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PubMed Central is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM).

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This article is from Malaria Journal , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Widespread parasite resistance to first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria leads to introduction of new drug interventions. Introducing such interventions is complex and sensitive because of stakeholder interests and public resistance. To enhance take up of such interventions, health policy communication strategies need to deliver accurate and accessible information to empower communities with necessary information...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4100488
This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Background: “A Body Shape Index” (ABSI) is a recently proposed index that standardizes waist circumference for body mass index (BMI) and height. This study aims to: (a) examine if the ABSI scaling exponents for standardizing waist circumference for BMI and height are valid in middle-aged and older Indonesian population, and (b) compare the association between incident hypertension and ABSI and other anthropometric measures. Methods and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3893209
This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract There is a gap between proposed theoretical attachment theory frameworks, measures of attachment in the assessment phase and their relationship with changes in outcome after a psychodynamic oriented psychotherapy. Based on a clinical case study of a young woman with Panic Attack Disorder, this paper examined psychotherapy outcome findings comparing initial and post-treatment assessments, according to the mental functioning in S...
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Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4138773
PubMed Central
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This article is from Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , volume 42 . Abstract The immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DSM 70424, Saccharomyces ludwigii DSM 3447 and Saccharomyces rouxii DSM 2531 on brewer’s spent grain and then ethanol production and sugar consumption of these immobilized yeasts were investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the abilities of these three immobilized yeasts for producing alcohol for brewing at two temperatures (7 and 12 °C) using two...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3769836
PubMed Central
by Davey, Mark W; Gudimella, Ranganath; Harikrishna, Jennifer Ann; Sin, Lee Wan; Khalid, Norzulaani; Keulemans, Johan
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This article is from BMC Genomics , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Modern banana cultivars are primarily interspecific triploid hybrids of two species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, which respectively contribute the A- and B-genomes. The M. balbisiana genome has been associated with improved vigour and tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses and is thus a target for Musa breeding programs. However, while a reference M. acuminata genome has recently been released (Nature 488:213–217,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3852598
This article is from Nephro-urology monthly , volume 4 . Abstract Background: Playing video games in childhood may help achieve advanced laparoscopic skills later in life. The virtual operating room will soon become a reality, as “doctor games 2.0” will doubtlessly begin to incorporate virtual laparoscopic techniques. Objectives: To teach surgical skills to schoolchildren in order to attract them to urology as a professional choice later in life. Materials and Methods: As part of EAU...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3614275
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This article is from BMC Neuroscience , volume 15 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4126561
PubMed Central
by Smith, Hannah Kendall; Nelson, Kevin Lee; Calaunan, Edison S; Smith, Arnold Lee; Nguyen, Victoria
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This article is from BMC Research Notes , volume 6 . Abstract Background: Haemophilus influenzae is a human-restricted facultative anaerobe which resides mostly in the oropharynx. The majority of isolates recovered from the throat are unencapsulated commensals (NTHi), but depending on host susceptibility they cause bronchitis, otitis media and on occasion bacteremia and meningitis. Because of the variable oxygen availability in the various niche permitting bacterium replication, the organism...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3723416
PubMed Central
by Rizwan, SA; Nongkynrih, Baridalyne; Gupta, Sanjeev Kumar
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This article is from Indian Journal of Community Medicine : Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine , volume 38 . Abstract Air pollution is responsible for many health problems in the urban areas. Of late, the air pollution status in Delhi has undergone many changes in terms of the levels of pollutants and the control measures taken to reduce them. This paper provides an evidence-based insight into the status of air pollution in Delhi and its effects on...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3612296
PubMed Central
by Nielsen, Peter E.
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This article is from Artificial DNA, PNA & XNA , volume 3 . Abstract The recent claim by Wolfe-Simon et al. that the Halomonas bacterial strain GFAJ-1 when grown in arsenate-containing medium with limiting phosphate is able to substitute phosphate with arsenate in biomolecules including nucleic acids and in particular DNA1 arose much skepticism, primarily due to the very limited chemical stability of arsenate esters (see ref. 2 and references therein). A major part of the criticisms was...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3368811
PubMed Central
by Ainsworth, Barbara E; Der Ananian, Cheryl; Soroush, Ali; Walker, Jenelle; Swan, Pamela; Poortvliet, Eric; Yngve, Agneta
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 12 . Abstract Background: We describe the study design and methods used in a 9-month pedometer-based worksite intervention called “ASUKI Step” conducted at the Karolinska Institutet (KI) in Stockholm, Sweden and Arizona State University (ASU) in the greater Phoenix area, Arizona. Methods/design: “ASUKI Step” was based on the theory of social support and a quasi-experimental design was used for evaluation. Participants included 2,118...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491028
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Health Services Research , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Sexual activity during adolescence is common in Vanuatu, however many adolescents lack access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and subsequently suffer a disproportionate burden of poor SRH. There is limited peer-reviewed research describing adolescents’ SRH service delivery preferences in Vanuatu to inform policy and programs. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the barriers...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3842673
PubMed Central
by Ritenberg, Margarita; Beilis, Edith; Ilovitsh, Asaf; Barkai, Zehava; Shahmoon, Asaf; Richter, Shachar; Zalevsky, Zeev; Jelinek, Raz
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This article is from Scientific Reports , volume 4 . Abstract Generation of macroscopic phenomena through manipulating nano-scale properties of materials is among the most fundamental goals of nanotechnology research. We demonstrate cooperative “speckle beats” induced through electric-field modulation of gold (Au) nanorods embedded in a transparent sol-gel host. Specifically, we show that placing the Au nanorod/sol-gel matrix in an alternating current (AC) field gives rise to dramatic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888977
PubMed Central
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This article is from Current Neuropharmacology , volume 11 . Abstract Despite the myriad promising new targets and candidate analgesics recently identified in preclinical pain studies, little translation to novel pain medications has been generated. The pain phenotype in humans involves complex behavioral alterations, including changes in daily living activities and psychological disturbances. These behavioral changes are not reflected by the outcome measures traditionally used in rodents for...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3849784
PubMed Central
by Apiwachaneewong, Sawat; Pongparinyagun, Plernpit; Somsaman, Tassanee; Buri, Wanna; Sudwilai, Hameenaoh
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 14 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4080133
PubMed Central
by Boerleider, Agatha W.; Francke, Anneke L.; van de Reep, Merle; Mannien, Judith; Wiegers, Therese A.; Deville, Walter L. J. M.
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Background: Several studies conducted in developed countries have explored postnatal care professionals' experiences with non-western women. These studies reported different cultural practices, lack of knowledge of the maternity care system, communication difficulties, and the important role of the baby's grandmother as care-giver in the postnatal period. However, not much attention has been paid in existing literature to postnatal care...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3951471
PubMed Central
by Carroll, Christopher; Booth, Andrew; Leaviss, Joanna; Rick, Jo
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This article is from BMC Medical Research Methodology , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Following publication of the first worked example of the “best fit” method of evidence synthesis for the systematic review of qualitative evidence in this journal, the originators of the method identified a need to specify more fully some aspects of this particular derivative of framework synthesis. Methods and Results: We therefore present a second such worked example in which all techniques are...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3618126
PubMed Central
by Yadav, Rahul; Dalela, Divakar; Goyal, Neeraj K.; Nagathan, Deepak; Sankhwar, Satya N.
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This article is from Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report , volume 4 . Abstract There are many urological and non-urological indications which require bilateral double J stenting. We describe a point of technique for simultaneous removal of both the Double J stents. Both the stents are held by stent removing forceps at a point where they cross each other and then removed in one go with the help of cystoscope. Medline search did not reveal any techniques of removing two DJ stents in one...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3673361
PubMed Central
by Thangavel, Rajagowthamee R; Reed, Aisha; Norcross, Erin W; Dixon, Sherrina N; Marquart, Mary E; Stray, Stephen J
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This article is from Virology Journal , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Influenza A virus evolution in humans is driven at least in part by mutations allowing the virus to escape antibody neutralization. Little is known about the evolution of influenza in birds, a major reservoir of influenza A. Methods: Neutralizing polyclonal antiserum was raised in chicken against reassortant influenza virus, CalX, bearing the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) of A/California/7/2004 [H3N2]. CalX was...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3339368
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This article is from Central European Journal of Urology , volume 66 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3992456
PubMed Central
by Lofters, Aisha; Slater, Morgan; Fumakia, Nishit; Thulien, Naomi
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This article is from Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , volume 7 . Abstract Background: “Brain drain” is a colloquial term used to describe the migration of health care workers from low-income and middle-income countries to higher-income countries. The consequences of this migration can be significant for donor countries where physician densities are already low. In addition, a significant number of migrating physicians fall victim to “brain waste” upon arrival in higher-income...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027850
PubMed Central
by Quayyum, Zahidul; Khan, Mohammad Nasir Uddin; Quayyum, Tasmeen; Nasreen, Hashima E; Chowdhury, Morseda; Ensor, Tim
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This article is from International Journal for Equity in Health , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Evidence from low and middle income countries (LMICs) suggests that maternal mortality is more prevalent among the poor whereas access to maternal health services is concentrated among the rich. In Bangladesh substantial inequities exist both in the use of facility-based basic obstetric care and for home births attended by skilled birth attendant. BRAC initiated an intervention on Improving...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3620556
PubMed Central
by Barros, Ana; Moreira, Luis; Santos, Helena; Ribeiro, Nuno; Carvalho, Luis; Santos-Silva, Filipe
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and thus represents a priority for national public health programs. Prevention has been assumed as the best strategy to reduce cancer burden, however most cancer prevention programs are implemented by healthcare professionals, which constrain range and educational impacts.We developed an innovative approach for cancer prevention education focused on high-school biology teachers,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4016009
PubMed Central
by Paillat, Thierry; Touchard, Gerard; Bertrand, Yves
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This article is from Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) , volume 12 . Abstract At a solid/liquid interface, physico-chemical phenomena occur that lead to the separation of electrical charges, establishing a zone called electrical double layer. The convection of one part of these charges by the liquid flow is the cause of the flow electrification phenomenon which is suspected of being responsible of incidents in the industry. The P' Institute of Poitiers University and CNRS has developed an original...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3522915
PubMed Central
by Todres, Les; Galvin, Kathleen T.; Dahlberg, Karin
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This article is from International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being , volume 9 . Abstract Understanding the “insider” perspective has been a pivotal strength of qualitative research. Further than this, within the more applied fields in which the human activity of “caring” takes place, such understanding of “what it is like” for people from within their lifeworlds has also been acknowledged as the foundational starting point in order for “care” to be...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3901386
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This article is from International Journal of Emergency Medicine , volume 4 . Abstract Brain abscess is not a common diagnosis as there are only approximately 2000 cases reported each year in the United States. There are three main routes of access to the brain including contiguous infection from the oropharynx, direct implantation and hematogenously. We present a case of brain abscess in a child who had multiple visits for ear pain to various physicians including pediatricians and to emergency...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3135508
This article is from International Journal of Preventive Medicine , volume 3 . Abstract Most oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OOSCCs) are in advanced stages at diagnosis, and treatment does not improve survival rates. Early recognition and diagnosis of OOSCCs might improve patient survival and reduce treatment-related morbidity. The purpose of this article is to create awareness among the general practitioners to recognize the premalignant and early malignant lesions and to...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3483004
PubMed Central
by Soto-Campos, Jose Gregorio; Plaza, Vicente; Soriano, Joan B; Cabrera-Lopez, Carlos; Almonacid-Sanchez, Carlos; Vazquez-Oliva, Rosa; Serrano, Jose; Ballaz-Quincoces, Aitor; Padilla-Galo, Alicia; Santos, Vanessa
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This article is from BMC Pulmonary Medicine , volume 13 . Abstract Background: There is limited information on the causes of death in asthma patients.To determine the causes of death in hospitalized asthmatic patients and to compare with those observed in COPD patients and non-respiratory individuals, with a particular interest in associations with previous cardiovascular disease. Methods: Retrospective case–control study which analyzed the deaths of all hospitalized patients admitted for any...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4029295
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 12 . Abstract Background: There is an increasing awareness of the impact of parental risk perception on the weight course of the child and the parent’s readiness to engage in preventive efforts, but only less is known about factors related to the parental perception of the right time for the implementation of preventive activities. The aim of this study was to examine parental perceptions of the appropriate time to engage in child weight...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3488478
This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Research has shown that individuals with schizophrenia use caffeine at higher rates than the general population; however, no qualitative research has been undertaken investigating problematic caffeine use and its effects on this population. This article explores the role of caffeine consumption in the lives of people with schizophrenia through a narrative analysis of the attitudes and beliefs associated with this practice,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999484
PubMed Central
by Raeessi, Mohammad Ali; Raeessi, Neda; Panahi, Yunes; Gharaie, Homa; Davoudi, Seyyed Masoud; Saadat, Alireza; Karimi Zarchi, Ali Akbar; Raeessi, Fereshteh; Ahmadi, Seyyed Mostafa; Jalalian, Hamidreza
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This article is from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Oral mucositis is one of the common complications of cancer chemotherapy and about 40% of the patients who take chemotherapy protocols, experience this irritating problem. The purpose of this study was to draw comparison between the therapeutic effects of our treatment modalities (topical steroid, honey, honey plus coffee) in patients suffering from oral mucositis. Methods: This was a double...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4150938
PubMed Central
by Blum, Kenneth; Han, David; Madigan, Margaret A; Lohmann, Raquel; Braverman, Eric R
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This article is from BMC Research Notes , volume 7 . Abstract Background: Various trials have been conducted on the management and treatment of androgenic alopecia (AGA) or male pattern hair loss using a variety of laser and light sources. Methods: For this feasibility study, the population was composed of males between the ages of 20 and 60 years who have been experiencing active hair loss within the last 12 months and the diagnosis of AGA. They also had a Norwood-Hamilton classification of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3974052
PubMed Central
by Snelgrove, John W; Jasudavisius, Amanda M; Rowe, Bradley W; Head, Evan M; Bauer, Greta R
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This article is from BMC Health Services Research , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Members of the transgender community have identified healthcare access barriers, yet a corresponding inquiry into healthcare provider perspectives has lagged. Our aim was to examine physician perceptions of barriers to healthcare provision for transgender patients. Methods: This was a qualitative study with physician participants from Ontario, Canada. Semi-structured interviews were used to capture a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3464167
PubMed Central
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This article is from Annals of Gastroenterology : Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology , volume 27 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073033
This article is from Comparative Cytogenetics , volume 5 . Abstract AbstractThe genus Calisto Hübner, 1823 is the only member of the diverse, global subfamily Satyrinae found in the West Indies, and by far the richest endemic Caribbean butterfly radiation. Calisto species occupy an extremely diverse array of habitats, suggestive of adaptive radiation on the scale of other classic examples such as the Galápagos or Darwin’s finches. However, a reliable species classification is a key...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3833777
PubMed Central
by Knapp, David J. H. F.; McGovern, Rachel A.; Poon, Art F. Y.; Zhong, Xiaoyin; Chan, Dennison; Swenson, Luke C.; Dong, Winnie; Harrigan, P. Richard
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Next generation, “deep”, sequencing has increasing applications both clinically and in disparate fields of research. This study investigates the accuracy and reproducibility of “deep” sequencing as applied to co-receptor prediction using the V3 loop of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1. Despite increasing use in HIV co-receptor prediction, the accuracy and reproducibility of deep sequencing technology, and the factors which can affect it,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4069016
PubMed Central
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This article is from Diabetes , volume 62 . Abstract Based on evidence that patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), obese insulin-resistant individuals, and lean insulin-resistant offspring of parents with T2DM have ∼30% less mitochondria in their muscles than lean control subjects, it appears to be widely accepted that mitochondrial “deficiency” is responsible for insulin resistance. The proposed mechanism for this effect is an impaired ability to oxidize fat, resulting in lipid...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609559
PubMed Central
by Hohenforst-Schmidt, Wolfgang; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Oezkan, Filiz; Mahnkopf, Christian; Grabenbauer, Gerhard; Kreczy, Alfons; Bartunek, Rudolf; Darwiche, Kaid; Freitag, Lutz; Li, Qiang; Huang, Haidong; Vogl, Thomas; LePilvert, Patrick; Tsiouda, Theodora; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos; Brachmann, Johannes
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This article is from Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , volume 10 . Abstract Vasointestinal peptide metabolism plays a key physiological role in multimodular levels of vasodilatory, smooth muscle cell proliferative, parenchymal, and inflammatory lung reactions. In animal studies, vasointestinal peptide relaxes isolated pulmonary arterial segments from several mammalian species in vitro and neutralizes the pulmonary vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin. In some animal models, it reduces...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3972028
PubMed Central
by Pappas, Dimitrios A; Kremer, Joel M; Reed, George; Greenberg, Jeffrey D; Curtis, Jeffrey R
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This article is from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , volume 15 . Abstract Background: Comparative effectiveness research has recently attracted considerable attention. The Comparative Effectiveness Registry to study Therapies for Arthritis and Inflammatory Conditions (CERTAIN) is an ongoing prospective cohort study of adult patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Methods/Design: CERTAIN uses the existing Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America (CORRONA) network of participating...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3978136
PubMed Central
by Venkatnarayan, Kavitha; Madan, Karan; Walia, Ritika; Kumar, Jaya; Jain, Deepali; Guleria, Randeep
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This article is from Lung India : Official Organ of Indian Chest Society , volume 31 . Abstract Lipoid pneumonia is an unusual and uncommon form of pneumonia caused by aspiration of fatty substances. Hydrocarbon pneumonitis following aspiration of diesel is a form of exogenous lipoid pneumonia wherein, aspirated diesel reaches the alveoli rapidly without evoking any significant cough, but initiates an intense inflammatory reaction in the pulmonary parenchyma. This is a rarely described clinical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3960815
This article is from Microbial Cell Factories , volume 11 . Abstract Background: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play an important role in agricultural as well as industrial biotechnology. Development of improved LAB strains using e.g. library approaches is often limited by low transformation efficiencies wherefore one reason could be differences in the DNA methylation patterns between the Escherichia coli intermediate host for plasmid amplification and the final LAB host. In the present study, we...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3526553
PubMed Central
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This article is from Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine : Peer-reviewed, Official Publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine , volume 18 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4033868
PubMed Central
by Giroldi, Esther; Veldhuijzen, Wemke; Mannaerts, Alexandra; van der Weijden, Trudy; Bareman, Frits; van der Vleuten, Cees
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This article is from BMC Family Practice , volume 15 . Abstract Background: Many patients who consult their GP are worried about their health, but there is little empirical data on strategies for effective reassurance. To gain a better understanding of mechanisms for effective patient reassurance, we explored cognitions underlying patients’ worries, cognitions underlying reassurance and factors supporting patients’ reassuring cognitions. Methods: In a qualitative study, we conducted...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4008437
This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract In the present study, we investigated a total of fifty-one 3.5-, 4.5-, and 5.5-year-old children’s expectations about another person’s helping behaviors. We asked children to complete a story in which one person failed to complete his goal (e.g., because an object was misplaced or put out of his reach) while the other person observed the event. We asked whether the children expected the other person to help the protagonist...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026750
PubMed Central
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This article is from Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy , volume 3 . Abstract Study of ethical behavior among medical representatives in the profession is an under-portrayed component that deserves further perusal in the pharmaceutical industry. The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of organizational culture on ethical behavior of medical representatives. Medical representatives working for both domestic and multinational companies constitutes the sample (n=300). Data is...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979241
This article is from F1000Research , volume 2 . Abstract From September 2012 to July 2013, 81 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 45 deaths (a case fatality ratio of 55%) have been reported from eight countries. Human-to-human transmission is now confirmed showing potential for another pandemic of zoonotic disease, with an extremely high mortality rate. Effective surveillance strategies are required in countries with a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3886786
PubMed Central
by Matthews, Anne; Brennan, Graham; Kelly, Paul; McAdam, Chloe; Mutrie, Nanette; Foster, Charles
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 12 . Abstract Background: This study aimed to examine the experiences of walking promotion professionals on the range and effectiveness of recruitment strategies used within community based walking programmes within the United Kingdom. Methods: Two researchers recruited and conducted semi-structured interviews with managers and project co-ordinators of community based walking programmes, across the UK, using a purposive sampling frame. Twenty...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3490991
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This article is from International Journal of Circumpolar Health , volume 72 . Abstract Background: The health and educational systems in Greenland and Nunavut are reflections of those in Denmark and Southern Canada, with the language of instruction and practise being Danish and English. This places specific demands on Inuit studying nursing. Objective: This paper discusses the experiences of Inuit who are educated in nursing programmes and practise in healthcare systems located in the Arctic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3754544
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This article is from Cell Cycle , volume 11 . Abstract Comment on: Menendez JA, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:2782–92.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3442906
PubMed Central
by Zorron, Ricardo; Phillips, Henrique N.; Wynn, Greg; Neto, Manoel P. Galvao; Coelho, Djalma; Vassallo, Ricardo C.
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This article is from Journal of Minimal Access Surgery , volume 10 . Abstract BACKGROUND:: Applications for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) to access the abdominal cavity have increased in recent years. Despite potential advantages of transanal and transcolonic NOTES for colorectal pathology, it has not been widely applied in the clinical setting. This study describes a series of nine patients for whom we performed transanal retrograde (“Down-to-Up”) total mesorectal...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4083547
PubMed Central
by Huppertz-Hauss, Gert; Chengarov, Lubomir; Dahler, Stein; J?rgensen, Anita; Moritz, Volker; Paulsen, J?rn; Hoff, Geir
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This article is from BMC Gastroenterology , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Logistics handling referrals for gastroscopy may be more time consuming than the examination itself. For the patient, "drop in" gastroscopy may reduce uncertainty, inadequate therapy and time off work. Methods: After an 8-9 month run-in period we asked patients, hospital staff and GPs to fill in a questionnaire to evaluate their experience with "drop in" gastroscopy and gastroscopy by appointment,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3293713
This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 4 . Abstract The English term “early psychosis” was coined in the 1930s to refer to feelings of irritability, loss of concentration, hypochondriac ideas, moodiness, and lassitude that were seen to precede the onset of clear-cut hallucinations and delusions. The history of thinking about “early psychosis” under names such as “latent,” “masked,” “mild,” “simple” or “sluggish” schizophrenia before World War II and...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3725455
This article is from Journal of Foot and Ankle Research , volume 6 . Abstract Background: Calcaneal apophysitis, also commonly known as sever’s disease, is a condition seen in children usually aged between 8–15 years. Conservative therapies, such as taping, heel lifts and orthotic intervention are accepted management practices for calcaneal apophysitis, though there is very little high quality research examining the efficacy of such treatment modalities. Previous narrative literature...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3663667
PubMed Central
by Parisi, Pasquale; Verrotti, Alberto; Paolino, Maria Chiara; Castaldo, Rosa; Ianniello, Filomena; Ferretti, Alessandro; Chiarelli, Francesco; Villa, Maria Pia
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This article is from Italian Journal of Pediatrics , volume 37 . Abstract The genetic causes underlying epilepsy remain largely unknown, and the impact of available genetic data on the nosology of epilepsy is still limited. Thus, at present, classification of epileptic disorders should be mainly based on electroclinical features. Electro-clinical syndrome is a term used to identify a group of clinical entities showing a cluster of electro-clinical characteristics, with signs and symptoms that...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267655
PubMed Central
by Adhikari, HD; Kapoor, AK; Prakash, Udai; Srivastava, AB
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This article is from Journal of Conservative Dentistry : JCD , volume 14 . Abstract Aim:: The aim of this study is to show that a change in occlusal contacting pattern of tooth has definite influence over the behavior of orofacial musculature, resulting deleterious effect on it. Keeping this in view, the electromyographic (EMG) activity of temporalis and masseter muscles in rest position of mandible, maximum clenching and chewing, was studied in total 24 subjects--14 subjects with normal...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3146101
PubMed Central
by Carruthers, Erin C; Rogers, Pamela; Backman, Catherine L; Goldsmith, Charles H; Gignac, Monique A; Marra, Carlo; Village, Judy; Li, Linda C; Esdaile, John M; Lacaille, Diane
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This article is from BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions are the leading cause of long-term work disability (WD), an outcome with a major impact on quality of life and a high cost to society. The importance of decreased at-work productivity has also recently been recognized. Despite the importance of these problems, few interventions have been developed to reduce the impact of arthritis on employment. We have...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4123503
PubMed Central
by Vaskova, E.A.; Stekleneva, A.E.; Medvedev, S.P.; Zakian, S.M.
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This article is from Acta Naturae , volume 5 . Abstract To date biomedicine and pharmacology have required generating new and more consummate models. One of the most perspective trends in this field is using induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). iPSC application requires careful high-throughput analysis at the molecular, epigenetic, and functional levels. The methods used have revealed that the expression pattern of genes and microRNA, DNA methylation, as well as the set and pattern of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3890985
PubMed Central
by Jeevani, Eppala; Jayaprakash, Thumu; Bolla, Nagesh; Vemuri, Sayesh; Sunil, Chukka Ram; Kalluru, Rama S
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This article is from Journal of Conservative Dentistry : JCD , volume 17 . Abstract Aim:: To evaluate the sealing ability of MICRO-MEGA Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Endosequence, Biodentine as furcation repair materials using a dye extraction leakage method. Materials and Methods:: Forty mandibular molars were randomly divided according to the material used for perforation repair. Group I- (left unsealed) control, Group II-MICRO-MEGA Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Group III - Endosequence, Group IV...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4127692
This article is from Global Health Action , volume 6 . Abstract Context: In the South African mining sector, cardiorespiratory-specific autopsies are conducted under the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act (ODMWA) on deceased mineworkers to determine eligibility for compensation. However, low levels of autopsy utilisation undermine the value of the service. Objective: To explore enablers and barriers to consent that impact on ODMWA autopsy utilisation for posthumous monetary...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3556717
This article is from BMC Cancer , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in North America and Western Europe. Patients with lung cancer in general have reduced physical capacity, functional capacity, poor quality of life and increased levels of anxiety and depression. Intervention studies indicate that physical training can address these issues. However, there is a lack of decisive evidence regarding the effect of physical exercise in patients with...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3816603
PubMed Central
by Rafati, Maryam; Ghadirzadeh, Mohammad R; Heshmati, Yaser; Adibi, Homeira; Keihanidoust, Zarrintaj; Eshraghian, Mohammad R; Dastan, Jila; Hoseini, Azadeh; Purhoseini, Marzieh; Ghaffari, Saeed R
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This article is from Molecular Cytogenetics , volume 5 . Abstract Background: Cryptic subtelomeric rearrangements have been proposed as a significant cause of sporadic intellectual disability (ID) but the role of such aberrations in familial ID has not yet been studied. As positive family history of ID had been proposed as an important and significant predicting factor of subtelomeric rearrangements, it was assumed that the contribution of subtelomeric aberrations in familial ID would be much...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3284400
PubMed Central
by Domingos, Renan F; Vieira, Monica L; Romero, Eliete C; Goncales, Amane Paldes; de Morais, Zenaide M; Vasconcellos, Silvio A; Nascimento, Ana L T O
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This article is from BMC Microbiology , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Leptospirosis is considered a re-emerging infectious disease caused by pathogenic spirochaetes of the genus Leptospira. Pathogenic leptospires have the ability to survive and disseminate to multiple organs after penetrating the host. Leptospires were shown to express surface proteins that interact with the extracellular matrix (ECM) and to plasminogen (PLG). This study examined the interaction of two putative leptospiral...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3444417
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Health Services Research , volume 11 . Abstract Background: An increasing number of individuals with complex health care needs now receive life-long and life-prolonging ventilatory support at home. Family members often take on the role of primary caregivers. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of families giving advanced care to family members dependent on home mechanical ventilation. Methods: Using qualitative research methods, a Grounded Theory...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3146406
PubMed Central
by Gozlan, Yosi M; Tzehoval, Esther; Eisenbach, Lea
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This article is from Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer , volume 1 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3991362
PubMed Central
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This article is from ZooKeys . Abstract AbstractThe first proven abyssal record of Stenosemus exaratus (G.O. Sars, 1878) is presented on the basis of an ROV study in the Irish Sea. For the first time in situ images of the species and data on the environmental parameters are provided.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3677360
PubMed Central
by Abed, Jean; Judeh, Hani; Abed, Elie; Kim, Matthew; Arabelo, Haword; Gurunathan, Rajan
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This article is from Nutrition Journal , volume 13 . Abstract Case: A 25-year-old woman with chronic anorexia nervosa and depression presented with sudden weakness and fatigue. Psychosocial history was notable for binge-starve cycles over the past year and a decline in overall well-being. Vitals on presentation were notable for hypothermia, hypotension, and bradycardia. Initial exam was significant for emaciation, lethargy, and lower extremity edema. Laboratory work-up revealed markedly...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4168120
This article is from The Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging , volume 23 . Abstract Flow compensation, a gradient pulse used for artifact reduction, often used to suppress cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow artifacts in spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can be switched off to make the CSF flow voids within syrinx (syringomyelia) and within aqueduct [normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)] more obvious (thus confirming CSF flow). It is a simple method which does not require much time or...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3737625
PubMed Central
by Kelly, Bridget; Baur, Louise A; Bauman, Adrian E; King, Lesley; Chapman, Kathy; Smith, Ben J
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This article is from The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing influences their food knowledge, preferences and consumption. Sport sponsorship by food companies is widespread and industry investment in this marketing is increasing. This study aimed to assess children's awareness of sport sponsors and their brand-related attitudes and purchasing intentions in response to this...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3179435
PubMed Central
by Stalstedt, Jeanette; Bergsten, Johannes; Ronquist, Fredrik
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This article is from Ecology and Evolution , volume 3 . Abstract In many groups of organisms, especially in the older literature, it has been common practice to recognize sympatrically occurring phenotypic variants of a species as “forms”. However, what these forms really represent often remains unclear, especially in poorly studied groups. With new algorithms for DNA-based species delimitation, the status of forms can be explicitly tested with molecular data. In this study, we test a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3797488
PubMed Central
by Singh, Ashish; Singh, Manish; Singh, Ajai Kumar; Singh, Deepti; Singh, Pratibha; Sharma, Abhishek
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This article is from International Journal of Trichology , volume 3 . Abstract References form the backbone of any medical literature. Presently, because of high inflation, it is very difficult for any library/organization/college to purchase all journals. The condition is even worse for an individual person, such as private practitioners. The solution lies in the free availability of full-text articles. Here, the authors share their experiences about the accessibility of free full-text...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3250025
This article is from Surgical Neurology International , volume 5 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4135539
PubMed Central
by Belkin, Amanda; Albright, Karen; Fier, Kaitlin; Desserich, Jennifer; Swigris, Jeffrey J
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This article is from Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, progressive lung disease that affects almost exclusively women and is most often diagnosed before menopause. The main symptom of LAM is shortness of breath. LAM patients’ perceptions of how the disease impacts their lives is largely unknown, but such information could be useful to generate patient reported outcome measures for use in drug trials (or other...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4038366
PubMed Central
by Testa-Fernandez, Ana; Rios-Vazquez, Ramon; Sieira-Rodriguez-Moret, Juan; Franco-Gutierrez, Raul; Pena-Gil, Carlos; Perez-Fernandez, Ruth; Puebla-Rojo, Victor; Regueiro-Abel, Margarita; Gonzalez-Juanatey, Carlos
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This article is from Journal of Medical Case Reports , volume 5 . Abstract Introduction: The exercise treadmill test is widely used in the evaluation of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. The typical ischemic response used to be ST-segment depression. Case presentation: We describe a case of a 51-year-old Caucasian man with an unusual ischemic response during the exercise treadmill test: a "giant R wave" electrocardiogram pattern as a manifestation of hyperacute...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3162540
PubMed Central
by Robbins, Lorraine B; Pfeiffer, Karin A; Vermeesch, Amber; Resnicow, Kenneth; You, Zhiying; An, Lawrence; Wesolek, Stacey M
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Increasing moderate to vigorous physical activity among urban girls of low socioeconomic status is both a challenge and a public health priority. Physical activity interventions targeting exclusively girls remain limited, and maintenance of moderate to vigorous physical activity during the post-intervention period has been difficult to maintain. The main aim of the 5-year “Girls on the Move” group randomized trial is...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3661346
PubMed Central
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This article is from The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences , volume 69 . Abstract Objectives.This study investigated the relationship of gratitude to wisdom. Both constructs are conceptually related to self-reflectivity, but they differ in their emphasis on extrapersonal resources. Previous wisdom research has focused mainly on intrapersonal capacities. Method.In Study 1, 47 wisdom nominees and 47 control participants were interviewed about their most...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4141499