Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science during the period October 1, 1986 through March 31, 1987 is summarized.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, COMPUTER...

An approximation theory is presented for the LQG (Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian) optimal control problem for flexible structures whose distributed models have bounded input and output operators. The main purpose of the theory is to guide the design of finite dimensional compensators that approximate closely the optimal compensator. The optimal LQG problem separates into an optimal linear-quadratic regulator problem and an optimal state estimation problem. The solution of the former problem lies in...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPROXIMATION, COMPENSATORS, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, FLEXIBLE...

The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed a magnetic bearing system for the Dynamic Spin Rig (DSR) with a fully suspended shaft that is used to perform vibration tests of turbomachinery blades and components under spinning conditions in a vacuum. Two heteropolar radial magnetic bearings and a thrust magnetic bearing and the associated control system were integrated into the DSR to provide magnetic excitation as well as non-contact mag- netic suspension of a 15.88 kg (35 lb) vertical...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MAGNETIC BEARINGS, ROTOR BLADES (TURBOMACHINERY), TEST...

The benchmark active controls technology and wind tunnel test program at NASA Langley Research Center was started with the objective to investigate the nonlinear, unsteady aerodynamics and active flutter suppression of wings in transonic flow. The paper will present the flutter suppression control law design process, numerical nonlinear simulation and wind tunnel test results for the NACA 0012 benchmark active control wing model. The flutter suppression control law design processes using (1)...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRANSONIC FLUTTER, ACTIVE CONTROL, UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS,...

In the present investigation, the results obtained during the ground test of a closed-loop control system conducted on a full-scale fighter to attenuate vertical fin buffeting response using strain actuation are presented. Two groups of actuators consisting of piezoelectric elements distributed over the structure were designed to achieve authority over the first and second modes of the vertical fin. The control laws were synthesized using the Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) method for a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FINS, GROUND TESTS, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL,...

The benchmark active controls technology and wind tunnel test program at NASA Langley Research Center was started with the objective to investigate the nonlinear, unsteady aerodynamics and active flutter suppression of wings in transonic flow. The paper will present the flutter suppression control law design process, numerical nonlinear simulation and wind tunnel test results for the NACA 0012 benchmark active control wing model. The flutter suppression control law design processes using (1)...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRANSONIC FLUTTER, VIBRATION DAMPING, CONTROL THEORY, FLUTTER...

This paper presents a semi-analytic method for computing frequency dependent means, variances, and failure probabilities for arbitrarily large-order closed-loop dynamical systems possessing a single uncertain parameter or with multiple highly correlated uncertain parameters. The approach will be shown to not suffer from the same computational challenges associated with computing failure probabilities using conventional FORM/SORM techniques. The approach is demonstrated by computing the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, PROBABILITY THEORY, DYNAMICAL...

Three flutter suppression control law design techniques are presented. Each uses multiple control surfaces and/or sensors. The first uses linear combinations of several accelerometer signals together with dynamic compensation to synthesize the modal rate of the critical mode for feedback to distributed control surfaces. The second uses traditional tools (pole/zero loci and Nyquist diagrams) to develop a good understanding of the flutter mechanism and produce a controller with minimal complexity...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTIVE CONTROL, CONTROL SURFACES, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN,...

When a controller is implemented in a digital computer, with A/D and D/A conversion, the numerical errors of the computation can drastically affect the performance of the control system. There exists realizations of a given controller transfer function yielding arbitrarily large effects from computational errors. Since, in general, there is no upper bound, it is important to have a systematic way of reducing these effects. Optimum controller designs are developed which take account of the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROLLERS, DIGITAL COMPUTERS,...

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179

Jul 25, 2010
07/10

by
Whittenberger, J. Danie

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Measurements of the slow plastic flow behavior of cobalt, iron and nickel B2 crystal structure aluminides were conducted on materials fabricated by metallurical techniques. Due to this processing, the aluminides invariably had small equiaxed grains, ranging in size from about 3 to 60 microns in diameter. Grain size was dependent on the extrusion temperature used for powder consolidation, and it proved to be remarkably stable at elevated temperatures. Mechanical properties of all three...

Topics: APPROXIMATION, FEEDBACK CONTROL, LINEAR QUADRATIC REGULATOR, STATE ESTIMATION, COMPENSATORS,...

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337

Jun 2, 2011
06/11

by
Kilic, Bahattin; Madenci, Erdogan; Ambur, Damodar R

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Adhesively bonded lap joints involve dissimilar material junctions and sharp changes in geometry, possibly leading to premature failure. Although the finite element method is well suited to model the bonded lap joints, traditional finite elements are incapable of correctly resolving the stress state at junctions of dissimilar materials because of the unbounded nature of the stresses. In order to facilitate the use of bonded lap joints in future structures, this study presents a finite element...

Topics: CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, MIMO (CONTROL SYSTEMS), SISO (CONTROL SYSTEMS), DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS,...

The major contribution of this research was the exposition of the fact that airframe and engine interactions could be present, and their effects could include loss of stability and performance of the control systems. Also, the significance of two directional, as opposed to one-directional, coupling was identified and explained. A multivariable stability and performance analysis methodology was developed, and applied to several candidate aircraft configurations. In these example evaluations, the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRCRAFT STABILITY, AIRFRAMES, CONTROL THEORY,...

A linear-quadratic-gaussian (LQG) regulator controller design for an acceleration-augmented active magnetic bearing (AMB) is outlined. Acceleration augmentation is a key feature in providing improved dynamic performance of the controller. The optimal control formulation provides a convenient method of trading-off fast transient response and force attenuation as control objectives.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROLLERS, DYNAMIC LOADS, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN...

Linear quadratic Gaussian control is a technique that uses Kalman filtering to estimate a state vector used for input into a control calculation. A control correction is calculated by minimizing a quadratic cost function that is dependent on both the state vector and the control amount. Different penalties, chosen by the designer, are assessed by the controller as the state vector and control amount vary from given optimal values. With this feature controllers can be designed to force the phase...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL, STATE VECTORS, FREQUENCY...

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189

Jul 26, 2010
07/10

by
Sutton, Kenneth; Hartung, Lin C

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The recent resurgence of interest in blunt-body atmospheric entry for applications such as aeroassisted orbital transfer and planetary return has engendered a corresponding revival of interest in radiative heating. Radiative heating may be of importance in these blunt-body flows because of the highly energetic shock layer around the blunt nose. Sutton developed an inviscid, stagnation point, radiation coupled flow field code for investigating blunt-body atmospheric entry. The method has been...

Topics: ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), CONVERGENCE, MINIMA, SADDLE POINTS, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, HOMOTOPY...

Two iterative methods are considered, Richardson's method and a general second order method. For both methods, a variant of the method is derived for which only even numbered iterates are computed. The variant is called a leapfrog method. Comparisons between the conventional form of the methods and the leapfrog form are made under the assumption that the number of unknowns is large. In the case of Richardson's method, it is possible to express the final iterate in terms of only the initial...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGEBRA, ITERATIVE SOLUTION, LINEAR EQUATIONS, ALGORITHMS,...

Thirty years of control systems research has produced an enormous body of theoretical results in feedback synthesis. Yet such results see relatively little practical application, and there remains an unsettling gap between classical single-loop techniques (Nyquist, Bode, root locus, pole placement) and modern multivariable approaches (LQG and H infinity theory). Large scale, complex systems, such as high performance aircraft and flexible space structures, now demand efficient, reliable design...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROL THEORY, DESIGN ANALYSIS,...

Control and estimator gains are computed for linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) optimal control of the axial vibrations of a thermoelastic rod. The computations are based on a modal approximation of the partial differential equations representing the rod, and convergence of the approximations to control and estimator gains is the main issue.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPROXIMATION, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL,...

In the Control Systems Division of the Systems Dynamics Laboratory of the NASA/MSFC, a Ground Facility (GF), in which the dynamics and control system concepts being considered for Large Space Structures (LSS) applications can be verified, was designed and built. One of the important aspects of the GF is to design an analytical model which will be as close to experimental data as possible so that a feasible control law can be generated. Using Hyland's Maximum Entropy/Optimal Projection Approach,...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, LARGE SPACE STRUCTURES, MAXIMUM...

Reusable models of common elements for communication, computation, decision and control in air traffic management are necessary in order to enable simulation, analysis and assurance of emergent properties, such as safety and stability, for a given operational concept. Uncertainties due to faults, such as dropped messages, along with non-linearities and sensor noise are an integral part of these models, and impact emergent system behavior. Flight control algorithms designed using a linearized...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRCRAFT MODELS, NUMERICAL STABILITY, AIRCRAFT CONTROL,...

This paper presents a numerical investigation of an active structural acoustic control strategy for coupled aircraft-style bays. While structural coupling can destabilize or limit the performance of some model-based decentralized control systems, fullycoupled centralized control strategies are impractical for typical aircraft containing several hundred bays. An alternative is to use classical rate feedback with matched, collocated transducer pairs to achieve active damping. Unfortunately, due...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTIVE CONTROL, GENERAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT, BAYS (STRUCTURAL...

Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) is close to having a working 4DVAR system and has developed a linearized version of GEOS-5.This talk outlines a series of improvements made to the linearized dynamics, physics and trajectory.Of particular interest is the development of linearized cloud microphysics, which provides the framework for 'all-sky' data assimilation.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM (EOS), EOS DATA AND INFORMATION...

In a paper here last year, an idea was put forward that much greater performance could be obtained from an observer, relative to a Kalman filter if more general performance indices were adopted, and the full power spectra of all the noises were employed. The considerable progress since then is reported here. Included are an extension of the theory to regulators, direct calculation of the theory's fundamental quantities - the noise effect integrals - for several theoretical spectra, and direct...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), KALMAN FILTERS, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL, LINEAR...

The problem and long term objectives for the precision pointing and control of flexible spacecraft are given. The four basic objectives are stated in terms of two principle tasks. Under Task 1, robust low order controllers, improved structural modeling methods for control applications and identification methods for structural dynamics are being developed. Under Task 2, a lab test experiment for verification of control laws and system identification algorithms is being developed. For Task 1,...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, DYNAMIC STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS, FLEXIBLE...

The underlying philosophy and motivation of the optimal projection/maximum entropy (OP/ME) stochastic modeling and reduced control design methodology for high order systems with parameter uncertainties are discussed. The OP/ME design equations for reduced-order dynamic compensation including the effect of parameter uncertainties are reviewed. The application of the methodology to several Large Space Structures (LSS) problems of representative complexity is illustrated.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, DYNAMIC STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS, LARGE...

A design sensitivity analysis method for Linear Quadratic Cost, Gaussian (LQG) optimal control laws, which predicts change in the optimal control law due to changes in fixed problem parameters using analytical sensitivity equations is discussed. Numerical results of a design sensitivity analysis for a realistic aeroservoelastic aircraft example are presented. In this example, the sensitivity of the optimally controlled aircraft's response to various problem formulation and physical aircraft...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL THEORY, DESIGN ANALYSIS, SENSITIVITY, SPACECRAFT...

The crew emergency return vehicle (CERV) autoland feasibility study focused on determining the controllability of the NASA Langley high lift over drag CERV for performing an automatic landing at a prescribed runway. An autoland system was developed using integral linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) design techniques. The design was verified using a nonlinear 6 DOF simulation. Simulation results demonstrate that the CERV configuration is a very flyable configuration for performing an autoland...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, DRAG, ESCAPE SYSTEMS, LANDING, LINEAR...

The problem of using reduced order dynamic compensators to control a class of nonlinear parabolic distributed parameter systems was considered. Concentration was on a system with unbounded input and output operators governed by Burgers' equation. A linearized model was used to compute low-order-finite-dimensional control laws by minimizing certain energy functionals. Then these laws were applied to the nonlinear model. Standard approaches to this problem employ model/controller reduction...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BURGER EQUATION, COMPENSATORS, CONTROL THEORY, DISTRIBUTED...

Design of a control law for simultaneously suppressing the symmetric and antisymmetric flutter modes of a string mounted fixed-in-roll aeroelastic wind tunnel model is described. The flutter suppression control law was designed using linear quadratic Gaussian theory and involved control law order reduction, a gain root-locus study, and the use of previous experimental results. A 23 percent increase in open-loop flutter dynamic pressure was demonstrated during the wind tunnel test. Rapid roll...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROELASTIC RESEARCH WINGS, AEROELASTICITY, CONTROL SYSTEMS...

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187

Jun 9, 2011
06/11

by
Stokes, Eric H.; Shin, E. Eugene; Sutter, James K

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Carbon fiber thermoset polymer matrix composites (PMC) with high temperature polyimide based in-situ polymerized monomer reactant (PMR) resin has been used for some time in applications which can see temperatures up to 550 F. Currently, graphite fiber PMR based composites are used in several aircraft engine components including the outer bypass duct for the GE F-404, exit flaps for the P&W F-100-229, and the core cowl for the GE/Snecma CF6-80A3. Newer formulations, including PMR-II-50 are...

Topics: TRANSONIC FLUTTER, ACTIVE CONTROL, UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL, WIND...

A decentralized LQG-based control strategy is designed to reduce low-frequency sound transmission through periodically stiffened panels. While modern control strategies have been used to reduce sound radiation from relatively simple structural acoustic systems, significant implementation issues have to be addressed before these control strategies can be extended to large systems such as the fuselage of an aircraft. For instance, centralized approaches typically require a high level of...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOUND WAVES, ITERATION, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, LINEAR...

This paper describes a combined control strategy designed to reduce sound radiation from stiffened aircraft-style panels. The control architecture uses robust active damping in addition to high-authority linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) control. Active damping is achieved using direct velocity feedback with triangularly shaped anisotropic actuators and point velocity sensors. While active damping is simple and robust, stability is guaranteed at the expense of performance. Therefore the approach...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTUATORS, ANISOTROPY, PANELS, SOUND WAVES, AIRCRAFT...

A linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) compensator design procedure is proposed for the DSS-13 antenna. The procedure is based on two properties. It is shown that tracking and flexible motion of the antenna are almost independent (the separation property). As a consequence, compensators for the flexible and tracking parts can be designed separately. It is shown also that the balanced LQG compensator's effort is evenly divided between the controller and the estimator. This allows a minimization of...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ANTENNAS, COMPENSATORS, CONTROL STABILITY, CONTROLLERS, DEEP...

In this paper we study the robustness with respect to stability of the closed-loop system with collocated rate sensor using LQG (mean square rate) optimized compensators. Our main result is that the transmission zeros of the compensator are precisely the structure modes when the actuator/sensor locations are 'pinned' and/or 'clamped': i.e., motion in the direction sensed is not allowed. We have stability even under parameter mismatch, except in the unlikely situation where such a mode frequency...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPENSATORS, CONTROL STABILITY, CONTROL THEORY, FEEDBACK...

This note is concerned with the regularity of solutions of algebraic Riccati equations arising from infinite dimensional LQR and LQG control problems. We show that distributed parameter systems described by certain parabolic partial differential equations often have a special structure that smoothes solutions of the corresponding Riccati equation. This analysis is motivated by the need to find specific representations for Riccati operators that can be used in the development of computational...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DISTRIBUTED PARAMETER SYSTEMS, FEEDBACK CONTROL, LINEAR...

This paper compares two previously published design procedures for two different multivariable control design techniques for application to a linear engine model of a jet engine. The two multivariable control design techniques compared were the Linear Quadratic Gaussian with Loop Transfer Recovery (LQG/LTR) and the H-Infinity synthesis. The two control design techniques were used with specific previously published design procedures to synthesize controls which would provide equivalent closed...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, ENGINE CONTROL, H-INFINITY CONTROL,...

Active damping of modal oscillation is critical to the success of future versions of Space Station Freedom. Vibratory motion may be induced by external disturbances such as solar and gravity gradient torques, extra vehicular and experimental activity, aerodynamic forces, the earth's magnetic field, and space shuttle docking. Linear proof mass actuators can provide control on the space station to achieve this damping effect. Two control algorithms, Linear Quadratic Gaussian control and H∞...

Topics: active damping, H∞ control, vibration, linear quadratic Gaussian control

Following the general form for LQG optimal compensators for flexible structures with collocated rate sensors we develop an explicit compensator transfer function for the NASA LaRC CSI Evolutionary model in the form: psi(i omega) = g i omega B(sub u)(sup *)(-M(sub b)omega(exp 2) + T(i omega) + i gamma omega B(sub u)Bu(sub u)(sup *))(exp -1)B(sub u) where T(i omega) is a 48 x 48 positive definite matrix whose derivation is the main result of this report. The undamped mode frequencies can be...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPENSATORS, CONTROL THEORY, FLEXIBLE BODIES, LINEAR...

Application of the Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian with Loop-Transfer-Recovery methodology to design of a control system for a simplified turbofan engine model is considered. The importance of properly scaling the plant to achieve the desired Target-Feedback-Loop is emphasized. The steps involved in the application of the methodology are discussed via an example, and evaluation results are presented for a reduced-order compensator. The effect of scaling the plant on the stability robustness...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, FEEDBACK CONTROL, LINEAR QUADRATIC...

A new approach to integrated structure/control law design based on multilevel optimization is presented. This new approach is applicable to aircraft and spacecraft and allows for the independent design of the structure and control law. Integration of the designs is achieved through use of an upper level coordination problem formulation within the multilevel optimization framework. The method requires the use of structure and control law design sensitivity information. A general multilevel...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRCRAFT STABILITY, AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES, CONTROL SYSTEMS...

In the past few years, the mixed H(sub 2)/H-infinity control problem has been the object of much research interest since it allows the incorporation of robust stability into the LQG framework. The general mixed H(sub 2)/H-infinity design problem has yet to be solved analytically. Numerous schemes have considered upper bounds for the H(sub 2)-performance criterion and/or imposed restrictive constraints on the class of systems under investigation. Furthermore, many modern control applications...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL STABILITY, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROLLERS,...

This paper presents an iterative Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controller design approach for a linear stochastic system with an uncertain open-loop model and unknown noise statistics. This approach consists of closed-loop identification and controller redesign cycles. In each cycle, the closed-loop identification method is used to identify an open-loop model and a steady-state Kalman filter gain from closed-loop input/output test data obtained by using a feedback LQG controller designed from...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL, DESIGN ANALYSIS,...

Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) control is a modern state-space technique for designing optimal dynamic regulators. It enables us to trade off regulation performance and control effort, and to take into account process and measurement noise. The Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch at the NASA Glenn Research Center has developed an LQG control for a fault-tolerant magnetic bearing suspension rig to optimize system performance and to reduce the sensor and processing noise. The LQG regulator...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MAGNETIC BEARINGS, LINEAR QUADRATIC GAUSSIAN CONTROL, LINEAR...

The development is described of an integrated structure/active control law design methodology for aeroelastic aircraft applications. A short motivating introduction to aeroservoelasticity is given along with the need for integrated structures/controls design algorithms. Three alternative approaches to development of an integrated design method are briefly discussed with regards to complexity, coordination and tradeoff strategies, and the nature of the resulting solutions. This leads to the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTIVE CONTROL, AEROELASTICITY, AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES, LINEAR...

Some of the problems are discussed which are encountered in the design of discrete-time stochastic controllers for problems that may adequately be described by the Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) assumptions; namely, the problems of obtaining acceptable relative stability, robustness, and disturbance rejection properties. A dynamic compensator is proposed to replace the optimal full state feedback regulator gains at steady state, provided that all states are measurable. The compensator...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL STABILITY, FEEDBACK CONTROL, LINEAR QUADRATIC...

This monograph presents integrated modeling and controller design methods for flexible structures. The controllers, or compensators, developed are optimal in the linear-quadratic-Gaussian sense. The performance objectives, sensor and actuator locations and external disturbances influence both the construction of the model and the design of the finite dimensional compensator. The modeling and controller design procedures are carried out in parallel to ensure compatibility of these two aspects of...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ASTRODYNAMICS, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROLLERS, FLEXIBLE...

The application of Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) techniques to the design of the 70-m axis servos is described. Linear quadratic optimal control and Kalman filter theory are reviewed, and model development and verification are discussed. Families of optimal controller and Kalman filter gain vectors were generated by varying weight parameters. Performance specifications were used to select final gain vectors.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ANTENNAS, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROL THEORY,...

Viewgraphs on the Middeck Active Control Experiment (MACE) are presented. Topics covered include: program objectives; program features; flight experiment features; current activities; MACE development model lab testing; MACE test article deployed on STS middeck; and development model testing.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTIVE CONTROL, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, GRAVITATIONAL...

New results concerning optimal design with accelerometers are presented. These results show that the designer must be concerned with the stability properties of two Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) compensators, one of which does not explicitly appear in the closed-loop system dynamics. The new concepts of virtual and implemented compensators are introduced to cope with these subtleties. The virtual compensator appears in the closed-loop system dynamics and the implemented compensator appears in...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPENSATORS, CONTROL STABILITY, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN,...

The controller development and the tracking performance evaluation for the DSS-13 antenna are presented. A trajectory preprocessor, linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controller, feedforward controller, and their combination were designed, built, analyzed, and tested. The antenna exhibits nonlinear behavior when the input to the antenna and/or the derivative of this input exceeds the imposed limits; for slewing and acquisition commands, these limits are typically violated. A trajectory...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, CONTROLLERS, ERROR CORRECTING CODES,...