A method is developed for determining acoustic liner admittance in a rectangular duct with grazing flow. The axial propagation constant, cross mode order, and mean flow profile is measured. These measured data are then input into an analytical program which determines the unknown admittance value. The analytical program is based upon a finite element discretization of the acoustic field and a reposing of the unknown admittance value as a linear eigenvalue problem on the admittance value....

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACOUSTIC DUCTS, ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENT, AEROACOUSTICS,...

The determination of mean streamline patterns by moving the test point in the direction of the measured velocity is shown to produce cumulative errors that are unacceptable. A two-dimensional algorithm that minimizes these errors is presented and is analytically validated using simple potential flows. The algorithm is extended to three-dimensional flows and is again validated analytically. Finally, as an example of a typical application of the algorithm, mean streamlines are measured in a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, LASER ANEMOMETERS, THREE...

The analytical capability of the existing Two-Dimensional Kinetics (TDK)/Boundary Layer Module (BLM) computer program for performance of Orbit Transfer Vehicle (OTV) thrust chambers was examined. Areas which need further examination and improvement are the thick boundary layer inviscid core flow interaction and the related thrust loss calculation. To warrant highly accurate results the provision of the best available program input data is mandatory, as well as, the use of sophisticated modeling...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW,...

A shadowgraph study concerning two of the proposed Shuttle-C launch vehicle configurations are presented. These shadowgraphs were obtained from a wind tunnel test performed in Marshall Space Flight Center's 14-in trisonic wind tunnel at various angles-of-attack and roll angles over the Mach range of 0.6 to 4.96. Variations in payload bay length were also evaluated. Major flow field phenomena can easily be seen in the shadowgraphs. Shadowgraphs are a valuable resource. They are used in the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW DISTRIBUTION, FLOW VISUALIZATION, LAUNCH VEHICLE...

A production 3-D elliptic flow code has been used to calculate non-reacting and reacting flow fields in an experimental mixing section relevant to a rich burn/quick mix/lean burn (RQL) combustion system. A number of test cases have been run to assess the effects of the variation in the number of orifices, mass flow ratio, and rich-zone equivalence ratio on the flow field and mixing rates. The calculated normalized temperature profiles for the non-reacting flow field agree qualitatively well...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, DUCTED...

The objectives of the research are to improve design capabilities for low thrust rocket engines through understanding of the detailed mixing and combustion processes. A Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) technique is employed to model the flowfields within the combustor, nozzle, and near plume field. The computational modeling of the rocket engine flowfields requires the application of the complete Navier-Stokes equations, coupled with species diffusion equations. Of particular interest is a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, FLOW...

In this paper, we describe a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique based on unstructured triangular/tetrahedral meshes. A finite-volume scheme is used in conjunction with a multi-stage Runge-Kutta algorithm. Convergence enhancements in the form of dual time-stepping and time-derivative preconditioning are used to overcome the limitations of conventional multi-stage schemes. The method is applied to propulsion-related flows and shown to perform satisfactorily.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS,...

The present study is a continuation of the examination by Hamilton et al. of the regeneration mechanisms of near-wall turbulence and an attempt to investigate the conjecture of Waleffe et al. The basis of this study is an extension of the 'minimal channel' approach of Jimenez and Moin that emphasizes the near-wall region and reduces the complexity of the turbulent flow by considering a plane Couette flow of near minimum Reynolds number and stream-wise and span-wise extent. Reduction of the flow...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COUETTE FLOW, FLOW...

The simulation of advanced solidification processes via digital computer techniques has gained widespread acceptance during the last decade or so. Models today can predict transient temperature fields, fluid flow fields, important microstructural parameters, and potential defects in castings. However, the lack of accurate thermophysical property data on important industrial alloys threatens to limit the ability of manufacturers to fully capitalize on the technology's benefits. A study of the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CRYSTAL DEFECTS, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, MATHEMATICAL MODELS,...

A two-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver developed for detailed study of wave rotor flow dynamics is described. The CFD model is helping characterize important loss mechanisms within the wave rotor. The wave rotor stationary ports and the moving rotor passages are resolved on multiple computational grid blocks. The finite-volume form of the thin-layer Navier-Stokes equations with laminar viscosity are integrated in time using a four-stage Runge-Kutta scheme. Roe's approximate Riemann solution...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, INLET FLOW, NAVIER-STOKES...

Multiple venturi fuel injectors were used to obtain uniform fuel distributions, better atomization and vaporization in the premixing/prevaporizing section of a lean premixed/prevaporized flame tube combustor. A focused Schlieren system was used to investigate the fuel/air mixing effectiveness of various fuel injection configurations. The Schlieren system was focused to a plane within the flow field of a test section equipped with optical windows. The focused image plane was parallel to the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW VISUALIZATION, FUEL INJECTION, FUEL-AIR RATIO,...

An analysis of experimental laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) data uncertainties that propagate from measurements in the tunnel coordinate system to results in the model system are provided. Calculations of uncertainties as functions of the variables that comprise the final result requires assessment of the contribution each variable makes. Such an analysis enables and necessitates the experimentalists to identify and address the contributing error sources in the experimental measurement system....

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COORDINATE TRANSFORMATIONS, FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, FLOW...

Rarefied flows about hypersonic vehicles entering the upper atmosphere or through nozzles expanding into a near vacuum may only be simulated accurately with a direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. Under this grant, researchers enhanced the models employed in the DSMC method and performed simulations in support of existing NASA projects or missions. DSMC models were developed and validated for simulating rotational, vibrational, and chemical relaxation in high-temperature flows, including...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROBRAKING, FLIGHT SIMULATION, HEAT TRANSFER, HIGH ALTITUDE,...

The primary objective of this work was to demonstrate the feasibility of a new potential/viscous flow coupling procedure for reducing computational effort while maintaining solution accuracy. This closed-loop, overlapped velocity-coupling concept has been developed in a new two-dimensional code, ZAP2D (Zonal Aerodynamics Program - 2D), a three-dimensional code for wing analysis, ZAP3D (Zonal Aerodynamics Program - 3D), and a three-dimensional code for isolated helicopter rotors in hover, ZAPR3D...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, FEEDBACK CONTROL, FLOW...

A shadowgraph study of the National Launch System's (NLS's) 1 1/2 stage and heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV) configurations is presented. Shadowgraphs are shown for the range of Mach numbers from Mach 0.6 to 5.0 at various angles-of-attack and roll angles. Since the 1 1/2 stage configuration is generally symmetric, no shadowgraphs of any roll angle are shown for this configuration. The major flow field phenomena over the NLS 1 1/2 stage and HLLV configurations are shown in the shadowgraphs....

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW DISTRIBUTION, FLOW VISUALIZATION, HEAVY LIFT LAUNCH...

A viewgraph presentation is made of the objectives, capabilities, and test results of the computer code SCISEAL. Currently, the seal code has: a finite volume, pressure-based integration scheme; colocated variables with strong conservation approach; high-order spatial differencing, up to third-order; up to second-order temporal differencing; a comprehensive set of boundary conditions; a variety of turbulence models and surface roughness treatment; moving grid formulation for arbitrary rotor...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID...

This report provides a concise summary of the contribution of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to the SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) project at NASA Ames and presents results obtained from closed- and open-cavity SOFIA simulations. The aircraft platform is a Boeing 747SP and these are the first SOFIA simulations run with the aircraft empennage included in the geometry database. In the open-cavity run the telescope is mounted behind the wings. Results suggest that the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, BOEING 747 AIRCRAFT, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...

An oil flow study of the reference Shuttle-C configuration is presented. The Shuttle-C vehicle was a proposed shuttle derived vehicle where the orbiter was to be replaced by an unmanned cargo carrier element. Oil flows are shown for the range of Mach numbers from Mach 1.10 to 3.48 at various angles-of-attack and roll angles. The major flow field phenomena over the Shuttle-C reference configuration are shown in these oil flows. Using the oil flows, a qualitative understanding of the flow around...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW DISTRIBUTION, FLOW VISUALIZATION, FLUID FLOW, LAUNCH...

A flow survey has been made of the test section of the NASA Langley Research Center 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel at subsonic and supersonic speeds. The survey was performed using five five-hole pyramid-head probes mounted at 14 inch intervals on a survey rake. Probes were calibrated at freestream Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.95 and from 1.18 to 1.23. Flowfield surveys were made at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.90 and at Mach 1.20. The surveys were made at tunnel stations 130.6, 133.6, and 136.0. By...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CALIBRATING, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, TEST CHAMBERS, TRANSONIC WIND...

The computation of flows within interconnected, multiple-disk cavities shows strong interaction between the cavities and the power stream. For this reason, simulations of single cavities in such cases are not realistic; the complete, linked configuration must be considered. Unsteady flow fields affect engine stability and can engender power-stream-driven secondary flows that produce local hot spotting or general cavity heating. Further, a concentric whirling rotor produces a circumferential...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CAVITIES, ENGINE DESIGN, INGESTION (ENGINES), INTERNAL FLOW,...

This report presents the results obtained from an experimental analysis of the flow field in the slots of the star grain section in the head-end of the advanced solid rocket motor during the ignition transient. This work represents an extension of the previous tests and analysis to include the effects of using a center port in conjunction with multiple canted igniter ports. The flow field measurements include oil smear data on the star slot walls, pressure and heat transfer coefficient...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ADVANCED SOLID ROCKET MOTOR (STS), FLOW DISTRIBUTION, HEAT...

The plotting of streamlines is an effective way of visualizing fluid motion in steady flows. Additional information about the flowfield, such as local rotation and expansion, can be shown by drawing in the form of a ribbon or tube. In this paper, we present efficient algorithms for the construction of streamlines, streamribbons and streamtubes on unstructured grids. A specialized version of the Runge-Kutta method has been developed to speed up the integration of particle paths. We have also...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, FLOW VISUALIZATION,...

Recent reviews of our understanding of flame spread across liquids show that there are many unresolved issues regarding the phenomenology and causal mechanisms affecting ignition susceptibility, flame spread characteristics, and flame spread rates. One area of discrepancy is the effect of buoyancy in both the uniform and pulsating spread regimes. The approach we have taken to resolving the importance of buoyancy for these flames is: (1) normal gravity (1g) and microgravity (micro g)...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIR FLOW, FLAME PROPAGATION, FLAMES, FORCED CONVECTION,...

Most of energy used by us is generated by combustion of liquid and solid fuels. These fuels are burned in combustors mainly as liquid sprays and pulverized solids, respectively. A knowledge of the combustion processes in combustors is needed to achieve proper designs that have stable operation, high efficiency, and low emission levels. However, current understanding of liquid and solid particle cloud combustion is far from complete. If combustion experiments for these fuels are performed under...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMBUSTION PHYSICS, CONVECTIVE FLOW, EXHAUST CLOUDS, EXHAUST...

To reduce pollutant formation there is, at present, an increased interest in employing premixed fuel/air mixture in combustion devices. It is well known that greater control over local temperature can be achieved with premixed flames and with lean premixed mixtures, significant reduction of pollutants such as NO(x) can be achieved. However, an issue that is still unresolved is the predictability of the flame propagation speed in turbulent premixed mixtures, especially in lean mixtures. Although...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COUETTE FLOW, FLAME...

Collector scrolls on high performance centrifugal pumps are currently designed with methods which are based on very approximate flowfield models. Such design practices result in some volute configurations causing excessive side loads even at design flowrates. The purpose of this study was to develop and verify computational design tools which may be used to optimize volute configurations with respect to avoiding excessive loads on the bearings. The new design methodology consisted of a volute...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CASING, CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS, DESIGN ANALYSIS, FLOW...

We have studied an outstanding sequence of continuum images of the solar granulation from Pic du Midi Observatory. We have calculated the horizontal vector flow field using a correlation tracking algorithm, and from this determined three scalar field: the vertical component of the curl; the horizontal divergence; and the horizontal flow speed. The divergence field has substantially longer coherence time and more power than does the curl field. Statistically, curl is better correlated with...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DIVERGENCE, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS,...

The F/A-18A aircraft has experienced engine stalls at high angles-of-attack and yaw flight conditions which were outside of its flight envelope. Future aircraft may be designed to operate routinely in this flight regime. Therefore, it is essential that an understanding of the inlet flow field at these flight conditions be obtained. Due to the complex interactions of the fuselage and inlet flow fields, a study of the flow within the inlet must also include external effects. Full Navier-Stokes...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ANGLE OF ATTACK, F-18 AIRCRAFT, FLIGHT TESTS, INLET FLOW,...

The turbomachinery wake flow development is largely influenced by streamline curvature and streamwise pressure gradient. The objective of this investigation is to study the development of the wake under the influence of streamline curvature and streamwise pressure gradient. The experimental investigation is carried out in two phases. The first phase involves the study of the wake behind a stationary circular cylinder (steady wake) in curved channels at positive, zero, and negative streamwise...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TURBULENT WAKES, UNSTEADY FLOW, PRESSURE GRADIENTS, REYNOLDS...

An efficient means of adaptive refinement within systems of overset grids is presented. Problem domains are segregated into near-body and off-body fields. Near-body fields are discretized via overlapping body-fitted grids that extend only a short distance from body surfaces. Off-body fields are discretized via systems of overlapping uniform Cartesian grids of varying levels of refinement. a novel off-body grid generation and management scheme provides the mechanism for carrying out adaptive...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS, GRID GENERATION (MATHEMATICS), FLOW...

An experiment was performed on the flap tip vortex shed from a half span Fowler flap. This flap was mounted on a 5 foot span NACA 63(2)-215 Mod B airfoil in the 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel at NASA Ames Research Center. Several noise reduction studies were performed with this model, and the addition of the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) research discussed here served as a proof case of large scale PIV. The measurement plane investigated here was a cross plane region. This is cross plane relative...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY, WIND TUNNEL TESTS, VORTICES, FLOW...

Three-dimensional flow field measurements are presented for a large scale transonic turbine blade cascade. Flow field total pressures and pitch and yaw flow angles were measured at an inlet Reynolds number of 1.0 x 10(exp 6) and at an isentropic exit Mach number of 1.3 in a low turbulence environment. Flow field data was obtained on five pitchwise/spanwise measurement planes, two upstream and three downstream of the cascade, each covering three blade pitches. Three-hole boundary layer probes...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW, TURBINE BLADES, CASCADE FLOW, FLOW...

We present local and global techniques to visualize three-dimensional vector field data. Using the Line Integral Convolution (LIC) method to image the global vector field, our new algorithm allows the user to introduce colored 'dye' into the vector field to highlight local flow features. A fast algorithm is proposed that quickly recomputes the dyed LIC images. In addition, we introduce volume rendering methods that can map the LIC texture on any contour surface and/or translucent region defined...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW VISUALIZATION, DYES, ALGORITHMS, FLOW DISTRIBUTION,...

In this work, we describe a preliminary investigation of buoyancy-driven heat transfer during the growth of thin films from solution following exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Irradiation of the growth cell occurs at various directions relative to gravitational acceleration. Through numerical computations, the steady-state flow and temperature profiles are simulated during the course of light exposure. Light-induced polymerization accompanies a heat transfer process through a fairly...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONVECTION, THIN FILMS, HEAT TRANSFER, MONOMERS, CRYSTAL...

The occurrence of large scale structures in the post stall flow over a rectangular wing at high angles of attack was investigated in a small-scale subsonic wind tunnel. Mean and time dependent measurements within the separated flow field suggest the existence of two distinct angle of attack regimes beyond wing stall. The shallow stall regime occurs over a narrow range of incidence angles (2-3 deg.) immediately following the inception of leading edge separation. In this regime, the principal...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), UNSTEADY FLOW, ANGLE OF ATTACK, SUBSONIC WIND TUNNELS,...

An analytical study was performed as part of the NASA Lewis support of a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) aircraft accident investigation. The study was focused on the performance degradation associated with ice contamination on the wing of a commercial turbo-prop-powered aircraft. Based upon the results of an earlier numerical study conducted by the authors, a prominent ridged-ice formation on the subject aircraft wing was selected for detailed flow analysis using 2-dimensional...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ICE FORMATION, WINGS, NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION, CONTAMINATION,...

This report describes the work done by SciberNet, Inc. during the month of January. During this time, we primarily worked on further analysis of the results presented at the AGU as well as writing them up for publication. Using large scale simulations, we showed that the magnetopause during the southward IMF case is quite irregular with varying thickness, and has a complex flow pattern owing to the nonlinear effects of the convective flow superimposed on the flows generated in the reconnection...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACE PLASMAS, PLASMA INTERACTIONS, MAGNETOPAUSE, MAGNETIC...

The flow about slender, pointed bodies can be characterized by different states with angle of attack. At moderate-to-high angles of attack (alpha approx. = 40 deg.), a steady, asymmetric vortex pattern develops along the body, leading to a net lateral force. At higher angles of attack (alpha approx. = 60 deg.), the aft-end of the body develops an unsteady von Karman shedding. As the angle of attack approaches 90 deg., the entire body length exhibits a time-dependent vortex shedding pattern. The...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), VORTEX SHEDDING, AFTERBODIES, ASYMMETRY, FLOW DISTRIBUTION,...

A fast but accurate computation is described for the aero-acoustic properties of a large cavity at subsonic flight speeds. This computation employs a detached-eddy simulation model in the free-shear layer at the cavity opening and the surrounding boundary layer, but assumes inviscid flow in the cavity and in the far field. The reduced gridding requirements in the cavity, in particular, lead to dramatic improvements in the time required for the computation. The results of these computations are...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, SOFIA (AIRBORNE...

The Rake Airflow Gage Experiment involves a flow-field survey rake that was flown on the Propulsion Flight Test Fixture at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center using the Dryden F-15B research test bed airplane. The objective of this flight test was to ascertain the flow-field angularity, local Mach number profile, total pressure distortion, and dynamic pressure at the aerodynamic interface plane of the Channeled Centerbody Inlet Experiment. This new mixed-compression, supersonic inlet is...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIR FLOW, CENTERBODIES, FLIGHT TESTS, MEASURING INSTRUMENTS,...

This paper presents results of an investigation of the effects of shear flow profile on impedance eduction processes employed at NASA Langley. Uniform and 1-D shear-flow propagation models are used to educe the acoustic impedance of three test liners based on aeroacoustic data acquired in the Langley Grazing Flow Impedance Tube, at source levels of 130, 140 and 150 dB, and at centerline Mach numbers of 0.0, 0.3 and 0.5. A ceramic tubular, calibration liner is used to evaluate the propagation...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE, AEROACOUSTICS, IMPEDANCE, UNIFORM FLOW,...

The aeroelastic characteristics of a compressor stage were analyzed using a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) solver that uses the harmonic balance method to solve the governing equations. The three dimensional solver models the unsteady flow field due to blade vibration using the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The formulation enables the study of the effect of blade row interaction through the inclusion of coupling modes between blade rows. It also enables the study of nonlinear...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROELASTICITY, BALANCE, COMPRESSORS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID...

A numerical study over a nominally two-dimensional circulation control airfoil is performed using a large-eddy simulation code and two Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes codes. Different Coanda jet blowing conditions are investigated. In addition to investigating the influence of grid density, a comparison is made between incompressible and compressible flow solvers. The incompressible equations are found to yield negligible differences from the compressible equations up to at least a jet exit...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CIRCULATION CONTROL AIRFOILS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, FLOW...

Nitric-oxide planar laser-induced fluorescence (NO PLIF) was used to visualize and measure centerline streamwise velocity of the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) Reaction Control System (RCS) Jets at NASA Langley Research Center's 31-Inch Mach 10 Air wind tunnel. Fluorescence flow visualizations of pitch, roll, and yaw RCS jets were obtained using different plenum pressures and wind tunnel operating stagnation pressures. For two yaw RCS jet test cases, the PLIF visualizations were compared...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, CREW EXPLORATION VEHICLE, LASER...

An acoustic analogy is developed based on the Euler equations for broadband shock- associated noise (BBSAN) that directly incorporates the vector Green's function of the linearized Euler equations and a steady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes solution (SRANS) as the mean flow. The vector Green's function allows the BBSAN propagation through the jet shear layer to be determined. The large-scale coherent turbulence is modeled by two-point second order velocity cross-correlations. Turbulent length...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMIC NOISE, BROADBAND, SHOCK WAVES, ACOUSTICS,...

An experimental investigation was conducted in the NASA Langley 7 x 10-Foot High Speed Tunnel (HST) to study the effect of leading- and trailing-edge sweep on cavity flow fields for a range of cavity length-to-height (l/h) ratios. The free-stream Mach number was varied from 0.2 to 0.8. The cavity had a depth of 0.5 inches, a width of 2.5 inches, and a maximum length of 12.0 inches. The leading- and trailing-edge sweep was adjusted using block inserts to achieve leading edge sweep angles of 65...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CAVITY FLOW, CAVITIES, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, LEADING EDGE SWEEP,...

Boundary-layer stability analyses of mean flows extracted from unstructured-grid Navier- Stokes solutions have been performed. A procedure has been developed to extract mean flow profiles from the FUN3D unstructured-grid solutions. Extensive code-to-code validations have been performed by comparing the extracted mean ows as well as the corresponding stability characteristics to the predictions based on structured-grid solutions. Comparisons are made on a range of problems from a simple at plate...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER STABILITY, UNSTRUCTURED GRIDS (MATHEMATICS),...

Flow about the NASA Trapezoidal Wing is computed with several turbulence models by using grids from the first High Lift Prediction Workshop in an effort to advance understanding of computational fluid dynamics modeling for this type of flowfield. Transition is accounted for in many of the computations. In particular, a recently-developed 4-equation transition model is utilized and works well overall. Accounting for transition tends to increase lift and decrease moment, which improves the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRAPEZOIDAL WINGS, TURBULENCE MODELS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID...

The present disclosure relates in part to a flow field structure comprising a hydrophilic part and a hydrophobic part communicably attached to each other via a connecting interface. The present disclosure further relates to electrochemical cells comprising the aforementioned flow fields.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS, HYDROPHOBICITY, FLOW DISTRIBUTION,...

This paper compares computational and experimental data from the Aeroelastic Prediction Workshop (AePW) held in April 2012. This workshop was designed as a series of technical interchange meetings to assess the state of the art of computational methods for predicting unsteady flowfields and static and dynamic aeroelastic response. The goals are to provide an impartial forum to evaluate the effectiveness of existing computer codes and modeling techniques to simulate aeroelastic problems and to...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DYNAMIC RESPONSE, WIND TUNNEL TESTS, UNSTEADY FLOW,...