were used. In the quantitative component, 108 crisis house and 247...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091866
PubMed Central
by Williams, Brett; Brown, Ted; Boyle, Malcolm; McKenna, Lisa; Palermo, Claire; Etherington, Jamie
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This article is from Advances in Medical Education and Practice , volume 5 . Abstract Purpose: This research examines the extent and nature of empathy among emergency health (paramedic), nursing, and midwifery students at one Australian university and investigates the longitudinal changes in empathy levels across the course of study. Methods: First-, second-, and third-year students at Monash University completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy–Health Professional (JSE-HP) in 2008, 2009, and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4166255
PubMed Central
by Scholl, Isabelle; Zill, Jordis M.; Harter, Martin; Dirmaier, Jorg
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Background: Existing models of patient-centeredness reveal a lack of conceptual clarity. This results in a heterogeneous use of the term, unclear measurement dimensions, inconsistent results regarding the effectiveness of patient-centered interventions, and finally in difficulties in implementing patient-centered care. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the different dimensions of patient-centeredness described in the literature...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4168256
PubMed Central
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract Reflecting on an important personal value in a self-affirmation activity has been shown to improve psychological functioning in a broad range of studies, but the underlying mechanisms for these self-affirmation effects are unknown. Here we provide an initial test of a novel self-compassion account of self-affirmation in two experimental studies. Study 1 shows that an experimental manipulation of self-affirmation (3-min of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026714
PubMed Central
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This article is from Psychiatry Investigation , volume 10 . Abstract During the development of the DSM-5, even the lay press questioned psychiatr's scientific validity. This review provides 21st century psychiatry residents with ways of answering these attacks by defining the concepts and history of psychiatry (a branch of medicine), medicine and science. Psychiatric language has two levels: first, describing symptoms and signs (19th century descriptive psychopathology developed in France and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843011
PubMed Central
by Ahrweiler, Florian; Neumann, Melanie; Goldblatt, Hadass; Hahn, Eckhart G; Scheffer, Christian
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Empathy is an outcome-relevant physician characteristic and thus a crucial component of high-quality communication in health care. However, the factors that promote and inhibit the development of empathy during medical education have not been extensively researched. Also, currently there is no explicit research on the perspective of practicing physicians on the subject. Therefore the aim of our study was to explore...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4080581
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This article is from Public Understanding of Science (Bristol, England) , volume 22 . Abstract The prominence of neuroscience in the public sphere has escalated in recent years, provoking questions about how the public engages with neuroscientific ideas. Commentaries on neuroscience’s role in society often present it as having revolutionary implications, fundamentally overturning established beliefs about personhood. The purpose of this article is to collate and review the extant empirical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4107825
PubMed Central
by Lockwood, Patricia L.; Seara-Cardoso, Ana; Viding, Essi
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Theory and evidence suggest that empathy is an important motivating factor for prosocial behaviour and that emotion regulation, i.e. the capacity to exert control over an emotional response, may moderate the degree to which empathy is associated with prosocial behaviour. However, studies to date have not simultaneously explored the associations between different empathic processes and prosocial behaviour, nor whether different types of emotion...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4014517
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 11 . Abstract Background: Medical television programs offer students fictional representations of their chosen career. This study aimed to discover undergraduate medical students' viewing of medical television programs and students' perceptions of professionalism, ethics, realism and role models in the programs. The purpose was to consider implications for teaching strategies. Methods: A medical television survey was administered to 386...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3162942
PubMed Central
by Kemper, Kathi J; Shaltout, Hossam A
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This article is from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , volume 11 . Abstract Background: Calm, compassionate clinicians comfort others. To evaluate the direct psychophysiologic benefits of non-verbal communication of compassion (NVCC), it is important to minimize the effect of subjects' expectation. This preliminary study was designed to a) test the feasibility of two strategies for maintaining subject blinding to non-verbal communication of compassion (NVCC), and b) determine whether...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3260157
PubMed Central
by Shankar, P Ravi; Singh, Kundan K; Dhakal, Ajaya; Shakya, Arati; Piryani, Rano M
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This article is from F1000Research , volume 1 . Abstract Medical humanities (MH) modules have been conducted for first year students at KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal for the last four years. Literature excerpts are widely used in MH programs in developed nations. In Nepal English language literature excerpts had been used previously in two modules. Problems noted were difficulty in comprehending the excerpts and relating them to the Nepalese scenario. The MH module for the 2011 intake...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3752629
PubMed Central
by Bridges, Jackie; Nicholson, Caroline; Maben, Jill; Pope, Catherine; Flatley, Mary; Wilkinson, Charlotte; Meyer, Julienne; Tziggili, Maria
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This article is from Journal of Advanced Nursing , volume 69 . Abstract Aims: To synthesize evidence and knowledge from published research about nurses' experiences of nurse-patient relationships with adult patients in general, acute inpatient hospital settings. Background: While primary research on nurses' experiences has been reported, it has not been previously synthesized. Design: Meta-ethnography. Data sources: Published literature from Australia, Europe, and North America, written in...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3617468
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This article is from Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Medical practitioners such as physicians are continuously exposed to the suffering and the distress of patients. Understanding the way pain perception relates to empathetic dispositions and professional quality of life can contribute to the development of strategies aimed at protecting health professionals from burnout and compassion fatigue. In the present study we investigate the way individual...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4093939
PubMed Central
by Lar?i, Frank; Luhrmann, Tanya Marie; Bell, Vaughan; Christian, William A.; Deshpande, Smita; Fernyhough, Charles; Jenkins, Janis; Woods, Angela
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This article is from Schizophrenia Bulletin , volume 40 . Abstract A number of studies have explored hallucinations as complex experiences involving interactions between psychological, biological, and environmental factors and mechanisms. Nevertheless, relatively little attention has focused on the role of culture in shaping hallucinations. This article reviews the published research, drawing on the expertise of both anthropologists and psychologists. We argue that the extant body of work...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4141319
PubMed Central
by Bangash, Areeb Sohail; Ali, Nisreen Feroz; Shehzad, Abdul Haseeb; Haqqi, Sobia
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This article is from F1000Research , volume 2 . Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to quantify the levels of empathy amongst medical students in the first year and final year of the medical curriculum at a medical university in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study, comprising of participating students in their first year and final year of the medical curriculum at Ziauddin University Medical College, was carried out, using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) scale...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3782343
PubMed Central
by Carey, Timothy A.; Mansell, Warren; Tai, Sara J.
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This article is from Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , volume 8 . Abstract Although the biopsychosocial model has been a popular topic of discussion for over four decades it has not had the traction in fields of research that might be expected of such an intuitively appealing idea. One reason for this might be the absence of an identified mechanism or a functional architecture that is authentically biopsychosocial. What is needed is a robust mechanism that is equally important to biochemical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3937810
PubMed Central
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract Cognitive linguistics and conversation analysis (a) converge in the analysis of category bound activities and (b) in viewing thinking and talking as embodied activities. The first aim of this paper is to outline these powerful theories as useful tools for the analysis of enacting empathy. The second aim is to outline these theories as useful tools for the analysis of how empathy is co-enacted in clinical conversation documented...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4013836
PubMed Central
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract What happens when subjects are deprived of intersubjective contact? This paper looks closely at the phenomenology and psychology of one example of that deprivation: solitary confinement. It also puts the phenomenology and psychology of solitary confinement to use in the legal context. Not only is there no consensus on whether solitary confinement is a “cruel and unusual punishment,” there is no consensus on the definition of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4054665
This article is from The EPMA Journal , volume 3 . Abstract Traditional, complementary and alternative medical (TCAM) systems contribute to the foundation of person-centred medicine (PCM), an epistemological orientation for medical science which places the person as a physical, psychological and spiritual entity at the centre of health care and of the therapeutic process. PCM wishes to broaden the bio-molecular reductionistic approach of medical science towards an integration that allows...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3509392
PubMed Central
by Kelley, John M.; Kraft-Todd, Gordon; Schapira, Lidia; Kossowsky, Joe; Riess, Helen
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Objective: To determine whether the patient-clinician relationship has a beneficial effect on either objective or validated subjective healthcare outcomes. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data Sources: Electronic databases EMBASE and MEDLINE and the reference sections of previous reviews. Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Studies: Included studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in adult patients in which the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3981763
PubMed Central
by Eikeland, Hanne-Lise; ?rnes, Knut; Finset, Arnstein; Pedersen, Reidar
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Empathy is important in ensuring the quality of the patient-physician relationship. Several studies have concluded that empathy declines during medical training, especially during the third year. However, there is little empirical research on what may influence a medical student’s empathy. In addition, studies of empathy in medicine have generally been dominated by quantitative approaches, primarily self-assessment...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128827
PubMed Central
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This article is from Journal of Medical Ethics , volume 40 . Abstract The author analyses how debate over the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has tended to privilege certain conceptions of psychiatric diagnosis over others, as well as to polarise positions regarding psychiatric diagnosis. The article aims to muddy the black and white tenor of many discussions regarding psychiatric diagnosis by moving away from the preoccupation with diagnosis as...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4112451
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 11 . Abstract Background: Empathy towards patients is considered to be associated with improved health outcomes. Many scales have been developed to measure empathy in health care professionals and students. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) has been widely used. This study was designed to examine the psychometric properties and the theoretical structure of the JSPE. Methods: A total of 853 medical students responded to the JSPE...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3167872
PubMed Central
by Woods, Angela; Jones, Nev; Bernini, Marco; Callard, Felicity; Alderson-Day, Ben; Badcock, Johanna C.; Bell, Vaughan; Cook, Chris C. H.; Csordas, Thomas; Humpston, Clara; Krueger, Joel; Lar?i, Frank; McCarthy-Jones, Simon; Moseley, Peter; Powell, Hilary; Raballo, Andrea; Smailes, David; Fernyhough, Charles
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This article is from Schizophrenia Bulletin , volume 40 . Abstract Despite the recent proliferation of scientific, clinical, and narrative accounts of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), the phenomenology of voice hearing remains opaque and undertheorized. In this article, we outline an interdisciplinary approach to understanding hallucinatory experiences which seeks to demonstrate the value of the humanities and social sciences to advancing knowledge in clinical research and practice. We...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4141308
PubMed Central
by Fernyhough, Charles; Waters, Flavie
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This article is from Schizophrenia Bulletin , volume 40 . Abstract This Special Supplement presents reports from 11 working groups of the interdisciplinary International Consortium on Hallucination Research meeting in Durham, UK, September 2013. Topics include psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations, culture and hallucinations, hallucinations in children and adolescents, visual hallucinations, interdisciplinary approaches to the phenomenology of auditory verbal hallucinations...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4141322
PubMed Central
by Martha Kalhovde, Anne; Elstad, Ingunn; Talseth, Anne-Grethe
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This article is from International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being , volume 9 . Abstract Our objective in this article is to add to the understanding of how people with mental illness experience dealing with hearing troublesome voices and sounds in everyday life. Fourteen people contributed through in-depth interviews and we analysed these using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. We found that the participants (a) tried to block out the voices and sounds, (b)...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3968296
PubMed Central
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This article is from The International Journal of Social Psychiatry , volume 59 . Abstract Background:: Critiques of the validity of the DSM diagnostic criteria for depressive disorder argue that it fails to differentiate between abnormal sadness due to internal dysfunction or depression (sadness without an identifiable cause), and normal sadness (sadness with a clear cause). Aims and Methods:: A population survey was undertaken in adult education centres in Spain aiming to explore beliefs...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4107836
PubMed Central
by Ohm, Friedemann; Vogel, Daniela; Sehner, Susanne; Wijnen-Meijer, Marjo; Harendza, Sigrid
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 13 . Abstract Background: History taking and empathetic communication are two important aspects in successful physician-patient interaction. Gathering important information from the patient’s medical history is needed for effective clinical decision making while empathy is relevant for patient satisfaction. We wanted to investigate whether medical students near graduation are able to combine both skills as required in daily medical practice....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3661386
PubMed Central
by Farooq, Saeed; Naeem, Farooq
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This article is from Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , volume 10 . Abstract Nonadherence to treatment is a major challenge in all fields of medicine, and it has been claimed that increasing the effectiveness of adherence interventions may have far greater impact on the health of the population than any improvement in specific medical treatments. However, despite widespread use of terms such as adherence and compliance, there is little agreement on definitions or measurements....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4062556
PubMed Central
by Jormfeldt, Henrika; Svensson, Bengt; Hansson, Lars; Svedberg, Petra
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This article is from International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being , volume 9 . Abstract The Boston Psychiatric Rehabilitation Approach (BPR) is person-centered and characterized by being based entirely on the individual's unique needs and preferences in the areas of working, learning, social contacts, and living environment. Nevertheless, the person-centered approach is lacking firm evidence regarding outcomes, and empirical studies regarding clients’ experiences of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3982115
PubMed Central
by Borg, Marit; Karlsson, Bengt; Lofthus, Ann-Mari; Davidson, Larry
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This article is from International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being , volume 6 . Abstract Background: As Norway moves toward the provision of home-based crisis response, knowledge is needed about understandings of mental health crisis and effective ways of addressing crises within the home. Objective: To elicit and learn from service users’ experiences about the subjective meanings of crisis and what kind of help will be most effective in resolving mental health crises....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3229008
PubMed Central
by Yakeley, Jessica; Hale, Rob; Johnston, James; Kirtchuk, Gabriel; Shoenberg, Peter
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This article is from The Psychiatric Bulletin , volume 38 . Abstract Morale among psychiatrists continues to be seriously challenged in the face of recruitment difficulties, unfilled posts, diagnostic controversies, service reconfigurations and public criticism of psychiatric care, in addition to other difficulties. In this article, we argue that the positivist paradigm that continues to dominate British psychiatry has led to an undervaluing of subjectivity and of the role of emotions within...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4115376
PubMed Central
by Artinger, Florian; Exadaktylos, Filippos; Koppel, Hannes; Saaksvuori, Lauri
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Abundant evidence across the behavioral and social sciences suggests that there are substantial individual differences in pro-social behavior. However, little is known about the psychological mechanisms that underlie social preferences. This paper investigates whether empathy and Theory of Mind shape individual differences in pro-social behavior as conventionally observed in neutrally framed social science experiments. Our results show that...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3990498
PubMed Central
by Rucker, Lloyd; Shapiro, Johanna; Fornwalt, Cliff; Hundal, Keenu; Reddy, Swapna; Singson, Zarema; Trieu, Khanh
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Although program evaluation is a core requirement of Internal Medicine residencies, little is reported in the literature regarding resident satisfaction with training. Most program evaluation consists of numerical rating scales from which it is often difficult to pinpoint exact sources of dissatisfaction. Methods: Our goal in this work is to evaluate the utility of focus group methodology to uncover in detail the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4094667
PubMed Central
by A. Jacobs, Kerrin
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 4 . Abstract From a naturalistic perspective on mental illness, depression is often described in terms of biological dysfunctions, while a normative perspective emphasizes the lived experience of depression as a harmful condition. The paper relates a conceptual analysis of “depressive situation” to an analysis of the lived experience of depression. As such, it predominantly aims to specify depression as a harmful condition in lights of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3713339
This article is from Medical Humanities , volume 40 . Abstract Reflective capacity is integral to core healthcare professional practice competencies. Reflection plays a central role in teacher education as reflecting on teaching behaviours with critical analysis can potentially improve teaching practice. The humanities including narrative and the visual arts can serve as a valuable tool for fostering reflection. We conducted a multinational faculty development workshop aiming to enhance...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4033026
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Family Practice , volume 15 . Abstract Background: General practice is stressful and burnout is common among family physicians. A growing body of evidence suggests that the way physicians relate to their patients could be linked to burnout. The goal of this study was to examine how patterns of empathy explained physicians’ burnout. Methods: We surveyed 294 French general practitioners (response rate 39%), measured burnout, empathic concern (EC) and perspective taking...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914722
PubMed Central
by Hong, Minha; Lee, Won Hye; Park, Jae Hyun; Yoon, Tai Young; Moon, Duk Soo; Lee, Sang Min; Bahn, Geon Ho
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 12 . Abstract Background: This study aims to determine the correlation between medical education systems, medical college (MC) and medical school (MS), and empathy by investigating the changes in empathy among students with each additional year of medical education. Methods: The subjects were MC and MS students who had participated in the same study the previous year. All participants completed the same self-report instruments: a questionnaire...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3561208
PubMed Central
by Noorbala, Fatemeh; Borjali, Ahmad; Ahmadian-Attari, Mohammad Mahdi; Noorbala, Ahmad Ali
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This article is from Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , volume 8 . Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of compassionate mind training (CMT) on symptoms of depression and anxiety in Iranian depressed sufferers. Method: Nineteen depressed patients aged 20 to 40 (Beck Depression Inventory value ≥ 20) were randomly assigned into two groups. The experimental group participated in 12 sessions of group therapy based on Paul Gilbert's manual of CMT. The control...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3887227
PubMed Central
by Carpenter, Mary Wilson
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This article is from Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London , volume 67 . Abstract An important aspect of Joseph Lister's work that has received relatively little attention is his relationship with patients. However, a manuscript written by one of his patients, Margaret Mathewson's ‘A Sketch of Eight Months a patient, in the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, A.D. 1877’, provides detail about the surgeon as seen ‘from below’—that is, by a charity patient. Although excerpts from...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3744355
PubMed Central
by Williams, Brett; Sadasivan, Sivalal; Kadirvelu, Amudha; Olaussen, Alexander
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This article is from Advances in Medical Education and Practice , volume 5 . Abstract Background: The literature indicates that medical practitioners experience declining empathy levels in clinical practice. This highlights the need to educate medical students about empathy as an attribute early in the academic curriculum. The objective of this study was to evaluate year one students’ self-reported empathy levels following a 2-hour empathy workshop at a large medical school in Malaysia....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4035026
PubMed Central
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 4 . Abstract Does the reference to a mental realm in using the notion of mental disorder lead to a dilemma that consists in either implying a Cartesian account of the mind-body relation or in the need to give up a notion of mental disorder in its own right? Many psychiatrists seem to believe that denying substance dualism requires a purely neurophysiological stance for explaining mental disorder. However, this conviction is based on a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3715727
PubMed Central
by Shankar, P Ravi; Piryani, Rano M; Singh, Kundan K; Karki, Bal Man S
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This article is from F1000Research , volume 1 . Abstract Background: At KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal, a Medical Humanities module for first year medical students has been conducted. Role plays are used to explore social, medical and sexual issues in the Nepalese context. The present study obtained student feedback about the role plays used in the module, the difficulties faced, and obtained suggestions for further improvement.Method: The module was conducted from January to August 2011...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3752645
PubMed Central
by Gibson, Susanne; Brand, Sarah L; Burt, Sarah; Boden, Zoe V R; Benson, Outi
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This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Approximately half of service users with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder do not fully follow treatment recommendations. Studies of adherence have not adequately explored the frequency, consequences and meanings of non-adherence behaviours from service users’ perspectives. This study contributes to a more fine-grained understanding of treatment choices and the support service users require in order to maximise benefit...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3695802
PubMed Central
by Gramaglia, Carla; Jona, Amalia; Imperatori, Fredrica; Torre, Eugenio; Zeppegno, Patrizia
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Medical schools are currently charged with a lack of education as far as empathic/relational skills and the meaning of being a health-care provider are concerned, thus leading to increased interest in medical humanities. Discussion: Medical humanities can offer an insight into human illness and in a broader outlook into human condition, understanding of one self, responsibility. An empathic relation to patients might...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3693887
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Building on a series of higher educational arts/medicine initiatives, an interdisciplinary drawing module themed on the human body was developed for both year 3 Craft students and year 3 Medicine degree students. This became the subject of a research project exploring how the collaborative approach to drawing adopted on this module impacted on the students’ learning. In this article, emphasis is given to issues...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3687563
PubMed Central
by Shankar, P. Ravi; Singh, Kundan K.; Piryani, Rano M.
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This article is from Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions , volume 8 . Abstract Pharmaceutical promotion is an integral part of modern medical practice. Surveys show that medical students have a positive attitude towards promotion. Pharmaceutical promotion is not adequately taught in medical schools. A module based on the manual produced by Health Action International was conducted for second year medical students at KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal. Student feedback on...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3250589